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>y a ,•;..: iUM^j 


W O R K 



Late of Pembroke-College, Oxford, 
And Chaplain to the Rt. Hon. the Countefs of Huntingdon. 



Which have been already publitbed : 


Vritten to his moft intimate Friends, and Perfons of Diftindlion, ia. 
England^ Scotland 9 Ireland^ and Jmerua^ from the Year 1734^ to* 
17709 including the whole Period of his Minillry. 


Jome other Pieces on Important Subjects, 

never bcfpre printed ; prepared by Himfelf for the Prefs. 
To which IS prefixed. 

An ACCOUNT of his LIFE, 

Compiled from his Original Papers and Letters. 

vg^y V o 

L. IV. 


Dted for Edward and Charles Dilly, in thePouUryj 
wd Meflrs, KiNCAiD and Creech, at Edinburgh. 





m''^ N S W E R 

T O T H E 

->3^SH0P of LONDON'S 



A 2 

. ». ,• • 

;• y 



C 5 3 

A N S W E R 

to THE 


t A S T 


My Lord^ 

I Need make no apology for troublliig jroiir Lordfliip witH 
this.' As year Lordfhip was pleafed to make me the chief 
fubjed matter of your hft Pafioral Lelter^ I think it mijr 
daty to Infwer in the beft maimer I can. 

Your Lordfbip is highly to be tomniended, for the car^ 
you have taken in watching over the fouls of thofe, who atd 
committed to your LordQiip's chsirge. Lukewarmnfefs and 
enthufiafm, are the two rocks againft which even weU-mean^i^ 
ing people ate in danger of fplitting. All ought to be thank**' 
ful to that i^ilot, who will teach them to fteer a fife and mid-^ 
die courfe. I Mrould gladly hope, that ^^ a zeal fcfr Oool 
m the difcharge of yoiir duty, and si hearty concerh for tbd 
fiifety of fpiils," moved your Lordfhip to write. THefe are 
the principles^ I trufl:, which now excite me, to dired thig 
anfwer to your Lordihip* And, blefTed be Go0^ that I caxi 
write with fome^hat of that love and ineeknefs, which be- 
comes a difciple of Jesus Christ, and with all that huihi^ 
lity and reverence^ which is due from a pre(bytet to a biibop 
of the church of God« 

A^ laikf. 

C 6 ! 

■Lukcwarmnefs and cnthufiafm, my Lord,^^ are certainly the 
bane of true chrilUanity. I thank your Lordfhip again for 
jrouf kind cautions againft them. The only query is, •' Whe- 
ther there was any occafion for your Lordlhip's warning the 
people of your diocefe, againft running into either of thefe 
extremes, upon account of any thi^g, I have either fpoken 
or written?" Your Lord fliip thinks there was, and quotes 
paflages out of my Journal to prove it 5 if it can be proved, 
I will alk public pardon, both of your Lordfhip and them, 
with all my heart. 

As for your Lordfliip's cautions againft lukewarmnefs^ I am 
not much concerned in them. You do not feem to £oint at 
me in particular j unlefs it is, where your Lordfhip (pag. 10.) 
informs your people, ** That a diligent attendance on the, 
duties of theftation wherein Providence has placed them, is, in 
the ftrideft fcnfe, the ferving of God." None but thofe, who 
condemn me unheard, can juftly charge me with affirming to 
the contrary. ' 

However, I beg leave to obferve, that your Lordfhip, 
(p^ 8.) calls that a very imperfed ftate of chriftiariity, which 
h no Jiaie of chrtftianity at all* St. Paul^ writing to the C^-' 
rtnthiansj 2 Cor. chap. xiii. ver. 5, feys, *^ Examine your- 
felves, whether ye be in the faith; prove your ownfelves.*' 
And that they might. have a certain rule, whereby to judge 
whether they were in the faith, truly fo called, or not; he 
immediately adds, ** Kno.w ye not your ownfelves, bow that 
Christ Jesus is in ypu, except ye be reprobates ? " So that, 
according to St, Paul's rule, ** He that finds, he has hitherto 
contented himfelf with a bare bodily attendance upon the. 
public worfhip of God, and with following his daily employ- 
;nept 9n other days, and with abftaining from the more grofs. 
and notorious a£b of fin, and from doing any hurt or injary 
to his neighbour, and has refted finally upon thefe, as the 
Y^bole of what chriftianity requires of him;" is fo far from 
\fc\pg in a very imperfect ftate, as your Lordfhip is pleafed to 
affirni, pag. 8* that he is. in no ftate of chriftianity at all* 
Np> my Lord, he is a reprobate, or, one who at prefent is out ' 
^f a ftate of falvation, nor can he ever have any afTurance 
tiiat he is in a ftate of falvation, till he knows that j£sus 
Christ is in him, by the indwelling of his Holy Spirit. If 

I havfr 

t ? 3 

i have miftakeii your Lord(hip's expreffion^ I will freely beg^ 
your Lord(hip's pardon. 

Another thing, my Lord, to me fcems darkly expreffedi in 
pag. 18. (let not your I^ordflbip be angry, for indeed I will 
endeavour to fpeak with all gentlenefs and humility) : your 
Lord{hip*s words are thefc : ** Nor need they any other evi- 
dence befides thofe good dtfpofitions they find in their hearts^ 
that the Holy Spirit of God co-operates with their honeft en- 
deavours to fubdue fin and grow in goodnefs." If by goo<l 
difpofitions, your Lordfliip' only means good inclinations or 
defires, I deny that to be a fufficient evidence, that the Spifit 
of Goii co-operates with their honeft endeavours to fubdu6 
fin and grow in goodnefs. For there is a great difference be- 
tweeti good defires and good habits : many have one, who 
never attain the other. Many have good defires to fubdue fin^- 
and yet, retting in thofe good defires, fin has always had do- 
minion over them. A perfon fick of a fever may defire to be 
in health, but that defire is not health itfelf. In like manner^ 
many have good difpofitions, or defires to be goodj but that is 
not goodnefs itfelf. And confequently men need more evidence 
than good difpofitions^ to prove to themfelves or others^ 
*' that the Holy Spirit of God co-operates with their honeft 
endeavours to fubdue fin." If by good difpofitions, your 
Lordfhip means good habits wrought in the heart by the Spi- 
rit of G0D5 fuch as peace, love, joy,- long-fuffering, goodnefs^ 
truth, &c. I then agree a man needs no other evidence : for 
thefc are th? proper and genuiYie fruits of the Spirit itfelf. 

Your Lordlhip immediately adds, ** Nor that^ perfevering 
in their courfe, and praying to God for his afliftance, and re- 
lying upon the merits of Christ for the pardon of all fuch' 
fins, failings^ and imperfections, as are more or lefs unavoid- 
able in this mortal Sate.'' I beg leave to afk your Lordfliip^ 
Ivhether this does not favour too much of the common divinity^ 
That we are to do fomething for ourfelves : or, in other" 
ivords^ that we have partly a righteoufnefs of our own, and 
that Jesu^ Christ is to make up the deficiencies of that 
tighteoufnefs f What elfc can your Lordfhip mean, by fay- 
ingj That we muft rely on the merits of Christ for thd 
pardon of ^' all fuch fins as are more or lefs unavoidable in 
ihit mortal fiatcF " Did Jesus Christ come into the worlds 
A 4 my 

t 8 1 
Illy Lord, only to favc us from the guilt of fuch fins, as are 
more or lefs unavoidable in this mortal ftate ? The fcriptureal 
every where aflSrm, that man hath no righteoufnefs of^his 
own, " That there is none righteous, no not one j — ^that all 
©ur righteoufnefs is as filthy rags j" and that Jesus Christ 
died, not only to fave us from the gui\jt of all fuch fins, fail- 
ings, and infirmities, as are more or lefs unavoidable in thi» 
mortal ftate, but from all wilful fins, and alfo from that ori- 
ginal corruption, which every man naturally engendered of the 
offspring of Adam^ brings into the world with hinf>. I hope 
I have not mifunderftood, or overftrained ypur Lordfhip's ex- 

I come now to your Lordfhip's caution againft enthufiafm. 
For that, I fuppofe, your Lordfhip intended more particularly 
againft me. 

And here, my Lord, I beg leave to obferve. That, in my 
opinion, your Lordftiip has by no means been clear enough 
in your definition of the word enthufiafm. 

According to the fair rules of writing, wa^ it not firft in- 
cumbent on your Lordftiip to fliew, that the word enihuftaji 
had a good as well as a bad meaning : that it fignifies no more 
thzn a per/on in God^ and confequently every chriftian, in the 
proper fenfe of the word, is an enthufiaft ? For St. Peter 
writes, *' That to us are given exceeding great and precious 
promifes, that by thefe we might be partakers of the divine 

' And our church fays, " If we receive the facrament wor- 
thily, we arp one with Christ, and Christ with us : we 
. dwell in Christ, and Christ in us." For which flie ha» 
fufficient warrant from our Lord^s prayer, John xvii. 20, &c. 
*« Neither pray I for thefe alone, but for them alfo which 
fliall believe on me through their word j that they all may be 
one, as thou, Father, art in me, and I in»thee, that they alfo 
may be one in us, I in them, and they in me, that they may 
be made perfe£t in one : that the love wherewith thou haft 
loved me, may be in them, and I in them." 

But indeed your LordiChip's definition of inihuftafmj 
when examined, does not convey any ill idea at all, '* En- 
thufiafm, IS a ftrong perfuafion on the mind, that they 
are guided in an extraordinary manner^ by immediate impulfes 


t 9 ] 

and infipreffions of the Spirit of God.** Had your Lordffiip 
laid, a ftrong but groundlefs perfuajion^ that they arc guided in 
an extraordinary manner, it would have been to your Lord- 
ihip's purpofe. put to afErm, without any reftri£lion, that 
a ftrong perfuailon that we are guided in an extraordinary 
manner by- immediate impulfes, is enthufiafm in the worft 
fcnfe of the word, when your Lordfliip yourfelf fays, (p. 54.) 
" There is no doubt, but GoD, when he pleafes, can work 
upon the minds of men by extraordinary influences," to me 
feems a little inconfiftent. 

Your Lordftip proceeds thus : ** And this is owing chiefly 
to the want of diftmguifhing aright between the ordinary and 
e^ttraordinary operations of the Holy Spirit. The extraordi- 
nary operations were thofe, by which the apoftles and others, 
who were entrufted with the firft propagation of the gofpel, 
were enabled to work miracles, and fpeak with tongues, in 
teftimony, that their miflion and doftrine were from God." 

I fuppofe, by extraordinary operations, your Lordfhip 
means the fame as being guiJcd 'u\ an extraordinary manner, 
juft above. And if fo, according to your Lordftiip^s own de- 
finition, I am no enthufiaft. For I never did pretend to thcfe 
extraordinary operations of working miracles, or fpeak ing 
with tongues, in teftimony that my miflion were 
from God ; I only lay claim to the ordinary gifts and in- 
fluences of the Spirit, which your Lordlhip (pag. 20.) fays, 
" Still continue :" and what need was there then, my Lord, 
that the people of your Lordfhip's diocefe fhould be cautioned 
againft enthuftafm upon my account ? 

But your Lordfliip farther adds, *^ The ordinary gifts, 
however real and certain in themfelves, are no otherwife dif- 
cernible, than by their fruits and ^efi^edls." Had your Lord- 
fliip faid. No otherwife difcernible to others^ than by their 
fruits and effefts, it would have been right : but if your 
Lordfliip means, they are no otherwife difcernible to ourfelves, 
in my opinion, it is wrong j for it is poflible, my Lord, for 
a perfon to feel and difcern thcfe ordinary gifts and influences 
of the Spirit in himfelf^ when there is no opportunity of dif- 
covering them to others. 

For inftance, on fuppofltion that your Lordfliip was aflifted 
by the bleflled Spirit, in writing your paftoral letter ^ might 
not your Lordfhip be fenfible of aa inward joy and compla- 

10 ] 

cency,, wrought by that fclf-fame Spirit, which was not then 
difcernible to others ? So is it poiEble for another to feel joy 
in the Holy Ghoft, with the reft of his fruits, which at that 
time may not be difcernible to others 5 and which they, who 
have never experienced the like, may not believe, though a 
man declare it unto them. I hope, my Lord, thefe reafonings 
carry with them their own evidence. 

But to proceed : (pages 21, 22, 23, 24, 25.) your I^Ord- 
fbip has taken pains to colIecSl feveral paffages out of the pub- 
lic liturgy, to prove the dodrine of regeneration, or our new 
l?irth, to be the dodlrine of the Church of England. Your 
reafon for fo doing, appears (pag. 25.) " to arm your people 
• againft any fuggeftions, as if our church were fo regardlefs 
of the dofirine of regeneration and new birth, as if there were 
need for any member of it, to feek elfewhere for a more fpiri- 
t;ual fervice." If this, my Lord, was intended to arm your 
people againft any fuch fuggeftions made by me ; irideed ycuf 
1-ordftiip does not do me juftice. As your Lordfhip, I find, 
has done me the honour to perufe 'my Third Journal, your 
Lordfliip may remember this obfervatibn, Qpag, 39.) that< 
after I had baptized an adult, I proved the neceifity of the 
new birth, from the office of our church* 

In my fermon, upon the indwelUng of the Spirit of G0D5 
%yhich I have made bold to fend to your Lordfhip with this 
letter, you will find, I have quoted the expreilions of our own 
church offices, to prove the dodlrine of the new birth, as 
your Lordfhip does in your paftoral letter. My conftant way 
of preaching is, firft, to prove my propofitions by fcripture^ 
and then to illuftratc them by the articles and colle£ts of the 
church oi England, Thofe that have heard me^ can witnefs, 
how often I have exhorted them to be conftant at the public 
fervice of the church. I attend on it myfelf, and would read 
the public litorgy every day, if your Lordfhip's clergy would 
give me Jeave. What further fatisfadion can your Lordfhip 
require, that I do not fuggeft to your Lordfhip's people^ " 39 
if our church were regardlefs of the doSrine of regeneration^ 
and new birth, and as if there were need for any member of 
it, to feek elfewhere for a more fpiritual fervice." 

In the following paragraph, your Lordfhip has the fame 
infuiuation, as thgogh I want«d to introdocc $:ftempore prayer^ • 
7 and 

r It ] 

and toJ^y afide the public liturgy of our church. For aftef 
your Lordlhip had been fpeaking againft praying by the Spirit, 
and affirming that the fcripture no where tells us, that prayer 
is the fingle work of the Spirit, your Lordftiip fays to your 
people, ** you have great reafon to be thankful to God, for a 
public iervice prepared to your hands." My Lord, I never 
faid to the contrary. But does not your Lordfliip feem to in- 
finuatc at the fame time, that we are not to depend on the 
Spirit of God, to enable us to pray extempore, either in pub- 
lic or private? That prayer is not the fingle work of the 
Spirit, without any co-operation of our own, I readily confefs. 
But that the Spirit of God does affift true chriftianst to pray 
extempore, now, as well as formerly, is undeniable, if the 
fcriptures be true. For what fays the Apoftle? ** W^ know 
not what to pray for, as we ought; but the Spirit itfelf helpeth 
our infirmities, and maketh interceffion for us with groanings 
that cannot be uttered." And this is founded upon a general 
promife, made to all God's people, Zachariah xii. lo. ** t 
will pour upon the houfe of Davidy and upon the inhabitant* 
oi Jerufalem^ the Spirit of grace, and of fupplication." And 
I believe, my Lord, we may appeal to the experience of all 
true chriflians, whether or no they did not find the Spirit of 
fupplication, or a power of praying without ajbrm, increafe 
in proportion to the increafe of God's Grace or Holy Spirit 
in their hearts. This is all, my Lord, that I pretend to: 
and where is the impropriety of this, when your Lordfhip 
confeflfes in the fame page, that " the Spirit of God does par- 
ticularly affift us, in a due performance of religious ©fficesr" 

Further, as your Lordfliip feems to deny the immediate af- 
fifiance of the \io\y Spirit, in our particular addreffes at the 
throne of Grace, fo your Lordftiip feems to deny it alfo in ouij 
particular actions. " In like manner, (you fay) we are firmly 
perfuaded in general, that we live under the gracious influence 
of God's Holy Spirit, and that he both excites and enables 
us to do good. But that this or that thought or adlion is an 
tStSt of the fole motion, or immediate impulfe of *the Spirit, 
without any co-operation of our own mind "--r[My Lord, 
who ever arffimed, that there was no co-operation of our own 
minds, together with the impulfe of the fpirit of God? J Your 
Lordfliip adds, ** or that the Hqly Spkit, and onr natural con- 


r « r 

crpttonSy do rtfptAivtly contribute to this Or th;lt thobght or 
a£lion, in fuch a meafure, or to fuch a degree; thefe are 
things we dare not fay." Indeed, my Lord, I do dare to fay 
them. For if there be any fuch thing as a particular provi-* 
dence, why may we not expefi: particular, dircdion from 
God's Holy Spirit in particular cafes ? Does not our church, 
my Lord, teach us to pray, *' that God's Holy Spirit'may in 
all things dire<Sl and rule our hearts?*' But your Lordfhip fays, 
we dare not fay this, becaufe our Saviour has told us, that we 
know no more of the working of the Spirit, than we know of 
the wind, from whence it cometh, and whither it goeth. 
Neither need we know any more of them : but you muft zU 
low, that we know as much. Cannot your Lordfhip feel the 
wind then? Does not your Lordfhip know when it makes any 
impreffion upon your body ? So eafy it is for a fpiritual man 
to know wheh the Hoty Spirit makes an imprei&on upon his 
foul. Without acknowledging this, all the expreffions ef be^ 
ing led by the Spirit^ walking by the Spirit j and fuch like, muft 
i>e only fo many words without any real meaning. Your Lord-* 
ihip acknowledges, that the Holy Spirit does a£t in general^ 
and why not in the particular aSions of our lives alfo ? For, 
can the one be without the other? Does it not frequently 
happen, my Lord, that the comfort and happinefs of our whole 
lives, depend on one particular aAion ? And where then, my 
Lord, is the abfurdity of faying, that the Holy Spirit may 
even, in the minuted circumftance, direct and rule our hearts? 
I have been the more particular, my Lord, on this part of your 
Lord(hip's letter, becaufe if this be proved, many of your 
Lordfbip's obje£iions againft my Journals, will fall to the 

Page 27. Your Lordfliip has the following paragraph. 
** God forbid, that in this profane and degenerate age, every 
thing that has an appearance of piety and devotion, (hould not 
be confidered in the moft favourable light that it is capable of< 
But at the fame time, it is furely very proper, that men fhould 
be called upon for fome reafonable evidences of a divine Com^ 

I take it for granted, that I am one of thofe men, whoM 
your Lordfhip thinks fhould be called upoa for fomc reafon« 
able evidence oi a divine Commi£im. 

t 13 1 

But» fnyX»ord, wliat reafonable evidence docs your LwJ- 
jhip require? Did I not receive letters dimiflbry from your 
Lordfhip's own hands to be ordained a prieft ? Did I not, v^hcn 
ordained deacon,, affirm, ** that I was inwardly moved by the 
Holy Ghoft, to take upon me that office and miniftration ?•* 
Did not my Lord of Ghucejier^ when he ordained me prieft, 
fay unto me, ** Receive thou the Holy Ghoft now committed 
unto thee, by the impofition of our hands, in the name of the 
Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoft?" And is 
not this, my Lord, a reafonable evidence that I a£t by a 
divine Commiffton? If this be not true, muft not all thofe 
whom 'your Lordftiip, or the other BiOiops ordain, aft only 
by a human CommiJJion? Nay, to ufc the words of Bifhop 
Burnet in his Pajioral Letter^ ** muft not they who are ordain- 
ed, lie not only unto man but unto God, by faying, they arc * 
inwardly moved by the Holy Spirit?" 

If your Lordfbip in any wife difputes my afting by a Svhte 
Commiffionj you difclaim your own divine right and authority; 
nor can you poffibly avoid the dilemma, of either allowing ny 
divine CommiJJion^ or denying your own. 

After your Lordftiip has infmuated a demand for the evi- 
dences of my divine CommiJJion^ immediately fbllows thefe 
words 5 *' when they tell us of extraordinary communications 
they have with God." 

If by extraordinary communications, your Lordfhip means 
the extraordinary operations of the Holy Spirit, as working 
miracles, ^nd fpeaking with tongues ; your Lordfhip may 
aflbrc yourfelf, I never pretended to any fuch thing. If, by 
extraordinary communications, your Lordlhip means more af* 
fiftance and comforts from God, at fpme times, than I have 
at others, (which is all I mean by extraordinary communica- 
tions) I own the charge ? And what is there, my Lord, extra-- 
ordinary in that ? 

Again, your Lordfhip fays, (page 28.) " When they talk 
in the language of thofe, who have a Jpecial and immediate 
mijjion from GoD." 

And does your Lordfhip, and the reft of the Bifliops, ordaia 
any, without obliging them firft to give good proofs, that they 
have a fpeci^I call or immediate miffioa from God to the 
work of the miaiftry? If ever you fodo, my Lord, do not 
yourXfOrdfhips lay hands loo fuddenly upon men i 

f 14 ] 

' ?age 29. Your Lordfhip writes thus, <* When they pro- 
fefs to think and a<Sl under the immediate guidance of a divine 

And does not your Lordfliip think and a£l by the fame rule? 
Why, otherwifcj does your Lordfliip pray when you adminifter 
the holy Communion, " that God would cleanfe the thoughts ' 
of our hearts by the infpir^tion of his Holy Spirit ?'* 

Page 31. Your Lordfliip fays, " when they fpeak of their 
preaching and expounding, and the cffc(Ss of them, as the 
foli work of a divine Power, ^^ 

And would your Lordfliip have me afcribe any, the leaft 
thing to myfelf ? The good that is done upon earth, doth not 
God do it himfelf ? Does not the Apoftle fay, «* Not that we 
are fufiicient of ourfclves to think any thing as of ourfelves, 
but our fufficiency is of God ?" And where then, my Lord, 
IS the abfurdity of afcribing the efFefls of expounding and 
preaching to the fole work of a divine Power ?' 

Again, (page 33.) " When they boaft of fudden and fur* 
prizing efFe£ls as wrought by the Holy Ghoft^ in confequence 
of their preaching." 

Where, my Lord, is the enthufiafm of fuch a pretcnfi«n ? 
Has your I^^rdfliip been a preacher in the church of England^ 
for fo many years, and have you never feen any fudden or fur- 
prizing efFe£ls, confequent upon your^ Lordfliip's preaching ? 
Was this my cafe, fliould I not have reafon to doubt, my 
Jxjrd, whether I had any more than a bare human commiffi- 
on ? Or might I not take up the Prophet's lamentation, " O 
piy leannefs, my leannefs !" My Lord, the gofpe],'like its 
author, is the fame yefterday, to-day, and for ever 5 and, if 
preached as it ought to be, will prick numbers to the heart, 
^nd e^^tort the cry of the trembling gdaler, " What muft I 
do to be faved !" as furely now, did feventeen hundred 
years ago. 

Thefe then are the fudden and.furprizing effeSs, my Lord, 
I always defire to have, and I heartily pray God, your Lord- 
.^ip and all your clergy may always fee fuch efFecSLs in confe-r 
Quence of their preaching. 

^Page 34.) ^* When they claim the fpirit oi prophecy ^* 

What I have faid about my fuccefs, God has been pleafcd 
tQ fulftl alre^y. What \ have f^id iiboi« fuiferiiigs, they who 


[ 15 ] 
without caufe are my enemies are fulfilling daily. And as for * 
the^promifes mentioned in my Journal, I freely own there are 
fomc particular promifes, which God has fo ftrongly impreflt 
ed, and does ftill imprefs on my heart, that I verily believe 
they will be fulfilled. 

(Page 35.) ** When they fpeak of themfelves in the 
language, and under the charadler of 4poJihs of Chrijiy and 
even of Christ himfelf." 

If I am not to fpeak in an apoftolical language, why did my 
Lord of Gloucejier give me an apoftolical commiffion, " whofe 
fins thou doft forgive, they are forgiven ; and whofe fins thou 
deft retain, they are retained ?" And I hope, my Lord, ufing 
the words which Jesus Christ ufed, is not taking upon me 
the charafter of Christ. 

(Page 36.) •* When they profefs to plant and propagate it 
nevt) Gofpety as unknown to the generality of minifters and 
people, in a chriftian country." 

*Tis true, my Lord, in one fenfe, mine is a new gofpeT, 
and will be always unknown to the generality of minifters and 
people, even in a chriftian country, if your Lordfhip's clergy 
follow your Lordfliip's direftions. For what fays your Lord- 
fliip, (page 46.) ** I hope, that when your minifters preach to 
you of jujiification by faith alone^ which is aflferted in the 
firongeft manner by our church, they explain it in fuch a 
manner, as to leave no doubt upon your minds, whether good 
works are a necejfary condition of your being juftified in the 
fight of God." 

But pray, my Lord, where has the fcripture made good 
works a neceflary condition of our being juftified in the fight 
of God? St. Paul fays, ** by grace ye are faved, througl> 
faith, not of works, and that, leaft any man fliouid bc^ft. 
For eternal life is the gift of God through Jesus Christ 
our Lord." Your Lordfliip exhorts your clergy to preach 
jujiification By faith alone^ and quotes the ijth article of ouf 
church, which tells us, *^ we are juftified by faith only, and* 
not for our own works or defervings." At the fame time, 
your Lordfliip bids them " explain it in fuch a manner, as to 
leave no doubt upon their minds, whether good works are a 
necefl&ry condition of their being juftified in the fight of 
Cop.*' Your LofdQiip^ in my opinion, could not well be 


[ i6 ] 

. gwHty of a greater inconfiftency. This, my Lord, is truly z 
new GefpiL I am Aire ic is not what the Apoftles preached ; 
and it is as contrary to the dodbinc of the church of England^ 
and the whole tenour of the gofpel, as light is contrary to 
darknefl. Had your Lord(hip infilled on your clergy's preach- 
ing up good works as a necejfary fruit and confequence, inftead 
of a neceflary condition of our being juftified, your Lordfhip 
would have ufed your authority aright. For we are command- 
ed to ihew forth of declare to others, that we have a true 
faith by our works. And the 12th article of our church fays, 
that ** good worksyi/fau; after juftification ;" and how then, 
my Lord, are they a neceflary condition of our juftification? 
No, my Lord, falvation (if the gofpel be true) is the free gift 
of God through Jesus Christ. Faith is the means where- 
by that falvation is applied to our hearts, and good works are 
the neceflary fruits and proof of that faith. 

This, my Lord, is the doSrine of Jesus Christ, this is 
the do£lrine of the church of England^ and it is, becaufe the 
generality of the clergy of the church of England do not preach 
this doSfriney that I am refolved, God being my helper, to 
continue inftant in feafon and out of feafon^ to declare it unto 
all men, let the confequences^ as to my own private perfon, 
be what they will. 

As for your Lordfliip's blaming me for raflily cenfuring the 
clergy, for their pradlice, none are concerned, but my indolent^ 
iarthlyi'minded^ pleafure-taking brethren^ (P^g^ 390 And furely, 
your Lordfliip will not ftand up in their defence. No, I hope 
your Lordfliip will not fail to rebuke them fliarply. And as 
for your Lordfliip's fufpicions, page 50. (For your Lordfliip's 
fake I would not mention them) I hope my life and doiSlrine 
will always prove them to be graundlefs. 

Would time permit, I could now proceed to fatJsfy your 
Lordfliip more particularly about the cafe of Mr. Benjamin Se^ 
ward: but as that is done in a letter fent to my Lord of Glou* 
ajler^ and as I am now to embark in a few hours, I hope your 
;pordfliip will excufe me, if I only add my hearty prayers for 
your Lordfliip's temporal and eternal welfare, and fubfcribe 
myfelf, my Lord, 

Vaur Lordfliip's obedient, though 

unworthy fon and fervant, 
Btendon, Mondiy, ' G. W. 

^ ii,^ .3. .;,.. ^^^ 

C «7 ] 

The letter above metHionedy as fent to the Bifbop ofGhu^ 
i^ir^ was occafioned by the Bifliop's acquainting Mr. IVhiu^ 
fiUj in a letter, *^ That he ought to preach only in that 
congregation to which he was lawfully appointed/' ^hia 
prodioced the following aafwer. 

Mf Lorij 

I Thank your Lordfliip for your Lordihip^s kind letter. 
My frequent removes from place to place prevented my 
anfwering it fooner. I am gr^tJy obliged to your Lordihip^ 
in that you are pleafed to watch over my foul, and to cautioii 
me agaiaft a£ting contrary to the commiiBon given 'me at or- 
dination. But if the commiffion we then receive, obliges us 
to preach no where but in that pariih which is committed to 
our care, then all perfons ad contrary to their commiffion 
when they preach occafionally in any ftrange place : and con- 
fequently your Lordfhip equally offends^ when you preach out 
of your own diocefe. As for inveighing againft the clergy^ 
(without a caufe) I deny the charge. What I fay^ I am 
ready to make good whenever your Lordfbip pleafes. Let 
thofe that bring reports to your Lordlhip about my preaching, 
be brought face to face, and I am ready to give them an an- 
fwer. St. Paul exhorts Timothy^ ^^ Not to receive an accufation 
againft an elder under two or three witnefTes." And even Nico^ 
iriRMCould fay, <' The law fufFered no man to be condemned 
unkeard.'^ I ihall only add, that I hope your Lord (hip will 
infpea into the lives of your other clergy, and cenfurc them 
for being avir^rimifs^ as much as you cenfure me for being 
mr-righteHU^ It is their falling from their articles, and not 
preaching the truth as it is in j£sus, that has excited the 
prefent zeal of (thofe Whom they in derifion call) the Metho* 
^ift preachirs. Dr. Subbirig^s fermon, (for which I thank your 
Lordfliip) confirms me more and more in my opinion, that I 
ought to be infta^nt in feafon and out of feaibn^. F6r to me, 
be feems to know no more of the true nature of regeneration, 
than Nicodimus did, when he came to Je5US by night. Your 
LordChip may obferve, that he does not fpeak a word of origi- 
nal fm, or the dreadful confequences of our fall in Adam^^ upon 
which the dodrine of the new birth is entirely founded. No : 
Vol. IV. B like 


I ( 

• V 

/ilJ- _ . 


A. ..;; . ... .,■ 




To tHB 


O F 


\^ritteft duriftg the Voyage to Philadelphia^ ^739 i 
and particularly fccommendcd to thofe who had 
then lately formed themfelves into Religious 
Societies in Svotknd^ 



mmi nwrnr-f 


I »5 1 

L E ft E R, &c. 

My^dear brethren in Chrifti 

THE Apoftlc in his epiftlc to tht Hebrews^ chap. x. 23. 
exhorts them to hold faft the profeffion of their faith 
without waveritig ; and foot! after adds^ as a moft efFe£l:ual 
means to fo defirable an end, ^' Let us coniider one another tp 
provoke unto love, and to good works; iiot forfaking the 
aflembling of ourftlves together.'' 

As chriftianity was not then the national religion, I fuppofe 
the afiemblies here intended^ were not fuch as our public con*- 
gregations, but rather little private fpcieties, or afibciations, or 
churches, as w^s the cuflom of the primitive 'chriftians, wh6y 
we are told, continued ftedfaftly in the Apoftle's dodrine^ ai\d 
in fellowflxip one with another. 

This was the Apoftle's exhortation to the chriftians of thofe 
jtlmes; and I am fully perfuaded there never was more occasion 
for renewing itj than the age wherein we live. 

Nothing hath of late more alarmed the enemies of the crdfs 
of Chri3T§ than the zeal that God hath ftlrred up in the 
hearts of many to pat in practice this apoftolical injun£lion. 
Balls, phys^ horfe-races^ and fiich like unchriftian and fatal 
entertainment^ are countenanced and fupported by public au- 
thority. And few as yet have had courage to fpeak, preach, 
ot Write for the fuppreffing them, fo plainly and publicly as 
they ought; butj if the children of God meet (as they are re- 
quired) to build up each other in their moft holy Faith, almoft 
every one's mouth is opened againft them. Nay, with grief 
it muft be fpoken, even many of our mafters in Ifraetj who 
ought to be patterns, and promote every good word and work, 
are not content with countenancing the polite and finful ji- 

B 4 verfiohs 

f «4 ] 

Vfrdons of the age by their prefence and approt^ion, but an? 
generally moft bitter in thei^ inve^ives againft religious foci- 
eties. The former, though dire£Uy contrary to our baptifmal 
vow, are deemed innocent, if not ufeful, by them : the latter, 
they are continually crying down (cfpccially if any life or di- 
vine power be amongft them) as fchifmatical, feditious, and 
tending to deftroy the prefcnt e(labli(hed conflitution. 

For thefe, and many fuch like reafons, I, as prefent with 
you in fpirit, though abfent in body, thought it my duty to 
^ut you in mind, zealoufly to perfift in your obedience to 
the forementioned injunction once delivered to the faints; 
and fo much the more, as in all probability the day of pefffie- 
cutJon nearer and nearer approaches* 

God has given an barveft, and there bas been a gathering 
in : a winnowing time will come. His fan is already in his 
hand. Yet a little while, and (if the work lately begun be^ 
carried on) I am perfuaded he will throughly purge his flour. 
The ihepherds muft firft be fmitten ; and next, endeavours 
will be ufed to fcatter the fheep. The religious focieties 
Satan has undoubtedly defired to have, that he may fift them 
as wheat. My brethren, watch and pray one for another, 
that you may be enabled to ftand in fuch an hour of tempta^ 
tion, and having done al), to ftand. 

Be not afbamed of that wherein you ought to glory. Re* 
ligioils fociety is of divine extradtion. As God made mafU 
fo God faid, ^^ It is not good that man (bould be alone : I 
will make ^ help meet for him/' Meet, a« I take it, not 
merely for his body (man had few corporal wants in paradife) 
but chiefly and primarily for his better part the foul, that he 
might have one to converfe with of his own fpecies, bone of 
his bone, and flefh of hi^ flefti. 

. It is true, man is now a fallen, but yet he is a focial crea* 
ture : and as the ei^ of his coming into this world was to 
prepare for a better ; fo without doubt the chief end of fociety: 
in general, and of religious fociety in particular, is, that we 
may be helps meet for each other in the great work of our 

Upon this account it was, that the firft chriftians fo fre« 
quently ailembled themfelves together, when obliged to (hut 
the doors for fear' of the Jews y and their continuing in fel- 


C ^ 1 

lowfliip with each other, was one main leafon why they c6n<* 
tiiiued ftedfaft in the apoftles dodlrine. 

Take dien^, my brethren^ the primitive chrifiians for your 
ciamples : their pradicet are recorded for our learning. No 
power on earth can lawfully forbid or hinder your imitating 
them. In all fuch cafes we muft obey God rather than man ; 
otberwiibj we fo far deny our holy profeifipn> and are ene- 
mies to the crofs of Christ ; and though, becaufe you have 
got a little out of the formal way, fome blind zealots majp 
•brand you as fchifmatical ; yet if you fear Gop, and truly 
4u)oour.the King, and are of the number of thofe who are 
quiet in the land, there is no reafon can be urged againft your 
(ixieties, which will not equally hold good againft all ailem* 
UiDg together for religious purpofes. 

In tbis.refpe£l, a private prelate has no more authority than 
a private prefby ter. If it be lawful for more than five to meet 
in a private veftry, it 19 equally lawful for more than five to 
meet in a private houfe ; is is the praflice of fome of the fo** 
cieties who are under the government of thofe called the 
Twelve Stewards. If it be enquired of you, by what autho* 
fity you ufe fometimes to pray without a premeditated form of 
words; you may enquire, ^' By what authority any one 
reads the church forms, who is not commiffioned fo to do, and 
that in any place but in the church,^' where only they are ap-» 
pointed to be read, and only by one fo commiffioned i If tb^ 
reply, ** We have Doctor lVood%vard^s form j" you may an- 
fwer them with this quefiion, <' What diflperence is there, in 
fefped to others, between a perfon's reading a form, which 
few that bear it know beforehand^ and a perfon's praying ex«» 
tempore, as the Holy Spirit gives him utterance ?'* If they 
laugh at the mention of " praying by the Spirit," brethren^ 
I hope you know better. Stand faft therefore in the liberty 
wherewith Christ has made you free ; and be not afraid, by 
iuch a pra^ice, to make innovations in the church, which 
docs not confine its members to forms, but within the church 
walls, nor even there altogether. In private affemblies, 
fuch as ypurs, all are left to their liberty ; and therefore, as 
many as would hinder you in this, at once difcover their piti- 
able ignorance of that conftitution they pretend to promote,^ 


t 26 I 

and an iihhi^y eftraiigemeilt from the Tpirit and privileges of 

How to improve your ine^tiiigs^ Co as beft to promote 
God's glory, land the good of youf owii fouls, ought to be 
^our confiant $nd chief concern : /or as chriftian^ iii general, 
Co members- of f^iigiobs fecieties in particular, are as citieA 
built upon a hill ; arid therefore it more highly concerns theoi 
to let their light fo (bine before men^ that they feeing their 
good works, may glorify our Father who is in heaven. 
. Not that a communion of perfect faints is to be eirpeSed 
here on earth : or that you ought to be immediately offended, 
tf ibme of your brethren ihould be overtaken with a fault. 
In this world, tares-wllI be always fpringing up araongft the 
wheati Many that are firft, will be laft, and the laft firft. 
Nay, it is well if fome, like Judas^ do not at length lay afide 
ibcir profeffion, and openly betray our Ma/ler. 

To prevent this, you ought to be very cauiiaus^ my brethren^ 
whom you adrpit into fellowfbip with you. Examine them 
again and again, not barely whether they receive the facra^ 
ment, and go to church ; but whether they be in the faith* 
Set them upon proving their own felves ; and by no means 
feceiiw them into yowr brotherhood, unlefs they can produce 
faficient^vidences of- their having tafted the good word of 
life, and felt the powers of the world to come. This, fome 
ipay objoA, is not a very- good way to increafe and multiply 
you as to number s but it is the beft, the only way, to efta* 
hiilh and increafe a communion of tru^ faints. And fuch a 
fociely, confifting of a few folid chriftians, is far preferable 
to ope thai is filled with a multitude of fuch as do not bring 
ioith fruit unto holinefs, but have only the fig-leaves of an 
outward piofeflion« Formal hypocrites will do any fotietjr 
more harm than good : and however they may endure for a 
^hile, and receive the word with joy ; yet,* having no root ha 
ibeckfcWeSy in time of temptation they ^ill fliamefully fall 

Next to your car^ about admitting others,' I think f( 
hi)^hly concerns you, whenever you afTeilible, to rmimber th4 
€Hd ot* meetings yourfelves ; and then (to ufe the worda of the 
wife {on of SifMih on another occafion) ^' you will never do 
aniifs.'* Now« the end of your meeting, brethren, is not that 
you may think yourfelves more holy than your neighbours^ 


I n ] 

much left to form a &d or fMrty, or promote i fcfairm or fe^ 
didon in . the chuicb 6r ftate. No : fuch thoughts, I truii^ 
ire far from you : for they «ce earthly, feaAial, devilifh. And^ 
if ever Tuch defigiks fhould .be fet on fck)t, I earneftly pray 
God the abettors of them may be deteded, and all their ^ 
ichemcs^ though never ib. plaufibly concerted, fall to the ' 
ground. The only* end which, I hope, you all propofe by 
your aflfeD9bHng yourfelnres together, is the iame for which .you 
were redeemed, *' Tbc renewing of your depraved natocci, 
and promoting tbe h^den life of Jesus Ch&iat in. your 
feula." Thefe terms, ' however foolifhnefs to others, I truft, 
jny brethren, are not To to you. I take it for granted, you 
are not only defirous of^ but already in. fome meafure blefled. 
With, a faviAg experimental knowledge of Jes-us Christ in 
your he^ts : /or unlefs a. man be born again from above,, and 
made a partaker of the divine nature 6y the indwelling of 
God's Holy Spirit, he can in no wife enter into the king- 
dom of: heaven. Whoever denies this to be true in the moft 
literal, real, -and abfolute feafe of the words, knows nothiiig 
yet as he ought to know : for it is grounded on a felf«-evident 
truth, that vi^e are fallen from Gop in Adamy and muft be re- 
newed in the fpirit of our minds, ere we can be reflored. to 
that hlifsful communion with him, which is the free gift of 
God and eternal life. 

The only way to this, is faith in Jesus Christ ; faith in con- 
^tradifttn^on to, ihough necefiarily produdive of, good workf* 
^S I. am the way^ the truth, and the life : whofoever bcjieveth 
on me, though be were dead, yet fball he live,'*, fays Chai sr 
himfelf. And I think it my 'bounden duty, to exhort you £lt . 
this dme,^ to contend earneftly for the dodrine of "Juftificativt 
by fttkb mif^ becairfe fo many blind guides .are lately ^one 
out into the world. My brethren, it is much to be feared 
that many of our prefent preachers are no better than dodfarinat 
papifts. And however this, to thofe who having eyes fee not, 
may be judged an uncharitable cenfure ; yet furely they can- 
nii9t joftly blame me for want of candour, who confider, that 
one of tbnnoft reputed orthodox prelates in the kingdom, in 
a late piRoral letter advif(?s his clergy, ^^ So to explain the 
dodhtoe of juftification in the fight of God by faith only, as 
to make j;ood works a neceflary condition.*' Such .advice 
5 from 

C 28 1 

from a Riman cardinal would be no more than we might ex* 
pe£l i but, cpming from a bifbop of the Church of Engkmi^ 
is furprifing, and much to be lamented. 

God forbid^ my brethren, that you (hould fo learn .Chris'H 
If the fcriptures are-true, fuch a dod^rine is abfoldtely falftf. 
The lively oracles no where declare good works to be a necieP- 
iary condition of our juftification in the fight of God ; on the 
jcontrary^ they every where affirm, that ^* Salvation is- th|; 
free gift of God, through Jesus CHRtsr our LomD : that 
we are- faved by grace through faith ; and that it is not of 
.works, left any man ihould boaft." ' N09 my brethren^ in the 
'great myftcry of man's redemption by Jesus Christ, boift^ 
ing is entirely excluded* 

: We muft not expeft to be favcd^ or any way i^ommeiffl 
4mrfelves to Gdd^ by any or all the works <xf rigbteoufnefs 
which we have done, or {ball, or tan do.- The LoRti 
-Qhrist is our-righteoufiiers>^-^otMr whole righteQufneft : iii^- 
puted to us, inftead of our own. *' We are compleat in'Mmj** 
jays the fcripture. *' We are accounted righteous bcfofe 
God, only for the merits of our Lord Jesus Cli1ti[yr,'by_ 
faith," faith the eleventh article of oiir church. And if foi 
how are good works, my brethren, anecefiary c(mditk)h^dF 
our juftification in the fight of God ? The law indeed faysy 
*' Do this, and live :'* but the gofpel brings us the gla(3 tM-> 
itig^r ^hat ^^ Christ is the end of ihe law for righteoufnefs 
16 every one that bclieveth.** Christ, by his facrifice^^ and. 
perfe^ obedience, bks every way fulfilled the law form'pah'd 
God will not require to be paid twice. Christ bought ddr 
juftification with a great price, even with his own blood. le 
comes to us freely, without any regard to works paft, prefenr^ 
or to come. This is the conftant language of Christ and 
his apoftles ; and therefore, to ufe the words of the foremeir^ 
tioned article, •' That' we are juftified by faith only, is -a 
moft wholefome do£b:ine, and very full of comfort.'* Ob- 
ferve, my brethren, juftified by or through faith, and riot fdr 
faith ; for faith is only a means or inftrument whereby the 
whole righteoufnefs of Jesus Christ is applied to the fin- 
ner's foul : and whofoever does thus believe in his heart, fet« 
ting to his feal that God is true, may be aflured that his par- 
don is fealed ia heaven i notwithftanding he has- lived in an^ 


[ a9 1 

open breach of God*5 commandments all his Mfc-time before, 
*^ Believe, (fays the 9poftle to the trembling jaylor,) and 
thou {halt be faved ;*' ^' Whofocver believeth that Jesus is 
the Christ, is born of God." So that this; faith will not 
be dead, idle or inadlive : for 'tis not a faith of the head, or 
a bare ailent to things credible as credible; the devils thus 
believe and tremble : but it is a faith of the heart, a living 
principle of new life, infufed into the foul by the fpirit of 
God, applying that inwardly, which was wrought for hiih- 
outwardly by the obedience and death of Jfisus Christ, and 
continually exciting the poiTeilbr of it to (hew it forth by his 
works i not as^neceflary conditions, but as proofs of his ju- 
ftification in God's fight ; and as fo many tokens of his gra- 
titude and love for what God has done for his foul.^ This is 
what the apoftle fliles a *^ Faith working by love." 

I cannot conclude this better than in the words of a truly 
evangelical writer now before me* '' The law (fayft thou) 
mtift l>e obeyed.'^ I anfwer, '< Christ Jesus hath done 
diat io his own perfon, and juftified me thereby ; and, for my 
own part, I will not labour now to fulfil the law for juftifica- 
tion, left I (hould undervalue the merits of the man Christ 
Jesus, and what he hath done without me; and yet will I 
labour to fulfil, if poffible, ten thoufand laws if there were 
fomany ; and O let it be out of love to my fweet Lord 
Jesus. For the love of Christ conftrains me." 

You fee, my brethren, this is a topic which I love to dwell 
upon. A divine fire kindles in my heart, whilft I am mufing 
on, ^nd writing to you about it : and I ihould here enlarge, 
but I muft haften to recommend to you another thing of un < 
fpeakable importance to the well-being of chriftian fociety, a 
fpirit of univerfal l^f. Let not bigotry or party- zeal be fo 
iQUcb as once named amongft you ; for it becometh not faints. 
Our LpRp was a ftranger to it. Whofoevcr did the will of 
his father, the fame was his brother, his fifter, his mother. 
Wherever he faw the marks of true faith, though in a centu- 
rion or a Syropbepidan^ who were aliens to the commonwealth 
of Ifraelj and ftrangers to the covenant of promife, how did 
be publifli and commend it ? Be followers then of him, my 
l)retbiep, 9s dear children '„ ^nd love 9U who love our Loro 


( 30 1 

}t$vs in fincerity and truth, ahhough they ihould not in all 
things follow with us. Pharifees and Sadducees, the (elf- 
righteous and free-thinkers of this generation, all the chil- 
dren of the devil, whether rich or poor, high or low, howi 
ever they may differ in other refpcds, yet agree in one thiQg, 
fven to confpire agatnft the Lord and againft his Christ, 
IVby (hould not the children of God, notwi.Hftanding thdr 
little differences, unite in one common intereft againft fpiji* 
fual wickedneffes in high places ? O that all who call them- 
felves cbriftians, were thus minded ! Ho^ (hould we fee the 
kingdom of Christ come with power, and Satan like light; 
ning fall from heaven ! From the beginning, it hath beep 
his policy to divide chriftians into fefls and parties, hoping 
not only to weaken their intereft, but to make them thereby 
believe, that religion wholly confifts in being of this or that 
{particular communion : and this fubtilty of that old ferpent 
hath fo prevailed, that though we all profefs to hold one 
Lord, one faith, one baptifm ; yet numbers look upon thofe 
Ivho differ from them, and that only in externals, almoft as 
creature* of another fpecies, and forbid us with fuch even Xq 
eat. This was once the ftate of ttie ynuijhj as it is now of 
the chriftian church ; — but God (hewed his diflike pf fuch a 
temper, by convincing Peter in a miraculous manper, thai 
he was henceforward to call nothing common or unclean, but 
freely to converfe with all who feared him and worked rigbte- 
o^fncfs, for that all fuch were accepted of him. My brethren, 
be not you difobedient to this heavenly vifion ; for our' fakes 
no doubt it was wrinen, and for as many as the Lord ouj 
God (hall call. The felf-righteous, and perhaps fome wh^ 
are weak in faith, will cenfure and condemn your condufi 
(as the brethren did Peter) when they behold your free con- 
vcrfation in Christ : but Peter has furni(hed you >yith ar 
bnfwer, " Forafmuch as God hath given to them the liki 
gift as to us, who believed on Jesus, what arc we, that wi 
(hould withftand God ?'* How dare we make a difference 
when God has made none ? How dare we not freely converfi 
with thofe who have received the Holy Ghoft, as well a 
we ?■ 


. [ 3« ] 

Further, my brethren, idontent nbt yourfelycs with rcadlnj^ 
finging and praying together 5 but fet foine time apart to con- 
fefs vour faults and communicate your experiences onQ to 
jmotner. For want of this (which I take to be one chief de- 
fign of private meetings) moft of the old focietes in London, I 
t»r, are funk into a dead formality, and have only a name to 
live. They meet on a f^bbath evening, read a chapter, and 
fittg a pfajm ; but feldom, if ever, acquaint each other with 
the operations of God's fplrit upon their (buls ; notwithftand- 
ing this was the great end and intention of thofe who firft be- 
gan thefe focieties. Hence it is that they have only the form 
6f g6dlirie(b left amongft them, and continue utter ftrangers 
to the ftate of one another's hearts. How love, or the power 
of religioin can fubfift in fuch a lukewarm and fuperficial 
way of proceeding, is very hard to conceive. My brethren^ 
let not your coming together be thus altogether in vain, but 
plainly and freely tell one another what God has done for 
your fouls. To this end, you would do well, as others 
have <^one, to form yourfelves into little companies of four 
or five each, and meet once a week to tell each other what is 
in your hearts ; that you may then alfo pray for and comfort 
each other, as need (hall require. None but thofe that have 
experienced it can tell the unfpeakable advantages of fuch a 
union and communion of fouls. By this means, brotherly 
love will be excited and ihcrcafed amongft you, and you will 
learn to watch over one another for good. This will teach 
you the better how to pray, and to give thanks for each other 
. in your private retirement, and happily prevent and deliver 
you from many fnares of the devil : for Satan loves that we 
ihould keep his temptations to ourfclves, but cares not fo 
much to meddle with thofe, who he knows will difcover his 
devices to their brethren; Befides, this is a moft efFe£tual 
'means for each to try the fincericy of his own heart, as well 
as another's. No one, I think, th^t truly loves his own foul, 
and his brethren as himfelf, will be fliy of opening his heart,' 
in order to have their advice, reproof, admonition, and pray- 
ers, as occafions require. A fincere perfon will efteem it one 
of the greateft bleflings j nor do 1 know a better means in the 
world to keep hypocrify out from amongft you. Pharifees 


c 3« ; 

and. unbelievers will pray, read, and fing pfalms; but none, 
five an Ifraeiite indeed, will endure tp have his heart fearched - 
out. '< He that hath ears to hear, let him hear/' 

Finally, my brethren, expe£t a large (hare of contempt ; . 
for Christ^s fervants were always the world's fools. ^^ As 
for this kSt or herefy, (faid the Jews to Paul^) we know it 
is every where (poken againft.'* And Paul himfelf, before con- 
verted, had authority from the chief priefts, to bring as manjf 
as he found of this way before them. Thus were the difci- 
pies of the Lord treated in the infancy of the church i and 
as it was formerly, fo it is and will be now. In our days, 
to be a true chriftian, is really to become a fcandal. If you 
were of the world, the world would love its own ; but if 
you are not of the world, and Christ has chofen you out 
of the world, for this very caufc the world moft afluredly 
llvill hate you. However it may feem ftrange to the natural 
man, yet there never was a true faint, who was not, like his 
Saviour, accounted befide himfelf. And they that will live 
gqdly in Christ Jesus, muft to the end of time fufFcr perfe* 
cution for his name's fake. 

But, God forbid, my brethren, that a little, nay, that 
all the contcdapt in the world, (hould any wife mov^ you away 
from the ftedfaft pnofeffion of the hope of the gofpel. Our 
Lord was dcfpifed before us j and you know the fervant 
muft not prefuftie to be above his mafter. No ; it is fufEci- 
ent if he be as his mafter, «* Made perfcft through fufFer- 
ings," Be ftedfaft therefore, my brethren, quit yourfelves 
like men, be flrong 5 yea, *' Be ftrong in the LoRl), ^nd in 
the power of his might." Be not aftiamed of the gofpel of 
Christ, but follow your mafter without the camp, bearing 
his facred reproach. When you arc reviled, revile not again. 
Blefs, my brethren, and curfe not. Be fubjeft to the higher 
power in all lawful things, and beware of all who would turn 
religion into fadion. Kemember again and again, that the 
weapons of our warfare are not carnal ; and that it is our 
glory, when called to it, patiently to fufter for the truth's 

Thus, my brethren, out of the fulnefs of my heart have I 

writccn unto you. Many of you I neyer yet faw, and per- 

6 haps 

[ 33 ] 
haps never may fee in the flelh ; however, T love . you in the 
bowels of Jesus Christ, and heartily befeech God to blefs 
what I truft his fpirit has now enabled me to write unto 
you. • 

You fee, my brethren, I have confined myfelf to fuch par- 
ticulars as relate to the improving your focieties, and making 
them truly chriftian. I hope you will in like maAner take 
heed to your ways in common life, and never give the adver- 
fary room juftly, to fpeak reproachfully of your conduft,^ My 
brethren, the eyes of all men are upon you. Indeed it highly 
concerns you to walk exceedingly circumfpe£l towards thofe 
that are without. I am fure you will not be offended, if, 
ou^of love, I remind you to perform all relative duties with 
the utmoft cheerfulnefs, and with a fingle eye to the glory of 
•God. Let your obedience be conftant, univerfal and uni- 
form, founded on a living faith in Christ Jesus, that by 
well-doing you may put to filence the flanders of foolifh and 
evil men. Let your fpeech, and all your anions, n^aniTefl: 
whofe difciples you are. Confefs your Lord publicly before 
men, and be not afraid to tell thofe that have ears to hear, 
what God has done fgr your fouls. It is good to keep clofe 
the fecrets of a king, but it is honourable to reveal the wprks 
of the Almighty. , Above all things, my brethren, have fer- 
vent charity among yourfelves. Bear ye one another's bur- 
dens, and fo fulfil the law of Christ. Be pitiful, be cour- 
teous, be tender-hearted i and let it be faid of you as of the 
primitive faints. See how thefe chriflians love one another. 
Fulfil all .righteoufnefs, by conflantly attending on every 
ordinance of God. Ufe, but not abufe th.e means of grace, 
by refting on them ; knowing that " The kingdom of God 
is not meats and drinks, but righteoufnefs, peace, and joy 
in the Holy Ghoft." Think that day lofl, wherein you do 
not make an advance in fomc of thefe. The work of regene- 
ration, though inftantaneous at firft, is progreifive afterwards. 
The feed fown in the heart muft be continually watered, 
otherwife it will not grow into a great tree. I pray God 
therefore to fan£lify you throughout, in fpirit, foul and body, 
and preferve you blamelefs till the coming of our Lord Jesus 
Christ with all his faints. Then all tears {hall be wiped 
Vol. IV. C away 


t 34 ] 

^way from your eyes, and we fhall fpcnd an cndlcfs eternity 
jn finging praifes tojiim that fitteth upon the throne, even 
unto the Lamb for ever and ever. Now unto Him that is 
able to keep you from falliVig, and to preferve you faultlefs 
t)efore the prefence of his glory with exceeding joy, to thq 
pnly wife God our Saviour, be glory and majefty, dominipr^ 
^pd power, both now and eyer. Amen ! 





O F 

Maryland, Virginia, North and 

C X 

t zi 3 

LETTER, ^c. 

Savannah J Jan. 23, 1740. 

AS I lately paflcd through your provinces, in my way 
hither, I was fcnfibly touched with a fellow-feeling of 
the miferies of the poor negroes. Could I have preached more 
frequently among you, I fliould have delivered my thoughts 
to you in my public difcourfes : but, as bufinefs here re- 
quired me to ftop as little as poffible on the road, I have no 
other way to difcharge the concern which at prefent lies upon 
my heart, than by fending you this letter. HoW you will 
receive it, I know not ; whether you will accept it in love, 
or be offended with me, as the n>after of the damfel was with 
Pjtt/forcafting the evil fpirit out of her, when he faw the 
hope of his gain was gone, is uncertain : but whatever be 
the event, I muft inform you, in the meeknefs and gentleneft 
of Christ, that I think God has a quarrel with you, for 
your abufe of arid cruelty to the poor negroes. Whether it 
be lawful for chriftians to buy flaves, and thereby encourage 
the nations from whence they are brought to be at perpetual 
war with each other, I {hall not take upon me to determine ; 
but fure I am it is finful, when bought, to ufe them as bad 
as, nay worfe than brutes : and whfatever particular excep* 
dons there may be^ (as I would charitably hope there are 
fome) I fear the generality of you that own negroes, are liable 
to fucb a charge ; for your flaves, I believe, work as hard, 
if not harder, than the horfes whereon you ride. 
Thefc, after they have done their work, afe fed and taken 
proper care of j but many negroes, when wearied with labour 
in your plantations, have been obliged to grind their own 
corn aftet they return home. 

C 3 Your 

C 3* 3 

Your dogs are careffed and fondled at your tables ; bat 
your flaves, who are frequently filled dogs or beafts, have not 
an equal privilege : they are fcarce permitted to pick up the 
crumbs which fall from their matters tables ; nay, fome, aa I 
have been informed by an eye-witnefs, have been, upon the 
rtioft trifling provocation, cut with knives, and have had forks 
thrown into their flefli. : not to mention what numbers have 
been given up to the inhuman ufage of cruel tafk-mafters, 
who by their unrelenting fcourges have ploughed upon their 
backs, and made long furrows, and at length brought them^ 
even to death itfelf, 

'Tis true, I hope, there are but few fuch monfters of bar- 
barity fuiFered to fubfift amongft you : fomfe, I hear, have 
been lately executed in Virginia for killing flaves ; and the 
laws are very fcvere againft fuch who at any time murder 

And perhaps it might be better for the poor creatures them- 
felves, to be hurried out of life, than to be made io miferable 
as they generally are in it* And indeed, confidering what 
ufage they commonly meet with, I have wondered, that we 
have not more inftances of felf-murder among the negroes, 
or that they have not more frequently rifen up in arms againft 
their owners. Virginia has been once, and Charles-Toiun more 
than once, threatned in this way. 

And though I heartily pray God, they may never be per- 
mitted to get the upper hand j yet, fliould fuch a thing be 
permitted by providence, all good men muft acknowledge the 
judgment would bejuft. For is it not the higheft ingrati- 
tude, as well as cruelty, not to let your poor flaves enjoy 
^Ibme fruits of their labour ? 

^, When pafling along, whilft 1 have viewed your planta- 

.tlons cleared ;ind cultivated, many fpacious houfes built, and 

the ow^ners of them faring fumptuoufly every day,- my blood 

has frequently almoft run cold within me, to confider how 

many of your flaves had neither convenient food to eat, 

nor proper raiment to put on, notwithftanding. mod of tHe 

comforts you enjoy, were folely owing to their indefatrga- 

. ble labours. The fcripture fays, " Thou ihalt not muzzjc 

the ox that treadeth out the corn." Does God take cafe 

of oxen? And will he not take care of the negroes alfo? 

I Undoubtedly 

t 39 ]; 

Undoubtedly he will. . ** Go to how, ye rich men, wee/J 
dnd fiowl for your mifcries that (hall come upon you.'^ 
Behold the provifion of the pooi* negroes Which hive reaped 
down your fields, which is by you dehied theili, cfieth^ 
3nd the cries ^of them who reaped, ate entered into the ears of 
the Lord of Sabaoth, We have a remarkable inftance of 
God's taking cognifarice, and avenging the quatrel, of pooij 
flaves, 2 Sam. Xx\, i. ** Then there was a famine in the dayi 
of David, three years, year ^fter year ;* and David enquired 
of the Lord. And the Lord anfwered. It is for Saul and 
his bloody houfe, becaufe he flew the GibeoniUs.'* Twd 
things are here very remarkable ; firft, that thefe Gibeonitei 
were only hewers of wood and drawers of Water; or, in othci? 
words, flives like yours. Secondly, that this plague Was fent 
by Got), many years after the injury, the catife of the plague^ 
was committed. And for what end was this and fiich likd 
examples recorded in holy fcripture ? Without doubt for ouf 
learning, upon whom the ends of the world are come : foif 
Goi> is the fame to-day^ as he Was yefterday, and will con- 
tinue the fame foi' ever. He does not irejeft the prayer of the 
poor arid deftitute^ nor difregard the cry of the riieaneft ne- 
groes : their blood which has been fpilt, for thefe mariy year§ 
in your refpeftive provinces, will afcend op to heaven againlt 
you ; I wifli I could foy^ it would -/peak better things than 
the blood of AbeL But this is not all. Enflaving or mifufing 
their bodies, comparatively fpeaking, would be an iAcohfider- 
able evil, was proper car:i taken of their fouls : but 1 have 
great reafdii to believe, that tooft of yoa on piirpofe keepf 
your negroes ignorant of chriftianity ; or otherwife. Why arc 
they permitted through your provinces openly to profane the 
Lord's day, by their dancing, piping, and fuch like? I 
know the general pi^tence for this negleft of their fouls, is, 
that teaching them chriftianity would make tbeol proiid, and 
confequently unwilling to fubmit to flavery. Butwhatac 
dreadful refleftion is this upon your holy religion ? What 
blafphemous notions muft thofe have, that make fach an 
objedion, of the precepts of chriftianity ! Do you find any 
one command in the gofpel, that has the leaft tendency td 
make people forget their relative duties ? Do you not ready 
that fervants, and as many as are under the yoke of bond- 

C 4 ^ .gc. 

C 40 ] 

age, are required to be fubje£t in all lawful things to tbeir 

mafters, and that not only to the good and gentle, but 

alfo tQ the froward ? Nay, may not I appeal to your owi 

hearts, whether deviating from the Jaws of Jesus Christ, 

18 not the caufe of all the evils and miferies mankind now 

vniverfally groan under, and of ail the vices we fi^jd both 

in ourfelves and others ? Certainly it is. And therefore the 

reafon why fervants generally prove fo bad is, becaufe fo 

little care is taken to breed them up in the nurture and ad«- 

monition of the Lord. But fome will be fo bold perhaps 

^s to reply, '* That a few of the negroes have been taught 

chriftianity, and notwithftanding have been remarkably worft 

than others.*' But what chriftianity were they taught? 

They were baptized, and taught to read and write : and this 

they may do, aad much more, and yet be far from the 

kingdom of God.; for there is a vaft difference between 

civilizing and chriftianizing a negroe. A black as well as a 

white man, may be civilized by outward reftraints, and after* 

wards break through thofe reilraints again ; but I challenge 

the world to produce a fmgle inftance of a negroe's being 

made a thorough chrifiian, and thereby made a worfe fervant : 

it cannot be. But further, if the teaching flaves chriftianity 

hasfucb a bad influence upon their lives, why are you gsoerally 

defirous of having your children taught ? Think you, they 

are any way better by nature, than the poor negroes ? No, 

in nowife. Blacks arejuft as much, aad no more^, conceived 

and born tn fin, as white men are: both, if born and bred 

up bere^ I am perfuaded are naturally capable of the fame 

improvement. And as for the grown negroes, I am apt ta 

^hink, whenever the gofpel is preached with power amongft 

them, that many will be brought eiFe£lually home to Gqih 

Your^refent and paft bad ufage of them, however ill-d«* 

figned. may thus far do them good, jas to break their wills^ 

increafe.the fenfe of their natural mifery,. and cenfequemljf 

better difpofe their minds to accept the redemption wrought 

out for them by the death and obedience of Jesus Christ* 

Not long fiuce, Gox> hath been pleafed to make fome of 

the negroes in New-England^ yOflJels of mercy ; and fome, I 

hear, have been brought to cry out <' What ihall we do to 

be faved ?" in the province of Pfnfylvania. Doubtlefs there 

5 " '^ 

r 41 3 

b^^ fimlfc} ^when ihe fulnefs of the Gentiles will come in ; 
tuki then, I believe, if not before, thefe defpifed flaves 
will find the gofpel of Christ to be the power of God 
to their falvation, as well as we. But I know, all argu- 
ments to prove the neceflity of taking care of your negroes 
ibuls, though never fo conclufive, will prove inefFeSual, till 
you are convinced of the neceffity of fecuring the falvation 
of your own. That you yourfelves are not eflFedtually con- 
vinced of this, I think is too notorious to want evidence. 
A general deadnefs as to divine things, and not to fay a 
general profanenefs, is difcernible both in paftors and people, 
i Moft of you are without any teaching prieft. And what- 
ever quantity of rum there may be, yet I fear but very few 
bibles are annually imported into your different provinces. 
God has already begun to vifit for this, as well as for other 
wicked things. For near two years laft paft, he has been in 
a remarkable manner contending with the people of Soutb-Ca^ 
fKna : their houfes have been depopulated with the fmall 
pox and fever, and their own flaves have rifen up in arms 
agatnft th^kn. Thefe judgments are undoubtedly fent abroad, 
not only that the inhabitants of that, but of other provinces, 
(hould learn righteoufnefs : and unlefs you al^ repent, you 
all muft in like manner expedt to periih. God firft generally 
corre&t'us with whips : if that will not do, he muft cha- 
ftife us with fcorpions. A foreign enemy is now threatning 
to invade you ; and nothing will more provoke God, to give 
you up as a prey into their teeth, than impenitence and un* 
belief. . Let thefe be removed, and the fons of violence (hall 
not be able to hurt you : no ; your oxen (hall be ftrong to 
labour ; there {hall be no decay of your people by epidemical 
ficknefs ; no leading away into captivity from abroad ; and 
no complaining in your ftreets at home. Your fons (hall 
grow up as young plants, and your daughters be as the 
poliflied corners of the temple : and, to fum up all bleffiogs 
in one, " Then (hall the Lord be your God.'' That you 
may be the people who are in fuch a happy cafe, is the 
earneft prayer of, 

Your fincere well-wi(her and fervant in Christ, 


L E T T E R 



O F T H E 

P R E s B Y T BRIAN Perfuafion, 


Certain Scruples lately propofed, in proper 
Queries raifed on each Remark. 



I « I 

J. E T T E R, ^e. 

My dear Frienih New-iTori^ Nov. I, 1740. 

LAST night and Jthis inorntng I read your queries an4 
(cmplcs. Whether they were compiled by church^* 
members, or minivers of the prefhyterian perfuafion^ I £bal^ 
pt take upon me to determine. I think I may fay with /)«• 
vidj though on another occaiion, *' JoQt*9 hand if in tbis.*^ 
jU'your minifters were really the authors, and you only their 
reprefcntatives, .tl^ey have not aded fimply. They had bettejr 
jiave fpoken out. I fhould as readily have anfwered them as 
you. Solomon fays^ ^* He that h^teth reproof, is bruti(h/' And 
if I know any thing of my own heart, I ihould think myfelf 
obliged to any one that convince^ me of an error, either 10 
principle .or pradice. I therefore aflure you, that I do ooc 
find the leaft refentment fiirring in my foul againft thofe (who* 
prer they be) that propofed the queries, or againft the reverend 
prdO^yterj that advifed you to fend them to me in a public 
inanner : no, I rejoice in it ; becaufe it gives tfKt an opportii» 
nity of doin^ \irhat my friends know I have for ibme timf 
proppfed, die corre6ling fome paflages in my printed fermont* 
I Ihiiijc it fio^iihonoiirt to retrad fome exprcffions that for* 
merly dropped from my pen, before God was pleafed to give 
me a more dear knowledjge of the dodrines of grace, St. 
Af/iin^ I think, did to before me. The Lo&o's dealing with 
me was fiamewhat out of the comoMm wagr. 1 cao bj^ to the 
hofioar of vsh free diftinnifliiiig gface, chat I received the 
Spirit of adoption hiefaic \ had convcrled with one man, fff 
lod a fii^ book, om the dodrine of .^ Free joftificatioo hf 
Che impotod ri^tcpalbcis of Jesus Cheist*^ No fropdcT 
dicn, diat I was not (o dear in ibmc poiAta at wtf firft fecting 
901 ia tke miiiiftry. Oar Lofto was plcaM 19 iplifl^tieii mc 


C 4^ 

by degrees ; and I defire your prayers, that his grace may 
ihine more and more in my heart, till it breaks forth into pcr- 
fcft day. 

But to come to the exceptionable paflages in my fermons. 
You blame me for faying, 

Vol. II. page 17. " That Adam was adorned with all the 

perfe£tions of the Deity." It is a wrong expreffion : I would 

* correct it thus : ** All the moral communicable perfedions of 

the Deity." Again, " Man was the perfeflion of the moral 

and material world : let 1% fland thus : *' The perfefHon of 

' all the vifihle world." 

Vol. 11. page 22 and 23. ** Waflics the guilt of fin away 
•by the tears of a fincere repentance, joined with faith in the 
blood of Jesus Christ." This is falfe divinity : I would 
now alter it thus : ** Recovers his former peace, by renewing 
his afts of faith on the perfedl rightcoufnefs of Jesus Christ.** 

Vol. 1.' page 79." " And which alone can render any of 
our aftions acceptable in God's fight.*' It (hould be, ** And 
without which, any of our ai^ions cannot be acceptable in 
God's fight." 

Vol. I. page 16. *^ Who vainly depend on their own 
Tighteoufnefs, and not on the rightcoufnefs of Jesus Christ, 
imputed to, and inherent in them, as neceflary for their eter- 
nal falvation." To avoid all miftakes, I would exprcfs my- 
fdf in this manner, ** Who have neither Christ's righteouf- 
nefs imputed to them, for their juftification in the fight, nor 
holinefs wrought in their fouls as the confequence of thac^ in 
order to make them meet for the enjoyment of God." 
• Vol. I. page 7. For, *' To qualify us for being favingfy 
in Christ," read, ** To qualify us for living efernatfy with 

The feeming contradiQion in my fermon. Vol. II. p. liS. 
compared with p. 137. I think may be reconciled by that paf» 
fage of the Apoftle, " After you believed, you were fealed by 
the Spirit of promife." Your arguing on this head, p. 21. fee- . 
tion vii. I think is not fo clear. Might you not aS reafonably 
have blamed Jesus Christ for faying to a dead man, ♦' La* 
9U7ra/, come forth ?" However, inftead of quickening Spiriti 
vol. II. p. 137. let it be read, ^' fanftifying Spirit." . ». 

- ■ . -i .*• i ■ 


' [ 47 1 

Vol. II. p. 33. ^^ The man Christ Jesus is fplrltually 
formed in your hearts.'* I would alter it thus, /' That 
Christ is formed within you." 

Vol. I. p. 53. *' The many fouls that are nourifhed 
weekly by the Ipiritual body and blood of Jesus Christ by 
your means." Let it be altered for thefe words, ,** Nourifhed 
weekly at the Lord's fupper by your means. 

T fee no reafon to alter my explanation of the words, 
** Baptizing them into the nature of the Father, Son, and 
Holy Ghoft;" and, " Christ fpiritually conceived in the 
heart of Eve ;" I mean no more by thefe expreffions than the 
Apoftle, when he fays, *' Know ye not that Christ is ia 
you, unlefs you be reprobates ?" And again, *^ No one can 
call Christ, Lord, but by the Holy Ghoft." And again, 
«« Wc are made partakers of a divine nature." Vol. II. p. izZ. 
thefe words [in the Lord's prayer] may be left out : though, 
if the word name fignifies God's attributes, according to your 
own.confeffion, why may it not fignify his eflencc? What 
arc God's attributes but God himfelf ? 

Vol. I. p. 14. After, " eflential ones too," infcrt, ** if 
perfons are capable of performing them." 

Thefe, if I miftake not, are all the paffages in my fermont^ 
which you objeil againft. And now to convince you, that I 
am not afhamed to own my faults, I can inform you of other 
paffages as juftly exceptionable. In my fermon on juflijuatloff^ 
I feem to aflert univerfal r4dempttony which I now abfolutely 
deny. In my almoji cbrlfliany I talk of works procuring us fo 
high a crown. In my fermon on the marks of the new-ltrthj 
I fay, *' We fhall endure to the end, if we continue fo. Thefe, 
and perhaps fome other paflages, though capable of a candid 
interpretation, I now diflike ; and in the next edition of my 
iermons, God willing, I propofe to alter them. In the mean 
while, I fliall be thankful to any that will point out my er- 
rors ; and I promife, by divine af&ftance, they (hall have no 
reafon to fay, ** That I am one who hates x^ be reformed.** 
*^ Let the righteous (inite me, it ihall be a kindnefs ; and let 
him reprove me, and it (hall be an excellent oil, which (halt 
not break my head : for yet my prayer alfo fliall be \n their 


-[ 48 ] 

As for your infinuating, that I countenance Mr. /^IffliyAn 
his errors, it is no fucb thing. I prefaced Ha^urton's Me* 
rooirs before I faw what Mr. fFeJley had written ; and fincc I 
have feen U> have more than once faid, ^^ If I had knowa 
what Mr. ff^fjley had written, I would not have prefaced Ha* 
Ifturtoff at all. I do not underftand Mr. fFeJley in his inter- 
pretation of thefe words, <* He that is born again of GoD, 
flnneth not^ and therefore have torn ofF that part of his pre« 
face, out of feveral of thofe books which I have given aWay 
lately, and have acquainted him in what I think in this par« 
ticular he errs, by fundry letters. 

You wrong me, if y6u think I am an Antinomian. For 
when I fay, ** God made no fecond covenant with Adam^^ I 
mean no more than this : '* God made no fecond covenant 
with Adam in his own perfon in behalf of his pofterity ; nor 
did man's acceptance in the fight of God, after the fall, de- 
pend, either wholly or in part, on his works, as before the 
/all." Whoever reads the author of The Whole Duty of Man^ 
will find he thinks otberwife ; and I believe your friends in 
Scotland will .not thank you for defending that book, as you 
Icemfngly have done in your late queries. 

Your objections, concerning my favourable opinion of fom6 
particuUr.quakers that I have converfed with ; and alfo abou( 
fome particular promifes, which I think have been made me, 
you may find fatisficd in my •* Anfwer to the Bi(hop of Lon^ 
don's laft Paftoral Letter," and in a " Letter to theBifhop of 

I am no friend to cafling lots ; but I believe, on extraordi- 
nary occafions, when things can be determined no other way, 
God, if appealed to, and waited on by prayer and failings 
will anfwer by lot now, as well as formerly. 

Do not condemn me ftr preacliing extempore jZni for faying^ 
J zyci helped often immediately in that cxercife ; when thoufand^ 
(can prove, ak well as myfelf, that it has been fo.- Neither 
(hould you cenfurc me as one that would lay afide reading* 
I am of Bifhop Saiiderfons mind : ^^ Study without prayer, is 
atheifm ; prayer without ftudy, prefumption." Blame not 
fne, for the warmth of fome of my adherents,, as you call 
them. One of your minifters knows, how (halrpiy I rebuked 
one of them for his warmth, at Forks-Manor. I am for loving 
as brethren, and wi(h all would copy afcer the lowly Jfisus. 


C 49 ] 

Fat then I cannot dircommend thofe (fuppoflng they do it in 
the fpirit of ^feeknef^ ) who exclaim againft dry, fapleik^ un- 
converted minifters. Such furely are the bane of the chriftian 
church* But myrother affairs will not permit me to enlarge, 

Sdme of the latter part of your queries, for your own, and 
not my own fake, I (hall not mention. I hope I can fay with 
more fincerity than Ha%aeU ^^ Is your fervant a dog, that he 
fliould do'* what you fuggeft ! But I pray GoD to forgive' 
you. He knows my heart. My one defign is to bring poor 
fouls to Jesus Christ. I defire to avoid extremes, fo as not 
to be a bigot on the one hand, or confound order and decency 
on the other. And I could heartily wifli the reverend pref*: 
bytery, when they advifed you to publKh your queries, bad 
alfo cautioned you againfl: dipping your pen in fo much gall. 
Sarely your insinuations are contrary to that charity, which 
hopeth aiul believeth all things for the bell. And I appeal to 
your own hearts, whether it was right, efpecially fince you 
heard the conftant tenor of my preaching in Amerita has been 
Mnijlicaly to cenfure me as a Papifi or Arminian^ becaufe a 
few unguarded expreffions dropped from my pen, juft as I 
came from the univerfity of Oxford. Could Archbiihop Til- 
l^fin^ or the Author of The Whole Duty of Man ^ (ay fo ? But 
I have done. The Lord be with you ! I am a poor fnlil 
cnaturc. And as fuch I befeech you to pray for 

Your affedionate friend and fervant» 

Georcc WHitericm* 

Vm. lY. D A LET- 




To the Reverend 


In Answer to his 




But when Peter was come to Antiocb^ J witbjiood bim 
U the Facey iecaufe he was t<f be blamed. 

Gal. iu ii« 

D 1 

■' ■ ''-1 1 ^- 

[ 53 J 



Rev. Mr. John WesleIt. 

Ill ^ t I ■iViiiitii'l la^iiifi iit< I •■■ 

. P R E P A C £. 

TJm vtry weU mmorty ibhat different effei^t the fublijhlng thfi 
Letter againft the diar Mr. Wcfley'i Sermon wiU produce.^ 
Mtmy of my friends^ thai areftrenuous advocates for univerfal Re- 
demption, will immediately be offendedi Many that are vualous 
on the other fide J will be much rejoiced. They that are tuke-wamt 
01 both fides^ and are carried axxktf with carnal reafoningi mil 
wijb this matter bod never been brought under debate. The rmfan 
Ihave ghen at the beginning of the letter ^ I think Ore fufficitiA ii 
foAsfy ally of my condu^ herein. I defire therefore^ thai they wb$ 
bold^l^iovL would not triumpb:^ or maki a party on om Aandi 
(for idetefi anyfuch thing) and that they wbS are preyudiad agais^ 
that define J be not too much concerned or offended on the other* 
Known unto Ood are all his Ways front thi beginning of the worUU 
The great day will difco^er^ why the Lord permits dear Mr* 
We&cy and me to be of a different way of thinking. Jt pmefesttf 
ijhall tuaie no inquiry into that matter^ beyond the neconnt wbUk 
he has given of it Umfelf in the following letttr^ Which I lateiy 
reteividfrom bis own dear bands. 

O 3 Jl^ 

I 54 } 

Jkfy dear Brother J London, Auguft 9, 174a* 

T Thank you for yours y May the 24/A. The cafe is quite plain* 

There are bigots both for frtdejiination and againjl it. God 

is fending a meffage to thofe on either fide. But neither will re'^ 

ceivi it^ unlefsfrom one wha is of their own opinion. Therefore^ 

for a time you are fuffered to be of one opinion^ and^ I of another. 

But when his time is come^ God will do what man cannot ^^ namely ^ 

make us both of one mind. Then perfecution will flame ffut, and 

it will be feen whether we count our lives dear unto ourfelveSy fa 

that we mayfinijb our courfe with joy. I anu my deareji brother^ 

Ever your Sy 

J. Wesley. 

Thus my honoured friend^ 1 heartHj pray God to hajteto the timej 
for his being clearly enlightened into all the doSlrines of divine nev'e^ 
lation^ that we may thus be clofely united in principle andjudgmenty 
as well as heart and affeSiion. And then if the Lord Jkould call 
us to it^ I care not if I go with him to prifon^ or to death. For 
like Paul tfwdf Silas, I hope wejhallftng praifes to Gody and count 
it our higheji honour to fuffer for CbriJTsfakey and to lay down 
our Svesfor the brethren. 

Bethefda in Georgiaj Dec. 2^ I74<>» ' 
Reverend and very dear Brother^ 

GOD only knows, what unfpeakable fonrow of heart I 
have felt on your account, fince I left England \2Slt. 
Whether it be my infirmity or not, I frankly confefs, that 
Jonah could not go with more rek6iance againft Ninevtby 
than I now take pen in hand to write againft you. Was na- 
ture to fpeak, I had rather die than do it 1 and yet if I am 
faithful to God, and to n^ own and other's fouls, 1 muft not 
fbnd neuter any longer. I am very apprehenfive, that our 
common adverfaries will rejoice to fee us differing among 
.ourfelves. But what can I fay? The chiMren of God are m 
• danger of falling into error. Nay, numbers have bee» mifled, 
whoflEi God )^& been pleafed to work upon by my mtntftry, 
and a greater number are ftill calling aloud upon me, Uy (bew 
alfo my opinion | I muft then (bew, that I know bo motn 
after the flefb, and that I have no reipcdt to perfons^ any 


c -55 y 

further than is confiftent with my duty to my Lord and 
Alafter, Jesus Christ. 

This letter, no doubt, will lofe me many friends : and fot 

this caufe, perhaps God has laid this difEcuIt taflc upon me, 

even to fee whether I am willing to forfake all for him, or 

not. From fuch confiderations as thefc, I think it my duty 

to bear an bumble teftimony, and earneftly to plead for tho 

tniths, which I am convinced, arc clearly revealed in the 

word of God. In the defence whereof I muft ufe great plain-^ 

nefs of fpeech, and treat my deareft friends upon earth with 

the greateft fimplicity^ faithfulnefs and freedom, leaving the 

conrequences of all to God. 

For fome time before, and efpecially fince my laft depar* 
turefrom England^ both in public and private, by preaching 
and printing, you have been propagating the do£trine of uni^ 
y^fal redemption. And when I remember, how Paul reproved 
Peter for his diffimulation, I fear I have been finfully filent 
too long. O then be not angry with me, dear and honoured 
Sir, if now I deliver my foul, by telling you, that I think- 
in this you greatly err. 

'Tis not my defign to enter into a long debate on GoD'd' 
decrees. I refer you to Dr. Edwards his FerJtas Redux^ which^ 
I think, is unanfwerable, except in a cei'tain point, concern-^ 
ing a middle fort between ele^ and reprobate, which he him* 
kV in cffcA afterwards condemns* 

I (hall only make a few remarks upon your fermon, entitled; 
Free-Grace^ And before I enter upon the difcourfe itfelf, give 
mc leave to take a little notice of what, in your preface, you 
t^rm anindifpenfible obligation, to make it public to all the 
^orld. I muft own, that I always thought you were qiiite 
^ftaken upon that head. The cafe (you know) ftands thusl 
W'hen you was at Brijlol^ I think you received a letter from a 
private band, charging you with not preaching the gofpel, 
l^ccaufe you did not preach up ele^ion. Upon* thf» you drevi^ 
* lot: the anfwer was ^^ preach and printf* ^I'have oftfea 
SMeftipned, as I do now, whether in fo doingy you did not 
^^Q^^th^ Lord* A due exercife of religious prudence, with« 
^uu Iq^ would have diccfled you in that matter. Befides, I 
*|ever heard that you enquired of God, whether or not elec- 
tion wa» a gofpel do£trine ? But I fear, taking it for granted* 

D4 it 

C 5« ] 
it was not, you only enquired, whether you (hould be filen^^ 
or preach and print againft it? However this be, the lot came 
out ^^ preach and print '^* accordingly you preached and printed 
againft eleSion. At my defire, you fupprcffcd the publifhing 
the fermon whilft I was in England; but foon fcnt it into the 
world after my departure. O that yoi/had kept it in ! How- 
ever, if that fermon was printed in anfwer to alot, I am apt 
to think, one rcafon, why God fhould fo fufFer you to be 
^ceived, was, that hereby a fpectal obligation might be laid 
vpon me, faithfully to declare the fcripturc dbdlrine of elec- 
tion, that thus the Lor^d might give mc a frefh opportunity of 
feeing what was in my heart, and whether I would be true to 
his caufe or not; as you could not but grant, he did once be- 
fore^ by giving you fuch another lot at Deal. The morning 
I failed from Deal for Gibralter^ you arrived from Georgia. In- 
ftead of giving me an opportunity to converfe with you, though 
tiie (hip was not far off the Ihore ; you drew a lot, and im- 
mediately fet forwards to London. You left a letter behind 
you, in which were words to this effect. << When I favv 
God, by the wind which was carrying you out, brought me 
in, I aiked counfel of God. His anfwer you have enclofed/* 
This was a piece of paper, in which were written thefe words. 
** Let him return to Lvndon!^ 

When I received this, I was fomewhat furprized. Here v^ks 
a good man telling me, he bad caft a lot, and that God would 
have me return to Lmtdon. On the other hand, \ knew fnjr 
call was to Georginy and that I had taken leave of London, and 
could not juftly go from the foldiers, who were committed to 
my charge. I betook myfelf with a friend to prayer. That 
paffage in the firft book of KingSj chap. 13. was powerfully 
imprefled upon my foul, where we are told, «* That the Pro- 
phet was flain by a lion, that WHs tempted to go back, (con- 
trary to God's exprefs order) upon another Prophet's telling 
him God would have him do fo." I wrote you word, that I 
could not return to LonAm. We failed immediately. Some 
months after, I received a lett^ from you at Georgiaj wherein 
you wrote words to this tSt&. ** Though God never before 
gave me a wrong lot, yet, perhaps, he fuffered me to have fuch 
a lot at that ttme» to try what was in your heart.'^ I (hould 
never have publiftcd this privatc^trfliiifadbn tothe world, did 


[ 57. ] 

Dot the glory, of God call me to iu It is plain you had z 
wrong lot given you here, and juftly, becaufe you tempted 
God In drawing one. And thus I believe it is in the prefent 
cafe. And if fo, let not the children of God, who are mine 
and your intimate friends, and alfo advocates for univerfal u^ 
demptim^ think that doArine true, becaufe you preached it up 
in coKDpliance with a lot given out from God. 

Thisi I think, may ferve as an anfwer to that part pf the 
preface, to your printed fermon, wherein you fay, '* nothing 
but the ftrongeft convidlion, not only that what is here ad* 
vanced is the truth as it is in Jesus, but alfo that I am indif- 
penfibly obliged to declare this truth to all the world/' That 
you believe what you have written to be truth, and that you 
honeftly aim at God's glory in writing, I do not in the leaft 
doubt. But then, honoured Sir, I cannot but think you have 
been much miftaken, in imagining that your tempting God, 
by rafting a lot in the manner you did, could lay you under 
an indifpenftble obligation to any a£iion, much lefs to publifb 
your fermon againft the dodbine of predejlination to life. 

I muft next obferve, that as you have been unhappy in print- 
ing at all, upon fuch an imaginary warranty fo you have been 
as unhappy in the choice of your text. Honoured Sir, how 
could it enter into your heart, to chufe a^Jt^^t to difprove the 
dodbine of ele£tion, out of the StKof tkc\fiomanSj where this 
doflrine is fo plainly aflerted, tl)a|| once , talking with a quaker 
"Pon this fubjedl, he had no other way of evading the force 
of the Apoftlc's affertion, than by faying, "I believe Paul 
^as in the wrong." And another ^i^d lately, who was once 
bighly prejudiced againft election, Uigenuoufly confefled, '* that 
l^ufed to think St. Paul himfe)f was miftaken, or that he was 
not truly tranflated." , 

Indeed, honoured Sir, it is plain, beyond all contradiction, 
tbat St. Paul^ through the whole eighth of the Romans^ is 
fpeaking of the privileges of thofe only who are really in 
Christ. And let any unprejudiced perfon read what goes 
before, and what follows your text, and he muft confefs the 
word ALL only fignifies thofe thatare in Christ^ and the lat- 
ter part of the text plainly proves, what, I find, dear Mr. 
fyeflijV9\% by no means, grant, I mean the final perfeverance 
^ the children of God. •*< He that fpared not his own Son, 
\ but 

C 58 J 

but delivered him u^ for us sill, (/• e. all Saints) how (hall be 
not with him alfo freely give us all things." Grace, in parti- 
cular, to enable us to perfevere, and every thing clfe neceffafy 
to carry us home to our Father's heavenly kingdom* 

Had any one a mind to prove the dodlrine of ekilion^ as 
well as of final perjeverance^ he could hardly wi(h for a text 
more fit for his purpofe, than that which you have chofcfl to 
difprove it. One that does not know you, would fufpe£t yoU 
yourfelf was^fenfible of this : for after the firft paragraph, I 
fcarce know whether you have mentioned it fo much as once^ 
through your whole fermon. 

But your difcourfe, in my opinion, is as little to the pur« 
pofe as your text, and inftead of warping, does but more and 
more confirm me in the belief of the doiSlrine of God's eternal 

I {hall not mention how illogically you have proceeded* 
Had you written clearly, you (bould firft, honoured Sir, have 
proved your propofition, '' that God's grace is free to all,*' 
and then by way of inference, exclaimed againft what you call 
r^the horrible decree^ But you knew that people (becaufe armi^ 
^mamfniy of late, has fo much abounded among us) were ge« 
xieraily prejudiced againft the do£lrine of reprohaticrij and there- 
fore thought if you kept up their diflike of that, you could 
ovcrthEOW the doctrine of cleflion entirely. For, without 
,: doubt, ^he doctrine of eledion and reprobation muft fiand or 
V fall together. 
K£^ But pafling by this, as alfo your equivocal deifinition of the 
^ word grace,' and your falfe defiaitipn of the v/ord/ree^ and 
/that I. may be as ihcrt as poflible^ I frankly acknowledge, I 
believe the. doctrine of reprobation, in this view, that God 
intends to give faving grace, through Jesus Christ, only to 
^ytk certain number, and that the reft of mankind, after the fait 
^-^^.Adam^ being juftly left of God. to continue in fin, will at 
^ laft fuffer that eternal death, , which is its proper wages. 
^^ This.iftth^cft^blifced dpilrineof fcripture, and acknow- 
y^/4jledged as fuch in the 17th article of the church of England^ 
^ as Biibop Burnet himfelf confefles; yet dear Mr. Wejley abfo* 
lutely denies it* 

But the q}oft important objeArons^ which you have urged 
agpifift tt^U do^^ine,, 9^ reafens why you reje£l it, being Jirrtc 


r 59 ] 

fnifly confidercd, and faithfully tried by the word of GoTf^ 
will appear to be of no force at all. Let the matter be hum- 
bly and cahnly reviewed, as to the following heads. 

Firft, you fay, " if this be fo (/. e. if there be an eleflion) 
then is all preaching vain : it is needlefs to them that are eled- 
cd } for they, whether with preaching or without, will infal- 
libly be faved. Therefore, the end of preaching to fave fouls 
is void, with regard to them. And it is ufelefs to them that 
are not clefted ; for they cannot pofSbly be faved ; they, whe- 
ther with preaching or. without, will infallibly be damned. 
The end of preaching is therefore void, with regard to them 
likewife. So that in either cafe our preaching is varn, and 
your hearing alfo vain." Page loth, paragraph the 9th. 

O dear Sir,- what kind of reafoning, or rather fophiftry h 
this ! Hath not Gop, who hath appointed falvatioit for a cer- 
tain number, appointed alfo the preaching of the word, as a 
means to bring them to it.^ Does any one hold etedion in any 
other fenfe ? And if fo, how is preaching needlefs to them that 
are ekiSled ; when the gofpel is defigned by God himfelf, to 
be the power of God unto their eternal falvation ? And fince 
we know not who are eleft, and who reprobate, we are to 
preach promifcuoufly to all. For the word may be ufefuF, 
e\^n to the npn-eleft, in reftraining them from much wicked- 
n?fs and fm. However, it is enough to excite to the utmoft 
diligence in preaching and hearing, when we confidcr, that by 
thefe means, fome, even as many as the Lord hath ordained 
to^lernai life, (hall certainly be quickened and enabled to bc- 
Jiqtv.e. And who, that attends, efpecially with reverence and 
caj^e, can tell but be may be found of that happy number^ 

.Secondly, you fay, ** that it, [the doflrine of eledlion and - 
reprobation] direcSlly tends to deitroy that hoJinefs, which i» 
the end of all the ordinances of God." For, (fays the dear- 
miftaken Mr. Wefiey) *' it wholly takes away thofe firft mo- - 
tives to follow after it, fo frequently propofed in fcripture. - 
The hope of future reward, and fear of punfflimdnt, the hope 
of hiaveii, and the fear of hell, &c." page i ith^ 

JL(hou|;'ht, that one who. carries perfection' "t^ fitch an ex- 
alted pitch as dear Mr. Wefiey does, would know, that a true 
lore&af die Lord Jesus Christ would ftitiVe to be holy for 
thtifike Q£i)eiligi bqly, and-: work ibr GHltisT out of iote ianiL 

^ ' gratitude,^ 

[ 6o ] 

^ratitud?, without any regard to the rewards of heaven, or 
fear of hell. You remember, dear Sir, what Scougal fays, 
•' Love's a more powerful, motive that does them move/' 
But paffing by this, and granting that rewards and punifh- 
ments (as they certainly are) may be motives from w)iich a 
chriftian may be honeftly ftirred up to a£k for Goi>, how does 
the do<Elrine of election deftroy thefe motives ? Do not the 
ele£t know that the more good works they do, the greater 
.will be their reward ? And is not that encouragement enough 
to fet them upon, and caufe them to perfevere in working for* 
Jesus Christ ? And how does the do£trine of election de« 
ftroy holinefs ? Whoever preached any other cleftion, than 
what the Apoftle preached, when he faid, ^* Chofen through 
.fandification of the Spirit?" Nay, is not holinefs made a 
mark of our eledion by all that preach it ? And how then 
can the doSrine of el?£tlon deftroy holinefs ? 

The inftance which you bring to illuftrate your aifertion, 
indeed, dear Sir, is quite impertinent. For you fay, *• If a- 
fick man knows, that he muft unavoidably die or unavoidably 
recover, though he knows not which, it is not reafonable to 
' take any phyfic at all," page 1 1. Dear Sir, what abfurd rea- 
foning is here ? Was you ever fick in your life i If fo, did 
not the bare probability or . pjoffibility of your recovering^ 
though you knew it was unalterably fixed, that you muft. live 
or die, encourage you to take phyfic ? For how did you know^ 
but that very phyfic might be the means God imendec} to 
recover you by i Juft thus it is as to the dodripe of eleSion. 
I know that it is unalterably fixed, may one fay, that I onoA 
be damned or faved \ but fince I know not which, for a cer- 
tainty, why fliould I not ftrive, though at prefent in a fiate 
fii nature, fince I know not but this ftriving may be the mean)» 
God bds intended to blefs, in* order to bring me into a ftate 
oi grace ? Dear Sir, confider thefe things. Make an impaf-^ 
jtial application, and then judge what little reafon you had to 
conclude the loth paragraph, page 12, in thefe words : '\Sa 
direftly does this doctrine t^nd to dut the very gafe of 
liolinefs in geperal, to hinder unholy men from ever approach^ 
ing thereto, or ftriving to enter in thereat." 

** As direfltly," fay you paragraph 11, " does the dodrine 
tend to deftroy ieveral particular branches of holinefs, fuch as 


T 6i ] 

ipeekners, love, 2cc.". I (hall fay little, dear Sir, in tnrwer 
to this paragraph. Dear Mr. ff^/JIey perhaps has been dtf- 
patiog with fome warm narrow fpirite^ men that held eledion, 
and, then in^rs, that thefa- V^sd'mth and narrownefs of fpirit, 
was owing to tlieirj^rinciples ? But does not dear lAx.ff^eJle} 
know, many deair cKndren of God, who are predeftinarians, 
and yet are meelc, lowly, pitiful, courteous, tender- hearted, 
kind, of a catholic rpiritp and hope to fee the moft vile and 
profligate V>f men converted ? And why ? becaufe they know 
God lavei] themTelves by an zSt of his eleding love, and they 

Juiow hot but he may have elected thofe who now feem to be 
the moft abandoned. But, dear Sir, we muft not judge of 
the truth of principles in general, nor of this of ele£tion in 
particular^ entirely from the practice of fome that profefs to 
bold them. If fo, I am fure much might be faid againft your 
own. For I appeal to your own heart, whether or not you 
nave not felt in yourfelf, or obferved in others, a narrow- fpi-. 
ritedneis, and fome difunion of foul refpe&ing thofe that hold 
particular redemption. If fo, then according to your own 
rule, umverjal redempthn is xvrong^ becaufe it deftroys feveral 
branches of holinefs, fuch as meeknefs, love, &c. But not 
to iniift upon this, I beg you would obferve, that your infe* 
irence is entirely fet afide by the force of the Apoftle's argur 
|nent»and the language which heexprefly ufes, CoL iii. 12, 13. 
" Put on, therefore, (as the eleft of God, holy and beloved) 
bowels of mercy, kindnefs, humblenefs of mind, meeknefs, 
long-fuffering, forbearing one another, and forgiving one 
another, if any ^ man have a quarrel againft any, even as 
Chkist forgave you, fo alfo do ye.** Here we fee that the 
Apoftle exhorts f hem to put on bowels of niercy, kindnels^ 
bumUenefs of mind, nieeknefs, Ibng-fufFering, &c. upon this 
confideratiooa namely,* becaufe they were AtSt of G0D4 
And all whp have experimentally felt this do6lrine in their 
hearts^ feel' thkt thefe graces are the genuine efre£b;^j*theif 
being ele^e^of God. ; /.vj- 

' But, jgerlups dear Mr. WeJUy may be mift^kon in thi9 
point,^ and call that paffiop, which h only zeal for GoD.'s 
tr.ut^js.^^You know, dear Sir, the Apoffic exhorts us to 
f!|VcohteiKJ ^neftly for the faith once ddive^to the faints,*' 

^ jpd tiic^re yo9 miift not poiidenm all th^t'affcar n&ealoiia fop 


r 62 ] 

Ac doflrine of eleilion, as narrow- fpirited, or perfecutors, be* 
cauk they think iC their duty to oppofe you. I am Aire, I love 
ymi in the bowels of Jesus Christ,. and think I could lay 
down* my life for your fake ; but yet, dear Sir, I cannot help 
ftrenuoufly oppofing your errors upon this important fubjed, 
becaufe I think you wgrmly, though not defignedly, oppofe 
the truth, as it is in Jesus. May the Lord remove the 
fcales of prejudice froi»joff the eyes of your mind, and give 
you a zeal according to true chriftian knowledge !'•' 

Thirdly, fays your fermon; page 13, paragraph 12, *' This 
do6lrine tends to deftroy the comforts of religion, the happi- 
ncfs of chriftianity, &c/' 

But how docs Mr. ff^ejley know this, who never believed 
eleflion ? I believe they who have Experienced it, will agree 
with our 1 7th, article, *' That the godly confideration of pre- 
deftination, and eleftion in Christ, is full of fweet, plcafant, 
unfpcakable comfort to godly perfons, and fuch as feel in 
thcmftlves the working of the Spirit 'of Christ, mortifying 
the works of the flefh, and their earthly members, and draw- 
ing their minds to high and heavenly things, as well becaufe 
it does greatly efiablifh and confirm their faith of eternal fal« 
vatton, to be enjoyed through Christ, as becaufe it doth fer- 
vently kindle their love towards God, &c.'* This plainly 
fhews, that our godly reformers did not think eleftion de- 
ftroyed holincfs, or the comforts of religion. • As for my own 
part, this do6l:rine is "my daily fupport : I fhould utterly fink 
under a dread of my impending trials, was- 1 hot firmly per- 
fuaded that GoD'has chofen me in Christ from before the 
foundation of the world, and that now being efFe£tually called, 
he will fufFer none to pluck me out of his almighty hand. 

Tou proceed thus : " This is evident as to ail thofe who . 
bdieve themfelvcs to be reprobate, or only fufpeft or fear it ; 
all the great and precious promifes are loft to themj they af- 
ford them noray of comfort/* 

In anfwer to this, let me obfcrve, that none living, efpe- 
cially'none who are defirous of falvation, can know that they 
arc not of the number of God*s elefl:. None, but the uncon- 
verted, can have any juft reafon, fo much as to fear it. And 
would itxiMf.ffVefley give comfort, or dare you apply the 
precious j^bmiib of the gofpel^ being children's bread, to men 


X 63 ] 
in a natural ftatCy while they continue fo ? God forbid?' 
What if the doftrine of eleftion and reprobation does put fome 
upon doubting ? So does that of regeneration. But, is not 
this doubting, a good means to put them upon fearching and 
ftriving ; and that driving, a good means to make their calling 
and their ele£tion fure. This is one reafon among many 
others, why I admire the do£lrine of eledion, and am con- 
vinced that it fhould have a place in gofpel miniflrations, and 
fhould be infifted on with faithfulnefs and care. It has a na^ 
tural tendency to rouze the foul out of its carnal fecurity. And 
therefore many carnal men cry out againft it. Whereas uni« 
^rfal redemption is a notion fadly adapted to keep the foul la 
its lethai;gic fleepy condition, and therefore fo many natural 
nijEin adfiplre and applaud it* 

Your ijtli, 14th, and 15th paragraphs come next to'bc 
confidere^. ** The witnefs of the Spirit, (you fay, para- 
graph 14, p. 14.) experience fliews ta be much obftrufled 
by this doftrine." But, dear Sir, whofe experience? Not 
your own j for in your Journal, from your embarking for 
Georgiay to your return to London^ page the lail, you feom to 
acknowledge that you have it not, and therefore you are no 
competent judge in this matter. You muft mean then the 
experience of others. For you fay in the fame paragraph, 
♦^ Even in thofe who have tafied of that good gift, who 
yet have foon loft it again, (I fuppofe you n>ean loft the 
{cnSc of it again) and fallen back into doubts and fears and 
^Jarknefs, ev^n horrible darknefs that might be felt, Uc** 
^ow, as to the darknefs of defertion, was not this the cafe of 
Jesus Christ himfelf^ after he had received an unmeafurable 
vnfiion of the Holy Ghoft i Was not his foul exceeding 
forrowful, even unto death, in the garden ? And was he not 
furrounded with an horrible darknefs, even a darknefs that 
might be felt, when on the crofs he ^ryed out,-; ^< My 
God! My God! why haft thou forfaken.tne?"i^And 
that all his tbllowers are liable to the fame, is it not evident 
from fcripture ? For, fays the Apofile, << He was tempted in 
all things like unto his brethren, that he might be able to 
fttccour thofe that are tempted.'' And b not their liableneff 
thereunto, coiriiftent with that conformity to himlli'fufieringy 
wbicb liis members are to bear? Why then Ibould perfons 
I falling; 

[ 64 ] 

falling into darknefs, after they have received the witnefs of 
the Spirit^ be any argument againft the dodrine of ele&ion ? 
*' Yes, you fay, many, very many of thofe that hold it not^ 
in all parts of the earth, have enjoyed the uninterrupted wit- 
nefs of the Spirit, the continual light of God*s countenance^ 
from the moment wherein they firft believed, for many, 
months or years to this very day." But how does dear Mr., 
Wijley know this ? Has he confulted the experience of many, 
very many in all parts of the earth ? Or could he be fure of 
what he hath advanced without fufficient grounds, would it 
follow, that their being kept in this light, is owing to their 
not believing the do&rine of ele£tion ? No, this, according^ 
to the fentiments of our church, '' greatly confirms and efta- 
blifhes a true chriftian's faith of eternal falvation through 
Christ,", and is an anchor of hope, both fure and fiedfaft^ 
when he walks in darknefs and fees no light ; as certainly hc^ 
may, even after he hath received the witnefs of the Spirit, 
whatever you or others may unadvifedly aflert to the contrary .^ 
Then, to have refpefl: to God's everlafting covenant, and 
to throw himfelf upon the free diftinguifhing love of that 
God, who changeth not, will make him lift up the handi 
that hang down, and ftrengthen the feeble knees. But, with-* 
out the belief of the dodlrine of eledion, and the immutability 
of the free love of Gob, I cannot fee how it is poflible that 
any (hould have a comfortable aiTurance of eternal falvation. 
What could it fignify to a man,whofe confcience is thoroughly 
awakened, and who is warned in good earneft to feek'delive- 
ranee from the wrath to come, though he (hould be aiTured 
that all his paft fins are forgiven, and that he is now a child 
of God ; if notwithftanding this, he may hereafter become a' 
child of the devil, and be caft into hell at laid ? Could fucbi 
an aiTurance yield any folid lafting comfort to a perlbn con- 
vinced of the corruption and treachery of his own heart, and 
pf the malice, fubtilty, and power of Satan \ No ! that which 
^one deferyes the naqie of a fuU aflurance of faitb^ is fuch a& 
aiTurance, as emboldens the believer, under the fenfe of hit 
intere(l in diilinguiihing loye, to give the challenge to all hi^ 
adverfaries, whether men or devils, and that with regard to 
|J1 their future, as well as prefent attempts to deftroy ; faying 
If^ith the Apdlle, ^« Whp (hall lay any thing to the charge of 
.7 * Gon's 

[ 65 ] 
GoD*s ele£l? ' It is God that juftifies i Who is he that con-* 
demns me ? It is Christ that died : yea rather that is riferi 
again^ who is even at the right hand of God, who alfo 
maketh intcrcelEori for me. Who fhall feparate me from the 
bve of Christ ? fliall tribulation or diilrefs^ or perfecution 
or famine, or nakednefs, or peril or fword ! Nay, in all thefe 
things I am more than conqueror^ through him that loved me^ 
For I am perfuaded, that neitlier death nor life, nor angels^ 
nor principalities nor powers, nor things prefcnt, nof things 
to come^ nor heighth nor depth, ner any other creature, (hall 
be able to feparate me from the love of God which is in 
Christ Jesus my Lord." 

This, dear Sir, is the triumphant language of every foul 
that has attained % full aiTurance of faith. And this afiurance 
can only arife from a belief of God's elefling everlafting love; 
That many have an afiurance they are in Christ to-day, but 
uke no thought for, or are not afiured they {hall be in him 
to-morrow, nay to all eternity, is rather their impcrfeflion 
and unhappinefs, than their privilege. I pray God to bring all 
fuch to a fenfe of his eternal love, that they may no longer 
build upon their own faithfulnefs, but on the unchangeable-^ 
nefs of that God, whofe gifts and callings are without repen- 
tance. For thofe whom God has once juftified, he alfo will 
glorify. I obferved before, dear Sir, it is not always a fafe 
lule to judge of the truth of principles from people's pra<9ice« 
And therefore, fuppoiing that all wno hold univerfal redemp- 
tion in your way of explaining it, after they received faith, 
cnj<^ed the continual uninterrupted fight of God's counte- 
nance, it does not follow, that this is a fruit of their principle: 
for that I am fure has a natural tendency to keep the foul in 
darknefs for ever ; becaufe the creature thereby is taught, that 
bis being kept in a ftate of falvation, is owing to his own 
free will. And what a fandy foundation is that for a poor 
creature to build his hopes of perfeverance upon ? Every re- 
lapfe into fm^ every furprize by temptation, mud throw him 
^^ into doubts and fears, into horrible darknefs, even darknefs 
that may be felt." Hence it is, that the letters which have 
been lately fent me by thofe who hold univerfal redemption^ 
arc dead and lifelefs, dry and inconfiRent, in comparifon of 
Ihofe I receive from perfons on the contrary fide. Tbo(e who 
Vol. IV. E fettle 


i 66 -i 

fettle in the univcrfal fchetne, though they might begin in the 
Spirit, (whatever they may fay to the contrary) are ending in 
the fleft), and building up a rightcoufncfs founded on thcif 
own free wilJ : whilft the others triumph in hopes of the glory 
of God, and build upon God's never-failing promife, and 
unchangeable love, even when his fenfible prefence is with- 
drawn from them. But I would not judge of the truth of 
cledion, by the experience of any particular perfpns :. if IdiJ 
(O bear with me in this fooliibnefs of boafting) I think 1 
myfelf might glory in election. For thefe five or fix years 1 
have received the witnefs of God's Spirit ; fince that, bleffd 
be God, I have not doubted a quarter of an hour of a favin| 
intereft in JesOs Christ : but with grief and humble fhamel 
do acknowledge, I have fallen into fin often fince that. Thoogl 
I do not, dare not allow of any one tranfgreffion, yet hitherti 
I have not been (nor do I expedl that while I am in this pre 
fent world I ever fhall be) able to li^ one day perfeQly fire 
from all defe£ts and fin. And fince the fcriptures declare 
*^ That there is not a juft man upon earth," no, not ^mon 
• thofe of the higheft attainments in grace, *' that doeth goc 
and finneth not ;" we are fure that this will be the cafe of a 
the children of God. The univerfal experience and acknov 
ledgment of this among the godly in every age, is abundant 
fufGcient to confute the error of thofe who hold in an abfolu 
fenfe, that iafter a man is born again he cannot commit fin ; cfp< 
cially, fince the Holy Ghoft condemns the perfons who fi 
they have no fin, as deceiving themfelves, as being deftitu 
of the truth, and making God a liar, i John i. 8, lo. 
have been alfo in h'eavinefs through manifold temptations, an 
cxpe£l to "be often fo before I die. Thus were the Apoftic 
and primitive chriftians themfelves. Thus was Luther, tha 
man of God, who, as far as I can find, did not peremptorily 
at leaft, hold eleftion ; and the great John^Arndt was in th 
utmoft perplexity but a quarter of an hour before he died, an 
yet he was no predeftinarian. And if I muft fpeak freely, 
believe your fighting fo ftrenuoufly againft the dodlrine 
eleftion, and pleading fo vehemently for a finlefs perfeftio 
are among the reafons or culpable caufes, why you are kc 
out of the liberties of the gofpel, and from that full afTuran 

t 67 ] 

bf faith which they enjoy, who have eiperimentajly taflcu, 
and daily feed upon God's dealing, cverlafting love. 

But perhaps you mzy fay, that Luther and jfrnJt were no 
chriftians, at lead very weak ones. I know you think meanly 
a^ Abraham y though he. was eminently called the friend of 
God ; and^ I believe, alfo of Davidy the man after God's 
own heart. No wonder, therefore, that in a letter you fent 
me not long fince^ you fhould tell me, ** th^t no baptift or 
prefbyterian writer whom you have read^ knew any thing of 
the liberties of Christ." What ! neither Bunyan^ Hfnry\ 
Flavel^ Halyburton^ nor any of the New- England -dnd St'ots di- 
vines. See, dear fir,, what narrow fpiritednefs and want of 
charity arife from your principles, and then do not cry out 
againft bIe£lion any more on account of its being '* deihuc- 
tive of meeknefs and love." 

Fourthly^ I fhall nov/ proceed to another head. Says the 
dear Mr. JVeJley^ page 15, paragraph 16, *' How uncomfort- 
able a thought is this, that thoufands and millions of men, 
without any preceding cfFence or fault of theirs, were un- 
changeably doomed to everlafting burnings ? 

But who ever aflerted, that thotxfands and millions of men, 
without any preceding ofiVr.ce or fault of theirs, were un- 
changeably doomed to everlafting burnings ? Do not they 
who believe God's dooming men to everlafting burning-, 
alfo believe, that God looked upon them as men fallen In 
Adam ? And that the decree which ordained the puniftmenf, 
firft regarded the crime by which it was deferved ? How ihc*n 
are they doomed without any preceding fault ? Surely Mr. 
Wcjley will own God's juftice, in imputing Adarn\ fin to his 
poilerity ; and alfo, that after Adam fell, and his poflerity \n 
him, God might juftly have pifTcJ them ALt by, wiihour 
fending his own Son to be a faviour for any one. Unicfs yi)u 
heartily agree to both thefe pjints, you do not believe original 
fin aright.. If*you do own them, then you muft: a<^ knowledge 
thedoclrine of eleftion and reprobatio.l to be iii;^-'y juft and 
reafonable. For if God might jiftly impute Adtun-^ fin to all, 
and afterwards have patTcd by all, 'J:.zv he mif hr jtjft!y pafi by 
SOME. T"*"" ^^ ^"^ ri^-'jt f ^ndj or vn x\i<i left, joj ar*^ re- 
duced to an inextricable di!em:na. A»jd, if you wo'j'd be 
confiftent, you muft either give sip ;hc- ioi\%\t.t of fh/- l/n- 

E 2 r-rat*or 

C 68 ] ... 

iputatioh of Adani% fm, or receive the amiable doArine of 
election, with a holy and righteous reprobation as its confe- 
quent. For whether you can believe it or no, the word of 
God abides faithful. '' The eledion has obtained it, and 
the reft were blinded." 

Your 17th* paragraph, page 16, I pafs over. What has 
been faid on paragraph the 9th and loth, with a little alterji- 
tion will anfwer it. I fliall only fay, it is the doSrine of 
eleftion that moftly prcfles me to abound' in good works. 1 
am made willing to fufFer all things for the eled's fake. This 
makes ^me to preach with comfort, becaufe I know falvation 
does not depend on man's free will^ but the Lord makes 
willing in the day of his power, and can makq ufe of me to 
bring fome of his eleft home, when and where he pleafes. 

Fifthly, You fay, paragraph 18, page 17, " This doSrine 
has a dired manifcft tendency to overthrow the whole chrif- 
tian religion. For, fay you, fuppofmg that eternal unchange- 
able decree, one part of mankind muft be faved, though the 
chriftian revelation were not in being." 

But, dear Sir, how does that follow ? Since it is only by 
the chriftian revelation that we are acquainted with GoD*s 
defign of faving his church by the death of his Son. Yea, it 
is fettled in the everlafting covenant, that this falvaiion (hall 
be applied to the eleft through the knowledge and faith of 
him. As the prophet fays, Ifatah \\\\, 11. *' By his know- 
ledge (hall my righteous fervant juftify many." How then 
has the doftrine of ele6iion a direft tendency to overthrow 
the whole chriftian revelation ? Who ever thought^ that 
God's declaration to Noah^ that f.ed-time and harveft (boutd 
never ceafe, could afford an argument for the negleft of 
plowing or fowitig ? Or that the unchangeable purpofe of 
God, that harveft (hould not fail, rendered the heat of the 
fun, or the influence of the heavenly bodies unneceflary to 
produce it ? . No more does God's abfolute purpofe of faving 
his chofen, preclude the neceflity of the gofpel revelation, or 
the ufe of any of the means through which he has determined 
the decree (hall take effeft. Nor will the right underftanding-, 
or the reverent belief of God's decree, ever allow or fufFer a 
chriftian in any cafe to feparate the means from the end, or 


[ 69 ] 

Ac end from the means. And fince we are taught by the re^ 
velation itfelf, thai chis was intended and given by God as a 
means of bringing home his ele(S,.we therefore receive it with 
j joy, prize it highly, ufe it in faith, and endeavour to fpread 
f it through all the world, in the full aflurance, that wherever 
■ God fends it, fooner or later, it fliall be favingly ufeful to all 
' the eleS within its call. How then, in holding this doftrine, 
do we join with modern unbelievers, in making the chriftiaa 
revelation unncceflary ? No, dear Sir, you miftake. Infidels 
of all kinds are on your fide of the queftion. Deifts, Arians, 
Socinians, arraign God's fovereignty, and fiand up for uni- 
verfal redemption* I pray God, that dear Mr. TVeJleys fermon, 
as it has grieved the hearts of many of God's children, may 
not alfo ftrengthen the hands of many of his moft avowed 
enemies ! Here I could almoft lie down and weep. " O tell ' 
it not in Gatb ! Publifli it not in the ftreets oi AJkclon^ left the, 
daughters of the uncircumcifed rejoice, left the fons of unbe- 
lief (hould triumph ! " 

Further, you fay, page i8, paragraph 19, « This do£lrine 
makes revelation contradift itfelf." For inftance, fay you, 
** The aflcrtors of this doilrine interpret that text of fcrif ture, 
Jacoh have I loved, but Efau have I hated, as implying that 
God, in a literal fenfe, hated Efau and all the reprobates 
from eternity !" And, when confidcred as fallen in Adam^ 
were. they not obje£t$ of his hatred f And might not God, 
of his own good pleafure, love or fhew mercy to "Jacob and the 
ele&, and yet at the fame time do the reprobate no wrong \ 
But you fay, *' God is love." And cannot God be love, 
unlefs he (hews the fame mercy to all ? 

Again, fays dear Mr. Wejley^ '^ They infer from that text, 
I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, that God is 
mercy only to fome men, viz. the eledl j and that he has 
mercy for thofe only, flatly contrary to which is the whole 
tenor of the fcripture, as is that exprefs declaration in parti-- 
cular. The LtORd is loving to every man, and his mercy is 
over all his works." And fo it is, but not his faving mercy, 
God is loving to every man : he fends his rain upon the evil 
and upon the good. But you fay, *' God is no rcfpeder of 
pcrfons." No 1 For every one, whether Jew or QentUty that 
t>elicveth on Jesus, and worketh rightcoufncfs, is accepted 

E 3 of 

[ 70 ] 

of him : " But be that belicvcth not fliall be damned^'* For 
God is no rerpecker o\ pcrfons, upon the account of any out- . 
ward condition or circumftance in life whatever; nor doci 
the do6^rine of ticflion in the le^ft fuppofc hinri to be fo. But 
as the foyereign Lord of all, who is debtor to none, he has 
a right to do what he will with his own, and to difpenfe hU 
favour? to what objedls he fees fit, merely at his pleafure. 
And his fupreme right herein, is clearly and ftrongly aflerted 
in thofe paflages of fcripture, where he fays, *' I will have 
mercy on whom I will have mercy, and have compaffion oi^ 
whom I will have compaffion," Rem, ix. 15. Exod. xxxiii. 19. 

Further, in page 19, you reprefent us as inferring from the 
text, " The chi.d:cn not being yet born, neither having dQnc 
good or evil, that the purpofc of God, according to ele£lion| 
might ftand : not of works, but of him that callcth. It was 
faid unto her (unio Rebecca) ^ The elder fliall fervc the younger^ 
that bur predeftination to life no ways depends on the fore- 
knowledge of God." But who infers this, dear Sir? For. 
if foreknowledge fignifies approbation, as it does in feveral 
parts of fcripture, then we confefs that predeftination ancl* 
clcflion do depend on God's fore- knowledge. But if by 
God's fore-knowledge, you underftsind God's fore-feeing 
fome good works done by his creatures as the foundation or 
reafon of chufing them, and therefore eleiling them, then wc 
fay, that in this fenfe, predeftination does not any way de- 
pend on God's fore-knowledge. But I referred you, at the 
beginning of this letter, to Pr. Edwardi^s Veritas Redux, which 
I recommended to you alfo in a late letter, with Eltfifa CoU 
on God's Sjva'tignty. Be pleafed to read thefe, and alfo the 
excellent fcrmons of Mr. Cooper, of Bo/lon in New-Englandy 
which I alfo fent you, and I doubt not but you will fee all 
your objeflions anfwercd. Though I would obferve, that 
alter all our reading on both fides the queftion, we fliall never 
in this life be able to fearch out God's decrees to perfe<^ion« 
No, we muft humbly aeJore what we cannot comprehend, and 
yrith the great Apoftle at the end of our enquiries cry out, 
** O the depth, &c." or with our Lord, when he was ad- 
piring God's fovcreignty, f' Even fo Father, for fo it feemetb 
good in thy fight.'* 


t 71 ] . 

However, it may not be amifs to take notice, that if thofe 
texts, **;GoD willcth that none (hould perifti," " I have no- 
pleafure in him that dieth," and fuch like, be taken in their 
ftrifteft fenfe, 'then no one will be damned. 

But here's the diftin£tion. God taketh no pleafure in the 
death of finners, fo as to delight fimply in their death 5 but he 
delights to magnify his juftice, by infliding the punifliment 
which their iniquities have defcrved. As a righteous judge 
urho takes no pleafure in condemning a criminal, may yet 
juftly command him to be executed, that law and juftice may 
be fatisfied, even though it be in his power to procure him a 

I would hin^ farther, that you unjuftly charge the do£lrine 
of reprobation with blafphemy, whereas the doftrine of uni-* 
verfal redemption, as you fet it forth, is really the higheft 
reproach upon the dignity of the Son of God, and the merit 
of his blood. Conficjer whether it be not rather blafphemy 
to fay as you do, page 20, " Christ not only died for thofe 
that are favcd, but alfo for thofe that perifli/' The text you 
have mifapplied to glofs over this, fee explained by Ridgely^ 
Edwardsy Henrys and I purpofely omit anfwering your :exts 
myfelf, that you may he brought to read fuch treatifes, which, 
under God, would ftiew you your error. You cannot make 
good the affertion, ** That Christ died for them that pe- 
rifli," without holding (as Peter Boehler^ one of the Moravian 
brethren, in order to make out univerfal redemption, lately 
frankly confefled in a letter) " That all the damned fouls 
would hereafter be brought out of hell." I cannot think 
Mr. Wejky is thus minded. And yet without this can be 
proved, univerfal redemption, taken in a literal fenfe, falls en- 
tirely to the ground. For how can all be univerfally re- 
deemed, if all are not finally faved ? 

Dear Sir, for Jesus Christ's fake, confider how you 
diihonour Gop by denying ele£lion. You plainly make fal- 
vation depend not on God^s free-grace y but on man's yr^^-a;///; 
atid if thus, it is. more than probable, Jesus Christ would 
not have had the fatisfa£lion of feeing the fruit of his death in 
the eternal falvation of one foul. Our preaching would then 
b« vain, and all invitations for people to believe in him^ 
would ^fo be in vain. 

£ 4 But 

t 7^ 1 

But, blefTed be God, our Lord knew for whom htiiec 
There was an eternal compaft between the Father an«l th 
Son. A certain number was then given him,'as the purchaf 
and reward of his obedience and death. For thefe he prajed 
yohn xyii. and not for the world. P'or thefe, and thefe oply 
he is now iptercedihgi and with (heir falvation he will befiill] 

I purpofe^y omit making any'further particular remajrks w 
the feveral lad pages of your fermon. Indeed had not youi 
psime, dear Sir, been prefixed to the fermon, I could not hav< 
)been fo uncharitable as to think you were the author of fuel 
fophiftry. You beg the qufeftion, in faying, *' Th«t GoD haj 
declared, (notwith (landing you own,' I fupypofe, fome will b^ 
.damned) that he will favc all," i. e. every individual perfpn. 
You take it for granted (for folid proof you have none) thai 
God is unjuft, if he pafles by any, and then you exdairr 
againft the horrible decree: and yet, as I before hinted, ir 
liolding the doftrine of original fin, you profcfs to believe 
that he might juftly have pafled by all. 

Dear, dear Sir, O be not ofFendcd ! For Christ's fak< 
\it not ralh ! Give yourfelf to reading. Study the covenant 
of grace. Down with your carnal rtafoning. Be a little child \ 
^nd then, inftead of pawning your falvation, as you have 
done in a late hymn book» if the doftrine of univerjal redemp- 
tion be not true ; inftead of talking o^ fmlefs perfcSllon^ as you 
have dope in the preface to that hymn book, and making 
man's falvation to depend on his own free-willy as you have 
in this fermon ; you will compofe an hymn in praife of fove- 
reign diftinguifliing love. You will caution believers againfl 
ftriving to work a perfe»Slion out of their own hearts, and print 
another fermon the reverfe of this, and entitle it free-grace 
indeed. Free, becaufe r^ot htt to all ; but free, becaufeGoD 
may withhold or give it to whoni and when he pleafes. 

Till you do this, I muft doubt whether or not you know 
yourfelf. In* the mean while, I cannot but blame you for 
cenfuring the clergy of our church for not keeping to their 
articles, when you yourfelf by your principles, pofitively deny 
the gth, loth, and 17th. Dear Sir, thefe things ought nol 
fo to be. GoD knows my heart, as I told you before, fo ] 
declare again, nothing but a finale regard to the honour o-: 
• 7 Chrjs:» 

[ n 1 

Christ has forced this letter from me. I love and honour 
- jmxiox his fake ; and when I come to judgment, will thank 
. ^u before men and angels, for* what you have, under God, 
• done for my foul. 

There, I am perfuaded, I (hall fee dear Mr. WeJUy con- 
vinced of election and everlafting love. And it often fills me 
with pleafure, to think how I {hall behold you cafting your 
crown down at the feet of the Lamb, and as it were filled 
with a holy blufhing for oppofing the divine fovprcignty in 
the manner you have done. 

But I hope the Lord will fhew you this before you go 
bence. O how do I long for that day I If the Lord (hould 
i)e pleafed to make ufe of this letter for that purpofe, it would 
fUHindantty rejoice the heart of, dear and honoured Sir, 

Your affedionate, though unworthy brother 

and fervant in Christ, 

G^ORC^ Whitefield. 

A ^ 





Remarkable Wo r k of G O D 




Some Remarks on a late Pamphlet, entitled, 
** 7Z^ ^tate of Religion in New-England, Jince 
the Reverend Mr. George Whitefield'i Arrival 

In a Letter to a Minister of the Church 
of Scotland. 


[ 77 ] 


Cambujlangy Augufi y.^ 1742. 
Revirend and dear Sir, 

I Have read the pamphlet entitled, ** The State of Religion in 
New- England^ fince the Reverend Mr. George WhitefieU% 
arrival there, in a letter from a gentleman in New-England 
to his friend in Glafgow,'* I think the contents no way an-' 
r^er the title page. It rather ought to be intitled, 7l^ State 
ef Religion falfely Jlated. For I am perfuaded, fome things 
are therein aflerted, without fufficient evidence to prove them, 
and many more things falfely reprefented, and fet in a wrong; 
light: the defign of the pamphlet itfelf is bafe and wicked«. 
It is intended, if poflible, to eclipfe the late great and glorious 
work, begun and carried on for fome time in New-Englani i 
to invalidate the teftimonies that have been given of it, and 
thereby of confequence to bring a reproach upon, and to 
hinder the fpreading of a like glorious work, which God of 
his infinite mercy has for fome time been carrying •n in 
this land. Give me leave to fend you a few obfervations 
upon this anonymous pamphlet. I call it anonymouT, becaufe^ 
the publifber has not thought proper to put down the 
name of the writer of the firft letter Mr. J. M. at length, 
which I think he was bound in duty to do. The publifher 
indeed, in the advertifement prefixed to the letter, tells 
ws, *' The reader may depend ypbn it, that the fol- 
lowing letter is genuine, from a gentleman who hatb always 
had a good charafter for found underftanding, integrity, fo- 
briety of manners, piety ; and, notwithftanding bis engage- 
ments in fecular affairs, has never been an unconcerned fpec- 
tator of any thing that might afFeft the ftate of religion." 
But I muft beg the publifher's pardon, if I tell him, that I 
am one of thofe readers who cannot depend upon all thl.i, 
merely upon his defiring me to do fo. For really there iis 

C 78 ] 

one thing ih the letter which makes me fhrewdly Aifpe^ 
that the letter itfelf is not genuine, at Jeaft that there b 
been fome additions made to it fince it came to Scotland. F< 
the fuppofed writer of this letter, page 15, fays, ^* In tl 
preface to the fermon publifhed by Mr. Edwards of Not 
ihampton^ which I fee is reprinted among you." Now boi 
t*ii8 gentleman could fee at Bojlon^ MayTit^ that Mr* Edwards 
fermon was reprinted in Scotland^ which was not done ti! 
the June following, I know not. If it be faid, that by tb 
words among you he means in Britain/, I fee that the printc 
advertifement in the London Weekly Hijiory, of the publicatio 
.of Mr. Edwards^s fermpn in England^ is dated May 1, ail 
fays, *^ This day is publifhed.'* I myfclf was one that WJ 
chiefly concerned. in publifhing of it. I fcnt the firft copy t 
Scotland^ and to my certain knowledge it was never publiflic 
• iti Britain till May I . Is it probable that people at Bofit 
ibould know of this May 24? What a character this gentli 
men has always had for " found underftanding, integrit] 
fobriety ^f manners and piety," I will not take upon me 1 
determine, nor does the publi(her give us opportunity 1 
know what charader the gentleman really has had, fince I: 
iloe§ not publifli his name: but however that be, I fear I 
has forfeited his good charader ** for found Qnderftandin| 
integrity and piety," by writing this letter. And thoug 
btJ may not be altogether an " unconcerned fpeftator of an 
thing that might afFe£l religion," yet I fear he has been : 
taken up with ** his engagements in fecular affairs," that I 
hath not given himfelf fufficient time to enquire into matft 
of fad, but has heard with others ears, and feen with otbe 
eyes, and has not himfelf attended as he ought, to the 01 
. thing needful. 

He fays in the beginning of his letter, page t^he 3d, ** 
am forry you h^ve had fuch accounts of perfons, and thing 
tranfmitted you from this cGuntry, as you mention in yoi 
letter ; they are far from being true, and muft come from mc 
of narrow minds^ and great bigotry, or from fuch as bafei 
affea popularity, or from well-meaning weak chriftians, c 
little knowledge of human nature, or the hiftory of man 
kind." What accounts this gentleman refers to I know nol 
If he mean)s the accounts in the IVeekly Hijiory^ as I fuppbf 


r 79 ] 

be does ; I think this gentleman is fadly miftaken.' MoS 
of the accounts were tranfmitted by the honourable Mr. 
WilUard^ fecretary of the province. The Rev. Dr. Colman^ 
the Rev. Mr. Cooper^ the Rev. Mr. ^Prince : perfons I am in- 
timately acquainted with, and who are by no means *' Men 
of narrow minds, great bigotry, or little knowledge of hu« 
man nature, or the hiftory of mankind : but have defervedly 
had a good character for found >underftanding, integrity, fo- 
briety of manners and piety :" Some of thefe were honoured 
fcveral years ago with degrees, by the univerfity of Glafgow^ 
upon recommendation from the Honourable fociety at Edin'* 
hurgh for Propagating Chriftian Knowledge ; of which fociety 
fcveral of the moft intelligent gentlcrnen in the nation are 
members : fuch honours were done to MefTrs. Colmaaj Prince^ 
and Cooper. 

Now whether tbty^ or this anonymous writer^ are to be moft 
credited, I leave any reafonable man to judge. Indeed he 
boldly aflerts, " That thefe accounts are not true :" but what 
• proofs does he bring of the falfity of them ? None at all. Let 
us but know who this writer is, I am perfuaded my honoured 
friends at Bojion^ will foon bring him to the (eft of thefe af« 

He goes on thiis *' Indeed fome perfons of very good fenfe 
were once inclined to think God was doing wonders in this 
place." {Bojion) And I am perfiiaded thefe very fame perfons 
have not altered their opinion yet, but a£tually believe that 
God has done wonders ; if turning people from darkncfs to 
light, and making them new creatures, is doing wonders. 

*' But that was a time when a fuperftitious panic ran very 
bigh, and bore down every body that was not well fixed and 
eftablifhed ; either by a natural fleadinefs of temper, or by 
ftrong reafoning and refledions. But as foon as the paffions 
of the people fubfided, and men could toolly and calmly con- 
fider, almoft every one of but tolerable fenfe and underftand- 
ing in religious matters, in great meafure changed their opi- 
nions of the fpirit that prevailed here, and had been raifed by 
Whltefield and Tennentr 

What had been raifed by Mr. Whitejield 2Si^ Tennent ? 
God forbid ! that either Mr. Tennent or I fliould afcribe any 
*oF that work to ourfelves. No, it was raifed by the Holy 


r 8o I 

Sprrit of Gqd. It was nafiipirftiikus pame^ but<a plentiful 
cffufion of the Holy Ghoft. It's true, it did run high ; glory be 
to Goo for it ! and. did bear down every body, excq>t thofe 
who would not fabmit to the Redeemer's fcepter, through 
felf-righteoufnefs and unbelief; which I. am afraid thin writer * 
terms, natural fteadinefs of temper, ftrong reafoning and re<^ 
flexion. Nor is it true that *' Almoft every one of but to)era« 
ble underftanding in religious -matters, in a great meafure have 
changed their opinions of the fpirit that prevailed at that time.** 
No, dear Sir, they yet believe it to be a glorious work of God, • 
as is evident from the late writings of fome of thefe eminent 
mini&ers in New-England^ juft mentioned* 

What the writer fays of me in the following paragraj^h; 
page 4tb, is not worthy notice. He is welcome to make atf 
free with my charader as he pleafes, and I freely forgive him; ' 
However I thank him for doing me the juftice to fay, «« That 
I collected money yir the Orphan-houfe in Georgia,*' It was 
not thtn for myfelf\ nor does he charge me with -embeszel ling 
the 5 or 600/. He could not do this^'ir/S^^, becaufe before-' 
the writing of this letter, an account came to Boflon how I 
had expended it. And as for being <<• A bold and importu-^^ 
nate beggar," I acknowledge I learned that from t-he wife '■ 
Man, who tells me, " Whatever thou findeft in thy hand to 'i' 
do, do it with all thy might ;" and from the apofile Am/, who-* 
in the fecond epiftle to the ^Corinthians^ chap. viii. 9. flito«ils 
himfelf to be the moft bold, infinuating and importunate beg-> - 
gar for pious ufes, that I ever yet met with. 'i-' 

I think I am much obliged to the writer, for what he fayft*' - 
concerning me in this refpe£l. But I wilh he had not madAt*''' 
fo free with the charader of nriy honoured friends. He criet' ' ' 
out againft flander in others, and at the fame time, through ' 
the whole letter, he is guilty of the moft palpable flander hinf* 
felf. He is pretty favourable to the Rev. Mr. H^ebb^ and the 
Kev. Mr. Cooper of Bojion. He only calls thenf, psagc tbt ' 
7th, " Two great admirers oilVhitefield and TetinenU flaming 
zealots for censLin favour iie opinions and tenets.'* And fo in* 
deed they are, blefled champions, I know thfem well, for ccr* . 
tain favourite opinions^ aiuJ tenets of the church of Scoilanelf, 
fucb as original fin, the imputed ' nghteoufnefs of Chuzst^i 


ehfiioit^ and other glorious gorpel truths. But as for Mf» 
Ttfmmtj fae (ecms quite angry with him. 

Never was a man more wrongfully reprefentcd. This let- 
ter-writer fays, ^' He has often heard, that Mr. Tennent had 
always been remarkable in the Jerfeys^ for his uncharitable 
and divifive courfes.*' But does the hearing of this, prove 
the truth of it. I have the happinefs of being perfonally and 
irerjf intimately acquainted with Mr. Tinnent. I fcarce knoW 
a man of a more catholic fprrit. ^< He is a mah of nb learn- 
ing." His writings prove the contrary. His antagonifts *a* 
brood dare not fay they have found him fo. <' His great bufinefs 
In bis fernfions is either to puzzle, or to fright the hearers, but 
efpecially the laft^ which he did by roaring out, and bellow- 
ing bell and damnation, devils, and all tbe dreadful words he 
could thinlc of." Indeed, to the honour of the grace of God 
beit fpoken, he is a fon of thunder, efpecially in his applica- 
tion) ,and when he is preaching the law ; at fuch times, un<* 
(ierbim, people cannot eafily fleep : but withal, he is a work- 
man that needs not be afbamed, and is taught of God rightly 
todivide tbe word of truth. As for puzzling his hearers, I 
fear that Mx^A. At. thinks he did fo, becaufe he generally 
infifts much on the ntw birth ^ imputed rigbteoufnefs^ divine faitb^ 
And the other peculiar do£lrines of the gofpel. Thefe things 
ire all fooliflinefs to the natural man, and puzzled Nicodemus 
himfelf, when difcouKed With by our blefled Lord^ John iii. 
^ ** Nic9demui anfwtred and (aid unto him, how can thefe 
things be ?'* Again, *^ minifters in general^ he calls carnal^ 
ttncAaverted, blind-leaders of the blind^ rational, moral, dry^ 
buiky preachers, that were leading the people to hell.^^ I fup- 
pofe Mr. Titment faid, ^' That carnal blind preachers who 
preach morality without due regard to gofpel grace and mo«- 
tivea; who do not preach juftification by faith, and regene- 
tstion, they who do not preach ChrisI*- as all in all, were 
blind-leaders ef the blind, and were leading the people ta 
Ml." But it is abfurd to fuppofe he thought that all mini« 
^m in general were fuch* I know a great body of mini- 
Cen, of whoni he thinks mod highly^ But, <* He exhorted 
people to leave them, and to go about exhorting one another^ 
md telling their experiences*^' This I cannot believe is truly 
^cfeniiodf for I have now a letter by me publiihed by Mr. 
Vox^IV* F Tennent^ 

[ 8« 1 

TirtTunty againftpcrfonQ gqU^ahcivt isvtli€i:ch9ta£lcr.jof ^ex^ 
horters ; but If they only exhorted chrifti^flt not to iforfaki 
the afTcmbling of theoif^elves together, to provoke ontK anothei 
to love^ and good workSf -and to teil one another what Go)i 
had done for their ibulsy be did no more than what every ^oA 
pel minider fhould 4o. He fays, '^ He was followed by all 
forts 'of people*" This I thinic was a proof that he was ofi a 
catholic fpirit, and not of adiviGve uncharitable temper.; >f Al 
much as Ifbiufitld was." And I pray GoD he way be .flj* 
lciW£4: ^ thoufand times more. ** And by. many preferred ^t« 
bi.rp." Very juftly, *' He was moft cenforiou? and uni^iirti- 
riitable ; every one that was not exadly of his mind he damned 
^itbQut mercy." This is calumny indeed^ I = know mfl^^ 
inini(lef^ who do not think as Mr. Tenmnt does in alt refpe^f^^ 
whonthenotwithftanding highly values* But I fuppoli^ t^ 
writer was angry with higi, becaufe he pronounced ali^ «n: ^ 
iiate of condemnation that were not born again, and'thait^M 
not believe in, and lay hold on the imputed righteouftieft -of 
Jesus Christ. His mailer authorizes him to. pronu^uB/if 
fuch a iisntence, << He that believeth not (hall bei4sKVHi'4^" w 
Again, ''His fermons were fometimes^as OQafuffsyi^iaMi. 
fenfele^ as you can inuigtne." It is well tl^ey (WCFfi nplq^tt 
ways fo« '' He feemed to have a particular quarre) mxk^u^ 
fon, learning and morality; for he feldom finifhed a ferfps^ 
without faying fomething againft them." Never I JMlvBtye, 
but when thefe things are magnified to the prejudice oMij^jiBi; 
revelation, illumination, or of Christ's imputed rightc^ 
jpefs : for Mr. Tennent is a (olid, learned, rational, aa^ juM 
. XMily a moral, but true holy man. The Rev. Po<£lor QfilfMf^ 
in a letter to me publifhed in the firft weekly pape^; prnted 
lit Glaffoiv^ writes thus of him : " .Wc xeccjiv^l (liq^i jgt 
as we did you, as an angel of Christ* jE^e yv^ a^upf^Ki|( 
and f^^fvent in labours, and.Gop has been pleajl^^to <M^ 
bis labours with abundant fuccefs." The .honQymMl^^fLnd 
truly pious Secretary ffi'illiard, writes thus.: ^< Theneiiaji-^jbi^ 
fo evidently the finger of God in directing you iotii tbis.fiy^ 
yince, and after your departure, the Rev. Mr. Tetmmty thcqi||h 
your earned: and importunate requeft to him, and in the w^Of 
derful fuccefs that has attended both his and your oiUuib^f^ 
as alfo the labours of our own minifters for fome months pafti 
I tlial 

[ 85 } 
that many whoi ]Iiee not the work, are fadlf p\ft to ity t* 
keep their eyes ftiutagainft the evidences thereof." 

The Rev. Mr. Cooper^ in a letter printed in the TVeekiy Hi^ 
floryy No. 2d, (which the prrnter has-miftaken for Colman^) 
calls him, ** Dear Mr. Tennent. He came/* fays he, " in 
the fuJnefs of the blefling of the gofpel indeed. He was: with 
Qs feveral months. Many thoufands were awakened, and I 
believe many truly converted. There is quite another face of 
religion in this town, as well as in many places in the coun- 
try. Many minifters as well as people are greatly quickened. 
Biefl&d be God, who put it into your heart to move him to 
come, and inclined his heart to come, and help us." I could 
bring a cloud of witnefles to teftify the falfenefs of the character 
giren to Mr. Gilbert Tennent by this letter-writer. The ac- 
count which he gives of himfelf to me in a letter publiflied in 
the iVeekly Htjtory^ No. is admirably fweet : his book, in- 
tilledy The Prefumptuous Sinner detecfed^ and his many printed 
fermons, and his preface to his deceafed brother's treatife upon 
the New Birthf which is now in the country (and which I 
would recommend) (hew him to be a man of great learning, 
Midity, and piety. And I am not without fome diftant 
hopes, that the people of Scotland will have an opportunity of 
bearing him ere long, and then they may judge for them-* 


After fuch a falfe and fcandalous character given of that 
ipreat man of God Mr. Gilbert Tennent^ I think I may juftly 
fufpeA the truth of all that this writer fays in the fubfequent 
part of the letter. From fuch a letter-writer as this, what 
tlr«th can we expeft ? 

■The writer hitnfelf gives me leave to fpeak in this manner. 
For he fcems to make the validity of what follows, to depend 
Qfi the chara£ler he gave of me and Mr. Tennent^ page the 
6tfr, *' From fuch men as thefe {IVbit e field 2lvA Tennent) and 
fli'ch doArines and ways of preaching as theirs, what fruit can 
yott expefl:" ? Now all he fays about me is, " That I col- 
ie£ted in New-England ^ or 600/. fterling for the Orphan- 
honfe in Georgia : that I was a bold and importunate beg- 
gsr,'' &c. This could have no influence upon the people's 
Blinds, to raifc a bad fpirit among the people. And as for 
the character he gives of Mr. Tennent^ I have proved it to be 

F z abfgluteljr 

I ?4 !.. 
abfoluc^Iy ftlfe :: cohfequently,. whatever he>,lMMlc]s v.ppa (tb 
fouadation of. Mr. Tenmnt*^ bad chafOi^^ amounu^ to hi 
thing at aUy (Ince ke.haanot proved the cbar^£)«r gjvca a 
him to be -true. 

But fuppofe Mr. Tennent was the man be ia repFefentedrit 
be, does it therefore follow that all. the great. an)d gloript 
work carried on in New-England^ by other minifters, and i 
other places where Mr. Tennent and I never were, is emhuji 
cfm and delujion f By no means \ and yet this is the whoJ 
drift of the pamphlet. 

Surely the writer knows not what fpirit he is of. In tbc i 
7, 8, 9, and loth pages, he reprefents things in a moft ridi 
culousdrefs, and takes upon him to condemn all the convert; 
to a man, (though he could not poflibly be acquainted wit 
the hundredth part of them,) as " Self- conceited, fuperfti 
tious, enthufiaftic, cenforious, flanderdus." At the farq 
time he fcems to ridicule the concern which the people wer 
under when they were brought to cry out, *' What (hall w 
do to be faved*" He laughs at them for afking one anothc 
«' How do you feel ? have you fcen Christ?" He boldly a 
fens, that " the boafted converts, not one in a hundred .c> 
ceptcd, make religion confift, in the feeling of inward impjn 
fes, impreffions, and in an inexplicable faith, joys, extafie 
hearing of fermons, and fuch like." In fliort, he by th 
and the whole drift of his letter, feems to me to be far froj 
deferving the charaQer given of him, in the advertifemcr 
affixed to the title-page of the pamphlet. 

Page the nth, he falls foul of Mr. Moorhead^ and fpe^fe 
almoft as freely of him as of Mr. Tennent. I cannot fay I W 
very intimate with Mr. Maorhead when at Bojlon : but tU 
letters that have lately come from him, and from others con- 
cerning him, befpeak him to be a man of a good fpirit, and piit 
whom God has bleffed with abundant fuccefs. And J hiVc 
great reafon to belVeve that he is a man rvot over credu- 
lous; becaufe I have beard from his friends here, tl>at.he 
did not overmuch favour the work of God that was^at 
Nartbamptcn in New-England fome years ago, and therefore 
probably, would not readily favour the late work in Bofton 
^nd other parts^^ had he not fufl^cient evidence that it was a 
work of God- 


f 85 3 

Page 14th, The letter writer takes upon him to aflert, 
*^ That a pamphlet publifhed in Scotland^ intitled, Chrijl riding 
inthi Chari^f nf Saivation^ is ftufFed with abominable lies/' 
As s proof of it, he urges, *' That the ftudents in Bofi$n^ got 
nothing by Whitefield and Tennent but enthujiafm^ pride, a con- 
tempt of their betters, &c." What they got by me I know 
not ; but I have gr^t reafon to believe they got fomething 
Aat was good, under God, by Mr. Ttnmnt ; for Dr. ColmaUy 
m a fetter to mt, which was printed in the Glafgow Weekly Hi-- 
y?»ry. No. I, Writes, ** At Cambridge the college is entirely 
changed ; the ftudents are full of Goo, will I hope come out 
bleiSngs in their generation, and 1 truft are fo now to each 
other. Many of them are now, we think, truly born agaift, 
and feveral of them happy inftruments of converfion to their 
fellows. The voice of prayer and praife fills their chambers ;• 
and fincerity, fervency, and joy, with ferioufnefs of heart, 
fit vifibly on their faces. I was told yefterday that not hwta 
of a hundred remain unaffefted. I know how the good tidings 
of this will affeft and pleafe you. God give you like joy 
every where in the fruit of your labours." 

And d\e honourable Secretary Williard about the fame time 
writes to me thus : *' But that which forebodes a more lad- 
ing advantage, is the new face of things at the college, where 
the imjprelEons of religion have been, and ftill are very ge- 
neral, and many in a judgment of charity brought home to 
Christ ; and divers gentlemen's fons, that were fent there 
only for a more polite education, are now fo full of zeal for 
the caufe of Christ, and of love to fouls, as to devote 
themfelves tdiirely to the ftudies of divinity." 

In the fame page he would fain tax Mr. Gilbert Tennent 
with a lie ; for it was he wrote the account in the Tf^eekly Hi-^ 
Jlory^ No. 1. Says he, " It is faid, when Mr. Gilbert Tennent 
preached at Marhlehead and Charles-Town^ his voice had like 
to have been drowned with their outcries," But he mif- 
takes, it is not faid fo : for I have fearched narrowly into 
the pamphlet and wedcly hiftory, and find no mention of an 
6utcry, but only a great (hock given at Marblehead, It was 
at PortfmeutL Mr. Gilbert Tennent writing to his brother fays, 
** That there were at Portfmouth and Charles-Town^ in time 
of fermon^ fuch outcries that his voice had like to have been 

F 3 drowned.'f 

[ w 1 

drdWned:^'^ I thihk M^iTertnent fs the btA'js^ erf* #bat ha a 
hcardt'Wilh.hift own ears. Mr. J. M^'b \i^ i^ttcWG^ar'Ah *- 
7<n<^,'itliJ>havftig ntmc^ heard a ^ord of thia frdlti the mMft«v » 
With whtBi he frequently » finverfed, is no pi^f it Wil5'ft<Eytfo, e 
It tn}ght"havel>een fo, arid yet not Com^-intb thef minfifi^s''^ i* 
mlrid to tell Mr. J. M. of it. ' ' ' -' : v : 

In the fame page, he finds BrUk with the ti^itrootits giveA of ^ 
feme young children "who talked of the things 'of Gbi>"« .- 
if they were people of 70 oi* 80 years. Alas ? ft^'w eafily ait ^ 
mankind deceived ! How fond arc they to impofe "on them* ■■ 
fclves and others 1 Some of.thefe I have cbnvcr(ed with'?*^ -- 
but did he convcrfc with aH, or with thefe mentF^ed in the - 
pamphlet f If not, how can he urge this as another lie in' the - 
pamphlet? Itake Mr. Abercromhy^ who fent the accbunt of the 
children!, and who is a preacher of good char^fliir, ' to be a ' 
better judge of the matter than Mr. A. M. But this" amny" ^ 
nious letter- writer, feems refolved to condemn every thing^fn 
the grofs. Indeed he fpcaks favourably cf the church 6f Eng- 
land. *' I muft do juffice, fays he, to the chiircb of Eviglw^i** 
page 16. ** There are three congregations of that way in 
Bojlon : they all live in love and peace 5 their mihiffiers fpcak 
againft'enthufiafm and bigotry every day; nbt ibovc three or 
four tit nioft, of fome thoufands that are of the epifcopal ftel"- 
fuafion, are taken with this hew-light (as they call it) ; they 
ail, fays he, ftand faft to the chqrch, and their numbers ' in- 
creafe very faft.'* 

One would imagine, by this, Mr. J. M. is a church 'of 
England man, and it {hould fecm a bigoted one too : and'tben 
no wonder he fpeaks againft the new-light. Their fhinrfti^rs 
I believe do preach agairift what I fear he terms enthufisttUr, 
^' The powerful feeling operations of the Holy Ghoft;" But 
I cannot think they preach fo much againft bigotry. F6f'ik 
a conference I held with all three of thofe mfhift^rs in So/tdn, 
the head of them, to prove that we ought all to be 'df'ihc 
church of £/7^/7«i, brought this text, "That they'mij^'bb 
all one, even as thou O father and I are one." They ajfirt 
baptlfmal regeneration^ deny perfeverance, and free joft'ific^tfeli 
by faith without works, and feem to think of Mr. Gitb'ert 
Tennent]uik a? this letter-writer docs. No wonder then he. is 
fo friendly to them. ''','' 


r »? ] 

..:iBttt: why ft^iAklft^^jr inorei rtr-vropWrbir enJltfs,*%nw^l:»« 
Uk;«<^ ^? pr6ciou^;time ,^<> be mofiei pf^f tif^ublt ill 

mgHexsx^Cii2i£b-Avention^d in^^ityijic^ a$ ^>3^bli^4^r]^f^r{)feachr 
mg in a hot day, page 13," and fonic other rthings,.,wbicfc 
Irca^aoot 4»)ce- u^a me to make repd^ies to, and which, if icue, 
will by, no ipaeans prove the late wprk.ofiGoD jn New-Mrtglfind 
Ip.'be oaly enthufiafm and delufion. Ere long I hope to fee 
iA B^fisn. . Theal will endeavour to. fend an impartial acgou^ 
' Indeed Mr. A, M. page 17. feema not to care for my. return fp 
B^/ioHm 641^ I hope to have a profperous journey- to them in 
iome month^.by the wiil of God, an^ ^^ how they do. 
. ,Iq tbe mean.Mrhile, give me leave to obferv^, that the pub- 
lifl^rs of this pamphlet (for I believe there are more than one 
concerned in it) have almoft faved me the trouble, and have 
uken an ciFetfJual way to confute themfelves. For they have 
anpexed to this letter, an ^^ Appendix, containing propfs fof 
the fadls in the. foregoing letter, extracted from fermons preach- 
ed by foJ:^e of the moft eminent minifters in New-England^ 
latply printed at BoJionJ* But thefe extrads by no nfjcans 
contfijQ, proofs of all the fails recorded in the foregoing letter, 
ronfequeotly a.ll the fails in the letter which are not proved 
by .thefc. extrails, we hayc reafon to doubt of. I have not an 
opportunity of getting all the fermons of the reverend minif- 
ters mentioned in the title page: but it grieved me, when I 
faw extrails taken out of. their writings to prove, that the 
Vfjx^ lately begun and carried on in New-England was enthu- 
iiafin, and delufion. This was the chief reafon of my writinjg 
yf^ this letter ; . |t will grieve them to hear that their writings 
baye beeji fifed to fo bad a purpofc. The compilers of the 
pamphlet have djcalt with their fermons ,, as the devil dealt with 
t)ie fcriptMre» y^hen he tempted our Lord in the wildernefs ; 
Lcn^an,^ marred and wholly mifapplied them. The publifhers 
Aile tt^em„ at the head of the appendix, fome of the moft emi- 
JDexit n|iini(ters in, New- England-^ anjcl depend much upon their 
auit^)0|5ity, to prove the fatSls of Mr. A. M*s letter. And I 
defir^ np other authority than thefe very eminent minifters 
jfefmons, out of whi<^h the cxtracls are taken, to prove that the 
work lately begun and carried on in New-England is not en- 
: * F 4 thu(iaf(9 

C 88 } 

.tt^uiiafm and delMftoo, but a great $uid mimrcUouB work of tibe li 
.Spirit pf God. . a 

^ The compilers, indeed, in order to mrice ihe world believe li 
they had been impart'ral, have publKheda. fentence or two^ i 
wherein Pr. Colman has written favoarably of the Orphan- i 
.houfe in Georgia j and fays, '' the order of it is admirable, fee," : 
. but this is only a difguife. For they have been far from a^ng 
f^ir in this refpeift. The Do<^or complains in the P. S. of 
that letter, page 44. that ^^ fome of my friends have made 
too free with my letters in printing only. part. of them, and 
ipiixing them with parts of others without diflinftiop." I think 
if, is myr duty to take all the blame from off myr^itiinds, upon 
myfelf, as to printing only parts of his letters ; (of J was the 
only perfon concerned ; but as for mixing them with others, 
without diitiiif^ion, I know nothing of it. The letters were 
fent to roe frpm the Dodtor. I thought it would be improper 
to pub^iifb any other parts of the Doctor's letters than what 
refpe^Sled the fuccefs of the glorious gofpel, and that I thought 
he would gladly have publiflied : but if the Doftor found , 
fauh with my friends; I am fure he juftly may blame thefe 
compilers who have publifhed only part of this letter of bb. 
One would have thought they (hould have taken a caution 
from this very P. S. But they were afraid, as it would feem, 
of the contents of it ; for a friend who has feen and read the 
whole letter, fends me the following extraift out of it, •'*I 
hope we are retrenching our fiq)erfluity and luxury; our 
.young people have thrown by much of their finery and gaiety, 
?ipd feem to have eye and heart on things fpiritual and heaven- 
ly 5 and if God build them up into families, with their pre- 
fent prudent pious difpofitions, it promifes greatly for the 
next generation, that glory will dwell in our land, and his 
work appear to children's children." And in that very part of 
it they have printed, the Do<Sor fays enough to overthrow 
the whole defign of the pamphlet, page 42. ^* AH this not- 
withdanding, there has been a great and glorious work of 
God going on among us, from the day of Mr. fFhitefielcts 
yilit to i|S." I have a fermon of the Doftor's now before mc, 
intitledy ** The word of God magnified by him^^ preached April 
22, 1742, wherein his teftimony is humbly given for the great 
a|[id wondrous work of Gpp's grace manifeft in many parts of 


r 89 ] 

the land." Th« Isfcft pQiragra|>h of lliat fetmon tegifis thtis. 
«* I clofc with giving glory to God, for the great and good 
work ofihift grace which he hath fo vifibly begun, fpread, and 
if carrying on in every part almoft of our provinces." This 
vserjr fermon I believe has been in the hands of the compilera ' 
of thia pamphlet. How then could they be fo bate-faced, and 
fe injurious, to the good man's chara6ter, as to pfint any part 
of his letter, to fubferve fo bafe a defign ? I believe they will 
Wit have the Dolor's thanks for this. 

The like treatment they have given the Rev. Mr. Tunlly 
another of the eminent minifters, from whom they have taken 
§xtra£l$ to pmve the fads of Mr. J. M'% letter. I am per- 
fuaded 'M.r.Turell will be much concerned to find any part of 
Us fermon thus mifufed ; and how the compilers of this pam-^ 
'pblct could dare to make this ufe of his writing, I cannot 
imagine; for, in the very firft page of the preface to that very 
-fermon, out of which they have taken their extradls, he fpeaks 
ot 'bimielf ^^ as one of the friends and zealous promoters of 
the good work :** nay he begins his preface with thefe words, 
*' the occaiion of my publifhing this brief direftion to my 
people, is partly to vindicate my charader, which has been 
injured by a report fpread^ that of a zealous promoter of the 
g|orioo3 work of God's grace and Spirit appearing, I am be* 
come an oppofer :" which fhews, that Mr. Tur^li would not 
cafe to be reprefented as an oppofer of that work, and con-* 
fequently would not chufe, that his writings (hould be pro* 
duced to prove the principal fafts in this letter of A. A/.'s, 
who would reprefent the whole as enchufiafm and delufion. 

What opinion Mr, Turell had of perfons of this gentleman's 
^irit, is evident from the fourth page of the fame preface, which 
the compilers of the pamphlet could not but fee. His words 
arc thefe, " As for the profane triumphs of the oppofers, (of 
Aich I mean] who attribute the whole of this glorious fcene 
tQ the devil, or wild enthufiafm, a heated imagination, &c. 
I deteft their opinion, though I am far from judging their ftate. 
I am confident that of the many that I have difcourfed with 
under the common impreffions (two or three excepted) they 
have been ail wrought upon in a way agreeable to the gofpel: 
and juft as I (hould have defired fome years ago. And I muft 
lefiify, to the glory of GoD^ and his fovereign rich grace, that 

I do 

It 9<»! I 

b^fia ierLoiV^YW/?Ug)^ti ^pp^nls .ak)4{ tbtfi/ajrfgnditmDpsit jof rtbcnir 

awakening." And, page i8, fays he,..<Vthe4iart)eiroC^/i^^i^ 
^^ajgd ^j^«i^/ei^though,fUa*1^^0.w:r) I -feavfi oni?fMwd,iigain 
5ientiflnfl4Hto jipu. wich/ hpfl(HW4..ibcy have lit^^if ffiifedi^^ 
©PjPt^P.^ft-^jbMnda^ice ofogood.-f. . How doi9^r,tb#^:^i:cc;;]Mfidi 
t^^^unjL Mr.^J* ^.givipp of the fpivit ruiff^vbyi'-u^ aoj 
yuh U)at^^i>4?^lous chara^r be giy^s of Mr^^i9i4^tfiii:ip^if0 
tif4flfff 9rt^n4 iwhen tbeCe quotations are parts aJlo<)£;Qnex>f^thQ 
tcca^i/e^,.fQUt^of .^yhich.^meof the extra£ls mefitjoDe^Miii |^ 
app(;^dix>^,j^.takjen, and are wriccen by one of thofeeminelil 
miojli^rs sybofe writings are referred to, to pro¥e.;thc prjiidi-p. 
pa^^fi^(2$ recorded in Mr; y/. ^/s letter, . : -../ ; 

But what furprifes me moft of all is> that th^y. fluHild MU 
tra£i any. thing from Mr. Parfins to prove Mr. .^ M.'si Wbt- 
tcrp pf fa<9:. Indeed, in the paiTage cited from b|m, pange.^^ 
of the pafnphlet, to ufe the words in the^ Ghjgow Wfi^Ji^ 
iiifioKh No. 35. I fee only, a warning againft raftily cottn 
eluding per/ons to be in a; converted ilate; becaufe, fomevifhA 
h^YjS. been thus well judged of do afterward^ fall a^a.y ifTA^ 
crrprs, or appear to be deluded, or turn out impoftor»;'aii4 
the warnitjg enfoi^ccd by an.inftance, and indeed. b;iW;.:hjr pn« 
inftance, .9f a perfon who was. a viiionary^. Mr* P^rfins\^f^^^ 
tion to oUjiers againft concluding too rafhly ,tliat 'pQopie^iaio 
convert^d^.is a prefumption, that he. is cautious inT^fhat^matteil! 
hjmfelf j, yet in this v^ry fermon of Mr. P«<r/^«i^; out ofi wbiokl 
the extra^s njentioned in the appendix are taj^e/l^'bo! fiiiyify 
pagq 44, >^ I hope not ]ef$ than an hundred aotd'^filty £NiJft 
ai;e co^iverted in about nine, n^ontbs pail :". ^hoiigh ^is f^iS^ 
is (hiall, cpnfiiiii^ig only of lao families. I could, hcar^tily wifti 
that the vvbole fermon was printed 4 it is <lir6<a]y.JiWe^i^d.,,ift 
many parts of it.agai;ift perfons of Mr. //. 4^'« i^mtr^xA 
feftfiment3,^^nd is intcndied as a^ needful cautioft for %)m6^ 
Ifttejy converted, to avoid ex treme^, and take care, to ,VAlfe 
qpnfiijentijr. J J?^:^?? all ^Jopg ^^n a great proi^u)ter of .ihii 


tsmufinifchatrilener^e^wakeft) an h^Ci^riible^iM^nitiidil <^Mt: 
Twirf««^^¥ifba»c.rcafony«*»fs<fe^iW Wk'tMhiiih that ht 
fajrhhnforourtelpl and iB<ke«t'bJ« aii^|tt|iiiyy'Aflftt^, IRtid 
hiUliboUrB i¥cre bleflfed ^- g^d'-^'toOrftgeiiin&-fh6ck tbai 
•fipcarte* atthc very tim^.^* * •' ' ' ' '^ - 

•The diber cmwicnt mimftcr* fefftidns I hav'iJ not yettect 
tpfcb: bat I ha?e gf^at reafon t6 betieve they have been treated 
ibithe^fafrfeYttiann^r: the time m^uW fail me, dfear S?f, *t6 ^fefrf 
JOB a^l the voiuchers that might be produced fo\! th^'gWfidtfif 
V(^^ in New^England. Meffrs. JTeiky Coopir tiii PHhA?j 4A' M 
ftefiottos: ktmon by Mr. M^Gregor^ a prefbyt^iart^fniMfter,' 
«f4^.hfch I hope alfo will be reprinted, fpeak'iibbly'bPftf.^ 
M?; Mkvdtds's (ermon I think « moft adm!rabfc,^and''^hilWrf* 
altihe dbjeaioris that Mr. A. M, or others can'ifri^e afgainft 
it. In fliort, if any work had all marks of a divfnc fignattire^- 
tWd undoubtedly has. r ■ *' 

'^ When I tonfider how Mr. J. M. fo quarrels with it, and 
^^rid^vdurs^W ntprefent it in fo ridiculous a light, I cannot but 
wife W may confider Rom* viii. 7. i Cor, ii. 14. ** The carnil 
rtind is ehmify againft God; and the natural man 'dircerncrii: 
ftfitthe things of the fpirit of GoD, becaufe they a'r^ fpi ritual ly 
*fefcrned." The fum of the matter feems to be" th!s ;' there 
bw been a grijat and marvellous work in New- England : biit^ 
*f ft fhould leem, by the imprudences of fome, arid the over-* 
knifing aea! of others, fome irregularities have been com- 
ittktri ift fevtral places, which Mr. Tennent himfelf, in a 
letter t6 Mr. ParfonSy printed in the Bnjlon Gazifie^ has 
'fe'fte his tjcftimony againft^ as ftrongly as any of thefe etni- 
**(M: mihiftcrsi This, dear Sir, is nothing but what is com- 
fl^ . It was fo in Old-England fome few years ago. Many 
yi»fttijg perfijns there, ran out before they were called : others 
^1* gtrilty 6( great imprudences. I checked them in the 
flfi(&^ft manner- myfelf, and found as they grew acquainted 
^th the -Lord }esus, and their own hearts, the intempe- 
^^t tf their zeal abated ; and they became truly humble 
^fkefs' with Goo. After a gathering, there vfiW ilwajr^'be 
^•fiftittg tmt : and the church is generally ftaken before it is 
**ded» Bat mjuft the whole work of God Be xondchm^d as 


I 9^ 1 

pnthufiafm and dclufion becaufe of fome difordcr f No, I wi(h 
y^ith ail my foul, that tbofe who extracSled from Mr. Parfont^ 
had obfcjcvcd what he fays, page 41, and 42. ^* It is very much 
to be feared, fays he, (fpeaking to perfons who cried down tht 
whole work of God becaufe of the imprudences and mifcar* 
riages of a few) '^ that you are ftrangers to the fanfiifyln'g in- 
fluences of the Holy Ghoft, when you can fo eafily pafs over 
the table of the rich dainties which God fpreads for his own 
children, which while they feaft upon, their fouls arc drawn 
out in rivers of pleafure and love ; and like the crow, light 
upon, and greedily pick up, every bit of filthy carrion yon 
can meet with/' » 

Dear Sir, as I allow you to publifh my letter ; out of com- 
paffion to the compilers and publifhers of the pamphlet, I 
cannot but exprefs my concern, that they may ferioufly con- 
Cder, whether this meniioned by Mr. Parfons be not diretftly 
their cafe. And that they may take heed left the GO0 of this 
world may have blinded their eyes : fince they jhad this and 
the other fermons before them, they muft fin againft light and 
knowledge in publifhing fuch a tra£l. And therefore, to ufe 
the words of Mr. Parfons in his fermon, page 42. ^* It is not 
poffible that you fhould be innocent, but on ^he contrary 
plunge yourfclves under amazing guilt, by fuch a dreadful 
condudl. Whilft you ftand amazed at the rings of the wheels, 
as things too high and dreadful for you ; whilft you know not 
what to make of the eff'ufions of the Holy Spirit, hut are 
blundering ^t every thing amifs 5 when God is working a 
work of his aftoniftiing grace before your eyes which you will 
.not believe; beware left that come upon you, which is fpokcn 
of in the prophets, ** Behold, ye defpifers, and wonder arid 
perifc!" Dear immortal fouls, I befeech and perfuade you, by 
the mercies of God and the aftonifliing love of the Lord 
Jesus Christ, that you would not facrifice the operations of 
the blefled Spirit to your own prejudice, by means of our im- 
perfections : I befeech and charge you by the coming of the 
great Jehovah in the word of his grace, -that you do not 
defpife his glorious name, and the riches of his mercy,>now 
offered to you. I charge and admonifh you by the dignity 
and worth of your immortal fouls ; by the powerful impreffi- 
ons of an approaching change 4 by the certain tremendous 
7 appearing 

appearing of- the Great Judge; by the inexpreffible agonies of 
hell, aa4 iocpnceivable joys of an everlafting heaven, that 
you do no longer rejefl:, nor once, mofe cavil againft the glo- 
rious intereft and kingdom of the blefled Jesus triumphing at 
this day) and inviting the miferable flaves of the devil, to be- 
come the happy fubjefts of k, I warn and charge you be* 
fore the great God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the 
holy Angels, upon your peril, thfit you take diligent hied to 
thefe things. And if you rejed to hear, if you dare reje£t, or 
boldly defpife .the admonition, remember ybu are anfwerable 
at the great tribunal, and muft expert a moft fearful fharo 
of torments among the damned world, for fuch unfpeakable 

Thus (peaks this great and good man : my heart warmed, 
dear Sir^ wbilft I was reading his difcourfe j it is clofe, fuc- 
cihft and powerful : how could the publilhers, after reading 
fpch a dreadful warning, print any thing out of his fermon, - 
to prove the work in New-Englandy to be cnthufiafm ? I would 
heartily join with him and the other minifters in "New- England j 
yas I there, in bearing a faithful tefliinony againft any thing 
thati might judge to be inconfiftent with the precious rules of , 
the holy fcriptures. At the fame time I pray, that even the ^\ 
minifters themfelves may aft with the fame caution they re- 
commend to their people, and then I doubt not but we (ball 
fee a happy end put to what may now be irregular or dif- 
orderly. The dear Redeemer has afTured us, *' that the gates 
of hell (hall never prevail agairift his church.'* He will caufc 
that all things (hall work together for her good. The wrath 
of man (hall turn to his praife,. and the remainder of it (hall 
he reftrain ; he will bring order out of confufion, and the 
church (hall be more than conqueror through his love. I will 
therefore conclude this long letter, with the words of the 
jp.falmift in the fecond pfalm, 

Why rage the heathen ? . and vain thfngs, 

Why do the people mind ? 
'^^ a. Kings of the earth do fet themfelves. 

And Princes are combinM 
To plot againft the LoltD, and his 

Anoihtedy faying thus. 

I] 94n ] 

An4, caft their curds fixMD ua. ; .:v. vjii/',^;/. 
. ., 4^ JJj» U>»( in heaven fits» (b&ll lau^ : ■ 

.^ Xhe Lord (haU fqorn ihcm all.- . /i . »*: ..r: 

5^ T}i^n (hall he fpeak torthsm in wratb^^ .• ^ g 

. Jf» rage he v€x them iball.- 

.^ 6. Yet nocwkhflandinig I have liim > i 

^.Tobe cny King appointed^ ..» 

, And over Sion, my holy hill, j 

I^ayc him King anointed. .^■ 

Iff port this aflurance, I reft in peace, and am, reyercnd andt 
jKear Sr, in the kingdom and patience of Jesus, 

Your aftedionate and obliged fr'iiqnd» 

brother and fcrvaht, 

By way of P. S. to this letter, give me leave to fend you 
a copy of the preface to Mr. McGregor* s fermon, to which I 
have referred in my letter, and which is figned by three emm* 
iient minifters of iS^/^^w. Dated, BoJlon^'Jan. i2, 1742. i^fifs' 
will give you k clear infight into what body of doQrihes *ii^ 
p?r6fcffed and taught by the promoters of this work : hov^' 
fdr they are from bigotry, iand alfo may explain how tbe^ 
remairtthg violent oppofcrs of "thofe doSrines came to be io 
much ex?fperated. 

The PfeEFACE to Mr. McGregor's Sef fnon. ' " 

A.S all the proteftant churches in Europe^ both Epifcopalian 
and PreJbyUrian^ happily agreed at the time of the Rftr 
formation in the fcripture do<Slrines of grace, as appears by/ 
the publiibed harmony of their cpnfeffions ; in particular, the: 
church of Scotland in 1560, the cfhurch of England in i^bl^'^i 
and ;the church oi Inland in 1616 ; fo it muft be owned that 
thp Prefbyteriaps have generally perfevered in a ftcady adhe* 
re^ce to thcp original do^trineaof the Reformation, to the pre-« 
fent day. r , 

And. as the Aflimbly's fhortcr catechifm has been all along- 
agreeable to, 4ihe known principles of the New-Englani 
chupches, apd.lsaa: been generally received and taught in; 


them, as a fyftcm of bbpiftiaaiidoiftfiritf ^gWealsl^tb^ht Holy 
Scriptures, wherein they 'toapt>yisr-uiiite';i^i{i4s>2k'f^at pleafure 
to us, that our Preibyterlastibrjecli^en ^hb*coi»t* flf^iJr eland 
are generally with us. in there important pioirfts,''^ alfo in the 
particular doiSb-ines .of expctimenial' piety -*riri rig- f font them, 
and the wondrous work laS Gm» agreeable ;to tliem, at this 
day making its triumphant progrefstlvpdiigh the land j all nowr 
happily combining to illuftrate :and <x>ftfiyfficaqW other in fo 
glaring and ftrong a manner as w irrefiftible to feritfus and^ 
unprejudiced beholders ; and has al/eady forced tnany men of 
clear minds, ftrong powers, confidcrable knowledge, zi^ firipljt 
riveted in Atminian and Socinian tenets, to givcj them ajl iip^ 
at once, and yield to the adorable fovereigrity and irrefiftibi- 
lity of the 0ivin'6 Spirit in his faving operations on the fouls 
pf m^n. 

For to fee on the one hand, fuch men as thefe, fome of 
them pf licentious lives, long inured in a courfe of vices, and 
cff higtl' fpirits, coming to the preaching of the word, fome 
only.out 9f curipifity, others with a flrong antipathy and mcep 
dcfigp'^t95et matter of cavilling and banter; all at once, ia 
oppofitic^i to their inward enmity, refolutions and reiiftances^ 
to fajl upder an unexpeiled and hated power ; to h^vc all the 
ftrength of their refolution and refiftance taken away; to have 
fuch an inward view of the horrid wickednefs not only qf thc;ir 
lives, but alfo of their hearts, with their exceeding ;great;ao4« 
immediate danger of eternal mifery, as has amazed their fouls 
and thrown them into diftrefs tinutterable, yeaforce^l tbcm to 
cry out in the aflemblies with the greateft agonies : and then 
in two or three days, and fometimes fooner, to have fuch uM 
e3£pd£M and raifed views of the Infinite grace and love of 
QoD in .Christ, as have enabled them to believe in liirrtj 
lafcd them at once out of their diftreffcs, filled theTr hearts 
wjtk. admirations and joy unfpeakable, and full of glorf, 
breaking. forth in their fhining countenance and trahfponing 
vdce& to the furprifc of thofe about them : and to fee them 
Icindlinj^ up at once, into a flame of love and praifeto God, 
an utter deteftation of their former courfes and vicious habits; 
yea by fuch a deteftation the very power 'of ' ^hofe habits* at 
once receive a mortal wound: in (hort^ to fee th^eir high Tpirit* 
pa a fiidden humUed, thek hardjiear(» na/Ae-ttndcr;'^^^}^ 


[ "96 1 

averfion from the Holy God now turned into nrpowtt^ul and 
prevailing bent to contemplate upon him as revealed in 
Christ, to labour to be like him in holinefs, to pleafe and 
honour him by an univerfal and glad conformity to his wilt 
and nature, and promote his holy kingdom in all about themi 
loving ihem, forgiving them, afking forgivenefs of themf 
abounding in a£ls of juftice and charity, in a meek and con" 
defcending carriage towards the meaneil, and afpiring after 
higher fan(^ity. 

And to fee other gentlemen of the like, knowledge, parts 
and principles, and of fober, jud and religious lives, as far 
as their meer reafon with outward revelation are able to carry 
them, and prepofTeiTed againft this work as imagined entbu« 
fiafm, yet at once furprizingly to find themfelves intirely. 
deftitute of that inward fan£lity, and fupreme love to GoD^ 
and holinefs, which the gofpcl teaches as abfolutely needful 
to fee the kingdom of grace and glory ; to find themfelves 
no more than conceited Pharifees, who had been working 
oat a righteoufnefs of their own for j unification ^ and to have 
a clear difcovery .of their inward enmity to Christ, aiid iM 
nature and way of redemption by him, with the native 
%vilenefs of their hearts and lives, they had never ieen bcforei 
in fhorty to find themfelves yet unrenewed in the fpirit oF 
their minds, and under the heavy wrath and curfe of GoD| 
to open into the clear difcovery of their pad delufions ; to find 
the hardneft of their hearts, the blindnefs of their minds^ 
and their utter impotence to convert themftlves, or bdieve 
in Chrisx I to lofe all their former confidence, give up theif 
keloved fchemes, fee themfelves undone and helplefs, and fink 
into a great diftrefs : and then condemning themfelves as 
guilty wretches, humbly lying at the foot of ablbltite aikt 
Ibvereign Grace, aj;id looking up to Christ the .only Me^ 
diator to reconcile. them to the glorious GoD^ to juftify theffi- 
Wholly by his own moft perfeft righteoufnefs, and to eft-» 
lighten, quicken, fan£lify, dwell in, and govern them by his 
Almighty Spirit ; and there to wait till they find a new anil 
Qiighty life and power come into their fouls, enabling tfaeai 
to embrace, truft in, and love this divine Redeemer, rejoice 
with fattsfadion in him, and perform every kind of duty both 
to Gop and man with pleafureV and w^l^ quite. anottujt fiamtf 
iftd rpiiic iban before* - 


r 97 ] 

Such great and fuddcn turns as thefc, are as evident dc- 
monftration as we can poffibly coriceive of the truth of the 
iofpired fcripturcs, and in particular of thofe fcripture doc- 
trines, of the fovereign and vi£iorious grace of Christ, 
received and taught among us : we fee with our eye, that 
when he rideth forth on the word of truth, conquering and 
to coaquer, his right-hand teaches terrible things. He makes 
his arrows fo (harp and piercing in the hearts of his ftouteft 
enemies, as oblige them to fall down under him ; and when 
the day of his power comes on any people, he makes the 
moft ohftinate to be moft gladly willing and obedient to him. 
And thctc principles of grace ^^ and thefe worh ^God, do moft. 
invincibly confirm each other. 

And though it muft be owned with forrow, that fome 
few who fee thefc wondrous works continue unconvinced, 
yet this is no more ftrange than that fome of the moft 
learned and religious pien, as were the Scribes and Pharifees, 
who faw the wondrous works of Christ on earth, yet con- 
tinued unconvinced that they were th« works of God, yea 
purfued him with unrelenting enmity and violence. HoWever, 
it is a reviving confolation to us, that as this work furpriz- 
ingly goes on from town to town, it goes on more and more 
tofilence the moft fierce oppofers : though mighty oppofiti- 
ons rife at firft, it bears them down before it, and our more 
mighty Saviour feems refolved to go on ftill from conquer- 
ing to conquer. 

In vain do its remaining enemies attempt to braiid it with 
the name enthufiafm. For this \% like the ^^\\\\\^ Romans 
branding the Jewijh religion with the hated name of fuper- 
flition; and if this work is truly enthufiafm, then we have 
been wholly miftaken in the meaning of the word : and what 
they call enthufiafm, is a glorious and blefled work of God, 
moft powerfully and fuddenly changing the very hearts and 
lives of men ; making them in a great degree like to Christ 
in love, and righteoufnefs, and holinefs, and meeknefs, and 
humility; filling their hearts with holy joy, and their mouths 
with praifes. 

But we muft remit the remaining oppofers to the law and 

teftimony of God himfelf in the infpired oracles ; as doth 

our reverend and dear brother the author of the following 

Vol, IV. G * valuable 


[ 98 ] 

valuable fermon. And we are glad on this occafion to joltt 
our ceftiaK)ny with him, both to the fame doflrines of gracc^ 
and to the wondrous work of God agreeable to them; as Hfm 
to declare our great fatisfadion to fee him and others of our 
faid prefbyterian brethren concurring with^us in them j with 
our apprebenfion that our uniting in thefe important points,^ 
is (kch a powerful band of union in chriftian love and felloiift^ 
fhip^ as ihould overcome the remains of every kind of pre-? 
judice that may yet fubfift among our people : and our earneft 
wiihes, that with a tender and meek forbearance of each' 
other in different fentiments about church order and govern- 
■lent, we may all unite in maintaining and promoting thde 
more excellent and momeptous points of grace, and yital 

Thomas Prince^ 
^^Qiiy Jan, 12, 1742. John Webb, * 

William Gooper.^ 



^1 A B R I E F 


im . OF THE 

Occafion, Procefs, a77d Ifliie, 

Of a Late 

R I A I 


Assize held at Gloucester, March 3, 1743^ 


Some of the People called Methodists, Plaintiffs, 


Certain Perfons of the Towa of Minchin-Hampton, 
in the faid County, Defendants. 

I N A 


Andtjohen the tvum-clerlt hadappeafed the people , be faid, Te men e/'Ephefus, *wbat 
9an is there that knotvetb not bviv that the city of the EphcHans is a luorjhifper of 
the great goddefs Diana^ and of the image ivhicb fell down from Jupiter. Seeing then 
that tbeje things cannot hefpoken againft, ye O'/ght to be quiet ^ and to do nothing rajhly. 
For ye have brought hither tbefe men, which are neither robbers of (hurcbes, nor yet 
blefpbemers of your goddefs. Wherefore if Demetiius, and the craft fmen lohich are 
vith bint, have a matter againfi any man, the lato is open, and there are deputies ; let 
them implead one another. But if ye enquire ary thing concerning other matters, it JhaU 
be determined in a lazvful ajfembly. For we are in danger to be callrd in quefliou for 
this day*s uproar^ there bang no caufe whereby tve may give an account of this concourfe, 

Afts xix. 35—40. 

G 2 


A C C O U N T, e^r. 

My dear Friend j London^ March 12, 1744^ 

0N Thurfday evening I came hither from the Gkucefter 
affixes, where I have been engaged in a trial between 
fome of thofe who are called Methodifts, and ibme violent 
rioters. Perhaps this news may a little ftartle you^ and put 
you upon enquiry (as it hath done fome others) *< How we 
came to go to law with our adverfaries, when It is our 
avowed principle to fufFer patiently for the truth's fake ?'' I 
will tell you, my dear friend : though perhaps there is nothing 
in the world more abufed than the law, and there are very few 
that go to law out of a proper principle ; yet we hold, that 
there is a proper ufe of it, and the law is good, when ufed 
lawfully. Whether or know we have ufed it lawfully in the 
prefent cafe, I (hall leave my friend to judge, after I have told 

him the motives that induced. us to engage in it. The 

Methodifts, you know, are every where accounted enthufiafts, 
in the worft fenfe of the word ; but though they are accounted 
fuch, yet they would not be enthufiafts in reality. Now we 
look upon it to be one fpecies of enthufiafm, to expert to at* 
tain an end, without making ufe of proper means. We alfo 
think, that believers (hould be very careful not to be fond of 
fufFering perfecution, when they may avoid it, by making 
application to the high powers. We are likewife of opinion, 
that good chriftians will be good fubjeds, and confequently it 
is their duty, as much as in them lies, to put a ftop to ^vetj 
thing, in a rightful way, that may prove deftruflive to the 
king or the government under which they live. Chriftian 
minifters, in particular, we think, ought to confider the weak- 
nefs of people's grace, and, in pity to precious fouls, do what 
they can to remove every thing out 0/ the way, that may dif- 
G 3 courage 

[ IC2 ) 

courage or prevent poor people's hearing the evcrlafting goi 
pel. Thefe confiderations, my dear friend, for fome tim 
part*, have led me to examine whether the MethodiJIs in gene 
ral (and I myfclf in particular) have aded the part of goo 
fubjedls, and judicious chrlftian minifters, in fo long neglcfl 
ing to make an application to the fuperior courts, and puttini 
in execution the wholefoir.e laws of the land, in order to pre 
vent thofe many'dreadful outrages which have beeircommitt^ 
againft us. I need not defcend to particulars. Our Weeki 
Hijiory is full of them ; and before that came out, fevcralc 
our brethren, both in England 2^^iS IVales^ have received muc 
damage from time to time, and been frequently in great ha 
^ard of their lives. Wutjhire has been very remarkable ft 
mobbing and abufing the Methodiils ; and, for about te 
months laft paft, it has alfo prevailed very much in GUucefiei 
Jhire^ efpecially at Hampton^ where our friend Mr. Adam hi 
a dwelling-houfe, and has been much blefled to many peopl 
This difpleafed the grand enemy of fouls, who ftirred i 
many of the bafer fort, privately encouraged by fome of 
higher rank, to come from time to time, in great number 
with a low-bell and born, to befct the hoiife, and beat ar 
abufe the people. About the beginning of July laft, the 
oppofition feemed to rife to the higheft. For feveral da] 
they afle/i.blc^d \n great bodies, broke the windows, and mot 
bed ;he people to fuch a degree, that, many expe(Sled to b 
murde;eJ, aud hid themfelves in holes and corners, to avoi 
the rage of their adverfartes. Once, when I was there, the 
continued from four in the afternoon till midnight, rioting 
giving loud huzzas, cafting dirt upon the hearers, and maldn, 
proclamations, *' That no Anabaptifts, Prefbyterians, &c 
fhould preach there, upon pain of being firft put into a ikin 
pit, and afterwaids into a brook." At another time the 
pulled one or two women down the (lairs by the hair of thei 
heads. And on the loth of July they came, to the number ( 
near a hundred, in their ufual way, with a low- bell and hort 
: about five in the afternoon, forced into Mr. Adams^% houfi 
and demanded him down the flairs whereon he was preaching 
took him out of his houfe, and threw him into a fkin-pit fu 
of noifome things and. ftagnated water. One of our friend: 
named Williams^ alking them, " If they v^rcre not afliamcd \ 
7 ' fer^ 

Carve an Innocent inan fo ? " they put hiih into the (ame 
pic twice, and afterwards beat him, and dragged hini along 
tBe kennel. Mr. Adams quietly returned home, and betook 
himfelf to prayer, and exhorted the people to rejoice in fuffer- 
ing for the fake of the gofpel. In sfbout half an hour, they 
came to the hpufe again, dragged him down the ftairs, and 
led him away a mile and a half to a place called Bourn-brook^ 
and then threw him in. A ftander-by, fearing he might be 
drowned, jumped in and pulled him out; whereupon another of 
the rioters immediately pufhed him into the pool a fecond tlme^ 
and cut his leg againft a (tone, fo that he went lame for near a 
fortnight. Both the conftable and juftices were applied to^ 
but refufed to aft ; and feemed rather to countenance the 
mobbing, hoping thereby Methodifm (as they called it) would 
be put a ftop to, at Hampton. For a feafon they 
gained their end. There was no preaching for fome time^ 
the people fearing to affemble on account of the violence of 
the mob. Upon my return to town, 1 advifed with my 
friends what to do. We knew we wanted to exercife no re- 
venge againft the rioters, and yet we thought it wrong that 
the gofpel {hould be flopped by fuch pcrfons, when the go- 
vernment under which we lived countenanced no fuch thing; 
and alfo, that it was abfurd to thank God for wholefome 
laws, if they were not to be made ufe of. We knew very 
well, that an Apoftle had told us, that magiftrates were or- 
dained for the punifhment of evil doers 5 and that they beai* 
not the fwofd in vain. We were alfo fearful, that if any of 
our brethren {hould be murdered by future riotings (as in alt 
probability they might), we fhould be acceflary to their deatljj 
if we negledled to tie up the rioters hands, which was all we 
defired to do. Befides, we could not look upon this as allowed 
perfecution, fince it was not countenanced by the laws of thd 
land, and we might have redrefs from thefe rioters and inferior 
magiftrates, by appealing to Cafarj whofe real friends and 
loyal fubjiiSts we judged ourfelves not to be, if we fufFered 
his laws to be publicly trampled under foot by fuch notorious 
. noting J and which, though begun againft the Methodifts^ 
might terminate in open rebellion againft King George. For 
. thefe and fuch like reafons, we thought it our duty to move 
for an information in the King's'Ben:h againft five of the fing- 

G 4 leaders^ 

[ 1^4 1 

leaders, and fixed upon the riot which they made on Stmdar 
July 10, when they put Mr. Adams and Williams into th 
fkin-pit and brook. But before this was done, I wrote a lei 
ter to one whom they called Captain, defiring him to infori 
his aflbciates, " That if they would acknowledge their faul 
pay for curing a boy's arm, which was broken the night 
was there, and mend the windows of Mr. Adams*$ houfe, va 
would readily pafs all by ; but if they perfifted in their re(c 
lutions to riot, we thought it our duty to prevent their doin^ 
and others receiving, further damage, by moving for an in 
formation againft them in the King's- Bench J"* I alfo fent 
copy of this letter to a minifter of the town, and to a juftic 
of the peace, with a letter to each from myfelf : but all i 
vain. The rioters fent me a moft infolent anfwer, wrote m 
word, " They were in high fpirits, and were refolved then 
Ihould be no more preaching in Hampton.** Finding then 
irreclaimable^ we moved the next term for a rule of court ir 
the King 5' Bench to lodge an information againft five of tht 
ring-leaders, for the outrage committed, violence offered, and 
damage done to Mr. Adams and tVilliamSj on Sunday^ July lO. 
The- rioters were apprized of it, appeared by their council, 
and prayed the rule might be enlarged till the next term. Ii 
was granted. In the mean while they continued mobbing 
broke into Mr. Adams's houfe one Saturday night at clevei 
o'clock, when there was no preaching, made thofe that wer 
in bed get up, and fearched the oven, cellar, and every corne 
of the houfe, to fee whether they could find any Methodifti 
Some time after, they threw another young man into a mud 
pit three times fucceflively, and abufed the people in a dread 
ful manner. The next term came on. We proved our a9cu 
rations by twenty-fix affidavits ; and the defendants makin 
no reply, the rule was made abfolute, and an informatio 
filed againft them. To this they pleaded not guilty 
and, according to the method in the crown-office, the caul 

was referred to the afEze held at Gloucejier^ March 3d. 

Thither I went, and on Tuefday morning laft the trial cam 
on. It was given out by feme, " That the Methodifts wer 
to lofe the caufe, whether right or wrong.'* And I believ 
the Defendants depended much on a fuppofition, that th 
gentlemen and jury would be prejudiced againft us. W 


I 105 } 

wtrt eafy, knowing that our Saviour had the hearts of all in 
his hands. Being aware of the great confcquenccs of gaining 
w lofing this trial, both in refpeft to us and the nation, Wfc 
tcpt a diy of fafting and prayer through all the focieties both 
in England and fFales. Our Scotch friends alfo joined with us, 
and chearfully committed our caufe into his hands by whom 
lings reign and princes decree juftice. We had about thirty 
witnefles to prove the riot and fads laid down in the informa- 
tion. Our council opened the caufe (as I heard, being 
not prefent when the trial begun) with much folidity and 
found reafoning : they (hewed, " That rioters were not to 
be reformers ; and that his Majefty had no where put the reins 
of government into the hands of mobbers, or made them judge 
or jury.** One of them in particular, with great gravity re- 
minded the gentlemen on the jury of the advice of Gamaliel^ z 
doftor of the law, recorded J^s v. 38, 39. ** Refrain from 
thefe nfien, and let them alone ; for if this council, or this 
work, be of men, it will come to nought : but if it be of 
God, ye cannot overthrow it, left haply ye be found even 
to fight againft God.** Our witnelTes were then called. I 
came into court when the fecond witnefs was examining. 
Hir, Adams and four more (three of which were not called 
Methodifts) fo clearly proved both the riot and the fafts laid 
to the charge of the Defendants, that the Judge was of opi- 
nion there needed no other evidence. The council for the 
Defendants then rofe, and exerted a good deal of oratory, 
'aiid I think faid all that could well be faid, to make the bed: 
of a bad matter. One urged, *' That we were enthufiafts, 
and our principles and practices Jiad fuch a tendency to infeft 
and hurt the people, that it was right, in his opinion, for any 
private perfon to ftand up and put a ftop to us ; and whoever 
^y fo, was a friend to his country,*' He ftrove to influence 
the jury, by telling them, *' That if a verdift was given 
^ainft the Defendants, it would coft them two hundred 
pounds : that the Defendants rioting was not premeditated j 
°"t, that coming to hear Mr. Adams^ and being offended at 
"*s doftrine, a fudden quarrel arofc, and thereby the unhappy 
men were led into the prefent fray, which he could have 
gifted had not happened 5 but however it did not amount to 

a riot, 

were fubjedls, and rioters were not to be their reformers/*— ^ 
He alfo reminded them of the dreadful ill confequences of 
rioting at any time, much more at fuch a critical time as thiss 
that rioting was the fore-runner of, and might end in, rebel* 
lion ; that it was felony, without benefit of clergy, to pult 
down a meeting-houfe ; and, for all as he knew, it was high- 
treafon to pull down even a bawdy-houfe. That this informa- 
tion came from the King's-Bench ; that his Majefty's jufticea 
there thought they had fufficient reafon to grant it j that the 
matters contained in it had been evidently pi-oved before then^ 
and confequently they fhould bring all the Defendants in 

Upon this the jury were defired to confider of their verdi<9# 
There feemed to be fome little demur annongft them. His 
Lordfhip perceiving it, informed them, ** They had nothing 
to do with the damages, (that was to be referred to the King^s- 
Bench) they were only to confider whether the Defendants 
were guilty or not." Whereupon, in a few minutes, they 
gave a verdiS for the profecutors, and brought in all the Dt- 
fendants, ^' guilty of the whole information lodged againft 
them." I then retired to my lodgings, kneeled down, and 
gave thanks, with fome friends, to our all-conquering £/7i- 
manueL Afterwards I went to the inn^ prayed, and re- 
turned' thanks with the witnefTcs, exhorted them to behave 
with meeknefs and humility to their* ad verfaries, and after 
they had taken proper refre(hment fent them home rejoicing. 
In the evening I preached on thofe words of the Pfalmift, 
•* By this I know, that thou favoureft me, fmce thou haft 
not fufFered mine enemy to triumph over me." God was 
pleafed to enlarge my heart much. I was very happy with 
my friends afterwards, and the next morning fet out 
for London^ where we have had a blefled thankfgiving fea- 
fon, and from whence I take the firft opportunity of fend- 
ing you as many particulars of the dccafion, progrefs, and 
iffue of our trial, as I can well rccollcft. What report his 
Lordftiip will be pleafed to make of the cafe, and how the 
Defendants will be dealt with, cannot be known till next 
tcfm ; when I know I (hall apprize you of it, as alfo of our 
behaviour towards them. In the mean while let me entreat 


£ 109 3 

you fo give tbanks to the blefTed Jesus In our behalf, and 
to pray that his word may have free courfe, may run and be 
glorliied, aAd a flop be put to all fuch rebellious proceedings. 
I remain. Sir, 

Your very afFe^ionate friend, and humble fervant, 

George Whitefield. 

f ^* For more particulars of this, affair, fee Vol. II. Let* 
^rs ^26, 527, 529, 545, 549, and 550. 

A L E T- 



T O T H E 

Rev''. Thomas Church, M. A. 

Vicar of B a t t e r s e a, and Prebendary of 
St. Pauj-*s ; 

I N 


T O H I S 

Serious and Expoftulatory Letter 

T O T H E 

Rev^ George Whitefield, 

On Occafion of his late Letter to the Bifhop 
of London, and other Bifhops. 


t «'« 3 

LETTER, ^c. 

London^ May ti^ 1 744* 
&evirend Sir^, 

I Have read your eJtjpoftulatory letter^ and thank you for pre* 
fixing your nam^. Had the author of the obfervationd 
been fo ingenuous, he would have faved you and me fonie 
trouble ^ but as he hath not, and the pamphlet was publifhed 
in fuch a way, I cannot think myfelf juftly chargeable with 
ill-manhets or cenforioufnefs^ ' for treating him and their 
Xx>rd(hips concerned^ in the manner I have done. Our Sa« 
viour dealt always very plainly with the rulers of the Jewijb 
£burcb ; and when one was oiFended^ and faid, <^ Mafier, 
thus faying^ thou reproached us alfo," he was fo far from re-^ 
canting^ that he faid> ** And woe unto you alfo ye lawyers/' 
In the fame fpirit, the proto-martyr Stephen addreiTed hiinfel^ 
10 the Jewijb Sanhedrim^ and faid unto them^ ** Ye ftiiF- 
necked and uncircumcifed in hearts and ears, ye do always 
itlift the Holy Qhoft ; as your fathers did^ fo do ye.'' And 
however (hocking, Rev. Sir, it may appear to you^ (page 
43d of your letter) for us to urge out Lord's example and 
his blefled apoftles, yet I think it quite confiftent for a mini-^ 
fter, who has received an apoftolical commiffion at his ordi- 
nation, ** Receive thou the Holy Ghoft now committed unto 
thee by the impofition of our hands, &c,'^ to make ufe of the 
example of our Lord and his apoftles, in vindication- of his 
conduct ; becaufe Christ left us an example^ that we might- 
follow his fteps ; and we are called to be followers of the 
apoftles, as they were of Jesus Christ. I know not how 
to give flattering titles, and therefore muft fiand to it, that 
Vol. IV. H they 



they are falfe witnefies, however dignified of diftinguUhed, 
and lay to my charge a thing that I know not, who tax me 
with being an open defier of government^ for preaching in the 
fields. Neither do I think I have wronged the author of the 
obfervations at all, by infinuating, << That the defign and 
fcope of this pamphlet was to reprefent the proceedings of the 
Methodifts as dangerous to the church and ftate, in order to 
procure an a£l of parliament againft them, or oblige theoQ to 
figure themfelves by turning diflenters/' That this was his 
drift, (at lead that he intended to move the government a- 
gainft the Methodifts in general, and me in particular) I think 
appears quite plain from a little two-penny paper lately pu- 
bliflied, (I fuppofe by the fame anonymous author)' whej[^ia ■ 
he declares, ** That though Mr. WhiiepeU has pleaded in be- 
half of the Methodifts, that they are an harmlefs and Ic^ 
people, yet ift. He cannot pof&bly be fuppofed to know all 
the perfons, or even one tenth part of tbofe prefent at hit 
meetings of 30, 50, or 8oooo« —-2d. When he appoints or 
holds a meeting, all people are at liberty to come, and to 
carry on fuch purpofcs as they think proper.— -3d. Such a " 
free and fafe refort for great multitudes to one places fubjeA. 
to no controul or examination, is doubtlefs a great opportu;- 
nity put into the hands of feditious perfons to raife diftur*.. 
bances." ' IJe adds, ^\ How confiftently with the afi: of tole- 
ration, or with what fafety to the public, tbefe field-preadu : 
ings may be continued, let the world judge.^ If this be net : 
intended to move the government againft me, furdy ibeQB \ 
was never a motion made againft any man living ; but with ; 
what little ft^ew of true reafoning I need not mention. Let 
the world judge. 

Here lies the point, Rev. Sir : the generality of the clergy:. ' 
are offended in their hearts, that his majefty is fo mildtOr 
wards his harmlefs and loyal people the Methodifts. They. 
' have denied the Methodift preachers the ufe of their churches , 
and think, if field- preaching was put a ftop to, MethodifiPa 
as they term it, would be lefs extenfive. But were they tt| 
gain their point, and the preachers to be bound, yet perhapl .. 
after all they would find themfelves miftakcn, for the w0rd cl 
Goo would not be bound. And I remember a faying of th^ 
then Lord Chancellor to that holy martyr Bradford^ ^^ Tboq , 
6 M 

kaft ddne more iiurt (as he called it) by thy Tetters and cxi 
hortations iince thou haft been in prifon, than thou ever didfi ^ 
•before/' However this be, field-preaching is at prefent the 
dcrgy's eye-fore. Hence they raife a clamour that it is un- 
lawful. We deny it. We fay the aft of toleration urged 
againft us is nothing to the purpofe, for we are true members 
of the eibibliflied church ; and that if we were not {quod magna 
mrctnUr jftridSif) yet the trial of MeJezni Pen is an adjudged 
cafe. But ftill, if you or any other perfon pleafe to move for 
an information againft me, for preaching in a fields 6r a 
ftreet, though I purpofe to go abroad fhortly, yet I ftiall think 
it my duty id ftay fome time, to make a legal defence. But 
if not) henceforward whatever qiieftions may be put to itie id 
print, about the lawfulnefs of iield-pteaching, they will lid 

Not that t think it is barely field-preaching that give& thd 
generality of the clergy fuch oiJFence. No, it is the doftrine 
that I preach there, that is the grand caufe of their bontehd<& 
ing with itic. You al-c pleafed^ Rev. Sir^ to fay (Page 39th) 
** That 1 have revived the old Calvinijiical difpuiei cohcernihg 
predeftitiation, &c;" (I fuppofe you mean juftificatioii by 
faith alone^ the imputed righteoufnefs of JesuS CHklsT^ 
man's utter inability to turn to Got), ot to do gdod works^ 
fee). ** Which ydu fay had happily flept for fo many years;'^ 
But if this be my (hame^ I glbry in it. For what is this but 
reviving theelTential articles of the Cburth of England, which 
undoubtedly are Calviniftical, and which, by yoiir own cori- 
MEon^ have happily flept for fo matiy years? This is tod 
true. But however you may couiit this a happinefsj yet iii 
toy opinioa it is oiie of the greateft judgments that has bcfalleil 
tur natioh; And if it bad hot been for the remhatit of free- 
grace) difienting miniftei^, (ftiled by the author of the obfer* 
vations) diiT^ritihg teachers) and the little dock of the Me- 
ibodift preachers^ that the LoRb Jesus has raifed Mp and pre^ 
ferved amotigft us^ liiahy of the eflential dckflrines of the ar^ 
tides of the Church of fiig'/i?;?^/ might havej as ^ou ttrnl U^ 
bapfMly flept Ghany years more. 

Tb^fe, Rev. Sir^ are the real fchtiiiients of my Heart; t 

think they are founded on truth and foberrlefs. And if fo^ 

Uatte .me not^ as you do (page 21ft} for comparing the 

H a ehurch 

c "6 3 ; 

Church of England, zsfit now fubfifts, to 2i leaky Jhip. For is it\ 
not too evident that (he is not only leaky, but t^^\^Y Jinking^^^ 
when feveral of the Right Reverend the Biihops, and a pre- \ 
bendary of St. PauFsy can openly plead for works being a con-' ,, 
dition of our juftification in the fight of God? This was *- 
the particular charge my Lord of London gave his clergy "\w '' 
his laft paftoral letter, *' So to explain the. do£lrine of jufti- j 
fication by faith alone, as not to exclude good works from be- ?; 
ing a condition of our juftification.'* Was the great apofile *^j| 
of the Gentiles now living, what anathema's would he prcM j. 
nounce againft fucb Judaizing docSrine? Was Luther oa**< 
earth, how would he thunder againft fuch a charge I For he , 
calls juftification by faith alone, articuks Jiantis aut cadeniis 
etclejice. This is the great fundamental point in which we 
differ from the church oi Rome. This is the grand point of 
contention between the generality of the eftablifhed clergy^ 
and the Methodift preachers: we plead for free juftification - 
in the fight of God, by faith alone, in the imputed righte-' 
oufnefs of j£sus Christ, without any regard to works paft, 
prefent, or to come. You {Bellarmine like) are for mak- 
ing your works, conditions (page 17th) ; " And joining 
your honeft, though imperfeft endeavours to kryt and pleafe 
your Maker, with a hearty truft and confidence in his cver- 
kfting mercies/* (page 42.) You fay, (page 58th) we are 
very far from building wholly on our morality 5" we fay, our 
morality is not to be built on at all, but that '^ Christ is 
the end of the law for righteoufnefs to every ope that belie* 
veth.'* This, you think, is one of my errors. But if it be 
an error, it is a fcriptural error ; and fo plainly taught in the 
eleventh article of our church, that he that runs may read : 
and however you may blame me for infinuating, '' That fome 
of the clergy may adhere to his majefty only for his prefer- 
ments, and confequently not appear altogether fo hearty in 9 
time of danger j" yet I cannot think it aA inftance of hard- 
judging at all. For if perfons can deliberately fubfcribe to 
the doctrines of juftification by faith alone, and other articles 
that are purely Cahinijiical, yet fo explain them away as- 
plainly to prove they fcarce (^lieve a word of them, I (hould 
wot wonder if they turned JacshitcSy or weat over to the prc;. 

I "7 ] 

tender, whcncvcjf they faw it fuited their worldly intercft fa 

That I am not alone in my opinion, give me leave. Rev, 
Sir, to tranfcribe a paffage I lately met with in the latter end 
of a book, entitled, The Honeycomb of Free ^ujiification^ written 
by one Mr. Eatoriy A. M. of Trinity College in Cambridge^ 
printed at London in the year 1642. 

** Free juftification was firft enjoined to be diligently 
«* taught, for the reformation of the church, by King Henry 
VIIL but was by King Edward VI. and Queen Elizabeth^ 
pnncipally eftabliflied by parliament, and fmgled out from all 
the reft of the eftablifhed articles of religion ; and reduced in- 
to fcrmons and homilies to be {after the people's fight of their 
loft eftate, and woeful mifery by fin) principally taught^ and 
chiefly known and underftood of all the fubje£ts and .com-* 
mens of the land, for thefe four caufes. 

ift. ^^ Be'caufe it is the only immediate caufc and means of 
our peace with God. For being juftified by faith we have 
peace with God, Rem, v. i. and our aflurance of free falva- 
don by j£8U« Christ, and is therefore called the juftifica- 
tion of life, Rom. v. i8. *♦ For whom God juftifieth, them 
he alfo glorifieth," Rom. viii. 30. 

2d. ** Becaufe it is the ordinance of GoD (quite contrary 
to the judgment of popifti carnal reafon) that powerfully cau- 
fcth people to leave their fins, and livq a true fancSified and 
godly life, Titus ii. 11 to 15, Rom, 5th and 6th chapter. 

3d. ** Becaufe it is the chief caufe and means to difcover 
and fupprcfs the Romijh antichrift, popery, &c. and all other 
itiperftitions, fedls, errors and fchifms out of the land ; and to 
eftabliih unity, peace and concord in matters of religion, and 
of^aflfurance of free falvation, and makes every man to keep in 
alawful vocation, and to do it profitably in love. GaL v. 13. 

4th. ♦* To dire61: minifters l^^o'^oS'uv to go with a right 
foot to the truth of the gofpel, GaU ii. 14. in found preach- 
ing, and pure declaring of the word of God, by true faith of 
£r^ juftification, becaufe (faith the eftabliflied do^^rineofour 
church) fincere preachers ever were, and ever fliall be but a 
few ; and their preaching of God's word moft fincere in the 
beginning, by procefs of time waxeth lefs and lei^ pure, and 
Sifter is corrupt,. and laft of all quite laid down, and left off; 

H 3 bccawft 

^ecaufe free juftification is a do£trine haid}^ learned in ^ 
phurch, and foon loft again, Gal. i. 6. and yet is the .tru9 r 
ftrength, happine(s and f^fety of the whole Jand, j^aiah JUui« ] 
j:~6.'' .: 

Hereupon, t^e 5th part of the rerqfiofi agaiuft ^ifqbedieQce j 
^nd rebellion, eftabli(hed by Queen pli^cabiib^ tCAChetli thie | 
(Commons, th^t fuch bifhops or ecclefiaftical perfiins, M ibf | 
pride and ambitious rule, do by terms of error, fcbifittf or | 
herefy, hinder this rnain light ^ God's wor4 from the p^p)c» ^ 
^re the chief eji traytors in the lan^ : and the 6th ami -laft.|art j 
largely teacheth, Uiat fuqh fubje£b and commons ^o Jirbofll ] 
through ignorance of Gop's word, this ligbt of righteoiifnefiit 
^d this fun of underilanding doth not (bine, although tbcf 
fnay brag, as did fometimes the Jewijb clergy an(l peopli^, 
iJbat they canpot lack Icnowl^ge, yet are fuch by tbeij: Wn4 
dead faith, traytors tq Gpp, traytprs to their king, U%ytom 
to their own fouls and bodies, and traytors to At vibole 
land and country." 

Thu$ writes that good man Mr. Eaton. you« Rer^ 
Sir, to make what ufe of it you pleafe. You fee we hjiwe 
human as well as divine authority on our fide. And yet «l^ 
are looked upon as erroneous, and arc accordingly denied tte 
churches : and what for ? even for preaching up the do^Erine 
pf juftification by faith alone; for which the glorious maitjnw 
of the Church of £w^//T/fi burnt in Smithfield. ^ If this lie pot 
like Nero^ fetcing Rome on fire,, and then charging it upot| 
the chriftians, I know not what is. ,. ' 

This is really. Rev. Sir, the truth of the cafe. HowcveU^ 
we are willing to frequent the church, and receive the holy (%t 
crament, if the clergy pleafe to give us le?ive. This I think W« 
may do, without being guilty of the inconfiftency yoi| charge 
ps with (page 29rh), becaufe in the 26th article of our churcli 
we are taught, ^' Although inthevifible 
ever mingled with the good, and fometime the evil have cbieJF 
authority in the giiniftration of the word and facraments : ' 
yet, forafmuch as they do not the fame in their own naacif^^ 
t>ut in Christ's, and do minifter by his commiffion and au- 
thority, we may- ufe their miniftry, both in hearing the WorA 
pf God, and in receiving of the facranxents : neither is tbe 
ff^e^ of pifRf9T> ordinsMifrif takea away by their wickeA-* 


I "9 ] 
nefiy nor the grace of God's gifts diminifhed from fiicb, 
IS by faith, and rightly do receive the facraments miniftered 
unto them, vrtikh be eHedual, bcfcaiife oF Christ's infti- 
tQtioh and promiie, although they be miniftered by evil men." 
This I think a fuiGcient vindication, for the methodifts keeping 
ill the church. But if fome cannot go thus far, nor bear 
to hear the dofbrine of juftification by faith abne continually 
preached againft, the preachers muft thank themfelves if 
any entirely defert the church, and run to meeting-houfes 
or dfewhere, to get food for their fouls. For I am per-> 
foifed, if the doctrine of j unification by faith alone be 
baniihed firom out -pulpits, people may attend to their lives 
ttd, and yet never have the whole counfel-of God (as you 
Ihink they may, page 50.) declared unto them. 
■ I could enlarge upon this point, and alfo anfwer the charge 
of entbuiiafm which you bring againft me in feveral parts of 
your letter. But I willingly omit it, becaufe I (haU have 
occaiion'to write more explicitly on thefe points in my fecond 
anfwer^to the Ohfervathns : I have fome reafons for deferring 
it at prefent. But I afiure you. Rev. Sir, you muft not ex- 
pe£l me to treat that anonymous author with lefs juftice^than 
in toy laft. For however worthy perhaps he may be in your 
fight, I think I fhall prove him to be no better than an 
Mfkilfttl flandering fophifter ; and if a clergyman, ^n un« 
Orthbdox blind guide. 

As for the irregularities I have been guilty of, in curtailing 
the liturgy, or not uiing the common-prayer in the fields, 
kc I think it needlefs to make any apology, till I atn called 
thereto in a judicial way by my ecclefiaftical fuperiors. They 
ktve |laws and courts. In and by thofe, ecclefiaftics are to 
bd judged ; and I am ready to make a proper defence, as I 
Mentioned in my anfwer to the firft part of the obfervations, 
Whenever it (hall be required at my hands. Only I would 
beg leave to obfcrve, that by calling extempore prayer, extern^ 
peri effiifions^ you caft a flur upon the whole body of diflen- 
tfers, and on many of the reformed churches abroad. And 
at the free grace diflenters have helped to keep up the Cahi^ 
ntfiical AKpvLici^ which you fay have happily (lept in^he efta* 
blifbed church for fo many years ; was it not for his Ma- 
jtity*^ great kindnefs, and the lenity of his gomnment, they 

H 4 would 

[ 120 ] 

would meet with no better treatment than the poor Method!!! 
do now. • ■ 

Indeed you fay (page 41ft) « We do not oppofe or den 
the true fcripture do^b-ine concerning thefe points, viz. Frc 
jufiification, the new birth, and the in*dwelling of the fpirjt 
but only your account and explication of them.'' Give m 
leave therefore. Rev. Sir, if you are pleafed to favour me witl 
another letter, to let me know how you explain thefe impor< 
tant points, or what you can find inconfiftcnt with fcripturf] 
or the articles of the church of England^ in thofe. difcourfo 
which I have publifhed, and in which I have endeavouitd tc 
treat on thefe points in an explicit manner. 

I would obferve to you, that I wifh every non-reiiddnl 
minifter in England^ could give as good an account of theii 
pon-refidence, as I can of my abfcnce from Savannah. Tc 
fatisfy y(^ Rev. Sir, I will acquaint you with the whole, 
When 1 firft went abroad, I was appointed to be minifter ol 
J^rederica. But upon my arrival in G^^r^/tf, finding there was 
no minifter at Savannah^ and no place of worfliip at Frsdmcai 
by the advice of magiftrates and people, I continued at Savath 
nahj teaching publicly, and from houfe to.houfe, and cate 
chifmg the children day by day, during the whole time' of n; 
firft continuance in Georgia; except about a fortnight ii 
which I went to Frederica to vifit the people, and to fee abou 
building a church, for which I had given fifty pounds out c 
fome money I had colleiSled, and of which I have giveA 
public account. About four months after, I came ©vcf | 
England to receive prieft*s orders, and collefl: money for bulk 
ing an Orphan-houfe. At the rcqueft of many, the honot 
rablc truftees prefented me to the living of Satannab. I .a< 
cepted it, but refufed the ftipend of fifty pounds per annuo 
which they generoufly offered me. Neither did I put them \ 
any expence during my ftay in England^ where I thought 
my duty to abide, till I had colleded a fufficient fum whert 
with I might begin the Orphan-houfe, though I (hould has 
left England fooner, had I not been prevented by the embargo 
However, I was more eafy becaufe the honourable truflee 
I knew had fent over another minifter, who arrived foon afti 
I left the colony. Upon my fecond arrival at Gsorgia^ fine 
ing the care of the Orphan-houfe, and. the care of the parii) 


r 121 ] 

<oo great a ta(k for me, I immediately wrote oVer to the {kw: 
nourable truftees to provide another mtnifter. In the mean 
while, as moft of my parifhioners were in debt, or ready to 
leave the colony for want of being employed, and as I believed, 
that ereAing an Orphan-houfe .would be the beft thing I could 
do for them and their pofterity, I thought it my duty, front 
time to time, to anfwer the invitations that were fent me to 
preach Christ Jesus in feveral parts of America^ and to 
make more collections towards carrying on the Orphan-houfe. 
The Lord ftirred up many to be ready to diftribute and 
willing to communicate on this occafion. I always came 
home furnifhed with provifions and money, moft of which 
was expended among the people, and by this means the nor- 
thern part of the colony almoft entirely fubfifted for a confi- 
derable time. ^ This was aflerted, not very long ago, before 
the houfe of commons. And now. Sir, judge you whether 
my non-refidence, was any thing like the non-refidents of moft 
of the Englijh clergy. When I was abfent from my pa- 
rifhioners, I was not loitering or living at eafe, but preach- 
ing and begging for them and their* : and when I returned, '^ 
it was not to fleece my flock, and then go and fpend it upon 
my lufts, or lay it up for a fortune for myfelf and relations. 
No : freely as I had received, freely I gave : and ** there- 
fore when the ear heard me, then it blefled me ; and when 
the eye faw me, it gave witnefs to me : becaufe I delivered 
the poor that cried, and the fatherlefs, and him that had 
none to help him. The blefEng of him that was ready to 
perifh came upon me ; and I caufed the widow's heart to iing 
for joy." I am become a fool in glorying. But you have 
compelled me. The God and Father of our Lord Jesus 
Christ knoweth that I lie not. I fought not theirs, but 
them. And however you may judge me, (page 20th) as 
though I chofe this itinerant -way of preaching for the fake 
of Profits yet I afl^ure you the laft day will prove that you 
9nd all like-minded are quite miftaken. I choofe a voluntary 
poverty. The love of God and the good of fouls is my only 
aim. The manner of my call to my prefent way of ading, 
if tlie Lord gives me freedom, fliall be the |fubje£l of a fu- 
ture traft. I fend you this (hurt letter, to convince you that 
J am really v^iljing to give an anfwer of the hope that is in 


me, with meaknefs and fear. I fliiall only add» If you dm 
not like the example of Gallh (page 27th} I woiild hunibly 
recommend to you the advice of GamdlieL ^< Refrain front 
thefe men, and let them alone : for if this council, or thi$ 
work be of men, it will come to nought : but if it be of God, 
ye cannot overthrow it, left haply ye be found even to %ht 
fg^inft God/' I am, Rev. Sir^ 

Your affe£tionate brother and fervant^ 

Qeorgs Whitbfxei.©% 




T O 

The First Part of an Anonymous 
Pamphlet, entitled, *< Obfervations upon 
" the Condud and Behaviour of a certain 
" Se<3: ufually diftinguifhcd by the Name of 
f* Methopists/' 

I N A 



The Right Reverend the. BISHOP of 
LONDON^ andthe other Right Reverend 
the BISHOPS concerned in the Publication 

Falfe Witnejfei did rife up ; they laid to my Charge Thiffgs that I 
knew noty Pfal. xxxv. ii. 


t "5 ) 

, A 

^ E T T E R 

To the Right Reverend 

The Bifliop of L o n D o n^ &Pf r 

My LorJsj Lendony March 1744*' . 

THE Apoftle Peter exhorts us* *• to be ready to give an, 
anfwer to every one that alketh us z reafon of th? 
hope that is in us, with meeknefs and fear." And if this is* 
to be our conduft towards every one, much more are w© 
bound to behave thus to thofe who are overfeers of the church 
of God, and confequently are inyefied with an authority to 
require an anfwer at our hands. 

A defire of complying with this apollollcal injun£lton, in* 
duced me, my Lords, about five weeks ago, to publiih an 
^ Advertifement, wherein I defired an open publication of 
feveral anonymous papers, entitled, Obfervations upon the con^ 
du^ and behaviour of a certain fe^y ufual/y diftinguijhed by the 

* Whereas fome anonymous papers againft the people called Metbodlpi. 
in general^ and myfelf and friends in particular, have been for fome 
weeks printed in a large edition, and handed about and read in the r.e« 
llgious focieties of the cities of London and Weftmtnfiery and given int« 
the hands of many private perfons, with ftri£l iniun^lions to lend them 
to no one, nor let them go out of their hands to any ; and wher^, 
after having accidentally had the hafty perufal of them, I find matty 
queries of great importance concerning me, and my condu6l, contained 
therein \ and as it appears that one paper has little or no connexion with 
another, and a copy, when applied for, was refufed me, and I know not 
how foon I may embark for Georgia \ I am therefore obliged hereby to 
deto a fpeedyx)pen publication of the aforefaid papers, in order that a 
^ndi4» impartial anfwer may be mad« themo by me, 
^Uaden^ Jan, a6| 1744* ifeorge WbiufieU. 


naihe of Methodtfts. Papers, which, upbh enquiry, t founi 
had been printed Tome coniiderable time, had beeii read in 
the focieties of London and We^inJUr^ and handed about in a 
private manner to particular friends, with ftri£t orders to part 
with them to no one. What could be the mealiing of fuch a 
prop^urcj I know not. But this Ikrtow, fowetrer ft4cll a 
dandeftine way of adling^ mdy favour of the wifdom of the 
ferpcntj it does not befpeak that harmlefnefs of the dove, which 
our Saviour in an, ^(j^UlrtnaBticrrecemmetldS to his minify 

Who the rtal author of thefe papers may be, 1 am not yci 
able fQnascertatntptfrfipdout.. Bctt I' farads rtftfon'toibUieve^ 
that my Lord o{ London was concerned ' in compofing or re- 
vifing them. That I might not be miftakenj after the pub- 
lication of the-^dvertifement, I wrote his Lordfhip si letter *| 
wherein I deiired to know, whether his Lordihip was the au- . 
thor of:this paper or not, and alf6 defireda copy. Hii Lotd- 
(hip was plcafed*to fend word by my frtend, v^ho csCtrfed •the 
Ifetter, that *«^I (hbirid hfear fitom him.*' Hflheft^iS'lJe»d^ 
ih(p has not favoured 'me with an anfwer. Only fonietiiitd 
s/^o^ one Mt. Oijoen^ z printer, xn Aiken-Corniry Paier^noflif 
tbfWt who is prihter to my Lord t>r£^;i^, left a ietter'^f fof 


Siijap^ity bccoma tli^ fbUowtrs of Jefui Chrift, and theiefore I think 
it my duty to trouble youR Ii«rdfliip with thefe few lines, t fiipjpofe your 
Lordfiiip^has feen the advcrtifement publiihed by me, about four dayi 
ago; concernifig.fome alionymotis pftpers, which have beeil h^ded^abotif 
in. the. focieties for, fome coniiderable time. As t think it my duty, td 
aniWer them, I (hould be glad to be informed whether the report be tniei 
that your.trtrdfliip compqftd thfero, that 1 may the better know t© Whom 
I may dire6l my anfwer* A fight alfo. of one of the. copies, if In yoirf 
I.ordlhip*s keepings .i^ottld much oblige, my Lord, 

' Your Lord/hipts moft obhged, dutiful fon and fervaht,' 

Gebrge WhifefiAli 

P.'Si Thfc bearer wiH 'briflg^your LbrddiTp^i anfWef'j or if-yoitf' 
lordihip plesifert^ favour me\«rith a line/ be plealM <o direA forihr, i# 
bt left with Mr,y."iyjMi Btti 

My name is 6wMi .1 aiif>« |>rMiter '?n \Men^omer^ and'I w«l^ 
fponyott. to let you fcnoi»^, that I bate had ordt^'from-ftrtraFif*^ 


I ^^7 1 

me, wherein h^ informed me, that he had orders from Several 
OF THE Bishops to print the Obfervations on the conduit and 
hehayiour of the Methodifls (with some fbw Additions) 
for their ufe ; and when th( impreffion was iiniihed, I fhould 
have a copy. Why my Lord of London^ or the feveral other 
Blihops concerned, fhould conceal their names, or why ^ 
copy fhould be denied me, fo long after the papers had been, 
printed, I leave the world to judge, I cannot think fuch a 
way of proceeding can gain your Lordfiiips any credit from^ 
the pub]ic, or any thanks from the other Bi(hop$ who. have, 
Bot interefted themfelve$ ' in this affair, and who, I believe^ 
are more noble, than to countenance the publication of any 
fuch performance. 

It is a weighty thing with me, my Lords, to have infinua-. 
tions made, or queries put to me, in refpe£l to my pradice 
and doftrine, in fuch a public manner, by, perfons that are 
placed at the head of the church. It is true, ypur Lordfhips 
have not put, queries to me in your own names ; but as the. 
author has concealed his, and thefe papers are printed by your 
Lordfhip$.^graers, you have thereby adopted them for your 
own.; cpnfequently, I am put under -a neceiGty of direding 
this letter as I haye done. And I can aflure your Lordfbips, 
that with great deference to the dignity of your office, after 
earnefl prayer, with I trufl fome degree of humility, and un- 
feigned fimplicity of heart, I now fit down 'to perform my 
promife, to give a candid and impartial anfwer to the fore- 
mentioned papers, which were fent me laft week, (colle£led^ 
into a pamphletj by Mr. Oweni apd I fuppofe, by your Lord- 
fhips order. 

I never yet was, and hope never fhall be fo far left to lean, 
to mj own underflanding, as to fancy myfelf Infallible. Young 
as I am, I kpow too much of the devices of Satan, and of the 
dcfpcratp. wickednefs and deceitfuinefs of. fny own heart j not 
to be.fenfible, that I an:> a man. of like'paffions with others, 
and confeiquently may have fonietimes miflaken nature for 

Biihops, to print for their tife, fuch numbers of the Ohfer<vati<ms upon' 
the CMdu^ and behaviour of the. Methodifls, (wjth ,fo«ie few additions) 
a$ they have refpe^vely bcfpok^n. And I will not fail to wait upon, 
|ou with one. copy,, as foOA as the impreiTion is finifhed, I am> Sir, 

Vour moft obe^ient^ &c. 


t 12^] .. . . 

gVace, imagination for revelation, and the fire o/ my dt(rfl 
temper, for the pure and facred flame of holy zeal, which 
cometh from God's altar. — If therefore, iipon perufing thd 
pamphlet, I find that I have been blahieablc in any rcfpedl (as 
in all probability I may) I will not only confefs it, but return 
hearty thanks both to the compiler and your Lordfiiips, though 

Indeed, it is but of little confequence to the merits of thef 
c'aufe to knpw who the author is. Only thus much may be 
faid, your Lordfhips yourfelves being judges, it is not quiitf 
ftir to give ftabs'^in the dark; and it is fome fatisfaftion to the 
perfon attacked, to know who and what his antagbnifts are, 
that he may know the better how to deal with them. But' 
iince that cannot be granted, it may be more to the pur- 
I)ofe, to confider the matters contained in the pamt>hlet5 and 
to anfwer for iliyfelf, fo far as I am concerned. 

It is entitled, Obfervations upon the conduSf and behaviour (/. e^ 
upon th^ conduit and condudt) of a certain fe^^ ujually dijiin-^ 
guijhedby the name of Methodifls, I think the title ought rather 
to run thusy^^ Mifreprefentations of the condu^f and principles, 
iff many orthodox^ well- meaning minijiersy and members of th^ 
church ^/EiJgland, and loyal fubje£!s to his Majifty King George^ 
FALSELY TERMED A Sect, and ufually di/linguijhedy OUT 05* 
CONTEMPT, by the name of Methodists. This title, my- 
Lords, would juft anfwer the contents. For \ht principles as 
well as condu£l of the Methodifts are (truck at, and greatly 
mifreprefented in this pamphlet. And the Methodifts are no 
yj^, no feparatifts from the eftabliflied church, neither do they 
call people from her conununion. Befides, the author ought" 
to have added^ A new edition^ with feveral alterations j additions^ 
find correSiions'y for otherwife the world is made to believe, that 
this is the felf-fame compofition which was handed about fome 
thonths ago, and of which I had a hafty reading. Whereas 
there are feveral things omitted, fome things added, and divers 
alterations made in this new edition ; fo that the title-page is' 
not only injudicious, but falfe and fcandalous. 

And if the title-page is fo bad, I fear the dejigtt andfcope of 

the pamphlet itfelf is much worfe. For is it Dot to reprefeQt 

the proceedings of the Methodifts as dangerous to the church - 

and ftate, in order to procure an a£t of parliament againft 

I thcm^ 

[ 129 3 ^ 

them, or oblige them to fecure themfelvcs by turning dif- 
fenters ? 

But is not fuch a motion,^ at fuch a feafon as this, both 
uncharitable and^ unfeafonable ? Is not the adminiftration 
engaged enough already in other affairs, without troubling 
themfelves with the Methodifts ^ Or who would noW advife 
them to bring farther guilt upon the nation, by perfecuting 
fome of the prefent government's moft hearty friends ? I fay, 
my Lords, the prefect government's moft hearty friends. For 
though the Methodifts (as the world calls them) difagree la 
fome particulars, yet I dare venture to afHrm, that to a man 
they all agree in this, to love and honour the king. For my 
own part, I profefs myfelf a zealous friend to his prefent 
Majefty King George^ and the prefent adminiftration. Where- 
ever I go, I think it my duty to pray for, and to preach up 
obedience to him, and all that are fet in authority under, him, 
in the moft explicit manner. And I believe, fhould it eV^r 
come to the trial, the poor defpifcd Methodifts^ who love his 
Majefty out ot principle <^ would cleave clofe to him in the moft 
imminent danger, when others that adhere to him, only for 
preferments^ perhaps might not appear altogether fo hearty. 
My Lords, I have how been a preacher above feven years, 
and for thefe fix years paft, have been called to a£): in a very 
public way* Your Lordfliips muft have heard of the very 
great numbers that have attended me r fometimes feveral* &f 
the nobility^ and now and then, even fome of the clergy have; 
been prefent. Did they ever hear me fpeak a difloyal word ? 
Are there not thoufands can teftify^ how fervently and fre- 
quently I pray for his Majefty King George^ his royal ofF- 
fpring, and the prefent government ? Yc^, my Lordsj they 
can. And I truft^ through the divine ailiftance, I ftiould be 
enabled to do fe, though furrounded with popifti enemies^ 
and in danger of dying for it as foon as my prayer was ended. 
This, my Lords, as far as I am acquainted with them^ is the 
prefent temper of my friends, as well as myfelf. And may I 
not then appeal to your Lordfliips, whether it be not the in- 
tereft of the adminiftration to encourage fuch perfons, or at 
Icaft to let them alone f Gallio^ on a like occafion, thought it 
his wifdom to afl thus. *' For when the Jews made infur- 
redion with one aecOrd againft Paul^ and brought hivti to the 
Vol. IV. I judg- 


t ^30 ] 
judgmcnt-feat, faying^ jhU fellow pcrfliadcth mc* t6 #offt[t{i 
Goii contrary to the law j he faid unto the Jeivs^ if it were k 
matter of, wrong or wicked lewdnefs, O ye Jnta, reafoii'' 
would that I fiiould bear with you. But if it be a queftioh 
of words and names, and of your law, look ye to it, for I 
will be no judge of fuch matters.*' Nay,^ he was fo far froth 
approviiig of their motion, that he drove them from the judg- . 

My Lords, I know of no law of the ftate that we ht^e 
broken, and therefore we have not incurred the difplcafurc df 
the civil power. If your Lordfhips apprehend that we are 
liable to ecclefiaftical cenfures^ we Ure ready to make a prd« 
•. f er defence whenever called to it by our eccIefiafticiaLl fujpd- 
^iors. As for myfeJf, your Lordfliips very well know that* I . 
am a Batchelor of Arts, have taken the oaths, fubfcribed €6 
the articles, and have been twice regularly ordained. In this. 
charad^er I have aded both at home and abroad, and know -of 
no law of our government which prohibits my preiacihing k^ 
any field, barn, ftreet, or out-ho'ufe whatfocver. 

It is true, one or two of my friends, who preack ti% I db^ 
. were bred diflentefs, and had been licenfed, and preached in Ii« ^ 
. cenfed places before my acquaintance with them ;. and one or twa j 
of the houfes where the Methodifts meet, have,^ without my i 
knowledge, .'been licenfed fince ; and therefore the author of r 
the pao^phlet is quite miftaken in his frfi paragraph (as w^l - 
as the title page and defign of his pamphlet) wherein he <te* 
dares, that <^ it does not appear that any of. the preachera | 
among the Methodifts have qualified themfelves and the places ' 
(it would have been better £ff^//^ if he had fiiid, qtuiified 
themfelves, and licenfed the places) of their afiembling^ ais^ | 
coxding to the a£i of toleration ; which a£i: wars'ants feparate 
affemblies for the worlhip of God, that before were Unlaw- 
ful. ^' I wi(h the author had taken a little more care to tsfonn 
himfelf before he publiihed tht pamphlet. He would not 
then have been guilty ©f fo many egregious miftakesy or 
without caufe have eohdemned the innocent, as he hath ddne. 
However, in the general, he is right,— ^for, as yet, we fee lio' 
fufEcien't reafon to leave the church of England^ and turn dif-, 
fcnters j neither will we do it till we are thruft out. Whctt^ 
a (hip is leaky, prudent failors^ that value the carg^ will not 


^ve it to (ink) but rather continue iii it fo long as they catni 
b help jsump out the water. I leave the author, my Lords, 
b make the application* 

But whether the Mcthodifts are church-men or diffenters, 
the a^ of King Charles II. referred to, pag, 3. paragraph i* 
'o^.P^* 4? paragraph 2. make nothing againft them, neither 
de they prove the IVIethodifts to be violaters of the ftatute 
law, by their being ^eld- preachers. And what the author fo 
peremptorily affirms, pag. 4. paragraph 3. (and which, bjf 
the way, is one oiF the few additions made in, this, ^^hith was 
pot in the laft edition) is diredHy falfe. For he fays, tha^ 
•* it has not been known, that a Diffentihg teacher of any 
denomination whatever, has thought himfcif warranted under 
the z& of toleration^ to preach in fields or ftreets." It may 
not, indeed^ be. kiiowh to the author ; but I know^ rhy Lords^ 
kwo of the mod eminent among the Diflentiiig minifters, who 
kave thought themfelves warranted, if not by the aft of to- 
leration, yet by the laws of the land, to preach but of doors j 
and accordingly, when the houfe virould not contain the peo- 
j;>ie, they haye preached in a field or orchard, and near the 
common high-way. My Lords, I have been perdfing all the 
ads of King Charkt IL whereiri the word feld is mentioned,* 
and £nd they are intended ** to fuppfefs fedluous conventicles^ 
Ibr promoting further, and more prober, fpeedy remcdieai 
jjigainft the growing and dangerous practices of feditious fe5ia-^ 
riiSj and other dijhfal per/oHSy who, under pretence of tender 
t^fcieQces, have, or may, at their meetings contrive Infurrec^ 
ii§ms (as late experience hath Ihewn)". Thefe, my Lords^ 
arc the preambles of the afts, Thelc are the only field- 
ineetings I can find that are prohibited. And how, my Lords, 
/tan fuch ads be a{ypiied to the Methodifts ? Does not fuch 
ah application imply a charge again (I the . Method ifts, as 
though they were feditious feftaries, difloyal perfons, who,' 
linder pretence of tender confciencies, have, or may contrive 
itafurredions ? Has any late experience (hewn this ? No^ 
ihy Lords, and I hope no future experience ever will. HoW 
then can your Lordfhips, with a fafe coilfcience, encourage 
Aich a pamphlet, or befpeak any nuniber of Mr. Owen^ in 
Order, as may be fuppofed j that they fhould be difperfcd among 
jfottr Lordihips d^rgy i Well, tfiight the author conceal his 

I i tifkiiie* 

( 132 T 
name. A more notorious libel has not been publiflied. I am 
apt to believe, that Mr. Owm the printer is of my mind alfo; 
for he has taken care in the title-page, not to let the world 
know where, or by whom, this pamphlet was printed. It . 
comqs into public like a child dropt, that no body cares to i 
own. And, indeed, who can be blamed for difowning fuch 
a libel ? For how, my Lofds, does it appear by thefc ads, 
what the author fo confidently aflferts, page 4, paragraph 2, 
** that this new feft of Methodifts have bi'oken through alt 
thefe provifions and reftraints, neither regarding the penalties 
of the laws, which ftand in full force againft them, nor em- 
bracing the protedlion which the aft of toleration might give 
them, in cafe they complied with the conditions of it ?" How 
can he immediately add, ** and if this be not an open defiance 
to government, it is hard to fay what is ? " May I not mor^ 
juftly fay, if this be not an open defamation, and open defiance 
of all rules of charity, it is hard to fay what is ? Might he 
not as well tax the Methodifts with high treafon ? Father, 
forgive him ! Lord Jesus, lay not this fin to his charge ! 

Though the reign, my Lords, of King Charles IL wherein . 
the afts before referred to were made, was not the moft mild 
and moderate in religious matters, yet your Lordfhips very 
well know the famous trial of Mede and Penn ; and, after the 
jury had been confined a long time, they brought them in, 
guilty only of /peaking in Gracechurch-ftreet. And if fakers 
met with fo much lenity under the reign of King CharkSy 
what liberty of preaching in fields, and elfcwhere, may not 
the loyal minifters and members of the church of England^ 
nay, proteftant Diflenting teachers alfo, expeft under the 
more gentle and moderate reign of his prefent Majefty King 
George^ who, as I have been informed, has declared, " there 
fhall be no perfecution in his days.'* May the crown long 
flourifh on his royal head, and a popifti Pretender never be 
permitted to fit upon the Englijh throne ! To this, I believe, 
all the Methodifts will heartily fay, Amen^ and Amenn 

That the Methodifts, in gencr'al, are members of the EJla^ 
llijhed Churchy the author of the pamphlet himfelf confefles. 
For, page 4, paragraph 4. after he has, without proof, charged 
them with making open inroads upon the national conftitu- 
tion i he adds, that ** thefc teachers and their followers afFeflb 


C ^33 3 

to be. thought members of the national church." And his 
following words prove that they not only afFedl it, but are 
members of the Eftablifhed Church in reality : for, fays he, 
" and do accordingly join in communion with it." And it 
appears, paragraph 6. that fome of the Methodifts communi- 
cate every Lord's-day. What better proof can they give of 
their being members of the Church of England? It would be 
well if all her members gave a like proof. But then, fays our 
author, page 4, paragraph 4, they do it in a manner that is 
" very irregular, and contrary to the direftions laid down in 
the rubrick before the communion, which is eftablifhed by 
the aA of uniformity." (Here is another correftion in this 
new edition.) In the copy that I read, it was •* contrary to 
thedireSions laid down in our great rule, the z8t of unifor* 
mity.'' I am .glad the author found out his miftake, in put- 
ting the zSi of uniformity, for the rubrick. I hope the next 
edition will come out more corred fiill. This rubrick, fays 
be, diredts as follows : page 4, paragraph 4 : ^' So many as 
intend to be partakers of the holy communion, fhall fignify 
their names to the curate, at Icaft, fome time the day before." 
And, for not doing this, the new fe£l of Methodifts, parag. 5. 
page 6. is charged not only with breaking through, but 
" notorioufly defpifing thefe wholfome rules." But how un- 
juft is fuch a charge ? When I read it, it put me in mind of 
what the poor perfccuted officers of the children of Ifrael faid 
i^Pbaraobf Exod. v. 15, 16. " Wherefore dealeft thou thus 
with thy fervants ? There is no ftraw given unto thy fervants. 
They fay unto us. Make brick, and behold thy fervants are 
beaten, but the fault is in thy own people." For, niy Lords, 
i« it not the bufinefs of the clergy to fee this rubrick put in 
execution ? And is it not the duty of the church-wardens^ 
according to the 28th canon, quoted by our author, page 5, 
paragraph 4, *^ to mark whether any ft rangers come often, 
suid commonly from other parifties to their churches, and to 
fliew the minifters of them." But, my Lords, where is this 
nibrick or canon obferved, or infifted on by the minifters or 
church-wardens through England, Ireland^ Wales, or his Ma- 
jefty'a town of Berwick upon Tweedy except now and then, 
when they entertain a grudge againft fome particular Me- 
Aodifts? Thefe, my Lords, would rejoice to fee, diat mi- 

I 3 nifters 

I am not, my Lords, of the Author's opinion, paragraph 8, 
page 8, ** that this flander (of his being a libeller) is eflFec- 
tlially confuted, by looking back to the ftate of the feveral 
reUgious focleties in London and Wejiminjier for many years 
paft." This will only ferve to increafe every unprejudiced 
perfoii's cenfure of this performance, and more eiFedHually, 
without the lead degree of flander, prove it a notorious libeL For 
wherein do the Methodift focieties tranfgrcfsthe laws of church 
or ftate, any more than the focieties in London and fVeJlminJler ? 
^* Do the particular members of each fociety (paragraph 8. 
page 8.) attend the public duties of the day, together with 
their neighbours, as the laws of church and ftate direft?" 
Do not the members of the Methodift ^ focieties the fame? 
** Have the members of the religious focieties in London and 
Weftminjier (as the Author mentions in the fame paragraph) 
alfo (by private agreements among tbemfelves) their evening 
meetings, to employ the remainder of the day in ferious con- 
v^erfation, and in reading good books, &c.** Have not the 
members of the Methodift focieties liberty to enter into a like 
private agreement among tbemfelves ? " Have the members 
of the London focieties behaved with modefiy and decency, 
without any violation of public order and regularity?" So 
have ours, my Lords, as all muft confefs who hiave been pre« 
fent when our focieties met. 

And therefore, my Lords, if thefe London focieties, as our 
Author fays, paragraph 8, page 8. have received no difcou- 
ragements, but, on the contrary, have been countenanced an4 
encouraged by the bifliops and clergy ; why do not the Me* 
thodifts meet with the fame treatment ? Are they not as 
loyal fubjeds i If the one read a prayer^ may not the other 
pray extempore ? Does any law of Gop or man forbid it ? If 
the one meet in a vejlry^ or private houfe, may not the other 
meet in a Foundery or Tabernacle ? Are not your Lord(bips, 
therefore, reduced to this dilemma, either to encourage both 
or neither ? or at leaft give the world better reafons than the 
Author of this pamphlet has, why your Lordfliips (hould 
countenance and encourage the one, and fo ftrenuoufly dif- 
countenance and difcourage the gther. 

For my own part, my Lords, I know of no reafon whJ^ 
Jhey are difcoiintcnanced, except thisj, ^* The Methodift fo- 

cietles (as they arc called) are more for the power of godli- 
nefs than thofe other focieties of London and IViJlminJlerJ* I 
aflure your Lordfliips, I have not been altogether a ftranger 
to thcfe focieties. I ufed to meet with fome of them fre- 
quently, and have more than once preached their quarterly 
fermon at Bow-church, Some, vt^ho before had only the form 
of godlinefs, our Saviour was fince pleafed to call effectually 
by his grace. But when they began to talk feelingly and ex- 
perimentally of the new-birth^ free juftification, and the in- 
dwelling of the Spirit of God in believers hearts, they were 
foon looked upon as righteous over-much, and accordingly 
were caft out by their felf- righteous brethren. Thefe were 
the late extravagances, my , Lords, into which the' Author 
(juft at the conclufiort of his firft part) fays, that fome have 
been unhappily mifled ; and this, my Lords, was the firft rife 
of the focieties which the Methodifts now frequent, O that 
he and all who oppofe them, had been mifled into the like 
extravagances ! I mean a real experience of the new- birth, 
and the righteoufnefs of Jesus Christ imputed and applied 
to their fouls by faith, through the operation of the eternal 
Spirit ! For without this they cannot enter into the kingdom 
of heaven. Thefe things, my Lords, the firft members of 
the religious focieties in London and » Wejlminfler were no 
ftrangers to. Nay, their being mifled into what the Author 
calls the Methodifts late extravagancies, was the rife of their 
focieties, as well as ours; and they met for the very fame 
ends, and I believe in the very fame fpirit as the Methodifts 
now do. For a proof of this, I would refer the Author to 
Dr. Woodward^^ account of the rife and progrefs of the reli- 
gious focieties in the city of London^ &c. My Lords, I have 
been reading over this fecond chapter, and in reading it, could 
fcarce refrain weeping, when I confidcred how blind the au- 
thor of this pamphlet muft be, not to difcern, that the firft 
religious focieties anfwered, as to their fpirit, experience, and 
ends of meeting, to the Methodift focieties, as face anfwers- 
to face in the water. Let him not, therefore, mention the 
predeceffors <3f the prefent London focieties (the laft words of 
the firft part) as though that would ftrcngthen his caufe. In- 
deed, my Lords, it weakens it much. For, was it poflible for 
tbcfc predeceflibrs to rife from the de^d, and examine our 
, ' principles 

r X38 I 

|uinclples and pra<3ice9, and thofe of the prefent religious fo« 
cietics of London and JVeftminJlery I believe they would utterl]f 
difown them, and turn Methodifit too. 

And why, my Lords, (hould the Author be (p aTcrfe to 
Jiild'preaching ? Hsts not pur Saviour given a fandton to thif 
way of preaching ? Was not the beft fermon that was ever 
, preached, delivered on a mount f Did not our glorious £ir- 
manuel (aftef he was thruft out of the fyns^ogues) preaph 
from a (hip, in a wildernefs, &c* ? Did not the Apoftles, af- 
ter his dfcenfion^^ preach in fchooby publif markets^ and fuch like 
places of refort and concourfe i And can we copy after 
^tter cy ampler ? If it be faidi *' that the world was then 
)ieathen/' I anfwer, and am pe^rfuaded your JLrordibips wjH 
^gree with me in this, that there are thoufands and ten tbotiT 
fands in his Majef^y's dominions, as ignorant of tr^e and unr 
deiiled religion, a$ ever the heathens were? And* are not 
perfons who dare venture out, and (hew fuch poor foHls the 
way tp heaven, real friends both to church and |tate ? And 
why then, my Lords, ibould the civil powgr be applied to in 
order to queil and fupprefs them ? Qr a pamphlet eiicou- 
raged by feveral of tj^e Sight ^everen4 tbg BiJbopSj which i^ 
manifeftly calculated for (hat purpofe i I would humbly aflc 
your Lordfhips, whether it would not be more becoming 
your Lordfliips charafters, to put your clergy on preaching 
againft revellipg, cocjc-fighting, apd fuph like, than to move 
the government againft thofe, who out of love to Gop an^ 
precious fouls, put their lives in their hand, and preach untq 
iuch revellers, repentance towards God, and faith toward^ 
©ur Lord Jesus ? What if the Methodifts, " by public adr 
vertifements do invite the rabble ? " (as our Author is pl^fcd 
to write, page 4, paragraph 2.) Is not the fame done by 
other clergy, and even by your Lor^ifhips, when you preach 
charity fermons ? ' But, my Lords, what does the Author 
mean by the rabble ? I fuppofe, the common people. If fOj^ 
theic are they who always heard the bleffcd Jes^s gladly. It 
was chiefly the poor, my Lords, the op^Aoir, the turba, the 
fnob, the multitude, thefe people, who, the fcribes and pha-* 
rifees (aid, knew not the law, and were accurfed ; thefe were 
they that were evangelized, had the gofj^el preached unta 
them, and received the Spirit of Gpp's dear Son. Not man j 


r M9 1 

pkhty^ Tiot many noble arc called, feys the Apodlc. InJoSli ' 
rifiunt cmlum^ dum noi cum do€lrina dejctndimm in Gebennam^ 
fays 6ne of th« fathers. And therefore, my Lords, fuppofing 
we do adyertife the rabble, and none but fuch make up ooc 
avditories, (which is cjuite falfe) if this be the Methodifts 
(hame, .they niay glory in it. For tbefe rabble, niy Lords, 
have precious and immortal fouls, for which the dear Re- 
itttiktv flicd his precious blood, as well as the great ^nd rich, 
Thefc, my Lords, are the publicans and harlots that enter 
into the kingdom of heaven, whilft fejf- righteous formal pfo- 
feffors rejeA it. To fliew fuch poor finners the way to God, 
Xo preacH to them the power of Christ's refurreaion, and to 
pluck them as firebrands out of the burning, the Methodifl: 
preachers go out intp the highways and hedges. If this is to 
be vile, by the help of my Cop^ I (hall be more vile ; nei- 
ther count I my lii^ dear unto myfelf, fo that I may finiih my 
courfc with joy, and be made inftrumental in turning any of 
this rabble to righteoufnefs. And niore efpecially do I think 
it jmy duty to invite, and pTjcach to this rabble in all places, 
wber^ proy4dence (hall fend me, at this feafon ; that I may 
warn them againfl the dreadful tSt&s of popifh principles, 
and exhort them to exert their utmoft endeavours to keep out 
a popi(b Pretender from ever fitting upon the Englijh throne. 
In afting thus, I humbly apprehend, I can do moft fervice 
to the caufe of the blefled Jesus, to his prefent Majefty King 
Qeorge^ to my fellow- fubjefts, and the government under 
which 1 live. And however fuch kind of preachers may be 
every where fpoken againft now, yet I doubt not but at the 
great decifive day, they will be received with an Euge bene^ 
and fhine as ftars in the firmament /or ever and ever : whilft 
thofc, who have only ** divined for hire, haye fed themfelvcs, 
and not the flock, and lorded it over God's heritage," per- 
haps, may pay dear for their preferment, and rife to everlaft- 
ing contempt. Pardon me, my Lords, for cxpreiSng myfelf 
bere with fome degree of warmth« I muft own it gives me 
concern, to fee fome of the clergy drain at a gnat and fwal- 
tmt a camel, and attempt to pull the mote out of our eyes, 
before they have pulled the beam out of their own. Is it not 
ridiculous, my Lords, even in the eyes of wordly men, and 
does It not render the Author of this pamphlet, juftly liable to 
' . contempt. 

C I40 ] ^ 

contempt, to charge the Methodifis with breaking canons 
and rubricks, which is really not their faults; when .at the 
fame time he knows, that the generality of the clergy fo 
notorioufly break both canons and rubricks, and that too 
in the mod important articles, fuch as not catechising, 
PLURALITIES, NOK-REsiDENCE, &c. every day themfelvei ? 
With what face can he do it ? Is not this like Nero's fetting 
Rome on nre, and then charging it. upon the chriftians ? . May 
not " phyfician heal thyfelf," be immediately retorted on 
him ? 

But I have done. I would not bring a railing accufation 
againft any. Neither would I, my Lords, when giving a 
reafon of the hope that is in me, do it any other way than with 
meeknefs and fear. I would therefore now proceed to an- 
fwer the other parts of the pamphlet ; but I fhall referve that 
for another letter, which, God willing, (hall be publiflied 
in a fhort time. In the mean while, I humWy recommend 
this to the divine blefEng, and to your Lordfliips confidera- 
tions, and beg leave to fubfcribe myfelf, my Lords, 

Your Lordfcips moft obedient fon and fervant, 

George Whitefield. 

A N 

A N 


T O 

The Second Part of an Anonymous 
Pamphlet, entitled, ** Obfcrvations upon 
*' the Conduct and Behaviour of a certain 
** Sedl, ufually diftinguifhed by the Name of 
" Methodists :" 

I N A 


T O 

The Right Reverend the BISHOP of 
LONDON, and the other the Right Reverend 
the Bishops concerned in the Publication 

-A^ hearfs defin and prayer to God for Ifrael //, that they might he Javed, 
For I bear them record y that they hanje a X£alfor GoD, hut not accord' 
ing to knotwledge. For they being ignorant of God'' s righteoufnefs , and 
going about to efiablijb their oavn righteoufneft, ha^je notfubmitted th^m*; 
f elves unto the rigbteoufnefs of God, Roin,. x. 1,2, 3. 

( ^ 

t 143 ] 



Right Rev. the Bifliop of London, ^c. 

On Hard the JVillmington^ Qipt* Darling, bound from Plymouth 
to Pifcataqua in New-England^ Augtift 25, I744» 

'My LordSy 

I Troubled. your Lordfhips with a letter fome time ago. I 
now proceed, according to my promife, to anfwer the re- 
mainder of the anonymous pamphlet entitled, Obfervations upon 
the Condu5l and Behaviour of a certain Se^ ufually dijiinguijhed 
by the Ndme of Methodijis. The author opens the fecond part 
with this preface : *' Befides the many Irregularitiet which 
are juftly charged upon thefc itinerant preachers as violations 
of the laws of church and ftate ; it may be proper to enquire, 
whether the doSirines they te^ch, or thofe lengths they run, 
beyond wliat is praftifed among our religiods focieties, or u\ 
any other chriftian church, be a fcrvice or diflcrvicc toi reJigi- 
gion ? to which purpofe, the following Queries are fubmitted 
to cbnfideration.'* It is here taken for gr^tnted, that the 
Method ifts (termed by our author, either out of contempt, 
•r by way of periphrafis, iheje itinerant preachers) are juftly 
cWged with many Irregularitiei, which amount to violations 
of the laws of church and ftate. But how has the author 
proved, what he here takes for granted \ I humbly apprehend 
• not at all. For has it not appeared in my ^nfwer to the 
fir ft part of his obfervatio«is, that neither the aft of tolera- 
tion, nor that of Charles lid, any way afie£h the Mctho- 
difts^ as being loyal fubjefts to his majefty King G^roge^ and 
and members of the Church of England? How then have 
jthey been juftly charged with violations of the laws of the 
ftate ? And has^ it not been equally made to appear, that the 
2 irregularity 

[ u+ I 

irregularity the author fays the Methodifts have been guil^jr 
of, in coming to other parifh churches to receive the facra- 
ment, is owing to the negligence of your Lordfliip's derg/ 
and church-wardens ? How then have they been juftly charged 
with violations of the laws of the church ? But may wc not 
fuppofe by his fpeaking fo contemptuoufly of thefe kincrant 
preachers, that itinerant preaching itfelf, is one of the many 
irregularities and violaiions of the laws of the church at leaft, 
if not of the ftate, which according to this author ate juftly 
charged upon thcfe itinerant preachers? His eighth query, 
page nth (which for method fake I would here beg leave to 
make fome remarks upon) befpeaks as much. For he herein 
fubrhits it to the corifidcration of the publick, "Whether, 
in 21 chriftian nation, where the inftruflion and edification of 
the people is provided for, by placing minifters in cerimn di* 
Jlricls^ to whoi^ the care of the fouls within thofe diftrias 
is. regularly committed ; it can be for the fervice of religion, 
that itinerant preachers run up and down from place to place, 
and froni county to county, drawing after them confufed mul- 
titudes of people ? an evil which our church has wifely pro*" 
vided againft, fays our author, in the ordination of a priei, ' 
by exprefly limiting the exercife of powers conferred upon hinj,' 
of prcaching^'thc word of GoD, and adminiftring the holy , 
facraments, to the congregation where he (hall be lawfully dp^ 
pointed thereunto." Here indeed is a heinous irrbgu&ity 
charged upon thefe itinerant preachers, even a violation of 
the commiflion given them when they were ordained priefts} 
but with what juftice, I would refer to your Lord(hip3 confi- 
deration. For if the commifEon given us, when ordained 
piiefls, abfolutely prohibits us to preach any where but to the 
congregation where we fliall be lawfully appointe^l therunto, 
will it not prove too much ? and has not the author, in ende^« 
vouring to reproach us, unwarily reproached your Lordlhips 
alfo ? for are not your Lordfhips then equally irregular, 
equally violators of the laws of the church, whenever you 
preach (though it be never fo feldom) out of your Lordfhips 
refpeclivcdioccfles ? And does not this commifEon, thus ftri£Uy 
talcen, abfolutely forbid any prefbyters whatfoever preaching 
any where befiues in their own particular congregations? 
and' if fo, are not all minifters that exchange pulpits equally 
6 . irregular. 

X >45 1 

irreguUr, ik leaft as really violators of their ordination commlf- 
fioo, as thefe itinerant preachers i 

Our author in the following paragraph under the foremen** 
tiooed qiiery tells us; *' That the bifliops indeed and alfo our 
two univerfities have power to grant licenfes to precch, of a 
larger extent, to fuch clergymen as they judge proper; who, 
b virtue thereof may, if they chufe, travel from place to 
dice as itinerants, fiut then the church has provided in that 
ife {Can. 50}, that neither the minifter, church-wardeiis^ 
lor any other officers of the church fhali fuffitr ahy than to 
icach within the churches and chapels^ but fuch as by ihow* 
B{ theu- licence t6 preach, fhali appear unto them (o be fuf>- 
ciehUy authorited thereunto." What tliefe licences for itl- 
erant preaching are to which the author here refers, is noc 
rtain. Does he not feem to mean the common licences 
hich your Lordfliips give the clei^gy; when mey take upon 
em holy orders? Are not thefe the licences which the 
Lurch-wardens examine ? And what is the end of thefe li* 
aces f Was it ivcr beard before that they were to qualify 
rfbns to be itinerant preachers ? ts not the plain end of them, 
fttisfy the church-wardens that the perfont wHo offer their 
rvicc fiave bad a regular ordination, and are (yfficientty «u- 
orifed to preach 7 And does not the author know that thefe 
^ndes now are little regarded ? Do not our letters of orders 
fwer the fame end to all intents and purpofe 7 Were they 
It judged fufficient at our firft fetting oUt into the minifiry ? 
od after all, what is it that the minifters and church-wardens 
n do to perfons that have not thefe licences ? Why they are 
»t to fufier them to preach within their chut ches and chapels ? 
ithave they any power, my Lords, to hiiidei- them frooi 
eacbing without their churches or chapels ? No, biefled be 
OD^ their power is limited within,: hitherto can rhey go, 
d no further. And therefore fuppofing thefe itinerant 
sachers, though they have no ]i<:enfes, do not preach within 
y churches or chapels, unlefs with the minifters or church-^ 
irdens confent, how are they juftly charged with violating a 
tr of the church, though they (bould preach without doori 
as great multitudes as (hall be inclined to hear them ? 
He proceeds in the 3d paragraph under this 8tb query to 
ite thus : << The pradiice of licenfing itinerant preachers 
V^OL.IV, K was 


[ 146 3 

was occafioned by the low talents ot many incumbents in tb 

more carhy days of the reformation, whofe abilities carrie 

them no farther than to the Kading of homilies; a defo 

which has long been remedied by a liberal education of fuff 

cient numbers of perfons for the miniftry, who regularly pe 

form the office of preaching, as well as other duties, in ti 

parifhes committed to their care. And if* thb forcmcnttom 

defe£t did ftill continue, as God be thanked it does nc 

it would be ill fupplied by our modern itinerants, who mal 

.it their principal employ, wherever they go, to inftil in 

the people a few favourite tenets of their own ; and this, wil 

fuch diligence and zeal as if the whole of chriftianity dependc 

upon them, and all efforts towards the true chriftian lift 

'without a belief of thofe tenets, were vain and inefFe<Sua!." 

But, my Lords, what can this author mean by wrltiogthus 

. forfuppofin^the practice of itinerant preaching was primatil 

occafioned by the low talents of many incumbents in the mat 

darly ^ys of the reformation, does it therefore follow^ ths 

there can be no other jufl caufe af&gned for itinerant, prcacb 

ing now ? What if the gdn^rality of ihg prefent incumbnl 

depart.from the good old do6Uines that were preached in tb 

mor^.early days of the reformation, and i^otwith (landing tM 

liberal education, make norther ui't. of their k'arnipgbut.t 

explain away the articles and homilies, which they ha^ve fut 

. fcribed in the grammatical and literal fenfc ? Is it not nece 

' fary, in order to keep up the dodrincs, and thereby the n 

dignity of the church, that either the clergy thus degeneratCi 

fbould be obliged to read the homilies as formerly^ and ' 

preach confidently therewith ; or that thofe who do hold, tl 

doSrines of the reformation, (hould go about from .pl|K:e 

place, and from county to county, nay from pole to . pole, 

their fpHere of aSion extended fo far, to dire£t poor fouls di 

• are every-where ready to perifh for lack- of knowledgie, in 

the right wa,y which leadeth unto life ? That this is theeafel 

tween the efiablifhed clergy and thefe itinerant preachers, «i 

appear prefently ; and how then can this author charge tb 

. with making it their principal employ, wherever they go, 

jnftli into the people ^ few Javourk^ tenets of their own ? I 

..ihe author followed them wherever they have preached, t 

be alTcrts this fo confidently concerning^ tbeip I h it not to 

c a? y ^ 

wiffied that he had at leafl; taken cafe to have been better ttf^"^ 
formed ? for then he would have faved himfelf from the -guilf 
of a notorious flander. Is it not evident to all who hear themi* 
that the favourite tenets which the itinerant preathfirs make' 
it their principal employ to inftil into people's triinds wherever ' 
they go, are the great doSf fines ofthg reformationy homilies and = 
articles of the church ? fuch Sis " Man's bringing intd th<i 
world with him a corruption which reilderi him liable. td' 
GoD*s wrath and eternal damnation : That the Condition of" 
nan after the fall of Adam^ is fiich that he <^annot turn and 
prepare hlmfelf, by his own natural fttength 2lnd good #orks^^ 
ro faith and calling upoa God : That we afe actoiintiMb 
righteous before GoD, only for the merit of ohr LoR^ &nd^ 
SavTour Jesus Christ by faith, and not foi' oUr own Wofki* 
or defcrvings : That they are to be accurfed^ who prcfimltf 
to fay, that every man fhall be faved by the hw oi fed whicH 
he pnofefleth) fo that he be diligent to frame his life Hdcdrd-^ 
iflg tb that law, and the light of nature.*' Thefe^ my Lord^ 
are fodie of the favourite tenets of thefe itinerant preach^rl^ 
Theur others are like unto them. Can thefe, my Ldrd6^ bd 
{Hoperly called their own i Or ought it not to be the prlnciA 
pal employ of every true minifter, where^bf he goes^ to inftil 
foch tenets^ and that tbo with the utmoft diligence and sfteali 
into the people's minds ? Does not a great part of chriftianity 
depend on' them ? And art not all pretenfions to a true chHP^ 
tian life, without a belief of thefe tenets^ vain and ineffdAual ? 
May not thefe itinerant preachers therefore complain unta 
yjuf Lordfliips of this anonymous author, as Mepbibo/htib 
complained to David of treacherous Ziba ? Doubtlefs he hath 
flandcred them. 'And wherefore does he fpesk fo conteriip* 
tuoufly of itinerant preachers ? Is it not an anitable and ho« 
Aburable character ? And may I not take the freedom of ae-» 
quainting your Lordfliips, that if all the Right Reverend th^ 
'Biihops did their duty, (efpecially my. Lord oi London^ whof# 
diocefs is of fuch a vaft extent) they would all of them long 
fmce have commenced itinerant preachers too ? 

BMt to return to an examinaiioh of the other part df the 
author's preface. After he has taken it for granted, that 
many irregularities are juftJy charged upon thefe itinerant 
-preachers^ as << Violations of the laws of thurcb and ftate," 

[ '48 1 
he adds, ff It may be proper to enquire,* whether the dodrihet 
^y teach, apd thofe lengths they run beyond what is prac-- 
tjfecL among our religious focieties, or in any other chrifKan 
church, be a fcrvicc or diiTervice to religion." The religi- 
ous (bcieties or any other chriftian church ! What, does our 
author m^ke the religious focieties a church ? This is going 
further than the Metiiodifts, whom he is pleafed to ftile 
only a ft6i. But if the religious focieties, my Lords, be 
a church, may it not be proper to enquire how their 
dodlrines or praAices came to be fet up as a rule and ftan- 
.dard /or .others to go by, 'fo that perfons doing fervice or 
4ifi^rvice to religi^ muft be judged of according as they de- 
inat^/rom^b£ adhtre^to the religious focieties either in doc« 
tftnt or prance { Or fuppofing the religious focieties were to 
ke:^ ftandard foy others to go by, was it not incumbent on the 
aa^Kir to give the public a (hort fummary and account of their 
do£irin^s and practices ? For otherwtfe how can the world 
poffibly judge whether the Methodifts do deviate from diem ; 
cr if fo, whether they do thereby fervice or diflervice to relU 
gioi} ? Indeed^ tbi? author has told us in his firft part, how the 
xcfligious focieties behave on Sundays ; but he has no where 
9cquainte]ji us wi^ the principles they hold, or how they be-> 
bavfi otk other days. And till he does, I will venture to affirmy 
idbat unlefs tbefe itiiierants teach other doArines than the pre«> 
(bit religious focieties generally hold, and run greater lengths 
in chciftianity than the generality of them, it is to be feared^ 
now run, they will be in great danger of never arriving at 
^ the mark for the prize of their high-calling in Christ 
Jesus their Lord.** 

I have been the'more particular, my Lord, in the exami« 
nation of the preface, becaufe the author, bv annexing thefe 
words, ** to which purpofe the following queries are fub* 
mitted to confideratioii," feems to lay it down as the ground^ 
work and foundation of all the fubfequent queries. And if 
tbc foundation be fo weak and fandy, how flight and fuper«^ 
ficial muft be the {uperfb-ddture^ 

. I fuppofe your Lord^ig? will readily grant, that it is the 
bounden duty of every regular and fair writer '(efpedally wiien 
he is charging others wi(b irregularities as violations o^ the 
laws of church and ftate) to take care that he does not violate 
the laws of chriftiaa charity* Or if be puts queries to the 


C H9 ] 
o^lic concerning any perfons, ought be . not to take heed 
that thofe queries are founded upon truth, and that the chdVgcs 
therein exhibited are really matter of fkSi i But our Author 
has Aotorioufly negledeS this fundamental' rule, and thereby 
not only call a laftitig blot and odium upon his own chafaiQefy 
if his name was known, but alfo hath done real hurt to the 
caufe he wo4ld defend. The query already examined con* 
oeming itinerant preachings wherein he has charged the Me- 
tihodifts with inftilling into people a few favourite tenets of 
their own, Sufficiently demonftrates this* But this is hbt all i 
fevcral of the other queries now coming under confideruddn 
are by no means founded on truth, and contain charges a^hift 
tbefe itinerants, whereby they are as much wronged irid *^* 
jujWy vilified as ever Stephen was, when the Jews ^horp^L 
men who faid, ^^ We have heard him fpeak btafphembbs 
words againft Mofes and againft God, this holy place and the 

law." y ; 

. '^o prove this, we n^ed only examine the two queries which 
jmn^fdiately follow the preface. 

• ^uery ,ifl. *' Whether notions in religion may not"-l)e 
heightened to fuch extremes, as to lead feme into a difregard 
of iivligipn itfelf through defpair of attaining fuch exalted 
Jmgbts ? and whether others, who have imbibed thofe notic)ns, 
inay not be led by them into a difregard and difefteem of the 
tommoq duties and offices of life, to fucfi a ^degree at l(^aft as 
is inconiiftent with that attention to them, and that diligence . 
in th,em, which providence has made n^c'elTary to the w^lU 
being, of private families and public foci^ties, and which 
chriftianity does nofonly require in all ftations and in all 
conditions, but declares at the fame time [CoL iii. %2. Ephef. 
§. 6.) that the petformance even of the loweft offices in life, 
as unto God (whofe providence has placed people in their 
ieyeral ftations) is truly ferving Chuist, and will not Hit of 
its reward in the next world.'* 

• ^ery 2. "Whether the enemy of mankind may not 
find his account in their carrying chriftianity, which was de-^ 
figned for a ru|e to all ftations and all conditions, to fuch 
hetgbjts as make It fairly praf^icahle by a very few in compa^ 
fifon, or rather by none ?^* 

His 5th and 6th<iueries, page the loth, are like unto them. 

Th^ run thus, " Whether thofe exalted ftrains in* religion, 

K 3 and 

C I5P 1 

qpd ^ti imagination of being already in sLjtafe tfpirffHtmf 'wr 
^pc apt to lead men to fpiritual pride, ^nd to a contempt of 
their fellow- c^riftians J while they confid^r them as only going 
gn in wh^t they apcount the low apd imperfed way, (i. #. as 
growing ip gra^e and goodnefs only by degrees) ? And again^ 
f 5 whether the fame ej^aUed ftrains and motions do not tend to 
weaken the patural and ciyil relations among men, by leading 
the inferiors^ into whofe heads thofe notions are infufed, ta 
^. difefteem pf their fuperiors ; whilf they confider them as. 
jn 4 much lower ^ifpevfation than themfelves ;i though thofe 
fpperiors afe otherwife fober and good men, and regular zu. 
tendants pn the ordinances of religion V* 

flere ^gain it is fi^ppofed, that thefe itinerant preachers either 
jpiagine themfelves to- be in a ftape of perfe<SiQn, or at leaft 
^each. others tp imagjne that they afe ; and that the confe-. 
quenpe of tjiis, is a weakning the natural, and civil relations 
among men, by leading them to adifefteem of their fellow- 
chriftia()s, ^nfJ fuperiors, who ^e fupppfe4 to be in a lower 
flifpenfation than themfelves. 

Heayy charges, my Lprds, thefe arc indeed ! Bwt what evi- 
dence does our author produce to prove them ? Why really 
none at all. |^or here is po quotation at ^he bottom of either 
pf thefe queries froni any of their writings ; fo that we cannot 
tell whether they ^r? levelled sigainft thefe itinerant preacher$. 
in gpner^l, or any one of them in particular. And therefore 
^he Prebendary of Su Baurs^ who has been pleafed to reply 
to my ^rft letter, in vindication of this author, has done 
yrrong in affirming, ^* That under each query thefe is fome 
guotatiqn either from fpy journals or other writings, whereon 
it is founded/- ^ut there is no fuch thing under ^hefe four^ 
>vherein fuch heavy charges are included. And therefore rn^y 
I not arg4e, a$ the author does upon another oqcafion in his 
i^rft part, page gth, that 'tjU fome propf doe$ appear, the 
prefumption muft be that he has none ? 
, |n the mean while, I dafq challenge this, jiuthor, and the 
Y^hple world^ to produce any pafiage out of my writing^ 
>vhereip I haye taught any other cbriftianity, than what^^ 
|hrough the aids qf tjieBljrfled-. Spirit^ is prai^icable by all per-^ 
fons in all conditions ; or that I ever preached otherwife thai\ 
ft.l'hatfhe performance- cvffi^of the Ipweft 'o|i(?e$ ^f Uf^t as 

upto Good, whofe providence has placed people In their ijbveral . 
ftatiohs, is truly a ferving of Christ, and will nbt fail of its " 
reward (though not of debt, yet of grace) in the next worW^* 
Neither did I ever imagine that I had attained, or was.aUead/ '^ 
perfe<a, or taught perfohs to imagine that they were fo : no,'' 
I expeft to carry a body of fin and death, about with me as ' 
long as I live, and corifefs from my fnmoft foul, that I ain * 
the chief of finners,'and lefs than the l^aft of all faints ; I am' 
fo far from thinking that an imagination that we are already 
in a ftate of perfection, is only apt to lead men into fpirltual 
pride, that I condemn it as the very quinteflence and higheft 
degree of it. And the more we are conformed to the divine 
image, the more exaft I believe we (hall be in keeping up our 
natural and civil relations among men, in giving all honour 
to whom honour is due, and in lowlinefs of mind efteeming 
each other better than ourfelves. And if fo, my Lords, may' 
not the author, for thus charging thefe itinerants in .general 
without diftindtion, bejuftlyftiled a UbtUer? And how will 
he undertake to prove, that any one of thefe itinerant preach- 
ers in particular, carries chriftianity to any greater heighth] 
than he himfelf doesV query 13th, page 16, where in fpeak- 
ingof the Holy Spirit, he has th^fe words, "Whofe pecu- 
liar office it is, to feafon the heart with humility, and ta 
root out of it the feeds (what is that but th^ very inbcing ?)* 
of pride and vain-glory.'* 

Is he not very irregular in writing thus at random ; nay, 
docs he not hereby himfelf openly violate the laws both of 
church and flate ? 

It is true, our author would ajjpear an advocate for both ; 
but does not his tkird query, page 9th, plainly prove him a real 
friend to neither; efpecially the latter? He there afks, « whe- 
ther in particular, the carrying the doSrine of jtjftification,.by 
faith alone to fuch a heighth, as not to allo\y, that a careful 
fincere obfervance of moral duties is fo much as a condition of 
our acceptance with God, and of our being juftified in his 
fight ; whether this I fay, does not naturally lead people to 2^ 
difiregard of thofe duties, and a low efteem of them; ar rather 
to think them no part of the chriftian religion i " It is plaiq 
fjcom hence, that one of thefe e;ftrem<es to which thefe itine-; 
f jjnts exalt chrjftianity, ^nd whereby it's (jueried^ vrtictl^cr thej 

C 152 1 

4q fcrylcc ^r ^iflfervfce to religion, " is tj^ci^ carrying tb(r 
doiSlrine of juftification by faith alone to fuch a bcj^bt, a^ not 
to allow that a careful and fincere obfervance of moral duties 
sa (6 ttiuch as a conditipii of our acceptance with God, and 

pf oqr bejng j^ftified in his fight.'- Our author it feems is for 
another w^y of falvatioii, qtury ^thy page loth, wz, " for men's 
gradu;illy working out their own falvation, by tbeir o.wn ho- 
Hefi endeavours, and tbrough the ordinary affiftances of God\ 
grace; wiih a hqnible reliance vpon the merits of Christ for 
the pardon of their fin^ and the acceptance of their fincerei 
though imperfecSl fervices." This is our common divihityJ 
This is what my Lord of Londgn .in bis laft padoral letter 
againfl: luke-warmnefs and enchufiafm^ exhorted his cjergy to 
preach* But how contrary is all this to the articles and ho* 
milics of our phurcji I For what fays the iith article? f* Wc 
are accounted righteous before God, only for the merit of our 
Lord and Saviour Jesvs CtiRiST by faith, and not for our. 
own works or defcrvings. Wherefore that we arejuftified 
by faith only is a moft wholfome doctrine, atid very fuU of 
comfort, as ntigre largely is e^prefled in the homily of juftifi* 

Apd if both tb^ article and homily of the Chqrch of Eng'^ 
iand exprefly declare, that wc arc ji^ftified before (or in the 
iight oQ Gop, by faith, a(id faith only, how can ^ a care. 
ful and fincere obfervance of moral duties be a condition, 
^y trords, of our acceptance with God, and of our being 
juAified in his fight ?^' And if ^he doSrine of being juftificd 
by faith only be ^ wholfome doctrine, and very full of com^ 
fort, how can this author in the latter part of this query now; 
before us, ^iiquire, ^ whether preaching this do^rine dees 
liot naturally fbad people to a difregard of rnoral duties, and a 
low eftfljpqi of them j or rather tp think them no part bf the 
chriftian religion ?" Does he confider, that in writing thus, he 
dircdiy fymbollzes with the infidel, Romiy'i, i. ^^'hois introdu- 
ced after the apoftle had been infilling at large on this dodrinc. 
of juftification by faith only, as fpcaking like our author, 
V Shall' \ye fin then that grace niay abound ?" The apo01e 
immediately rcj.e6is the motion with a me genoito y and fo reply 
thefe itinerants, my Lor43, " GoD forbid.*' For what fays 
the i2ihy article of eur- Church ? " Albeit that good works, 

irWcharB thofruits pf faith, and foMbw ^r juftificafloh^ 
cannot pot away fins, and endure the fev^rity of Gop's judg«- 
inetir; yet arc they picafing and acccpfaWc to Goii jn 
Christ, and do fpring out neceflarily of ^ tnie" and livSy 
^tb, infpmuch that by theni a lively 'faith, may be as evi- 
iendy known, as a tree difcerned by the fruit ?" And do we 
then by preaching the doftrine of juftification by faith only, 
'• naturally lead people to a difregard of moral duties and a' fow 
rfteem of (hem, much lefs to think them no part o^ the 
chriftian religion ? Do we not rather eftablifh them, by layyig 
a foundation whereon true moral duties can only be built, fo 
as to be accept^ible in the fight of God ? for what fays our 
' lyi article ? ** Works doi^e before the grace of CHmsr, 
and the infpiration of his Spirit, are not pleafant to Goo, for 
sts much as they fpring not of faith in Jesus Christ, nei- 
ther do they make men meet to receive grace, or (as the fchool 
autl^>r8 f^y)'deferve grace of congruity ; yea rather, for that 
they are not done as God hath willed and commanded tbem 
^ be done, we doubt not but they have the nature of fin/' 
' T(5 this query our author annexes the following obferva* 
tiqn, *^ The words of the pious and judicious Mr. ChiUing'^ 
vf^rtbw very material to this purpofe : For my part, fays he, 
i do heartily wifh that by public authority it were ib ordered, 
that no man fhould ever preach oi* print^this do^rine, that 
JFaith alone juilifies, unlets he joins this together with it, that 
|Ubiverfal obedience is neceflary to falvation." Wha^ piety 
Slnd judgment Mr. Cbillingworth might be remarkable for, I 
know not ; but if by *' univerfal obedience being neceflary to 
falvation," l^e means what our author does (or other wife this 
quotation is nothing to the purpofe) juftification in the fight 
iDf Gop, th^n Mr. Chtllingworth's writing after this manner 
is a fpeciinen neither of his piety or judgment ; b'dl:aufe''the 
c}uite contrary do£lrine is contained in our articles, and efta- 
blifhed by public authority! So that to wifti for juftification 
by faith alone to be put down by public authority, what is k 
in efFe£l but to^ wifti for the utter fubverfion of the grand doc- 
trine of the reformation ? Perhaps it may not be impertinent, 
or a vain repetition, if I here beg leave to tranfcribe a pafiage 
(which I lately printed in my anfwer to the Prebendary of 
^/. PauTs) ou^ of the Honeycomb ofFm Juftification^ written 

' ' by 

by one Mr. Eahn^ of Trinity College in C^mhridgi^ printed at 
tfonion in the year 1642. ^' Free juftification was firft^njoined'^ 
to b^.diligently taught, for the reformation of the church, by 
King Henry VIII. but was by King Edward VI. and Qucea 
£//2Uii^/A, principally eftablifhcd by parliament, and fmgledout 
from all the reft of the eftablifhed articles of religion \ and 
reduced into fcrmons and homilies, to be (after the people's 
fight of their loft eftate, and woeful mifery by fin) principally 
taught^ and chiefly known and underftood of til the fubjedts 
and commons of the land, for thefe four caufes. 

I ft, ^^ Becaufe it is the only imm^iate caufe and means of 
our. peace with God. For being juftiftecj by faith we have 
peace with God, Rom. v, i. and our afTurance. of free falva- 
tiQp by Jesus Christ, and is therefore called thejuftifica- 
tion of life, R^m. v. 18. " For whom God juftifieth, them 
|ie alfo glorifieth," Rom. viii. 30. 

3d, ♦' Becaufe it is the chiefeft caufe and means to difcover 
and fupprefs the Romijb antichrift, popery, &c. and all other 
fuperftitions, fe£(s, errors and fchifms out of the land ; and to 
^ftabliib unity, peace and concord in matters of religion^ and 
of afTurance of fr^ falvation, and makes every man to keep in 
iilaiyful vocation, and to do it profitably in love. GaL v. 13. 

4th. <^ To dire£t minifters, opSoxo/eTi^, to go with a right 
foot to the truth of the gofpel, GaL ii. 14. in found preaching, 
^4 pure declaring of the word of God, by a true faith of 
free juftification, becaufe (faith the eftablifhed do6irine of our 
church) fincere preachers ever were, and ever fhall be but a 
few; and their preaching of God's word, moft fincere in the 
beginning, by proccfs of time waxeth lefs and lets pure, and 
after is corrupt, and laft of all quite laid down, and left off j 
becaufe free juftification is a doctrine hardly learned in a 
church, and foon loft again, GaL i. 6. and yet is the true 
ftrength, happinefs. and fafety of the whole land, Iffiiab Ixii. 

" Hereupon, the 5th part of the fermon againft difobedienc^ 
and rebellion, eftablifhed by Queeii £//2:a^^//^,. teacheth th^ 
commons, that fuQh biftpps or ecclefiaftical . perfons, as by ^ 
pridQ and ambitious rule^ do by, terms of error, fchifms ojf 
htrefy, \iini(ix,i\(\% main Jigbt. of Qop'^ wor 4 h^mih^t people, 
■' I . »:\' ■ :. • . .. ' ' ^re,' 

[ ■ 155 3 
are. the dniftft trajtors in the )and : and the 6th and laft parf * 
Itrgelj teacheth, that fuch fubjecls and commons to whom, 
through ignorance of God's word, this light of righteoufncft, 
and this fun- of underftanding doth not (bine, although thejr 
may brag, as did fometimes the Jewljh clergy and people, 
that they cannot lack knowledge, yet are fuch by their blind- 
dead feith, traytors to God, traytors to their king, traytors 
to their own fouls and bodies, and traytors to the whole 
land and country." 

Thus far Mr. Eatsn. And whether he or Mr. Chilting* 
%v9rih wrote with moil piety and judgment on this head, I. 
leave to the author's confideratioh. And at the fame time ap« 
peal to your Lord(bips, whether the Methodifts, by preaching- 
up the ^odtrine of ytf/?//£ftf//0n by faith alone y carry chriAianhy 
tQ an extrettie ? or, whether or not this author, by making 
rooral duties a condition of our acceptance with God, and of, 
our being ju^ifjed in his fight, is not himfelf guilty of an irre- 
gularity whith amounts to a violation of the laws both of 
church and Qate ? . .. 

l^ay not this alfo, my Lords, ferve as an anfwer to our 
author's loth query^ page lath. *' Whether it be for the fer- 
vice of rejigien, to difcourage people (torn reading Archbifhop 
Tillotfofl's Sermons and the Whole Duty of Mem? to whom 
our Methodifts might have added many more of our beft 
writers after the reftoration. For, all thefe (together with 
explaining the whole work of our redemption by Christ) 
endeavoured to turn the minds of people to the pradice of 
inoral duties, and to cure them of that madnefs and enthuli-. 
afm into which they had been led by the Antinomian doc- 
tri|ieS| and others of the like tendency, during the times of 
anarchy ^pd confuijon ?" Undoubtedly ; for are they not both 
wrong in their foundation ? The latter indeed lays no founda* 
tion byjuftifying faith at all, and therefore 'may be more 
properly termed Half the Duty of Man \ and the former, like 
Qur author, contrary to the laws of church and ftate, makes 
good works a condition of our acceptance with Gop, and of 
our being juftified in his fight* And though I might have 
(pvcd my borrowed £omparifm of pfitting the Archbilhop on 
%}tvti yf ith Mabomety (for whiicb JE a(k the public pardon, 

: •- ^oggl| 

C >56 1 

tBough perhaps even this confeffion may be turned to' my' rp- 
pfoach) y>et I can by no meanfr agree with our author in thjf 
fame query, page 13//&, that either his Grace, or the author of 
the Whole Duty of Marty explained the whole work of our re*» 
demption by Christ. For how can that be poffibly done, 
without explaining the doctrine of juftification by faith alone? 
And therefore, whaterer good the Archbiihop, and manjr 
other of our beft writers after the Reftoration (as this au- 
thor ftiles them) might defign by endeayoOring ^^ to turn the 
mmds of people to the praSice of moral duties^ and to cure 
liiein of that madnefs and enthufiafqn into which they had 
been led by the Anfinomian do£krines, and qthers of Ae likt 
tendency, during the times of anarchy and confufion,'' may I; 
not appeal to your Lordfliips, whether that of the Poet be not 
^^>;too applicable to his Grace, to the Author of the WboU Duif 
rfMan, and to writers of that ftamp : 

IncURt injillamj fffi vub viian Charibdif^ f 

Voty is there no way, my LrOrds, of turning people's toiiids 
to the pra£lice of moral duties, without turning their nunds 
from the doctrine of juftification by Aiith alone, without 
which, moral duties cannot be acceptable to Cod at all? 
What is this, my Lords, but, Pharoah like, to command 
God's Ifrael to make brick without giving them ftraw ? And 
fuppofmg it be true, that the people before the reftoration bad 
been led into madnefs add enthufiafra, by Antinomian doc- 
trines, was there no other way, my Lords, of curing them oif 
tills madnefs, but by preaching down the moft fundamental 
article of the church of Englandj and fo by preaching up the 
do£):rine of juftification in the fight of God, partly by werisj 
and partly iy faiihy bring them half way to the church of 
Rome ? Do not thefe itinerants, my Lords, by laying doWn 
faith as the foundation, and building the fuperftruAure of 
univerfal obedience as the fruit of it thereon, keep a proper 
medium, and take the moft eftedual method of preferving 
people from Antinomianifm on the one hand, or madnefs and 
enthufiafm, anarchy and cohfufion on the other? And is notf 
this, my Lords, the conftant tenor of their fermons ? Do 
they not firfl labour to bruig people to a real faith in €hrist 
h thr Lord tb^ir righteoufnefsi and then cathort thofe that 


t «57 1 

believe^ to be careful to maintain and {hew totAi their ^itta, 
bjr a conftant uniform performance of all manner of good 
works i 

How difengenuous then is this Author's gth query j page 12'. 
^ Whether it does not favour of felf*fufficiency and prdfump- 
tion, when a few young heads, without any colour of a divine 
commiffion, fet up their own fchemes, as the great ftandard 
of chriftianity : and, how can it be reconciled to chriftian 
humility, prudence, or charity, to indulge their own notions 
TO fuch a degree, as to perplex, unhinge, terrify, and diftraift 
the minds of multitudes of people, who have lived from thefr 
ihfiancy unlter a gofpel miniftry, and in the regular exercife^of 
a gofpel woribip ; and all this, by perfuading them, that tbejr 
have never yet heard the true gofpel, nor been inftrut^ed in 
the triie 'way of falvation before : and. tMit they. neither are, 
nor can be true chrifiians, but by adhering to their do^rirus 
and £fcipUne^ and embracing chriftianitv upon their fchenus ? 
AH the while, for the fake oPthofe fchemes, zSSl in purfuance 
of them, violating the wholefome rules, which the powers 
Spiritual and temporal have wifely and pioufly eftabliihed^ for 
the prefervation'ef peace and order in the church/' 

Here he charges thefe itinerants (though without proof, as 
he had done in the preceding one) with ^^ftiiing up their cwjt 
JiiemiSj as the great Jiandard of chriftianity y** and with telling 
'people that they neither are, nor can be true chrifiians, but 
by adhering to their do£lrines and difcipline, and embracing 
chriftianity upon their fchemes/' Is not this calumny all 
over i For where has this author made it appear, th^t the 
Methodifts preach contrary to the articles of the eftabliihed 
*chnrch ? Or how does he or can he prove, that they affirm, 
■ ^* 'People neither are, nor can be true chriftians, without ad- 
hering to their difcipline ? " Where are any quotations to 
this purpofe in his obfervations ? Is not this, my Lords, all 
gratis di^um ? And therefore, to ufe fome of his own words, 
^ Does it not favouc of felf-fufficiency and prefumption, and 
'can it be reconciled to chriftian humility, prudence, or cha~ 
^rity," to indulge his prejudice againft any perfons living to 
fuch a degree, as to lay things to their charge which they 
never thought of or faid ? For* do not thefe itinerants freeTy 
coAverfe with perfona of all' communions ? Have I not in 
" « particulat 

r 158 

particular comtnunieated with the church of Bc$tbnJ^ ah^ 
preached among the c}i\xtQ)kt%inNiW-England ? Do not the 
generality of the clergy cry out againft me as a latitudinarian, 
and look upon me for fo doiogv as the bigotted Jiws did on 
Peter J for going unto the uncircumcifed Gentiles ; though. I 
fay as he did, ^^ Cap any man forbid me to converfe with 
and communicate with thofe who have received the Holy 
Ghoft as well as we?'' Are not thefe notorious matters oif 
fa£l ? And how then can this author infinuate, that tbefe 
itinerants tell people^ that they neither are, nor can be chrif- 
tians without adhering to their difcipline ? 

But further, how fcornfully does he fpeak; of thefe Itine*' 
rKnts ? He ftiles them a few young beads. And how unwarily 
has he thereby ihewed his ignorance of the lively oracles of 
God ? For has he never read what David faith, PfaL viii* 2. 
*^: Out of the mouths of babes and fucklings haft thou or- 
dained ftrength, becaufe of thine enemies, that thou mighteft 
ftiU the enemy and avenger?" Or that of the Apoftle, 
I Cor. u Q.'jj 28. ^^ But God hath chofen the foolifli thiBgs 
of this world to confound the wife; and God hath chofen 
the weak things of this world to confound the things which 
are mighty; and bafe thingsrof theworld, and things whick 
are defpifed, hath God chofen^ yea and things that are not, 
to bring to nought things which are ?" How prefumptuoufly 
does he alfo tax- thefe few young heads in this fame query, 
with a£Ung •* without any colour of a divine commiffionf* For 
have not feveral of thefe .young heads received a commiiSon 
from your Lordfhips ? And does not the fuccefs they have 
met with, as alfo their being ftrengthened to flem and fur* 
mount fuch a torrent of oppofition, afford Tome colour at leaft, 
that they have a3ed by a divine .commiflion indeed ? F(^ 
how could a few young heads,^ my Lords, or any men wha&« 
foever, do fuch things, unlefs God was with them ? 

But our Author, it feems, looks upon what they call fuc- 
cefs, in a diflfcrent light, and therefore, in this gth ^«^ry, fur- 
ther afks;^^ How it can be reconciled to chriifian humility^ 
prudence, or charity, to indulge their own notions to fuch a 
degree, as to perpJiex, unhinge, terrifyy and dfiftradi the minds 
of multitudes of people, who have lived from their infancy 
under a gofpel miniftry, and in the regular excrcife of a gof- 


[ ^59 1 
pel worfhip; and all this, by.peiruading them, that they bav< 
ficTer jet hearj^^thettfucgofpel^ nor been inftru<Scd in tbe 
true way of falvation before.'* To prove this particular parj 
of the Qjiery, he refers to pafiages which my Lord of London 
Was pleafed to extract out of my third Journal fome years ago, 
fuch as, ** I offered Jesus- Christ freely to them ; — I think 
WaUs 48 excellently well prepared for the gofpel of Christ ; 
-"•Received news of the wonderful progrefs of the gofpel in 

•ToriJUre^ und?r the miniftry of my. dear brother Ingham \ — I 
was refrelbed by it great packet of letters, :giving me an aic«- 
count of the fuccefs of.the gofpel j — A mpft comfortable paf;^ 

4c;et of letters, giving me an account of the fuccefs of the goTr 
pei/' But how do all jthefe pafiages, my Lords, put all together, 
aftbrd* the leaft ihadow of a prx)of of what this Author here 
lays to thefe itinerants charge I Or how can offering Christ 
freely, and hearing and writing of the (ucceft of the gofpol:^ 
be interpreted as perplexing, unhinging, terrifying, and:di« 

-fira&ing^-the minds of multitudes of people, &c. ? Is not* 
this, my Lords, like the other proofs he brings againfl: 

.tbcfe itinerants in fome dthpr refpe£ls i . And may I not v<2n- 

iture taaffirm now, whatever I. did fome years ago, th^t if the 
Right Reyerend the'Bifhop3^-;and Reverend the Clergy, hold 
the fame princifiies, widhcthia Anonymous Author, then the 
generality of the poor people of England^ however regular 
they may have been from their infancy in the exercife of a 

.gofpel worfhip, never yet lived under a gofpel miniftry, have 
never yet heard the true gofpel, or been inftrufted in the true 

•way of falvation. For bow can that be, when thz fundamental 
iolfrine of the gofpel^ I mean juftifiication by faith alone in 
the fight of God, muft be necef&rily every where preached 
down ? Does not Luther call this, Jrtkulus Jlantls aut cadentis 
iulefta? And is there any thing, -m]! Lords, fo very irrecon- 
cilable to chriftian humility, prudence, or charity, for a few 
young heads, who do hold this dodlrine, (feeing thofe who 
fecm pillars, and are the aged heads of the churchy are fo much 
out of order) to venture out and preach this do&rine to as 
great multitudes of f)eople as will give them the hearing? 
And fuppofmg fome of thefe multitudes (bould be unhinged, 
terrified, diftrafted, or diflurbcd a little, is it not better they 

' ihould be thus unhinged fr9m oS their. faifefbuttdatioo beie, 


[ i6d 3 

ttiah by building upbn their own wdrkl^ aiid gpmg about ixi 
efiablifli a righteoufnefs of tbw Own| endanger their eternal 
falvation hereafter ? 

The diflra£ting peopIe^s minds to fuch a degree as to occa-* 
fion fudden roarings, agonies, fcreamings^ tremblings^ drop^ 
ping-down, ravings, and fuch like, is by no means the great 
end propofed by thefe itinerants preachings much lefs was it 
ever urged by them as an iffintial mark of the co-operation of 
the Spirit of God. And therefore, my Lords, is not our Au- 
thor very unfair in ftating his ^tb ^jury^ page lo, as he has 
done : ^^ Whether a due and regular attendance oh the pub^ 
lie oiEces of religion, paid by good men in a ferious attdcom^ 
pof(ki way, does not better anfwer the true ends of devotion^ 
and is not a better evidence of the co-operation of the Holy 
Spirit, than thofe fudden agonies, roarings and fcreamings^ 
tremblings, droppings-down, ravings and madnefles, into 
vrbich their hearers have been caft $ according to the relations 
• given of them in the Journals referred to ?'' Would not one 
imagine by this Query, that thefe itinerants laid down fuch 
things as fcreamings, tremblings, &c. as eflential marka of 
the co-operations of the Holy Spirit i But can any fudi^ 
thing be proved ? Art they not looked upon by tbefe itine- 
rants themfelves, as extraoidinavy tlungs, pmceeding generally 
from foul-diftrefs, and fometimes it may be from tbe agency 
af the evil fpirit,* who labours to drive poor fouls intodefpair? 
Does not this appear from the relation given of them in one^ 
of the Journals referred to f Are there not tnany relations o^ 
the co-operation of the Spirit in the fame Journal, where no 
fuch bodily tStOis are fo much as hinted at ? And does not 
this give ground to fufped, that ^^ the due and regular at- 
tendance on the public offices of religion, paid by (what out 
Author calls) good men, in a ferious and compofed way/* is 
little better than a dead formal attendance on outward ordi- 
nances, which a man may continue in all his life-time^ and 
be all the while far from the kingdom of Go0 f Di4 
ever any one before hear this urged as an evidence of the 
co-operation of the Spirit i Or would any one think, that 
the Author of the obiirvations ever read the relations that are 
given of the converfion of feveral in the holy fcriptures ? For 
may we not fuppofe, my LordS| that many were caft into 
^ fudden 

ruddcii. agonies sUid fcreamings^ Ji^s ii. 37. when «< thejr 
were pricked to the.bear,t, anifaid unto Peter and the reft of 
the apoftles. Men and brethren, what (hall wc do to be faycd?^' 
Oir what would this Author think of the converfion of the 
Jailor, yf£fs x. 2g, 30. ** ^ho Jprang tn^ and came iremhUng 
^nifell down before Paul and Silas } arid brought them out, 
and faid. Sirs, what muft I do to be faved ?"' Or what would 
he think of Pdiul^ who trembling and ajionifiidi Ac!s\k. 6. faidj 
*^ LoRP, what wilt thou have me to do ?" and w^s afterward^^ 
vei-. 9, '< three days without fight, and heithfet did cat no^ 
drink V* Is it Hot to be feared^ that if this Author had beeil 
feated upon the bench, ^nd heard this Apoftle give an accouqt 
of his own coitverfion^ he would havp joined with Fejius ui 
crying out with a loud voicp, ^^ Paul^ much learning hath 
made tbeb mad r* And are not all thefe things, and what- 
ever elfe Is ret:orded ih the book of God, written for oijr 
learning ? Is h^t Gor* the fame yefterdiy, to-day, for ever^? 
And may he riot now, 2ts well as formerly^ repeal his arm and" 
difpliy his power in bringing finners home to himfelf as^L^i^;!^ , 
and inftantaneoujly as in the firft planting of the gofpel cbufch2 

But it feems, by ^&ry 7; page 10, that our Author doubts 
whether tHe^e be atiy fiich thing as a fudden and injiantaneoui 
<hinge. For he tterc enqufrcs,* "Whether a gradual inri- 
provement ih gracQ ahd goddnefs, is not a better foundation 
of comfort, and of an aiTurance of a gofpel new birth, than 
that which is founded on the'do£lrine of a fudden and inftan- 
taneous change ; which^ if there be anyfueh things is not eafily 
diftinguilhed from fancy and imagination ; the workings 
whereof we iiiay well fuppofe to be more (Irong and powerful, 
while the perfon confiders himfelf in the {late of one who is 
admitted as a candidate for fuch a change, and is taught in 
due time^to expcft it ?** Here it is to be obferved, that after 
telling of a fudden and inftantaneous change, he adds, ^^ if 
there be any fuch thing." What, my Lords, does this Au- 
thor profefs himfelf an advocate for the church of England^ 
and yet fay, *' If there be any fuch thing as a fudden inftan- 
taneous change ?*' Does he not hereby lay an ax to the very 
root of the baptifm'al office ? For if the child be adlually re- 
generated by the Holy Ghoft, when the minifter fprinkles 
water upon him in the name of the blefled Trinity, does it 

Vol. IV. L not' 


{ i^^ 1 

Inot follow, that if any change at ^11 be wrouglit ih the chifd ' 
at that time, it mufl: be fudden and inftantaoeous ? And do^9 
he then fay, " If there be any fuch thing ? " . And do your 
Xordihrps affent thereto ? With what re^on then are thefc 
'itinerants upbraided for talking of zfudderi^ inftantaneotu 
change^ upon which the very effence of baptifmal regeneration, 
that DiAKA of the prefent clergy^ entirely depends ? 
< Befidcs, with what confidence or rules of fair reafoning can 
"he here enquire, ** Whether a gradual itnprovement in grace 
arid goodnefs, is not a better foundation of comfort, and of an 
■affurance of a gofpel new-birth, than that which is founded 
en the do£lrihe of a fudden and inftant^neous change; which, 
'if there be any fuch thing, is not eafily diftinguifhed from 
^fimcy and imagination ; the working whereof we may well 
"iiippofc to be more flrong and powerful, while the perfon 
confiders himfelf in the ftate of one who is admitted as a' can- 
didate for fuch a change, and is taught in due time to expeA 

V However unintelligible the latter part of this Query may be, 
does not the former part of it feem to imply, that thefe itine'- 
rants found the afiurance of the gofpel new-birth on this fud- 
"den and inflantancous change wrought on their hearers under 
"their fermons, exdujive of a gradual improvement iti grace and 
goodnefs afterwards F But is not this mere flander ? For 
'however they may humbly hope, that Sinners, when deeply 
imprefled, may be fuddenly and efFeftually wrought upon, 
yet how can it be proved that they reckon them real converts, 
till they fee them bring forth the fruits of the Spirit, in doing 
•juftly, loving mercy, and walking humbly with their God ? 
'Or if this was not the cafe, does not the author himfelf, if he 
holds baptifmal regeneration, found his comfort on the doc- 
trine of a fudden and inftantaneoirs change ?- And do not the 
greateft part of the poor fouls now in England^ go on fecurc 
t^at they fliall be eternally happy, and yet have no better 
foundation of comfort, and affurance of a gofpel new-birth, 
- than that which is founded on the do£lrine of a fudden and 
'jnftantaneous change wrought upon them in baptifm i 
' Is not our Author, my Lords, alfo in this Query, guilty of 
•another egregiotis miftake ! For the foundation of comfort 
which ihcfe itinerants lav and depend on is, the compleat and 


if. i63 ] 

M-fuffldent righteoufmfi ^ jESUS,*aiid the new birth or change 
''wrought in the heart, is by them looked upon only as an tui* 
inue that the perfons thus changed^ have indeed gotten a 
foundation on this rock of ages, and confequently a fure and 
certain hope of a rcfurreftion to eternal life. And is hoi all 
this, my Lords, eafily diflinguifhed from fancy and imagina- 
tion ? And does not our Author lead people to a wrong 
foundation for conlfort, by direcSling them to look for it from 
"a gradual improvement in grace and goodnefs?" For, 
what fays the Apoftle, i Cor. iii. ii. " Other foundation 
cari no man lay than that is laid, which is Christ Jesus,"— ^ 
" Who (as he fpeaks in the firft chapter of the fame epiflle, 
ver. 30.) is made unto us of God, wifdom, righteoufnefs^ 
ftn&ification and redemption ?" 

This foundation, as well as this fudden and inftantaneous 
change, 'whether wrought in or after baptifm, our Author, it 
is to be feared, is too great a ftranger to : at leaft, he gives 
too great evidence, that he has made but little improvement 
in grace and goodnefs ; for he a(ks in his nth ^ery^ page 1 3, 
^* Whether^ the frame of human nature fairly confidered, 
ihe Author of the JVhole Duty of Marty did not do better fervice 
to religion, in laying down rules to keep recreations of all 
lunds within the^ bounds of innocence, than they who novir 
ccnfure him, and abfolutely deny that recreations of any kind, 
confidered as fuch, are or can be innocent ? *' 

What rules the Author of the IVbdle Duty of Man may 
liave laid down to keep recreations of all kinds within the 
bounds of innocence, it may be needlefs here to enquire. Is 
it not fufficient, rhy Lords, to mention, t^at the holy fcrip- 
tares (wherein the whole duty of man, and that too in refpedl: 
both to faith and pra6lice^ is fully and really taught) lay down 
one golden univerfal rule for recreations and every thing elfe, 
that *' ^Whether we eat or drink, or whatfoever we do, we 
muft do all to the glory of God ?" Whatever recreations 
people take to the glory of God, thefe itinerants, my Liords, 
think are quite allowable : but if they are made ufe of meerly 
for felf-pleafing, and not to God's glory, nor to fit us for his 
ftrvice, they do aiSrm, that all fuch recreations neither are nor 
can be innocent. And if the Author of the Whole Duly of Man ^ 
or any other Author whatfoever, hath fet any other bounds, or 

L 2 fixed 

C 1^+ 3 

Jixcd any other rule, however fairly he may have confidcred 
tde frame of hum^n nature^ is it not evident, that he has not 
fairly conlidered the frame and nature of true chriftianity ? 
For does not that, my Lords, turn our whole lives into one 
continued facrifice to God ? And if we fairly confider the 
frame of human nature^ how weak and frail it is, and how* 
cafify diverted from purfuing our one great end, are not thc^e 
the greateft friends to religion, who caution people againft 
leading themfelves into temptations, or making ufe of any re- 
creation that may put them out of a fpiritual frame, and unfit 
them for the fervice of God ? Is this going any further than 
the Apoftle did, who fo ftridly cautions chriftians ** not to 
grieve the Spirit of God, whereby they are fealed to the day 
of redemption ? " 

Our Author, under this head, has referred to a paflage out 
of one of my Journals, wherein I gave an account of my 
being in fome polite company at Maryland^ who were difpofed 
to cards ; and alfo a paflage out of my letter from New-Brunf- 
ivick^ occafioned, if I miftake not, by meeting a man who 
thought it allowable to play at cards in the Chrijimas holidays, 
from the liberty given him by the Author of the fi^hole Duty 
of Mam And will our Author allow playing at cards to be 
a lawful recreation for a chriftian ? Is this one of the recrea- 
tions of «// */Wx which may be kept within the bounds of lo^ 
«iocence ? Is it not a kind of calling lots ? Has it not the 
appearance of evil ? Will he not hear the church ? And what 
fays the 75th canon ? " No ecclefiaftical perfon fhall at any 
time, other thap for their honeft neceffities, refort to any ta- 
verns or alehoufes, neither (hall they board or lodge in any 
fuch places. Furthermore^ they (hall not give themfelves to 
any bafe or fervile labour, or to drinking or riot, (pending their 
time idly by day or by night, playing atdui, cardsy or tables^ or 
any other unlawful game : .but at all times convenient, they (hall 
hear or read fomewhat of the holy fcriptures, or fliall occupy 
themfelves with fome other honeft ftudy or exercife, always 
doing the things which (hall appertain to honefty, and endea- 
vouring to profit the church of God, having always in mind 
that they ought to excel all others in purity of life, and (hould 
be examples to the people to live well and chriftianly, under 
piin ofveccle&aftical cenfures to be infliAed with feverity, ac- 

"^t eordfflg to the qualities of their offences.'! An ex;cellent 
canon this ! And may I not argue from it thus ? Either 
this canon is founded upon the word of God, or it is not : 
if It be not, why is it not abrogated ? if it be, why is it not 
put in praflicc ? Why do the clergy encourage frequenting 
of taverns, alehoufes, and gaming by their own example.? 
Are not fuch pradices in this canon fuppofed to be quite con* 
Irary to the purity of life and excellency of example which 
may be juftly required from them ? And if fuch things arc 
unfeemly in a clergyman^ are they not in a degree equally un« 
feemly in laymen^ whofe privilege as well as duty it'is, to be 
** holy in all manner of converfation and godlinefs," and who 
are univerfally commanded ** to fliinc as lights in the world 
amidft a crooked and perverfe generation ? '' 

My Lordsj might it not reafonably have been hoped, that 
your Lctrdfhips were too well acquainted with real and inward 
religion, to think that a foul born of God, and made partaker 
of a divine nature, can ftoop fo low, and a£l fo unlike itfclf, 
as to feek for recreation in gaming ?. Does not the glorious 
and plenteous redemption, that great, inexpreflibly great aijd 
prefent falvation> which the great High-prieft and Apoftle of 
our profeffion has purchafcd for us by ihedding his dear hearths 
blood, and whereby we are redeemed from this prefent evil 
world, fet us above fuch trifling things as thefe, fuppofmg 
they v^rerc not directly finful ? Are not chriftians " kings 
and priefts unto God ?'' And is it not as much beneath the 
dignity of their heaven-born fpirits, to ftoop to fo low an 
amufement as gaming of any kind, as ever it was beneath the 
dignity of the Roman Empinr to fpend his time in the amufe- 
ment of catching ilies ? Does not our Author, therefore, my 
Lords, by writing thus, ftrike at the very vitals of religion^ 
and prove too plainly th^t he is a ftranger to the power of the 
dear Redeemer's refurredljon ? Need we, therefore, wonder at 
bis iiib ^ery^ page 12, wherein he enquires, ^' Whether the 
fitong ^xpreflions which are found in their printed Journals, 
. of ixirawdinary prefences of GoD, diredling and atllfti^g them 
in a more immediate manner, do not need foi^e teQitponies of 
a divine mifEon, to clear them (jpom the charge of enthufiafm i '* 
Under this query our Author has alfo mentioned feveral paf- 
iages of my Jourpalsa e^tra^ed by my Loid of London, in 

L 3 Vi% 

t >65 ]. . . 

"his hji p'ct/l'ofal Uttir ag'ainft lukewarmriefe and. enthufiafm, 
and has alfo been at great pains to extra£l many more out of 
tny four laft Journals, which have been printed fince, ai^d 
which, according to our Author, are more fpll of enthufiafm, 
if pofliblc^ than the three firft ? ^ut does not this Author 
forget, that I anfwered his Lordfliip's letter, and proved, that 
his Lordihip was miftal^en in his cjefinitiofi of enthufiafm ; 
and that, according to his definition, I was no tnihujiafl? Did 
I not alfo prove, that the propofitions on whiph his Lord{hip*s 
quotations were founded were falfe ? {fas his Lprd(hip, or 
any one for him, becn^plcafed to make any reply to thsit aq- 
fwcr ? Not as I have heard of. And therefore, was it not 
incumbent upon this Author, my Lords, to have difproyed or 
invalidated my anfwcr to his Lordfliip's letter, before he could 
honourably mention the paflTages referred to therein, to prove 
me an enthuflafl ? But paffing by this, with the other many 
irr^lHl^ritm which are juftly charged upon this arionymout Ati^ 
fhcr^ if he a(ks " whether the ftrong expreffions which are 
fnund in tUir printed Journals (I fuppofe he would have faid 
his printed Journals, for I find under this Q^iery no Journals 
referred to but mine) of extraordinary prefences of God di- 
rtying and aiTifling them in a more immediate manner, dq 
not need {owe teftimonies of a divine million, to clear them from 
the charge of enthufiafm f '* I would aflcthis Author again, 
•* What teftimonies he would have?'* Can he bring any 
proof againft the matters of fail recorded in thefe Journals ? 
Or will he venture to affirm, that I did not feel the divine 
prefencc in an extraordinary manner, that is, more at one 
time than another ? Or that I have not been direSed in a . 
riore immediate manner, at certain times, when waiting upoa 

'God ? Were not fuch-ljkc queries put by the heathens to 
the primitive chriftians ? And w*as not their anfwer, Monftrare 
rtrgue^y fintio tantum ? I would further afk, what this Author 
means by a divine miflion ? Did not my Lord of Glouceftdr 
(for I muft again repeat it) give me an apoftolical one, when 
fcc faid, ** Receive thou the Holy Ghoft by the impofition of 

. pur hands ?" And can it be enthufiafm, or is there any thing 
rxtraordinary in faying, that I felt more of the influences of, 
this Holy Ghoft, and was affifted in a more immediate manngr 
|ti (py ac^a^iniftratioi^s at one time, than anotl^er f Or \% it 


£ '6; 3 

pot more extraordinary ^only indeed that it has been a goal 
while too too commori) that the Jlight Reverend the Bilhpps 
fliould t^fee upon them to confer the Hojy GBoft, and' the 
Revcreod the Clergy profefs they are inwardly moved by i^, 
and yet charge every expreffion they meet with, whereiij his 
blefled influences are fpolcen of as felt and experiencpd^ with 
being downright enthuliafm ? But what fhall we fay ?.** The 
natural man difcerneth not the things of the Spirit : they are 
fooHflinefs unto him, neither can he uhderHand them^ Jbecaufe 
they are fpiritually difcerned." What if fome of tlie ejfpret- 
fions, my Lords, in the Journals are flrong ? Does that 
prove them enthiifiaftical ? Or what if feeling the prefence 
of God, and being diredted in a more immediatie manner, be 
fomething extraordinary to our Author, dpes it therefore fol- 
low that it is fo to others ? Or is this Author like minded 
with the Right "Reverend the Biflipp and the Reverend the 
' Clergy of the diocefe of Litchfield and Coventry^ who reckon 
the indvvelling, and inward witnefling of, as alfo playing acnd 
preaching by the Spirit, among the karifmata^ the giifaculoiis 
gifts conferred on the primitive church, and which ha^i tcrtg 
fince ceafed ? If fo, no wonder that the expreffionsfeFcrfed 
to are ftrong and cxtra6rdinary:tb blm. But, my.Lordsi may 
I not beg leave to tell this. .Author, that thefe Inri^faht 
preachers have not fo learnt Christ ? 'Ko, they beHeve 'that 
Jesus is the fame yefterday, ti?-day, and for ever ;;an^ tjiat 
he is fiiithful, whohath faid to his Apoftlea,. and in them to 
all fiicceeding truly chriftian minifters, " La, I am with you 
always, even to the end of the world." Confequently they be- 
lieve the Comforter will abide iVith them for, witncfliiig 
with their fpirits that they are children of God j leading 
them by a diligent fearch of the holy fcriptures into alltf util ; 
guiding them together with the word, the voice of friends and 
Providence, in all circumftances by hi? counfel ; giving the'm 
utterance when called to fpeak to the people from Go.p, and 
helping their infirmities, and aiEfting them in prayer when 
called to fpeak to God for the people. Inwardly moved by 
this Spirit, and not by any hopes of human grandeur or pre* 
ftrment, thefe itinerants, my Lords, firft took on them the 
adminiftration of the church ; and his blefled influences they 
have from time to time happily experienced, as thoufands 

L 4 .!. - whofe 

Vlipfc eyes have beep opened to difcqrn fplntual things, 'cai| 
^tcfti/y. And being without caufe dcnie^d the ufe of their brc^ 
threas pulpits, and having obtained help from Gop, they con- 
'tinac to tl^js day, witneffing both to fm'all and gnat the grand 
'flodrlncs of the Reformation, jtjjlificatton by faith alone in thq 
imputed righteoufncfs of Jesus Christ, and the neceffity of 
the indwelling of the Spirit in order to be made meet to be par- 
Jtalcers of the heavenly inheritance, among all them tha^ ar^ 
fanSified. tn doing thus they know of no *^ wholefome rules, 
,wifely and pioufly eftabliflied by the powers fp-ritual and tern- 
'poral," !^fery gth^ page 12. which they have violated ; or 
ftiould'thcy be commanded by the whole bencl-i of Bifliops to 
"^peak no more of this do£lrIne,-^they have an anfwer ready, 
j" We cannot but fpeak the things that we know." We take? 
^tpis to be an ungodly admonition 5 and therefore, whether it 
,,W;?ight in the fight of Cod, to obey man rather' than God, 
JM^g? ye.'* And though for fo doing, they fliould be mobbed, 
as they frequently have been, and though Gop be not the 
. author. of confufion or tumult, as our Author would have it, 
iP?65 12, yet they know of one who was mobbed himfelf upo,(i 
, a. like account, and commanded Timothy to approye himfelf a 
/jpatijifler of God in tumults. Being fenfihle of the indolence 
^and unorthodoxy of the generality of the clergy, they think 
^ they a^e fu^ciently warranted by the example of the Prophets 
of. the Old, and of Jesus Christ and his Apoftles in the 
.Kew-Teftamerit, (whatfoever our Aut|)or may fay, ^ery S^th. 
pfgt 1!.) to bear a faithful teftimony againft them.^ And 
slicing called by the Providence of God abroad, after their 
unworthy labours had been bleffed at home, they have judged 
it meet, right, and their boMnden duty, f^opi time to time, to 
publilh accounts of what Grop had done fpr their own and 
other people's fouls : which, though defpifed by fome, and 
. efteemed enthufiaftical by pther$, have been owned to the inf- 
ftru£lion and edification of thoufands. But whether this may 
. be properly called *' open and public boafting, unbecoming 
the modefty and felf-denial of a minifter of the gofpel, cf^- 
cially one who would be thought to carry on his miniftry un- 
der the immediate guidance of the bleflcd Spirit,** (as our Au- 
thor intimates in his laft ^ery of this zd Part) ; or whether 
they were written with a fingle eye to the Redeemer's glory, 

' * they 


[ 169 ,] • 

(hey :|rc willing to leave to the determination of that God, to 
whom all hearts are open, all defires are known, and from 
i^hom no fecrers arc hid. 1 could here enlarge ; but having 
^etaijied your Lordfbips too long already, I am. 

Your Lprdfhips moft obedient fon anfl fervant, 



S O M E 


so M E 


ypon a latp 

Charge againft Entuusiasm, 

Pelivered by i 

The Right Reverend Father in Gop, Richard, Lord 
Bilhop of Litchfield and Coventry^ to the Reverend 
the Clergy in the feyeral parts of the Diocefs of 
Litchfield and Coventry^ in a triennial Vijitation of 
the fame in 1741 ; and publiftied at their requeft \t\ 
the prefent Year 1744. 

|n a LETTER to the Rev. the Clergv 
of that Diocefs, 

Matth. xi. 25, 26. Jt that time Jefiis anjwered and faid^ I thank 
thee^ O Fathtr^ Lord of Heaven and Earthy becaufe that thou 
haji hid thefe things from the wife and prudent^ and hafi revealed 
them unto babes. Evenfo^ Father ^ for fo it feemed good in thy 

r 173^ if 



The Reverend the Clergy 

Of the Dioeefs of^ 

Litchfield and Coventry. 

Oa Board the Wtbningtdf^ Captiun Darlings 
Sipt. 20, 1744. 

Tijverend Brethren^ 

AS you profefs to know the fcriptures, I need not inform 
you, that the charadcr of young EBbu {hines in the 3ad 
chapter of the book of Job with a fuperior luftre, above that 
•f his other three friends who came to converfc with him* 
The humility and modefty wherewith he firft addrefles him* 
felf to them is peculiarly amiable. *' I am young, fays be, 
an4 ye are very old, wherefore I was afraid, and durft not 
ihew you my opinion. I faid, Days (hould fpeak, and muU 
titude of years fhould teach wifdom." But knowing by ex« 
perience, that *' great men are not always wife, neither do 
the aged underftand judgment, be faid. Hearken onto me, 
and I alfo will (hew my opinion/* And that they might 
not cenfure him for rafhnefs in fpeaking, he afltires them, 
verfes 11, and 12. that he had well weighed the matter be- 
fore he broke filence. *' Behold, I waited for your words ; 
I gave ear to your reafons, whilft you fearched out what to 
4ay. Yea, I attended unto you ; and behold there was none 
of you that convinced Job^ or that anfwered his words/' And 
that they might not be offended at his plain fpeaking, or ex« 
pe£b that he would be over-awed from delivering his foul, 
by their fuperiority in age, learning, or circumftances of life, 


in the two laft^ierfcs of the chapter, he boldly, tut honcfij^ 
tells them what they were to expedt from him. " Let me 
not, I pray you, accept any man's perfon, neither let mc 
give flattering titles unto m^P^ l^r I know not to give flat- 
tering titles: In fo doing my Maker would foon take mc 
away." And it is very remarkable, that though v^e are told 
thif yOpng^nianV wrath was*^ kindled againft Job and jiis^ three 
friends, verfes 2 and 3. and though (as it appears from'^thc 
enfuing chapters) he fpoke very clofe and cutting things, 
yet at the end of the_book,:.we fjinjljio blame laid on him 
by the great heart-fearching God ; whereas the other three 
are feverely reproved, and^ commanded to apply to Jcb^ for 
the benefit bfhii pfrayert . . . . " . : . ■ ^ 

Animated by, and willing to copy after fo bright an ex- 
ample, I now |it down to write you this letter; in which I 
would beg leave' to make fome remarks on your Right Reve- 
rend Diocefan*s^ J^te. r^^sir^^ againji enthujiafm. Had I conti- 
nued in my native country, I fhould have taken the freedom 
to have written to his Lordfliip himfelff but as I heard that 
lie was. very aged» and probably before this could rea9h 
M^gl^ndj might he called to give up his account to tbejgreat 
;Shepherd and Bifl^op of fouls, I thought it moil advifahle tp 
jdirefl; this letter to you, at whofe requefl, as appears by the 
jtitle-page, this charge was printed. 

, It is not my deflgn to enter upon a critical examination of 
jrvfry paragraph. I would obferve in* general, that his Lord- 
4hip^s maip, defign, from the beginning to th^ end of it, i's^ 
4§ JK^ve ^^that the indwelling and inward witnefling of the 
,<6pvi%i/Q beU^v^rs hearts (if there were ever any fuch things 
■kMi^^) ^^ ^VfP: P^'^yj^g ^^^ preaching by the Spirit, are all the 
xidxtrfifr^mry gifts mi. operations pf the Holy Gboft, bclong- 
4ng pjvly to. the apoftolical and primitive times, and confe- 
.quendiy all pret^nflbns to fuch favpurs in thefe laft days are 
vvain and enthufii^dical." In order to evince this, his Lord- 
.ihip feleds feveral paflages of holy writ, which, in his opi- 
nion, are i:pif;^ppiied by thofe whom his Lordfbip is pleafed 
to &\lc. modern, enthufi(i/is^ and undertakes to fhew, page nth, 
.*Vthat they art to be interpreted chiefly^ if not only, of the 
ftate of the. apoftplical ar^d , primitive church, and that they 
^vcry little , if at all, rejate to the prefent ftate of cbriftians." 
2 . . Whether 

t »7^ 1 

"Whether or not his Lordlhtp hath fucceeddi iii fits uhdti^'^ 
taWing, will bed appear by a candid and impartial review 

' The firft attempt of this nature which we meet with in his 
Lordihip's charge, is page the J2th. His words are thefe: 
** That I may proceed in a regular manner, with regard t6 
thoTe paflages of fcripture that I ihall felefl on this occafion^ 
Ichufe to begin with the original promife of the Spirit, as 
made by our Lord, a little before he left the world. It occurs 
in the 14th and 1 6th chapters of St. y(;i&?iV gofpel ; in which 
he lifes thefe words : " When the Spirit of truth is come^ 
(whom Christ had juft before promifed to fend from the 
Father, chapter 14th, verfe i6th) he will guide you into all 
truth, and he will (hew you things to come/' And again^ 
'' the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghoft, whom the Father 
will fend in my name, he' (hall teach you all things, aad 
bring all things to your remembrance whatfoever I have faid 
unto you." It is very clear (proceeds his Lordfliip) from the 
bare recital of thefe words, that as they were fpoken to 
the apoftles, fo they peculiarly belong to the apoftles them* 
iclvcs, or to the infpired perfons in the primitive church* 

But granting that thefe word? do htlong peculiarly to the 
apoftles, does it therefore follow, that they do not at all be* 
long to their fucceffors, or in common to all believers upon 
whom the ends of the world are come ? Were not the apoftles 
then reprefcntatives of the whole church ? And may not what 
was fpoken to them, in a proper degree be faid to be fpokea 
to, us and to our children, and to as many as the Loitzi our 
God {hall call ? Does not his Lordfhip confefs, pagef ijjtb^ 
*< that in one of thefe paftages it is* added, that the Fmfitier 
will give you another comforter, that hetnay abide With you 
for ever ?" And does not his Lordfliio allow, page f 4th, 
** that in the largcft fenfe in which thiymay be underftood^ 
it is fynonymous with Christ's promife to his difciples at 
his afcenfion, that he would be with them alwaysy even to 
the end of the world 5" that is, as himTclf explains it, *• by 
the perpetual prefence of the Holy Spirit, iaa-the guardian of 
his church 'till the end of the world V^ But how can Christ 
be with his church by the perpetual prefence of his Spirit, or 
how can the Holy Spirit " be the guardian of his church *till 


C «7$ J 
Iht'emi of tha ^orM**' unjefs it is ^y opening and firtngin^ 
all things to our reuiembrance^ wha^focver Jesu^ bath faid 
to us in bis revealed will, guiding us thereby into all trutb| 
and teaching u$:^ things neceflary to eternal falvation i 

This promifey it U true, as his Lord(hip obfcrves, page tbf 
i5tb» ** was fu^iUcd in a moftiQiepin manner by the defcenc 
of the Holy Spirit on the Apoftles^ and others with them, at 
the feaft of Pentecoft, that is recorded fo particularly in the 
iecond chapter of the J^s of the Apoftles." And it is aii true^ 
(as his Lordfliip intimate^ page i6th) <* that St. PeUr makes 
^n application of the prophecy of Joslf to the miraculous 
ciFufion of the Spirit on that memorable occaflon. 

Bt'.t does not his Lordfbip by intimating, that this promife 
of our LoKD was wholly compleated on the day of Pentecoft, 
prove too much i for does it not then follow, that no onl^ 
after the day of Pcntecoft was to cxpecSl the Holy Ghoft to 
bring all things to their remembrance, to teach them alt 
things, and fhew them things to come i How then could this 
promife be fulfilled in the apoftle P^///, who was converted 
fame time after ? or how could this remain in the primitit^ 
church in the. infpired pcrfons, or abide Vith the church f^ 
ever to theend of the world? And fuppofrng the apoftle Petef 
does make an application of the prophecy of yoel to the mira- 
culous efFuiion of the Spirit on the day of Pentecoft, J^s the 
!zd, verCes i6th, 17th, ^c. does it therefore follow, that this 
promife of our Saviour extends no farther than that day? 
Does he any where intimate any fuch thing through his whole' 
diicourfe? Or. is it any new thing for prophecies to have 
ieveral fulfilments ? Is not that prophecy, " Out of Egypi 
hive I called my fon," which was originally fpoken conceriH 
ing God's Jfrael^ applied by the evahgelift Matthew^ chap, zii 
verfc 15th, to the5on of God himfelf ? And therefore grant- 
ing- that this promile was in an extraordinary degree fulfilled 
in the day of Pentecoft, how docs it follow, that it is not 
now, and will be in an ordinary way, fulfilling to the end of 
the world ? And confequently, may not this promife of our 
Lord be pleaded by all his difciples, for the indwelling of his 
blefled Spirit, and his inward teaching, by the inftrumemality 
of his revealed will, now as well as formerly (efpecially fince 
bis Lordihip, page I5th> clears us from pretending to the 
X operationi 

C *7> 1 

Dperattbti^ of the miraculous kind) without being cenfured foif 
fo^ping as modirn erUhufiafts. 

But this inward teaching and indwelling of the Spirit, his 
Lordlhip will by no means allow even the primitive chriftians 
to 'have had in common, and therefore, page 35th (which I 
come to next, fof method's fake) he comments upon another 
remarkable fcFipture^ that, in his Lordfhip's opinion, < has 
been mifappli^d to later ages, and indeed to the prefcnt times, 
by feveral enthufiafts, but was really peculiar to the times of 
the apoftles.' It occurs, fays his Lordfliip, page ibid, in the 
firft epiftlc of St. ^ohn^ chap- ii. verfe 20th, 27th. " But ytt 
havfe an unftion from the Holy One, and ye know all things. 
But the anointing which ye have received of him, abideth in 
you: but as the.fam? anointing teachcth you all things, and 
is truth, and is no lie ; and even as it hath taught you, ye 
fh^ll abide in hinl.'^ 

This unHton frOrii the Holy One, and this anoiniingy his 
Ldrdfliipfi in five or fix pages, labours to prove was fome ejt- 
traordinary gift refiding in fome particular infpired perfons| 
and;flot in the believers in general to whom the apoflle wrotCi 
' But with what (hadow of argument does his Lordfliip reafoa 
thus? For though it be certain (as his Lordfliip intimates 
pagie 3.7th) " that there were feveral fuch infpired teachers 
aniorigthe firft chriftiatis, who were endowed jvith various 
gifts of the Spiritj and among them with the gift of prayer^ 
and preaching, and revelation of the true fenfe of the pro- 
phetical parts of the Old Teftamentj" yet how does it appear^ 
that tbefc infpired teachers arc the particular pcrfons referred 
to by the Apoftle in this paiBTage ? If that was the cafej woifld 
Hot the epiflile itfelf morfc properly have been diredled to therfi ^ 
as haying the overfight of the flock ? Or is it not probable at 
lescft, that the Apofile would have had fomething to fay to 
them, as well as to the '' little children, young men^ and 
fathers,^' verfes 12th, 13th, to whom he writes fo particu- 
larly ? And it it not evident from the whole cohtext, that this 
un^ion from the Holy One was not an extraordinary gift re- 
fiding in any particular infpired perfon, but the indwelling of 
the Spirit, believers in gehcralj whereby they had aft experi* 
mental proof, that j£s]tjs was indeed the Christ, and there- 
fbfe needed not that any man fliould teach them, that is^ 
YoL/IVi M further 

[178 ] 

tu.iher teach them> for the Apoftle writes unto them as know-* 
ing perfons, verfc i2th, l^c. Is not this interpretation quite - 
confident with the whole fcope of the Apoftle in this epifile, 
which was to comfort himfelf, and believers in general, now 
fo many anticbrifts werfc abroad, that (fincc Jesus Christ 
had declared, Matth, xxiv. 24. that the ele£t could not be 
finally deceived) they having a proof of their ele£lion by re- 
ceiving this un<Slion from above, this indwelling of the Holy 
Ghoft in their hearts, were now enabled, in a way far fuperior 
to, though not entirely exclufive of human teaching, to guard 
againft the feducers of the day ? And confcquently, may not . 
the indwelling of the Spirit be infiiled upon now, as the pri« 
vilege of all real chriftians, without their being juftly filled 
for fo doing, modern enthufiafis. 

Again, is not his Lordfliip greatly miftaken in bU explana- 
tion of the 1 6th verfe of the 8th of Romans^ ** The Spirit itfelf 
beareth witnefs with our fpirit, that wc are the children of 
God." •* This paflage, .fays his Lordfbip, page i8th, as it -. 
*' is connected with the preceding one, relates to the general 
*' adoption of chriftians, or their becoming the fons of God, . 
•' inftead of the Jewsj who were then rejeAed by God, and 
'^ bad loft that title. But what was the ground of this prefe- 
^^ rence that was given to chriftians i It was plainly the gifts 
^' of the Spirit, which they had, and which the Jews had not. 
*< That Spirit then, which by its gifts enabled the Apoftles and 
** other chriftians to work miracles of various kinds, was a 
'^ dempnftration, that God was in them of a truth, and that 
** their religion was owned by him in oppofition to that of the 
*' Jews^ whom he had deferted in a judicial manner." The 
conclufion his Lordfhip draws from thefe premifes, we have 
page the 20th. '^ That the fore- mentioned tejlimony tf the 
*' Spirit^ attended with the teftimony of our own fpirit> 1. #. 
** the confcioufnefs of the fincerity and good lives of private 
*' chriftians, was the public teftimony of the miraculous gifts 
*^ of the Spirit which God had conferred on the Apoftles, and 
'^ many of the firft chriftians j and which fliewed that they 
*' and their brethren were the true church of God, and not 
*^ the Jews. And this was a plain criterion in the firft great 
*' controverfy, namely, to which of thofe two churches men 
♦* were obliged to adhere in communion. And confcqucntly, 


r 17^ ] . 

*^ this witnefs of the Spirit, which {hews that we chriftians 
" aire the fons of Gob, cannot poffibly be applied to the 
•' mere private teftimony of the Spirit given to our own 
" confciences; to prove that we, or jjrivate chriftians, are 
" the fons of God iarid heirs of falvation, as is pretended 
" by modern enthufiafts." 

But does not his Lordfliip Here argde from t miftaken fup- 
pofition, that the Apoftle^ in the 8th of the Romans^ is fpeak- 
ingof the miraculous power our Lord gave to his firft Af>oftles 
to work miracles, in confirmation that their doftrihe was of 
Gob ? Is there any fuch thing fo much zi hinted 2Ct through 
the whole chapter ? Is riot the whole fcope of it to fbew the 
privilegies of thofe, who " being juftified by faith *' alone, 
I thap. 5th, ** have peace with Gob through biif Lokb ^Estrs 
! CftRiSf ?" Docs riot the Apoftle therefore at the firft verfe ' 
fay, «' That there is no condemnation to thehi who are iri 
Christ Jesus ?" Does he hot fay, verfe the gth, that *« thfc 
Sphit of God dwelt in them ?*' Does hot his Lordlhip allow^ 
page '16, ISc. That the Apoftle in this and the preceding 
ircrfcs treats of that ^^ fpiritual principte in chriftians which 
enables them to mortify the deeds of the bddy, and bvekome 
tarnal ihclinatiohs ?*' And what fliadow of li reafoh can be 
jiveh to prove that the hme fpiritual principk is nbt fpokeri of 
in verfe 46thj as bearing witnefs with believer's fpirits that 
they were the childreh of God ? Is it not faid, verfe 15th, to 
Vc fomething that they had received ? " But ye have received 
the fpirit of adoption, whereby ye cfy Abba, Father." And 
is not the obviouS ferife of thefe vcrfes put together plainly thii^ 
** I'Kat true believers, thofe who are chriftians Indeedj have 
*^ the Spirit df GoD dwelling iri them, verfe 9th 5 aire led by 
^4his Spirit^ verfe 14th 5 haVe gotteh an inWard viritziefi from 
** this fame Spirit, that they are God's children, and there- 
*' fore heed not be brought into bondage, and fear, left God 
** Would rejeft them, but miay have free acceft, and with a 
*' ftiU' atflbrance of faith, and a holy child-fike fimplicity, draW 
•*ricar onto him, crying Ab^a, Father V 

His Lordftiip, to prove that this is ^not the ferife of this 
pafegc, but that the teftimony of the Spirit here fpoken of, rs 
ipfciblic gift of working miracles, refers, page 19th, to Ga/a^ 
6ms Hit 2. where the Apoftle puts this queftion to them : 

Ma *' Received 

r i8o ]- 

*« Received ye the Spirit, (i. e. according to his Lordflwp, thftfj 
** power of working miracles) by the works of the law, or by 
«« the hearing of faith ?'* which (fays his Lordfhip) the fame 
Apoftle prefently after explains, when he fays at verfe 5th, 
" He therefore that miniftercth to you the Spirit, and worketh 
** miracles among you, doth he it by the works of the law, 
•' or by the hearing of faith ?" But is not here a plain ami- 
thcfis between adminiftring the Spirit and working miracles ? 
Do they not evidently imply two diftin£l things ? And can it 
be fuppofed, that the Spirit which the Apoftle afks, verfe 2d, 
«' iWhetherthey had received by the works of the law, or th^ 
hearing of faith," was a power to perform fuch miracles, at 
leaft that only ? Would it not then follow, fince hq declares 
in the 8th of the Romans^ '* that if any man have not the 
Spirit oif Christ he is none of his," that either all heliey^-^ 
did receive his Spirit in his miraculous gifts, or that ocoiie 
is ^believer that has them not? And doth not the Appftfc. 
in this very epiftlc make it appear, that the Spirit hereYpokep 
i)F is not this miraculous outward teftimony ? For what /ays 
he, Gal iv, 6. " And becaufe ye are fons, God hath fentj 
forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts (whereby, it is 
plain the Spirit was received into the heart) crying, Abba» 
Father?" Aftd does not this quite clear up that pailag^ of 
Romansy ch. viii. ver. i^, about the witneiEng Spirit ^nd the 
Spirit of adoption, viz. that believers (befides feeing the miracles 
ivhich the Apoftles wrought) had an inward iejiimony of the 
Holy Ghoft, he making an iAward application of the merits 
of Christ to their fouls, and giving them an inward tefti- 
many that they were indeed the adopted fons of God,, and 
therefore in a holy confidence they might cry, Abba, Father? 
Is there any thing forced in this interpretation ? And confe- 
quently (notwithftanding what appears to the contrary from 
his.Lordfhip's explanation) may not perfons afTert, that there 
Is fuch a thing as a witnefs or teftimony of the Spirit given to 
our own confciences, to prove that private chriftians are the 
Sons of God and heirs of falvation, without being ccufuiedl. • 
for So doing as modern enthufiafts ? 

May I not likewife venture to affirm, that bis Lordfhip is 
Equally miftaken in his interpretation of the 26th and 27114 
tre^fe&of the fame chapter^ which runs thu^ : ^^ Likewife. the. 


. ... t i8i 1 . . 

^ Spirit alfoiielpeth our infirmifies : for we know not wh^t 
*' we fliould pray for as we ought, but the Spirit itfelf maketh 
*' intcrcefSon for us with groanings which cannot be uttered; 
*' And he that fearcheth the heart, knoweth what is the mind 
** of the Spirit, becaufe he maketh interceffion for the faints 
** according to the will of God i" 

The Spirit here fpoken of, according to his Lordfliip, was 
"the Spirit afling in the infplred perfon^ who in the apoftolical 
age, fays his Lordfliip, page 24th, '* had the gift of prayer,. 
" and interceded For the whole congregation j fo that wh»t 
" is here faid of the Spirit, is hy an cafy figure transferred to 
" the fpiritual or infpired perfon, who prayed in that capacity, 
" for the whole chriftian afiembly. It is he that maketh in- 
" terceflion with God for private chriftians, with vehement 
and inexprelEble groanings or fighs." But however eafy it 
may be to find out a figure to transfer what is here faid of the 
Spirit, to the fpiritual or infpired perfon, yet ho\y will it lie 
*eify to find a figure to interpret this of the fpiritual or infpired 
'perfon at all ? For has it not already been fhewn, that this 
whole chapter is no where fpeaking of any fuch fpiritual in- 
spired perfon, but of the Spirit of God dwelling in all be- 

His Lordfliip goes on, page ibid, to comment upon the 27th 
Verfe: '* And he that fearcheth the hearts, knoweth what js 
the mind of the fpirit, (i. e. of the fpiritual or infpired perfon) 
jjecaufe he maketh interceffion for the faints according to 
the will of Gop." That is, fays his Lordfliip, " Gop knows 
the intentions of the fpiritual perfon, and judges of the ve- 
hemence of his defires in prayer for the whole affembly, for 
whom he makes interceffion,, with regard to the immediate 
fubje£i: of affliction; literally indeed, according to God {kata 
!rA/^«) -or relatively to him, but by conftruflion, conforma- 
bly to the will of God j namely, that in a mofl: fervent man- 
ner, the perfon that has the infpired gift of prayer, which 
he ufes for the benefit of the whole afiembly, he, I fay, leaves 
it entirely to God, whether it be beft that chriftians fliould 
fuffer afflidlions for the gofpel, or be delivered from them. 
.Ancl fuch an intention of his prayer cannot but be highly ac- 
PjBptable to God, who fearches his heart, and approves of 
.fi|cl| ap fi£^ of pipofound refignation to his will." 

M 3 Thus 


X 1S2 ] 

^? Thus far his Lord(bip. But where is there through d|ff 
IK^hole chapter any mention made of an affimblyj or of zvjf 

jpiritual infptred ferjon praying in its behalf? Docs it not r^- 

'quirc a very profound underftanding to ftarch it out ? Is it 
not more iagreeable to the whole fcope of the apodle in tbuf 
chapter, to believe, that this fpij-it here mentioned as helpi(\j 

rjnfirmities, qr diftrefles, and affifting in prayer, 'is the com- 
inon privilege of all believers ? Is he not faid to make intcr- 
ceffion for the faints in general ? And does not his LordAip, 

^ page 2 2d, in efFeft own this ? For what fays his Lordlhip? 
f ^ Now on this occafion, he, the apoftle, adds another proof 
of the truth of chriftianity, and that chriflians are the adopted 

■ fons of God, and more efpecially with regard to their fuffcf- 
ings at that time, for the fake of their religion, fays he, vcrfc 
a6th. Likewife the Spirit alfo, (or rather even^ kai) helpcth 
but infirmities (or our diftreflefs, for the word JJlheneiah ig- 
nifies both.) And then he mentions in what inftances be 
does fo, viz. in prayers to God about bearing affliSions, 
or being delivered from them ; and which of thefe two is moft 
profitable for us, the Spirit knows better than we oufelve$, 
and therefore inftru£ts chriftians how to pray with regard to 
their fufferings. We know not, fays he, what we fliould 
pray for as we ought ; that is, whether it be heft for us to 
bear affliflions, or to be delivered from them according to 
our natural inclinations." And after writing thus, how in- 
confiftenl is it in his Lordfhip to fay, that this is done by the 
Spirit ailing in the infpired perfon only, who made intercef- 
fion for the whole affembly ? Is not the quite contrary, I 
could almoft fay, fclf-evident ? And how then can thofe who, 
from this pafTage of thS 8th of the Romans^ humbly claim the 
gift and grace of prayer now, as well as formerly, for fo do- 

• ing, be juftly termed modern enthufiafts. 

May we not further enquire, whether his Lordfliip's inter- 
pretation of the 4th and 5th verfes of the ad chapter of the 

• firft epiftlc to the Corinthians be found and confident ? The 
words are thefe, page 27th, '^ And my fpeech and my preach- 
ing were not with the enticing words of man*s wifdom, but 
in dcmonftration of the Spirit and of power, that your faith 
fhould not ftand in the wifdom of men, but in the power of 
God," As to thfc former part of thefe words, ** My fpeech 

I '83 ] . 

and my preaching were not with the enticing words of man's 
wifdom," his Lordfliip feems to agree with the interpretation 
put upon them by thofe whom he is plcafed to term enthufi- 
afts ; but the latter, " The demonftration of the Spirit and 
of power," his Lordfhip, in pages 29th, 30th, 31ft, and 
32d, would fain (hew, means no more, than that the Apoftle 
proved Jesus to be the Mefliah by proofs out of the prophe- 
cies of the Old Teftament, and evinced the truth of chriftia- 
nity by performing miracles." 

And fuppofing this may be one fenfe of the words, yet 
if this be the fole meaning of the Apoftle's exprefEon, would 
it not have better become fuch a fcholar as Paul was, to have 
faid, **He came to them in the demonftration of the fcriptures, 
* rather than of the Spirit ?" Can any parallel paflage be pro- 
duced, where the word Spirit is thus put for the fcriptures ? 
And -therefore, by the demonftration of the Spirit, may we not 
underfiand, that the Spirit of God himfelf, whilft the Apoftle 
was preaching, wrought a demonftrative convi<Stion in the 
fouls of his hearers, not only that what he fpake was of God, 
but alfo that he was affifted in fpeaking by the Spirit of God ? 
Does not this agree with what he fays, 2d epiftle Cor, iii. 2, 
3. *' Ye are our epiftle, written in our hearts, known and 
read of all men : forafmuch as ye are manifcftly declared to be 
the epiftle of Christ miniftered by us, written not with ink, 
but with the Spirit of the living God, hot in tables of ftone, 
but in flelhly tables of the heart." And though it ftiould be 
allowed that the word Dunamis (as his Lordfliip obferves, 
page 30th) " in its ordinary fenfe in the New Teftament, 
muft fignify the power exerted in miraculous operations :" 
yet how is it foreign to the Apoftle's purpofe to interpret it 
alfo of a divine power or energy, which ordinarily attended 
the word preached by him ; I mean fuch a power as accom- 
panied the word when the Lord opened the heart of Lydia^ 
and when fo many were pricked to the heart, and made to cry 
out, >' Men and brethren, what (hall we do to be faved ?" 
Does not the word Dunamis feem to carry this fenfe with it, 
2 Cor. iv. 7. ? " But we have this treafure in earthen vefleb, 
that the excellency of the power {Dunameoi) may be of'GoD., 
and not of men." And is not Apollos faid to be {Dunatos en- 
IfMphais) mighty, or powerful, in the fcriptures, though we 

M 4 d.<% 

^ Jo not hear that he performed any miracles at all ? . And .tbo^kl 
his Lordibip is pleafed to fay, page ibid. ^' For by this poiyer 55 
of God here fpoken of, that it is a ppwer to work miracles 4 
appears exprefly, . from the immediately following yerfe, ja^ 
which is afligned the rcafon for ufing this method of provipgf i 
chriftianity to be true, ^^ that your faith ihould; not .ftand in. 4 
the wifdom of men, but in the power of God;" yet will iC ). 
pot equally hold good, that their C^ith flood not ip the wi^ 

' dom of men, but in the power of God ? If by the power wc 
underftaiid a divine power attending the word preached ir* 
convincing the confcience, and changing, the hearts of men^ 
cxclufive or btHdcs a power of working miracles. 

His Lordfliip in the fame page proceeds thus. ,*?-By.^hc 
^5i«;^r ^ God therefore muft neceflarijy be undejrftood .ll^e 
miraculous operations performed by Jesus Ch|iist and his 
Apofllcs, as a divine teftimony of their authority." He goes 
on in the 7th, loth, and following verfcs, to explain , this 
*^ demonftratipn of the Spirit and of power j'* and te|ls us, 
^^ That this wifdom of Gop is a myftery, or wifdom formerly 
bidden from the world, which was couched in the types and 
prophecies of the Me/Tiah in the Old Teftament, under the 
title of the Law of Mofes^ the Pfalmsy and all the prophets that 
were adually fulfilled in Jesus Christ. For, fays he, * the 
Spirit fearchcth all things, even the deep things of.,Gop. Now 
we have not received the fpirit of the wcvrld, (viz. of oratory 
?ind philofophy) but the fpirit which is of God, that we might 

"know the things that are freely given to us of Gopi' That 
is, that we might learn of the Spirit the true meaning of thpfe 
.writings which he didatcd himfelf, and which none but the 
Spirit of God could know, fince the gofpel is the contrivance - 
of Gop alone for man's falvation ; and the benefits of it are 
freely and of his mere grace conferred upon us." 

But in all thefe paflages, where is there a ihadow of a 
proof, that by the word power, the Apoftle meant only that 
^he worked miracles among them ? Is there any fuch thing fo 
much as hinted at in thofe verfcs ? Or what greater reafon is 
there to infer from hence, that the demonftration of the Spi- 
rit me^ns no mor^ than -proving Christ to be the Meffiah, 
■from the books of the Old Teftaaicnt i 

7 His 

I ^S5 1 

v: Jf|i«lli0rifliipto«8 pn, page 31ft, to cortiment upon the 
' i-JlSthjy^fe of the ift Cor. 2d., thus : ^« The- apoftle adds, 

, •y Which things sJfo.we fpeak not in the words which man's 

.,wircloxn.tejK;beth, (viz. as before by oratory and philofophy) 

^bttt,,wl)ich the, Holy Ghoft teacheth ; comparing fpiritiral 

.^hing^ with Spiritual.' From wjjich laft'paflage it appears that 
the words which the Holy Ghoft is faid to teach, tiiuft Se 
prsphetiaU revelations iTiTAz of Jesus Christ in the Old Te- 

. fiament, which were clearly difcovered to the Apaftles, and 
explained by them to the world by the fame Holy Spirit, that 
perfe^y knew thofe deep or myfterious things of Gob in the 
holy fcriptures, which related to and were fulfilled in Jesus 

'Christ; and whbfc expofitions 6f his do6lrine were au- 
thorized by the miracles they wrought in confirmation 
©f it/' 

' But fuppofing this be in part true, have not the words a 
further meaning ? And by ** 'Words which the Holy Ghoft 

tteacheth," may we not underftand, words which the Holy 
Ghoft did immediately put into this and other Apoftles 

• minds whilft they were preaching, fpeaking, or writing ? 
Was there not fuch afliftance promifed to the Apoftles? Did 
they not fpeak as the Sp'vrit gave them utterance ? Aiid fince 
Jesus Christ has promifed in an efpecial manner to be with 
bis mini/lers, even to the end of the world, may they not 
httittbly claim the divine influence to affift them in a degree 

•in preaching now, as well as formerly,by bringing to their re- 
membrance the words and things he had taught them in the 
holy fcriptures before, and fo opening a door of utterance to 
.them, without being, for fo doing, juftly ftiled modern enthu- 


His Lord(h!p, in order to give a fa'nftion to thefe his feve- 

■ral interpretations, quotes Chryfojioniy Origen^ and Athanajius : 
but does his Lordibip deal candidly or fimply in this matter I 

.For though they may in fome refpefts agree with his Lord- 
iMJl^s literal interpretation, do they not give a fpiritual one 
alfo ? Does not his Lordfhip himfelf, page 42d, citing the- 
authority of Athanajius y that great light of the chriftian church, 

.Jn efSedt confefs this ? Does he not fay, that he interprets the 
ftn^ion of the Holy Qnt not merely of divine grace ? But does if 


I »86 3 

« tlierefore follow that he did not interpret it sit alt of dtvine 
^ grace? Nay, does it not follow, that he did ^interpret it cf 
the divine grace of the Spirit of God dwelling m all 
believers, as well at leaft as of the miraculous gifts of the Spi- 
rit I Does not Ignatius^ one of the moft early writers, ftile 
himfelf Tbeopboros^ aAd the p^ple to whom he writes Tbeopbo^ 
r$i ? And can it be fuppofed, that Origen in particular, (who 
his Lordibip profeiTes again and again, in his treatifes againft 
Woolfton^ to be fuch a fpiritual interpreter of fcripture,} has 
in thefe pafiages fo tenacioufly cleaved to the literal interpre- 
tation, as utterly to deny the indwelling and inward witnefs 
of the Spirit ? Ls not this entirely oppofite to the whole tenor 
of his writings, as well as the writings of the mod ancient 
fathers \ And has not his Lordfliip, out of his great zeal 
againft enthufiafm, by writing thus, unwarily run into an ex^ 
treme \ And as he jufily charged the infamous H^oolfion with 
flicking too clofe to the fpirit, and not minding the letter, 
has he not in this performance fo clofely adhered to the letter, 
and fo fadly neglected the fpirit, as almoft totally (if his in« 
terpretations be true) to exclude the Holy Ghoft in his ope- 
Tations, fince the primitive times, out of the chriftian 
world ? 

Is not this matter of fa<S ? Are not thefe words of truth and 
fobernefs ? Be not angry therefore, but bear with me a little, 
if like Elihu^ ** I fpeak that I may refrefli myfelf. For be- 
hold my belly is as wine which hath no vent, it is ready to 
faurft like new bottles." Let his Lordfhip write what he pleafes 
to the contrary, '-^ there is a Spirit in man, and a holy Spi- 
rit in believers, and an ordinary infpiration of the Almighty, 
which now, as well as formerly, giveth them fpiritual undec- 
ftanding." But fuppofmg it was not fo, and all hj$ Lord- 
iliip's glofles upon the forementioned paflages, were as right as 
in my opinion they are wrong, could you. Reverend Brethren, 
(I appeal to your confciences) in your own hearts even wifli that 
they were fo? If you (hould anfwer. Yes, (as your requefting 
his Lord(hip to print this charge, gives me too grea.t reafoa 
to think you would,) *' Tell in it not Gath^ publifh it 
not in the ftreets of AJcalon^ left the daughters of the Philif^ 
//wj rejoice^ Jeft the daughters of the uncircumcifed triumph,'* 


C 187 3 

Irorifthisbe the caff, in what a poor benighted condkiiMi 
h^s, the .Lord Jesu^ left his church in thefe laft days ? And 
^hat avails it to have his do£trines and divine miiSon evinced 
formerly by gifts and miracles, if we are deprived of the in- 
jfard teachings and indwelling of the Holy Spirit ? It is true, 
hiq Lqrdihip does talk here and there of the Blefled Spirit, and 
of his ordinary influences : but what are his ordinary opera- 
tions, if he is neither to dwell in us, nor to give us an inward 
teftiqiony in our, hearts, that we are born of GoiJ ? Wh^t 
(ignites talking of his afliftances, and at the fame time declare, 
that they can neither be inwardly felt, or perceived, nor be- 
lievers hcfupernaturally afTured thereby of their falvation ? Or 
jf we are to expeft no operations of the Spirit that are fuper- 
natural, as his Lordfhip again and again intimates, what are ' 
the natural operations that we are to look for ? Or can there 
poffibly be any operation of the Holy Spirit which is not fu- 
pernatural ? What can deifts and the whole tribe of unbe- 
lievers wifli for more than fuch doftrine ? Does not his Lord- 
ihip, by writing thus, greatly hurt the caufe he would defend ; 
and out of a zeal to prove chriftianity no enthufiafm, unwit- 
tingly run into that fault which he would throw upon thefe 
againft whom his charge is levelled, page 2d ; I mean, *' does 
*' he not aft in concert with infidelity againft our eftablifhed 
" religion, our great common falvation i" How muft the 
church o( Rome alfo glory in fuch a charge ? Is it not after 
their ovvn heart ? Is not the denying the witnefs of the Spi- 
rit in believers hearts, one of the main pillars of Popery ? Are 
not papifts kept in flavery, and taught to truft to the abfolu*. 
tion of their prieft ; becaufe it was one of the determinations 
of the council of Trent^ that none can here below attain from 
the 5pirit a certainty of their being finally faved ? His Lord- 
|hip has done well in fignalizing himfelf by writing againft 
the papifts and infidels. But what will it avail, or how can 
his Lordftiip flatter himfdif that the efforts of the latter, page 
^d, *''- have been fuffjclcntly oppofed :*^ fince by writing againft 
the witnefs of the Spirit^ he fo nearly fymbolizes with the one, 
and by crying down all fupernatural operations of the Holy 
tjhoft, joins hands with the other? Bcfidcs, ** If there arc 
** no proofs of the truth of,our religion by the inward tefti- 
♦/ monj of the Spirit, as his Lordfhip affirms, page 52d, or 

. f »^» ) : . .. . ^- 

'«^eveh by the InfallfMc application 6f the fcvcral maVW 4^^ 
^ truth in it by the Holy Spirit, to the minds of 'ni%h, iXA 
'* bis- making (o flrong and violent an impreilion on them, Kf 
^••toform {horrefco referens) z new unintelligible fort ef divine 
••* faith, page 53." how Ihall wc JiftinguiQi true and divine 
faith, from that which is falfe and barely hiftorical I Are hit 
the devils capable of fuch a fiith ? Nay, have thpy not is 
real faith as chriftians themfelves, if there be no other faidi 
bur what is wrought by external revelation and oiitward mi- 
oracles ? Do they not thus believe and tremble ? And can it 
be foppofed, that all the miracles that the Apoftles wrought, 
•and the glorious fermons that they jwete enabled to preach, 
were only toftew people what communion they were to be 
•of ? Is not this bringing the gofpel down to a mere hiftory. 
which one may read of the exploits of an AUxandir % and 
making faith tp be a bare aflent of the underftanding, which 
a perfon may have, and yet be no more benefited by the death 
of Christ, than Simon Magus was in believing that he wai^ 
crucified ? 

But further; fuppofmg his Lordfhip had (hewn, that every 
one of thbfe paflages he has commented upon, had been mif- 
•applied by modern enthufiafts ; ^et are there not beiddes a 
great cloud of witneffes to be fetched from the lively oracles, 
to prove that the indwelling j and inward witnefs of the Spirit, 
are the privileges of all believers ? Will you permit me to in- 
ftance only in a few ? What think you of that paffagc in 5^ 
Johns gofpel, chap. vii. 37, 38, 39. " In the laft day, that 
great day of the feaft, Jesus ftood up and cried, faying, Tf 
any man thirft, let him come unto me and drinlj:. He that 
believeth on me, as the fcripture hath fpoken, out of his 
belly fhall flow rivers of living waters. But this fpake he of 
the Spirit, which they that believe on him fhould receive f" 
How, I pray you, are we to underftand that petition of our 
Lord for his difciples, juft before his paflion, in the fame 
^vangelift, chap. xvii. 20, 21. *^ Neither pray I. for thefe 
^lone, but for them alfo which (hall believe on me through 
their word : that they all may be one, as thou. Father, art iq 
me, and I in thee; that ihey alfo may be one:** And again^ 
verfes 22, 23. ** That they all m^y be one, even as we are 
^nc, I in them, and thou in me, that they may be made pcr- 


f^in.on<?r'' How- would you explain that qufiftionofthf i 
Apoftle's to xht Corinthians^ (a church : famous for its gift! ? 
above any church under heaven) '* Know ye not^that Christ : 
iftin you, unlefs you be reprobates ?" Haw do you explain ■ 
that.aflertion of the evan,gelift John^ in his id epift. v, lOi 
" He th^t believeth hath the, witnefs in hinafelf f" Oi: thai 
af,the..ApoftlePW to the Epbefian^y chap. i. 13, lij^.Ahd- 
again, chap, iv, 30 i How do you interpret that paf&ge, i * 
Qr. xvi.i6? Or what fay you to that exhortation of Sti 
Judfy verfe 20. " But ye, beloved, building jup yourfelves in . 
you^C.fnpft holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghoft, keep your**:, 
feive^ in the Jove of God ?" Can any of thefe paffages, with 
floy manner of confiQency, be interpr^et^d. of the miraculbuf i 
gift§;.of the. Holy .Ghpft, or be confined ;to the primitive j 
church f Do thcy^ not fp^ak of an indv^eUing witneffing fpi- . 
rit,(, which all believers in ^l^jigcs have a right- to exped, till * 
tine ihall be no more ? 

Ai^d now, myR$verendBr£th^t^y\\f thcfe things, be./o^ . 
may no^ that queftipn ^be very juftly put to you,, .which our 
Lord on a like occ^ifion ViHatA Nicode/(im^ a ruler of the Jiws : 
"jAre ye maflers oi Jfrad?, Are yc minift^rs pf the Church • 
^^ _of England^, and know nqt; thefe. things ?" What has. his ^ 
Lordfliip- been doing fo many ^ years, in.. profeiGng to confer - 
the^Hply Ghoft by impofitipn of bands on fa many .mini- - 
ft^f, faying unto them, " Receive the Holy, Ghoft by. impob*- 
fitioa 9f.our. hands," if there are none of.thofe aifift^nees:. 
from theBlefied Spirit to be^expeded now., whichrwere coiv- ' 
ferred when our Saviour:firil ipoke jthefei words to bis difciples i : 
Hpw can his Lordfhip in conscience make jufe of the ordina- > 
tion offic^ ? Or how could you, before many witnefles, pub* - 
licjy confefs that you were inwardly moved, by the Holy 
GhoQ: to take upon you the ^dminiftration iof the church? - 
when you openly deny him in his mpft powerful^ and aa te ' 
believers, in his common operations* Should you not trem^ 
ble to think, how.. much this, looks like; belying {he Holy 
Gboft, and. a£ling,the dreadful crime of Ananias and Sappbira . 
over again, or lying not only unta map^ but untO:GojD? 
And w%.are you fo zealous. for the church, and continually, t 
Cfjin^ outy «* The templeof the Lord^ the temple of the - 

* .) Lord," 

Load,'*' and yti trample her offices, colIe£ls and articles lA 
eflfeft under your feet ? With what confiftency can you ufi 
the baptifmal office, and folemny fay unto God, ** We yield 
thee hearty thahks, moft merciful Father, that it hath pleafed 
*' thee to regenerate this infant with thy Holy Spirit ;'* and 
yet agree with his Lordfhip, page 6i, in aflerting, *^ to that. 
^* fedral rite of baptifm is annexed the ()reventirig of pirepa- 
** ratory grace of Goi>, as is likewife (on a due improvement} 
that of the affifting kind ?" Is this all that i3 implied in the 
baptifmal office f And is regeneration no more than thi^? Wh^ 
a miferable condition then are thofe in, who have only th'eit. 
baptifmal regeneration to depend on ? For who is the^ that 
has improved, nay who is there that has not finned away this 
preparatory grace ? Is not this dire6Hy contrary to the whole 
baptifmal office ? And are not thofe to be reckoned friendl 
to mankind, who bid them look for a better regeneration 
than this amounts to ? Again, with what propriety can his 
Lordfhip, in the office of confirmation^ pray unto God to 
give the perfons to be confirmed ** the Spirit of wifdom and 
*' undeftanding, the Spirit of counfel and ghoftly ftrength i^ 
Or how can minifiers in general, in the coUeft for Whit-fun*^ 
day^ fay, ** Grant us by the famC^irit to have a right judg-k 
*' ment in all things, and evermore to rejoice in his holy com-* 
*^ forts ?*' Why are the paflages, wherein thefe bleffings are 
promifed to the firft Apoftles, appointed to be read at this 
feftival, if we are not in our degree to expedl the fame mer- 
cies ? And if thefe things are not to be inwardly felt y and wef 
are not to be fupernatufally aflured of our falvation, wherefore 
do you make ufe of thofe words in the vifitation of the fick ? 
** The Almighty Lord, who is a moft ftrong tower to all 
** them that put their truft in him, to whom all things 
*^ in heaven, in earth, and under the earth, do bow and obey^ 
*' be now and evermore thy defence, and make thee know 
*' And fiely that there is none other name under heaven given 
" to man, in whom and through whom thou mayeft receive 
^' health and falvation, but only the name of our Lord Jesust 
Christ :" Or with what propriety can you fubfcribt to th« 
17th article, wherein we are told, ** That the godly confi-» 
^* deration of predeftination, and our clcdion in Christ, isr. 
3 5«full 

t J9I ] 

*^ folLof fvreet, pleaTant, and unfpeakable comfort to godlf 
^^perfons, andfuch zs feel in themfehes the working of tht 
••Spirit of Christ i" And if there be no fuch thing at in- 
fpiration at all, how ^an you, confiftent with your princi- ' 
pies, ufe the church collect before the communion oiEce, and 
pray *^ Almighty God to cleanfe the thoughts of our hearts 
^ by the infpiration of his Holy Spirit ?" Or bow can yon 
agree with the 13th article, which affirms^ ** That works 
" done before the grace of Christ, and the infpiration of tbg 
*< Spirit^ are not pleafant to God ?" Are not all thefe things 
againft you ? Do they not all concur to prove, that you arc 
I the betrayers of that church which you would pretend to de- 
fend ? Alas, what ftrangers muft you be to a life hid with 
Christ in God, and the blefled fruits of the Spirit, fuch as 
love, joy, peace, long-fuffering, gentlenefs, goodnefs, faith, 
mceknefs, temperance ; when you know of no other firft-fruits 
of the Spirit, than the miraculous gifts of the Holy Ghoft con* 
ferred on /ome particular perfons in the primitive church, 
which a man might have, fo as to prophefy and caft out devils 
in the name of Christ, and yet be commanded to depart 
from him in the laft day ? How miferable muft the congre- 
gations be, of which you are made overfeers ? And how little 
of the divine prefence muft you have felt in your adminiftra- 
tions, that utterly deny the fpirit of prayer, and the Spirit's 
helping you to preach with power, and confider them as things 
that have long fince ceafed ? Is not this the reafon why 
you preach as did the fcribes, and not with any divine pathos 
and authority, and fee fo little good efFeft of your fcrmons i 
Have not your principles a dire£l tendency to lull poor fouls 
afleep ? For if they are not to look for the fupernatural ope- 
rations of the Spirit of God, or any inward feeling, or per- 
ceptions of this Spirit, may not all that are baptized, and not 
notorioufly wicked, flatter themfelves that they are chriftians 
indeed ? But is not this the very quintefl*ence of Pharifaifm ? 
Is jiot this the dark, benighted ftate the great .Apoftle 
of the Gentiles confeffes he vms in, before he was .expe- 
rimentally acquain^d with Christ, or knew or felt the 
power of his refurre(Slion ? Is not this a prophefying falfely, 
to fey unto people, " Peace, peace," when there is no true 


[ 192 ] 
folid fcnptnrtl ground for peace f And arc hot you tWnf'Jift)*^' 
pcrly the pcrfons his Lordfiiip fpeaks of, pag<i ift^ as ** be* 
•* trayiig whole multitudes into an uHrbafonafble' prdTurhfttbtf 
*« of their falvation ?" For is it 'not the' highcft- prcfum^'ran, ' 
for any to hope to be faved without the indwdling of "the 
Spirit, fince th« Apoftlc declares, in the hioft awful manner^, 
«« If any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he^is ndrii of 
his-.?" Is it not -high time for fomcbody to rouz'e' thfe fleepy 
world out of this ttate, though it fhbuld coft them forhc me- 
lancholy thoughts ? May they not juftly defpond and dejpaif 
too of being faved in fuch -a condition ? For how tah they '^ 
poffibly be good chrifiians, or indeed'chriflians at all, unlefs 
they fome time or other feel theSpirit of Got> in thek hearts ? 
Or- how can any juftly be filled cnthtifiafticalpretfeflders' to 
immediate infpiration and new revelation, page«3d^) whd only ' 
claim what is promifed in the will of "God alrtady reV^Htdf ' 
and exhort all to add diligence to make their Calling and.'decf* 
tion fure?- And why (hould that great manT of God', Dr; 
Oxju^ttf be fo particularly mention^ by his Lordfliit>, 'page- 
i5th ? Has there a more folid critical kdrned'diVifte ^pp€iaf'ed " 
for.many ages in the chriftian: wofld ? Being lieaS, doth' he 
no^yet fpeak i Do not his woTk8T)raife him'f Or fuppofing^ 
he was an enthuiiafi, :as his Lordihip calls him, how cart h^ " 
be SL modern one? Has he not been dead now aboi^e' fifty 
years ? And why is he menfiioned with an (^c* ? Would 
his'Lordfiiip have us underftand Dr. Goodwin^' Mr, B^jAer^ 
and writers of the Puritan ftampf But in reproaching thetti^ 
does not his Lordfhip equally brand Archbifliop UJh&i Bifliop 
JHally Bifliop Davenant^ Bifhop Hopkins, and others, nay all 
the godly reformers and martyrs, and the compilers of ouf 
articles, homilies, and liturgy alfo f Were they not equally 
enthufiaftical with thofe, which his Lordfhip in this t:harg€$ 
would condemn ; and may I nok therefore fay, if they werd 
enthufiafts, would to GoD you 'were not only almoR,* but 
altogether fuch as they were ? Has fiot his Lord£hip unde- 
fignedly put an honour upon the MethodiJIs^ by joining them 
in fuch company ? Might not his Lordfhip eafily forefec^ 
that fuch a procedure as this, would rather increafe than di- 
minUh the progrefs of Methodiftny wbivh his Lordihip feems 


to have unwittingly prophefied of three years ago^ When this 
cbsifge wai firft delivered ? See margin of p. 60. For what 
in sin human way can have a more natural tendency to 
ftrengthen the Mcthodifts hands^ than their having a publia 
occaiion to (hew, that they preach up the great do£trjhes of 
the reformation, and are thraft out of the fynagogues for no 
other reafon, than becaufe they preach articles of faith, to 
which they have fubfcribed, as the eXpreiTion is in the literal 
and 'grammatical fenfe ? 

O my reverend brethren, my heart is in pain for you : in^ 
deed I could weep over you. Surely you dre not all of his 
Lordfliip's mind. And yet the liile-page of this Charge fcemsi 
at leaft to imply, that it was printed at the requeft of the ge- 
nerality of you. O be not angry if I entreat^you, if there be 
iny cohfolation in Christ, or fellowfliip of the Spirit, to 
think of thefc things^ and lay them to heart. TLemember, 1 
befeech yoil, remember the good confeflion you made before 
many withefles, when you profcflecl that you vvere inwardly 
inoved by the Holy Ghoft to take upon you the adrhiniftration 
of the church. And cohfider with yourfelves, what a horrid 
prevarication it muft be in the iight of GoD and man, to fub- 
fcribe to articles in the literal and grammatical fenfe, which 
5^ou do 'not believe? Refleft on what is fpoken by the Pro- 
phet, ** They have run, and I have not fent them, therefore 
Ihall they not profit this people at all." Think what a dread- 
ful thing it is to preach an unknown, an unfelt Christ ; and 
how awful it will be to have the blood of thoufands required 
at youF hands at the great day ? As you have received an 
apoftolical commiffion, labour after an apodolical fpirit^ And 
do not fet yourfelves to oppofe or run idown his blclTed opera- 
tions ih others^ becaufe you do not feel then! in yourfelves^ 
pewarc of thus doing defpite to the Spirit of grace : and b^ 
not like the Pharifees, who '^ neither entered into the king- 
dom of GoDi themfelves, and thofe that were entering in they 
hindered." Seek you after a rightfeoufnefs which exceeds 
theirs. Call to mind, I befeech you, that ye are the lights of 
the world. If therefore that light which is in you be darknefs^ 
how great muflt that darknefs be ? ** Ye are the fait of the 
earth ; but if the fait hath loft its favour, wherewith (hall it 
be faked ? It is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be ca(i 
/ Vol. IV. N * out 


C 194 1 

out and to be trodden under foot of men. . God feems now 
about to rife to fliakc terribly the earth. We hear of wars 
and rumours of wars. O let your loins be girt, your lamp* 
trimmed, and be ye like unto fervants that are waiting for the 
bridegroom : that if he (hould come at the fecond or third 
watch, he may find you fo doing. Smite not your fellow-fer- 
vants ; but rather take ye Gamaliels advice : '^ Refrain from 
thefe men, and let them alone. For if this counfel or work 
be of men, it will come to nought ; but if it be of God, ye 
cannot overthrow it, left haply ye be found to fight againftGoD.** 
The harveft is great, very great, and fouls are every where 
perifbing for lack of knowledge. Why (hould the labourers 
be fo few ? Think of that awful faying of the angel of the 
Lord, *' Curfe ye Meroz, curfe ye bitterly the inhabitants 
thereof, becaufe they came not to the help of the Lord^ to 
the help of the Lord againft the mighty." Shew that you 
love Christ above all things, by feeding his lambs and his 
Iheep ; by being infiant in feafon and out of feafon* That fa 
when the great Shepherd and Bifliop of fouls fhall appear, you 
may give up y.our accounts with joy, and not with grief. 

SuflTer me alfo (as undoubtedly you requefted his Lordlhip 
to publifli this charge for their inftrudion) to give a word of 
exhortation to your Parljhioners. You fee. Sirs, that I have, 
ufed great plainnefs of fpeech in my remarks upon this charge 
pf your Right Reverend Diocefan. Do not without examina- 
tion contradift and blafpheme, but be noble, as the Beream 
were, and *' fearch the fcriptures whether thefe things be fo 
or not : to the law, and to the teftimony." Let that deter- 
mine who are the feducers, who are the enthufiafts, and the 
enemies to the Church j thofe who preach up the dodlrine of 
juftification by faith alone in the imputed righteoufnefs of 
Jesus Christ, and the indwelling and witneffing of the 
Spirit ; or thofe who tell you, that they were the miraculous 
gifts of the Holy Ghoft, and not to be expe£ted in thefe laft 
days. Say not within yourfelves, *' We have Jesus for our 
faviour, we have been born again in baptifm, we are mem- 
bers of the Church of England^ we do nobody any harm, we 
will do what we can, and Jesus Christ will do the reft ;'^ 
but feek ye after a better righteoufnefs than your own, even 
that " righteoufnefs which is by faith j" and earneftly prefs 
X after 

C 195 ] 

iRer that indwelling of the Spirit, and that true inward hoti- 
,iief8 and purity of licart, without which no man living (hall fee 
the Lord. Get acquainted with the colleds, homilies^ articles 
and old writers of that Church whereof you profefs yourfelves 
wcmbert, and let not ignorance be the mother of your devo- 
tion. Remember that " God is a fpirit, and they that wor- 
Ihip him muft worfliip him in fpirit and in truth." See that 
your zeal be according to knowledge : and count not thofe to 
bctroublers of Ifraely nor like the mifguided Jeiusy irritated 
thereto by the high priefts, raife mobs againft them, as turners 
of the world upfide down, who out of love to your fouls, have 
put their lives in God's hands, and. (hew unto you the true 
Way of eternal falvation. Place not holinefs in outward bu)ld-> 
ings, nor rejefl: the gofpel becaufe preached to you in the 
fields, in the fireets and lanes of the city. See, hear, and 
judge for yourfelves, and beware left that come upon yoa 
which is fpoken by a Prophet : ^* Behold, ye defpifers, and 
wondier and perifh : for I work a work in your days, which a 
nan (ball not believe, though one d^-clare it unto him/' 

'As for thofe among you, who in derifion are termed Metho-^ 
£fi$^ be you thankful to that God, who I truft has made you 
wife unto everlafting falvation, and given you not only to be- 
Ifeve on the Lord Jesus, but alfo to fufFer for his name* You 
Bave lately been enabled joyfully to bear the fpoiling of your 
goods •. Think it not ftrange, if you (hould hereafter be 
called to refift unto blood. Fear not the faces of men» 
neither be afraid of their revilings. Having believed on the 
Lord Jesus, with your hearts, in fpite of all oppofition from 
men and devils, make confeflion of him with your mouths 
unto eternal falvation. Contend earneftly for the faith once 
delivered to the faints, and fealed by the blood of your mar- 
tyrs: at the fame time, ** be ready to give a reafon of the 
hope that is in you with nieeknefs and fear/' If you were of 
the world, the world would love its own ; but becaufe you 
are not of the world, but the Lord Jesus hath chofen and 
ledeemed you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you. 
Follow him therefore chearfully without the camp, bearing 

• V. B. The Mcthodifts in Stafford/hire wert mobbed the Shrow» 
fuifJay before, apd plundered of their fubftance to the amount of feven 
kiuidred pounds fterUng* 

N 2 hk 

C 196 1 

hb reproach. The more you are affliaed, the more yon {hall 
muhiply and grow. For verily no man bath loft houfes oi 
lands for Christ's fake, and the gofpcl, who fhall not receive 
a hundred-fold in this life with perfecution, and in the world 
to come life everlafting. Perfecution is your privilege : it is a 
badge of your difciplelhip : it is every chriftians lot in fome 
degree or other. Only be ye careful to give no juft ofFence^ 
either to "Jew or Gentile^ or the church of Gop. And as you 
profefs to have received the Holy Ghoft in his fandifying 
gifts and graces, and to have the Spirit of God dwelling in 
you, be ye ftudious to bring forth the fruits of , the Spirit in 
your lives; that all who are acquainted with you may take 
knowledge that you have been with Jesus. Call no man 
. xnafter but Christ. Follow others only as they are /oJlowers 
of him. Be fond of no name but that of Christian. Be- 
ware of making parties, or calling down fire from heaven to 
confume your adverfaries. " Blefs them that cur/'e you, and 
pray for them that defpitefully ufe you." Labour to fliine in 
common life, by a due confcientious difcharge of all relative 
dutiesj and ftudy to adorn the gofpel of our Lord in .all 
things. If you are good chriftians, you will fear God, and 
for his fake ^honour the Kipg. Be thankful for the many 
bleflings you enjoy under the government of his prefent Ma- 
^fty King George^ and continue to pray to Him, by whoiri 
kings reign, and princes decree jufticc, to keep a poptjh Pre- 
tender from ever fitting on the Englijh throne. Be cloathcd 
with humility : and always count yourfelves beginners it^ re- 
ligion. Let it be your meat and drink to do and fuft'er the 
will of your Mafter, and forgetting the things which are be- 
hind, reach forward to the things which are before, and neveir 
ceafe ftriving, till you are filled with all the fulnefs of God. 
Determine to know nothing but Jesus, and him crucified. 
Remember his agony and bfloody fweat, his Ihameful crofs" 
and paflion. Chearfully pledge him in hif bitter cup, and as 
he was, fo be ye in this world. Think of bis laft and new 
commandment, and ^^ love one another with a pure heart 
fervently;" looking and preparing for that blefftd hour, when 
he (hall copie and call you to fit down with him at the mar- 
fiage-feaft in the realms of light and love, where the wicked 






> ' 

, t ^97 ] 
ball ceafe from troubling, and where your weary fouls fliall 
b^ at reft. 

' Finally, I would drop a word to you, who have been lately 
called out into the highways and hedges, ^and have been ho- 
noured as inftrumcnts to compel many poor finners to come 
in. Againft you, my brethren, his Lordfhip's charge feems to- 
be particularly levelled. But I am perfuaded you will be no- 
thing terrified thereby, fmce you know, I believe, by happy 
experience, what it is to have the hidden myfteries of the 
kingdom of God opened to your fouls, and to have the Com- 
forter come and abide with you. You have often felt his 
bleffed influences, whilft you have been praying to that God 
whom yoii ferve, dealing out the bread of life in his name to 
the people. Ye are highly favoured. Having believed, ye 
fpeak, and in your degree can fay with our Saviour, '* We 
fpeak the things that we know." God, who hath commanded 
the light to fhine out of darknefs, hath (hone into your hearts 
with the light of the glorious gofpel. Put not therefore this 
light under a buflicl, but preach the word ; '' Be ye inftant in 
feafon and out of feafon \ rebuke, reprove, exhort with all 
long-fufFering and doftrine. Do the office of evangelifts, and 
make full proof of your miniftry." And whilft others are 
calling for miracles from you, to prove that you are fealed 
and fent by the Spirit, do you labour after the converfion of 
precious fouls as feals of your miffion, who ftiall be your joy 
and crown of rejoicing in the day of the Lord Jesus. 
Whilft others are approving themfelves minifters of Christ, 
by dignities and great preferments^ do you approve yourfelves 
as the minifters of GoD in much patience^ &c. See 2 Cor. vi. 
4 — 8. Set the glorious company of the Apoftles, the goodly 
fcllowfliip of the Prophets, and the noble army of martyrs al- 
ways before you. O think how abundandant they were in 
labours, in ftripes above meafure, in deaths oft, and hovrthey . 
rejoiced when they were counted worthy to fuflFcrAame for 
Jesus Christ's fake. Above all, look ye unto Jesus the 
author and finiftier of your faith ; confider him who endured 
fuch contradiction of finners againft himfelf, left ye be weary 
and faint in your minds. Are you efteemed mad ? So was he. 
Are you termed deceivers of the people ? So was he. Are ye 

N 3 looked 

[ 198 1 
looked upon as actuated by an evil fpirit ? He was called Bid^ 
%ebuby the very chief of the devils. Arc yc thruft out of the 
fynagogues f So was he. Do men hunt for your precious 
lives ? So they did for his. The Jews fought often to kill 
him, but they could not, becaufe his hour was not yet come: 
and fo it (hall be with you. You are immortal till your work 
is done. The witnefles (hall not be flain till their teftimony 
is finiihed. Set your faces therefore as flints: let your brows 
be harder than adamant : fear not the faces of men, left GoD 
confound you before them. Give not place to thofe who op- 
pofe the operations of the Spirit, no not for an hour. Go ye 
forth in the ftrength of the Lord, making mention of his 
righteoufnefs, and his only. Remember that blefled promife, 
*' Lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the world." 
Jesus is the fame now as be was yefterday. And if you arc 
really thruft out into the harveft by Jesus, he will give you 
a mouth and wifdom, which all your adverfaries fliail not be 
able to refift. You fee how dreadfully the fcripturcs are in- 
terpreted. Give yourfelves therefore to reading. Search the 
fcriptures. But above all things, pray that ye may be taught 
of God : without which, notwithftanding all critical and 
human learning, you will never be fcribes well inftrufted to 
the kingdom of heaven. Continue to go out into the high- 
ways and hedges. Confider what multitudes there are around 
you every where, ready to perifh for lack of knowledge. And 
though your enemies, for want of arguments, (hould fo far 
prevail, as ta bring you before governors for fo doing, fear 
not, for it fliall be given you, as well as unto the firft preachers 
of the everlafting gofpel, what ye ilhall fpeak. O men, greatly 
beloved, my heart is enlarged towards you. Give me leave 
to fay unto you, as the angel did to Daniel^ " Be ftrong," 
yea be ftrong : quit yourfelves like men : put on the whole 
armour of God. And then, though you fliould be caft into 
a den of lions, that God whom you ferve, is able, and will 
deliver you. Though affliSed, deftitute, tormented here on 
earth, verily great (hall be your reward in heaven. 

And now, my reverend brethren^ to whom this letter is par*- 
ticularly infcribed, what fhall I fay more i I commend it, 
and yoH, to the great God, and to the word of his grace, 


,[ 199 3 

Uch is able to build you up, and give you an inheritance 
mong all them that are fandified. I have written to you out 
fthe fulnefs of my heart ; and praying that God may give us 
right judgment in all things, I beg leave to fubfcribe myfelf, 
though the chief of finners, aind lefs than the leaft of all 

Your affedlionate younger brother, and fellow-fervant 

in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, 

George Whitefield. 

N4 A tET- 


T O 

The Reverend the President, and Pro- 
fessors, Tutors, and Hebrew In- 
structor, of Harvard-College 
in Cambridge; 

In ANSWEiL to 


Publiflied by th^m againft the 

Reverend Mr. George Whitefield, 
and his Condudl. 

% Cor. VI. 8, 9, 10, II, iz.'-^As deceivers, and yet irue^ as unhnoivn^ 
and yet nveU knoivn : as dyings and behold, ^^e li<ve \ as chaftencd, and 
not killed i as forro^ful, yet ahvays rejoitmg ', as poor, yet making 
many rich j as bafuing nothing, and yet pojeffing all things, O ye Corin- 
thians, our mouth is open unto you, our heart is enlarged. Ye are not 
Jhaitened in us, but ye are flraitened in your oivn boivels. 

C 203 ] 

Lr E T T E R, ^r. 

Boflon^ January 23, 1745. 
Reverend and honoured Gentlemen^ 

WHEN the great Apoftle of the Gentiles was accured 
before the Governor of Cafareay A^s xxiv. by Tir- 
tullusy (employed for that purpofe by Ananias the high-prieft, 
and the Elders) as '* a peftilcnt fellow, a mover of fcdition 
among all the Jews throughout the worid, anti a ringleader of 
the {t&. of the Na%arenes^** he thought it his duty (being 
beckoned to by the Governor) to anfwer for himfelf ; and la 
bis anfwer proved, that he was in no wife guilty of the things 
that were laid to his charge. You, Gentlemen, feem to view 
Oie in the fame light, wherein Tertullus^ Ananias^ and the £/- 
ders viewed Pauhy and accordingly have thought proper to 
publifh a teftimony againft me and my condu£V, wherein you 
have undertaken to prove, page 4, that ** I am an enthufia^}, 
a cenforious, uncharitable pcrfon, and a deluder of the peo- 
ple." Will you give me leave, fince I think the great Go- 
vernor of the church beckons to me by his providence fo to 
do, without minutely criticifing upon the didion and method 
of your teftimony, to anfwer for myfelf, and in the fpirit of 
meeknefs examine the proofs you bring to make good your 
charges againft me. 

** By an enthufiajl (you fay, page 4.) we mean one that 
afts, either according to dreams^ or fome fudd^impuJjei and 
impreffions upon his mind, which he fondly imagines to be 
from the Spirit of God, perCuading and inclining him thereby 
to fuch and fuch aftions, though he hath no proof th:it fuch 
perfuadons or' impreffions are from the Holy Spirit.'* This 
definition of an emhufiaft, (whether exaflly right or pot) 


[ 204 ] 

you are pleafed to apply to me 5 and accordingly at the bottom 
of the aforementioned page you aflert, that I am *' a man 
that condu^s himfelf according to his dreams, or fome ridicu- 
lous and unaccountable impulfes and imprefHons on his mind," 
and *' that this is Mr. WhitefieW^ manner, is evident both 
by his life, his Journals, and His fermons." '' From thefe 
pieces (you add, page 5,) it is very evident that he ufed to 
govern himfelf by his dreams : one inftancc of this we have in 
his life, page 12. ' Near this time I dreamed that I was to 
fee God on mount Sinai, This made a great impreflion upon 
me.' Another like inftance we have, p. 39, 40. ' I prayed 
that God vw)uld open a door to vifit the prifoners, Qiiickly 
after, I dreamed that one of tbe prifoners came to be inflru£ted 
by me : the dream was impreffcd much upon my heart : in 
the morning I went to the door of the goal/ Once more, a 
like inftancc we have, p. 43. * I dreamed I was talking with 
the Bilhop i and that he gave me fome gold, which chinked 
in my hands :' and, p. 44. ' The guineas chinking in my. 
hand, put me in mind of my dream." Now, fay you in the 
next paragraph, *' if we confider thefe inftances, we muft 
fuppofe him condn6iivg himfelf by dream$y But, Gentlemen,, 
how will thefe premifes admit of fuch a conclufion ? In writ- 
ing a, brief account of God's dealings v^ith mc from my in- 
fancy to the time of my ordination, I have mentioned three. 
particular dreams ; but how does this prove, that I conduSf 
myfclf (I fuppofe you mean in the general courfe of my life) 
by dreams ; or that this denominates me an enthuliaft, who 
(according to your definition) ads according to dreams or 
*' f:)me fudden impulfes and impreilions upon his miod, which 
he ftjndly imagines to be from the Spirit of God, perfuadipg 
and inclining him thereby to fuch and fuch adlions,' though, 
he hath no proof that fuch perfuafions or impreffions (I hunj- 
bly apprehend to make up the fenfe there (hould be added, or 
dreams) are from the Holy Spirit ?" May not a perfon, in a 
few inftances of his life, have fome remarkable dream?, which. 
may be explained by fubfcquent providences, without being an 
enthufiaft, or jufily termed one that adls or condu6ts and go- 
verns himfelf according to dreams ? 

Bcfides, ought you not to have quoted the paflagcs as they 

f^and in my life, and thefi every oi\e miift fee, I was far from 

7 , ^^^"S 


[ 205 ] 

afting according to dreams, even in thefe inftances. The firft 

I mentioned becaufe it was a means under God of awakening 

me in fome degree, as I fuppofe halh been the cafe of many ; 

and is this a condu6ling of myfelf by a dream ? As for tht 

fecond, the cafe was thus : as I ufed to vifit the prifoners at 

Oxford^ fo upon my coming to Gloucejler^ my companion for 

the poor prifoners there, and the hopes I had of being fer- 

viceable to them, inclined me to vifit them alfo; for which 

reafon I prayed moft earneftly, that God would open a door 

for me to vifit then^ ; quickly after I dreamed that one of the 

prifoners came to be inftrudled by me : the dream was im- 

preffed much upon my heart. In the mo^ "jing I went to the 

door of the goal. This dream was no furiher a reafon of my 

going thither, than as it was a means of exciting me to pur-> 

fue the reafonable inclination I had before. And fubfequent 

providences made me afterwards judge, that God diredled 

the dream for that purpofe. As (o the third, I was fo far . 

from being conduced by it, that as I have faid in the account 

I gave of it, which. Gentlemen, you would have done well to 

have obferved, I always checked the impreffion it made upon 

me. Thefe are the only d!"eams I think that are mentioned 

in any of my writings j and ail thefe are in the account of 

my life : though you are pleafed to fay," p. 5, " From thefe 

pieces [namely my Life, Journals, and Sermons] it is very 

evident that he ufed to govern himfelf by dreams." 

*' As plain it is, (you add, page ihid,) that he ufually go- 
** verned himfelf by fome fudden irnpulfes and imprejjions on 
•*' his mind, and we have one inftance that may fatisfy us, 
" that his firft fetting out upon his itinerant bufinefs, was 
•* from an cnthufiaftic turn. Journal from London to Gibral^ 
" iafy p,. 3, he fays, ' He will not mention the reafons that 
«« perfuaded him it was the divine will that he fhould go 
•• abroad, becaufe they might not be deemed good reafons by 
** another ;' but faith, ' He was as much bent as ever to go, 
** though ftroHgly folicited to the contrary, having aflced di- 
** redlion from heaven about it for a year and half." And 
does not this prove. Gentlemen^ that I adled cautloujly in the 
affair, and took time to confider of the ftep I was about to 
take ? and cpnfequently was not. governed herein by fome 
fudden impulfe or impreffion on my mind, and without con- 
. . fulting 

[ 206 ] 

fulting Providence, continuing inftant in prayer, and con« 
ferring wiih friends on the o^cafion, for the fpace of a year 
and half, as you well obferve ? And what if I did not men- 
tion " the reafons that perfuaded mc it was the divine will 
that I {hould go abroad, becaufe they might not be deemed 
good reafons by another." Does it therefore follow, that I 
ivas governed in the affair by impulfes and impreffions, or 
that 1 had no good reafons to give? Befides, Gentlemen, 
how does it appear that this pafTage refers to my firft fetting 
out upon my itinerant bufmefs I I think I mention only 
going abroad to Georgia^ whither I was then bound, and 
where I intended to fettle. At this time I had no thought of 
being an itinerant. It did not appear to be my duty to fet out 
upon that bufmefs, for a confiderable time afterwards. How 
I was induced at length to fet out upon it, I may give an ac- 
' count of in a future tra£l ; but till that be publifhed, how can 
any one fairly determine ^^ whether my iirft fetting out upon 
this itinerant bufinefs, was from an enthufiaflical turn or 

" Other inftances (you fay, page /Wrf.) there arc, wherein 
*' he (hews it to be his cuftom to attribute any common turn 
of his mind to a^motion of the Holy Spirit upon him, with* 
** out any more reafon than any man may, »ny recolle£tions 
** of his memory, or fudden fuggcftion of his own underftand- 
*' ing. Such a one you have. Journal from Gibraltar to 5^* 
*' vannahy p. 3. * I went to bed with unufual thoughts and 
*' convi^iioni that GoD would do fome great things at Gibral^ 
** tar.** But, Gentlemen, if I fay, I went to bed with un- 
ufual thoughts and convidions, how is this an inftance of 
^^ my attributing any common turn of my mind to a motion 
•' of the Holy Spirit." You endeavour to prove it further, 
p. 6. by a fecond paflage taken out of another Journal from 
Savannah to England^ p. 22. where it is faid, ** That the leflbn 
** before he left Savannah^ being St. Paul'% (hipwreck : and 
*' that before his leaving Charles-Townj being the firft of 
" Jonah y made fuch a deep impreffion upon him, that ho 
** wrote to his friend to acquaint him, he was apprehenfive 
^^ he (hould have a dangerous voyage \ and it happening to 
•^ be bad weather accordingly, he fays, • GoD hath now 
^^ (hewed me wherefore be gave thofe previous notices.'^ 


[ 207 ] 

But, Gentlemen, how is this an inftancc of my attributing 
any common turn of my mind to a motion of the Holy Spirit ?. 
Was it a common turn of my mind to have PauVs fhipwrecky 
and the firft of Jonah powerfully prefled upon me ? I do not 
know that it was. But you are pleafed to draw this further 
inference from the quotation, page ibid, '* So that every fcrip- 
" ture that came to his view, was received as the bath-kol of 
" the Jewiy and" he plainly (hews himfelf as much directed 
** by this way of finding out the will of God as he calls it» 
" as the old heathens were by \ht\x fortes Homerica Virgiliana.^^ 
But how does this prove, that every fcripture that came to my 
view, was received as the bath-kol^ &c, I think I mentioned 
only the firft of Jonah^ and the xxviith of JSls : but you fay 
of this, (my receiving every fcripture that came to my vievr 
as the batb'kol) we have a very full inftance, fame Journal, 
p. 38, where you " have a particular application of the words 
** which appeared upon the Doflor's firft opening the Com-^ 
** mon- Prayer, ' The Lord hath vifited and redeemed hit 
« people." But how is this a very full inftance, when thefe 
words did not appear to my view at all, but to the Doflor's ? 
It was he that was readings not I ; only as you are pleafed 
to exprefs yourfelves, " I wifely obferved that fo it was, for 
«* about eight o'clock the men faw land/' Was there any 
thing unwifc in fuch an obfervation ? Or was there any thing 
enthufiaftical in faying, that God had vifited and redeemed 
his people, when after we had been pinched with hunger, and 
almoft ftarved, he was pleafed to give us a fight of land ? 

You proceed, p. 6, to lay fomething more to my charge : 
*' Sometimes he fpeaks as if he had communications diredljy 
" from the Spirit of God." And is it a crime for a believer, 
and a minifler of Jesus, to fpeak of his having communica- 
tions direilly from the Spirit of God ? I thought that was 
no new thing to the minifters and people in New-EngloHd^ 
efpecially fince fuch a remarkable revival of religion has been 
vouchfafed unto them. How are believers fealed ; or how is 
the divine life begun and carried on, if there be no fuch 
thing as having divine communications diredly from the Spi* 
fit of God ? 

Again, (page ibid,) you bring a frefli accufation againft 
me. ^' Sometimes, and indeed very frequently, he (in a moft 

•' eaithufiaftic 

[ 208 ] 

** enthufiaftic manner) applies even the hiftorical parts of 
*' fcripture particularly to himfelf, and his own affairs 5 znd 
" this manner he endeavours particularly to vindicate, Ser- 
*• mon on Searching the Scriptures^ p. 246* of his Sermons : ' It 
** is this application of the hiftorical parts of fcripture^ when 
"we are reading, that muft render them profitable to us;' 
" and appeals to the experience of the chriftian, that if he 
«' hath fo confulted the word of GoD, he has not been plainly . 
•* direcSled how to a<S, as though he had confulted the Urtm 
*' and the Thummim, For in this plain and full manner he 
** fays, p. 38. of his life ; ' The Holy Spirit hath from time 
*• to time let him into the knowledge of divine things, and 
** hath directed him in the minuteft circumftances.* And, 
" no doubt, hence it is, that he fays, foremen tioned fermon, 
** p. 247, ' Th^t God, at all times, circumftances, and 
•* places, though never fo minute, never fo particular, will, 
*' if we diligently feek the affiftance of his Holy Spirit, apply 
*' general things to our hearts.' Which, though it may be 
«* true in fome meafure as to the doftrinal and preceptive parts 
** of fcripture, yet it is evidently enthufiaftic to fay fo as to 
*' the hiftorical parts of it." But, however the faying fo mzf 
appear evidently enthufiaftlcal to you. Gentlemen, after ma- 
turely weighing the cafe, it does not appear in that light ta 
me : fordoes not the Apoftle tell Timothy^ 2 Tim^ iii. 16, i/.' 
" That all fcripture (therein, undoubtedly, including the hif- 
torical as well as dodtrinal and preceptive parts) is given by 
infpiration of God, and is profitable for dodrine, for reproof, 
for correflion and inftrudtion in righteoufnefs, to make the 
man of God perfe£i:, thoroughly furniflied to every good 
work." And does not the fame Apoftle, fpeaking of fcripture 
hiftories, fay, i Cor, x. 11. " Now all thefe things happened 
imto them for' en fam pies, and they are written for our admo- 
nition, upon whom the ends of ihe^world are come.'^ And if 
it be evidently enthufiaftical thus to apply the hiftorical parts 
of fcripture to our own cafes in private, is it not equally en- 
iKufiaftical to preach upon and apply the hiftorical parts of 
fcripture to particular cafes or perfons in public i And fur- 
ther, if it is evidently enthufiaftical to apply the hiftorical par^s 
of fcripture to ourfelves and to our afl^airs, then fuppofing 
fuch words as thefe, *« Go in peace. Be whole of thy plague^ 


t 269 1 

Son be of good cbear ;" or that hiftorical paflage irt John Vii. 3^* 
ibould be applied to a particular foul in deep diftrefsj (as no 
doubt they have often been) muft not that foul rejed them 
entirely for delufions ? And if fo^ how many that are real 
believers, muft be brought into unfpealcable bondage ? 

Page 8, you go on thus : " To mention but one inftance 
" more, though we are not of fuch letter-learned as deny, 
" that there is fuch an union of believers to Christ, whereby 
" they are one in him, as the Father and he are one, as the 
" Evangelift fpeaks, or rather the Spirit of God by him ; 
" yet fo letter-learned we are, as to fay, that the paflage in 

'* Mr. ^- d\ fermon of the indwelling of the Spirit^ P« S^l- 

' contains the true fpirit of enthufiafm, where he fays, * To 

• talk of any having the Spirit of God without feeling of it, 
^ is really to deny the thing/ Upon which we fay, that the 
^ believer may have a fatisfadtion, that he hath the affiftance 

• of the Spirit of God with him in fo continual and regular 

• a manner, that he may be faid to dwell in him, and yet 
' have no feeling of it." But, Gentlemen, is not this in ef- 
-fi to deny the indwelling of the Spirit f For how is it pof- 
ble that the believer can have a fatisfaftion, that he hath the 
ififtancc of the Spirit of God with him in fo continued and 
^gular a manner, that he may be faid to dwell in him, and 
et the believer have no feeling of it ? For my part I cannot 
omprehend it. I could as foon believe the dodrine of trari'^ 
ub/iantiation^ and therefore cannot retradl what you are pleafed 
3 fay contains the true fpirit of ei^thufiafm, " To talk of 

• any having the Spirit of God without feeling it, is really 

• to deny the thing," The reafon you give why the Spirit of 
rOD may dwell iri a believer, and yet the believer himfelf 
ave no feeling of it j in my apprehenfion carries no proof 
ad conviftion with it at all. I think you reafon thus, page ib. 

The metaphor is much too grofs to exprcfs (however full) 
this fatisfadion of the mind, and has led fome to take theex- 
pre£Son literally, .and hath (we fear) given great fatisfadion 

• to many an enthufiaft among us fmce the year 1740, from 
the fwelling of their breafts and ftomachs in their rejigious 

' agitations, which they have thought to ht feeling the Spirit^ 

'" in its operations on them/* Who thefe cnthufiafts, and 

7hat thefe religious agitations are which you are pleafed to 

Vol. IV. O mention 


t 212 ^ 

Gentlemen, have lied to God as well as unto man, when I 
declared at my 'ordination, that ** I was inwardly moved by 
*' the Holy Ghoft," who, I believe, according to Christ's 
promife, will be with every faithful minifter (and fo as to be 
filt too) even to the end of the world. 

*' As a natural confequence of the heat of enthufiafm^ by 
V which (you are pleafed to fay) he was fo evidently aSed > 
in a following paragraph, p. 8. you fay, '* In the next place, ^ 
*' we look upon Mr. TVhitefield zs m uncharMbUj cenforiousy 
•' and Jlanderom man\^ habitually fuch^ for that is the idea 
your words feem to convey. But, Gentlemen, does it follow 
that Peter cpuld properly be ftiled a curfing, fwearing man, 
i)ecaufe with oaths and curfes he denied his Lord ? Or could 
Davidy that man after God's own heart, be properly filled a 
murdering adulterous man, becaufe he committed adultery 
With Bathjheba^ and murdered her hufband. Uriah? Or, can 
a believer be ftiled properly an hypocrite, becaufe he has yet 
got a great deal of hypocrify remaining in his heart ? I fup- 
pofe, by no means. No more, according to my apprehenfions, 
can any man be juftly called an uncharitable^ cenforious, and 
flanderous man, if he be not habitually fo ; fupppfmg it (hould 
be proved either from his writings or condud^, that he may 
have been fomewhat ra(h or uncharitable in his judgment 
paffed upon feme particular perfons or things. 

But how, Gentlemen, do you prove this charge, That I 
am an uncharitable, flanderous man ? Why, p. 9. *' From 
*' his monjirous rejleciions upon the great and good Archbiihop 
*' Tillotfon^ (as Dr. Increafe Mather ftiles him) comparing his 
*' fermons to the conjuring books which the Apoftlc per- 
*' fuadcd the people to deftroy," But this, I humbly appre- 
hend, does not prove that I caft reflexions, which you call 
monftrousj upon Archbifliop Tillotfon as to his perfonal cbarac- 
' ter, but only his books, which Dr. Increafe Mather himfelf, 
as I have been informed by the Reverend Mr. Gee^ who was 
brought, up under his miniftry, and direded by him in his 
fiudies, conftantly warned the fiudents againft. And by the 
way, I cannot but obferve, that this holy venerable man of 
.God, Dr. Increafe Mather^ if we may credit the writer of his 
life, dealt as much in impreffions and inward feelings, as the 
perfon againft whom you are, pleafed to publiih this tefiimony. 


C 213 j 

And thougli he might call the Archbifhop a great anJ good 

L man for his cminency in ftation, and great generofity and 

moderation towards the Diflenters, yet I believe he never 

called him a great and good divine ; nor do I think he would 

blame me for what I have faid concerning Mr. G «, and 

Mr. H.: n. 

But that which affords you the greateft occafion to denomi- 
nate me a cenforious, uncharitable, and flanderous man, and 
Which I apprehend chiefly ftirs up your refentment againft me 
is, to make ufe of your own cxpreflion, p. 9. *' My reproach- 
** fill reflexions upon the Society which is immediately under 
" our care.** I think the reflexions are thefe : *' And as far 
•* as I could gather from fome who well knew the ftate of it, 
** [the College] not far fuperior to our Univerfities in piety 
" and true godiinefs. Tutors negleX to pray with, and cx- 
" amine the hearts of the pupils ; difcipline is at too low ^ 
*• ebb 5 bad books are become fafliionable among them ; T/T- 
" btfon and Clarke are read, inftead of Shepard^ Stoddard^ and 
** fuch like evangelical writers." And, Gentlemen, were 
hot thefe things fo at the time when I wrote ? Wherein then^ 
in writing thus, have I fland^red Harvard College ? But thea 
you fay, p. 10, he goes further ftill, when he fays, p. 96, 
both of Tale College^ as well as ours : " As for the Univerfities, 
" I believe it may be faid, Their light is now become dark- 
•* nefs, darknefs that may be felt.*' And muft it not be fo, 
when tutors negleft to pray with, and examine the hearts o( 
the pupils, &c. And this is all I meant. For 1 had no idea 
of reprcfenting the Colleges in fuch a deplorable ftate of im- 
morality and irfeligion, as you. Gentlemen, in yojar teftimony^ 
feem to ofejeft. I meant no more, than what the Reverend 
Prefident meant, when fpeaking of the degeneracy of the? 
times, in his fermon at the annual convention of minifters, 
May 28, 17415 he adds, *^ But, alas! how is the gold become; 
" dim, and the moft fine gold changed 1 We have loft ouc 
** "firft love : and though religion is ftill in faftiion with us^ 
** yet it is evident, that the power of it is greatly decayed*'* 
However, I am forry, I publiftied my private informations, 
though from credible perfons, concerning the colleges, to the 
world : and affure you, that I fliould be glad to find, the Re- 
verend Prefident was not miftaken whtn he undertook, from 

O 3 hU 

f *I4 } 

)i!s own €xacninatian of things, feven months after, to *< aflufO 
*f that venerable audien^:^ on the day of the convention, that 
*' their (ociety hath riot deferved the afperfions which have cif 
♦^ late been made upon it, either 9s to the principles there pfe-r 
*f yalent, or th^ boojcs there fead :" and aiTure you further, 
tliat what he adds is true in refpeft of me, " That fuch af 
**. hayc given out a difadvantagepus report of us, have done it 
M in a g«dly jealoufy foj: the churches of Christ, which are 
4* fupplied from us." I would blefs Gqd, and at the fame 
time, I would a(k pardon for the qiiftake, if J was miftaken 
^herein \ for I unfeignedly wifh ypur profperity, and there- 
fore was as willing to publifli the reformation in the College, 
as ever I was to fpeak of its de^lenfion. Frofn thence may 
there always proceed thpfe fireams, which may make glad the 
city of our Gop ! 

To proceid : again you fay, p. U. ^* We think it highly 
*? proper ^o bear pur teftimony againft Mr, WbitefieldT^ as w« 
S^ look upon him to be a deludex of the people. And here we 
f' mean niore cfpecially, as to the colleftions of money, 
^' which, when l^^ere before, by ^n e^traofdipary mendicant 
4« faculty, he almott extorted from the people." Extorted 
from the people ? flow. Gentlemen, could th^t be, when it 
was a pi^blic contribution ? I never heard the people them- 
felves make any fuch obje6lion. Nor did I ever fee people, in 
all appearance, offer more willingly : they feemed to be tbofe 
chearful givers, whom God declares he ?ipproves pf. You go 
on to p^ove me a deluder thus : " As the argument he then 
^' ufed vs^as, ' The fupport and education pf bis dear lambs at 
'*' the Orphan-houfe,' who (he told us, he hoped) pight, in 
«* time, preach the gofpel to us and to our children ; fo it is 
^^ not to be doubted, that the people were greatly encouraged 
♦' to give him largely of their fubttance, fuppofing they were 
•' to be under (he immediate tuition and inftrudion of him- 
S^ felf, as he th.^n made them to believe j and had not this 
•* been their thought, it is, to us, >yithout all peradventure, 
** they wpuld never have been perfuaded to any confiderable 
** contribution upon that head ; and this notwithftanding, he 
^' hath fcar^e feen them for thefe four years." But how does 
all this prove me a deluder of the people ? For can it b.e 
proYfdj^ that what was folleded, was not made yfe pf for the 


I: 215 I 

Cupport and education of the dear lambs at the Orpt^an^-houfe I 
Or did I promife that any of thefe dear lambs fliould come in 
four years time to preach in New-England ? Or did I in the 
leaft intimate that I had a defign to be always refident at th« 
brphan-houfe i And if by various and unexpeQed. interpo- 
fitions of Providence, I have been prevented feeing them thefe 
four years, can I help that ? ** And befides, you fay,, he hath 
" left the care of them with a perfon, whom the contributors 
** kpow nothing of." I fuppofe. Gentlemen, you mean Mr. 
Barber* But do thefe contributors know nothing of him? 
Did I not mention him publicly at the time of colledling, as 
one of their own countrymen, and one bred up in one of their 
own colleges ? Was he not with me in perfon ? And did I 
pot .again and again declare, that he was to be intruded with 
the education and fpiritual concerns of the children and fa- 
mily ? Afliiredly I did. But you add, *^ And we ourfdves 
." have reafon to believe that he is little better .than a Quakcri" 
What reafon. Gentlemen, you may have thus to judge of 
him, I cannot tell, but I have great, reafpn to believe he is a 
thorough Calvinift, and a dear man of God, much acquainted 
with tl^e divine life, apd fweetly taught rightly to divide the 
word of truth, I heartily wifh all that had the caxe pf youth, 
were like-minded, whatever name you are pleafed to give him^ 
But you fay, *' Furthermore, the account which Mr. ff ^ ' ■ ■>■ 
*' hath given the world of his difburfements of the feveral 
*' contributions, for the ufe of his Orphan-houfe, (wherein 
** there are feveral large articles, and fome 9^ about a tbour 
*' fand pounds our currency charged in a very fummary way, 
** * For fundries,' no mention being made therein what the 
" fum was expended for, nor to whom it was paid) is by no 
*' means fatisfacSory." Would you not. Gentlemen, have 
done well to h^ve faid, by no means fatisfaftory to us ? For, 
I am well pcrfuaded moft of the contributors depended on my 
veracity, and would have been fatisfied as to tbemfelvcs, 
though I had given no account of the difburfements at all. 
Befides, Gentlemen, did you ever fee an account of that na- 
ture more particular ? Is that of the Society for propagating 
the gofpel more fo? Or would you yourfelves. Gentlemen, 
J)e mor? particular, fuppofmg an account of what has been 

O 4 received 

received and difturfcd for Harvard'Callegej (heuld ever be w* 
quired at your hands ? 

ITie manner of my preaching you fecm, p. 12. *< as much 
** to diflike, and bound to bear a teftimony againft, as the rfnan 
*• hfmfelf." And why ? becaufe it is extempore preaching. 
This, to ufe your own words, p. ibid, '« We think by no 
*' means proper ; for that it is impoffible that any man (hould 
*< be able to m^anage any argument with that ftrength, or 
** any inftrudion with that clearaefs in an extempore nmn- 
**iier, as he^ay with ftudy and meditation," But, Gcntte- 
men, does extempore preaching exclude ftudy and meditation \ 
Timothy^ I believe, was an extempore preacher, and yet the 
Apoftle advifes him to give himfclf to reading; and I am of 
Luther's opinion, that ftudy, prayer, meditation, and tempta* 
tion, are neceffary for a minifter of Christ. Now jou fay, 

♦* Mr. fr evidently fliows, that he would have us believe 

** his difcourfes are extempore" And fo they are, if you 
mean that they are not written down, and that I preach with- 
out notes : but they are not extempore^ if you think that I 
preach always without ftudy and meditation. Indeed, Gen^ 
tlemen, I love to ftudy, and delight to meditate, when I have 
ppportunity, and yet would go into the pulpit by no means 
tlcpending on my ftudy and meditation, but on the blefted 
Spirit of God, who I believe now, as well as formerly, fre- 
tquently gives his minifters utterance, and enables them to 
preach with fuch wifdom, that all their adverfaries are not 
able to gainfay or refift. This, I think, is fo far from being 
B lazy manner of preaching, and the preacher in doing thus, is 
fo far from offering that which coji him nothings as you obje£t, 
page ibid, that I have generally obferved, extempore preachers 
are the moft fervent, laborious preachers, and I believe (at 
leaft I fpeak for myfelf who have tried both ways) that it 
cofts them as much, if not more clofe and folemn thought, as 
well as faith and confidence in God, as preaching by notes. 
And however you are pleafed to add, page ibid, that this way 
of preaching ^^ is little inftrudive to the mind, flill lefs co- 
f' gent to the reafonable powers,'* yet, I believe it is the 
preaching which Gop hath much honoured, and has been 
frequently attended with very great fuccefs in many ages of 
the chriftian church, An4 if wc may pray, I fee no reafoa 

^ whjr 

[ 217 ] 
why wCuinay not preach extempore. The ra(hners>of feme of 
my expreffions, as well as the dangerous errors, which you arc 
pleafed to fay, p. 13, have been vented in my extempore dif-* 
courfes, I humbly apprehend, are no fufficient obje£kions' 
againft extempore preaching itfelf ; becaufc we often fee, that 
thofe who preach by notes, and write too, as may be fuppofed,' 
with ftudy and meditation, are guilty of as rafh expreifions, 
and vent as dangerous errors, as thofe who, you fay, preach ' 
cither without ftudy or meditation. What the dangerous 
errors are, that have been vented in my extempore difcourfes^ 
you have not thought proper to fpecify, unlefs it be that once 
•r twice through miftake I faid, " That Christ loves un- 
** regenerate finners with a love of complacency ; nay, and^ 
^ that God loves finners as finners." Thcfc were indeed- 
iinguariled expreffions ; but I recalled it publicly as foon as I 
was made fenfible of my miftake : and I think too before your 
teftimony againft me was publiftied. Were thefe my fettled 
principles, I would agree with you in your enlargement upon 
it, p. I3f " Which, if it be not an unguarded expreffion, 
^ muft be a thoufand times worfe ; for we cannot look upon 
*' it as much lefs than blafphemy, and ihows him to be 
*' ftronger in the Jntinomian fcheme^ than moft of the profef- 
<* fors of that herefy themfelves." But as it was only a lapfus 
lingua^ and the whole current of my preaching and writing 
was, and is direAly contrary to fuch principles, I would not 
have you. Gentlemen, by thus reprefenting me as an Antino- 
oiian, enroll yourfelves in the number of thofe ^^ that make a 
man an offender for a word, and lay a fnare for them that 
fpeak in the gate." Indeed, Gentlemen, I utterly deteft Jn^ 
tinomianifmy both in principle "and pradice. And though you 
are pleafed to fay, *^ That it is not unlikely, and that it is to 
** be fufpefted, (that I am an Antinomian) becaufe the cx- 
^* preffion was repeated ; and when he was taxed with it by 
** a certain gentleman, he made no retraftion :" yet I did, I 
' I thought, what amounted to it : for when he told me of my 
miftake, (if we underftand the fame gentleman) I bowed and 
thanked him for his kind information : as I would willingly 
jdo all, who at any time are fo kind as to come in the fpirit of 
meeknefs, to tell me of my faultSj an4 freely qonverfe with 
pe face to face, 


[ 2l8 ] 
LaftljTy you are pleifed to fay,, page ihid. " We think if 
•* our duty to bear our ftrongeft teftimony againft that itine- 
•5 rant way of preaching, which this Gentkman was the firft 
*> promoter of among us, and ftill delights to continue in/* 
Now by an itinerant preacher (you fay) " We underftand 
*5 one jtbat hath no peculiar charge of his own, but goes about 
" from country to country, or from town to town, in any 
*^ country, and (lands ready to preach to any congregation 

*,♦ that (hall call him to it : and fuch a one is Mr, /!^ ," 

1 own the charge ; and am willing to put the cafe on the 
&me iffue as you do, p* 14 : " Indeed if there were any thing 
^ leading to this manner of management, in the directions 
•*' and inrftracaions given either by our Saviour or his Apoftles, 
^ we ought to be filent, and fo would a man of any modefty ; 
" if (on the other hand) there be nothing in the New-'Tefta- 

" ment leading to it. And furely (you add) Mr. IV 

^> will not have the face to pretend he a6ls now as an tvange^ 
** ///?." But indeed,' Gentlemen, I do, if by an evangekft 
you mean, what the fcripture I prefume means, '^ Qne who 
^^ h^th no particular charge of his own, but goes about from 
•* country to country, or from town to town, in any country, 
^ and ftands ready to preach to any congregation that (hall 
^* call him to it." For does not that general commiffion given 
by our Lord to his Apoftles, ^' Go ye into all the world, 
and preach the gofpel to every creature," authorize the mini^- 
fters of Christ, " even to the end of the world," to preach 
the gofpel in any town and country, though not of their own 
head, yet whenever or wherever Providence fhould open a door, 
even, though it fliould be in a place " where officers are al- 
*' ready fettled, and the gofpel isfully and faithfully preached." 
This, I humbly apprehend, is every gofpel minifter's indifput^ 
able privilege, and therefore cannot judge that it is being 
wife above what is written, to give it as my opinion, as you 
fay I have done, p. 14. " That itinerant preaching may be 
*' very convenient for the furtherance of the good of the 
•^churches, if it were under a good regulation." Fq.r itine- 
fant preaching is certainly founded upon the word of God, 
und has been agreeably approved of, and prafti fed by many 
good men, witb great and happy fuccefs both in ancient and 
later times I Was not the reformation begun, and carri&d on 


[ «i9 1 

fcy itinerant preaching? Were not Knox^ Welchj Wtjhart^ and 
thofe holy men of God, feveral of the good o^A puritans ^ itine- 
rant preachers ? Ace not itinerants Tent forth by the fdcietiea 
for propagating the gofpel and promoting chriftian knowledge 
both in England^ Scotland and Denmark? And did not holy 
Mr. Baxter in his appendix to his Gildas Sahianus or Re-- 
formed Pajiar^ in conjunction with others, earneftly and with 
weighty reafons recommend itinerant preaching, even where 
the gofpel was fully and iaithfully preached, in 1657? Which 
is expreffed in the fqUawing terpis : 

M To ifi* Reverend and faithful Mlnifteri of Ch&ist In the 
feveral Counties of this Land, and the Gentlemen and Hber 
nathu of each County y now inhabiting the City ^London. 

** Reverend and Moved Brethrm^ 
*TpHE whole defign and bufinefs of this difcourre, being 
the propagation of the gofpel, and the faving of men's 
fouls, I have thought it not unmeet to acquaint you with 
another work to that end, which we have fet on foot in this 
county, and to propound it to your confideration, and humbly 
invite you to an univerfal imitation. You know, I doubt not, 
the great inequality in minifterial abilities, and that many 
places have minifters that are not qualified with convincing, 
lively, awakening gifts : fome muft be tolerated in the nccef- 
fiiy of the church, that are not likely to do any great matters 
towards the converfion of ignorant, fenfual, worldly men: 
and fome that are learned, able men, and fitted for controvef- 
fies, may yet be unfit to deal with thofe of the lower fort. I 
fuppofe if you perufe the whole miniftry of a county, you will 
not find fo many and fuch lively, convincing preachers as we 
could wifl}. And I take it for granted, that you are fenfible 
of the weight of eternal things, and of the worth of fouls ; 
and that you will judge it a very defirable thing that every 
man (hould be employed according to his gifts, and the gofpel 
in its light and power fhould be made as common, as poffible 
we can : upon thefe and many the like confiderations, the 
minifters in this county refolved to chufe out four of the m(fft 
lively, yet fober, peaceable^, orthodox men, and dcfire them 


ence a month to have their own congre^atiohSy to the affiftance 
of fome other, and to beftow their labour in the places where 
they thought there was moil need ; and as we were refolving 
upon this work, the natives of this county, inhabiting the 
city of London^ having a cuftom of feafting together once a 
year, and having at their feaft colledled fome monies by con- 
tribution, for the maintaining of a weekly leSiure in this coun- 
ty, (befides other good works) did (by their ftewards) defirc 
us to fet up the faid leiSlure, and toilifpofe of the faid monies 
in order thereto : and their judgments upon confultation did 
correfpond with our defign. So that the faid money, being 
fuf&cient to fatisfy another, that (hall in their abfence preach 
lit their own places, we employ it accordingly, and have pre- 
Tailed with fome brethren to undertake this work.* 

I propound to your cotitvitnxion^ Reverend Brethren^ and to 
you, the natives of each county, in London^ whether the fame 
work may not tend much to the edification of the church, and 
ihe welfare of fouls, if you will be pleafed fpeedily and effec- 
tually to fet it on foot through the land ? Whether it may 
not, by God's blefSng, be a likely means to illuminate the 
ignorant, and awaken the fecure, and countermine feducers, 
and hinder the ill fuccefs of Satan's itinerants, and win over 
many fouls to Christ, and ftablifh many weak ones in the 
faich ? And not doubting but your judgments will approve of 
the defign, I humbly move, that you.will pleafe to contribute 
your faculties to the work ; that the Londoners of each county 
will be pleafed to manifeft their benevolence to this end, and 
commit the monies to the hands of the moft faithful, orthodox 
jninifters, and that they will readily and fclf-denyingly under- 
take the work. 

I hope the Gentlemen, natives of this county, will be 
pleafed to pardon my publifhing their example, feeing my 
end is only the promoting of men's falvation, and the commoa 

. . And that you may more fully underftand the fcope of our 
de&gn, I fhall annex the letters dire£led to the feveral mi- 
jiifters of the county, which the ledurers fend to the minifters 
.of. the place, and receive his anfwer, before they prefume to 
preach in any congregation/' 


C «i 3 

•* To all the reft of the Minifters of the Gofpel in this County^ ot^ 
Reverend and beloved Brethren^ grace and peace in our Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

*' Reverend Brethren^ 

'T^HE communication of the heavenly evangelical light, fi>r 
the glory of our Redeemer, in the converfion, edification 
and faivation of men's fouls, is that which we arc bound to by 
many obligations, as chriftians, and as minifters of Christ, 
for his church, and therefore muft needs be folicitous thereof: 
and it is that which the fpirit of grace, where it abideth, 
doth proportionably difpofe the heart to defire : by convid:ion$ 
©f the excellency and necefSty of' this work, and of our own 
duty in order thereto, and by the excitation of undeferved 
grace, our hearts are carried out to long after a nr.ore general 
^nd effedual illumination and faving converfion of the ]nh»> 
bitants of this county in which we live : which while we were 
but entering upon a confultation to promote, it pleafed God 
^without our knowledge of it) to put the fame thoughts into 
the hearts of others. The natives of this County of Worcejier 
who dwell in London^ meeting at a feaft, (as is their yearly 
ufe) collected a fum of money for the fetting of eight poor 
boys to trades, and towards the' maintaining of a weekly lec- 
ture, and have committed the execution of this laft, to our 
care : and upon confultation with their flewards, and among 
ourfelves, both they and we are fatisfied, that a moveable le£fure 
on the Lord's-day is the likelieft way for the improvement 
of their charity, to the attainment of their ends. For, ift, 
many people through poverty cannot, and many through neg- 
ligence will not come to a week day's lefture: experience 
telleth us, that fuch are ufualJy attended but little by thofe 
that have the greateft need : 2dly, and thus the benefit majr 
extend to more, than if it were fixed in one places 

We have therefore defired our revcjrend and dear brcthref»v 
Mr. Andrew Triftramy minifter at Clent^ Mr, Henry Onflnniy 


c 221 y 

miniflct at Bewdky^ and Mr. Thomas Baldwin^ minifter at 
fyolverfy^ and Mr. Joftfph Treble^ minifter at Church Lench^ to 
lindertake this work, and that each of them will be pleafed 
every fourth Lord's-day to preach twice irt ihcfe places, wherf 
they (hall judge their labours to be moft neceflary : and as we 
doubt not but their own congregations will fo far confedt for 
the good of others ; fo do we hereby requeft of you our bre- 
thren, that when any ©f them fhall offer their labours for your 
congregations, in preaching the faid le(Jlure, you will receive 
thcna, and to your power further them in the work. For as 
we have no thoughts of obtruding their help upon you, with- 
out your confent, fo we cannot but undoubtedly expe£l, that 
men fearing God, and defiring their people's everlafting good^ 
will chearfuUy and gratefully entertain fuch affiftance. And 
we hope, that Aone wilt think it needlefs, or take it as an 
accufing the miniftry of infufEcicncy : for the Lord dotk 
varioufly befiow his gifts : all that are upright are not equally 
fitted for the work: and ipany that are learned, judicipus, and 
more able to teach the riper fort, are yet lefs able to con- 
defcend to the ignorant, and fo convincingly and fervently to 
rouze up the fecure, as fome that are below them in other 
qualificatiohs.: and many that are able in both refpeds, have 
a barren people ; and the ableft have found by experience that 
God hath fometimes bleft the labours of a ftranger to do that^ 
which their own hath not done. We befeech you therefore 
interpret not this as an accufation of any, which proceedeth 
from the charity of our worthy country-men in London y 2ini 
from the earneft defires of them and us, to further the falva^ 
tion of as many as we can* And that you may have no jea«- 
loufies of.^he perfons deputed to this work j we affure you 
that they are approved men, orthodox, fober, peaceable, and 
of. upright lives, happily qualified for their minifterial work^ 
and zealous and induftrious therein ; < and fo far from being 
likely tp fow any errors or caufe divifions, or to draw the 
hearts of people from their own faithful Paftors, that they 
will b^forward to aflift you againft any fuch diftempers in 
your flocks. Not doubting therefore, but as you ferve th^ 
fame Mafler, and are under the fame obligations as we, fo 
as maiiy as are heartily addided to his fervice, will readily 


r "3 ] 

>mote fo hopeful a work, we commend you fund jrout 
lOurs to the blefling of the Lord. 

Your brethren and fellow-labourers in the work of 
the gofpeL 

In the name and at the defirc of the minifters of 
this affociation. 
vejham. Richard Baxter^ John Borq/lorty Jarvis Bryaftti 

In the name of the minifters of this affociation. 

Giles Collier^ George Hopkins^ John Dolphin.** 

This is and "ihall be my endeavour, and was fo when I 
s here laft, my confcience alfo bearing me witnefs in the 
»ly Ghoft, notwithftanding fome of my expreflions have 
;n made to fpeak things, and convey ideas which I never 
ended. And therefore, Gentlemen, judge ye, whether yoii 
ft faid right in p. iith, *' And now is it poffible, that 
we (hou)d not look upon hino (Mr. JV.) as the blameable 
:aufe of all the quarrels on the account of religion, wliich 
he churches are now engaged in : and this not only on ac* 
rount of his own behaviour, but alfo as the coming of thofe 
}9t men afterwards (who together with the exhorters that 
iccompanied them, cultivated the fame uncharitable dif- 
>ofifion$ in our churches) w3ls wholly owing to his influence 
ind example?" Is this, Gentlemen, a fair way of arguing f 
it not enough for me to anfwer for myfelf, without having 
faults of others that came after me, laid to my charge alfo? 
i not the paptfts as juftly, who charged Luther with all the 
>rudencies of his adherents, and the confufions that attend* 
the reformation ? Befides, I do not underftand^ who you 
an by thofe hot men. Surely you do not include the reve- 
d Mr. Tennent. God did make me an inftrument of fend- 
him to New-England, 1 thaitk him for it, as I believe 
sral of Harvard College^ many minifters, and thoufands of 
common people, in the feveral parts of New-England, will * 
found to do, through the ages of tt(^rnity. As fofrothers, 
new nothing of their coming, neither do I well know who 
r mean, and confequently can be no more juftly charged* 
h their mifconduS, than the firft founder ot Harvard CeU^ 


[ 224 ] 

ligi can be charged with all the bad principles and pra£lice^ 
which any of the members of that fociety have been guilty of^ 
fince.bis deceafe. That Mr. Tennent's labours and mine were 
remarkably blefled, the reverend Mr. Prefident himfelf teftified 
in the fore-mentioned fermon, page 23, wherein are thefe 
words : *' Indeed thofc two pious and valuable men of Gody who 
** have been lately labouring more abundantly among us, have 
** been greatly inftrumental in the hands of God, to revive 
** this blefled work; and many, no doubt, have been favingly 
f^ converted from the error of their ways, many more have 
** been convifted, and all have been in fome meafure roufed 
•* from their lethargy." And even in this teftimony, you arc 
all pleafed to fay, page 3, that ^^ by a certain faculty which 
«' he hath of raifing the pafiions, he hath been a means of 
*' roufing many from their ftupidity, and fetting them on 
♦' thinking, whereby fome may have been made really better.** 
And if thefe things are fo i if many have been roufed frona 
their ftupidity, and made really better ; if the blefled work of 
God was revived, and there is no doubt but many have been 
lavingly converted from the error of their ways, many more 
convifted, and all in fome meafure roufed from their lethargy j 
j^ it to be wondered at, that many of the people fhould be 
firongly attached to fuch an inftrument, though it (hould be 
moft evident (as you fay, p. ibid.) ** that he hath not any fu- 
«* perior talent at inftrucSling the mind, or fhewing the force 
** and energy of thofe arguments for a religious life, which 
*' are direfled to in the everlafting gofpel ?" For, is it not 
natural for people to love their fpiritual Father ? Would not 
the Galatians have plucked out even their own eyes, and have 
given them to Paul? And is it not the bounden duty of all 
that love Jesus, to love thofe who labour in the word and 
do£trine, and are made greatly inftrumental in the h^ds of 
God to revive his bleflTed work amongft them? And fuppofing 
that they have not any fuperior talent at inftru£ting the mind, 
&c. ought they not the more to thank and adore the fove« 
reignty of their heavenly Father, who fends by whom be wilt 
fend, and chufes the weak things of this world to confound 
the ftrong, and hides thofe things from the wife and prudent^ 
which he is pkafed to reveal unto babes I 


r «5 I 

/Gondemeii) I prafeTs myTdf a Cahimi/lzBto principle^ and 
pv^adic no other dodrines than thofe which your pious anccf« 
tars, and the founders of Harvard G§lUge^ preached long be- 
fat I. was bom. And I am come to Net^England, with no 
intentioo to meddle with, much lefs. ^o dcftrpy the order of the 
MuhBngfarul churched, or turn out thp generality of .tb^ 
annifters, or re-fettle them with minifters from Enikmd^ S€j&t\ 
•hnij and Ireland^ as hath been hinted in a late letter written 
If the reverend Mr. Clap^ Ke^or of Tak-Olkge: fuch a 
bought never entered my heart ; neither, as I know of, has 
my preaching the leaft tendency thereunto. I am determined 
to know nothing among you, but Jesus Christ and him 
crucified. I have no intention of fetting up a party for myfelf, 
or to ftir up people againft their Paftors. Had not illnefs pre- 
vented, I had fome weeks ago departed out of thefe coafts. 
But as it is not a feafon of the year for me to undertake a 
very long journey, and I have reafon to think the great GoD 
daily blefles my poor labours, I think it my duty to comply 
with the invitations that are fent me ; and, as I am enabled) 
to be inftant in feafon and out of feafon, and to preach among 
poor finners the unfearchaWe riches of Jesus Christ* This 
indeed I delight in. It is my meat and my drink« I efteem 
it more than my neceflary food* This I think I may do, as 
a minifter of the King of kings, and a fubjed to his prefent 
Majeffy JCing Georgia' upon whofe royal head* I pray God, 
the crown may long flourith. And as I have a right to preach, 
fo I humbly apprehend the people, as chriftians, as men, and 
NitV'England men in particular, have a right to invite and 
hear. If pulpits (hould be (hut, bleiled be God ! the fields 
ve open, and I can go without the camp, bearing the Re^ 
deemer's facred reproach : this I am ufed to, and glory in i ^ 
believing that if I fufier for it, I {hall fufFer for righteoufnefs 
fake. At the fame time I defire to be humbled, and a(k public 
pardon for any ra(h word I have dropped, or any thing I have 
written or done amifs. This leads me alfo to a(k forgivenefs. 
Gentlemen) if I have done you or your fociety, in my journal, 
9uiy wrong* Be pleafed to accept unfeigned thanks for ajl 
tokens of refpcft you (hewed me when here laft. And if you 
bave injured me in the tefiimony you have publithed againft 
Vol. IV, f Oicj 


C *26 ] 

me and my condu<9: (as I think, to fay no more, you real 
Jjavc) it is s^lrcady forgiven without aflcing, by Gentlemen, 
YoMr affectionate hwrnble fcrvant, 


P. S. I have been obliged to be very brief, on accou 
of the variety of bufinefs in which I am neceflfarily engage 
ind my daily calls to preach the everlafting gofpel. 



N A 



The Enthufiafm of Methodists 
and Papists compared j 


Several Miftakes in fome Parts of my paft Writings 
and Condud; are acknowledged, and my prefent 
Sentiments concerning the Methodists ex- 

1 N A 


Out of the eater came forth meat, Ju*^ges xiv. 4. 

p 2 

[ "9 ] 


S I R^ 

IHave perufcd your anonymous Pamphlet ; and tliough opoii 
fome accounts it does not deferve an anfwer, yet, as it 
4l%ay ferve a good purpofe, and be a means- of red^ifylng fome 
toiftakes, I fliall trouble you with a few remarks upion it. 

Who^ or what you are, th^ world is left to gueft. If a 
tkrgyman^ you have done well to cbhceal yourfelf, the whole 
ftrain of your performance difcoveriag a ievity unbecoming 
fuch a charader. You yourfelf feem confcious of its need- 
ing an apology : for in your preface, after having juft hinted 
at the *' extravagant freais of MethoMfm^* you add, '* And 
** if in proving it, I am fometimes guilty of a levity of exprcf- 
^^ fion^ ^ris to be fa<^d fome allowance will be made, in con* 
^ fideration of the nature of the fubjcd, it being no eafy mat* 
^* ter to keep one's countenance^ and be fteadily fcrious, where 
^' others are ridiculous.'^ Afiure yourfelf. Sir, I 'ihall make 
all the allowance you can reafonably deiire ; but at the fame 
time mult obferve to you, that if others are ridiculous^ that is 
ho reafon why you ihould make yourfelf fo ; and if recover- 
ing the perfdns concerned out of their extravagant freaks, be 
only a remote defign of your compofition, you have unhappily 
fixed upon a mod improbable^ inefFe^tual remedy; I mean^ , 
irreligious bantet, ' 

However this be, your principal deiign is obvious^ <* As a 
" caution to all Proteftants, to draw a comparifon between 
*^ the wild and pernicious Enthusiasms of fome of the moff 
*' eminent Saints in the Popijh communion^ and thofe of the Ais- 
** thodijls in our own country :" And who thofe eminent 
** faints are you fpecify, page 9 feft. 2. '^ the moft wild, and 
^' extravagant, the moft ridiculous ftrolling, fanatical, deli- 
*' rious, and mifchievous of all the faints in « the Romijb com* 
P 3 munion/' 

[ 230 3 

*' munion." For otherwife, you fay, *< the parallel ^vould not 
** hold, but come off defefiive ; the whole condu<9: of the Mc— 
** thodifts (not any one branch, it feems, to be excepted) be 
*^ ing but a counter-part of the moft wild fanaticifm of the mod 
*' abominable communion," in its moft corrupt ages. Vid» 
Pref* This is avowedly your principal defign (which thbugli 
I think fomewhat too reftrained to anfwer exaflly to youir 
title page) muft be acknowledged to be a very expedient one^ 
if, befidcs cautioning proteftants, you intended, at the fame 
time, to expofe the Methodifts, and to have them looked upoa 
and treated as Papifts. 

How you have fucceeded in this attempt, will appear when 
we come to examine the parallel you have drawn betweea 
them. To this Ifhall confine myfeif, and confequently, «i| 
purpofe, omit making any dire£l reply to the account you 
give of the Mohtanijls ;, it being not only quite foreign to the 
title page and principal defign of your trail (as you fay, 
*' they arofe in the fecond century, before popery had a bc- 
*« ing,") but at the beft very precarious, being not founded 
upon writings of their own, which, as you inform us, are long 
fince loft. 

To come then to your more direcft comparifon between 
fopijh and methodijlical enthuftajis : '^ From a commiferation 
*' or horror, arifing from the grievous corruptions of the 
«' world, perhaps from a real motive of fincere piety, they 
*' both fet out with warm pretences to reformation :" page 
10. feft. 2. And is not this commendable, whether in Me- 
thodifts or in Papifts ? Or ought any one,- think you, to take 
upon him holy orders, and witnefs that good confeftion be- 
fore many witneffes, " That he is inwardly moved thereto by 
*' the Holy Ghoft," without having a real motive of fincere 
piety, and a warm intention at leaft (if that be what you mean 
by a pretence) to promote, as much as in him lies, a real re- 
formation ? If by pretence, you would have us underftand t 
mere hypocritical pretence, you are then guilty of a felf-con- 
tradidlion : for how can pretence and reality be reconciled ? 
Which of the two was the cafe of the Methodifts at their iirft 
fetting out, if you plcafe, we will leave to the great day, to 
be determined by Him who is appointed to be judge of quick 
and dead ; to whom alone all hearts are open, all defire« 


t 231 i • 

ifi^wn; and from whom no fecrets dre hidl. Anions are Cog- 
nizable by us, and not intentions* Let us fee how your pa* 
tallel holds good in refpeft to thefe. 

" For the better advancement of their purpofes, both^ 
^* commonly (you fay, page 11. feftion 4.) begin their rf^- 
" ventures with field preaching. In which particular, though 
^< the practice of the Methodiils be notorious, it may not bd 
f* amifs to produce fome of their own words, were it only for 
« the fake of the comparifon." But, good Sir^ ought tinf 
boe^ merely fOr the fake of making a comparifon, (though 
ever fo juft) to exceed the bounds of truth, which yoU havd 
here confeffedly done ? For what words have you produced^ 
•r indeed can you produce, to prove that the Methodifts be- 
gan their adventures with field-preaching ? If we may believe 
your own words, is not the quite contrary notorious ? For^ 
kSt. 5. page 15. you tell us, '* That after the Methodifti 
" had traduced the clergy, as long as they were permitted to 
^< do it, in their own churches and pulpits, they fet about 
« this pious work of defamation more heartily in the fields." 

Here then your parallel fails at firft fetting out, you youN 
felf being judge. And here I would difmifs this article^ being 
founded on a* miftake^ was it not proper to take notice of a 
curfory remark or two, which you have thought proper to 
make upon it* You afk^ ^page 14. ** How comes Mr. White-^ 
^^ field to fay, there was never any fuch thing as field-preach- 
" ing before ? Was it from the mere vanity of being thought 
^' the founder of it ? Or was he ignorant of the practice feve« 
*' ral years ago, and even in our own nation ?" I thank you; 
Sir, for informing me better^ and am glad to find that fields 
preaching was pradtifed in our nation feveral years ago. Why 
then fuch a noife about it now i 

From what degrees of vanity my exprefEng myfelf in that 
manner might proceed, I cannot now remember : but if^ as 
you infinuate, page 33. *' It is eafy to forefee there is to be 
** fome futxivc calendar or legend of the faintSi* (I prefume you 
mean Methodijl faints) I care not if the following article be 
be inferted concerning me, *^ Such a day the Reverend 
«' George Whitefield^ having had an univerfity education, and 
«< been regularly ordained deacon and prieft of the Church of 
*< England^ and invited to preach in moft churches of the cities 

\ P4 r^f 

t 4S« 1 
k^oT Ghmtjter^ Brifta^ W^ndnjhr wtALmM^m tir Ufc 
^ of which places he collcdcd near a thoufand pounds for the 
<< charity children, being. caufelofly denied the further ufe o£ 
^'thechutches^ betaufe he preached up the neocSty of tte 
'* new birtb^ and juftification in the fight of Gol> by ftidf 
** alboe in the imputed righteoufnefs of Jssus Chsjst, hipsi^ 
^ U fntub the fitme d§£lnius in the folds J^ 

This is the real truth : and whether I was the fi§aubr or 
nviver of fuch field- preachibg in this nation, need I tar 
afhamed, merely becaufe St. Petir of Vefna^ St. Ni^btUu oF 
NtkfcB^ St* AhUw^ of Pmdua^ and St* Ignatius were fields 
pireachers befoire ihe ? Can you recx>lkd no earlier, or more 
unexdeptionablie field-preachers than thefe? What do yoo. 
think of Jesus Christ and his Apoftles ? Were they iMst 
i^ld-preachers ? Was not the beft ferman that was ever deli* 
yered, delivered from a Mount ? Was not another very ex- 
tellent one preached from a place called Alars^HiU? And did 
kiot Peter and Jobn preach above feventeen hundred years ago 
in SoUmen^s Porcb^ and elfewhere, though the clergy of that 
generation commanded them to fpeak no more in the nsime 
of Jesus ? Thefe werie the perfons that I had in view, when 
I begun my adventures df field-^preaching. Animated by their 
example, when caufelefly thruft out, I took the field ; and if 
this be my (hame, I glory in it: for, (to make ufe of the 
words of the late great Colonel Gardiner ^ when he once looked 
upon the ipot where this adventure was carried on j and O 
that I may fpeak it with a becoming humility, ^^ I am per* 
*^ fuaded ic will be faid at the great day of this and that man^ 
*< that they were brought to God there.'* 

Another of your curfory remarks on field- preaching, is this j 
•* Have nbt the Methodift preachers, as well as St, Anthmrfi 
•* been attended with zjiurdyfet of followers, as their guards, 
•' armed with clubs uhder their cloaths, menacing and terri- 
** fying fuch as (hould dare to fpeak lightly of their apoftle ?*' 
You add, ** IhaVe heard it often affirmed." And fo might 
the heathens have faid, that they heard it often affirmedj^ 
♦' that when the primitive chriftians received the bleflcd fa* 
<* cram^t, they killed a young child, and then fucked its 
•' blood." But was that any reafon why they (hould believe 
it? It is true indeed^ fome bf the Methodift preachers have 



I f ^33 ] 

r Aiore than once been attended with z Jlurdy fet of followers 
trmed with clubs and other weapons, not as their guards, 
but ©ippofers, and perfccutors ; and who have not only me- 
naced and terrified, but a£(ually abufed and beat many of 
Chofe, who came to hear him, whom you, I fuppofe, would 
'€i9M their apoftle. Both Methodift preachers and Methodift 
l^earers too, for want of better arguments, have often felt the 
^vetght of fuch irreji/iible powerj which, literally fpeaking, 
Imath ftruclc many of them dumb; and I verily believe, had it 
^not bean for fdme fuperior invifible guard, muft have ftruck 
eliem dead. Thefe are all the fturdy fet of armed followers, 
%bat the Methodifts know of. Other guards, befides thofe 
^common to all chriftians, they defire none. And whatever 
^ou may unkindly infinuate, about my being aware of a tur- 
bulent fpirit, a fighting enthufiafm amongft them, becaufc 
1 (aid, '' I dread nothing more than the falfe zeal of my 
*.' friends in a fuffering hour ;" I think many years experience 

• $iay convince the world, that the weapons of their warfare, 
like thofe of their blefled Redeemer and his apoftles, have not 
been carnal : but' to God, however you may ridi- 

• i?ule his irrefiftible power, they have, through him, been 
mighty to the pulling down of Satan's ftrong- holds, in many 
4 fturdy (inner's heart. 

But to return to the church, where in reality the Me- 
thodift adventures were begun. Section 5th, page 15, you 
tell the world, ** that after they had traduced the clergy, as 
*' long as they were permitted to do it, in their own churches 
** and pulpits, in order to feduce their flocks, and collc<a a 
'•* ftaring rabble, (pretty language this, Sir,) they fet about 
*' this pious work of defamation more heartily in the fields.*' 
I was reading further, expefiing to find your parallel* But 
I fee it is wanting. Are the Methodifts then originals in 
this particular ? Or could you, among all the hiftories of your 
eminent faints, -find no inftances of St. Jnthony's^ St. Francis*s^ 
and St. Ignatius^s carrying on this pious work of defamation 
in their days ? Will you fufFer me to fupply the* deficiency^ 
by laying before you fome examples, which, though of art 
earlier date, may, by uhprcjudiced perfons, be efteemed a§ 
(iiitable, as any of a popiih extradion ? In the New Tcfta- 
outnt, (a book you feem to have laid afide, or at leaft little 


[ 234 ] 
ftdverted to^ wben writing your pdmphlet) we are informed^ 
That w)ien John Baptifly " faw many of the Pharifecs anil 
^^ Sadducees come to his baptifoi^ he faid untotheniyO gene^ 
^' ration of vipers, who hath warned you to flee fronti th# 
** wrath to come ?" The fame book telli us, that -St. Siiphmi 
being full of the Holy Ghojl^ and >within a few moments of hi^ 
death, faid to the whole Jewijh fanhedrin, " Ye ftiflP-ncckcrf 
^' and uncircumcifed in hearts and ears, ye d6 always refift 
*• the Holy Ghoft ; as your fathers didj fo do ye.'* And ouis 
Lord Jesus Christ himfelf, the mafler of both tbefe, in 
one chapter denounces no lefs than thirteen woes againfl thtf 
fcribcs and pharifees, whofe chief power of doing good, and 
promoting the common falvation, he well knew, depended 
jupon their charader, as much as any clergy in any age of 
the church whatfoever. Not that I would be underftood hf 
this to iniinuate, that all which .the Methodift preachers 
have fpoken againft the clergy, was fpoken in the fame Spi-*' 
lit, or with the like divine authority, as our Lord, hiar 
harbinger, and his protomartyr, fpoke. That would be car- 
rying the parallel too far indeed. There is generally much^ 
too much feverity in our iiril zeal. At leaft there was in 
mine. All i would therefore infer is this, that what fomtf 
(not to fay you. Sir,) may term *' Gall of bitternefs and 
*^ black art of calumny," may be nothing but an honeft tc^ 
ftimony againft the corruptions of a degenerate church, and 
may, without any degree of wickednefs, be fuppofed to 
come from the '* Spirit and power given from God."- If wc 
deny this, not only Ifaiab^ Jeremiah^ and almoft all the pro-* 
phets, but likewife Jesus Christ andhls Apoftles, muft 
be looked upon by us, (as I fuppofe they were by the mert 
in whofe day they lived) as great Jlanderers^ and dealing- 
much in this black art of calumny and defamation. 
, But, if tlie Methodifts have been fo much to blame, for 
carrying on this pious work of defamation, in the church and 
their journals ; will that authorife you in pra6iifmg the fame 
hlack art in your pamphlet ? Give me leave (fince you have 
taken that liberty with me) to gather fome of your flowers 
on this occafton. t 

'* This dangerous and prefumptuous fefi ; ftroling predi-* 
cants ^ itinerant enthufiads i oiethodillical enthufiafis^" with 



r 235 J 

jQsny other flowers of a like nature, though not of a very 
Scriptural fcent, may be picked off almoft every page of yout 
perf<Mrmancc, Upon the review of which, I fuppofc yoa 
will own, that you are at Jeaft even with the Methodifts. 
Only it muft be allowed, there is this difference ; you are tak* 
ing up a trade, which they, as far as I know to the contrary, 
hafe for fome time laid down. 

And why muft you difturb the dead on this occafion? Werq 
Aere not flowers enough to be gathered out of Mr. WefieyH 
Journal and mine, without calling up Mr. SnOard's ghoft (as 
yoo havein etk& done, by quoting his Journal) in order to 
terrify yo^rrcaftera? Good man ! He has long fince entered 
into liis reft^ and confequently cannot now anfwer for himfelf. 
Permit me to fpeak a word or two in behalf of my deceafed 
friend. He was certainly a ferious* warm chriftian, but (like 
his fellow-traveller) in the heat of his zeal, fpoke and wrote 
fome unguarded things. His treatment of Archbifhop 
TtUotftm^ was by far too fevere. We condemned his ftate, 
when we ought only in a candid manner, (which I would do 
again if called to it) to have mentioned what we judged wrong 
in hift'do£trines. I do not juftify it. I condemn myfelf mod: 
heartily, dnd afk pardon for it ; as, I believe, he would do, 
was he now alive. But then, do not you ftill go on. Sir, to 
iautate us in our faults : Let the furviving Methodifts anfwer 
for<^themfelves : let Seward and Tillotfon lie undifturbed. And 
if you think me blameworthy (as I certainly was) to write fo 
Jifrefpeftful of the one ; why fliould you, by making an ill- 
natured quotation, rake as it were into the very aflies of the 
dead, only for the poor gratification of digging up a flower, 
to blacken the memory of the other ? 

But to proceed. For feveral pages, you go on imitating us 
in this fame pious work of defamation. If you can bear to read 
your own words, I will tranfcribe a few of them ; feft. 6. p. 1 7. 
«' But though thefe ftrolling predicants have allured fome 
'^ itching ears, and drawn them afide by calumniating their 
^ proper paftors, they have fenfc enough to know the itch 
*' will go off, and their trade not continue long, unlefs they 
" can produce fomething novel or uncommon ; what the 
" wandering flieep have not been ufed to in their churches. 
5^ Therefore they muft find out, or rather revive fuch pecu- , 

♦^ liaritiesj 

C 236 ] 

*« Uaritles, «s liave formally attAded cnthufiafms, and aw 
•** moft likely to captivate the vulgar. Hciicc their" — Bitfl 
hold. Sir I — and l>efore you cufi yourfelf quite out of breathy , 
I inrreat you to ^op a Irttle, whilfl: I put to you one or two 
queftions. Believe you ihefe things o( the Methodffls ? t 
iuppofe you believe them : otherwife, Why aflcrt them fo 
ftrongly ? How then can you put even a perhaps to your fii^ 
pofitioh of their ^^ fetting out with a real mothe of iiuccre 
•• piety ? " Had not you beft alter the title of your «book, .oc 
at leaft make fome addition to it ? Let it run thus : *< Tfetf 
•* enthiffiafm and impcjiure of the Methodifts and PapHb 
** compared." For furcly, unlefs perfons were arrived at a 
very high degree of impofture, they could not purpofely (as 
you feem to infer they did) defign thefe diings^ 

By your leave, we will exanF>irve the evidence you prodiioef 
•in proof of thefe bold aflcrtions : ** The firft »eceflary point 
^^ for drawing followers, is to put on a fanSIified appiorancti 
•^ by a demure look, and precife behaviour, in difcourie or 
•* filence, in apparel and food j and other marks of external 
«« piety." Seft. 7. pag^iS. Again, fe<a. 8, page 20. *' At 
** firft, the Methodifts, as a Jbew of humility^ made it a point 
*' not to ride, either onhorfeback or in a coach, though oc- 
*' cafionally, and for convenicncy-fake, they have fmce 
" thought proper to deviate from their rule." Well, Sir^ 
you fee then they are not altogether incorrigible. Let them 
alone; and who knows but for their conv'eniency-fake, amf 
it may be from a deeper knowledge of the world, of them- 
felves, and of God, they may be reformed 'in fome other par- 
ticulars ? 

** Upon the fame account, you fay, feft. 9. page ibii. 
** fine cloaths and rich furniture ftand abfolutely condemned :" 
(not by me, it feems, for I find no quotations out of my 
Journals annexed) *' But oh ! (as a part or confequence of 
*' IthisJ how good and faint-like it is^ to go dirty, raggedy 
*' and flovenly ! And how pioufly did Mr. Whitefield there- 
•* fore take care of the outward man ! My apparel was 
** mean, &c." Seft. 10. page 21. Really, Sir, whilft I read 
this part of your performance^ I could' not help thrnkrng,- 
that a perfon of your turn of mind, would have been apt to 
have joined with tkofe* naughty boys, who, when they faw* 
5 that 

[ .237 ] 

Slat dcmttre, rough, hairy, flovenljr enthufiaft, called Elijah^' 
Followed after him, and cried,. ^' Go up, thou bald pate^ go.'% 
Or, if you had lived in John Baptijl's time, and feen hiia 
come preaching in ihe wildernefs, wiih a camel-hair garment^ 
and a leathern girdle about his loins ; efpecially if you had 
hcard^ that his meat was only )ocu(ls and wild honey ; would 
you not have been tempted, think you, to give in your verdiA 
sunongft thofe who faid, ^' He had a devil?" Know yoa 
Qot». that thefe are extremes which young awakened perbns 
are apt to run into when under a fenfe of fui, and influenced 
by what the Apoftle calls the fpirit of bondage ? Do I nofc 
fnention them as fuch ? And are. they not things which of 
themfelves fall oiF, when perfons are brought into the com*- 
forta of religion, and have received the fpirit of adoption^ 
thereby they cry, Abba, Father ? But I Ihall leave you at 
prefent, to make as merry as you will with the fanSified ap« 
pearanccs, and dirty ragged cloaths of thefe enthufiaftical Me-^ 
thodifis^ Let us pafs on to your iith fedlion, page 22. 
** Of this nature likewife, is their utter condemnation of ail 
** recreation^ in every kind and degree. Mr. Whitefield la- 
*^ m«nts,*' (indeed I do. Sir, even now I am grown older) 
^* that in his younger days he was not convinced of the abfo- 
^^ lute unlawfuJnefs of playing at cards, and of reading and 
** feeing plays." And if you are in advanced years, and a 
clergyman too, and are not convinced of the unlawfulnefs of 
cards, and can find time from your other fiudies and duties of 
your calling, to fee or read fuch plays as the generality of ours 
ar<, I think you ought to lament it too. For what fays our 
church in her 75th canon ? ^^ No ecclefiaftical perfons 
^' (hall at any time, other than for their honeft neceffities, 
** rcfort to any taverns or alehoufes ; neither fhall they board 
** or lodge in any fuch places. Furthermore, they (hall not 
^^ give themfelves to any bafe or fervile labour, or to drinking 
** «f riot^ fpcnding their time idly by day or night, playing 
** at dice^ cards^ or tablesj or any other unlawful game j but at 
*( all times convenient, they (ball hear or read fomewhat of 
** the Holy Scriptures, or (hall occupy themfelves with fom« 
^* other honeft ftudy or exercife, always doing the things 
^* which (hall appertain to honefty, and endeavouring to prodt 
f^ (he church of Gqd| having always in n^nd, that they 

** ought 

[ 238 ] 
" ought to excel all others in purity of life, and ftoiild W 
^' examples to the people to live well and chriftianiy, under 
*' pain of ecclefiaftical cenfures to be infiidled with fercrkjr, 
^ according to the qualities of their offences." O fri:itik 
jhall this once be ! 

In your 12th feS. page 24. you go on to rally thcfc ett- 
thufiaftical MetHodifts for their feeming contempt of mon^. Ati^ 
9gain, feft. 13. page 26. you fay, '* Another bait to catii^ 
«* admirers, and very common among enthufiafts, is a refllvr^ 
*^ impatience and infatiable thirft of travellings and underlain 
** ing dangerous voyages for the converfion of infidels i together 
** with a declared contempt of all dangers, pains, and fuffoT* 
** ings." And then, after drawing your ufual comparifon be-- 
tweeen thefe ehthufiaftical Methodifts and popiih faints, ybu^ 
make this judicious remark, '^ The windmill is indeed ii^ al^ 
*Mheir heads." ». - : 

Had I a mind to return your falfe and low wit^ I i|iigh0 
reply, *' There is a greater windmill in thine own ;" but a^ 
prefent, I am too ferious to make fport with my own detciy— 
jngs. Surely, Sir, you forget yourfelf, ^r you never wottld- 
write thus at random : for is there any thing, that the blclled" 
Author of our religion more recommends tb his difciples, than 
to *' take heed and beware of covetoufnefs,*' and to ** take 
heed, left at any time their hearts fhould be overcharged with 
furfeiting and drunkennefs, or the cares of this life ?** What 
faid St. Peter ? " Silver and gold have I none." What fays 
St. Paul? " But thou, O man of God, flee thefc things." 
And in refpefl: to contempt, and fufferings for the gofpel, does 
not our Lord command us to expedl, to prepare for, and re- 
joice in them ? Nay, does he not bid us to leap for joy^ and 
be exceeding glad, when we have all manner of evil fpoken 
againft us falfely for his name's fake ? In obedience to this 
cotnmand, did n»t the great Apoftte of the Gentiles declare, 
that he took pleafure in infirmities, in reproaches, in neceffi- 
ties, in perfecutions, in diftreffes for Christ's fake ? Did he 
not, like his Lord, go about doing good ? Was he not filled 
with* a holy reftlefs impatience and infatiable thirft of travel- 
lings and undertaking dangerous voyages for the converfion of 
infidels ? And had he not a declared contempt of all dangers, 
|>ains^ and fufferings, v^hen, lit^e.a trae chriftian hero, he faid 
3 ts 

[ ^^39 ] 
fo his mourning friends, « What mean ye fo ^eep and break 
«y heart ? I am ready not only to be bound, but to die al/o 
.for the Lord Jesus ?" Dare you. Sir, call the Apoftles en- 
thiifiafts ? Or thrnk you aU this was only a bah to catch ad- 
mirers ? And yet, what have you done lefs, by aflerting, 
thstt an infatiable thirft of travelling, &c. is very comrnoh 
among enthufiafts? I add, among our Lord and his Appr 
Ales a^lfo: and can we copy after more unexceptionable ex- 

: *.*« 3ttt the Methodrfts cotttempt of money is only z/eemwg 
i^ contempt ". That is more than you know. Here you arc 
again invading the divine prerogative. The great day will 
determine this. In the mean while, I would obferve to you, 
that whatever can be produced out of any of my writings, to 
prove that I have defired, or prayed for ill ufage, perfecution, 
martyrdom, death, &c. I retraiSl it with all my heart, as pro- 
ceeding from the overflowings of an irregular, though well- 
tneant zeal. However it might be with me formerly, I now 
find myfelf no ways difpofed to fay \vith Peter, " Though 
all men deny thee, yet will not I." Alas ! alas ! 'we know 
not what feathers we fhall be, when toflTed in the wind of 
temptation ! Sufferings for the caufe and crpfs of Christ, 
will come faft enough of themfelves, without our praying for 
them. But fliould the Method ifts be called even to die for 
the caufe in which they are embarked, as I am verily per- 
fuaded it is the caufe of God, fo I doubt not but fuffering 
grace will be given for fuffering times, and the Spirit of 
Christ and of glory will reft upon the fufferers fouls. 
« But it is time to follow you to your 14th feft. page 31. 
** The pious cruelty of corporal /event iesj or mortification by 
*f tormenting the fle(h, is another common method of gain- 
*f ing a rcputa.tion for fan£lity. Such as long and rigorous 
*' faftings, gafhing and flaying the body with fcourges, 
^ armed with roweJs and fhaFp tags, and rolling naked in 
^* thorns and thiftles.'* But'thefe laft particulars, you fay, 
<' Qur own difciplinartans cannot, in any tolerable meafure, 
<^ pretend to come up to." What occafion was there then 
for mentioning them ? Only to caft a popular odium uppn 
tbefe cnthufiaftical Methodifts. Hoc eji arugo mera. ** How- 

« ever, fomething of this kind we have from their own rela- 

- • • ' . w ^^ ^.^^„ 

[ 240 ] 
<< tion.'^ And fomething of this kind we have in the Sntr 

gclift's relation of the life of Jesus of Nazarttb ; who* «$ wp 
are informed, before he came out into his public nAwSopft 
underwent a long and rigorous fading, even of forty .dajps uA 
forty nights. And fomething of this kind we have intbe it* 
lation that difciplinarian the Apoftle Ptfv/ gives of himfelf | 
for he tells us he was in failings often. It is true be does oqih 
demn (as you obferve, p. 33.) that ifisJ'U ^iyLol^, the Mk 
fparing of the body, as ufelefs and fupeffiitious, when doM 
in order to recomgaend us to the favour of God, of putin 
the place, or joined with the merits of Jesus Christ* Yet 
: elfewhere, he informs us, that he made it his common pradicQ 
to keep his body under, {CnruvitLl^Ci) and bring it into fubgcc^ 
lion : and think you all this was only to '^ gain a reputatioti 
". for fanflity ?" If you will believe himfelf, it waa for a 
nobler and more important end, *^ Left while be preached to 
*^ others, he himfelf (hould be a caft-away.'* And how da 
you know but thefe Methodifts might, at their firft felting 
out, have ufed, and even now may ufe abftinence for the fame 
purpofe I Nay, that this very motiv/e led them into fome ex- 
tremes in it, which however muft be efteemed an errorof th^ 
right fide ? Why will you {lill perlift in taking the keys ou| 
of -the hands of Omnifcience, and prefumptuoufly judge the 
intentions of people's hearts i If we had a mind to imitate 
you in this rafh way of judging, might not we fufpedl, (39 
your pamphlet came out in th^t fe^afon) that in order to 
wound our church governors through the fides of the Metho^ 
difts, you intended this part of your pamphlet as a burlesque 
upon them, for enjoinipg fuch a long and rigorous fafting^ as 
that of forty days, commonly called Ltnt? 

I ibould now proceed, in order, to the examination of your 
I5tb, i6th, and ijth fedlions^ but as thefe, together with the 
the 19th, wholly refer to Mr. WeJJey^ I (hall leave you to hia 
corredlion, if he thinks proper to take you in hand., 
there is fomething fo extraordinary in your 17th fe£lion» that^ 
I think, it calls for a curfory remark. ^^ But, previous to 
*^ this elevated ftate, that we may not wander too far from 
<^ the faints progrefs, comes their converjicni which, as an- 
^* other inftance of fanatical peculiarities, they reprefent aa 
«( fudden and in^antaneom!^ Inilantaneous converfion, a 


[ m J 

fanatical peculiarity ! .1 prefume inftantaheous regerieratloft 
muft be a fanatical peculiarity alfo. What then becomes of 
that Diana of the prefent age^ baptifmal regeneration ? WhicH 
tnuft be ihftantaneousj and that always too, if every child i^ 
really regenerated when baptized ? 

But this only by the by. In your l8th fe£Hdhi pag^ 4^1 
you return to me. ** After thefe fudden converftonsy ufualiy 
" they receive their ajfurances of falvation ; and thefe (a$ alfo 
*• the proofs of their converfion) are certainly known, heard^ 
*' feen or felt ; they can afcertain the particular time and 
" place of their receiving them ; as fo many feals of the Spi*- 
" rit." Thefe you call, page 44. " PrefUmptuous imagina-^ 
" tions" Is aflurance of faith then, \h your opinion, a prd- 
fumptuous imagination ? For you not only ridicule the Me«a 
thodifts way of expreffing it, which in feveral refpefts may 
have been unguarded ; nor are you content with afferting^ 
that fome who really had not this aflurance, have prefumptu- 
oufly imagined they had it^ which we readily grant 5 for ther0 
is counterfeit as well as current coin: but you feetti to ex-* 
plode the thing itfelf. And yet you intend in this pamphlet^ 
to dravv a parallel between the Methodifts and Papifts. Could 
you give a greater proof of your fymbolizing with the Papifts 
yourfelf ? Or need you be informed^ that one grand article 
<>f the coutitil of Trent is this, ** That there is no fuch thing 
** as a perfon's knowing that his fins arc forgiven him, or be* 
** ihg aflured of his falvation 5" and that with good reafon : 
for if there be fuch a thing as being afllired of the forgivenefs 
^f Our fins by the internal teftimony^ whether mediate or im- 
niediate^ of the Spirit of God ; and if a perfon t>ught to be 
fatiified only with that, then how could the people be brought 
to believe in, and truft to the mere external verbal ahfolution of 
Qprieji? Our church, on the contrary^ in one of her homi- 
lies, fays, that a true faith ** is a fure truft and confidencef 
** in God, that by the merits of Christ, his fins are fof- 
'* given, and he reconciled to the favour of God/'' And. 
that the Scriptures every where promifc to believers, a fure 
and internal witnefs from the Spirit of GoD, to witnffe with 
their fpirits that they are his children, is fo evident, that he 
ivho runs may read. What fays our Lord ? ** He that be- 
Jieveth in me^ out of his belly (hall flow rivers of living water." 
' Vol. IV. Q^ ^ Tbii 


r H2 1 

*i*his fpake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on hitdi 
ihould receive." What fays St. Paul? " Becaufe ye arc fons^ 
** God hath fent forth the Spirit of his Son into yo^r hearts^ 
*' crying, Abba, Father. The Spirit itfelf beareth witnefs ^- 
*' with our Spirit, that we are the children of God." Saith I 
another, " He that believeth hath the witnefs in himfelf." li 
' And a third exhorts all *' to give diligence to make their jU 
calling and eledlion fure." Art thou a mafter in Ifraely a pro- ^ 
teftant minifter, and a minifter of the Church of England^ and » 
knoweft not thefe things ? ^ 

But to come nearer to a clofe. Your 20th feSion is in- a 
troduced thus: *' And where will thefe bold enthufiaftsy?^/>.^" b< 
I anfwer for oiie, in order to relieve both myfelf and you, even « 
hiffj Sir. And without giving you the trouble of taking a ■ 
flight after us to heaven, from whence, you fay, page 48. c 
*^ Thefe methodiftical enthufiafts have taken the facred light c 
i ** and fire, in order to compafs efFecStually their own, and .t 
** others delufion," I will freely and readily acknowledge, jc 
that you and others have had too much occafion for refIe£lion, ' 1 
by feveral things that have been unwarily dropped up and down 1 
in my Journals. 1 

Thefe, you inform us in your preface, are what you have 1 1 
chiefly confulted. In this you have aded wifely enough for 1 ' 
your purpofe; though whether candidly or not, I will leave I 
you and the world to judge, fmce there were later writings ■ 
of minej which might as eafily have been procured. My ;. 
Journals were fome of my moft early performances^ wrote too 
in the very heights of my firft popularity (which is apt to make 
the ftrongeft head run giddy) in the midft of which, perfons 
very often do things^ which after-experience and riper judg- 
ment teach them to correal and amend. 

This is true^ however, in refpeft to myfelf; and, to con- 
vince you that this is the real language of my heart, and not 
extoi'ted froni me by your pamphlet, I will lay before you an 
cxtraft of a letter written by me to a worthy friend in Souths 
Carolina^ in my late return from Bermudas^ and publifhed^ 
with very little alteration, in Scotland months ago ♦. 

* Vide the Letter at full lengthy vol. ii. p. 143. 


On hoard tbi Brigg Betfey^ June 24, 1748. 
^^ keliennd Sir^ 

iofci— VESTERDAY I made an end of revifing all my 
Ssj^ Journals. Blcfled be God for letting me have leifure 

IdNo do it. I purpofe to have a new edition before 1 fee America. 
d^Alas ! alas I in how many things have I judged, and aded 
pf-Wrong ! I have been too rafli and hafty in giving charadlers 
if^oth of places and pcrfons. Bieing fond of fcripture Ian- 
* guage, I have often uC^^d a ftyle too apoftolical, and at the 
if fame time I have been too bitter in my zealj wild-fire has^ 
f\ been mixed with it; and I find that I have frequently vi^ritten 
i« and fpoken too much in my own fpirit^ when I thought I was 
g. writing and fpeaking entirely by the affiftance of the Spirit 
4! of God. I have likewife too much made impreffions, with^- 
>fc: out the written word, toy rule of adding j and too foon, and 
LD€ too explicitly, publiflied what had better been kept in Jonger^ 
r^v or left to have been told after my deat^. By thefe things^ I 
B, have given fome wrong touches to God*s ark, hurt tb^iblefled 
E tcaufc I would defend, and ftirred up needlefs oppofitibn4 This 
has humbled me much fince I have been on board, and mad^ 
t me think of a faying of Mr* Henry's^ *' Jofeph had more honejly 
r •' than he hstd policy^ or he never would have told his dreams.'* 
e At the fame time, I cannot but blefs, and praife, and mag- 
nify that good and gracious God, who imparted to me fo 
much of his holy fire, and carried me^ a poor weak youth, 
through fuch a torrent both of popularity and contempt, and 
i fet fo many feals to my unworthy miniftrations. I blefs him 
for ripening my judgdftent a little more, for giving me to fee, 
confefs, and I hope in fome degree to corre<9; and amend fome 
of its miftakes. I thank God for giving me grace to embark 
in fuch a blefled caufe, and pray him to give me ftrength to 
hold on, and increafe in zeal and K)ve to the end. Thus, 
dear Sir^ I have unburdened my heart to you. I lobk upqu 
you to be my Fidus Achates^ and therefore deal thus freely* 
If I have time and freedom before we land, I think to begin 
and write a (hort account of what has happened for thtfe fevea 
years laft paft;^ and when I get on fhore, God willing, I 
purpofe to revife and correft the firft part of my life/^ 

di ThU 

[ 444 1 
This 1 am now about, and when finifhed, (hall fend 5/ 
into the world, I hope in a more unexceptionable drei^^ 
though I am fully fatislied before-hand, that write or fpe^^ 
of the things of God as unexceptionably as may be, they w -^ 
be always efteemed foolifhnefs by the natural man, becau -^ 
they can only be fpirJtually difcerned. However, the way ^^ 
duty is the way of fafety. Let me but be found in tha -^ 
and I can then chearfuliy leave the confequences with Goin:* 
In the mean while, I thank you. Sir, for pointing out to m^^ 
a very wrong expreflion in the lafl part of my life. My word^^ 
are thefe ; *' I could no longer walk on foot as ufual ; bu^- 
*' was con drained to go in a coach, to avoid the Hofannd*^ o ^ 
«' the multitude." Your remark runs thus, fe<ft. 8. page 20^ ^ 
*' Very profane^ unlefs it be a falfe print for huzza^s" I coul(K= 
wifli it had been fo ; but the word was my own ; and thought 
rot intended to convey a profane idea^ was very wrong andK 
unguarded, and I defire may be buried in oblivion, unlefs you, ^ 
or fome other kind perfon, axe pleafed to remind me of ir,^ 
in order to. lay me low before God and man, 

A review of all this, together with my having dropped fome 
too ftrong expreffions concerning ahfolute reprobation-^ and more 
efp^cially, my mentioning Mr. Wejleys cafting a lot on a pri- 
vate occafion, known only to God and jburfelves, have put 
me to great pain. Speaking of this laft, you fay, page 75. 
*' A more judicious fentimenty perhaps, never dropt from Mr. 
*' Whitefield's pen." I believe, Sir, the advice given was right 
and good ; but then it was wrong in me to publifti a private 
tranfadlion to the world ; and very ill judged, to think the 
glory of God could be promoted by unneceffarily expofing 
my friend. For this I have afked both God and him pardon 
years ago. And - though I believe both have forgiven me, 
yet I believe I (hall never be able to forgive myfelf. As it 
was a public fault, I think it fhould be publicly acknowledged; 
and I thank a kind providence for giving me this opportunity 
of doing it. 

As for the letters^ out of which you, and the author of the 
*' Obfervations on the conduct and behaviour of the Metho^ 
dijis^^ have taken fo marty extracts, I acknowledge that many 
things in them were very exceptionable, though good in the 

main ; 

[ 245 ] 

mila; and therefore they have been fuppreffed fomc time. 

Cofting loisy I do not now approve of, nor have I for fevcral 

3^Mrs; neither do I think it a Wq way (though pradifed, I. 
^laubt not, by many good men) to make a lottery of the Jcrip^ 
^tures^ by dipping into them upon every occafion. 

And now, Sir, I am fomewhat prepared to hear what fol-n 

-^om in your 48th page. " Nothing lefs than infpiratlonSj 

^^ revelations^ illuminations^ and all the extraordinary and im^ 

^* mediate a£):ions of all the perfons in the facred Trinity y will 

^^ ferve their turn. So that now every flafh of zeal and devo-i 

"*' tion ', every wild pretenfion, fcheme, tenet, and over-bear^ 

^' ing diSate ; impulfes, impreffions, feelings, impetuous 

^' tranfports and raptures ; intoxicating vapours, and fumes 

^* of imagination ; phantoms of a crazy brain, &c. all are 

" afcribed, with an amazing prefumption, to the extraordi- 

^* nary interpofition of heaven fetting its fcal to their mif- 

♦' fion." 

Judge you now, Sir, whether I am one of thofe,.of whom 
you are pleafed to fpeak thus, page 49. '^ In (hort, what- 
"cver they think, fay, or do, is from God ; and whatever 
" oppofeth, and (lands in their way, is from the Devil." No, 
Sir, .my "miftakes have been too many, and my blunders too 
frequent, to make me fet up for infallibility. I came foon 
into the world; I have earried high fail, whilft running 
through a whole torrent of popularity and contempt ; and, by 
this means, have fometimes been in danger of overfetting. 
But many and frequent as my miftakes have been, or may be, 
as I have no part to acSl:, if I know any thing of my heart, 
but to promote God's glpry, and the good of fouls, as foon 
as I am, made fenfible of them, they (hall be publicly acknow- 
ledged and retraced. 

At the fame time, I (hould lie againft reafon, fcripture, and 
above fourteen years experience, if I denied, that God has 
been pleafed, from time to time, to vouch fa fe me comfortable 
affijiame and Jupports^ or that a great and glorious work (if 
the converfion of fouls may be termed fo) has been begun, and 
is now carrying on in thefe, and feveral other parts of the 
world, by the inftrumentality of thofe whom you ftile enthu- 
fiaftical Methodifts. . • 

Q.3 .. Indeed j 

I H« ] 

* Indeed, the ingenious author of the ** Confiderations upo9 
•* the converfion and apoftlefliip of St. Pauly* fpeaking of thd 
enthufiafm that appears not»*dnly in the lives of fomc entha** 
jfiaftical heretics, but even fome of the methodifts now, vcn^ 
turcs to fay, that '* all the divine communications , iliuniHna- 
" tions, and cxtacies to w'hich they have pretended, evidently 
*^ fprung from much felf-conceit, working together with the 
^ vapours of melancholy upon a warm imagination." TKstt 
the mentioning thefe <iivrne communications fo freely to thfe 
world, rnigh^ be mixed with fome degrees of unobferved vani- 
ty, or want of caution, may be probj^ble. But roimdiy to 
nflert, that all their communications were only pretended^ and 
fprung from no other fources but felf-conceit, vapours of mcf 
^ncholy, and a warm iinagination, is I think unbecoming fo 
young a ccnvert as that author, is a blemi& to his perfermancej^ 
dhd a miftake which, I truft, he himfelf will be happily cdn? 
vinced of, when he comes to experience more of the power 
<)f that Redeemer's refurreflion, which the Apoftle, of whofe 
converfion he i(i th^ main fo excellently treats, longed fo 
jfnuch to know. 

Without running fuch lengths in judging others, or need« 
lefsly fearing to be accounted enthufiafts or methodifts our- 
felves ; when writing in defence of chriftianity, I think we 
may rationally allow, that there may be much light and 
afliftance given from Gop, though at the fame time fome« 
^hing of our own imaginations may poflibly be blended with 

This I take to be true with refpeft to the Methodifts, 
^hat imagination has mixed itfclf with the work, cannot be 
denied ; and is-^no more than what muft necefl&rily be cxpeA- 
cd 5 for whoever faw fire without fome fmoke ? but that the 
work itfelf is of Gop ; and as good Biftiop Latimer faid, when 
the papifts laid a lighted faggot ^t Dr. Ridley's feet, fo we 
may venture to affirm, '* 2^ candle is lighted in England 
(through the inftrumentality of the Methodifts,} which will 
pot eafily be put out." 

The dodlrines which they chiefly infift upon, are the great 

doSrJnes of the reformation : " That man is very far gone 

f ! from original righteQufnefs. Th^t he cannot turn and pre- 

3 ' ^*par? 

[ 247 ] 
** pare himfelf by his own natural ftrength and good worUlf 
** to faith and calling upon God. That we are accounted 
"righteous before God, only for the merit of our Lord and 
*^ Saviour Jesus Christ, by faith, and not for our own 
" works or defervings. That albeit good works, which arc 
*' fruits of faith, and follow after juftification, cannot put 
"^ay our fins, and endure the feverity of God's judgment} 
"yet are they pleafing and acceptable to God in Christ, 
"and do fpring out neceflarily of a true and lively faith; 
"infomuch that by them a lively faith may be evidently 
"known, as a tree is difcern^d by its fruits.*' Thefc.are 
doiSrines as diametrically oppofite to the church of Rome^ as 
light to darknefs. They are the very doflrines, for which 
Ridley^ Latimer^ Cranmer^ and fo many of our firft reformers 
were burned at the flake. And I will venture to fay, are 
doctrines which, when attended with a divine energy, and 
preached with power, ^' without taking to their affiftance the 
'* feveral arts of management and craft,'* always have, and al- 
ways will, maugre all oppofition, make their way through the 
world, however weak the inftruments that deliver them may 
be, and whatever offences and divifions about fome nun-effin'^ 
tiaU may arife among themfelves. 

Thefe are things which always did, and always will happen 
in the pureft ages of the church. Paul and Barnabas were 
permitted not only to fall out, but to feparate from each other, 
merely on account of a difpute that arofe about taking with 
them one yohn^ whofe furname was Mark. And yet this was 
over-ruled for the furtherance of the gofpel. There was an" 
inceftuous perfon in the church of Corinth^ when under even a 
truly apoftolical infpeflion. And to what heights the conten- 
tions arofe between Luther^ Calvin^ and Zwinglius^ at thcJ firft 
dawnings of the reformation, about predeftination and the 
facrament ; and that of Bifliop Cranmer^ Ridley^ and Hooper^ 
many years after, about the veftments, is too notorious to be 
mentioned. It muft needs be, that fuch offences come, whilft 
good men carry about With them the remainders of indwelling 
fin, prejudices of education, blindnefs in their underftandings, 
and have an artful enemy always near at hand, and always ready 
to blow up the coals of contention. In order to raife a fmoke, 

0^4 whereby 

C 248 3 

igrhelreby be may blacken or blemifh the work of Gop. Th^^ 
blefled Jesus wifely permits fuch things, to cure us of fpiritua. J 
prifie, to remind us of tbe nec^ffity of looking to himfeif, to 
feach us to ceafe froip man, by convincing us, that the hc(k 
of men are but oien at the bcft, to inure us to Ibng-fufFering 
^nd forbearance one towards another, to excite in us a rpor^ 
eager defire after heaven, where thefe diforders wijl be at art 
end, and for a more glorious difplay of his infinite wifdonft 
and power at the day of judgment; when be will convince th« 
wondering world, that in fpite of all the fubtlety, malice, and 
rage of his enemies, together with the weakneffes, blindnefles, 
^nd jarrings of his friends, he has fully accomplifhed tl;a|: 
glorious work, for which he came to (hed his blood; I mean 
the renewal of a multitude of fouls, which no pan can 
number, opt of every nation, language, and tongue, by 
making them partakers of his righteopfnefs, and, through the 
powerful operations of his blefled Spirit, bringing them back 
to, and je-inftamping upon them that divine image, \n which 
'tbey were originally created. 

To awaken a drowfy world to a fenfe of this, to rgufc them 
Pftt of their formality, ^s well as profanenefs, and put them 
upon feeking after a prefent and great falvation, to point out 
to them a glorious reft, which not only remains for the people 
of God hereafter, but which by a living faith the very chief 
of fmners may enter into even here, and without which the 
moft blazing profeflion is nothing worth ; is, as far as I know* 
the one things the grand and common point, in which alj the 
Methodifts endeavours do center. 

This is what fome of all denominations want to be reminded 
of; and to ftir them up to feek after the life and power of god- 
linefs, that they may be chriftians not only in word and profef- 
fion, but in fpirit apd in truth, is^ and, through Jesus Christ 
ftrengthening me, fhall be the one fole bufinefs of my life, 
*' As for all thofe (as one exprefles it) who are for clipping 
^* the wings of the myftic dove, and for confining the power 
, *' and Spirit of Gop within tbe bounds of human ejlahrtjlmients^ 
** I am well aware of what oppofition I muft continue to meet 
** with ". m that quarter. But blefled be God, (here are 
f ^ fome few amongft us that are pien of greater latitude, who 

^* can 

[ 249 ] 

^* can think, and dare fpeak, more worthily of God*s fove- 

♦* reignty, and acknowledge a work to be his, though it be 

♦* not according to the exa£l meafure of canonical fitnefs.** 

Amongfl: thefe, I fliall be fure to find hearty friends and welU 

^vifhers. And if by others of oaore confined principles, I am 

for this accounted an enthufiaft, papift, or any thing elfe, they 

or you are very welcome to confer that, or any other title, 

wpon, Sir, 

Your very humble fervant, 

G. W. 

A N 


Expoftulatory Letter, 





Lord Advocate oftheUNiTAsFRATRUMt 

OfooUJb GalattanSj who bath bewitched you ? GaU iii. i, 

i .. II 

t 253 ] 

AN • ^ 

Expoftulatory Letter, ^c. 

London^ Jpril 2^^ I7S3« 
My Lord^ 

ALTHOUGH I am pcrfuaded, that nothing hath a 
greater tendency to ftrengthen the hands of infidels, 
than too frequent altercations between the profeflbrs of 
chriftianity; yet there are certain occafions, therein the ne- 
ceflary defence of the principles of our holy religion, as well 
as the pradtice of it, renders public remonftrances of the 
greateft ufe ai>d importance. The facred pages afford" us 
many examples of this nature. When Aaron was prevailed 
on by tjie IfraeltteSy to make a golden calf, and offer facrifice 
to it, what an holy indignation did Mofes exprefs againft him 
and them ? When Peter and Barnabas were carried away 
with the diffimulation of the Jews^ how openly did the A|^o- 
ftle Paul withftand them to the face, and reprove them before 
all, ** Becaufe they were to be blamed ? " And when this 
fame Apoftle faw the churches of Corinth and Galatia in dan- 
ger of being drawn away from the fimplicity of the gofpel, 
what a fervent teftimony did he bear againft the authors and 
abettors of fuch a dcftru£live ffcheme ? 

I mention thefe inftances, my Lord, becaufe I hope they 
will ferve as a fuiRcient apology for my troubling your Lord- 
(hip with this letter. For thefe many years paft, have I been 
a filent, and I truft I can fay, an impartial obferver of the 
progrefs and effefts of Moravianifm^ both in England and 
America ; but fuch (hocking things have been lately broiight 
to our ears, and offences have fwelled to fuch an enormous bulk, 
that a real regard for my king and my country, and, if I am 
not greatly miftaken, a difinterefted love for the evcr-bleffed 
Jesus, that King of kings, and the church which liie hath 
1 fifirchafed 


purchafed with his own blood, will not fuffcr mc to he filcftf 
any longer. 

Pardon me, therefore, my Lord, if iit length, though with 
great regret, as the Searcher of hearts knows, I am con- 
brained to inform your Lordihip, that yoUy together with 
ibme of your leading brethren^ have been unhappily inftrumen- 
tal in mi/guiding many real, fimple, honeft-hearted chriftians ; 
of drftfejfing^ if not totally ruining numerous families, and in- 
troducing a Vi\io\^ farrago of fupcrftitious, not to fay idolatrous 
fopperiesy into the Englijh nation. 

For my own part, my Lord, notwithftanding the folio that 
was publiflied (1 prefume under your LordfliipV dire^ion) 
about three years ago, I am as much at a lofs as ever, to know 
what were the principles and ufages of the ancient Mdravian 
church ; but if flie was originally attired in the fame garb, in 
which fhe hath appeared of late amongft many true-hearted 
though deluded proteftants, fhe is not that Ample, apoftoiical 
church the Englijh brethren were made to beheve about tweJve 
years ago. Sure I am, that we can* find no traces of many of 
bcr prefent praftices in the yet more ancient, I mean the pri- 
mitive churches, and which we alj know^verc really under an 
immediate and truly apoftolical infpe£tion. 

Will your Lordfhip be pleafed to give me leave to defcend 
to a few particulars ? Pray, my Lord, what inftances have 
we of the firft chriftians walking round the graves of their 
deceafed friends on Eajler-day^ attended with hautboys, trum- 
pets, french-horns, violins, and other kinds of mufical inftru- 
naents I Or where have we the leaft mention made of pidlures 
of particular perfons being brought into the firft cbriftian af* 
femblies, and of candles being placed behind them, in order 
to give a tranfparent view of the figures ? Where was it ever 
known, that the pifture of the Apoftle Paul^ reprefenting 
him handing a gentleman and lady up to the fide of Jesus 
Christ, was ever introduced into the primitive love-feafts ? 
Or do we ever hear, my Lord, of incenfe^ or fomething like 
it, being burnt for him, in order to perfume the room before 
he made his entrance among the brethren ? Or can it be fup- 
pofed that he, who, together with Barnabas^ fo eagerly repelled 
the LycapnianSy when they brought oxen and garlands in order 
to facrifice unto them^ would ever have fuiFered fuch things to 



I ^55 1 
be done for hiniy without expreifing his abhorrence and <ie-* 
teftation of them ? And yet your Lordfliip knows both thefe 
kave been done for you, and fufFered by you, without your 
having ihewn, as far as I can hear, the leaA diflike *. 

Again, my Lord, I beg leave to enquire, whether we hear 
any thing in fcripture of eldrefles or deaconeiTes of the apo- 
fiolical churches feating themfelves before a table, covered 
with artificial flowers, and againft that, a little altar fiirrounded 
with wax tapers, on which flood a crofs, compofcd either of 
mock or real diamonds, or other glittering ftones ? And yet 
your Lordfhip muft be fenfible chis was done in FeiUr'iang 
chapel, for Mrs. Hannah Nitfchman^ the prelent general eldf^fs 
of your congregation, with this addition, that all the fibers 
were feated, cloathed in white, and With German caps; the 
organ alfo illuminated with three pyramids of wax tapers, 
each of which was tied with a red ribbon j and over the head 
of the general Eldrefs, was placed her own picture, and over 
that [horrefco referens) the pidure of the Son of God. A 
goodly fight this, my Lord, for a company of Englijh pro- 
teftants to behold ! Alas ! to what a long feries of chiJdifli 
and fuperftitious devotions, and unfcriptural impofitions, muft 
they have been habituated, before they could fit filent and 
tame ipcflators of fuch an antichriftian fcene. Surely, had 
Gidson^ though but an Old Teftament faint, been prefenr, he 
would have rifen and pulled down this, as he formerly did hig 
father's altar. Or had even that meek man Mofes been there, 
I cannot help thinking, but he would have addreiTed your 
I^ordfhip, partly at leaft, in the words with which he addrefled 
his brother Aaron^ '' What did this people unto thee, that 

♦ I might here take notice of the married women's being ordered to 
xft^x blue knots, the fingle women pink, and thofe that are juft mar- 
riageable, pink and white j the widows that are paft child-bewng, to 
•wear white, and thofe that are not fo, blue and white knots 5 and alfo 
of the iptfcopal knot of Mrs. Hannah Nitfcbmaity (who is, I am informed, 
the prefent general Eldrefs of the congregation) which is fometimes of 
a purple, and fometimes of a rofe colour. Thefe, with many other 
fanciful things, might be confidered 5 but my mind at prefent is too full 
if concern to dwell upon any thing but what more immediately ftrikei . 
at the welfaie of fociety, and what hath a ftill more fatal tendency to 
di*a\y away unwary fouls from the fitmplicity of the gofpel. Would to 
Ooi> I could ivith a fafe confcicnce be cxcufed even from this ! 

« thou 

t i56 ] . 

<* thou haft introduced fuch fuperilitious cuftoms ai2ioi!| 
« them*?" 

But this is not all : I have another queiftion to propofe to 
your Lordftiip. Pray;, my Lord, did any of the ApoflUi ot 
leaders of the primitive churches, ever ufurp an autborityi. 
not onJy over people's confciences, but their properties alfo ? 
Or draw in the members of their refpedJive congregations to 
difpofe of whole patrimonies at once, or to be bound for 
thoufands of pounds more than they well knew they were 
worth ? And yet your Lordftiip knows this has been 
done again and again, in order to ferve the purpofes of the 
brethren for feveral years laft pad ; and that too, at, or vcrjr 
near the time, when, in order to procure an aft in their favour 
to go abroad, (which now appears to be rather a fcheme to 
fettle at home) they boafted to an Englijh parliament, how 
immenfely rich they were f. 


♦ A like fccne to this vvns exhibited by the /ingle brethren, in a room 
of their houle at Hatton Garden, One of them, who helped to furniffi 
it, gave me the following account. The floor was covered with fand 
and mofs, and in the middle of it, was paved a ftar of different co<i 
loured pebbles, upon that was placed a gilded dove, which fpouted watef 
out of its mouth into a vtfTel prepared for its reception, which was cti'> 
rioudy decked with artifici^^l leavts and flags ; the room was hung with 
mofs and fliells ; the Count, his Ton, and ibn-In-law, in honour of 
whom all this was done, with Mrs. Hannah Nitfchmany and Mr. Petet 
Boehler, and foine other lahoureis, were prefent. Thefe were feated 
under an alcove, fupporied by columns made of pafteboard, and over 
their heads was painted an oval, in imitation of marble, containing the 
cyphers of Count Zinzcndojff^s family. Upon a fide-table, was a Httlc 
altar covered with fhells, and on each fide of the altar was a blooJy 
heart, out of, or near which proceeded flames. The room was illunji- 
nated with wax tapers, and muficians placed in an adjacent apartmcnff 
while the company performed their devotions, and regaled themfelvea 
with fweet-meats, coffee, tea, and wine. After this the labourers de- 
parted, and the fingle brethren were admitted in. I am told, that moft, 
if not all of thtfe leading perfons were prefent alfo at the celebration of 
Mrs. Hannah Nitfchman^s biith-day. 

f M. Rimius, aulic counfellor to the late King of Pruffla, in a trca- 
tifc he htely publifhed, I think makes it plainly appear, that the agenttf 
for the Moravian affairs, have mifinformed the parliament in feveral re- 
fpe6>s, and upon the whole, treated that auguft body little better than 
the Gibeonitijb ambafladors once treated Jojbua^ tht captaift 6f fh< 

Yoiir Lordfkip cannot but be fenfible^. that at this prcfent 
ime you ftand indebted to fundry perfons to the value of forty 
ihoufand pounds fterling ; and unlefs fotne of your brethren 
bad agreed to ftay fix years for about twenty thoufand pounds^ 
jueto them j (though after the expiration of that term, as 
tbey have no fecurity, in all probability they will bejuft 
Where they are now) and if the other creditors alfoj upon 

LoREi's hoft. To this I refer the reader. Itis -Written with great can- 
kruFi and contains fuch inconteftable proofs of tlie many dangeMis 
)rinciples and praftices of the leading brethren^ that muft, I think, con- 
brain all that read it to fay, " My foul, come not thou into their fecret^ 
* and to their afTembly, mine honour be not thou united.'* 

i fuppofe it was a confcioufnefs of this, that induced Mr. Cojart, on« ^ 
»f the Count's chief agents, to fuggeft te Mr. Liftde fome time before fts 
mbiication, that it would be as good as three hundred pounds in hia 
way, if Mr. Rimius^s book could be fuppreffed. This looks bad ; but 
[ think it was ftili worfe in another of the brethren roundly to affirm, in 
t)rder to quiet fome who were diffatisfied by reading this book, " that 
" the author of the above-mentioned treatife, was one that perfonated 
" Mr. RimiuSy and that the whole was lies." Now they cannot but 
know^ that this gentleman refides in Oxenden-ftreet^ and addrefled hi» 
book to his Grace the Lord Archbifliop of Canterbury ^ by perm iffion, and 
that he proves almoft every wor/d he fays, from the brethren's own writ- 
ings. The above-mentioned brpther was pleafed to add, <* that the real 
** M. Rimius was a friend, and therefore would not Write againft them." 
t anfwer, that I verily believe he therefore wrote, as God knows 1 do^ 
bccaufe he is ^friend -y or to ufe his own words, ** from a ftrift regard 
** to truth, juftice, and the public good." And I think, if inftead of 
.Adding fin to^fm, by continuing ftill to mifguide, enflave, and put out 
the eyes of niany of God"s dear children^ who, I am perfuaded, know- no 
Jllore of their fecret myfteries and intended purpofes, than thofe who nc- 
"Ver heard of them at all, it would fliew a much better fpirit in the leading 
brethren, either publicly to refute, or ingenuoufly confefs, and amend 
the things laid to their charge. This is what God and, the world may 
Jujftly require at their hands, and without this, I cannot fee how they 
can expeft any future bleffing froni above ; fmce the wifeft of men hath 
iold usj ** He that covereth his fins fiiall not profper, but whofo con- 
^'fefleth.and forfaketh them (hall have mercy." Grant us aill this mercy^ 
leavenly Father, for thy dear Son's fake ! 

As I am not perfonally acquainted with Mr. RimiuSf I take this oppor- 
tanity of informing him, that it is the dcfire of many, the Latin appen- 
dices may be tranftated into Englijh, and the who«le printed in a fmalf 
edition, in order to make it more extenfively izfcfui. 

Vol. IV. . K confidecaUoa ' 


t 258 Jl 

confideration of feme bonds given, and mortgages made * fei 
principal and intereft, had not agreed to ftay four years, (er, 
twen^.one thoufand pounds more, many of the Englijh br«^ 
thren, who, out of I know not what kind of infatuattoir. 
have not only given their ail, hut have been bound for thou-^ 
fands more than they are able to pay, mud either have imoi^- 
'diately become bankrupt^, and thereby the creditors perhaps, 
not have had a (hilling in the pound, or have been obliged 
to fhut up their ihops, go to prifon, or be turned out:ioC( 
||y wide world, to the utter ruin of themfelves and h^ 
. mtlies. 

The diftrefs and anguifh^of mind that hundreds have beer 
Involved in upon this very account, is, I believe^ unfpeak 
able f . And the bare reflexion upon it, whilft I am writing 
makes my heart almoft to bleed within me. Who, who, bu 


• The buildings in Yorkjbirey Bedfordjbire, &c. Befidcs this, there ai 
fome thoufands due to others upon bond,, and many thoufands to a p^ 
ticular gentleman, for which the Count has mortgaged one of the Ga 
man fetflements ; I think it is Marienburg. 

f Since my writing this, I have been told of a very fingular expedi 
cnt made nfe of by Mr. Peter Boebler, one of the brethren's bifbop 
in order to ftrengthen the faith, and to raife the drooping fpirits of M 
William Bell, who hath been unhappily drawn in (with feveral others) t 
be. one of their agents. It was this : It being lAuBeW% birth«da]i, 1 
was fent for from his houfe in Ne^viVs- alley. Fetter-lane ; but for a whS 
having had fome words with Mr. Boehler, he refufed to come ; at lengi 
he complied, and was introduced into a hal], in the fame alley, whe 
was placed an artificfal mountain, which, upon fmging a particular veri 
was made to fall down, and then behind it was difcovered an ^lumin 
tion, reprefenting Jesus Christ and Mr. Bell, fitting very near, 
embracing each other ; and out of the clouds was alfo reprefented plen 
of money falling round Mr. Bill and the Saviour. This ftcry appear 
to me fo incredible at the iirft hearing, that, though I could not dou 
the veracity of the relator, yet fearing he might be mifinform^d, I fc 
for him again, and he aiTured me, that Mr. Bell told this ftory himf< 
ibme time ago in company, and a perfon of good reputation of that coi 
pany related it to an acquaintance of mine. May. Goo grant him a 
all others who have been undefignedly concerned, a more fure and ftal 
prop for their faith, even his own word, in which he caufes his peo] 
to truft I then, and not till then, even upon the greateft emergenc 
they may without any fanciful reprefentations, boldly fay, " Who ; 
« thou, O great mountain ? before the Lorb Jesus, our all conqw 
*^ ing Zerubbabel, thou (lialt become a plain.'* 

I themfelvc 

'ttemfelv«i my Lofd, can tell the' fafe ^'jJerpiexify of tlicfl^ 
Aiiids, who haVe been alreiidy kr/eftedi of obliged to break 
dff their refpeftive jiiifrnerffiips ?''Or^hat words carf expreft 
thfe great concerh, which Mr. Freman and Mr. Thomas 'Grace 
teuft have been neceflarily under, when they found that bills 
lisd been drawn in their name, unknown to them, io tfab 
value of forty-eight thoufand pouildsf* And how ^itiatbli^^ 
my Lord, muft the prefent circumftanccs of yt)iihg* Mr. 
'Rhodes be, who, to ftop a little of the sibdve- mentioned gap, 
was prevailed oil, (your Lordihip knOWd bjr whom,*) ablMft 
eighteen mohths ago, to fell his eftate of above four hundred 
pounds a yeaf,' and went dr was fent ofF very -lately, a(s I 
am afiured, to Frakce^ (leaviiig a deftitute ttothet beHlhd him) 
and only with tweinty-five poundsf, for the payiilent of which 
he left his watch. Bureau^ hoi-fe and fadfllfe ? f 

Th^fe are but a few inftances, my Lord, amdngft mahy, 
iiideied too too many, that might be given. The brethrer^'s 
kgents, and thofe Concerned with them, ean beft tell what 
horrid equivocations, untruths and low artifices baVc been 
ufed, to pirocure fnoney, at high intereftj wherever it was 
io be had, \ii order to keep up the brethren's crddit ; smd iti 
tfiat poor lam^ maiinei-, it hath been kept up for a tohfiderablc 

* THis Mr. Grace tdld me himfelf in pi^Hc comjfiny | fie atnd Mr» 
Tnemwi do li?e in nrogmortm-ftreeti 

t The cafe of this Mr. Rhodes is very fmgular. He was cl^ mean birth 
and occupation, but upon the unexpe6led falling of many lives, becamt 
ftiddenly pofTefred of an eftate of above four hundred pounds a vear j and 
io fenre the brethren, after many importunities, h^ Was induced to dfC- 
pbfe of it. Mr. Lee the banket* purchafed it, arid MefTrs. freeman and 
GrAce received fix thoufand pounds of the money towards what was due 
to them : befides this, Mr^ Rhodes was bound for many thoufattds more; 
This made him very uneafy, and fearing the confequence, he one after«^ 
ik>on, a1>out ten weeks ago, ftole ah interview with two fingle brethren^ 
ind befeeched theiil, for Christ's fake, to let him ha^ve tvi/erity-fiva 
^uhd^, fbr the payment of which he left, them his watch, bUreslu, horfe 
Knd faddle; He then took his leave, faying, in all probability he flioUTd 
never fee them any more,- and having hothiiig to' fpare to' leave behind 
for his poor mother, (who I hear is fince dead) was content to fenct her 
k few parting lines f fince he has been gone, the horfe, watch, bureau 
Und faddle were fold for twenty-feveh pounds three fliillings j fo that the 
jroung man has the balance in bank. God grant, that this may prote 
the laft perfon that may be impofed on in this vray t 

R 2 fime* 

r 260 J ^ 

•iiixie.' Was the whole fcene to be opened, I believe eveiy 
4)ne would be of opinion, that fuch an ecclefiaftical proje^ 
jxever wls heard of before, in any part of his Majefty's dom^ 
Jiion?. . 

Of this, my Lord, the Royal- Exchange hath, long finqs 
^iing I and if the fame part hath been a<Sted abroad, * hofr 
many families miift have been ruined there, and how maii| 
more may be yet ruined, in order to fill up the prefect 
Englijb chafm ; and confequently, what loads of guilt muft 
J^^$ lie at the door of fomebody ? Surely, the Lord of ajl 
Xrords, whofe eyes are like a flame of fire, and who requirqi 
Jtruth in the inward parts, will one day or other vifit for thefe 
.tjiii^s, by bringing to light the hidden things of darknefs, 
^d thereby making manifeft the counfels of the heart. 

I need not inform your Lordfhip, that Babels are generally 
/u0er.ed to be built pretty high, before God comes down to 
^opfound the language of the builders. If knaves are employed 
,(as commonly they are) God's honour is concerned to dif- 
jCovpr ,tbern. And ;f any of his own children are undefignedly 
^rawi;i in, (which is frequently the cafe) he, who hath pro- 
^Ipifed.not to fufier them to be tempted above what they are 
jijbjie to bear^ will in mercy, fome way or other, rebuke the 
tempter, and make a way for them to efcape. It is true, 
„ld)is, in pu)>lic conjcerns, may fometimes expofe them to a 
little Worldly contempt, and for a while they may feenv- 
ingly be cruflied under the rubbifti of the fallen fabric, but 
even this fliall work together for their good ; and happy will 
it bCjfor them, if after all, they at length learn this impor- 
^.Jant kijon, " That it is dangerous, upon ajny pretence what- 
** (bever, to go from the written word, or give up their 
*♦* confciences to the guidance of any man, or body of men 
* " under heaven." This, your Lordftiip well knows, is what 
weak and unftable fouls are too apt to do ; aiid artful and 
defigning men, who are fond of power, efpecially if natu- 
rally they are of an ambitious turn of miad, eafily catch 
^t the pleafing bait. But honefty, my Lord, will be found 

* It appears too plain from Mr. Rimius that this hath been the cafe. 
.^nd no wpnder, fince he quotes this alTertion of the Count^sfrom bis owir 
.writings, " Tite oeconomifts of the focicty may fay to a young rich- 
*' man^ either give u$ all thou haft> or g«t (hee j;oiie/'* 

be the beft policy after all ; and therefore, God forbid 
■ Aat any who call themfelves the followers of the Lamb, 
^fiiould glory in any thing fave the crofs of Christ* 

At prefent, I (hall add no more, but earneftly fay amen^ 
to that part of the brethren's litany', however exceptionable 
in other refpedis, <^ From untimely projects, and from un- 
;^** happily becoming great, keep us our good Lord and 
God !" And I as heartily pray, that the glorious Jesus may 
j»rofper all that is right, and give grace to correal and 
amend all that is wrong, among all his people of all de- 
jiominations. I fubfcribe myfelf, my Lord, 

Your Lordfhip's nioft obedient humble fervant, 

Gborge Whitefikld. 


=. O 'r 


A S H O R T 


R E S S 


Pcrfbns of all Denominations, 


Alarm of an Intended Invasion, 
in the Year 1756. 

lalfti wUlJhevf my Opinion* Job xxxii. lO. 


T .^ 

C t 

I .7 



{^rionBr.itn'-(\i. ■ r.n io 

•.i -i V" a fT. ; ,.: L- 1 -i A -• .• ) 


,- ♦ •* -^ -jr •# r. . 


[ 465 3 


Afefij Brethrtn^ and Fathers^ 

THOUGH fo many alarming warnings, pathetic exhl^f* 
tations, and fuitable directions, have already been given 
loth from the prefs and pulpit, by way of preparative to our - 
Sate public day of humiliation ; yet fhould one, who is lefif- 
^han the leaft of all his brethren, now that folemnity is over^^ 
prefume to trouble his dear countrymen with a Jhort addr^t^-* 
ly way of fupplement to whkt hath already been offered 5 it 
Js to be hoped, none will be fo unkind as to look upon it s(ft' 
altogether fuperfluG us and needlefs, much lefs, be fo unge- 
.nerous as to cenfure it 21s proceeding from the pride and 
jiaughtinefs of his heart. But fliould this be the cafe, I (hall 
make no other apology ^as I tMnk there needs no other) thail 
that which David the y^uttgeft of the fons of y^fi made long 
ago upon a like occafion,* *' Is there not a caufe?** 

An infulting, enraged-, and perfidious enemy is now ad- 
vancing nearer and nearer to the Britijh borders. Not con- 
tent with invading and ravaging our rightful Sovereign King 
Georges dominions in America^ our popifh adverfaries have 
now the ambition to attempt, at leaft to threaten, an invafion 
of England itfelf ; hoping, no doubt, thereby, not only to 
throw us into coiffufion at home, but alfo to divert us from 
more efFeif^ually defeating their malicious deftgns abroad. That 
fuch a defign (however chimerical it may feem) is now ac- 
tually 0:1 foot, the royal proclamation lately ilTued forth, renders 
indifputable Which proclamation, as it plainly befpeaks his 
Majefly's paternal care, doth at the fame time loudly call upon ■ 
all his faithful and loving fubjedls, not only to ftand upon 
their guard, but alfo to exert their utmoft efforts, in depend- 


[I 266 1 

a»ce on divine proteflion, to prevent and render abortive fuch 
an unjuft and daring enter^ize. 

BleiTed be God ! as a profeffing, though finful people^ we 
have lately taken onf effe^ual ftep- towards bringing about 
fuch a falutary end* 

In obedience to a call from the throne, we Kave been 
humb)ing ourfelves in the moft public and folemn manner be- 
fore the moft hig)i God. Aitd it is to be boped^ that the 
many tears which were that d^y flied, and the thoofande and 
thoufands of prayers that were then offered up, have long fince 
been regarded by, and entered Jnto the ears of the Lord of 
Sabbaoth, Infidels may perhaps laugh, and make (hcmfeives 
merry with fuch an infinuatioh; but ferioiis people, ^and' to^ 
fuch in* a.more peculiar roannerris this addrefsr dlnttiled) WiU 
account it no ways enthufiaftic to^affirm, that folemn binniiia-» 
tions, whether performed by public communities in general-y. 
o/. individuals in partkular, have- always ^met witlr fuck a 
divine acceptance* as to obtaixrat Jeaft a toprieve fromj^if not 
aototaLremoval of, the threatened evil;.-: The deferring of air 
impending judgment, only upon the hypocritical, -^rbutpuUie 
humiliation of a mck^ Jhai; The mature and providemnl. 
deliverance of the Jewijb people frooi the cruel plot of ao 
ambitious Hamariy for which queen EJiher^ M^rdetniy and the 
other diftrefled Jews fought fo earnefily by public fafting and 
prayer: And what is yet more^ the total and entire fufpeiv* 
Hon of tht Atfkxix&i^n oi Nineveh^ that exceeding great city, 
(though fo peremptorily denounced) upon the failing, pray- 
ing, and repenting of the king, nobles and common^; at the 
preaching of Jonah. Tbefe, not ta mention many more that 
might be adduced from faered flory, are moft pregnant, and, 
at the fame time, very encouraging prods, that they that 
humble themfelves, ihall in God's due time be exalted ; and 
therefore, as a nation, we may boldly infer, that the righteous 
LoRp, who delights to (hew hin^felf ftrong in behalf of thofe 
who are of an upright heart, wiU favour, plead, and viindicate 
cur righteous caufe. 

I am very fepfible, that ^tful infinuations have been in* 
duftrioufiy publifhed, in order tp lay all the blame of this war 
upon us. But bold aflertions and folid proofs are two diffe- 
rent things I for i( iis pl^n, beyond all ^QoCradi^on« that the 

French f 

[267 1 

Prencb^ fond of rivalling us bocb at borne and abroad, ha:vo 
moft unjuftly invaded his Majefl/s dominions in Jmerka^^ 
and have alfo, by the moft vile artifices and lies, been endea- 
vouring to draw the fix nations of Indians from our intereft; 
in fhort, almoft all their proceedings ever fince the late treaty 
of jfix la Cbapelle^ have been little elfe than preparations for, 
or a tacit declaration of war. But be that fitteth in heaven;? 
as'we may humbly hope, laughs them to fcorhi and, as be^ 
onee defeated the counfel of Jchiupbdj and came down to** 
confound the language of chofe afpiring projedors who would' 
fain have built a tower, the top of which fliould reach even to 
heaven; fo we trt;ft (whatever d^k providences may inter* 
vene) that he will in the end (ruftrate the devices of our ad* 
verfary's^ moft fubtle politicians, and ^ak confufion to all 
their projects; who, by Aiming at univerfi^^ monarchy^ ard 
more th9n attempting to ere£k'a fecond Mabek 

X have beard, or read fomewhere of a yi/r/((^ General,* 
who, :beHf g called to engage with a chriftian army that had 
broken through the moft folemn ties, ftood up at the head 
of bJstfoops, and tbeit (drawing the treaty which they had 
broken^ out. of his bofom, and holding it up in the air, thuif 
addrefied the throne of heaven: ^S O almighty Being, if thou 
^^ art, as they fay, thou art, thefe chriftians God, thou lovefl 
«:' what it right, and^bateft perfidy; look down therefore and 
<^ behold this treaty which they have broken; and, as thou 
<' canft not favour what is wrong, render their arms, O Goo, 
^< fttCceO^lefs, and make mine vidorious." He ended ; im- 
mediately the fword wasdrawm The two parties vigoroufly 
engaged, and the perfidious chriftians were beaten oflF the 
field. Thus may our proteftant Generals, or at leaft their 
Chaplains, deal with our enem/s forces, in refpedt to the 
treaty pf Aix la CbapslU. They, not we, have broken it. 
They, not we, have been the aggrefibrs : and therefpre, not- 
witfaftanding we are looked upon as beretics, and they fight 
under the banner of one who ftiles himfelf His moft Chriftian 
Majeftyi sl righteous God, we truft, in anfwer to prayer, will 
bumble Frana^ and malce the Britifk arms both by fea and 
land, more than conquerors through his love. It is true (and 
God knows with grief of heart I fpeak it) praying is become 
too un£a(bionable amongft our people in general) and among 


f 268 ] 

military men rn particMlari but wherein the pietyy ani 
confequently the true policy, of fuch a proceedure confifb, I 
believe will be very dilBcult to determine. If we have reoourfe 
t^ RMin*s ancient hiftoiy, I believe we {hall find, that neither 
Darius^ Cjrusj Alexander^ nor indeed fcarcc any of the Egyftiun^ 
jaunty Perjian^ or Reman Generals, ever undertook wy ha- 
vurdotts enterprize, without making fome public acknowledg- 
ment of a deity. And if we confult that btftorj of bi/kriis^ 
that too much negle£led book (a$ Sir Richard Steel exprefTes 
bimfelf} emphatically called the Scriptures, we may always 
remark, that thofe heroic worthies, who by faith fubdued 
kingdoms, and put to flight the armies of the aliens, were nun 
rf frayer as well as men Of valour. And if our rer«arche3 
dtfcend down to dur own annals, we ihall foon he ftfdsfied, 
lliat the Britijb arms were never more formidable, than when 
our foldiers went' forth in the ftrengtb of the LoRo^ and with 
atible in one hand, and a fword in the other, chearfully fought 
under bis banner who hath condescended to f^ile hinCkfelf '^ a 

Such an appellation as this, methinks,' may fufficiently juf- 
^y the lawful nefs of bearing arms, and drawing the fword Ji^ 
defence of our civil and religious liberties. For if GoD him- 
lelf is pleafed to ftile himfelf a man of war, furely in a juft and 
tighteous caufe (fuch as the Britijh war at prefent is) we may 
9& lawfully draw our fwords, in order to defend ourfelves 
againft our common and public enemy, as a civil roagiftrate 
may fit on a bench,, and condemn a public robber to death. 
Our excellent reformers, fenfible of this, in the thirty-fecond 
article of our church,* after having declared *^ that the laws. 
^* of the realm may puniih chriftian men with death for 
** heinous offences ; immediately fubjoins, '* that it is lawful 
*^ for chrifiian men, at the commandment of the magiflrateji 
*' to wear weapons and ferve in the wars/' And therefore, 
what Bilhop Saunderfon fays of fludy, may be likewife faid of 
fighting: ''fighting without prayer is atheifm, and prayer 
•* without fighting is prefumption." And I would be the 
more particular on this point, becaufe through 2i fatal fcrupur 
lofiiy againft bearing arms, even in a defenfiye war, his Ma- 
jcfty hath been, and is not yet out of danger of lofing that 
Urge, cxtenfive, and but lately moft flourilhing province of 


f 269 1 

J^enfyhania^ the very centre and garden of all North American 
But wbilft I fee fuch very fcrupulous perfons grafping at cvciy 
degree of worldly power^ and by all the arts of worldly policy 
labouring to monopolize, and retain in their own hands all 
parts both of the legiflative and executive branches of dvil 
government ; to fpeak in the mildeft terms, we may honeftly 
affirm, that they certainly aft a moft inconfiftent, and if mjt 
prevented here at heme, to thousands of their neighbours, E 
fear a very fatal part. For, fay what we will to the contrary, 
if we fearch to the bottom of things, we may foon be con- 
vinced, that civil magiftracy and defenfive war muft (land or 
fall together. Both are built upon the fame bafis ; and there 
cannot be fo much as one fingle argument urged X/q eftablifh 
the one, which doth not at the fame time corroborate and 
confirm the other. 

Far be it from me, who profefs myfelf a difciple and minifter 
of the Prince of peace, to found a trumpet for war: but when 
the trumpet is already founded by a perfidious enemy, and our 
king, our country, our civil and religious liberties, are all, 4s 
it were, lying at ftake, did we not at fuch a feafon lend our 
purfes, our tongues, our arms, as well as our prayers, in de- 
fence pf them, fhould we not juftly incur that curfe which an 
infpired Deborah^ when under the immediate influence of the 
Holy Spirit, once uttered, '• Curfe ye Meroz^ curfe ye bit* 
terly the inhabitants thereof, becaufe they came not to the 
help of the Lord, to the help of the Lord againft the 
mighty ?" Known unto God, and God alone, are all our 
hearts. Daily and repeated experience convinceth us, that the 
greateft talkers are not always the greateft doers. How there- 
fore any of us may behave when put to the trial, the trial it- 
felf can only prove. But, for my own part, whatever my 
■future conduit: may be, (and I know it will be downright 
cowardly, if left to myfelf) yet, upon the matured: delibeta- 
tion, I am at prefent fo fully convinced of th(^ juftice of the 
Briiijh caufe, that fuppofmg it (hould be faid of me, as it is 
' of ZwingliuSj " Cecidit in pralio^ He fell in battle;" I hope, 
if whilft the filver cords of life were loofing, and I (hould be 
attended by any who may be bewailing mine, as the friends 
of Zwinglius did his misfortune, I (hould like him cry ovit^ 
** Ecquid hsc Infortunii? Is this a misfortune?" And not only 

[ 270 I 

lb, but with my expiring breath add, as he did, ** O fmfium 
infortunium! O happy misfortune!" For, furely, it is f&r more 
preferable to die, though by a popiih fword, and be carried 
from the din and noife of war by angels into Ahrahanf% bofom, 
than to be fufFered to furvive, only to drag on a wearifome 
life, and to be a mournful fpe£tator, and daily bewailer of 
one's country's ruin. 

Awful and tremendous are the judgments that have lately 
been abroad. Twice bath the earth on which this great me- 
tropolis (lands, unable, as it were, any longer to fuftain the 
weight of its inhabitants fins, been made to tremble and tottft: 
under us. Since that, how amazingly hath the (hock beeh 
extended! Africa^ (nor hath America itfelf been exempted) 
hath in a moft deftru6tive manner felt its dire cfieAs. And 
what a dreadful confumption it hath made in various parts of 
Zpainj and, in a more efpecial manner, at Lifion^ the metro- 
polis of Portugal^ is beyond conception, and beyond the power 
of the moft mafterly pen to defcribe. It is to be queftioned, 
whether the like hath ever bedn heard of fince the deluge. 
Surely nothing was wanting to figure out, and realize (o th^t 
diftrefled people the horror of the laft day, but the found of 
the trump, and the adlual appearance of the great Judge i)f 
quick and dead, fiut awful and tremendous as fuch'phaeno^ 
menas of nature may be; yet, if we confider the confequences 
of thingft, was even the like judgment to befal us, fwhich may 
God avert \) it would be but a fmall one, in comparifon of 6iir 
* hearing that a French army, accompanied with a popifh Pre- 
tender, and thoufands oi Rrmijh priefts, was fufiered tb invade, 
fubdue, and deftroy the bodies and fubftance, and, as the n%- 
ccffary confequences of both thefe, to blind, deceive, fTnd ty- 
rannize over the fouls and confciences of the people belonging 
. to this bappy ifle. 

God forbid, that I ihould give flattering titles to any ; for 
in fo doing, I (hould provoke him to take away my (bul. But 
furely we muft have eyes that fee not, and ears that hear not^ 
as well as hearts that do not underftand, if we do not know^ 
and fee, and feel, that in refped to our civil and religious 
liberties, we are undoubtedly the freeft people undei* heaveh» 
And I dare appeal to the moft ungrateful and malieious male- 
content^ CO produce any sera in the Britijh annals^ wherein 

t jf7i ] 

'^vre bave enjoyed^ruch a conCinueJ feries of civil and religious 
liberty, as we have been favoored with for thefe twenty-eight 
years ]2t& ^aft, under the mild and gentle admihiftration of our 

. dread and rightful Sovereign King Georgi. Surely he hath 
beeii a nuriing father to people of all denominations; and 
however he may be denied it, yet he may, without a compli- 
ment, juftly claim from the prefent, as well as future ages, the 

, deferved:llitlc bf Geokge the Great. But notwithftanding 
this» fuch is the degeneracy of human nature, it muft necdf- 

-ffiiri}y'teexpe£ted, that, in a nation grown wanton with liberty 

- like ours, there are a great multitude of unhappy perfons, who 
being men of lax principles, loofe liveSy and broken fortunes, 
^^vjU-^fo .abandoned, as to break through all reftraints of 

' gf^titude^ -'loyalty and < religion ; and^ like Cataltne and bis 
wicked confederates, be fond of joiping in any change of go- 
vernment, whereby they may entertain the moft Siftant prof- 
pc^ of bettering their fortunes, and gratifying their ambition, 
though, it be at the expence of their country's blood. This 
batb been, and no doubt ftiil continues to be, the fate of all 
civil goyemmtots in the world, and confequently is 00 more 
than what we may exped-, in times of tumult and danger^ 
will b^ adied over again in our own land by men of fuch cor- 
rupt minds. But how any ferious and judicious, much lefs 
religious and devout perfon, can be fo ftupid to all principles 
of felf-iatereft, and fo dead even to all maxims of common 
fenfe, as to prefer a French to an Englijh government; or a 
popijb PretemieTy harn^ nurfed, and bred up in all the arbitralry 
and deftrq&ive principles of the court and church of Romtj 
to the preknt prote/iant fucarffion fettled in the illuftrious line 
af Hanover, muft be imputed to nothing elfe but an awful 

V infatuation • 

Hear ye, (if there be any into whofe hands this addrefs may 
fall, that are defirous of fuch a change) not to dwell entirely 
upon the many innumerable civil or temporal loiTes we (hould 
fuftain : hear ye, I (ay, the mild and gentle language of one 
or his Moft Chriftian Majefty*s late declarations concerning 
religion. ' ^ 

*' Being informed, that there have fprung up, and ftill arc 
fpringjng up, daily in our realm, a great numl^r of preachers, 
whofe fple (fufmefs is to fiir up thq people) to rebellion, and 


t ^n ] . 

to difliiade them from the pradice of the Roman tatholic and 
apoftolic religion ; we do command that all preachers, who 
ihall call afTemblies, preach in them ^ or difcharge any o(her 
fun£lion, be put to death ; the punifhment appointed b^ the 
declaration in July 1686, for the minifter of the pretended re- 
formed religion, which we would not, for the future, ha7e 
any one efteem a mere threatening, which will not be put in 
execution. We do likewife forbid our fubjeds to receive the 
faid minifters or preachers, to conceal, aid, or aifift them, or 
have, diredly or indircdly, any intercourfe or correfpondence 
with them. We farther enjoin all thofe, who (hall know any 
of the faid preachers, to inform againft them to the officers of 
the refpc<Sive places ; the whole under pain, in cafe of tref- 
pafs, of being condemned to the gallies for life, if men; and^ 
if women, of being (horn, and fhut up the remainder of their 
days in fuch places as our judges (hall think expedient; and 
whether they be men or wotnen, under pain of confifca- 

After perufing this, read, read alfo, I bcfeecfa yc^, the 
(hocking accounts of the horrid butcheries, and cruel murders 
conimitted on the bodies of many of our fellow-fubjeds in 
America^ by the hands oifavage Indians^ inftigated thereto b]f 
more i\\2in favage popijh priejis.*-. And if this be the beginning,- 
what may we fuppofe the end will be, (hould a French power, 
or popifh Pretender, be permitted to fubdue either us or them? 
Speak, Smithjiddy fpeak, and by thy dumb, but very perfuafive 
oratory, declare to all that pafs by and over thee, how many 
EngUJh proteflant martyrs thou haft feen burnt to death in the 
reign of a cruel popifh Qj^ieen, to whom the prefent Pretender 
to the Britjjh throne at leaft claims a kind of a dtftant kindred? 
Speak Ireland^ fpeak, and tell if thou canft, how many thou- 
fands, and tens of thoufands of innocent unprovoking pro- 
tcftants were maflacred in cold blood by the hands of cruel 
papifts within thy borders, about a century ago ? Nay, fpeak 
Par is J fpeak, (for though popifh, on this occafion we will ad- 
mit thy evidence) and fay, how many thoufands of proteflants' 
were once flaughtered, on purpofe, as it were, to ferve up as a 
bloody defibrr, to grace the folemnity of a marriage-feaft. But 

•^e. a pamphlet, intitled, AbncfFlcwoftteCofiJu^ofBcnCyUBrih, 
.firib^XMi' 1755. 


why go we 1>ack to fucb diftant ae^as I Speak, Languedoc, (p^^kf!, 
and tell if thou canft, how many proteftant minifters have been' 
lately executed ; how many more of their bearers have beea 
dragooned and fent to the gallie^; and how many hundreds: 
arc now, in confequcnce of the above-mentioned edicfl, lying; 
in prifons, and faft bound in mifery and iron, for no. other 
crime than that unpardonable one in the Romijh ^hujjchij 
" hearing and preaching the pure gofpel of the meek an^j 
lowly Jesus." 

And think you, my dear countrymen, that Rome^ glutted- 
as k were with proteftant blood, will now reft fatisfied, and, 
fay, « I have enough !*' No, on the contrary, having, through, 
the good hand of God upon us, been kept fo long fafting, we 
way reafonably fuppofe, that the popifl> priefts are only growa 
more voracious, and (like fo many hungry and ravenous wplye^ 
purfuing the harmlefs and innocent flocks of fheep) will with^ 
louble eagernefs purfue after, feize upon, apd devour thein 
«fi(hed-for proteftant prey ; and, attended with their bloody. 
red-<:oats, thofe gallic inftruments of reformation, who know; 
•hey muft either fight or die, will neceffarily breathe out no-. 
>hing but threatening and flaughter^^ and carry along with^ 
^em defolation and deftrucS-ion in all its various fhapes an(^ 
•Ortures, go where they will; 

But I humbly hope, vile as we are, a gracious, long*fufFer-i 
ing and merciful Gop, will not fufFer us to fall into their 
blood-thirfty and cruel hands. He hath formerly raoft re^ 
:iiarkably interpofed in England's favour ; and why (hould wo 
in the leaft doubt, but that he will again reveal his qmnipo- 
tent arm, and make our extremity to be his opportunity, ta 
]elp and defend us, againft fuch threatening and unjuft in^ 
raders ? Invincible as the Spamjh armada was fuppofed to be, 
ind all-powerful as the Pope, under whofe broad feal they 
i£led, might boaft he was in heaven or hell, it is plain he 
lad no power over the water. ** For thou did ft blow, O 
liORD, with thy wind, and the enemy was fcattered." And 
s not this God the fame now as he was yefterday ? And 
vill he. not continue the fame for ever? Of whom then 
hould the inhabitants of Great Britain be afraid ? Bleffed be 
3oD, if we look to fccond caufes, we have a glorious fleet, 
brave admirals, a well-difciplined army, experienced oflicers. 
Vol. IV. S and> 

. Z7 

C *7« 1 

tmongft them all, in my poor opinion, next to holy Mf* 
Matbew Henry s incomparable comment upon the Bible ; the 
Reverend Samuel Clarke's Old and New Teftament with anno- 
tations^ feem to be the bed calculated for univerfal cdifica- 
tion. For they contain, though a fhort, yet (generally fpeat 
ing) a full and fpiritual interpretation of the moft di£6cult 
words and phrafes. A great many parallel fcriptures, both as 
to matter and words, are moft judicioufly inferted. To this 
is idded,' an an^lyfis, or the contents not only of near eVeiy 
book and chapter, but of almoft every verfe of every chtpler 
in the whole Bible : and yet the notes and references are^^fe 
difpofed in the manner of printing, that the reader, if he hath 
no time for a further enquiry, may read the bare text ^without 
any interruption, or if but little time, he may almoft with a 
fihgle glance, fee the meaning of any particular word, phrafe^ 
or palTage, as he goes along. It muft be confefled. Indeed, 
that in the former editions, a few expreffions in the explana^ 
tory notes feemed not fo unexceptionable ; but then it muft 
be obferved, that they were but few, and thofe in this edition, 
as I am informed, are for the moft part corre^ed. It may be, 
that the curious and very critical reader may meet with fome 
few that liiay have efcapcd prefent notice. But alas I if we 
forbear reading any book or comment, 'till we meet with one 
that will fuit every tafte and is liable to no exception, I fear 
we muft never read at all. The beft of-mens books, as well 
as the beft of men, are but men and the books of men, at the 
beft : it is the peculiar property of thy life, and of thy book, 
O bleffed Jesus ! to be exempt from all real imperfeftions. 
Happy they who both in their writings and conduii^ come 
neareft to thy divine copy, and moft bleffed e^cample ! 
. If it ftiould now be enquired who this Reverend Samuel 
filarke might be ? Muft I tell thee ? He was one of the many 
worthies who were ejefled by the black Bartholomew ail. But 
Jiet not this ftartle thee^ courteous reader ; for thou wilt here 
fiml no difputes about church government, ' no controverfy 
about rites or ceremonies ; but (as far as I am capable o( 
judging) the mind of the ever-blefled God, opened and ex- 
plained in. a manner equally neceffacy and ufeful for all feri- 
^jous^chriftians of all denominations. As fuch, I have fpoken 
/Qf .it, boxh frpm the pulpit, and in private converfation, many 

- . years 

I ftztB ago I and if any thing I have fatd, hath beetl,^ 6i!^;£lislt 
I be^ in the leaft infirumental in promoting its prefent pubKc'a* 
[| tioO) or future ufefulnefs, whatever exceptions may be niade 
f by perfons of diiFerent fentiments, lihall look upon it as ait 
I faoopur conferred upon me, by our great and cdmmoii 

I LoKDe ;:. 

I At the fame time, t muft confefs, it gave me pleafiire about 

I a year ago, te find this very book recommended in the ftrongeft 

i o|aaaer,'in the, jTecond .volume of Dr. Calani/s Iives« -Hii 

z wpr4s.are tbefe^ ^^ I canxKit forbear here 'adding a* particular 

i ju:count of the Bible .which bt publi&ed^ He firft formed 

1 the defign in his. younger years^ in the univerfity j and Inadd 

e it th^ work'ofbis moft retiied leifurp^ and folemn thovghtsi 

» tt.fipened with. years and experience, and was the refult of 

: great rciSUling and confideration, both of the beft practical 

: writers and the moft' celebrated eriticksi It is a work of 

• great exa^efs and judgment ; commonly fixes ofn the true 

: 4<^nfe of the place i diligently obferves tht connexion of 

things} freely reprefents the principal matters that occcurj 

and contains tbe fulleft account of parallel places, of any other 

cgctant. He was fo happy in this performance^ as to obtain 

the concurring teftimony of two great and excellent men, who 

were thought to have different fentioients of fome points of 

xeligion \ viz. Dr. Owen and Mr; Baxtir in their refpe£livc 

. epiftles before the quarto edition of the New Tcftanient* The 

words of the former are remarkable. << fiut this I muft fay^ 

<> that to the heft of my underftanding, he has made his choice 

*^ of tbe efpecial fenfe which he gives of the word, in all ' 

places, with great diligence and judgment. And it is evi'* 

dent^ that in the whole, he has fo carefully and conftantty 

Attended to the analogy of feith, that the reader may fafely 

.tnift to him, without fear of being led into the fnare of any 

.error, or unfound opinion.'' The words of the latter are. 

^^ And I cfpecialiy commend it as orthodox, in explaining 

*^ thofe texts which meddle with juftification, remiffion of fiik^ 

/* with faith and works, and fuch great and practical points of 

^^ doArine ; &> that the reader need not fear the Corrupting hiv 

^^ underftanding, byanyiecretinfiimation of errors, of dan« 

*^ gfirous mixture of private, and unfouiid opinionS%'' Since 

ioth of them, herein freely exprelied their propier Tentimen^ 

S 4 H 

i 280 ] 

it is fcArce conceivable how there could be afiy very importinl 
difference retnaining between them. But be it as it will at 
to that ; this was in a manner the work of Mr, darkens life, 
sind bears the lively fignatures of his exa6): learning, iingular 
j^tety^, and indefatigable induftry; and has been valued by 
good judges of different fentiments and perfuafions, cotifidcr- 
hig the brevity of the parts, and intircnefs of the whole, at 
Ac beft finglc book upon the Bible in the world. 
' To thefe may be added the joint opinions of Dr. Bates and 
Mr. How^ who thus cxpreffed themfelves. ** Having feri- 
•' oufly perufed this laborunis work, we cannot but judge, the 
•* ufefulnefs will anfwer the author's great induftry ; whofe ex- 
" cellent (kill hath with that concifenefs, and yet dearnefs,' 
•* given the mind of God in the facred orades of the New 
•« Teftament, that we- cannot doubt, but God will render it 
•* ferviceable, to the edifying of confcientious and humble 
«« readers, in knowledge, faith and obedience." If it Ihould 
be objedted that thefe were Diffenters, Dr. Calamy adds, to 
^ur author's honour, ^' that his annotations on the Bible were 
•' fo highly valued by fome of the moft eminent of the clergy 
** of the Church of England^ that one of the learned body de- 
<* dared them to be fo ufeful (efpecially that part that con- 
*^ tained parallel fcriptures) that he could not compofe bit 
•' fermons without them. Another -faid, that if thejr could not 
•* be had under fifty pounds, he would give that fum rather 
^^ than not have them. And one of the higheft rank thought 
fit to recommend them to young divines, at their ordina- 
»' tion." 

In refpe<9: to Mr. Clarkis perfonal charafter. Dr. -Calami^ 
further informs us that, " He was a man of very coniidera- 
^' ble learning ; a good critic ; efpecially in the fcriptures ; a 
•« great textuary, an excellent preacher ; a great enemy of fu- 
« perftition and bigotry : yet zealous for unaffcfted piety. He 
^* was one of great moderation, both in his principles and 
^* temper, lived ufefuUy, and in much efteem ; and in his 
** laft hours had great peace and ferenity." After fuch cnco- 
tniums from fuch tall cedars in our Lebanon, any further re- 
commendation from one 'of fo fmall a growth, or fuch a 
ihrub as I am, can be but of little .weight. I fhall therefore 
detain the intelligent and religious reader no longer, than 


[ 28l ] 
whtlft I fubjoin my hearty prayers, that whether he or I, or 
any other chriftian of any denomination, read this or any 
iKher comment, or the pure fcriptures, without any comment, 
that we may in fuch wife read, mark, learn, an<} inwardly di- 
geft them ; that by patience and con>fort of God's holy word^^ 
we may embrace, and ever hold faft the bleflfed hope of ever« 
lafting life, which he hath given us in our Saviour Jesus 

Chriftian reader. 

Thine in our common Lord, 

George White FIELD. 
London^ OSIoler i, 1759. 

O B S E R- 

*r A ij i '^ / M 




In a Book lately publiihed, and intitled^ 

" The Doctrine of Grace; or. The Office and 
Operations of the Holy Spirit vindicated from 
the Infults of Infidelity, and the Abufes of Fana- 
ticifm. By fVilliam Lord Biftiop of Gloucefter*\ 

In a LETTER to a Frisns. 

Truth is never more grojly ahufed^ nor its Advocates mori dif- 
honoured^ than when thty employ the foolljh Arts of Sopbiftry^ 
Buffoonery^ and Scurrility in its Defence. 

Bifliop of Glouccftcr*s Preface. 

f i«* J 


My dear FrUnd^ 

WHEN tlld gr^tt St. PauU in his epiftle to the it«u 
}7»»!rf) had » mind to lay a feUd foundatioR for th< 
jgraiid difttegui&ing do6lriAe3 of the gofpel, I needmotinfo^M 
]ioit» thaf, like a wife maflaBr<-builder, he took care to dig deep 
into the eovruption o£ huonn nature : and after having given 
na a lively p^ytyai4iure'of the univ^fal de]^avity 6f the GeniiU 
WOtM, he prooeedied'^ in a moft mafterly manner, to bring 
idown the proud' thoughts and high imaginations of- the fel^ 
figlvteotte and formal Phcirifees ; by proving, to a demonftv^ 
tion^thaC the J^Jh profefiors, notwithftanding all their pew^ 
(tulfew adyantages* of" external revelation, cifcumcifion, iieiif 
affinity to Abraham^ and 'Aidh-like, were all equally included 
lindcit ifin, vrere all equally, guilty before God, had all eqtiaHy 
frileii (hertof his glory, confequently were afl upon an equal 
level with the reft of mankind, and flood as much in need of 
the free grace of Gob in Christ Jesus, and the fandifying 
pperattons of his Holy Sprrit, as the moft favage barbarian^ 
ordffputing Greek. This was a6Jing like as did the^foremn- 
ner or harbinger of our blefled Lord; for^ when he favir 
many of the Sadducees ^lid Pharifees (the jnfidfcls and profef- 
fors of that age] cbmfng to his baptifm, drfregarding as it 
tvcre the former, in la very pungent, and v^hat fome would 
term, a very unpolite manner, he thus addrefleth himfelf ta 
the latter : ** O generation of vipers, who "hath warned yo4 
to flee from the wrath to come ? And think not to fay withiii 
yourfdves/ We have Abraham for our father ; fc(r I fay uritor 
you, <}oD is able of thefe ftones to raife up children unto 
Abraham.^* But why fpeak I of afting like the foierunner ? 
I ftould' rather have faid, this was imitating our common 
\^^Vi himfelf^ wbo^ in his glorious ^xA divine fermon> (when» 


[ «86 J 

to.ufe the words of the feraphic Hervey^ '< a moont wis bis 
^< pulpit, and the heavens were his founding-bokrd") em* 
plpys himfelf chiefly in detecting the falfe gloflfes and corrupt 
interpretations of the then matters of IJrael\ withal adding 
this putting affertion, *' Unlefs your righteoufne&.exeecds 
the rigbteoufnefs of the fcribcs and phacifees, ye (haU in t» 
cafe enter into the kingdom of heaven.'* 

What a pity is it, my dear friend, that our modern defenders*, 
of chriflianity, in their elaborate and undoubtedly well-n^eant •' 
treatifes, have, not been more fludious to copy after fiich 
bright and unerring exartiples ! .Many of thefe tra^l^^l knovr 
you have read \ and am perfMad^d, out of ypur ufual caxufo^r, 
jrou will do them fo much jufttce as to acknowledge, that» vk 
refpe^l to the outworks of religion, fuch as clearing uptb^ 
prophecies of the Old,, and vindicating the miracles of the 
^cw Te^ai^ent, againft the attacks 4)f infidels and free- ' ' 
thi^k^fSs they have (hewn themfelyes, as far as bare hnmait 
learning, added to external revelation, can carry them, tobo... 
mailersof ftrong reafoning, nervous language, and coocIu^vQ,.^ 
^rgumentSt ^M then, as I haye often bear4 you laP[ieiif:».QOQ,~ 
thjugfthey feem \o lack, ^ depper,and mpre e^pcriin^iittal ^ 
faWwMge 9f; th?ipfflY€8, ^nd.of jEsua Chjiist, . 
is,, that when they cqme to (ouch upon the internals and.yi^aU :: 
pf chrifliaaity, they afe quite grappled, and writ^ fo UJjlguardr . 
«dly of ([le all-powerful influences of the f}oly Qhpft, as. X% 
jink us into a fiate oi jdawnright ff{rn^l%tj \ which, if the ArQt 
ill&Ptfu/ may be our judge, we have need as much tp be ^au«, 
tioned, againft, as of fanaticifm, fuper{lition, or infidelity it- 
felf:.for in his fecond.epiftle to TCimoihy^ a,ftcr givipg us a 
dreadful .account of the abounding of wicked men in the l^ft 
perilous fimes^ '^ ]pyers of their own felves, covetbu^^-. 
|>o^iierS9 proud, blafphemers, difob^di^nt to parent^, unthank-. 
(ul,. unholy^ withou^ natural affe^ion, truce-bxeakersj falfe- 
^cufers> i|icpntin§nt, fiape, defpifers of thpf? that are good, 
traitors,, heady,. high-miiidcd, Ipyers of pleafure (][iorc thax^. 
lovers of Gqo ;" be br^pgs up the rear in this awful manner^ 
•' ijaving; a foro^ of godlinefs, but denying the power therepf^ 
£row/uch> turn away_i" and to ufe the words of our LoiiD,^ 
*^ Publicaos ai^d haript^ en^er jnto the kinjg^cun of GO0 Y^-^ 

. . r , 2 * So?iry 

'Sorry am I to fend you word, that a wi-lter of thfe uhba|>pf ' 
fiamp now lies upon my table : a writeF, whOj ahhough he 
entitles his book, ** The Offices and Operations of the Hoi/ ♦ 
^* Ghbft vindicated from the Infults of Infidelity and Abufet 
*^ of'Fanaticifna/* yet, in his gi^ts&eal againft the latter, and ^ 
ta^e: nd3(Vhall oncdiiragement of the former, as far as -ptr^-' 
verted reafon and difguifed fophtftry could carry bim, httb, 
in effcfti fobbed the church of Christ of its promifed Com- 
forter I aVid'thereby left us, upon whom the ends of the world' ^ 
are come; without any fupernatural influence or dirineope- 
ratfeifs'whatfoevei'. Often have I heard you c^bferve, that'" 
there never was an age in which the ftewards of the myfteriet' 
of Christ were more loudly ciailltd upon to vindicate the' ' 
officios and operations of the Holy Spiiit, than this wherein' 
wcflive. -And, for my own part,* I cannot help thinking,' 
that the moft accomplifliod and duly qualified perfon in the" 
liniverf^, could he write or fpcat fo extenfively, that tht' 
whole world might hear or read him, could not poffibly ex-' 
pre6 his love to mankind in general, and to the church of 
Qh^i purchafed with his own blood, in particular, in a more 
neceflary, commendable, andufeful way, than by declaring,' 
upon the houfe-top, that the Holy Ghoft, lUEe its almighty 
l^iirchafer, is thefame to-day as he was yefterday ; that he iar 
nbw, as well as formerly, in the ufe of all inftituted means, 
appointed to convince the world of fin, of righteoufnefs, and"* 
judgment 5 to lead them into all truth, by fpiritiially opening 
their underftandlngs, that they may underftand the Scriptures; 
ahd to fetiew a clean heart and right fpirit within them here, 
in order that they may be thereby prepared for* the full enjoy- 
ment of a triune, and ever-bleffed GoD hereafter.' This you 
will judge, my dear friend, is( what any ohe might frave rea- 
fonably expected to have met with, in a b66k bearitig fuch a 
promifing title. But alas, how was I difappointed f ' And ' 
bow will you be equally furprifed, when I tel^you,'that upon ** 
perufing the book itfelf, I found that the author, ihftead of ^ 
vindicating or afierting, rather denies ^nd^ridicules the (land- 
ing and unalterable operations of the Holy Ghoft. For, hav- 
ing ingenioufly taken a great deal of learned pains againft the 
infinuations of Do£lor Middleion^ to prove that there once 
^as a Holy Ghoft s and that he did once afiually defcend 

[ 288 ] 

upoa the Apdflles, on the day of Pentecoft ; and further, 
tbAt he did once infpire the facred writers to fettle the caaoa; 
of : fcripture ; . he then, in order to tear U|> fupcrftition, aad 
Mibat be calls ianaticifm, by the roocs, rakes infinirely gfeater* 
pbitts (as well he migh^» beiug a moft arduous ta(k indeed}. 
to-tihevr, that i^bat true helievers, in all ages, havealwuyi: 
Ig^Hied upon ta be the Jiamling and ordinary opiratitms.of fibe- 
Sfrtr^y ^^ Su^h a»dianifeft themielve^ in grace and knowledge^ 
*f.;«iMi vThich adminifter aid in Ipiritual; diilrciles^ are to be 
'i'. accounted and called /Tf/r^^w/^/zi, as much as thofe which' 

V extended outwards, in t}ie gift .of healing, and the relief 

V txi other corj^oreal infirmities." . And thefe ^^ miraculous 
^^ powefis (he adds) b^ing'now, upon the perfe£): eftabliih-' 
^t.mnitt of chrifti^uiity, toialfy tuithdrawn, it confequendy 
'f- nidft be fuperftitious and fan^tkal t^ look for, or pretend 
^ poAeiTed of, any o£ thofe operations which manifipft 
^ themfelves in. grace and knowledge, ^id which admimfier 
•-*:aid in fpiritual diftreffes.'* Pages. 75, 82, 83, oflavo cdi-. 
tion.' Strang aflerttons thefe, you will fay, for a vindicator, 
oftiae offiqes'and operations of the Holy Ghoft, againilthe 
ipfult^ cf inAdelity, and the abufes of fanatjcifm ! Alas! 
whoti^'oMiBiJtnddlcion fey more ? Nay, I could almqft add,, 
Wtheite hdth he inqjrcfsly Ca id fo much? But if it be fupcrlli- 
tjcfl to look' fofy if: it be fanatrcifm to feek after, and not refl; 
tfUive are a£fcually and experimentally pofftfTed of, the fuper-^ 
j^ural influences of the-BlelTed Spirit, manifeiting themfelv^ 
ifv grace ^nd divine knowledge, and affording aid in fpirituai 
diftrcffes, then inay you and I, my dear friend, become mofp 
and^ BDore fuperfticious and fanatical every day ! For I am 
peitiiaded, that without fuch divine mani/edations as exceed 
the powers of humanity, were we to be figned with the fign 
of the crofs in baptifm,. a thoufand times over, we could 
never fuccefsfully fight under Christ's banner againft fin, 
tfao world, and tbc- devil, and confequenily not fo much as 
truly commence, miich lefa continue to be, his faithful fer-» 
¥ants and foldiers even to the end of our lives. 

- Surely, was the Apoftle Paul to rife from the dead, and 
read over, or hear of fuch ftrange pofitions, his fpirit, as once 
at jkhens^ would again be ftirred in him ; to fee a writer thus 
aktempting to g:e£t aa attar iot the public wori^iip of an un- 

1 ' 6 known 

/tinkffl b°^"^ OoD : i fay,, an unknown God. For ^<f^ is it poffi*^ 
lie, in the very nature of the thing, for us, who are by natur^ 
carnal ^nd fold under fin, ever to worfbip God, who is a fpi^ 
riti in fpirit and in truth, without fome inward manifefta- 
tidns of grace and fpirltual knowledge, fuperadded to tHd 
light of external revelation, to enable us fo to do ? For^ id 
apply what this Apoftle obferves upon a like occafionj << be 19 
BQta realchridian, who is only one outwardly ; butheaJoh^ 
18 4 true chriftian, who is one inwardly, whofe baptifen is tha£ 
rfdic heart, in the fpirit, and not merely of the water, whofe 
praife is not of man, but of God.'* And yet (would ydit 
think it f) this writer is fo unwary as to attempt to prefs this 
vciy Ap6Ale, that true aflfertor of the do£lrine of grace^ that 
genuine, irrefragable vindicator of the offices and operations 
of die Holy Spirit, into bis miftaken fervice. Never, I be* 
Ikvc,. were thA faint and the fcholar^ the gentleman and thd 
(kifttan,. more fweetly blended together, than in the charac^ 
t« and writings of this favourite of heaven. How often, my 
dfiv friend, in aur more retired moments, when coilverfingf 
tcigctber coacerning the lively oracles of God, have yoti. 
calkd upon me to take notice of this truly great man^s perti- 
Hdii^ I AWt and powerful preaching before Felix the governor^ a3 
^i&* I ^^'1 33 bi^i inexpreffiibly polite and perfiiafive addrefs to King 
rei^ I ^ir^fpa ? And how have you again and again read o^ver to 
-r^ I m^wd made remarks upon, thofe ftriking images, and t-hofe 
?3 I diviiie charadleriftics, which this accomplifhed mafter of hu- 
t| I man and divine rhetoric lays before us, in the xiiith chapter 
of htf firft epiftle to the Corint/jtans, of that moft exceDeiiti 
t I gr^QQ charity, or the love of God ? A grace fo abfolutely 
nfcceSury to the cbriftiaa life, that without it, to vi(€ the in- 
imitablct language of tbis infpired writer, " Though we hact 
a, miraculoua faith, fa as to remove mountains^ nay thouglf 
we fliQuId give all our goods to feed the poor, and even our 
bodies tQ be burjat^ it would profit us nothing.^' A gracd 
tbat never failetb, but a facred fomething of which we ihall 
eternaUy^ remain pofTeiTed, and be increafing in, even wbeti^ 
faith Ihall eadi in the vifion, and hope in the endlefs fruitidtt 
of the ever-bJeflSbd God. O my dear friend, how frequently 
biune our hearts burned within us, under the glowing warmtlt 
of fuscb an animating profpe£t I And yet, incredible as if 
Yot. IV- T majjf 


)€ canoi 
on, aai 
' grearc 

of the 
e relief 
o edi- 
A the 

t 290 ] 

nity feenl to you, I aiTure you^ that this very chapter i9 
fingled out by our haplefs Author, to prove, *' That fupet* 
*' natural manifcftations of grace and knowledge, and fpiri- 
** tual aids in fpiritual diftrefles, were the miraculous gifts of 
<* the primitive church, and were totally withdrawn on it« 
*' perfeft eftablifhrnent." Surely a more pertinent one could 
not be felcfted out of the whole New Teftament, to prove di- 
redlly the contrary. For let any man impartially examine the 
glorious infeparable properties and concomitants of this divine 
grace and gift, charity, recorded in thi| chapter, can he 
then make the lead doubt, whether any perfon living, can 
poffibly be polTefTed of this mod excellent gift, without thofe 
very fupernatural manifcftations of grace and knowledge, and 
thofe divine influences of the Holy Spirit exceeding the 
powers of humanity, which this unhappy writer would fain 
perfuade us are now abated or totally withdrawn. " Charity 
(fays our Apoftle) fuiFereth long, and is kind ; charity envieth 
not; charity vaunteth not itfelf, is not puffed up, feeketh 
not her own, is not eafily provoked, thinketh no evil, re- 
joiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth, beareth all 
things, hopeth all things, endureth all things/' Now can 
human reafon, v^ith all its heights -, can calm philofophy, 
with all its depths j or moral fuafion, with all its infinuating 
arts ) dct much as pretend to kindle, much lefs to maintain 
and blow up. into a fettled habitual flame of holy fire, fuch a 
fpark as this in the human heart ? Sooner might one attempt 
to extinguifh the moft rapid and devouring flames, by reading 
a le<fture upon the benefit of cold water; or reach out one's 
prefumptuous hand to create a new heaven and a new earth j 
than to dream of extinguifhing thofe innate, fiery^ paflions of 
envy, felfiflinefs, or malice, which this charity or love of God 
is here faid to militate againft ; or, to work or form the foul 
into any of thofe divine tempers here fpoken of, as the ge- 
nuine effefls and fruits of the love of Got). No, my dear 
friend, thefe are flowers not to be gathered in nature's garden. 
They are exotics 3 planted originally in heaven, and in the 
great work of the new birth, are tranfplanted by the Holy 
Ghoft, not only into the hearts of the firft Apoftles, or pri- 
mitive chriftians, but into the hearts of all true believers, 
even to the end of the world. For doubtlefs of all fuch 


r 291 } 

't* Paul fpeaks, when he fays, " Tribulatioh Worketh fJa- 
ience, patience experience, experience hope, and hope malceth 
lOt afliamed, becaufe the love of God is flied abroad in our 
«arts by the Holy Ghoft which is given unto us." And 
ience, doubtlefs, it is, that we were all in genera!, di reeled 
n one of the collects of our church, to *' pray to that Lord 
' who hath taught us, that all our doings without charity, 
' are nothing worth, that he would fend the Holy Ghoft^ 
^ and pour into our hearts that moft excellent gift of charity/* 
lo that, according to our refornjiers, fupernatural influence 
md manifeftations of grace and knowledge, are fo far from 
>eing totally withdrawn, that, in the end of this very collecS^^ 
hey teach us to confefs, that *' without them^*' or, which 
s tl^e fame, without the love of God poured into the heart 
jy the Holy Ghoft, ** whofoever liveth, is counted dead. be- 
fore hiai." But, if we will believe our Author, charity fig- 
[lifies little more than the outward eftablilhment of the chrif- 
tian churchy and confequently^ that the Apoftle means nd 
snore in this chapter than to Ihew us, " That prophecies^ 
^^ royfierics, knowledge," (i. e. according to this writer, all 
fupernatural knowledge) " were to ceafe when chriftianity 
"arrived to a perfect eftablifhment." Page 82. — Nay, 
fcorhing to tread in the fteps of Whitby^ Hammond^ Burkiti 
and every confiftent fpiritual expofitor of holy writ, our new 
commentator, out of his paradoxical genius ^ labours to prove, 
that when the great Apoftle afTertSj that " charity never fails,"^ 
and therefore hath the preference over faith and hope, he 
means nothing Ids than to aiTert its eternal duration^ and that* 
confequcntly his true meaning hath hitherto efcaped every un- 
wary reader but himfelf, pages 75^ 6* 7. Confcious, ncJ 
doubt, of this Angularity, and juftly aware of its needing 
fome apology, he very properly adds, page 82. that fuch an 
uncommon interpretation " inftruds the unwary reader, with 
'* what caution and application he fliould come to the fludy 
?' of that profound reafoning with which all Sti Paul^ 
•*. epiftles abound." And may I notj at leaft with as great 
propriety fubjoin, that this may alfo inftru£t evei^y unwary rea- 
der, with what caution he fhould come to the ftudy of that 
profound reafoning with which this treatife abounds ? fo very 
profound, that I believe ii exceeds the powers of humanity to 

T 2 faihom 

[ 29^ 1 

fathom its depths, fo far as to draw out of it any true, coiHi' 
filtent interpretation of the Apoftle's reafoning on this chapter 
at all. 

I might here add, my dear friend, fomc other fpccimensof 
our Author's manner of explaining fcripture, by his fine hu- 
man reafon : for inftance, ' Keeping ourfelves unfpotted 
from the world, he fays, page 157, fignifies only our ufing 
the means of grace/ And again, when the Apoftle Infomur 
us, Ephef. V, 9, " that the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodnefS| 
righteoufnefs, and truth," he tells us, that ** truth refers t» 
^^ chridian dodlrine, goodnefs to chriflian praftice, and bf 
*' righteoufnefs is meant, the condudi of thp whole to parti- 
*^. culars, and conAfts in that equal gentlenefs of goveriunent, 
<^ where church-authority is made to coincide with the 
•* private rights of confcience ; and this refers to cbriftian 
" difcipline * j" with feveral fuch like inftances, which even 
the moft unwary reader, without much ftudy or application, 
may meet with, fcattered up and down this Authojr's perform- 
ance J but this would be too great a digreffion. Indeed I 
£hould not have dwelt fo long even upon this extraordinary 
interpretation of the thirteenth chapter of the firft epiftle to 
the Corinthians^ had not the writer himfelf called it, this decifivt 
pojfage^ and given it as his opinion, page 76, " That this is 
'' the only exprefs declaration recorded in fcripture, to prove, 
*f that all fupernatural knowledge or divine influence was 
** to ccafe, when chriftianity was perfe<3Jy eftablifhed, or the 
*' world arrived at a perfect chriftian ftate." Bi\t every day's 
•experience, nay this Author's very book, proving beyond a 
doubt, that chriftianity is not as yet thus perfeSly eftablifhed; 
we may yet, according to his own principles, expe£l divine 
manifeftations of grace and knowledge, and fpiritual aids un- 
der fpiritual diftrtffes, without juftly incurring the imputation 
either of fuperttitipn or fanatlciCm. 

But to proceed. However profound and unintelligible our 
Author's commer:ts may be, yet, when he comes to fliew the 
reafonabkncfs and fimefs of an abatement or total withdraw- 

* How much more pertinent Is Mr. ClarJCs interpretation ? Accord- 
ing to l»im, ** Goodnefs is an inclination to do good to others, truth is 
freedom from hypocrify and diliimulatien, righteoufnefs is juft dealing." 
£phcj\ v. 9. 


r [ 293 J 

^9hg of divine influence in thefe laft days, (but woe to the chrif- 

plfan world if he fucceeds in his unhallowed attempt !) he 

^'^caks intelligibly enough. <* On the Spirit's firft dcfcent 

L- ^ upon the Apoftles, he found their minds rude and unln- 

** formed, firangers to all cel^fiial knowledge, prejudiced in 

^* favour of ^ carnal law, and utterly averfe to the dictates of 

«* theeverlaftinggofpeh The minds of thefe he illuminated, 

*^ and, by degrees, led into all truths neceflary for the profef- 

: *^ fbrs of the faith to know, or for the propagators of it to 

■ ^ teach," — True. — " Secondly, the nature and genius of 
\ •* the gofpel were fo Averfe to all the religious inftitutions of 

** the world, that the whole ftrength of human prejudices 
. ^ was fel in oppofition to it. To ovej^come the obftinacy and 

■ ** violence of thofe prejudices, nothing lefs than the power 
*^ of the Holy One was fufEcient."— Good. — " And, thirdly 
*^ and laftly. There was a time when the powers of this world 
*^ were combined together for its deftrucftion. At fuch a pe- 
** riod, nothing but fuperior aid from above, could fupport 
" humanity in fuftaining fo great a conflifl: as that which the 
*' holy martyrs encountered with joy and rapture, the horrors 
*^ of death and torment." — Excellent. — But what follows? 
r— According to our Author, 

Tempora mutantur^ nos et mutamur in Hits. 

*^ But now," (a dreadful hut it is !) the profeffion of chrif- 
" tianity is attended with eafe and honour ;" and we are now, 
it feems, fo far from being ** rude and uninformed, and ut- 
" terly averfe to the dictates of the everlafting gofpel, that 
*' whatever there may be of prejudice, it draws another way. 
** Confequentiy, a rule of faith being now eftabliflieu, the 
*' convidlion which the weight of human teflimony, and the 
«* conclufions of human reafon afford us of its truth, arc 
^* abundantly fulEcient to fupport us in our rtligious perfe- 
" verance; and therefore it muft certainly be a great mark of 
** fanaticifm, to expe£l fuch divine communications, as 
*^ though no fuch rule of faith was eftablifhed j and alfo as 
*' higfily prefumptuous or fanatical to imagine, that rule to 
** be fo obfcure, as to need the further affiftance of the Holy 
" Spirit to explain his own meaning." Pages 85, 86, 87, 88. 
ThiSj you will fay, my dear friend, is going pretty lar ; and 

T 3 indeed, 

[ ^94 ] 

TRvinrnil* luppoiirg: matters to be as this writer reprefcnts thcrp,^ 
I viv> :toc ec whd: great need we have of apy eftablifhed rul^ 
av ar» .i: Ic.iil la rclpecl to praftice, fince corrupt nature « 
.i>uiK...::: y I'uir'ciriu of itfclf, to help us to. perfeyere in s^, 
ul ^.v) I jr.c :vvu with eafe and honour. And I verily believe,, 
\n.\ iIk* L\iib throw afide this rule of f^ith entirely, not, 
b^iclv v>n account of a deficiency in argument to fupport its, 
auvhviuicicv, but becaufe, they daily fee fo many who profcfs, 
to hold tins cftabliflied, felf-denying rul? of f^ith with theif, 
lip-i, :)ctuvering all their lives long in nothing elfe but aa, 1 
v»io lei's Jii\d infdtiable purfuit after worldly eafe and honour,, i 
But >^hwic a total ignorance of human nature, and of the true, ! 
utialtcrable genius of the everUfting gofpel, doth, our Author*^, : 
ajjj^uir^ diicover ? For fuppofing, my dear friend, that thisi, 
oi AOY other writer fliould undertake to prove, that the ancient 
O**c*.o and Romans were born with fickly, difordercd, and, 
vi.izv bvH.iies, but that we, in modern days, being made of a 
hiu^cr mould, and being blefled with the eftabliflied rules of 
(,yjuft and Hippocrates^ need now no farther affiftance from 
a:»v puKu? phyfician, either to explain or apply thofe rule^^ 
1n> v>ur ptcfcnt ails and corporeal diftreffes 5 though we coul4 
iKV'^ without the help of fome linguift fuperior to ourfelves, fo 
tuiish as underftand the language in which thofe authors 
NviVto. Suppofing, I fay, any one was to take it into his 
>i,avi tv^ write in this manner, would he not be juftly deeiped 
a vi:ca;nii\g enthufjaft or real fanatic ? And yet this would 
b'.' iuvl a< rational as to infinuate, with our Author, that we 
whs^ 4!C born in thefe laft days, have lefs depravity in our na- 
U» V'ii K'f^ enmity to, and lefs prejudice againft the Lord 
t A^v'^ Chru^t, and lefs need of the divine teachings of the 
tV.illsl Spirit to help us to underftand the true fpiritual 
iiVsaiHii^ of the holy fcriptures, than thofe who were born in 
v-.v S; i{ ij^es of the gofpel. For as it was fornierly, fo itlis now^ 
vSv uatural man difcerneth not the things of the Spirit : and 
\vSv : *• Bccaufe they can only be fpiritually difcemed.*' 
^ui. when is it that w^ muft believe this Author ? For, p. 7IJ. 
H<: ;al\s of ** fome of the firft chriftians, who were in the 
^^ hippy circumftance of being found innocent, when they 
^^ \w'iv led into the practice of all virtue by the Holy iSpirit." 
V '4 w^kU Owcafion for that, if found innocent ? But ho^y 


[ ^95 y\ 

Minoccnt did the Holy Spirit find them ? Douttlefs, juft as" 
innocent as it finds us, '* Conceived and born in fin." Hav- 
ing in our flefli, our depraved nature, no good thing ; bring* 
ing into the world with us a corruption, which renders us liable 
to God's wrath and eternal damnation j with a carnal mind, 
which is enmity againft God, and a heart, the thoughts and 
imaginations gf which, are declared to be only evil, and that 
a(htinually ; and whofe native and habitual language, though 
horn and educated under a chriftian difpenfation, is identically 
the fame as that of the Jews^ ** We will not have the Lord 
Jesus to reign over us," This, and this alone, my dear 
friend, is all the innocence that every man, naturally the ofF- 
fyring of Jdam, whether born in the antideluvian, patriarchal, 
mofaic, apoftolic, or prefent age, can boaft of. And if this 
be matter of faft, (and who that knows himfelf can deny it ?) 
it is fo far from being fuperftitious or fanatical to aflert the ab- 
folute neceffity of a divine influence, or a power fuperior to 
that of humanity ; that it is a moll irrefragable argument for 
its continuance without the leaft abatement, or withdrawing 
wimtfoever. Daily experience proves, that without fuch a 
power, our underftandings cannot be enlightened, our wills 
fubdued, our prejudices and enmity overcome, our afFeflio'ns 
turned into a proper channel, or, in fliort, any one individual 
of the apofl'ate fallen race of jidam be faved. And if fo, what 
becomes of our Author's arguments, to fhew the fitnefs of an 
abatement or total withdrawing of divine influence in thefe 
gofpel days ? Might he not with as great confifl:ency, have 
undertaken to (hew, the fitnefs of an abatement or total with- 
drawing of the irradiating light and genial warmth of the na- 
tural fun ? For, as the earth on which we tread. Hands as 
much in need now of the abiding influence of the genial rays 
of that great luminaYy, in order to produce, keep up, and 
complete the vegetative life in grafs, fruits, plants, and flowers, 
as it did in any preceding age of the world; i'o our earthly 
hearts do now, and always will ftand in as much need of the 
quickening, enlivening, transforming influences of the Spirit 
of Jesus Christ, that glorious fun of righteoufnefs, as the 
hearts of the firft apoftles : if not to make us preachers, yet 
to make us chriltians, by beginning, carrying on, and com- 
plcating that holincfe in the heart and life pf every believer in 

T 4 every 

[ *9<J ] 
((very age, without wliicl^ no man living. (hbll fee the Load, 
^ad the fcriptures are fo for from encouraging us to plead for 
^ diminution of divine influence in thefe laft days of the gofi^ 
|pel, (lecaufe^n external rule of faith is thereby eftghliflied, that 
pi) the contrary, we are encouraged by this very eftabliflieii 
rule to expert) hope, long, and pray for larger and more ex¥ 
(enfive {bowers of divine influence than any former age bath 
ever yet experienced. For, are we not therein taught tx> j^ay, 
J' That we may be filled with all the fulnefs of GoD/Vand 
to wait for a glorious epocha, *' When the earth fhall be 
filled with the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover 
the feas ? " Do not all the faints on earth, and a}l the fpirits of 
juft men made perfedt in heaven ; nay, all the angels and 
archangels about the throne of the Mod High Gop, night 
and day, join in this united cry. Lord Jesus, thus let thy 
kingdom come ! 

But, by this time, my dear friend, I imagine you would be 
jglad to know againft whom thefe bruta fulmina^ this unfcrip« 
tural artillery is levelled. Our Author (hall inform you : 
f ' AH modern pretenders to divine influence in general j" and 
you may be aflfured '^ the po:ir Methodijls (thofe fcourges and 
eye-fores of formal, felf-righteous, letter-learned profcflbrs) in 
particular." To expofe, and fet thefe oft' in a ridiculous light, 
(a method that Julian^ after all his various tortures, found 
moft efFedual) this writer runs from Dan to Beerjheha\ gives 
us quotation upon quotation out of the Rev. Mr. John lf^ij!ey% 
Journals ; and to ufe his own fimils upon another occafion, 
by a kind oi Egyptian hufbandry, draws together whole droves 
of obfcene animals, of his own formation, who ru(h in fu- 
rioufly, and then trample the Journals, and this fe<ft, already 
every-where fpoken againft, under their feet. In reading this 
part of his work, I could not help thinking of the Papiftj 
drefTing John Hufs in a cap of painted devils, before they de- 
livered him up to the fecular arm. For our Author calls the 
Rev. Mr. John WeJIey^ " Pakry mimick, fpiritual empiric, 
*' fpiritual martialift, meek apollle, new adventurer." The 
Methodifts, according to him, are '' modern apoftles, the 
'' faints, new miilionaries, illuminated doctors, this feft of 
** fanatics. Methodifm itfelf is modern faintfhip. Mr. Law 
*' begat it, and Count Zinzendorff iqq]^^^ the cradle 5 and the 


C 297 ] 

devil himfdf is man-tnidwife to their nfew birth.** And yet 

this is the man, my tdtar friehd) who in his preface to this 

very book, lays it down^ as an inrariable inaxim, *« That 

** truth is never fo grofsly injured^ or its advocates fo di(ho- 

♦f noured, as when they employ the fooiifti arts of fophiftry, 

*' buffoonery, and perfohal abufe in its defence." By thy 

own pen thou fhah be tried, thbu baplefs^ miftaken advocate 

of the chriftian caufe. Nay, not Content with dreffing up this 

meek apoftle, this fpiritual empiric, thfcfe new mifEonarics, 

in bear-fkins^ in order to throw them out to be bated by ah 

ill-natured World, he proceeds to rake up the very afhes of 

the dead ; and, like the Witch of Endor^ as far as in him lies, 

attempts to bring up and difqutet the ghofts of Ohe of the moft 

venerable fets of men that ever lived upon the earth ; I mean 

the good old Puritans : '' For thcfe, (fays our Author) who 

^ now go under the name of Methodifts, in the days of our 

^« fore-fathers, under the firm reign of Q^Qcn' Elizabeth^ were 

*^ called Precifians ; but then, as a precious metal which^had 

'^ undergone its trial in the fire, and left all its drofs, the fe<a, 

^ with great propriety, changed its name," (a very likely 

•* thing, to give themfelves a nick-game, indeed) from Pre- 

•' cifian to Puritan. Then, in the weak and diftradled times 

** of Charles the Firjl^ it ventured to throw off the maflc, and 

** under the new name of Independant, became the chief 

** agent of all the dreadful diforders which terminated that 

** unhappy reign." So that according to this Author's heral- 

dicj genealogical fiftion, '* Methodifm is the younger daughter 

** to Independancy, and now a Methodift is an apoftolic In- 

^ dependant;" (God grant he may always deferve fuch a 

glorious appellation) " But an Independant was then a Ma^ 

" hometan Methodift." Pages 142, 143, 144. What! an 

Independant a Mahometan Methodift ? What ! the learned 

Dr. Owen^ the great Dr. Goodwin^ the amiable Mr, Hoive^ and 

thofe glorious worthies who firft planted the New-England 

churches, Mahometan Methodifts ! Would to God, that 

fiot only this writer, but all who now profcfs to preach 

Christ in this land, were not only almoft, but altogether 

fuch Mahometan Methodifts, in refpeft to the doftrine of di-» 

vine influence, as they were ! For I will venture to affirm, 

that if it had not been for fuch Mahometan Methodifts, and 

I their 

[ 298 ] 

tbcir fucceffoTS, the frcc-grace diffcnters, wc fhould (omejem 
ago, have been in danger of finking into Mahometan Metbo- 
dirm indeed ; I mean, into a chriftianity deftitute of any dt- 
irine influence manifefting itfelf in grace and knowledge, and 
void of any fpiritual aid in fpiritual diftrefies. But from fucb 
a chriftianity, good Lord deliver this happy land ! The de-- 
fign our author had in view in drawing fuch a parallel, is 
cafily fpen through. Doubtlefs, to expofe the prefent Metho- 
difts to the jcaloufy of the civil government. For, fays hc^ 
p* 142, ** We fee method ifm at prefent under a well cfta- 
*^ blilhed government, where it is obliged to wear a lefs aii- 
*^ daciois look. To know its true charader, we fhould fee 
•* it in all its fortunes." And doth this writer then, in order 
to gratify a finful curiofity of feeing methodifm in all its for- 
tunes, dcfure to have the pleafure of feeing the weak and di- 
ftra£ked times of Charles the firft brought back again ! Or 
dares he infmuate, that becaufe,. as he immediately adds, our 
country hath been produdtive of every ftrangc thing, '' that 
**• we are in the Icaft danger now of any fuch diftrafting turn, 
*^ fince we have a King upon the throne, who in his firft moft 
" giacious fpeech to both houfes of parliament, declared, he 
*' would preferve the aft of toleration inviolable ? And that 
•* being the cafe, bleffed be God, we are in no danger of any 
^ retuin of fuch weak and diftra<Sled times, either from the 
" apaftoJic independants, . Mahometan Methodifts, or any 
" religious fe£l or party whatfocver." My dear friend, '* if 
•' this is not gibetting up names with unregenerate malice, to 
*' cverlafting infamy," I know not what is. But it happens 
in this, as in limilar cafes, whilft men are thus bufy in gibbet- 
ing up the names of others, they unwittingly, like Hamariy 
when preparing a gallows for that apoftolic Independent, that 
Mahometan Methodift, Mordecai^ all the while are only eredl- 
ing a gibbet for their own. 

But, methinks, I fee you now begin to be impatient to know, 
(and indeed I have neither inclination nor leifure at prefent to 
purfue our author any further) who this can be that takes fuch 
gigantic ftrides ? I aflure you, he is zperfe^ Goliahin the reti- 
nue of human learning. Will you guefs ? — Perhaps Dr^ 

7* r o^ Norwich ;-r-no-T-he is dead. Certainly not a church- 
man I Yes ; a member, a minifter, a dignitary, a bifliop of the 


C 299 ] 

church of England i-^^nd^ to keep you no longer in fufpence, 
it is no lefs a man than Dr. Warburt^n^ the author of *' The 
** Divine Legation of Mofes^^ and now TVHRam LordBiJhop of, 
GlouceJIer. I know jou are ready to fay, " Tell it not in 
•* Gath^ publifli it not in the ftreets o{ Afcalon.'^ But, my. 
dear friend, what can be done ? His Lordfbip hath publifhedL 
ithimfelf: nay, his book hathjuft gone through a fecond 
impreffion; and tl^t you may fee and judge for yourfelf, 
whether I have wronged his Lordfliip or not, (as it is not 
very weighty) I have fent you the book itfelf. Upon the pc- 
rufal, I am perfuad^d you will at leaft be thus far of my opi- 
nion, that however decus et tutamen is always the motto en- 
graven upon a bijhap^s mitre^ it is not always moft certain, 
though his Lordfliip fays it is, p. 202, that they are written 
in every prelate's breaJiP And how can this prelate in parti- 
cular, be faid to be the ornament and Jjafeguard of the Chur<:h 
. of England? when his principles are as direftly contrary to the 
offices of that churcb, over which he is by divine permiffion 
made overfeer, as light is contrary to darknefs. You know, 
my dear friend, what our minifters are taught to fay when 
they baptize : ** I befeech you to call upon God the Father, 
*' through our Lord Jesus Christ, that of his bounteous 
^* goodncfs he will grant to this child that thing which by. 
** nature he cannot have." But what fays his Lordfhip? 
^* All influence exceeding the power of humanity^ is miracu- 
*^ Ipus, and therefore to abate or be totally withdrawn, now 
*« the church is perfeftly eftabliflied." What fay they when 
they catecbife ? ^' My good child, know this, that thou art 
** not able to do thefe things of thyfelf, nor to- walk in the 
*' commands of God, and to ferve him without his fpecial 
«« grace'' But what fays his Lordfhip ? ** A rule of faith be- 
f ^ ing now eftabliflied, the conviilion which the weight of 
*' human iejtimony^ and the conclufions of human reafon afFord, 
*< are abundantly fufficient to fupport us in our religious per- 
<< fev6rance." What fays his Lordfhip himfelf, when he 
confirms children, thus catechifed ? *' Strengthen them, we 
<« befeech thee, O Lord, with the Holy Ghoft, the Com- 
f' forter, and daily increafe in them thy manifold gifts of 
** grace, the fpirit of wifdom and underftanding, the fpirit 
f< of counfel and ghoftly ftrength.** But what f^ys his Lord- 


r 303 ] 

fhtp, when he Tpeaks his own fentiments ? " AI! iids in fpU 
<« ritual diftrefles, as well as thofe which adminiftered help irt 
** corporeal difeafes, are now abated or totally withdrawn.'^ 
What fays his Lordfliip when he ordains ? ** Ddft thou truft 
<* that thou art inwardly moved by the Holy Ghoft ? then^ 
« receive thou the Holy Gholt." 

Come^ Holy Ghoft ^ our fouls infplre^ 
And lighten with cel'ejiial fire : 
Thou the anointing Spirit arty 
Who doft thy f even- fold gifts impart^ 
Thy bkjfed un^ion from above ^ 
Is comfort y lifey and power of lovi \ 
Enable with perpetual lighty 
The dulnefs of our blinded fight. 

What fays his Lordfbip when pronouncing the bleffingr 
•« The peace of God, which pafleth all underftanding, keep 
" your hearts and itiinds in the knowledge and love of God/' 
But tvhat fays his Lordlhip when retired to his ftudy ? *^ All 
** fupernatural influence, manifefting itfelf in grace and knoi«r- 
•* ledge, is miraculous, and therefore to ceafe under a perfeflE 
<< eftablifcment." — What fays? — But I check myfelf; for 
the time would fail me, was I to urge all thofe quotations 
that might be produced out of the articles, homilies, and pub- 
lic 'offices, to confront and invalidate the whole tenor and 
foundation of his Lordfbip's performance. But how it is 
confiftent with that wildom which is from above, fand by 
which his Lordlhip attempts to arraign, try, and condemrt 
the Reverend Mr. John JVefiey) to fubfcribe to, and make 
ufe of public offices, in the church, and then as publicly d^ny 
and contradiiSt them in the pref&, I leave to his Lord(hip*s 
more calm and deliberate confideration. Sure I am, if 
Weighed in the fame balance, his Lordfhip would be found 
equally wanting, at leaft. Indeed, during the whole trial, 
1 could fcarcely refrain breaking out into the language of 
the eunuch of Queen Candaccy to Philip the evangelift^ 
*' Speaketh the prophet this of himfelf, or of fome other 
** man ?" I hope, my dear friefid, you know me better than 
to fufpedt I thus retort upon his Lordfhip, in order to throw 
jduft in your eyes to prevent your feeing what Ms Lordfhip 


C 30t 1 

inay juftty except agamft, in the conduft of the Methodiiis 
in general, or in the journals of the Reverend Mr. John Wijley 
in particular. Whatever that indefatigable labourer may 
think of his, you know I have long fince publicly acknow-r 
lodged, that there were, and doubtlefs, though now i^VkX 
forth in a more correft attire, there are yet, many exception-- 
able pajpiges in my journals. And I hope it will be one of the 
conftant employments of my declining years, to humble my^ 
felf daily before the Moft High God, for the innumerable 
mixtures of corruption which have blended tbemfelves with 
my feeblcj but, I truft, fmgere endeavours, whether front^he 
prefs or pulpit, to promote the Redeemer's glory, and the 
eternal welfare of precious and immortal fouls. And, I affure 
you, that if his Lordlhip had contented himfelf with pointing 
. out, or even ridiculing any fuch blemifties or imprudencies, 
or yet ftill more important miftakes, in my own, or any of 
the Methodifts conduft or performances, I fliould have ftood 
intirely filent. But when I obferved his Lordfliip, through 
almoft his whole book, not only wantonly throwing about 
the arrows and firebrands of fcurrility, buffoonery, and per- 
fonal abufe, but, at the fame time, on account of fome un- 
guarded expreflions and indifcretions of a particular fet of 
honeft, though fallible, men, taking occafion to wound, 
vilify, and totally deny the all-powerful, ftanding operations 
of the Bleffed Spirit, by which alone, his Lordftiip or any 
• other man living can be fan6lified and fealed to the day of 
eternal redemption, I muft own that I was conftrained to vent 
myfelf to you, as a dear, and intimate friend, in the manner 
I have done. Make what ufe of it you pleafe j perhaps here- 
after I may trouble you with fome further remarks. 

At prefent, you know I am on the road to Scotland^ in or- 
der to embark for America, And therefore I would now only 
obferve to you further, that the unguarded unwary method 
made ufe of by his Lordfliip to ftop, will rather ferve to irt- 
creafe and eftablifli, what he is pleafed to term a fecSt of fana- 
tics. The more judicious Bifliop Burnet^ (as I heard an 
acute advocate once obferve,) in the general affembly of the 
Church of Scotland^ prefcribed a much better (and ifideed the 
only effeilual and truly apoftolic) way to ftop the progrefs of 
the puritan minifters, when complained againft by fome of 


( 305 I 

Recommendatory l*itEPAefi t6 thd 
Works of Mr. JohnBunyani 

Ghrifilan Keader^ 

tF fiich thott art in reality, of if ohjjr i feafc blitvirdrcl i^tSttt^ 
for, tfiou nefedeft not be informed, that the all-gratip(li 
Emmanuel^ in tKe days of his flefh, after he had grven lis i 
glorious dif])lay of thfe divine fovereigntjr iri difpenfing th<S 
feverlafting gofpel, broke forth into thefe ertlphatic words; 
^* I thank thefe. Holy Father, Lord of heaven arid eirth^ 
'* that thou h^ft hid thefe things from the wife and prudenti 
'*and haft revealed therh urrtoi babes. Even ft), Father^ 
.**forfoit feemed good iri thy fight." Agreeable to this^ 
fays ^he great Apoftle of the Gentiles^ *« Gob hatti thofeA 
** the foolifh things 6f this world td confound the wiffe : SinH 
*' GoE< hdth qho'feh the Weak things of thfc vvofld, to con- 
" found the things which arc ihighty i and bafe thirigs 6f thd 
" worlds and things which are defpifed hath Goi> cHofen^ 
**yeal, and things that afe not, to tiring to nought thing^ 
*« that afe." And why ? Th^t rid flefh fhoUld glory in hii 

Perhaps, next to the firft pUbliflief^ of the gofpel 6f th^ 
Weflfed Gob, thefe fayings were he^er more ftrdhgly exeni- 
plified in any fingle individual (at leaft ih this, or the laft ccn-* 
turyj than w the tonirerfion, mihiftry and \*ritings df thatt 
tminent fervant of j£sus CriRiST, Mr. John Bunpn^ wh<i 
Was of the nneaneft occupation, and a fiotoriou^ fabbath- 
bfeaker, drunkard, Avearef, blafphemer, &c. by habituat 
^rafticc : And yet, through rich, free, fovereign,- dfftinguifti* 

Vol. tV. (J ir^ 

f3o6 J 

ing grace, he was chofen, called, and afterwards formed, hf 
the all-powerful operations of the Holy Ghoft, to be a fcribe 
ready inftrufted to the kingdom of God. The two volumes 
of his works formerly publifbed ^ with the great fuccefs that 
attended them in pulling down Satan*s ftrong- holds in finners 
hearts, when fent forth in fmaH detached parties, are preg* 
nant proofs of thrSi Some of them have gone through a 
great variety of editions- His Pil^rhm Progrefi in particular, 
hath been tranflated. into various languages, and to this day 
is read with the greateft pleafure,, not only by the truly feri- 
ous, of divers religious perfuafion«, but likewife by thofe, to 
whom pleafure is the end of reading. Surely it is an^ original^ 
and we may fay of it, to ufe the words of the great Dodlor Gw//- 
win in his preface to the epiille' to thc^ EpheJianSy that it fmell» 
oi the prifon. It was written when the author was confined 
in Bedford-goal. And minifters never write or preach fo well 
as when under the crofs : the fpirit of Christ and of glory 
then refts upon them. 

It was this,, no doubt, that made the Puritans of the lafi 
century fuch burning and fliining lights. When caft out by 
the black Bartholomew- a^^ and driven from their refpeftive 
charges to preach in barns and fields, in the highways and 
hedges, they in an efpecial manner wrote and preached a> 
men having authority. Though dead, by their writings they 
yet fpeak : a peculiar undion attends them to this very hour ^ 
and for thefe thirty years paft I have remarked, that the more^ 
true and vital religion hath revived either at home or abroad, 
the more the good old puritanical writings, or the authors of 
a like fiamp who lived and died in communion of the church 
of England, have been called for. Among thefe may be juftly 
reckoned thofe great luminaries, Bifhop Jewels Ufher^ jfn- 
drewsy, Hall^ Reynolds^ Hopkins^ JVilkinSy Edwards^ who, 
notwithftanding a difference of judgment in refpefl: to out- 
ward church-government, all agreed (as their printed works 
manifeftly evince) in aflerting and defendiitg the grand efl[en«. 
tial truths for which the Puritans, though matters of an in- 
ferior nature were urged as a pretext, chiefly fuflFered, and 
were ejeded. The impartial Doftor Hodges therefore (late 
proyoft of Oriel Collegi ia Oxford), in his elaborate treatife in- 

t 307 y 

titled ElihUy hatt done hitnfelf honour in feyihg, that •* th(j 
^^ old Puritans and Preibyterianfi in general^ till a divigoii 
.•' happened lately among themi dcfervc praife for their ftdady 
** and firnnradhercnce to the principal and fundamental doti^ 
** trines of chriftianity." Their works ftill praife theth in the 
gates ; and Without pretending to a fpirit of prophecy, wd. 
m^y venture to affirm, that they will live and flourifli, wheii 
inore^ modern performances, of a contrary caft, notwithftand- 
ing their gaudy and tinfelled trappings, will languifli and die 
in the efteem of thofe, whofe underftandings are opened to- 
difcern what comes neareft to the fcripture ftandard. 

This confideration, hath induced me td preface the prefent 
large and elegant edition of the Reverend Mr. John Bunyans 
works ; which, with the unparalleled commentary of the good 
Mr; MaUhew Henryy the pious and praSical writings of the 
excellent Mr. Flavely and the critical and judicious toiiimeii- 
taries and trails of the accurate Docftor Owen^ I hear are en- 
quired after^ and bought up, more and more every day. The 
laft forementioiied worthy, though himfelf fo great a fcholar^ 
and for foipe time chancellor of one pf our moft famous uni- 
VerfitieS, as I have beeh credibly informed^ attended on the 
fermotls^ and countenanced the minifterial labours of our 
Reverend author ; when, by reafon of his being unfkilled iil 
the learned languages, and a few differences in lefler nratters 
(as will Hlways be the cafe in this mixed ftat(5 of things) he 
Was lightly efteemed by fome of lefs tnkrged fentiments. 
But this^ I muft ovl^n, more particularly endears Mr. Bunydri 
to my heart 5 he was of a catholic fpirit, the want of water 
adult bapiifm with this man of Gob, was no bar to outward 
thriftian communion. And I am perfuaded, that if^ like him^ 
V^e were more deeply and experimentally baptized into the be- 
tiign and gracious influences of the bleffed Spirit, we ihould 
be lefs baptised into the waters of ftrife, about circumflantials 
«id noft-effentials, JP*or being thereby rooted and grounded 
iil tfiC love of Gcp, we ihould necefTarily be confirained 
to think, and let thinks bear with slnd forbear one another 
in love ; and without faying ^^ I am of Paul, Apollos^ or 
Qtphai^* have but one grandj laudable, difiritereflbpd ftrife, 
namely^ who ihould live^pteach and exalt the evcfrolbvingralto- 

U a - gcther 


[ 50« ) 

gether lorely Jesus moft. That thefe volumes may be blefi te 
beget» promote and increafe fuch divine fruits of real and 
♦und efilcd religio n in the hearts, lips and lives of readen. 
of all ranks and denominations, is the ekrneft prayer off 

Chriftian reader. 

Thy fours well-wiflier in our common Lord, 

tindoHj Jan. 3, 1767. 

Georoe Whitbfield. 

X { \ 


A L«^. 

L E T T E R 


r Reverend Dr- D U R E L L, 


^ Vice-Ch ANCELLOR of thc Umvcrfity of 




A late EXPULSION of Six Students 
from Edmund-Hall. 

Tea, auJivfy even of your/elves judge ye not what is right ? 

Luke xii. 57* 

Judge righteous judgment. John vii. 24. 

<! * ■■ ' ' ' 


[ 3" ] 


i T O T H R 

Reverend Dr. D u r e l l. 

Reverend Sify London^ April 12, 1768* 

YOU being a Maftcr of I/rael^ and placed at the head of 
one of the moft renowned feats of learning in the world, 
need not be informed, that the miffion of the Holy Ghoft is 
the one grand promife of the new, as the coming of Jesus 
Christ was the great promife of the Old Teftament difpen- 
fation. " I will pray the Father, (fays our bleffed Lord 
to his almoft difconfolate Difciples) and he (hall give you 
another Comforter/* And again, **It is expedient for you, that 
I go away; for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come 
urito you ; but if I depart (it being the purchafe of his all- 
atoning blood, and defigned to be the immediate fruit and 
proof of the reality of his refurre<aion, and fufofequent afcen- 
iion into heaven) I will fend him unto you." And that they 
might know, that this Comforter was npt to be confined to, 
or monopolized by them, but was to be of {landing general 
ufe, he immediately gives them intimations of the defign and 
nature of his oiHce ; and therefore adds, ^' and when he is 
come, he will convince the world of fin, and of righteoufnefs^ 
and of judgment," 

A ft range, and till then unheard of, promife, this ! Such 
as a Confucius^ Zoroaft^r^ or any other fiftitious uriinfpired 
prophet or lawgiver never dreamt of. A promife, which none 
but one, who was^GoD over all, could dare to make; a pro- 

U 4 mifC|^ 

fiimlk^f «(^h(cK <^m but one^ who was God ovtr all, couk 
-ifoS^biy fulfil. ^ 

^»T 'Agreeable to this promife, h^ having afccnded up on high 
'.»lcd.captivit)ncaptive, and received this gift for men, the divine 
r Pawclete, this Holy Ghoft, ** on the day of Pentecoft, came 
'<'^do4lf^ from he]|vcn like .g rulhing mighty wiq^ ; and thqfc 
cap{kared cloven tongues, iike as of fire, and ftt upon each 
vpfthe Apoftles." The efFedls were immediate and vifiblc} 
-^Hpoor, illiterate filhermen, inftaptaneoi^ily comrrienced fcholars, 

preachers, orators. And well they might ; for, being filled 
QJWkhthe Holy Ghoft, as the Spirit gave them utterance, thq 
lubegan io fpea]^ with pchef tong^es the woi^d^rf^l tilings o 
v^GoD. . 

fi: But what was all this divine apparatus, this divine preach 
■s^^jng^ thiy divine oratory intended for ? The following verft 
( infofin us-V the hearers of 'thofe wonderful things, the fpcc 
'lojatorsof this tranfcendently aniazing fccnp, *' werepricke 
'?.to -the heart,- and were made to cry out. Men and brethren 
ti-idvhat (ImH wp do? And the fame day were added to this infan 

church about three thoufand fouls/* Here were proofs, fub 

jftanti^l, inconteftable .proofs, of the reality of the refurreQioj 
^ ^tt€id aftenfiori, and like wife of the efficacy of the ^11-powerfu 
tiintcrceiJSon of their once crucified, but now exalted Lord 
i^mot only fubflantial and inconteftabfe, but at the fame tim 
i^htirtly fuitable to the pature of his miflion, who in the day 
/ijpf hi^ flefti, by his doftrines aqd miracles declared, that hi 
/ piriy defign m coming into oUr world, was to fave finners. 
.tn-^pon this rock, namely, ** an experimental manifeftatioi 
♦nfiind apprticatipn of his divinity to the renewed heart," (whic 
3ofclh an jl blood, human reafon, vain philofophy, moral fuafion 
'«vjpri|«yv Of ?^^' barely external evidence whatfoever, cannot re 
.•'TjwatD^'hfaihhetuilt, doth he pow build, and will continue t< 
3vBoilt^'hi6-«haFGh 5 and therefore it is, that the gates, neithe 

|he power nor policy of hell, fcall ever be able to prevai 
ooipgiflnfft it.""' By the influence of this almighty Agent, hath h 
'• prOfpiM^ fo b^ with his qiiniftefs and people, even to the en< 
''^fllU> Wofrld.i And agreeable to 'this, hath taught us daily t 
r3At^^ 'th^tihis Kingdom may cofne; which being to be begun 
;3rffii<)i>rtiediot^> and ^completed, by one continued emanation c 
v^^iVine^infjlle^ce .^ojfnmunicate^l t^ beliemsw in the ufe of a1 
.;^ \ appointed 

[ 3»3 ] 

appointed means, can alone enable us to doGoD^twiil o(| 
eanii, with any degree of that unanimity, chearfulnefs, uiii- 
.vcrfalit)^ and perfever^nce, as it is done by the holy Angels 
above. And as this is the daily united prayer of the whole 
catholic church, however diftreffed or difperfed, and however 
varying as to circumftantials and non-eiTentials, over the whole 
earth; it followeth, that every addition of any individual mo- 
Bument of olivine- mercy, out of every nation, language, or 
tongue, niuft be looked upon in part, as an anfwer to the 
daily prayer of every individual believer under heaven. 

Hence, no doubt, it is, that as the angels are fent forth to 
be miniftring fpirits, to minifter to thofe who (hall be heirs of 
falvation, that there is faid to be ** joy in heaven over every 
finner that repenteth.'* And as there is joy in heaven, fo in 
proportion as men rife into the nature of angels, will there be 
joy alfo upon the fame account amougft good men on earth* 
Accordingly, the lively oracles inform us, that ** when the 
Apoftles and Brethren which were in Judea ht^itA that the 
Gentiles alfo had received the word of God, they glorified 
him, faying, then hath God alfo to the Gentiles granted re* 
pentance unto life/* 

And conformably to this, we are told, that ** when Bar^ 
nabas came to Jntioch^ and faw the gface of God, he was 
glad/' And why ? Becaufe he was a good man, and full of 
the Holy Gboft and of faith. And as the fame caufe will al- 
ways be produdive of the fame efFc<9:, perfons endued with 
the fame benign and godlike difpofition with this good man, 
will always be glad when they fee or hear of any fcriptural 
marks, or praftical evidences of true and undefiled religion^ 
jwrought in, or appearing upon any fubjecl of divine grade 
whatfoever. And this joy muft necefl'arily rife, in proportion 
as fuch fubjefts, either by their abilities, or circumftances, 
^nd fituation in life, promife more important and extenfivt 
iifefulnefe in the world and church of Goo. 

No wonder therefore, reverend Sir, that it hath gladdeaed 
the hearts of many, and afforded matter of uncommon ioy 
^nd thankfgiving to the Father of mercies and GoD^.pfc^H 
ponfolation, to' hear, that for fome time paft there hathJboen 
g more than common religious concern and zeal for promoting 
(heir QWi^ WA Pt}iers falvation, among fome of thefons ofjhi 


C 3H ] 

PfMphitu What a pleafii^g profpe£l bath hereby been opened 
gf a future bleiSng to the riling generation ! A bleffing, which 
we well hoped, would be not lefs falutary and beneficial to the 
mora], than the new crufe of fait was to part of the natural 
world, which the Prophet EUJhoy when complaint was made 
that the water was naught and the ground barren, caft into 
the fpring of waters, with a ^\ thus faith the Lord, there 
iball not be from thence, any more dearth or barren land : 
io the waters were healed unto this day." 

But alas I how is this general joy damped, and the pleafing 
pfofpeS almoft totally eclipfed, by a late melancholy fcene ' 
exhibited in that very place, from whence, as from a fountain^ 
many of their preachers frequently and exprcfly pray, that 
pure ftreams noay for ever flow, to water the city of the living 
God? You need not be told, reverend Sjr, what place I mean; 
it was the famous univ^rfity of Oxford, Nor need I mention 
tbe'fcene exhibited ; it was a tribunal, a vifitatorial tribunal^ 
ere^d in Edmund-Hall -, fix pious fludents, who promifed to 
be the fait of the earth, and lights of the world, entire friends 
to the doArines and liturgy of our church, by a citation pre- 
vioufly fixed upon the college door, were fummoned to appear 
before this tribunal* They did appear ; and, as fome were 
. pleafed to term it, were tried, convi£led, and to clofe the 
fcene, in the chapel of the fame hall, confecrated and fet 
apart for nobler purpofes, had the fentence of expulfion pub- 
licly read and pronounced againft them. 

So fevere a fentence, in an age when almoft every kind of 
proper difcipline is held with fo lax a rein, hath naturally ex- 
cited a curiofity in all that have heard of it, to inquire, of 
-vfaat notable crime tbefe delinquents may have been guilty, 
to deferve fuch uncommonly rigorous treatment. But how 
will their curiofity be turned into indignation, when they arc 
told, that they were thus rigoroufly handled for doing no evil 
at all, and that ^' no fault (:oul(i be found in them, fave in 
the law of their God ?'^ 

It is true indeed, one article of impeachment was, *^ that 

■ feme of them were of trades before they entered into the uni- 

verfity." But what evil qr crime worthy of expulfion can 

there be in that ? To be called from any, though the meaneft 

mechanic employ^ to the ftudy of th^ libera) arts, where a 


i 3H } 

natural genius hath been given, was never jn^t looked upon ag 

a reproach to, or diminution of, any great and public charac^ 
tcr whatfoever. Pro/am htftory aiFords us a variety of examples 
9f the greateft heroes, who have been fetched even from the 
plough, to command armies, and who performed the greateft 
exploitf for their country's good. And if we examine y^r^r^i/ 
hiftory^ we (hall find, that even David, after he was anointed 
king, looked back with fweet complacence to the rock fromi 
whence he was hewn, and is not afhamed to leave it upon re- 
cord, that '' Gop took him away from the iheep-folds, as he 
was following the ewes great with young ones;" and as though 
he loved to repeat it, ^^ he took him, (fays he) that he might 
feed Jacobjhis people, and Ifrael his inheritance." 

But why fpeak I of David? When Jesus of Nazantb^ 
J^avid's Lord, and David's King, had for his reputed father 
a carpenter, and in all probability, as it was a common pro- 
verb among the Jews, that ^' he who did not teach his fon a 
trade, taught him to be a thief;" he worked at the trade of a 
carpenter himfelf ? For this, indeed, he was reproached and 
Unaligned ; " Is not this, faid they, the carpenter's fon? Nay, 
is not this the carpenter ?" But who were thofe maligners ? 
The greateft enemies to the power of godlinefs which the world 
ever faw, the Scribes and Pharifees; that " generation of vi- 
pers," as John the Baptiji calls them, who upon every occafioa 
were fpitting out their venom, and ihooting forth their arrows, 
pven bitter words, againft that Son of man, even that Son of 
Gop, who, to difplay his fovereignty, and confound the wif- 
dom of the worldly wife, chofe poor fifhermen to Se his 
Apoftles ; and whofe chief of the Apoftles, though bred up at 
tthe feet of Gamaliel, both before and after his call to the apof- 
tleihip, laboured with his own hands, and worked at the trade 
of a tent- maker. 

If from fuch exalted and more diftant, we defcend to more 
^itodern and inferior chara£lers, we (hall find, that veryJate, 
not to fay our prefent times, furnifh us with inftances of fomc, 
f;ven of our dignitaries, who have been called from trades that 
tended to help and feed the body, not only to higher employs 
of a fpiritual nature, but even to prefide over thofe that are 
entrufted with the cure of fouls. And who knows but fome 
9f thefe young ftudenls, though originally mechanics) if they 

I Si6 -i 

. Iwd bcfn jf^ffcrc^^havc purfucd^ their ftudles, mi^t<|ia¥0 
Cjihcr. climbed ^fterthjrtn to fome preferment in the cbufrch^ 
or^ btrcn a.(Jyanc?d Jto fome office in that univcrfity from which 
they are now expelled f One of the prefcnt revecend ,and 
worthy. Prodors, we are told, was formerly a Lieutenant ia 
the army J and as fuch a military employ was no impediment 
ip his being a miniflcr or Prodlor, it may be prefumed, that 
being formerly of trades could have been no jufl; impediment 
tQ thefe young men becoming, in procefs of time, true gofpel 
minifters andgood foldiers of Jesus Christ. 

Their being accuftomed to prayer, whether with or with- 
out a form, 1 humbly apprehend, would by no means difqua* 
lify them for the private or public difcharge of any part of 
their minifterial funftion. *' In that day, that gofpel-day, 
(ihefe laft days wherein we live) faith the great God, I will 
pour out a Spirit of grace and a Spirit of fupplication upon the 
houfe of Davidy and upon the inhabitants of Jnufalem^^' And 
the Apoftle PW fpeaks of it as the common privilege of all 
believers, that '^ the Holy Spirit helps their infirmities, and 
maketh interceiUon for them with groanings which cannot be 
uttered." Forms of prayer, certainly, have their ufe; and 
take it altogether, our EngUJh liturgy is, without doubt, one 
of the moft excellent eflabliflied forms of public prayer in the 
world : but then, as no form, in the very nature of the things 
can pofiibly fuit every particular cafe, it is to be feared that 
n:any muft never pray, at leaft for the particular things they 
moft ftand in need of, if they are fo to be tied up to their 
forms, that they cannot vary from them, or ufe free prayer at 

^ The great Bi&op Wilkim therefore wifely wrote an excel- 
lent treatife, on the benefit and importance of this kind of 
prayer; and. could our univerfity-youth be trained up to ufe 
Pfoper extempore prayer, both before and after fermon ; in the 
«>pinion of" ali good judges, it would be as commendable, as 
ibat flrangexuftom of putting off out auditories with what is 
r^lcd the bidding prayer \ in which thcrie is. not one petition 
for a blefliijg upon.the following fermon, and fcarce any thing 
n^er.tionedv bi*t what hath been prayed for over and over again, 
in 4h^.-}H-9i^^4ing common fervice^of our church, 
.^ittiiytpyfin^, fucfe liberty {heuld be denied iny public^ M-, 


t 3'^ 1 
*fcired be Gob It Ss not, (liv^\y Wmay'be a^^^^ 
it cariitot be deemed fihful, to ufe free grayer YA tu'r Tecret^ oiT 
private focial exercifts of ^ievotiqiri. If fo, wtialt finiiersi wbi 
great finnets muft they have been, who prayed, 'and that t6o* 
out of ndceffity, in an (?>^'tempore way. Before any fornis of 
prayer were or could be printed or heard of? The'prayeris;'' 
we read of in fcripture, the prayers which Opened and {tut 
heaven, the effedlual, fervent, energetic prayers of tKofe righ-* 
teous and holy men of old, which availed fo much With God', 
were all of an extempore nature. And I am apt to b^ievi^i 
if not only our ftudents and miniftcrs, but private 'ehrifflans, 
were bom from above, and taught of GoDi is thiofe Wfeftleb^ 
with God were, they would not want forms of* prayer, though 
we have fuch a variety of them, any riiore thah tHey.dftl.^ '^.' • 

The fick, the larte, the blind, the kper^ thk caAit tci' iniir 
Lord for healing, wanted no book to t.each therii libvi^ to iiki* 
prefs their wants. Though fome were only poor begg^ft,''att'a 
others, as the felf-righteous Scribes and Pharlfees (\iflettJJi6uHy 
chofe to term them, " Gentile dogs^'* yet, confctdus 6f tWeFf' 
wants, and having a heart-felt fenfe of their diftrefi, -^ifu^ 
of the abundance of their hearts their mouths f^ake;'^^^^^ 
the compajflionate EmmanUf/^ '^ho came to hcPal 6tir fidchefles^ 
and bear our infirmities, feht them away with^a " Gb^ itt* 
peace, thy faith hath made thee whole : be it tirito thee eVeid' 
as thou wilt,*' ''^ - • - ' ; "-^ 

How unlike, yea how Very unjlke fuch a bleffed ^fi^ifEbni^ 
is the treatment thefe young ftudertts have latfely hic^ witfe at' 
Edmund" Hall? who, amohgft other crimes of a like naiture*"^ 
. were expelled for vftng extempore prayer^ A crime no^ fo much' 
as mentioned in any of our law-books y a erih>i,*-f^r:Whith, 
in this laft century at leaft, no one hath ever bee/idrikd^ftS' 
the bar of any public court of judicature; -and acrimc?,' for 
which, it is to be hoped, no ftudcnt will jevervheiiwtftW be^ 
fummoned to appear and hear himfelf expetledy i^ the 'bar'(5f * 
any of the reverend Dodlors of divinity, or heafdajof hou(5is*ini' 
the univerftty of Oxford. ' But (hould any be fd.iiafatuJated »4 • 
to determine, y/Att-)ike, to drive* on thus furiouflji-iiSsijUdgw' 
ment hath unhappily begun, as it were, ^ theVei-y^tdtffe 'Of^ 
GoD, it is to be hoped, that as fome hav5 been ^)i^lillfe(^^!fbi»^ 
4xt0mp9re pra/irtgy Wjs (tidll h^ar of fomt fewo^ers^J^k^JkiK- 
. ." ' Z tVMy 

t ^8 ] 
irtiry fiamp, being expelled for exUmpor/ Jivearingi Which if 
ali impartial judges muft undoubcedlj be acknowledged to-bd 
the greater crime of the two. 

Singing, compofing, or reading hymns compofed by otbeni 
and doing this in company, feems to be as little criminate as 
praying extempore. When the laft words of David are about 
to be recorded, he is not only ftiled, *• the fon of yeffiy At 
man who was raifed up on high, the anointed of the Gc^ of 
Jacob," but the grand title of being " the fweet PTalmift of 
Jfrail," brings up the rear. And ** to teach and admonifll 
one another in pfalms, and hymns, and fpiritual fongs,** is 
as truly a fcriptural command, as ^* thou {halt love the LoRH 
tl)y Goo with all thy heart, and with all thy foul^ and witk 
all thy ftrength, and thy neighbour as thyfelf/' 

When Elijha the Prophet was about to prophefy before tWQl 
kings, he called for a minftrel, on which he played, to footh 
his ruffled paflions, and prepare his heart the better for the 
reception of the Holy Spirit. And were the fons of the Pro-^ 
phets more frequently to entertain themfelves thus, I believe 
it would be as fuitable to the minifterial charader, and recom- 
mend them as much, perhaps more, to all ferious chriftians^ 
than their tripping up their heels, fkipping and dancing at the 
mufic of a ball-room, or playing even a firft fiddle at a concert. 
And was the voice of fpiritual melody more frequently heard by 
thofe who come occafionally to vifit our colleges, it might be 
as much to the honour of the univerfity, as the more common 
and too, too frequent noife of box and dice, at the unlawful 
games of hazard and back-gammon. 

Popi(h countries, popi(h feminaries, think it no fhame, no 
difgrace to be heard finging the high pratfes of their GoD in 
their convents, their houfes, or even in their ftreets ; and why 
proteftants in general, and protefiant fludents in particular^ 
ihould be any more afliamed of, or reftraincd from the free 
exercife of fuch a£ls of devotion, either alone, or in private 
focieties, no good reafon can be given ; ufilefs it be proved, to 
be good reafoning to aflert, that ** Proteftants ought to be 
" lefs devout than Papifts.'' We muft confefs, that Papiftsy 
though they take this liberty of finging and chanting privately 
and publicly themfelves, yet deny this liberty of confciencc 
to our proteftant aiTemblies > thofe attending divine worfhip 

at our ambaftadors chapels not excepted. But for Proteffants ^ 
to difufc it themfelves, and at the fame time lay as it were a 
fpiritual embargo upon their fellow Proteftants, nay punifb 
and expel them for fo doing, is very unaccountable. 

What fpirit then muft thofe be of. Reverend Sir, who have 
lately joined in proijouncing the fentence of expulfiort againft 
fix religious ftudents, not only for having been of trades, and 
praying extempore, but for reading and Jingipg hymns alfo ? 
His Royal Highnefs the late Duke of Cumberland^ was of a 
very different difpofition, for when abroad in Germany, in one 
of our late wars, (as I was informed by a perfon then on 
guard) hearing one evening, as he was pafEng by, a com- 
pany of foldiers finging at fome little diftance in a cave, h# 
afked the centincl what noife that was ; and being anfwered, 
that fome devout foldiers were finging hymns; inftead of cit- 
ing them to appear before their officers, ordering them to the 
whipping poft, or commanding them to be drummed out of 
the regiment ; a6ling like himfelf, he only pleafingly replied, 
*^ Are they fo ? Let them go on then, and be as merry as 
*' as they can.'* In this he afted wifely ; for he knew, and 
found by repeated experience, as did other commanding offi-* 
cers, that finging, nay, and praying extempore too, in thefe 
private focieties, did not hinder, but rather fitted and animated 
thefe devout foldiers to engage, and to fight their country*^ 
battles in the field. And it may be prefumed, that if thefe 
ftudents had not been expelled for fiilging hymns, and praying 
extempore, they certainly would not have been lefs, but in all 
probability much better prepared for handling the fword of the 
Spirit, the word of God, and fighting therewith, either from 
the prefs or the pulpit, the battles of the Lord of hofts. 

To fee or hear fuch divine exercifes treated with reproach, 
and fpoken of with contempt by fcommon and open blaf- 
phemers, is bad ; but that any who came on purpofe to be 
trained up for the facred work of the miniftry, fhould be look- 
ed on as criminal, and expelled an univerfity for being fome* 
times employed in them, is too fad a proof, not only that 
*' our gold is become dim, and our fine gold chianged, but 
that our very foundations are out of courfe." What thea 
muft the righteous da? *' '^ 

. What indeed, but weep and lament ! And wec^ and laihent 

6 indeed 


C 3^0 ) 

Indeed they muft, efpecially when they hear furtbef^ th4 
meeihg in a religious focietyj giving a Word of exhortation^ oi 
expounding and commenting a little now and then upoh f6m< 
portion of fcripture, are not the leaft of the accufations fof 
which fome of thefe young worthies had the fentence of ex* 
pulfion pronounced againft them. 

It is recorded in the Old Teflament^ that in a degenerate 
age, " thofe that feared the Lord fpake often one to atiother} 
that the Lord hearkened and heard, and that a book of re* 
membrance was written before him for thofe that feared th^ 
Lord, and thought on his name : and they ihall be mine in 
that day, faith the Lord, when I make up my jewels \ and 
I will fpare them as a man fpareth his own fon that ferveth 
him." Thus it was in the Old Teflament times* Nor are 
fuch meetings mentioned with lefs approbation in the new: 
for therein, in order that we may hold the profeffion of our 
faith without wavering, we are commanded to " confider on^ 
another, to provoke unto love and to good works ; not fbi^f 
faking the aflembling ourfelves together, but exhorting one 
another, and fo much the more, as wc fee the day approach^ 
ing.'* Nay, one immediate confequence of that grand effufiorf 
of the Holy Ghoft on the day of Pentecoft, we are told, waf 
this, that ** they who gladly received the word, and were 
baptized, continued ftedtaft in the Apoftles dodrine, in fel- 
lowfhip, in breaking of bread, and in prayer." This is a 
fliort, but withal a full and blefled account of the firft truly 
apoftolic primitive church ; and we may venture to affirm, 
that as we are more or lefs partakers of a true apoftolic pri- 
initive fpirit, fuch kind of religious, fellowfhip-meetingSj wilt 
in proportion increafe or decreafe among us. To talk there* 
fore, or write, or preach againft, or by private perfuafion or 
open violence to oppofe, or endeavour to fupprefs, and dif* 
countenance fuch kind of religious focieties, is dying, as it 
were, in the very face of the fcriptures of truth, and of this 
Holy Ghoft himfelf. 

In all charters granted by the crown, wherein authority \i 
given to bodies corporate to enaft laws, it is always with thi$ 
limitation, *' that no laws (hall be cnafied by fuch 6odie^ 
corporate, contrary to the laws of the realm," Ar.d as the 
fcriptures are our grand Codex Legum and Alagna Charta^ \ix 


t '3^1 -'-1 ' ,. ..;„J • 

jfpcfifc to dur religious principles- and praflices i* ^at affroi^C ' 
luft we put upon our country in general,* an'd the" church of "^ 
England xn particular, even by barely imagining, that arty Tavr' ' 
low exifts which prohi'jits her members from frequenting fuch 
focieties as have the divine authority and fuperfcription, fo ap- 
parently ftamped upon them? ^ 
. The private meetings that are In any wife deemed and 
denounced illegal^ are fuch, and fuch only, as are feditiousj 
and compofcd of feditious perfons; who aflbciate, indeed under 
a pretence of religion, but in reality to plot aga'^nft the ftate. , 
The fooner any that can be conviftcd of this, are made to 
forfake the affembling themfelves together, the better; and 
though compofed of a threefold, three hundred fold, nay a 
three thoufand fold cord, no matter if, like the cords where- 
with the Philiftines bound Sampfon^ they were immediately 
broken. But as nothing of this nature can with the leaft 
fliadow of truth be objefled againft the meetings and focieties 
frequented by thefe ftudents, but quite the contrary urged ia 
their fevour; if fcripture and the pra£lice of the primitive 
thriftians are to be our guides, they ought not only to be per- 
niitted, but be countenanced and encouraged by every true ' 
lover of our church and nation. 

And fuppofing, that in any fuch religious fociety one of 
them (hould venture now and then to drop a word of exhorta- 
tion, or even attempt in a fmall degree to open, expound, or ^^ 
fenlarge upon fome pradlrcal text of fcHpture, how can even., 
this be looked upon as illegal, much lefs finful, or worthy of '» 
brpulfion ? vvhcn^ I could almoft fay, it is a neceflary prepa- 
ration for the future fervice of the fanftuary. To be *' apt 
to teach," is one indifpenfable qualification required by fcri^- - 
ture in a Bifliop and Prcfbyter. But how can this aptnefs or 
an habit of teaching be acquired, without the exercife of pre-* ^ 
vious acts? Or what bufmefs is there in the world, even frorri* '* 
the loweft mechanic, to the higheft profeflion ambngfl us^ ' ^ ' 
(except that of divinity) wherein pupils, clerks, nay common'*- / 
apprentices, are not by previous exercifes trained up for 'a*^* 
complete proficiency in their refpe^tive callings and Occupa-^ *^*^ 
tions? '■'■ "^ 

Our sill-wife Matter, we know, fent his Difelples on fliort 
excurfiortS)' before he gave them the more extenfive t'dhitriif- ' 

Vol. IV. X lion 


[ 328 ] 

^< one of thofe whom God hath chofen in Christ out of 

*' m^kind, to bring them by Christ to everlafting falvjh 
** tion, as vefl'cls made to honour ; wherefore they, who be 
^' endued with fo excellent a benefit of God, are called ac- 
^' cording to God's purpofe by his fpirit working in due fea- 
^' fon : they, through grace, obey the calling; they bdjut 
*' tificd freely ; and made the Tons of God by adoption : they 
** are conformed to the image of his only begotten Son JesUs 
*' Christ ; they walk rcligioufly in good works 5 and at 
^* length, by God's mercy, they attain everlafting feligity." 
This is the true portrait of a Methodift, drawn at full l€Ogtb|> 
(drawn to the very life, and that too not by an ignorant 
modern dauber, but by thofe good old fkilful fcriptural limners,. 
Cranmer^ Latimer^ Ridley^ in the xviith article of our church } 
an article that deferves to be written in letters of gold ; and 
yet, for holding of this very article in it5 literal grammatical 
fenfe, agreeable to his fubfcription at the time of matricula- 
tion, one of thefe young ftudents, as we have been informed, 
was expelled. If our information be wrong in this or any 
other refpedi:, the nation may foon be fet right by an authenv 
tic publication of the whole judicial proceedings. 

If you fhould defire. Reverend Sir, a definition of Mith^ 
dtfm itfelf, as well as of a Methodift, you may eaftly be gra-. 
tified. It is no more nor lefs than '* faith working by love, 
*•' A holy method of living and dying, to the glory of God." 
It is an univerfal morality, founded upon the love of GoD. 
filed abroad in the heart by the Holy Ghoft : or, to keep to 
the exaft terms made ufe of in thre laft colleft of our excellent 
liturgy, it is " the'grace of our Lord Jesus^ Christ, the love 
of God, and the fellowfliip of the Holy Ghoft j" which wc. 
cannot go to church or chapel on Sundays^ holidays, or other 
pomnion days, without praying, not that itv may be driven 
from, but be with us all evermore. 

If this be enthufiafm, the true Methodifts confefs themr 
felves to be enthufiafts. But then, they humbly apprehend, 
^hat they cannot with any juft propriety of fpeech be termed 
modern enthufiafts j for it is an enthufiafm which our bleffed. 
Lord earneftly infifts upon, in that prayer which he put up 
when he was about to take his farewel of his difciples, an4 
^hich i$ a pattern of that all-prevailing interceffion which 


f 3^5 1 
dated fo lately ^as March 29, it appears that a certain venera- 
ble fociety '* on account of fome circumftances that have 
lately happened (probably the circumftancfes of a late expyl- 
fion) are under a neceffity of coming to a refolution, to ac- 
cept of no recommendation for perfons to go abroad as mif- 
lioiiaries, but fuch as have had a literary education, and have 
been bred up with a defign to dedicate themfelves to the mi- 
niftry.*' This refolution feems to be taken, in order this 
' better to prevent any of thefe caft-outs, or any other laymen", 
hoiyever other wife well qualified and recommended, from ap- 
plying to the fociety for holy orders, that they may be em- 
ployed and fent abroad as miffionaries. But to what a fad 

• dilemma will many ferious perfons be hereby reduced ? They 
muft not, by fuch refolutions it feems, be allowed to be lay- 
preachers, and yet if fent by their friends to the univerfity to 
p^urfue their ftudies, in order that they may be regularly and 
epifcopally ordained, if they fing hymns, pray extempore, or 
give a word of exhortation in a religious fociety, though en- 
tirely made up of the members of the eftabliftied church, they 
muft; be ipfofaSio expelled for fo doing. O tempera ! O mores ! 
If matters proceed in this channel, of what ftamp, Reverend 
Sir, may we not fuppofe, our future miilionaries to the iflands 
and continent will be ? To my certain knowledge, all of them 
are not looked upon as very burning and fhining lights already. 
But if what little light of true religion fome may have, is to 
be th]Lis damped by a6ls of expulfion before they leave the 

.univerfity, and even this little light, as far as lies in the power 
of man, is to be thus turned into total darknefs, how great 
muft that darknefs be ! Surely it muft be worfe than Egyptian 
darknefs ; a darknefs that will be moft deplorably felt by all 
true lovers of our common falvation both at home and 

You need not be apprized. Reverend Sir, that a defign 
for the eftablifhment of epifcopacy in our iflands and planta- 
tions, hath been long upon the tapis ; and that it hath been, 
in part at leaft, the fubjedl of annual fermons for feveral 
years Jaftpaft, No longer ago than in the year 1766, the 
prefent Bifliop oi Landaff"\n{\, upon the neceffity and ex- 

, pediency of it in the moft explicit manner ; nay, his Lord- 
ihip carries the matter fo far, as to aflure U3 that this point, 

X 3 if^ 

[ 330 ] 

Vanifhed out of the univcrfity, and out of the church alfo : 
for his Lord(bip is pipafed to tell us *' that they a£l in direft 
•^ oppofition to the perverfe pharifccs of old ; thefe afcribed 
<^ the works of the Holy Ghoft to Beelzebub ; and it is no 
^> uncommon thing for thefe modern enthufiafts, adds his 
** Lordfliip, to afcribe the works of Beelzebub to the Holy 
** Spirit." Surely his Lordfliip, by thefe modern enthufiafis, 
cannot mean thofe who apply for holy orders, and profefs 
before men and angels, that " they are inwardly moved by 
^^ the Holy Ghoft, to take upon them the ofEce and admini- 
*' ftration of the church ;" when the fearcher of hearts knows 
that they are moved only by fecular views and worldly hopes 
of preferment. This is afcribing the works of Beelzebub to the 
Spirit of God with a witnefs : or, to ufe the words of a no 
lefs learned, though lefs cenforious prelate j I mean the mo- 
derate Bifhop Burnet^ ^' it is a committing the horrid crime 
** of Ananias and Sapphira over again j it is lying, not only 
*.' unto maHf but unto God." 

This is a modern kind of enthufiafm, Reverend Sir, which 
the true old Methodifts always did, and I truflt always will 
abjure, deteft and abhor. If worldly church preferment^ 
had been their aim, fome of them at leaft might have bad 
worldly ladders enough let down to them to climb up by; 
but having received a kind of apoftolical commiffion at their 
ordination, when thofe who profefs themfelves lineal fuccejfm 
of the Apoftles, faid unto them, " Receive ye the Holy 
*' Ghoft now committed unto you by the impofition of our 
*' hands :" they would fain keep up and maintain fomething 
of the dignity of an apoftolic charafter ^ and therefore, with- 
out ever fo much as defigning to enter into any political ca- 
bals, or civil or church fa<Elions whatfoever, without turning 
to the right hand or the left, or troubling the world with fo 
much as one fingle fermon or pamphlet, on the bare exter- 
nals of religion; they have endeavoured to have but one thing 
in view, namely, to determine to think of nothing, to^ know 
nothing, and to preach of nothing but Jesus Christ, and 
him crucified ; to fpend and be fpent for the good of fouls, 
and to glory in nothing fave in the crofs of Christ, by 
whom the world is crucified unto them and they unto, the 


[ Z'^l ] - 
\ •* Ghoft to take upon you the office and adminlflratioR of the 
' « church?" 

You will excufe this freedom. Reverend Sir. 

Agitur de vita ei fangulne turni. 

Love to God, love to mankind in general, and love to that 
univerfity, that alma mater, where I had the honour of being 
educated, and, what is infinitely more, where I had the hap-' 
^inefs of receiving the witnefs of tjie Spirit of God in mf 
heart, all together conftrain me. 

The news of thefe young mens expulfion hath made, and 
will make the ears of all who have heard, or fhall hear of it, 
Ao tingle : and therefore if fome do not fpeak, and ufe great 
plainnefs of fpeech too, the very ftones would, as it were, 
cry out againft us. In refpedl to myfclf, Reverend Sir, I 
hope, that in taking the freedom of troubling you with this, 
I do not juflly incur the cenfure of a£ting as a bufy-body in 
otheripens matters. For, whatever other pretences may be 
made, fuch as difqualification in refpecS to learning, age, the 
being of trades, &c. &c. &c. [Nuga tricaque calenda) it is 
notorious and obvious to all intelligent perfons, that the grand 
caufe of thefe young mens expulfion was this, namely, that 
they were either real or reputed Methodists. An honour 
this indeed, unwittingly put on Methodifts, whoever or what- 
ever they be; fince fcaVce any now-a days can pray extem- 
pore, ^fing hymns, go to church or meeting, and abound in 
other afls of devotion, but they muft be immediately dubbed 
Methodifts. I fay, dubbed Methodifts ; for it is not a name 
given to them by themfelves, but was impofed on them by fome 
of their fellow ftudents and cotemporaries in the univerfity. 

I take it for granted. Reverend Sir, that you need not be 
apprized that I am one of thefe Methodifts; and blefled -be 
God I have had the honour of being one of them for about 
thirty-five years. If this is to be vile, may I be more vile ! 
If this be my ftiame, upon the moft mature and ferious re- 
flexion I really glory in it. But then, left any more Tnno- 
cent youths fliould hereafter fuffer barely for the imputation 
of a nick-name, give me leave fimply and honeftly to inform 
you. Reverend Sir, and through you the whole univerfity, 
f^hat not barely a reputed, but a real Methodift is : " He Is 

X 4. " onq 

[ 33^ 1 

In afling thus feemingly iiregular and diforderly^ thefe mo- 
dern enthufiaft^ only copy after the greateft and brighteft ex- 
amples the world ever law, and whofe examples it is mor|5 
than criminal not to follow or ^opy after. Ou;- bleffed Lord, 
when denied the ufe of the fynagogues, on feeing the multi- 
tude, went up and chofe a mountain for his pulpit, and the 
heavens for his founding board. At other times he fat by 
the fea-fide, nay, went into a fhip and preached, whilft the 
whole multitude flood on the ihore. When Peter and jfobn^ 
that this kind of enthufiafm might fpread no further among 
the people, were flraitly threatened and commanded that they 
Ihould thenceforth fpeak at all to no man in Christ's name, 
they calmly yet boldly replied unto their threatners and Com- 
manders, '* Whether it be right in the fight of God, ^ 
*' hearken unto you, more than unto God, judge ye : fa 
*' we cannot but fpeak the things which we have ken aiv 
•* heard,'* A certain woman, named Lydia^ a feller of purple 
bad her heart opened when the great apollle of the GeniiUs W9 
preaching and praying by a river>fide ; and Dionyjius the Arf' 
$pagitej a woman named Datnaris^ and others, believed, aoc 
clave unto the fame Apoftle, from the time they heard hiyr 
preach in the midft oi Jreopagus^ or Mars-hilL And we 
may fuppofe he was not lefs fuccefsful when he was 
obliged by the angry Jews to preach in the fchool of one 
Tyrannus. . 

I believe you will agree. Reverend Sir, that the venerable 
Fox and Bradford did not appear lefs venerable for preaching 
tit Pauls- crofs i neither did I ever hear that Bifhop Latimer 
was looked upon as degrading his epifcopal character, when 
he ufcd to preach in Cotton-Garden Wejiminjier^ and King 
Edward the fixih, that Jo/iah of his age, with fome of his 
court, looked out at the palace window to hear him. And 
I hereby appeal to the whole univerfity, whether the Reverend 
Dodors of divinity, heads of houfes, graduates or under-gra- 
duates, ever looked upon it as criminal, or beneath the dig- 
nity of their place and ftation, to fit out in the open air 
on St. John Bapiifl's day, to hear a mafter of arts preach 
from the llone pulpit in Maudling-College yard ; though, for 
jfear it may be they fliould give further fandion to field- 


? [ 333 1 

-' preaching, they have lately thought proper to adjourn into 

y the chapel ? 

You know. Reverend Sir, who it was, that when thofe 
who were bidden in a regular way refufed to come to the 
wedding-fupper, without afking any one's leave for fo doing, 
font forth fome irregulars into the lanes ^nd ftreets of the city, 
into the highways and hedges, with that glorious encouraging 
commiffion, not by fines and imprifonments, not by threats 
and cxpulfions, not by killing the body for the good of the 
foul, but by filling their mouths with gofpel arguments, 
backed with the all-powerful energy of the Holy Ghoft, "to 
compel poor, wandering, weary, heavy laden finners to come 
in. Armed With this panoply divine, and, as they think, 
authorifed by the fame Lord, fome few of us continue to 
this day, amongft fmall and great, high and low, rich and 
poor, in church or chapel, in commons, ftreets, fields, when- 
foever or wherefoever divine pi-ovidence opens a door, **^ to 
^ teftify repentance towards God and faith in our I^ord 
" Jesus Christ ;" and this not from contempt of, or in 
^* oppofition to the godly admonitions of our ecclefiaftical fupe- 
riors, but becaufe '' the love of Christ conftraineth us;** 
and we think that a wo, a dreadful wo, awaits us if we 
preach not the gofpel. Not that we are enemies to a decent 
or even epifcopal confecration, or fetting apart churches and 
chapels for divine an 1 holy worfhip : but we are more indif- 
ferent about the reputed outward fanftity of places, becaufe 
our Lord, with great folemnity, fald unto the woman of 
Samariay " Woman, believe me, the hour cometh when ye 
** (hall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerufalem^ worfliip 
** the Father : but the hour cometh, and now is, when the 
** true worfhippers fhall worfliip the Father in Spirit and 
** in truth." Hence we infer, that every place is then, and 
only then properly called holy, when like the ground around 
the burning bufli, it is made holy by the divine prefence of 
Him who fpake to Mofes out of the bu(h ; or like mount Td^ 
bor^ which by the Apoftle Peter is called, by way of empha- 
iis, the holy mount, becaufe himfelf and James* and Johriy 
not only had upon that mount a vifible outward manifeftation, 
but alfo a bleffed inward heart-felt fenfe of the Rodcemer's 
cxpcllent glory. It was undoubtedly this which made Peter 


f 334 1 

.. tb break out int6 that e^iclamatlon : " Maftfer, It is g66d for 
*' u& to be here.'- And it was this that warmed, and not 
only warmed, but conftrained the enraptured Patriarch Ja* 
(ohy when he had only the ground for his bedj the ftones for 
his pillow, and the open firmament for his curtains and fur- 
niture, to break forth into that extatic language^ *' HoW 
** dreadful is this place ! this is no other thah the hoafe of 
** God, this is the gate of heaven." 

If then, Reverend Sir, for this and^ fucH like things wc 
are accounted irregular and diforderly, we are truly forry for 
it : forry^ but not upon our own accounts, having the tefti- 
mony of a good eonfcience that we a£t with a fingle eye,* and 
in dire6t conformity to the authority of the word of God : 
but we are forry, barely on account of our impeachers and 
condemners, efpecially for thofe, who being fet apart for the 
minifterial office, and loaded with ecclafiaftical preferments,' 
preach very feldom, or not at all ; or, if they do preach now 
and then^ preach only as though they, were barely reading 
wall-le(Sures, and feldom or ever fo much as mention or quotff 
the homilies of our church, though they have fubfcribed to^ 
an article which fays, that " they contain godly and whole- 
*^ fome dodlrine, and which judges them to be read in 
*' churches by the minifters diligently and diftindly, that 
'' they may be underftood of the people." It is to be feared,- 
that it is owing to fuch irregularity and diforder as this,^ 
that when our people hear of our articles or homilies quoted 
by fome few in the pulpit, that they are ready to cry out^ 
** What new doftrine is this ? Thou bringeft certain ftrange 
things to' our ears :" At leaft if it is not fo at home, I atri 
fure it is abroad. Hence it was that about three years ago, 
after I had been preaching to a very large auditory in one of 
the moft polite places on the continent oi America^ and iri 
preaching, as is my ufual cuftom, had ftrongly been recom- 
mending the book of homilies, numbers were ftirfed up to' 
go to the ftorcs to purchafe them : but upon enquiring after 
the book of homilies, the ftorekeeper, furprized at the novelty 
of the word homilies^ begged leave to know what muflins 
they meant, and whether they were not hummims. 

What a pity therefore is it, Reverend Sir, that the book 
of homilies, which ought to be in every handy and as cona-; 

* mon as our common prayer books, (hould never yet have 


[ 335 1 
found a place in the large ratalogue of books giveri aWay by 
the truly laudable fociety for promoting chriftian knowledge, 
though founded foon after the glorious revolution. If this 
be not remedied fome way or another, we (hall very foon be- 
come diford'erly indeed : our pulpits will ftill continue to 
contradidt our reading-defks, and we (hall never have the ho- 
nour of being ftiled regular and orderly, till, regardlefs of 
fubfcriptions, oaths, rubrics, and ordination -offices them- 
fclves, bur pradices.give the lie to our profeflions, and we 
feek the fleece not the flock, and ** preach ourfelves, and not 
Christ Jesus the Lord/* 

• Dead formalifts, and proud felf- righteous bigots, may 
loudly exclaim and cry out, ** the temple of the Lord, 
*^ the temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord are 
** we!" They may not only cry out, but alfo caftout; and 
thinking they thereby do GoD fervice, though moft notori* 
-oufly deficient in their own moral conduct, may plead con- 
fcience, and fay, *' Let the Lord be glorified." But to 
fuch as thefe our Lord once faid, " Ye are they that juftify 
** yourfelves before men, but God knoweth your hearts," 
Like the chief prieflis, and the fcribes and pharifees of old, 
they may plead their law ; for the breach of which, thefe 
irregulars, as they imagine, ought to be condemned and faf- 
fer J nay, a time may come when they may be permitted to 
enforce their clamorous accufations, by urging, as their 
godly prfedeceflbrs once did againft our M after, that '' we 
** found thefe fellows perverting the nation, and forbidding 
to give tribute unto Cafar : but Pilate knew that for envy 
** they delivered Him." And though they could plead their 
loyalty, and fay, ** If thou let this man go, thou art not 
*' Ca/ar^s friend, we have no king but Cafar ;" yet both our 
Lord and his Apoftles rendered themfelves, and ftriftly 
taught all that heard them, to *' render unto Cafanhc things 
** that are C^r's, and unto God the things that are God's." 
Fain would the Methodifts copy after fuch glorioufly divine 
• examples : and bl^fled be God, after a trial of near forty 
years, upon the moft fevere fcrutiny, their loyalty cannot 
be juftly fo much as once called in queftion : for, as they 
fear God, fo they dearly Jove and honour their King, their 
rightful fovereign King George ; and have been, and cont'i- 
nuetobe, ftcady, invariable friends to the p:oteftant fucc'ef- 


f 53«- i - 
fion.ii^ die jlluftripus l^oufe of Hanvutr* And if ib^ iiippo^g •• 
thefcMetbqdiftsibould be convicted of ading fpmewbat irrf^'<£'Y 
gular, fince it is only the irregularity of preaching and x^ '-' 
conunendiAg unfeigned love to God, and, for bis gita#« 
name falce, undiiTemblcd, difinterefted loyalty to their King) "• 
is it not the intereft as well as duty of civil government, if' 
not to encourage, yet not to oppofe them ?. For it is certainly"*^ 
a mod inconteftable truth, that every additional profelyte to *' 
true Methodifm, is an additional loyal fubje£l to King Giw^ '■ 
the Thirds whom, with his royal moft amiable confort^ ou^ 
gracious Q^ieen Charlotte^ the Methodifts with one united 
voice earneftly pray^ God long to continue to be a nurfing . 
father and nutfing mother to our church, and people of ever]f • 
denomination whatfoever. 

Every body is loudly complaiaing of the badnefs of our 
times, and the degeneracy of our morals. Sinners now pro-' •" 
claim their fin like Sodomy and the nation hath^fuffered mord'> 
than z fecond deluge'hy an innundatlon of every fin, and every '" 
kind of corruption that was ever committed or pra£tifed unde^ 
heaven : '* The whole head is fick, the whole heart faint j » 
from the crown of the head to the fole of our feet, we are full '1 
of wounds and bruifes, and putrifying fores," Shall there no • ■ 
man be found then to fland in the gap ? None dare to attempt - 
at leaft to ftem the impetuous torrent ? None venture to. gO * 
out with their lives in their band, and cry to a profane^ carci* ^ 
lefs, bufy world, *' Ho ! every one that thirfteth, conrje ye MP^i 
the waters.' Can any confiderate, much nwre can any real'ul 
good man be fo cruel, as even to wifh that the gofpel flioul^ bO' * 
confined either to church or meeting, when there are fo maiiyiK* 
thoufands and tens of thoufands, who as tp fpiritual things^r' 
know not their right hand from their left, and who never go »t^ 
either to, church or meeting at all ? If fome are. Called to be • 
fettled minifters (and may the great Head of the church fill > ' 
all our parifti-churches a^^d meeting-houfcs with true evan- 1 
gelical paftors !) may not others be called out to be itinerants? *' 
Have there not been prefbyters at large, even from the earlieft 
times of chriftianity ? And if fome of a more inferior .rank 
and order fliould be qualified, and thruft forth by the great . 
Lord of the harveft, when the harveft is fo great^ and thtJ i 
labourers fo few, who fhall dare to fay to Him, ** What doft 


t w ^ 

lott ? *' Shall our eye be evil becaufe Ke is gciod ? If Jtfaiah 

ras a courtier, wa^ not the Prophet Jimos a hercMman f Iri 

be days of Afofifj when the IfraeliUs were under a more 

■Huediate divine theocracy, news was brought him^ and that 

loo even bj a Jo/hua^ that EUad and Medad were prophefying 

in the camp, without his licence or his ordination ; wh^ doth 

diis meek man of Gol> fay ? *< Envieft tHou for my fake ? 

WouM to God ail the Lord's people wa-e prophets," And 

m the days of our Loud him(el(, his beloTved difciple Jdhn^ 

before bis heart was more enlarged by divihe love^ faid unto 

him^ ^^ Mafter^ we faw one caftihg out devils in thy hame, 

and he followetb not with us, and we forbad himij^ beCaufe he* 

£DlIo#eth not with us/' But what faid Jesus, that good 

8bq>herd and Biflbop of fouls ? " Forbid him not." 

Such inftances^ fuch fthking inftances as thefe, methinks^ 
flioirld make good men careful Hot to give way to a narrovtr^ 
feififli, bigotted fpirit; and caution them againft joining with 
tke world in fmiting their fellow-fervants, by crying down 
br fpeaking flightingly and reproachfully of a method of 
preaching and acting, which, maugre all oppofition, for theftf 
thirty years laft paft hath been blelTed and owned- of Qod t6 
the converting of thoufands; not to a bare name, fe<3, of 
^ty, or merely to head or notional knowledge, but ^^ from 
Carknefs unto lights from the power of Satan unto GoD>'* 
fix)m holding the mere form j to the true abiding poiTeifion and 
pni£Uce of true fcriptural godlinefs, in heart, lip^ and life* 
Sut if gobdor bad men noWdiflike^ and therefore oppofe fUch 
la Irtegiilar way of acting, they may be told to their comfort, 
that tiiehr uneafinefs on this account, in all probability, will 
tot be of long continuance ; for few. will choofc to bid, or 
oflcr themielves candidates for fuch airy pluralit'ui : to go thus 
•ritbout the camp, bearing all manner of reproach ; to bfxome 
in this manner, " SpeSaclcs to God, to angels, and to men/' 
10 facrifice not otily our natural, but fpiritual afftd>ions and 
connexions, and to part from thofc who are as drar to them 
as their own fouls^ in order to pafs the Jilantic, and bear the 
Colda and heats of foreign climes 5 thcfe are fuch uninviting 
diitiga to corrupt nature, that if we will have but a liftle pa- 
tience till a few old weary heads are laid in the filcnr grave, 
. .Vol. IV. y thcfc 


I m 1 

a cff^>llyK^witbo|||..the^bdprof^tBy oterctMjmeant^:)^^ 
theiprflves ibon !Ji Appear , .Tbe^r Jbegin. td. bd preity atdlkai 
difrqpute tlre«4f : yet .m little. vUk^.aiid.mildl hidmli {h». 
b«bility ibey w^t quite vaftiflLeway. fitic^jbougtfjl^aor^- 
iber a fNTopbctynor tht fbn.of a pn>{riiet^ I am^gready tniffaiioc4 
if in the Rjedeemer's own {good tinie and way, ibirie>fp1ntldl 
pl\^nixLwilliiot bei^afteradfe, fomcbteiTechgof^eL^ififtriiindflt 
bcifaifirdi that, ihall make, the devil and.fais ibrea^lbid Anuy; 
M Theluftof thefleOi, tfae liifi of the. eys^. and tbe pride df 
l|fe," to fly before the ibund 6f the gofpel tntaipet»- 
' I bavje dwelt, the longer npdbtiiis particuldr^ Rev^reiid»Sir, 
because the prefent learned Biihc^ of G/mit^^, tnlifo'late 
volume, intitled, ^ The Dodrine of Grace,"* is pleaftl(6 
obferve more than once, that he finds £iak*iK>t fo murisb i#iA 
die itiatter^ as the manner of the Methodifts pfeacbiiVg. i>B«t 
if by thA manner^ his Lordfhip would have os touifdoflaad; 
not their maimer of preaching m the field, but tfaoManoflr^tf 
Ibeir delivery^ whether in the church or field, I vMHiid hcHA 
l^Iy afls htfli Lordibtp^ if he ever heard any of them pre^cWl 
If not». doth our law condemn any manyroranyfet of* iMi| 
unfayparc) ? And I would bumbly eaquire further of hib^Lclflb 
(b^ip, ,an4: aU others whom k may concern, how they wiiM 
have them or any others to preach ? ui^Al 

4 I remember the great DoiiSaor Delany^ when I had thoEiio- 
nour of being with hinti many years ago, at the Rigboto 
verend Dr. Boulter%^ then Lord Primate Kit Inland^ aiktoii 
ott^r hints proper for a young preacher, gave me to^^^iiUef^. 
ftand, that whenever.^ went up into a pulpir,^ he <deiii«4 tt 
look u$oa it as t^e laft time he fliould ever preach, or th«rfiA 
^me that the people (bould ever hear him. O thai' si 
preachera, whether within or without doors, however digni- 
fied or diflinguiflied, went always up into their refpe6bhre>|^ul* 
pits thus • imprefled ! They would then preach, as Hj^ 
once faid he painted, for Eternity. They would then %0L^ 
|>art of true gofpel chriftian orators, and not only calmly arfd 
f^fq^ly inform the underftanding, but by perfuafive pathetic a£ 
ilrefs^ endeavour to move the affedlions, and warm the tifluC 

£ S99 1 

Hop a A othcrwifei befpeaks a bA jgnonmot of htimtti Mflf^ 

mAtimh an iae^tcufeabk indolence aiid iifditft-feviei^ ttt tMf 

imaoiie^ as muft conftrain the hearers; whethter ihc^ tiKII of 

■Di;.«tD fiifpc£b, that the preacher, lee him be Who Mf #i!^ 

ody deali in uhe falte commerce of utifeit truthv. 

-. Were our hnryers^ our cdunrellors, or ou^ playerf t6ad' 

}lHn» both the bar.and the ftage would foon be defmed \ ahd 

Itaiefere the anfwer of Mr. Bmtrtm^ to a worthy prelate; 

vhfin be afted Um,^' How it came to paft that the cX^gf^ 

%m\xo fpoke of things real^ affeAed the people (b lictfe, arid 

^ ibe players^ who fpoke of things barely imaginary, affeQed 

♦' them fo much," is worthy of lafting regard; <♦ My Lord,- 

!f %a Mr. BeitertM^ I can aiBgn but one reafoo, which 1*9^ 

%.we players fpeak of things imaginary as though they were 

^ leal, and too many of the clergy fpeak of things real t$ 

n.lhougb they i¥ere imaginary/' Thus it was in hbj and is too much the cafe in our time: hence It Is} 

{kit even oii our moft important occations, the Worthy gen^ 

lina^n. concerned in our public charities, generally find thefh^ 

ttm more obliged to the muficimis than the presithers, for 

thfeUrgenefii of their coliedions : and hence, tio do^bt it is^ 

ibifr upon our moft folemn annirerfarief^ after long previous 

Avbcr hath been given^ when fame even of our Lords Spirit 

Mttliio preach, perhaps not two Lrcvds temporal come to beat 


-oiScBty am I, Reverend Sir, to find to true, ^bat tf cdebnfted 
Mior^ in one of his le£tures delivered, (if I am not miftaken^ 
laothe Univerfity of Oseford) takes the liberty 6f faying^ 
i^oDTiikat k is to be feared this is too much the ftaite of the pul' 
51 pic^locBtion in genera], in the Church of England: oti 
ft (which account, there never was perhaps a religiotfs feSt 
ft: upon earth, whofc hearts were {o little engaged in the a£t 
%,of (kublic wocihip^ as the members of that church. To 
^fLbe pleated^ we muft feel, and we are pleafed whb feelings 
SlvTbe Prdbyterians are moved ; the Methodiftf are mOvtd % 
It they go to their meetings and tabernacles whh ddight i 
8f! the very Quakers are moved ; fancaftical and extravagant 
.■(ras the language of their emotions is, yet ftfll they are 
^jIDOved by it, and they love their form of worfhip for that 
;• : Y 2 •♦ ^eafon ; 

t 240 } 

«^Jres^n; whflff much the greater part of th^auunhem (A 
^Vth^CbMrch of England^ are either baniflied fvom it tbriOi^^ 
«^ difguft, or relu&antly attend the fer? ice as a dkagreealilf 
•^ duty/' Thu$ far Mr. &biridan. , 

But why go I to the bar or ftage to fetch .▼ouchers in de* 
fence of earneftnefe in heart and a£lioa, ,^hen freaking foc 
the moft High God, and offering falvation to .precious, afld 
immortal fouls, for whom the ever-adorable Mediator ihcd 
his precious blood. You know, Aeverend Sir, the chara<3ec 
given of Bueolfpherus^ one of the Reformers, Vividus vultus^ 
vividi ^uliy v'ruida manus dekique omnia vivida* You have 
alfo heard of a Prophet who was commanded by the LoRO 
Goi> himfelf, to fmke with his hand, and ftamp with his foot^ 
and gofpel-minifters in genera] are commanded to ^^ cry aloud, 
and fpare not, and to lift up their voicea like trumpets." But 
why refer I even to Reformers or Prophets ? Rather let mc 
mention the Go» and Saviour of all, even our Lord Jesus 
Christ ; on whofe naanner of preaching, the multitudes that 
followed him, when he came down from the mount, made 
this juft obfervation, that " He fpake as one having authority* 
and not as the fcribes.** And after his refurre<3ion, wheii 
beginning at Mofes and all the Prophets, he expounded untc 
them in all the fcriptures the things concerning himfelf 
the two difciples at Emmaus faid one to another, *^ Did no 
our hearts burn within us while he talked with us bytto 
way, and while he opened to us the fcriptures ? " And I be 
lieve we may venture to affirm, that if preachers in genera 
fpake and opened the fcriptures more under the influence an< 
energy of his blefied Spirit, whether in confecrated or uncon 
fecrated ground, within or without doors, they would fin< 
their bearers hearts in a degree would burn within then 

But 1 have done. — You will be fo good. Reverend Sir, a 
to pardon not only the freedom but prolixity of this. I hav 
already mentioned my motives for writing j and therefor 
fhall now clofe with the advice given upon a fimilar occafioi 
to an ecclefiaftical council by Gamaliel^ a doflor of law, an< 
had in reputation among all the people : '^ And now I fa; 
unto you, refrain from thcfe men, and let them alone: fo 


C 34» 3^ 

If this cbtwifd or work be of mei*, it "will c6!tte''to iit)tigTit'; 

Vot if it be of God, yc cannot overthrow it : left haply ye be 

ftdnd to fight againft God." To this God, and the word 

of his grace, I moft humbly recommend you and the whole 

Univerfity; and earneftly praying, that all at all times may 

Bave a right judgrt^ent given them in ail things, I beg leave to- 

fubfcribe myfelf. Reverend Sir, 

Your williiig fervant for Christ's fake, 

George Whitefield. 


M; ' 

Y 3 O B S E R- 

B vro I TAV^:i8ao 

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^;raT^i;To8 io ?.anAJeaAS[ii3b2 

T' T M I a 3 y^ .>^ I"' T 

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080^ S .^C A-^-r^\A .^•:: .'.^Q 



SeJe<9: Passages of Scripture. 


Catecheticai. Qju E S T I O N S, 

Begun, March 12, 1738. 


no ^ Vi O \ T A 7 >1 T ? 8 O 

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[ 345 3 • 


Seled Passages of Scripture. 



8. Q. JJ/tHY would not Jesus Christ Jbew Herod m 
A. Becaufe in all probability, it was only to fatisfy his 
curiofity that he defired to fee one. 

Q. What may we learn from Herod*j never having feen 
Chkist be/ore? y 

J. That Christ was no friend to courts ; that pomp 
and greatnefs keep thoufands from Jesus Christ ; and 
that we ought therefore rather to thank God for our be- 
ing in a lower efiate. 
J 36. Qi What may we learn from the friendjbip made between 
Pilate and Herod, by the death of Qhkist ? 

yf. That Jew and Gentile, by Christ's death, were 
to be united together in one body : Herod being a Jew, 
and Pontius Pilate a Gentile, 
f 8. CL When do we as thefe yews did? 

A, When we prefer our fins, (which are robbers^ be- 
caufe they rob us of God's favour) to our Saviour's 
2,6. Q. What may we learn from Simon the CyreniarCs bearing 
the cr of 5? 

A. That they who would follow Christ, muft fol- 
low him by the way of the crofs. 

yi^ Q. What is the meaning of this verfe ? 

A' A good man in fcripture is compared to a green 
fruitful tree, (See Pfalm ift.) and wicked men to chafF, 
and are reprefented alfo by a barren fig-tree ; the mean- 
ing of the verfe therefore feems to be this : If they do this 
to me, who am a good pan, how will Gop deal with 
|bat wicked people the Jews i 

Vtf* \ 

32. Qi ff^ was Christ crucljiid\xi^ tSs Afc£Mf fp 

A. To fulfill this faywigjT«^4AaRj lie^wibTnii^bereJ 
: with the tranfgriflbts-^ ^jjlBVilife'Jiiii 't^x; \s.^\^\T p \\^ 

J. As though he was^lteinmortliidbakdiMireftcl th^ 
three. MVi'Tt :^s ^«^- V: .\-'^>s -^^^ X) 

ift^'To :prif<4bf' 000 afoft^itin£lAemieK[ n '^v.;^-* 

and Lztinlir^ - - ^f;'^ bsib srf 3£.-f; vvr>.^' -/F -V. 
^;^.^ Tofiie^^hat Jisfjr3Q;««a<sTMWfrtQlie^lh^>Saviour 
• iof aUlia<ictf^sj.ti3b9it;i«d)4ah§uagC8f 3vs !r: 1^; V 

tint thief f " V:s\v\ -.^vt-X^irv. ^-' '^ ^•r^--. .\l i ^ 

:A> Thai for. tfaer gtMtiVOfi iCbofe'irho.!lIv&tJl their 

.livcsin fin^ die:hardfehdl. V/J':,^^t t r. ./ -^ 

40. Qi ff^at may we learn from the behavhikrtf^iht f^tent 

. • ihlrfy andQ^KWT^tbda'6ihm'tmjear£MMf 1^^^^ \ 

A* That there is .merof 'Ifoft the wbrft of jgdnerSi 
> through Chrmt* the SaWdiP^:^ -> v »; 

Q« May wicled men draw any riafim frmrjief^^ t^ 

" difer'thehr^tinee tfll^\ldM4ed? ' ' '" '* 

>/. No, by no means. ^' ^' :i*^ 

■ QiJ?^f ••, ^'' -^^ ■»•- '•^^-- ■■ = '■ ^ V .^^ 

>f. B6tfaiife prolwbly thiif^lhfcF hid n^er feard of 

CAklrs¥ btfort; ldlyVHt*iW^Ht rtdt havebeeii fdlndtori- 

ous a finner as is imagined, though dhiWri in' by fuiprize 

or temptation to commit the crime for which he fufFered. 

3dly, God cortVert^ hiiti, lb fidnottr his Son's death^ 

that he mi] in. the vcrVvagonjes thereof tcjumph over 

\ , the devij. 4thlyJ Became Iw^'g^^^ uncommon inftanccs 

ofhisia\th: be calls CpRisj^^^^ when his own 

difciplcs had lorfooWliim,' wnentlie High-prieflj fcribe», 

and rulers were deriding hinx, and his own divinity under 

an cclipfe : np^qp ojf whicb Qffcuniftances arc applicable 

to a wilful(y , picked toi^ he 

Vto. • '■.•>»•/ 

4J» Q:^ What was HanfcH^/^ i£mfilhf^^]ru:t ,nJ -■■, 

A. A curtain that parted thd. two>|^^cei;^^wli$re the 

Q. ^P^ y)as it rent in twain f 
4. Becaufe by thet^doitthf^S CHRiST^^hc pAttitlon waU; 
between Jew andOieatilb^^ to be brpkcfi iI^wa, 

i^4 To (hew that he died full of vigour. \ ' : 
Qi.:*%/i»y wf k^M^rdmMts ealling Goj>; Father? 
A* That we aro;^ta'|cklidiirle^ge GoQio h? ottr father, 
tbooj^'timfer tb^Afevtreft^rpea& bU providencec , 

51. Qi What learn you from henu? 

jf." That we fln^ npo follow a mulHtudertd dd evil. 
\jj53. Qi Why was it remarked^ dmt CHRisT'i^mtv was hewn 
\-'Wi df^'rocif ■■■■■'•''•''■•'. '^^:^--\ ■ ■. ^\'. -'.-'Al ." . c^ 

4* Bec^dletheait^rofild^Qotibe &id^ tkathi&tiifciples 
digged uiidejr, and flrie ftaway^. ^ " 

Q. ^j^ that he was kid id a grave^:whf£jsever man 
• Jfifir twos laid? -:-.:•, *v-. ♦v ■ - .-.v .-.V'., f 

i/. Becaufe the%«^|fif^jf^Ojpe^Vbodf did rife, it mi|ft be 
that of the Lord Jesus. f- : c '* 

56. Qi Tf^at may we learn from the lafi part of this Vfrfe ? 

• " 4. ^^^^ even the inc^ «i vjl .<^f;s due; to jOwt neareft 
. .^jieAd V pught not to t^i^erusy if po^hle, froni keeping 
\' ' , 1^10 ii\bbi«h-day hcjy^ i. :: ;.- 

.---•; •'-. - C H A B>.^XXIV. ^"":-. ; 

'l]^, Thu wc fh6\ild ri^^^rty in th^ mo^|ii^2'6n the 
_ Lord's- day > and oStt hitn the /pices i|id da<iijrSi of pra^fe 

. and thankfgTVJng, i--.- 

>;;;:,^ what /v m^^^/ ^/y//Ww/«? ;'";^' "^'';r ^"'^ 

' if Two angels in thcihipc^of men:' ^'H '^^ ^ 

7. Q:,WhymuJthimoflitdnb^^^ ^ •• 

j/. Becaufe we had 4cfcrv^d tQ be aCJiilr^^^tf Wr God i 

and crucifixion being an ac^brfed deadi, (jfi>V^ i^ritteh^ 
/* cur fed is every one that hangeth u^ 1 Ifree"!} be be^ 
't>'^^\^4l^ atrurfe for us, 

11. Q, 

ji. C^ What may we learn frim'tbe4ifciples mtbeliiVlfig jfir 
ivetnet^ s report f 

A, That we ought more firmly to believe the truth of 
our bleflfed Lord's refuf reAk>h^ fmce his own '^difciples 
were tbelaft who gaVe credit to it. -^' - 

14. Q:. What may we Uarn from hence ? * 

^ ., A* That chriftians ought to talk of good things as 

they walk together. 
17, Q^ What from hence? 

A^ ■ That ^i^vSi Christ fekcs notice of the cbnverfa- 
- iiORy «nd more especially of the griefs of his people. 
«6. Qi Why nhifiCnKi^r Pife agiSn and enter into glory ? 
A* To afTure us God was fatisfied for our fins.; that he 
was' no impofior or cheat ; and to afiure us of tt^e refur- 
reftion of our bodies after death. 
Q^ Why mujl he rife the third day t 
A. BccJaiifeif he had continued longer, the body muft 
"^ have fe€?n corrliption i and then the prophecy would not 
have been fulfilled, which fays, that ** God's Holy One 
was not to* fte<x)rruption.** Nor would he have fulfilled 
' the type «f Jonah. 
28. Q; What maywe learn from ChristV Jirji refufmg t9 
go in ? 

A* That in fmall matters, though we may at firft re- 
fufe a thing, yet we may aft^vi^iM-ds, without forfeiting 
our words, comply therewith j it being fuppofed, that 
we promifed on the fuppofition we bad no better reafon 
to the contrary. 
^►9. Qi fPT>at may we learn from henfe ? 

A. That we fliould, when evening comes on, conftrain 
Christ by our prayers^ to tarry with and watch over us 
all night. 

30. Qi what may we learn from hence? 

'^A. That we fhpuld never prefume to eat^ .without firft 
• alkij^g a bleflln^. , 

31. ~ Q. What may we Uarn front ChristV vonijhing fo foon 
^ 'out of their ftght ? ' . . 

A. That the Vpirituai vifits of Jesus Christ in this 
.lifc^are but of a (hort continuance ; which (hould fet us 
upon prepariog for that place, where we ihall fee and be 
with Him to all eternity, without interruption. 

6 36. Q: 

i m 3 

3^. Qi IVhat may we karn frm Christ's Jayhig to his dif^ 
dpks^ " Peace be to you" (hough they had all fo lately forfook 

J. That we ought never, to' upbraid thofe who have 
offended us, when thef give marks of lepentance; and. 
alfo, this ihould epcoui^ag^ finners to hope for bleflings 
from Jesus Christ^ though they have fianed agalnft 
45« Q. What may we learn from hence ? . 

J. That it isimppffibil^. to undcrftand th^ fcriptures^ 
without the illumination x)f the Spirit of Jesujs Christ : 
<< For the naturalman d,ifcejroethi DOt the things of the 
Spirit,:', - . ....■....,,.:- 

Q; Ought we therefor^ to pray before we read the fcrip-* 
tures? ; ; . . , ' , 

A. Yes, by all means. 
4E> • Q. What is meant by the promi/e of the Father ? 

4^ The Holy Gho(t> which was to €ome upon the 
Apoftles at the fcaft of Pentecoft. 
S3^ Qi What is meant by their being continuidlyJn (he temple f 

A. That they were there at ail hours of public prayer. 

Q. What Jhould .we karn from thence ? 

A. That we ought to go and do Ukewife, 

J O ritf. Chap. 1. . 

Q. WIjo was the author of this gofpel ? 

A. John^ the difciple whom Jesus loved. , 
Q. TVhy did he write it ? 

A. To confound the herefy of Ebion and Cerinthus^ 
Whcidchied the divinity of our blefled Lord : and there- 
fore, through the whole gofpel we find he t^fcfcs all op- 
portunities of proving, that Jesus Christ was very Goff 
of very God j another thing he had in view when he 
wrote it, was to fupply what was wanting Jn tjie other 
Evahgelifts; therefore he chiefly relates to us thofe par- 
ticulars which the other EvaiigcliAs bac) omitted. 

t m 1 

Jfomt inferting what others h^^^l^\^ ^^^ ,^, olifim-jJ 

,,j :^if9; fp^fxjrcife Our,,|fi»Jg^feRd^gfc4h^^s|piyrcfltpparing 
'■,'^^^^mtu4,jlW nyghj jfift* 5>(f the 

I. J^^oJii^i^f.iytf^ . V-:-:r - 

>f. Jesus Chr|ot» ^^:^\tt•t;^^A s-r lyr "tvVY. .^* u 

J. Yes : « A|idAlwdlVifrdlM^Gl^l>vJ^Dn j :) ;i 
. Q: ' ^*|? -ifW* iijffciff^ <A«i^ jKaus .^wr S^tiAut<Jhduld be 

- • God ? "' ' .>'*■•-.•-. *:-\\ \^\\ ;\ 

^ y -^4^ S^aufe it w^ iipppffibk ibf <aD]r creature to fatisfy 

3^ Q^ h here any proof of the Divinky ^fCHM!iKt:L . '■, 
V^^ -« 4^ ^^ ;* t^a^f«>tbe;4i^qrJfe pf .creaUQO itf^aC^pibed ta 
him. "■••.■•.•,. f ■ f nn '-•* 

., A. Yes: ** In hia^ ^^p^a^^jUje/* f or whojbever has 
' life in or of himfelf, muf^ J^\Qiopr ■-, . ; . > 

5. Q; ^/6fl i^mc^nt hy t^in %ti^. ^> l^gbt,** - -. r V- 

-^,. Jb&^i§ Cjwrist, »^^ ci^wne $0 enlighteo/Hf^ by re-* 
vcaling.Gon^^^^ill to u§. ,v ;■; , - . ^ • 
. Q. , JVh^t mean yo^ hy tU t^ord " 4^inefs, ^ ■ * ; . ; 
jf. The dark mindf of men. , .. S: 

II. Qi ^/w/ is meant by the word ** own f** 

A. The Jews, who were. Goo's peculiar people. 

13. Q^ Can you par aphrafe this verfe ? 

' if. Which were bdrn hot erf blood, li /. "not by any 
natural generation ; nor of the will of tb^ iSe(b)' nor of 
the Wllr of man/i./. not by human adoption, but of 
G9D, or by the free grace and ^«jwer of GoD only, 

14. (^ If^hat doeithe Ek>an£eli/t aOuJe to heret 

A. The tabernacle, with the IhekiHalv, or *^l6fiou^ 

^ apf^rafii^e'ffcae tftd ^ be in it j which were types of 

> -jEW^'CHkljhriTrhe fot^r feprefenting his fauifiaiiity, 

tbe^'ktlvr^bis dlvthity refMling or abiding^ in it. It is 

I therefore 

t m V 

bernacle in thl Wl8^ri«»l) ^^>^'^ "^^^^ ^.^•'''''V^ ^^^^ . 

upon grace." For Jesus Christ came to pufttisrfe for 
us not only a fufficieitej^'^\)lri^an abtindahcc W g(r4cc. " 

41, Q. ff^kat may we learn from hhiiitf ' ' '" ■ 

■ *> iiiir. tP8itwben^W*#A^c»nV<«^ ^ (hould 

endeavour to bring others, efpecially our oi^ 'Mitions, 
to the knowtedg^ «f^JtwV^*ifi1^. -^^^ \^ • 

i ./ :iQ\^J§^hdit may W* f/^»^ fm^thefe *ttwrifi^^'«< -^/ )&^^ 
/(?«»i the Mejftah ?" ; '^ -"' ' 

' > srf.^Thar young v^ohlfci^** ait ver^ apt i^^^thM they 
have apprehended Christ, whereas they {Jr^Tather ap« 
prdiwndAi by him. ^^»' ' '^ *^ '^ '■''■" '■ "^~^ ^^ : 

49, : ^Q.^«*&if'#iKy «t;^*i<^^ B^viiur^ and 

Chkist' s anftuer f 

jt. That a child-^like^ftbi^icityi' is tKtr^t^ft preparati^ 
forilife reception of dWiri«%irthi^ '^ ^ 

51. Q. ^f%^« was tbk^fiilftliei^^''' * '- '^ ' ■' ''' * ^^ 

-^. ASfs i. vi^cun Ki^dTffiipks ri*r ^hliti e2li?^ed itp into 
tieaVtii I* and it wiH %e *S(/tc fully ac^oiripftfiie^, when 
Jesus Christ fliall come ih judgment ia' the glory of 
his Father, -wiA hii hoiy'alngcb, to be adrti'ired by his 
faints. ■'•"■■■'-■' ■ ■ -' - ••■' \'- 

3 ;.^^-n(F^^U^ |s,ajn. bop^uf^ble^ftatc^^^c^ 

- 'n"^^%^^}}g^.^.:?b^^^ ^l^&i bsj[«>ray?f>tft*^^j««#sus 

' 3. Q. 

t f54. ] 


A, That it is good, when we go to poor people's 
houfes^ to fee what they wtnt) and if We'csmnot relierc 
them ourfelves, to apply to others, cfpecially ffi Jesus 
Christ, to grant them what they want« 
. 4. Qi What nuiji vie learn /rem Christ'^ anjif/tr $9 hii 
metber ? 

J. That in feme meafure (he was to be blamed^ for 
making fo free with our Saviour \ that our relations, 
even our parents, ought not to be regarded, when they 
would hinder us in religion ; and that it can never be 
prefumed, that the Virgin has fuch power over our Lord, 
as the Church of Rome fuppofcs, now he is in heaven, 
lince he faid to her upon this occafion, '^ Woman, what 
have I to do with thee," when he was on earth* 

Q; May it not be fuppofedj that Christ had Jhevm fomt 
miracle before he entered on his public minijiry ? 

A. There is great reafon to think he had, or otbcrwife 
it is hardly to be imagined, Ihe (bould fo readily apply to 
him to work a miracle on this occafion, or bid the fer-> 
vants to take fuch notice of his orders. 

Q^ What is meant by CHRisx'i faying^ " Mine hour h 
not yet come r' " 

A, Mine hour for working this miracle is not yeC 
come ; the wine being not quite, though very near out, 
as the original word fignifies : our extremity is Ch|ljst'9 
5. Q; 'ff^bot may we learn fr^m this verfe ? 

A, That what the Virgin faid to thcfe fervants, wc 
fhould think faid to ourfelves ; and whatfoever CHRist 
faith unto us, we muft do. 
6* Q. May there any thing be gathered from this verfe^ to 
confirm the truth of our Saviour's miracle ? 

A. Yes : the watering-pots being made ufe of by the 
Jews, to purify or wafli themfelves, as they came in and 
out, as the Papifts now make ufe of their ridiculous holy- 
water ; it was plain nothing but water ufed to be put in 
them, and being made "of done, fdppofing wine bad 


forrifcrly bAn put m,tY^^^i^X}fi^^iai^^i^htif:^^ 
to colo^ur the w^itef jjiajijjj^us C;y|Rj^T,cofj^phdjEd to 
* bepU in^. wh/cbep^^^ thfy,been.i»yHi^ 

r; ' Q^ 7j^5 «;^<.(^^;;. tMJ^^^ltf fill the M^ai^^poidlf 

A, The fefvapts or, th£ )joiifc. ,: . , 

Q^ ^7><2/ w^^ we learn frofii thai ? . • .,\;;iv 

A, It cpnfifms tliie ipjr^cjlf^. fince he did pot er^ploy 
his own difciples, but ^^(f^/grvijrjits pf.tjie fepufe^ wht^^ifM-^ 
encire ilrangers> thei^^fc^e .flpuldi .QOjt he fwpp|bfef{ t^ Jpjri 
in a cheat. . , ,,^,^ . . . . , , 

Qi ^*^/ rha) we tedrfC Jfrom the ferv4nts filling the vef^ 
fels up io the brim ? 

A. That. therefore tio Wind could poiSbly be pMt.ifl ^^ 
coldur the Water, or niix witfi it. 
t: Q. What is meant by the governor of the ftajl t 

A. It ifldaes to a cuftonti afnong the Jewsj wlio at 
their entertainmefits ufeJ to chufe one particular jjerfort 
in the company^ to pfefideovet the reft fot that time, in 
order to prevent diforder arid" eXcefs, ' [ ^ ^ 

J. Qi^' 'JVhy is ii remairkedithqi the Governor knew n^t from 
whence it was ? 

A. Kecaufe then He c6u(<f feaveNfio hand ifi it^ tHer^at^ 
his teftimony could be the more relied on; \. 

Q.' What Jpiritual tnkafnng'is' Und^ ibis mi facie ? 

Al Thfe win^ rcprfefents the Spirit, which J^sus 
CHitlS'f pours into the hearts of true believers ; but 
though the comforts of the Holy Ghoft, with which they 
are filled, are exceeding rich here, yet thctfe iri heaven will 
fo far furpafs them, that whpft we come there, ^ we (hall 
-have reafoh to fay with the Governor of the feaft, •* jEius 
Christ has kept his good wine Until novv." 
J. Q. fFhyis it fo often rtmarked^ that Jesvs went up t$ 
Jerufalem to the p'ajfover ? ^ ^. . 

A. To teach us how careful He v5ra3 to fobrtiit to dvcry 
ordinance of Go0, and to fet u$ an exartiijlMo foljov^ 
his fteps. Never, therefore, if ^ofliblc, be a^ifcrtt frop 
the gofpd pafTovcr,, the facfail^cnt or mcriiotia^of his o^/l 
blefled body and blood. 
Vol. IV.' Z i4. Qe 


C 354 ] 


14, Q^ How came theft tradfemen to be in tbi Umpk ? 

A. There was a command from God, that all the 
males (hould appear before him at JerufaUm three times 
in a year, (of which the feaft of the paflbver was one) 
and that none was to appear before him empty. Now it 
being inconvenient to bring cattle, &c. fo many miles as 
fome of them were diftant from the temple, thefe per- 
fons fat here with oxen, &c. to fell to thofe who came 
up to Jerufalem to worfliip and offer facrifice. 

Q. Was not this a plauftble pretence ? 

A. Yes ; but our bleffed Lord's refcnting it in this 
manner, fliews us how jealous he is of the honour of his 
houfe, and how he refents the Icaft milbehaviour in the 
public fervice of the church. 

Q. Was it not a hold thing of Jesus Christ to venture 
himfelf among fuch a company of per fans ? 

A, No doubt of it ; and therefore fome have thought, 
that this wis the grcateft miracle Christ performed ; 
and by this our Lord would fhew thofe in power, that 
if they will be zealous in reforming abufes, and go out 
in the name and ftrength of God, they know not what 
great fuccefs they may nfieet with. 
16. Q: What may we learn from ChristV faying to them 
that fold dovesy " take thefe things hence ?" 

A. That our zeal ought to be according to knowledge ; 
that we {hould pray for that wifdom which dwells with 
prudence ; and, more cfpecially, be very cautious how 
we a£l in works of reformation ; as Christ here did 
not loofe the doves and let them fly about the temple 
(which would have occafioned a confufion} but ordered 
thofe that fold them, to take them thence.- 

Qi When do we make the houfe of Go'D a houfe of Mer- 
chdndife ? 

A* When we go on purpofe to feem religious, in order 
to get bufmefs 5 and when we talk with others, or let 
our own thoughts run on worldly things at public wor- 
AH.* Q: ^hat may we learn from the Evangelijls faying^ that 
Jesus knew what was in man ? 

A. That 


[ 555 1 

A. That Jesus Christ therefore was God, it being 
impoffible for any one but God to know what is in 


1. Q. TVhatmaywe remark from Nicodemus*^ coming U 
Christ ? 

. A. That it is a good thing to fee rulers come to Jesus 
Christ; and though not many mighty, not many 
noble are called, yet fome are. 

2. Qi TVhy did Nicodemus come by night ? 
A, For fear of man. 

Q. What may we learn hence ? 

A. That when religion is out of fafhion, there will be 
many Nico demit es. 

Qi Is not the fear of man common to all converts ? 

A. Yes ; but where the heart is upright towards God, 
it wears off daily, 
^. Q. What do you learn from Christ'j anfwer ? 

A. That it is not fufficient to have an hiftorical faith 
of Christ, without being born again from above. 

Qi What is it to he horn again from above ? 

A. It is to have a principle of new life implanted in 
our hearts by the holy Spirit, which life muft be evi- 
denced by a man^s bringing forth the friMts of the Spi- 

Q. Why cannot a man fee the kingdom of God unlefs he 
he bom again ? 

A. If by the kingdom of God, be underftood to mean 
the kingdom of grace, then it is plain an unregenerate 
man cannot fee it ; or cannot underftand its dodrlnes, 
becaufe they are fpiritually difcerned. But if by the 
kingdom of God, be meant the kingdom of glory ; 
then, unlefs a man be born again he cannot fee it, be- 
caufe we being impure by nature, except we are renewed, 
we cannot dwell with a pure and holy God. 
5. Qi Does not this verfe urge the ahfolute necejjity of water 
baptifm ? 

Z % . ^. Yes, 


[, iss ], 

J. Yes, where it may be had ^ but Jip^Gpo will 
deal with perfons unbapcized w^ cannoc |elU What 
have we to do to judge thofe that are without ? 
|6. Q; IVhat learn you from this ver fe? 

J. That it is a fliame for minifters to pretend to teach 
others, who are not .taught of God l;hemfclves. 
13. Q^ What learn pufrom thefe words^ *' Tbs Sofl of mar^ 
' which is in heaven ?" . 

J. That Jesus Christ is GcD, fince he (declares h^ 
was then in heaven, though difcourfing ^t that time witla*- 
Nicodemus^ which could npt bc^ unlefs he was GoD^ 

C H A P. IV. 

4, Q^ fVhy nkuji Christ needs go through Saniaria ? 

J. Becaufe there was a woman to be concerted there, 
Q^ fVhai learn youfrdm thtnce ? 
J, That where God has got people to be called, he 
W\M find means to blrmg them to h'ltnMf, 

6. Q^ What may you ohferve from ChRIStV beirig weary? 
JJ That he was truly man. 

7. Qi ^hat learn you fr'cm Christ* s faying " Give me to 
drink r' 

A. That our bleffed Lord underwent much fatigue in 
going about to preach to finners.^ And that we ought 
not to be afliamed to beg, when providence reduces us 
to an indigent life, or to preffing circumftances. 
9. Q^ How can it hefaid that the Jews hdd no dealing with 
the Samaritans, when in the foregoing verfe we are toldy 
the difciples were gone to buy food ? ■- 

A, They mighc do fome few good offices tOj but had 
n6 general commerce with each other. 
10. Q; What may we learn from Christ'j inirodudng re- 
li^ious talk by a/king for a Utile water ? 
A, That we ought to fpi ritualize every thing we meet 
' ivith, and take all proper opportunities to introduce re- 
ligious converfation wherever we are. 
14. Q. WhatclKs CiiZJGT mean' by ,^* the water h^ Jhould 


A The 

[" 357 y 

yf. The ho!y Spirit. 
'^ Qi ff^y is the holy Spirit reprefented by wattr ? 

A. Becaufe, as water wafhes away the filth of th^e body, 
fo the holy Spirit cleanfes the pollution of the foul j and 
as water refrefhes the thirfty, fo do the comforts of the 
Holy Ghoft refrcfh the fpiritual man. 

Q. JVhat may we learn from thefe words ^ ^^ Jhall be / « ] 
him a ivelly iffc. f" 

A. That where God has begun a good work, he will 
carry it on to the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. 
15. Q. What may you learn from this verfe ? 

A, That we ihould pray to Christ, as this woman 
did, and beg him to give us his holy Spirit, that we may 
not apply to outward things for comfort. 
20. Q. fVhy did the woman mention^ this to Christ ^ 

A, Becaufe, there was a difpute between the Samaria 
tans an'l Jews, which was the proper place of Worfliip, 
Jerufalem or mount Gerizim, And from hence apofe fuch 
an enmity between them, that they would have no deal- 
ings with one another. 
23. Q^ What is the meaning of this verfe ? 

A. That now Jesus Christ was come, God's wor« 
Ihip could not be confined to any particular place, but 
perfons might every where lift up holy hands to God. 
14. Q^ When may we he f aid to worjhip GoT> in fpirit and 
in truth ? 

A. When we are inward with him in our worfliip, 
and not only honour him with our lips, but with our 
affeftions and lives, 
,6. Q; What may we learn from Christ 'i revealing himfelf 
fo freely to the woman ? 

A, That he will as freely and fpiritually reveal, him- 
felf to every believing heart. 
7. Qi What may we learn ^ from the difciples wondering that 
he talked with a woman ? 

A. That men, efpecially minifters, ought not too freely 
to con verfe with perfons of that fex. 
.8- Qi What learn you from the woman leaving her water -pot 
to go into the city ? 

% % A. That 

[358 ] 


A, That we {hould leave our worldly bufinefs, rather 
than negledl at proper times to attend on the means of 

519. Qi Did not. the woman tell an untruth her^ ? 

' A. No, for Christ might have told her all. How- 
ever, as Christ had revealed to her the greateft fecret 
of her life, £he might eafily infer that he could tell her 
every thing elfe, 

J2. Q; What may we learn from this anfwer '? 

A, That we ought, after the example of our mafter- 
to forego our ordinary meals (ometimes for the fake o- 
. doing good. And we may alfo learn, that a true chrif^ 
tian has meat to eat, fpiritual comforts, which tli • 
world knows not of: a ftranger intermeddleth not witB 
his joys. 

34. Q: What learn we hence ?. 

4* That it ought to be our meat and drink, or a^ 
much plfeafure and our conftant bufinefs to do the will oii 
God, as to fupply our bodies with proper food. 

35. Q^ What does Christ mean when he bids his difciplem 
« to lift up their eyes ?" 

A. In all probability, he pointed to the Samaritanr 
whom he faw crowding over the fields, coming to hear 
his doftrine. 
38. , Q; What does Christ mean by this ? 

A, That the prophets had prepared the way for his 
coming, by their prophecies, which made the difciples 
work far more eafy. 
41. Q^ What learn you from hence ? 

A. That though there are many external proofs of the 
divinity of Christ's dodtrine, yet his own words or 
his dodlrine beft explains itfelf : the divine image and 
fuperfcription being written on every precept and line 
of \tl ' 
47* Q: What learn we from the Nobleman^ s coming to Christ 
about his Jick fon ? 

A* That parents fhould apply to Christ for their 
fick children, and that aSi<^ioHS ihould drive us to 

S ^ 5 48. Q; JVherein 

[ 359 ] 

4.8. Qi Wherein was this Nobleman to be blamed ? 

A. In that he confined Christ's power to his bodily 
pi;pfcnce. Therefore to convince him of his frailty, and 
to ftrengthen his faith, Christ cured his fon at a 

52. Q^ What is meant by the fevenih hour ? 
A. One in the afternoon. 

53. Q. What learn we from this verfe ? 

A. That bodily diftempers are ail cured by the power 
of Christ, and that thofe who are now recovered fronx' 
ficknefs, are raifed up as certainly though not fo vifibly 
by him, as was the Nobleman's fon. 


6, Q^ What learn you from Christ* s ajking this quejiion? 
« Wtlt thou be made whole F' 
A. That he will know our wants from ourfelves, 
8. Q. What learn you from -Chkist^s bidding him to idke up 
bis bed and walk ? 

A. That though Christ is the firft mover in recover- 
ing us from our natural and fpirituai impotency, yet jve 
nauft concur in the ufe of means. 
9* Qi What learn you from CliKiST^s doing fo many works 
on the Sabbath ? 

A» That doing good, is a proper way of fanftifying 
the Sabbath. 

13. Q: What learn you by Christ'/ conveying himfelffrom the 
multitude ? 

A. That we (hould do good, but endeavour at tht 
fame time to avoid the praife of man. 

14. Qi IVhat learn you from Christ's fnding the man that 
was healedy in the temple ? 

A, That it is good to fee people, after they are reco- 
vered from their ficknefs, going to' the temple to return 
thanks unto God. 
Qi What learn you from the latter part of this verfe f 
A. That ficknefs is often fent as a punifhment for fin. 
That if we do not mend when God chaflifes us with 
Z 4 whips. 

whipt, or light afflictions, we muft ci^pfl tp ^ ^W 
, .r.o'i)oftfed«^HhtfccirpJontf; 'ol^^gtMfi*' trials/; 
'n<8f3v/ifti (¥^BaiiUifirny&u p-MWe laiUr pari (ft^ts ffirfi ? 

4* Thati^ ^^Vt^iW^ifglit, though thpi^Vians deny it, 
;,tb«t Jbsvs^CARIst betid^ed'^nd ipade'him/elf'to be Very 
,.,.-. ,!SoD. ■'■ ■ ■«' ■ -; ':*■''; 

v^ Thait people gfeiVil^lTy like a good minifler for ;i 
little while, but ^fterw^rds familiarity breeds ^ontcmpt, 
41. Q^ What Jearn ydu btniif^ ^^'ariS iH ihi ^4ih ^^Af 

. ^^t: That- we fliould fdefcthat honour onlv which 
Gocneth.from God, i^s 2tK6 that it is impoiUhJ? to be a 
:(biuAi^|i, if we feek to pFe^fe the world. 

C.H A P. VI, 

ft. Q. JVhat do you Uarn from hincp f •' ! '^ 

-///'That,it is too.comnioD, for people to follow a mi- 
'' ,- ritftei^ through curiofity, iporc than to be edified by his 
dparinc.^.^ .... , ,_ .,, .. : ■• ^ i* 

'5. Q^ H^hat Unrn you from\QH%X^T^ hing filUMus for the 
feeding of hh l^^arcrs M'l^^^ ^ v 

v/- That the body i» to >e taken ' care of^ and that 
Christ is as careful for us now be is in heaven, as he 
was for the multitude when, on earth. That roinifters 
after his example, fhould ^.all the good they can to 
the bodies of men, to convince them they have a love 
for, and to open a way for giving good advice to, thcjr 
6, C^ Wh{it Ifarn you from this verfe ? 

A, That the reafon why Christ brings us into 
flraitSjj is tp prove us, whether we will truft in him or 
^,. ' K^\Wk<^t gather you from the words of Philip, ^' Jfl)at 

if. I hat when we look only upon outward means, no 
wonder ^h^l; our fai^b fatiJi tfs. 
*I2. ! ^QI frhal Uarn you.fromrC]avii$T .iiddiog them ^' G/7- 
ther up the fragments that refn^i^ea f .. *> . ■ . -u 

2 1%. A. That 

' t'iei^ ] 

T. fj r^i ()aax> fl". lis -' '' ^''.uo-i-n.t* -i^ ^ - • ''^ • 

^' ^ >f. TnAt weoygl^|.^pb^/njgaJ,3tboughiiob4:J<:ftetco 

and thaj thej^ ^ill c<?rtiinty ^h^^^^ much "fo >Afwci^ for, 
'who wafte tl^eir whok..5^^ .Vv 

14- ' .^^ ^^^' learn you from ihfijqtiv^, fart ofthis'viPfe ? 

'A. That tfie certainty and grcatncfs of oiA* Saviour's 
miracles, is an undoubted prpof that he w^ the jrue 
iVleffiah, fince Gqp .vfouldipever fo vifibTy fct his fcal 
to an impoftor. ,,,, J :^i^,. - . :, :. i^- ''•'^' 

A. To teaqh ciiriilig^s> ^nd,.par!;iqularJy' mlnifters, to 
fly worldly honours ^ , ^qd, ajfo .^o fdt us. 93i exaW^le, that 
Vhcn we arc befet withteipptarione of tbat'^flnd, it is 
beft to retire alone, to pray to God to be delivered from 
the evil of it, 
jt6. Q. What learn you fromrivhai CliKisT here /aid to the 

A. That he kn6Vtri frbm what principleSr aiul motives 
mt cwne fo hear thfe wWdP ' bf ^(j6d- 5 'therefpr? .yp;^ oughc 
to take^ h<fed how we hear,' ' ' ^ '* ' '^ ' ,^ 
53, Q. iiyx/f /^^ p^pyi^ oriy grounds from hence for their doc'^ 
■A .frin^aftranftcl^anti^hi^? ' - "'* '^ '^ '^ ' 

yf. No; for Christ telhirsih'thife 63d >^rfei that the 
. 1 fUfhprofiteth n^thin^, ^hd that his Words are Tpijit and 
.; lifcj i. e. they are^not to%i tihdcfrfto&d in a carqal but 
. :: fpiritualfenfc ^ and frequently by interpreting them liter- 
ally, men do greatly errV •'*' , • . •■ 

|. Q^ What learn you frbhiC}iK\sic^s''^a^irlg, "^o more in 
Jvdcafvhen the J^wsjiught id ill! him ? " ' n 

A. That it is ouf ditfcy, ridt trf exf5ote ^ourfeTves to 
needlefs dangers; and when we are perf<s|cuted at one 
V place, to flee to another, #hen theg^fcry '6f God j^d the 
good of the church do not rcqtiifi; b\ir'ftayii^. 
. ^ QrsWh&t learn y&U from hence?: '"''' ''*'' '^ 

A. That minifters mufft -eiep^^^W 6%''accoimfe^ the 
enemies iofimainlcindjif^hey ard fkithfM '%' reprov^ thetn, 
^nd tell them the t«llliV^>^ •"- '^^^^^'^^^^^'^ 'V^ ^*-^ 

J2. Q. WbauUi^rn youfrsm the difftrem opinimis mem had ef 


-//, X^at every chriftian, cfpccblly every minifter^ muft 
exped to be varioufly thought of, and fometimes to be 
Kcounted deceivers of the people* 
37» Qi //^ did Christ cry out thus on the lajl day ef the 
feaji? . 

A. Becaufe on that dav, they ufed to go and draw 
water and bring it up to the temple, faying tbefe- words 
of IJaiah. *' And th' y (hall draw water out of the wells 
•^of falvation,** jEsys Christ feeing ''them therefore 
do this, took occafion to difcourfe of the holy Spirit un- 
der the fimilitude of water. 
39. Q:. Wl)y was not the Holy Gbojt given^ till Jesus 
Christ was glorified ? 

A. Becaufe till then he was himfeif on earth, and had 
itoc taken on him the kingly office, nor pleaded the me- 
rits ef his death before his heavenly Father, by which 
be purcbafed th^t invaluable bleiEng for us. 
50. Q: What learn you from the boldnefs of Nicode9ius, in 
ewning Christ before tbeJe^iQi Sanhedrim^ thoatgh at 
firjl he came to him by night ? 

A. That where there is true grace, the fear of man 
will wear off* daily. 


II. Q. IFhy would not Christ condemn the woman caught 
in adultery ? 

A. Not becaufe he approved of her fin, but becaufe it 
did not belong to him as a prophet, to be the judge of 
fuch matters. 
g. Q^ What learn you from the per Jons being convicted from 
their own conjciences^ and going out one by one ? 

A. That wicked men need no other accufer but their 
own confcienccs ; and that it is abfurd to condemn and 
be inveterate againft another, for a crime we have been, 
or are guilty of ourfelves. 

Q^ Is it to be fuppofed that all this woman s accufer s had 
been guilty of adultery ? 

A. Perhaps 

U 3% ] 


^Perhaps, not in, the^ very ad) but' gutlty oC heart- 
adultery, as our Saviour explained it in the 5th oi Mat^ 
6* Q. H$w did the Jew$ intend to enfnare our hUJfed Lord, 
hy bringing this woman before him ? 

A. They wanted to impeach him, either as fevere if 
he ordered her to be ftoned, or as one that gave licenfe 
to fin, if he forgave her. 

(^ What may we^fuppoft Christ wrote when be Jioopei 
down ? 

A. It is prcfumption to give the leaft guefs, fince God 
has not thought proper to reveal it to us. 

Q^ What may we learn from Chkist^ scooping down^ as 
though he heard them not ? ^ 

A, That we ought to be unwilling to hear, and not 
take pleafure in hearing of our neighbour's faults. 
12. Qi How can it he faid^ that Jesus t\ktofpake again untg 
ihem^ when it is /aid before^ that they went out 9ne hy one? 

A, Some have fuppofed, that the difcourfe which fol- 
lows at this verfe, was at another ime \ but if the word 
then fliOTild confine it to the prefent time, it may be 
reconciled thus. We may fuppofe where Christ was 
fitting, there was a vacant place to which the fcribes and 4 
pharifees brought the woman, and in which Christ 
might ftand alone with her. Now thefe being convicted 
one by onc^ (for it feems plain that Christ fpoke only 
to them verfe 7th) they might go out ; while fuch as were 
there before the fcribes and pharifees came might re* . 
main ; and to them Christ proceeded with his dif- 
courfe, and fpake again on the point which he did, be-* 
fore he was interrupted. 
31. Qi What learn you from our Saviour's difcourfe with the 
Jews who believed on him ? 

A. That young converts ought to be exhorted to con- 
tinue in well doing ; and that perfcverancc only can de- 
nominate us true difciples. 
39. Qi IVhat learn you hence ? ^ 

A, That this is the language of all mere profeflbrs : 
they fay, we have Christ for our Saviour ; but if they 
^ere Christ's difciples they would do the works of 

Christ j 

.^ w«^0'liot"th€5|hih^ that tfe Taj's. '' 

' 4S. Q!' WharhMfwyiu from hettte ? 

jiS i*Phat tf' GHRftt who was innocencfc itfelf was 
called n d^fl, much niore will the members of his 
houfliold. ■'■ * 

56. Q^IVhidt ham you hence f^ 

yf^ That if yftrrfA<7;/f 'rej<yiced at a diftancd to fee 
Grrist'i day^ much mor*' ought wc to rejoice and 
girc thanks, who enjoy it as pt^fent. 

57. Q^ Does it appear from hence that Christ was fifty 
years old? ' 

. ' ^Ai, No, for it is plain he was not above thirty-four 
when he was crucified ; but wc muft confider that people 
in fuch cafes generally fpeak wi^thin compafs ; and be- 
fides, our Lord being a man of forrows and acquainted 
with grkf^ he might look ^Idcr by far than he really 

. was, ■ . ■■■:•• .■ . 

58. Q:, What learn you from hence ? 

A. That Jbsvs Christ is God, fince he takes that 
title to himfelf, which OoD himfelf made ufe of when 
He font Mofes to Pharaoh^ Exodus iiu 

C H A P. IX. 

2. Q; tt^af learn you from this t^uejliony put by our hlcjed 
Lord'x Difctples to him ? 

A, That they believed either the tranfmigration, or 
pre-exiftence of fouls; for otherwife how could a man fin 
befibr'^he vt^as born ? 

3. Qi What learn you from Christ'/ anfwer ? 

A, That all our ii^firmities and bodily afHi<5lions, 
though we may not think fo, are ordained by God for 
our ^6rd,' and his glory. 

5. Q^ Should every chrijiian be able to fay thus for himfelf ? 
A^ Yes, for we are commanded to let our light Hiine 

before men. 

6. • Q: ^^hy did Christ put clay en Ihe maris eyes? 

^. To"(heiv the vanity of a tradition of the *JezviJh 


Vcr. -laV 

chiKC^,^,(Im iit W9U Uf4^w/u^ fiPnOni^^dll^^TQf^^AdSab* 
bath-day; as alfo to ;(h«w»,c)ia^.<^qArfoi»t)tiQtt9>^works 
by the moft unlikely meajis; ai\d- t(f r«prfiftitt rM^cafe^b^ 
yoMflg A^^^vcrts, who bcf^c th^y^conw tftrfl*! fihe com- 
forts of f^e Holy Ghoft, :l>yi/piritu^l dtf^ftticm iodntemp- 
tacions have as it were their eyes put out. » \ \»rM. j . 
7. Q^ /^/'j' ^//V Christ ffn4 the m<m49W0{fifUmftJf? ^^ 
^, Xfl make trial .of his. obedience; anki faVthcr to 
teac> us^ that if weiwiUrji^oyer our ipiricual -fight, we 
muft be workers together with GoD^ in- the appointed 
means. . ,^.\ v ■•-, • . •■'" * 

9. Q:. What learn we from the man* 5 faying^ ^ I am be ?** 
A, That we fhould not bo^afhamcd to> conftfs that we 
have been healed by j£sc;s Christ. 

Q^ What may we Uarn from Christ'j ieing Hud U 

A* That we alfo oogbt to be kind to them^ < 

16. Q, What learn you from this firji anfunr of the Pba^ 

A. That ill*will fpeaks well of no mah* 

17. . Q^ What learn you fromi the beggar* s anfwtr? 

J. That we ihould n^t fear man, when caUed to tef- 
tify of Jesus Christ. 

1 8. Q, What learn you from the Pbarifees being willing t9 
have fo many evidences ofthisfacf? 

A. That they were unwilling it fhould he true; but 
there being fo many evidences of it, was, a great proof 
of the truth of the niiracle. 
22. Q^ What learn you fropi this verfe ? 

A. That too many men dare not fp?^ sjpd. prajSlice 
what they knpw of Jesus Christ, and hi^ wm^s, for 
fear ^of loiing their reputation, or fome p|hqff firmporal 
advantage. ... , , 

24. Q; What learn you from ihefe %vorJsp^ ," g^ye XjipJO the 
praif^^" , ; ■ .'"."' •.,.■■■;.*' 

A, That God {houlJ have all the glory of s^y niercies 
we receive ; but here it was fpoken hypoc.riticaUy, . 
21. Q^ What learn you hence ? ^ 

A. A good leffon, and ihat wc .cant\pj.^3cp^£i io have 


8. Q^ Did fiot this a^ife gfear^i^^ •: 

^' jt.' Yes ; and from Thence wc may learn that wc dught 

ito Seware of our carnal relations, vho will difliiade us 

' ^ fibm dbihffour duty, if difficulties atccij^d.ic, ^ t^Ci Plf* 

ciplcs cffdXrikisT. .^^^ .,,^ , t 

9, 10. Qt fybat is the meaning I?/ f^/fevirfe^f ., t- 

jt. The meaning of tbepi feems to be this : T^icre is a 
cirtain time appointed l^y my father for oDejto^do my 
work it\9 and in that time' I ?hall be as fafe fVom danger, 
as a man tbatwalketb by day is from f^^ing; bitt when 
that time is over^ I fball be taken by them, as a man 
falls when he walks in the dark. 
J X. CU ^^^ ^^^ Lazarus a£fually dead? why then does Christ 

A. Becaufe death is but as a fleep to a good man */ for, 
^ as Heep frees us from the labour of the day, fo does death 
free good men from the troubles of life. 

Q. What learn you from ChristV calling \a2»^vl% his 

A, That he loves us as dear as himfelf ; for a friend 
is faid to be as dear to a qian as his own foMi : ^^ And 
thy friend which is as thy own foul." 
16. Qi. What learn you from this faying j/" Thomas ?^ 

A. That in times of difficulty, it is the cbriftians duty 
to encourage, exhort^ and provoke one another to -keep 
clofe to Christ. 
18. Qi How much are I ^furlongs? 

A, Two miles. '...,' 

l(j, Q^ What learn you hence ? . ..\ ■« 

A» That it is the duty of chrlftians to vifi^ xheif: 
friends ; particularly at the death of their relations, and 
to comfort them with the hopes of feeing them a^ain 
raifed in glory. 

20. Q: Why did M^ry ft Jim? 

A. Probably out of humility, thinking herfelf unworthy 
to go, till Christ called her. 

21. Q^ Dldyiaxt\\zjhcwfaith/infaying^thus? 

A. Yes ; but flie exprcfied a weaicnefs in it, Coee (he 
confined Christ's power to bw bodily prefenee, f 

22. Q^Does 

k ^r- 1": 


u a bdif.noi tUU'vitfi'Mm^^ tbe^amtrof her 
A.' Yci; fbt £he reettf^jlp:^lo6krv^ at 

^vT ^ ' "" 

to 1 

;• 26. -Qi tVlat is the mMinngo/,Ae^e twiyirifs ? . \. "' 
/ rf.. They may be undcrfto^iiti^^6 to : ^that t^pjfgh a 
pcrfcm be dead in fin, yet hc|ilian ijve a jpjntual Ji(^, ijf 
. he believes in Christ r aiiii aSy, thaf a trap, believer^ 
though worms deftroy his body, ihall yet in^is (LeQxitt 

Qj What tnaf we learn from GrtRisT*j q/klng J^arthA 
the qutjiion at the latter end of the 26th verfe f 

J. That it is good when we are reading the fcrigture 
doctrines, particularly the do^rines of the refurre^on, 
and the new birth, to a(k ourfelves, whethei; we believe 
them or not. 
J* Qa Did Christ call Mary ? 

A. Not as we hear of, though he might and &yk pro<* 
bably ; chanty will incline us to think, file did t^ot tell 
an untruth. 
}k Qj ff^t ieatn you from hence f 

A, That this (hews Mary fat ftill, only heeaufe Christ* 
did not call her ; and alio, that we (hould imitate her 
behaviour; when Christ calls us to repentance, we 
(hould arife quickly, and come unto hitii* 
jt. Qn Wat nut here the like wefiknefs in MarjrV faith as in 

A.'YcSi they both confined his power to bis bodily 
4.* Qi ^as it consent with CHRiST'i innocent r^gnation 
to be troubled? 

' A. Yes, as he was troubled j for it wag a trouble that 

did not difcotnpofe him : fome therefore have reprefented 

' it by a glafs of pure cryftal water, which,, though Qiaken^ 

Vot. iV* A a "ia 


is not Buiddf*. Aoi io lliciiMy(t|^ il fekl, ^^ Christ 
troubled himfelf.'* 

^. Rn^Mb^ ^a feait)g^ and -<84nfid«riitg * «vb«r lia?oc 

fin had made, to ihow ryiii|Ni«hy fot the allifteA relati^ 

- ons;f but tmm partieiil«rly^ibr the bardheTs of t&e peo- 

: pk'a hearts, - ^ho-be* knew %ouId not' 4>e cemrerced, 

though he was about to fiiew fhein (6 gMtt a aiiniele. 
36. Q^ f^bat Itarn you hina f -^ i r 

A That if the Jtwi feM, ^ Btbold bow he Jovcd 
bim,'* when he filed only a fiw tear^, wdll inir^SM fay, 
<* Behdd bow He lored tls," wfaeir be 4hed flis precious 
blood for ii§. . ^ . 
37» Q: ^^/ learn jou hence ? 

A. That in-wilT fpeafcs well of notRing. 
39. Qi JVh^t li^trn you from MzitWs fayingj ^ LoRir, by 
this time hi Jlinkelb? 

Ji, That looking upon human improbabiKties, is a 
great weakcfier of our feith ; yvhtti Peter began to fear, 

he J)egan'to fink, c ..V , 

41. Q: i^<? «^^ hear that ChRMT prayed au£hfy tat thit 
time ? ^ - M^ ^ • 

. 4. Mo ; but He did it fecretly,' to teach u^ that it is 
pofliWe:,to .pray, though we do not ipeak. For the Spirit 
maketh interceiHon fbr us, with ^oanings that cannot 
be uttered. 

46, Q^ H^hat karn you hence ? 

' A. The fo!Iy of dur modern uhbelieicers, who wouW 
defire a ^petition of miracles, to convince then^ of the 
' truth of the chrrftlan religion; whereas it is to btidoubt- 
ed, whether they would be convinced by themi.ornot, 
fince here were fome who faw this great miracle of the 
refurredion of Lazarus, and would not believe, " If 
yc believe not Mo/es and the Prophets, neither will ye 
believe though one rofe from the dead/* 

55, Q. What team you hence ? 

J, That before the chriftian paflbvtr, the Lord's fup- 
per, chril4[iax^ ought to ftudy to prepare tbemli^ves by 
prayer and examination; 

c » A p; 

t. . . -•^" ■'^•"•" 

*«i»y A:" fItotKrtigtetidciw ndt call tik ftdhi ou/c6)nmon 
»"^ bufincfei titt7tea(*€slrt cdfolldM;«4t, With i projjcf priii- 
' dplei* dbtdiehc* wQcm\ almf Akt^oo not af the^i- 
ijWicjeofd^withWgwdlfal. ' 

{. Q^ What karn you hent} P ' - ^'' 

:i -5« Tfe^ »l'<*rlf6 fptJt-iitW; *fe^6t feliritsi thob^h it is 
• bcft to judge cRaHtaWy of all; . 
\.'i (XAJ^hat%amybU'hencef ' 

A. That if CHRtst was not Co'bd wjth us always, thth 
he is not bodily prcfcnt at th6 m^fs, as the Ramijh church 
fuppofes. . o 

\. Qi I>/V /*lr Prophets fdretflUfig thiir hardnefs ofbiart^ lay 
the Jews uni&r a necejjity of not beltAflhg ? 

A, No tttoit thitt oiir knowing the fun Will" rife to- 
morrow, 'obllgies the fuh to tife. The Prophet foreknew 
by the Spirit of God that it would be fo^ therefore fore- 
told it. 
\. Qi Does GoDf hardin any bneU heart ? 

A. Not dll they have hardfefied th^ir own hearts ': thus 
Pharaoh firft hardened his own heart, and then It is faid 
God hardened it* j; 
,43. Qi What learn you hence f 

A, That a fear of contempt, &c, &c. keeps many 

Well*difpofed people from confelfing Christ before men ; 

and' that we can never bb chriftians, till we are <:ontieii» 

v^wsrhjr^with" that honour and'praife which cometh from 

God; s i 


' „ C H A p. Xlil. 

'T^ Wlat 1{ the meaning of this verfe? ' " 

A. It feems to be this. He that is once really convert- 
ed,^ needs jpofthat jtfftlfieatibii arid Tan (Si ^cation;* which 
otl\er finners want ; but yet (hould mourn over his daily 
fins, and dally feek to have them waihed away by the 
.blt]pdjDf Christ. 

A 2 H' Qc Ought 


14* Q:, Ought wiU mah.a riti pf tb(sj and realfy wajb om 
afmibir'sfeit? '^\ 

ji. Some have thought (b; but if we do what is meant 
by this condefcenfion of our blelSs^ I^^^t Abmit to the 
"lleweft officfli for. the benefit of o|ae mckthcr, it (eems to 
'-■ ^jbf^fufficiekiti' :,:■ ofH- ..-■; r* '"'•{ 

A. That thofe are not alw^ysthe greateft favoivrjtes of 
heaven, to whom GoD'^jy.^ Qutwa^d i|lefing|« A^ 
- i^Ub^^tbat^^ater our Savioitf;*Sk fop^.if.^e^jiMrv not better 
we fhall be the worfej if w^^do jiotjiipypfipirQiOur ad- 
vantages; and fefve our M^er^ WAiball het|»y him, 
a;. Qi Did Chkist* s faying unto Judas, " fflnU tbou ioeft 
r. . 'd$ fuic^ly" lay bim undir an AbVgaiio»^ to do it f ^ 

A. By no means ; the meaning of it is this. If .thou 
art refolved to. betray ,me«. the,foQqer.t|ie4>Qtfer.v 
34. Qi' Why is tbi Mp^ OfmanAtper^^ : a. f^m^onfffufndtf^i ? 
• A. Becaufe it is to proceed from a new motive, and 

, meafure ; even Christ's love towards us. 
38. Qi What learn you hence ? 

A, That when we make any refolutions, they ought 
to be made in the name and ftrength of God ; other- 
wife he muft in pity let us fall, to convince us of our 


•^6. Q; What learn you hence ? 

A. That it is one of the peculiar offices of the Holy 
Ghoft, to bring to our remembrance what Christ has 
told us. And this every fincere chriftian knows by ex- 
30. Q. What learn you hence ? 

A, That the lefs corruption we have in our hearts, thf 
% lefs power will the devt| ba^ over us.. 


P 37$ l! 


CHAP. XV. , ^^Atvnt> 

'Z. '^QQ' W9?mP hark y^ Mar f -. =■ ■-.jh.-. • v.f(» ^.-Jr 

^/TMi^ every unprofitable fervant, andFall ^iiH(«f^:pro« 
feffin^ chriftians, will peri(h ; and that thofe^ who>ar(f true 
"^ chrim^»8 jiitift e^tp^a^ a)ffi^ioi» and triaIst>to^>repaJ^ 
thttrt fbr^^atct ftf view* ^ • - 

y#;' That the world h^ces ehriftiansiOiiaooMr»t'e£tbeir 
confoMkftd^ Christ ;thc«^tfore if chrifliahs will be 
cbriformed to Chuist^ it is impoffible fov them to avoid 
cottteinfjt. / «.» 

%2. Q^ Wbalkmeatahfibat ixpreffion^^^ they bad Mot bad 

A They would not have had fo great fin ; or no fin 
at all in comparifon of what they will have siow^^ > 

•b ■ 


% - 

. M', . 



■i ■ ^. l.WO<(.JX'.f,»' 

,' If J 

nor as en _ 

fervants of God in all that they have tA*'tfo, ' T*o deny thii 
would be as abfurd', as to make ithecci^rjr for ori^ t^dhidVt 
more juft or faithful than another/ ' ' 

To ^lofc th^fe arguments founded 'dn tetfbn anil fcnpturel^ 
Oiir being indifpenfably bbligJd'w devote bii^ lives 't6 feon,' 
is very evident from that gloriduS paffage of the^Aporflc^' 
wherein he declares that " 'Christ died and rofe kgain, Vfiat 
we ihoufd henceforth not live ti'nto ourfefves, but unto him 
that died for us ; that we are nof bdr own, b\it bought with 
a price," emphatically fo called, ah*fl that we (hould «* Xhtit- 
fore glorify God in our fouls and bddies which arc his/*'" ' 

IF then we defirc'to live as rational creatures, if wc Would 
not add heathen liv6s to chriftian prayers, if we would perform 
oiir' baptifmal vow, and do God's will on earth as it is dbnc 
in heaven ; if wc would comply with the whole' wijl of Gofi, 
and anfwer the end of our bleffed LordV birth, death, tefur- 
icftion, ancf afcerifion, we iriuft live wholly tb GoD, ahi 
Inak' his g^ofy the (ble rule ahd'ifieifure of our ii&\ng in every 
etnployment of life'.' - • > :: v. 

c '•' For want of knowing, or at^leaft of confidering thii^ we 
fee fuch a mixture of riditule iri' the lives of m§ny people. 
You fee them ftricft as to fonHJ'firftcs "krid plate of devotioii'j 
but when the fervice of the church is over, they are iikeihp% 
wlio feldom'or never come there,' In* their way of life, tKifr 
mariner of fpcnding both tsmfeand" money, in thrfir carts sfflM 
fears, in their pleafures and indulgences, in their labours^'iAd 
diverfions, they are like the reft of the world. This niakfA 
the loofe part of the world generally make a jeft of thofe'that 
^.. .are thus feeminely devout; not altogether it may be tietaujfe 
they are really devoted to God, but becaufe they applear 'fo 
have no other devotion, but that of occafional 'prayers; 

Juliuixs very, fearful of miffing prayers; all^ thi' paHft 
fuppofe y«/;tfj to be fick, if he is not at church. But if you 
afk him, why he fpends the reft of his time by humour or 
chance? Why he is bufy at all balls and affemblies f Why He 
gives himfelf up to an idle goffippirig converfatton ? If you 
afk him, why^he never piits his converfation, his lime, and 

- fortune, 

i 35§f 3- 

fly perfon., ^ Fpj be that 

rayi for h^mTelf, th^n tbc 1^^^ 

lives in/iJch a *9f)ujfe , of Jdlen^f^ s^nd folly^ .Ijves i^o more ac« 

CQrc|in|r tp the religion of j£si;s C<iri&t, than hf who lives 

'Our bleffcd Saviour and his Apoftles did not fpend tlicir 
whole miniftry in recommending the duties of public and nri- 
V2Ue^aYersi.tbp^gtxJbyj^t^i;il[ exaipple and precepts they r^» 
dcunmeoded and. enforced both j, but it is worthy our obferva-. 
tioii^ that after^ they had laid^ down a lively faith in God*s 
merpy ^hrpiigb Jj^sv^ Chrut^ as the foundation, thcy^ere 
c;^efly jtaken up ip. delivering do£lriiies which relate to cooi- 
monjife.' For they call upon us " to renounce the world^ (6 
as not. to ^ be conformed To fear none of its evils, to 
rcjefl its joys, and have no value for its happinefs: To be 
as mW'born bab^s^ that are born into a new ilate of things ; to 
live zs filgrimsy in fpirltual watching, in holy fear, and hea- 
venly afpiratiops after another life : To take up our daily 
crofs, to deny ourfelv^s, |o profefs the bleflednefs of holy 
inpurning, and. poverty of fpirit : To rej.eft^ the luft of the 
^j9ie(h, the luft of .the eye, .^^d the pride of life, fo as not t6 
follow or be led by them : To take no anxious thought for 
the mprrp^Y; to live in jhe.p/pfoundeft ftate of humility; to 
rqoice in worldly fufferings and, injuries, when it pleafes Gop 
to bring them, upon us ^ to fprg|iv^ and blefs our enemies, and 
fip IjQve mankind in the farne manner, though not degree, as 
jCjrOP Iqves them. Jn Ihort, to give up our whole hearts and 
ti^ffcilipns ^tp God, cven,a,Gop in Christ, and to ftrive to 
enter through the ftrait gate pf a.foundconverrion into a lifi: 
^f eternal glory." .[ ,,^ 

^ .This is the common devotion^ which our blcfled Saviour and 
Jjis Apoflles taught, in order, to make it the common life of 
j|il chriftians. But yet, though it is thus plain^ that this, and^ 
this alone, is true chriftianity, yet it is as plai^i, that there is 
iutle or nothing of this to be fo.und, not only among profefled 
rak€8> but even among the better and more fober fort of jpeq* 
.pic. You may fee them often at public worfhip, and yie 
J^0R,l>'6 table, and hear theni talking of'graqc ai^d religion, 
and find them pleafed with c^rthodox preachers ;.but look into 
their jij^cs,. and you fee them Jufl (he fame fort of people as 
5 - • ' othets 

t 3»« i 

ethers are, who nmke 1k> pfetences io devofidh sltal^i ^oWi 
the difference that yoo find between theni, feems to be-oA^ 
the dtfltrrence of natural tempers, or the effeA of a polite zti 
civilized education. " ' 

Leo has a great deal of good nature, has kept what they call 
good company, hates every thing that is falfe and balfc, is 'Wij 
generous and brave to his friexlds, but has concerned hlmieff 
fo litde with religion, that he hardly knows the diSejrea<6e'be- 
tween a Jew and a chriftian. '^' 

Eufebiusy on the other hand, has had early impreffions of ni^ 
ligion, fometimes prays extempore, and buys^ fedoks of devo^ 
tion, and receives the bleffed facramcnt once a Bfionth. *He 
can talk of all the do£lrines of grace, is acquainted with the 
true ftate of the con trover fy between the Cahinj/fs and Jrmi- 
niansy knows all the feafts and fails of the church, and the' 
names of moft men that have been eminent for piety. You' 
never hear him fwear, or make a loofe jeft, and when he talks 
of religion, he talks of it, as a matter of the laft concern. 

Here you fee,, that one perfon has religion enough, acco)-d- 
ing to the way of the world, to be reckoned a pious cbriftiani 
and the other U fo far from all appearance of religioit, that lie 
may fairly be. reckoned an heathen ; and yet if you look iitA 
their common life, you will find Ma/Mttp and Leo exaffly 
alike; fceking, ufmgy and enjoying, all that can be gotten in 
this world, in the fame maaner, and. for the famc^ads, evfn 
to pleafe themfelves, with^i^^ivy prevailing habitual regard to 
the glory of Gop. You will find that riches, profperiti^, 
pleafures, indulgences, ftate, equipage, and honour^ are juft 
. as much the happinefs of jBij^Wkv a» they are of Leo. , ^.^'. 

And muft qptall who ar^r capable of any reflecStJon, rrcadjIjT 
acknowledge, |hat this is generally the relate even of^ what we * 
commonly term irf^^tt/ )^/tf^/?, whether men or women ? You 
may fee them different from feme others, as to times and places- 
of worfhip, receivirg the facrao^ent, and .With a doQrinal 
knowledge of the form of found words; but ufually like the 
reft of the world in all the other parts of their lives. ^Is it not 
notorious, that cbriftia^s are now not only like other men m- 
their frailties and iij^rmities, (this might be in fome degree 
excufable, fince the fcriptures inform, us, \\izx. Elijah Was.i 
man of like paflions with others) but are they not like hea- 

C^^7 3 

LAW <jospe;l:ized 

••-'■ 'or, a n""" ^" 
A D D RE s s to all CriR'i s t i ans 


Holiness of H e a r t and Life* 


7bi Nature and Extent ofChrtJitan Devotion. 

CHRISTIAN devotion, fignifies a life given or devoted 
to God ; he conifequently, and he alone^ is tlie devout 
tnanj who lives no longer to his own will,. or after the way and 
fpirit of the world, but to the fole will of God ; who con« 
fiders Gpp in everything; who makes all the parts of- his 
^ommon life, as well as his more immediate religious exercifes, 
parts of piety, by 4oing every thing in the name of Jesus 
Christ, and undier fiich rules as are conducive to promote 
Cod's glory, 

Reafon and fcripture plainly evince the truth of this. For 
^ there is but ^^ one God and Father of us all," whoTe 
glory gives light and life to every thing that lives ; whofe pre* 
fence fills all places, whofe power fuppprts all beings, whofe 
providence ruleth all events ; fo every thing that lives, whe- 
|ber in heaven or earthy whether they be. thrones or principa- 
lities, men or angels, they are all bound, by the laws of their 
freation, to live wholly to the praife and glory of this one 
Qop and Father of them HU 

• By Letter 640, Vol, II, p. i^, it appears tijat thistraft was writ- 
fen about 7iar^ ^748, 


[ 3H J; 
, Hti jou^ SiTtmfi been obliged by, the oeceiSties of life^ M 
wajDi cloathi for your maintenance, or to wait upon Ibiiie 
miftrcfs, that demanded all your labour, it would then bi 
yoiir duty to ferve and glorify God, by fuch faumility, obe« 
<Uence, and faithfutnefs, as might adorn that ftate, and inoh' 
prove that one talent to its greateft height : but as Gop hadi 
given you five talents ; as he hath placed you above the neecl^ 
iities of life ; as he hath left you in the hands of yourfelf^ ia 
the happy liberty of chufing the moft exalted ways of religion | 
fo it is now your duty and privilege to turn your five talents 
into five more ; to fet no bounds to your love and gratitudt 
fo the bountiful Author of fo many bleffings -, and to confidcr 
bow your time,.leirure, health, and fortune, may be made 16. 
many happy means of improving your fellow- creatures in the 
ways of God, and of advancing yourfelf, through grace, at 
laft to the greateft heights of eternal glory. 

This, Serena^ is indeed your profefSon : and the reafon of 
this will appear very plain, if you would only confidcr, thaT 
your eftate is as much the gift of God, as your eyes or bands; 
and is therefore no more to be buried or thrown away at plesi^ 
fure,, than you are to put out your eyes, or throw away your 
limbs as you pleafc* 

But befides thefe confiderations, there are feveral other 
great and important reafons, why all chriftians in general, ancl 
fuch as I am now (peaking of in particular, (hould be religi-' 
oufly exaftin the ufe of their fortunes for the glory of God. 

For the manner of ufing our money, and fpending our 
eftate, enters fo'far into tbe.bufmefs of everyday, that out, 
common life muft neceiTarily be much of the fame nature as 
our common way of fpending our eftate. If we wafle it, we 
do not wafte a trifle, that fignifies little ; but we wafte that • 
which might be made as eyes to the blind, as a hufband to 
the widow, as a father to the orphan ; and which, if given m. 
faith, and out. of love to Jesus Christ, would greatly in* 
creafe our reward in a future ftate. *' Make to yourfelves. 
friends (fays our Saviour) of the mammon of unrighteoufnefs, 
that when you fail, they may receive you into evcrlafting hz* 
bitations." What ftHl adds weight to thefe arguments, is thjs^ 
if wc wafts our money, and do not improve our fortunes fof , 
the glory of GoD, and the good of our fellow- creat ares, we 


r 385 ■] .,,..-,.,.-• 

•leiiot only guilty of wafting a talent which Go O.^as g^vent 
«•, and making that ufelefs which might be fo powerful at 
snkTLns V)f doing good, but we turn this ufeful talent into a 
powerful means of corrupting ourfelves. For {q Car as it isr 
ipent wrong, fo far it is fpeiit in tha fupport of fome wrong 
tm^per, in gratifying fome vain and unreafonable defires,.in con-* 
forming to thpfe fafhions, and that pride of the world, which 
aB reafonable men and chriftiahs we are obliged to renounce. 
If itherefore, you do not fpend your money in doing good to' 
others, you muft fpend it to the hurt of yourfelf. And you 
wili a£l like a man that refufes to give that as a: co/dial td - 
a fick friend, though he could not drink it himfelf, without 
not only inflaming, but corrupting his whole mafs of blood. 

It may be worth our while to purfue this thought a little 
further. For as we are now difcourfing about people in the 
polite world, and of good fortunes, who we may fuppofe do' 
not live in grofs fins, but only in the indifcreet and dangerous 
ufe of things innocent and lawful in themfelves, fo it is more 
difficult to make fuch people art all fenfible of the danger of 
fuch a life, 

A gesfitlemaYk that fpends great part of his citate in fportsy 
and a woman that lays Out all her foi'tune upon herfelf, can! 
hardly be perfuaded, that the fpirit of religion cannot fubfiflf 
in fuch a way of life. Much lefs will they be eafily con- 
viiKcd, that fuch a turn of mind, however they may live free' 
from debaucheries, and be friends of religion, fo far as to 
pratfe, fpeak well of, and admire rt in their iAiaginationd^ will 
give ai bad turn to their whole way of life. But it is certainly 

A womany for inftance, that loves drefs, ^ho^hinks lio ex- 
pence tcio great to beftow upon the adorning of her perfon,- 
cannot flop there.- For that fmgle temper draws a thouf^nd 
other follies along with it; and will i^ender the whole courije 
of her life, her buftnefs, her convcrfation, her hopes, her.fearsy 
her ufte, her pleasures, and diverfions, all fuitable to it. Oti 
the contrary,- a lady who is habitually dead to the thrngs of the 
World, and has devoted her time and fortune to God"; fucih a 
one will let her wTiole life be a continued ft^rics of good alli- 
ens,' as may benefit her own and others fouls, and cohfcquenily 
ailorn the gofpel of her Lord and Saviour Jesus ChKis-t. 

Vo£. IV. B^b Fhvia^f 


C 386 ] 

Flavin^ and Miranda^ are two maiden fifters, that have eacfi 
of them two hundred pounds a year. They buried their farher 
twenty years ago, and have fince that time fpcnt their eftafeas 
they pleafed. 

Flavia has been the wonder of all her friends, for her excel"- 
lent management, in making fo furprizing a figure with fo 
moderate a fortune. Several ladies that have twice her for- 
tune, are not able to be always fo genteel, and fo conQantat 
all places of what (he calls innocent pleafure and expence. She 
has every thing rn the fafhron, and is in every place where thcrt 
is any dfverfion. Flavia is very orthodox \ fhe talks warmly 
againft heretics zx\^ fchijmatics^ is generally at church, andoftcft 
at the facrament. She once commended a fcrmon that was 
againil the pride and vanfity of drefs, and thought it was very 
juft againft Luctnda, whom flie takes to be a great deal finclr 
than (he need* to be. Should any one aflc Flavia to do fomc- 
thing in charity ; if (he likes the perfon who makes the propo* 
fal, or happens to be in a right temper,*{he will tbfs hmi half a/ 
crown or a crown, and tell him, that if he knew what a % 
millener^s billiht had juft received, he would think it a great 
deal for her to give. A quarter of a year after this, (he hears 
a fermon upon the neceffity of charity ; flie thinks the msiA 
preaches well, that it is a very proper fubjeft, and that people 
want much to be put in mind of it ; but fhe applies nothing 
to herfelf, becaufe fhe remembers that (he gave a crown fomc 
time ago, when Ihe could fo ill fpare it. 

As for poor people, (he will admit of no complaints from 
them.; Ihe is very pofitive they are all cheats and liars, and 
will fay any thing to get relief, and therefore it muft be a fin 
to encourage them in their evil ways. 

You would think that Flavia had the tendered confciencc 
in the world, if you was to fee how fcrupulous and appre- 
henfive (he is of the gujlt and danger of giving amifs. 

She buys all books of wit and humour, and has nfiade an 
expcnfive colleflion of all our Evglijh Poets ; for (he fays, onfc . 
cannot have a true tafte of any of them, without being very 
coih'erfant with all. 

She will fometimes read a book of piety, if it is a (hort one, 
^n^ if it is much commended for ftile and language, and (he 
•:?n tell where to borrow it. 


t 3h ^ 
Pla*uU iS vel-y idle, and yet very fond of fine work : this 
lakes her very often fit working in bed until noon, and will 
« told many a bng ftory befdre (he is up j fo that I need 
\ot tell you, that her Aorning devotiotis ate not always 
rightly perforlT,edi 

Flavid would be a rfiirack of piety. If (he Was but half fo 
CSireful of her foul, as (he is of her bo^y. The rifing of a 
pimple in het face, or the (tihg of a gnat, will make her keep 
her room two or three days ; and (he thinks they are very ra(h 
ptoplc, that do not take C2lre of things in tirfie. This makes 
her fo Over careful of her health, that (he nevel- thinks (he is 
well enough ; and fo over indulgent, that (he never can bt 
jfcally well. So that it cofts her a great deal in fleeping 
draughts, and waking draughts, in fpirits for the head, in 
drops /or the herves^ ih cordials for the fiomach^ and in 
iiffiron for her tea. 

If you yi&t f'lavia oti the LokD's day^ you will always 

meet good company ; you will know what is doing in the 

vrorld, and who is (tiednt by every name that is in it. You 

will hear what plays were aSed that week, and which is the 

fiaeft fong in the opera ; who was intolerable at the laft af* 

ftmbiy, and what games are moft in fafhion. Flavia thinks 

tiwy are Jthei/ls who t>lay at cards on the Sunday ; but (he will 

tell you the niciety of all the games, what cards (he held^ how 

fte played them, and the hiftory of all that happened at play^ 

as foon as (he comes from churchy If you would know who 

is rude and ill-natiited, who is vain slnd foppifh, who lived 

tfx>high^ and who is in debt ; if you. would know what is 

the quarrel at a certain houfe, or who and who are in love | 

if you Would know hdW late Belinda comes hbiHe at nighty 

whzi cioaths (he h^s bought, how (he loves complimenrs, and 

ivhat a long ftory (he told at fuch a place; if you would 

know how crofs Zz/r/crj is to his wife, and what ill-natured 

things he fays to her, when no body hears him ; if you would 

know how they hate one another in their hearts^ though they 

appear fo kind in public ; you milft vifxt Flavia on the Sunday. 

But ftill, (be has fo great a regard for the holinefs of the 

Sundayj that (he has turned a poor old widow out of her houfe, 

IS a" prophane wretch, for having been found once mending 

her cioaths on the Sunday night. 

B b 2 Thus 

C 38« ] 

Thus lives Flavia ; and if flic lives ten years longer, (be 
will have fpent about fifteen hundred and fixty Sundays after 
this manner ; and (he will have worn about two hundred dif- 
ferent fuits of deaths. Out of thefe thirty years of her life, 
fifteen of them will have been difpofed of in ^ed ; and of the 
remaining y^//;f, ^hout fourteen of them will have been con- 
fumed in eating, drinking, dreffing, vifiting, canverfation, 
reading and hearing plays and romances, and attending at 
opera's, aflcmblies, balls and diverfions. For you may reckon 
all the time flie is up, to be thus fpent, except about an 
hour and a half, that is difpofed of at church, moft SunJajs 
in 'the year. With great management, and under mighty 
rules of ceconomy, ihe will have fpent fie thoufand pounds 
' upon herfclf, except fome few fliillings, crowns or half crowns, 
that have gone from her in accidental charities. 

I (hall not take upon me to fay, that it is impoffible for 
Flavia ever to be faved ; but thus much muft be faid, that 
file has no grounds from fcripture to think flie is at prefent 
in the way of falvation. For her whole life is in direSt oppo- 
fition to all thofe tempers and practices, which the gofpel 
has made necefTary to falvation. 

If you was to hear her fay, that (he had lived all her life 
like Anna the prophetefs, '^ who departed not from the templ^ 
*^ but ferved God with fallings and prayers night and dsLj^^jm 
would look upon her as very extravagant ; and yet thb wddU 
be no greater an extravagance, than for her to fay, that (be 
had been '^ ftriving to enter in at the ftrait gate," or makiot 
any one dodrinc or precept of the gofpel, « rule of her 

She may as well fay, that (he lived with our Saviour whea 
he was upon earth, as that (he has lived in imitation 6f hioi 
or made it any part of her care to live in fuch tempers, as be 
required of all thofe that would be his difciples. She ouy ai 
truly fay, that (he has every day wajhed the Saints JeA^ n 
that (he has lived in chriftian humility and poverty §f fpini\ 
and as reafonably think, that (he has taught a charity fid^ 
as that (he has lived in works of charity. She hath as muck 
reafon to think, that (he has been a centinel in an army, > 
that (he has lived in watching and felf-denial. And it oia/ 
as fairly be faid, that (he had lived by the labour ofherhaod^ 
6 « 

{ 389 1 
as that flie bad given all diligence to make her calling and 
dedlion fure., 

Now though the irregular trifling fpirit of this character, 
belongs I hope but to few people, yet many may here learn 
Ibme inftru^ion from it^ and perhaps fee fomething of their 
own fpirit in it. 

Bat not fo Miranda (the fifter of Flavia) \ Ihe is a fober 
jreafonabie chrifiian. As foon as (he was miftrefs of her time 
and fortune, it was her iirft thought, how (he might beft 
ful61 every thing that God required of her in the ufe of 
them, and how (he might make the beft and happieft ufe of 
this (hort life. She depends upon the. truth of what our 
blefled Lord hath faid, <^ chat there is but one thing needful," 
and therefore makes her whole life but one continual labour 
after it. She has but one reafon for doing or not doing, for 
liking or not liking any thing, and that is^ the will of God. 
She is not fo weak, as to pretend to add, what is frequently 
fiilfely called the fine lady^ to the tria chriftlan \ Miranda 
thinks too well, to be taken with the (bund of fuch illly 
words; (he has renounced the world, to follow Christ ia 
the exercife of humility, charity, devotion, abftinence, and 
heavenly a(Fe&ions ; and that is Mirandd^ fine breeding. 

Whilft (he was under her mother, (he was forced to live 
in ceremony, to fit up late at night, to be in the folly of 
every fa(hion, and always yifiting on Sunditys \ to go patched, 
and loaded with a burden of finery^ to the holy facrament % 
lo be in every polite converfation ; to bear prophanenefs at the 
play*houfe, and wanton fongs and love intrigues at the opera ; 
to dance at public places, that fops and rakes might admire 
the finenefs of her (hape, and the beauty of her motions. The 
lemembrance of this way of life is very grievous to her, and 
makes her exceeding careful to give evidences of her unfeigned 
repentance, by a contrary behaviour. 

Miranda does not divide her duty between God, her 
neighbour, and herfelf ; but (he confiders all as due to God, 
and fo does every thing in his name and for his fake. This 
makes her confider her fortune as the gift of God, that is 
to be ufed as is every thing that belongs to God, for the 
wife and reafonable ends of a chriftian and hcly life : her 
fortune therefore is divided between herfeif and the poor, 

B b 3 and 

[ 390 3 

and (he has only her reafonable part of relief from it. For 
(he thinks it the fame folly to indulge herfelf in needlefs, vain 
cxpences, as to give to other people to fpcnd in the faiqe 

This is the fpirit of Miranda^ and thus fhe ufcs the gifts 
of God. If you was to fee her, you would wonder who it 
was that was fo furprizing and unafFededly neat and clean ; 
for every thing about her refemWes the purity of her foul, 
and (lie is always clean without, becaufe (he always ftudies 
to be pure within. 

Every morning fees her early at her prayers ; (he rcgoiccs 
in the beginning of vrtry day, becaufe it begins all her pioqs 
rules of holy living, and brings the fre(h pleafure of repeating 
them. She feems to be as a guardian angel to thofe that dwell 
about her, with her watchings and prayers blefling the place 
where (he dwells, and making intercefEon with God for thofe 
that are afleep. 

Her devotions have had fome intervals, and (he has had 
reafon to think that God hath anfwered feveral of her private 
prayers, before the light hath entered into her fifter's roonir 
>lffr^7;7^/<7 does not know what it is to have a dull half-day; 
the returns of her hours of prayer, and her religrous exercifes, 
eome foo often to let any copfiderable part of time lie heavjr 
upon her hands. 

When you fee her at work, you fee the fame wifdom that . 
governs all her other aflions j (he is either doing fomethiiig 
that is neccffary for herfelf, or neceflary for others, who want 
to be affifted. Her wife and pious mind neither wants the 
^imufement, nor can bear with the folly of idle and im- 
pertinent work ; (he can admit of no fuch folly as this in 
the day, becaufe (he is to call herfelf to an account fbr all her 
actions in her fecret retirement at night. 

At her table (he lives ftriftly by this rule of holy fcripturc, 
•* whether ye eat or drink, or whatfoever ye do, do all to 
^^ the glory of GoD.*' This makes her begin and end every 
meal, as (he begins and ends every day, with afts of devo- 
tion : Oie does not indeed weigh her meat in a pair of fcales, 
but (he weighs it in a much better balance ; fo much as 
gives a proper ftrength to her body, aind renders it able anJ 
willing to obey the foul, is ^handcfs meal* 


[ 39^ •] 

• *The holy fcrfptures, cfpccially of the New Teflamcnt, afc 
her daily ftudy. When (he has this in her hand, fhe fupppfcs 
hcrfclf at the feet of our Saviour and his apoftles, and receives 
their facred words with as much attention and reverence, as 
if fhe faw their perfons, and knew, that they were jufi: come 
from hekven, on purpofe to teach her the way that leads to 
it. Nor does (he content herfelf barely wiih reading the 
•fcriptures 5 but in reading, conftantly cafts her eye upon her- 
ifeif, and tries herfelf by every do£lrine that is therp, becaufe 
fhe thinks this is the only poffible way to be ready for her 
trial at the laft day. 

Books alfo of devotion, and efpecially fuch as enter into 
the heart of religion, and defcribe the inward helinefs of the 
chriftian life, 'have fuch a large place in her clofet, that (he 
is fometimes afraid that (he lays out too much money in them^ 
becaufe fhe cannot forbear buying all the pra£^ical books of 
any note. But of all human writings, the lives of pious per* 
fons^ and eminent faintSj^ are her greateft delight. In thefe 
fhe fearches as for hidden treafure, hoping to find fome fecret 
of holy living, fome uncommon degree of piety, which (he 
may make her own. By this means, Miranda has her head 
and heart ftbred with all the principles of wifdom and bolinefs^ 
and if you are in her company, when fhe thinks proper to talk, 
you muft be made wifer and better, whether you will or 

To relate her charity, would be to relate the hiftory of 
-every day for twenty years paft. She has fet up near twenty 
poor tradefmen who had failed in their bufinefs, and fayed as 
many from failing. She has educated feveral poor children, 
that were picked up in the ftreets, and put them in a way of 
honeft employment. As foon as any labourer is confined at 
home with ficknefs, fhe fends to him, till he recovers^ twice 
the value of his wages, that he may have one part to give to 
his family as ufual, and the other to provide things conveni* 
•Cnt for his ficknefs. 

If a family feems too large to be fupported by the labour 
of thofe in it that can work, fhe pays their rent, and gives 
them fomething yearly towards their cloathing. By this 
pieans there ar? many poor families which live in a ^opifort- 

B b 4 able 

f 39^ ] 

jpfble manner, and are frofn year to year blefing her. In their 

If there is any poor man or woman, that is more than or- 
dinarily wicked and reprobate, Miranda has her eye upoa 
^^heni) and if {he can difcover that they are in any great ftreight^ 
or affli£):ion| (be gix^e6 them fpectiy relief. She has this, care 
for this fort of people, not only becau(e (he once favc4 a 
very profligate perfon from being carried to prifon, who im- 
jmediately became a true penitent, but becaufe flie believes 
jthat a tendernefs of afFedion towards the moft abandoned iin- 
ners, is every where rcprefented in the gofpel as the bigheft 
inftance of a divine and godlike foul. 

Miranda once pa0ed by a houfe, where the man and his 
wife were curflng and fwearing at one another ijci a ijooft 
/dreadful manner, and jthree children crying abojt^t them \ this 
fight fo mu(ch affedled her compailionate mind, ^hat (he went 
the next day, and even bojught the. three children, tha( they 
might not be ruined by living with fuch wicked parents. 
They now live with Miranda^ are blefled with her care an4 
prayers, and all the good works that 0)e can do for them. 
They hear her talk, they fee her live, and join with her in 
pfalms and prayers. The eLdeft of them has already been an 
inftrument of converting his parents from their wicked life, 
and fliews a turn of mind To remarkably pious, that Miranda 
intends him for holy orders; that being thus faved himfelf, 
he may be zealous in the falvation of fouls, and dofp other 
iniferable obje£ls, as flip has done to him. 

Miranda is a conftant relief to poor people in their misfor- 
tunes and accidents ; for there are fometimes little misfortunes 
that happen to them^ which of themfelves they could never 
be able to overcpn;ie : the death of a cow^ or a hprfe, or fome 
little robbery, would keep them in diftrefs all their lives. She 
does not fufFer them to lie grieving uncjer fuch accidents as 
thcfe. She immediately gives them tiie full value of their 
]of3, and makes ufe of it a? a means of ruifing their piinds 
.pwards God. 

She has a great tendernefs for old people that are grown 
paft their labour. The parilh ano>^ance {Miranda fays) to 
fuch people, is yery feldom a comfortable maintenance. For 
this reafon, they are the conftaiit objcds of her care ; ftic 


C 393 3 

adds (o much to tbeir allowance, as ibasewhat cxceefds the 
wages they got when they were young. This fhc does to com- 
, fort them under the infirmities of their age, that being free 
from trouble and dtftrefs they may ferve God in peace and 
.tranquillity of mind. She has generally a large number of this 
kind, who by her charities, and exhortations to holinefs, 
ipend their laft days in great piety and devotion. 

Miranda never wants compaffion even to commm iiggars ; 
efpecially thofe that are old or fick, or full of fores, and that 
want eyes or limbs. Miranda conftders that Lazarns was a 
common' beggar, that notwithftanding he was the care of an- 
gels, and carried into Abraham's bofom. She confidcrs that 
our blefled Saviour and his apoftles, were kind to beggars } 
. that they fpoke comfortably to them, healed their difeafes, 
' and reftored eyes and limbs to the lame and blind. She there* 
fore bears their complaints with tendernefs, and never bids 
then go to the place from whence tbey came, or tells them 
that (he cannot relieve them becaufe they may be cheats, or 
that tbey are ftrangers ; but ihe relieves them for that very 
reafon becaufe they are ftrangers y and though ihe cannot, 
like our Saviour and his Apoftles, work miracles for their re- 
lief, yet flic remembers the words of our Lord, *« I wits a 
ftranger and ye took me in,'' and can fay with. St. Peter^ 
^^ fuch as I have, give I unto you, in the name of Jesus of 
^^ Nazareth:' 

It may be, fTiys Afiranda^ that I may fometimes give to 
thofe who do not deferve it. But .where, fays flie^ has the 
fcripture made merit to be the rule or meafure of my charity ? 
On the contrary, docs not the fcripture fpeak on this wife, 
** if thine enemy hunger, feed him ; if he thirft, give him 
.^^ drink.'' And if I am to love and do good to my worft 
enemies, furely I am not to deny alms to poor beggars, whom 
I neither know to be bad people, nor any way my enemies I 
Poes not God make his fun to rife on the evil and on the 
. good ? Is not this the very goodnefs that is recommended to 
MS in fcripture ? that by imitating it, *^ we may be children 
f^ of our father who is in heaven^ who fendeth rain oa the 
*« juft and the'unjuft." 

Perhaps you will reply, " By this means I encouragf people 
*f po be beggars.** But may not thp.£une obje^on be made 


r 398 3 

not that you think I am going unprepared to meet the Juctge 
of quick and dead, but that I am to leave a profperous trade 
in the flower of my life. 

This is the wifdom of our manly thoughts. And yet wha^ 
^olly of the fiUicft children, is fo great as this ? For what is 
there miferable or dreadful in death, but the confequences of 
it? When a man is dead, what docs any thing fignify to bim^ 
but the ftate he is then in i 

Our poor friend Lepidus^ you know died as he was drefSng" 
himfclf for a feaft; do you think it is now part of his trouble, 
that he did not live till that entertainment Was over ? Feafts, 
and bufinefs, and pleafures and enjoyments^ fcem great things 
to us, whilft we think of nothing elfe ; but as Toon as we add 
death to them, they all fink into littlenefs not to be exprcfled ; 
and the foul that is feparated from the body, no more lament^ 
the lofs of bufinefs, than the lofing of a feaft. 

If I am now going to the joys of God, could there be any 

reafon to grieve, that this happened to me before I wa^ forty 

years of age. Can it be a fad thing to go tp heaven, before I 

'have made a few more bargains, or flood a little longer behind 

a counter ? 

And if I am to go amongft loft fpirits, could there be any 
reafon to be content, that this did not happen to me till I was 
old and full of riches. 

If good angels were ready to receive my foul, could it be. 
any grief to me that I was dying on a poor bed in a garret ? 

And if God has delivered me up to evil fpirits, to be dragged 
by them to places of torment, could it be any comfort to me, 
that they found me upon a bed of ftate ? When you are as 
near death as I am, you will know, that all the different ftates 
of life, whether of youth or age, riches or poverty, greatnefs or* 
meannefs, fignify no more to you, than whether you die in a 
poor or ftately apartment. 

The greatnefs of the things which follow death, makes all 
that goes before it fmk into nothing. 

Now, ih^t judgment is the next thing which I look for, and 
everlajhng happinefs or mifery is come fo near to me, all the en* 
joyments and profperities of life feem as vain and infignificant, 
and to have no more to do with my happinefs, than the cloaths 
that I wore when I was a little child* 


C 397 } 

Though this be a matter that we can eafily pafs over at 
prefent, whilft the health of our bodies, the palEons of our 
minds, the noife, and burry, and pleafu<:es, and bufinefs of 
the world, lead us on with ^^ eyes that fee not, and ears that 
<* hear not :" yet at death, it will fet itfelf before us in a 
dreadful magnitude y it will haunt us like a difmal ghoft, and 
our confciences will never let us take our eyes from it, unlefs 
they are feared as with a red hot iron, and Goo (hall have 
given us over to a reprobate mind. 

Piftitens was a bufy notable tradefman, and very profper- 
Ous ih his dealings ^ but died in the thirty-fifth year of his 

A little before his death, when the doctors had given him 
overf fome of his neighbours came one evening to fee him ^ 
at which time he fpake thus to them. 

*• I fee, (fays he) my friends, the tender concern you 
have for me, by the grief that appears in your countenances, 
and I know the thoughts that you now have of me. You 
think how melancholy a cafe it is, to fee fo young a man, 
and in fuch ilourifhing bufinefs, delivered up to death. And 
perhaps, had I vifited any of you in my condition, I (hould 
have had the fame thoughts of you. But now, my friends,' 
my thoughts are no more like your thoughts, than my con- 
dition is like yours. It is no trouble to me now to think 
that I am to die young, or before I have raifed an eftate. 
Thefe things are funk into fuch mere nothings^ that I have no 
name little enough to call them by. For if in a few days, 
or hours, I am to leave this carcafe to be buried in the earth, 
and to find myfelf either for e\'er happy in the favour of God, 
or eiernally feparated from all light and peace; can any 
words fufficiently exprefe the littlenefs of every thing elfe ? 

Is there any dream, like the dream of life, which amufcs 
us with the neglefl: and ^difregard of thefe things ? Is there 
any folly like the folly of our manly ftate, which is too wife 
and bufy to be at leifure for thefe reflections ? 

When we confidcr deaUi as a mifery, we generally think 
of it as a miferable feparation from the enjoyments of this 
life. We feldom mourn over an old man that dies rich, but 
we lament the young, that are taken away in the progrefs 
of their fortunes. You yourfelves lovk upon oie with pity, 


[ 400 ] 

But the thing that oow furprizes me above all wonders^ is 
this, that till of late I never was convinced of that rergnirig 
foul-deftroying (in of unbelief; and that I was out of a ftatp 
of falvation, notwitbftanding my negative goodncfs, my fecm- 
ingly drift morality, and attendance on public worfbip and 
the holy facraracnt. It never entered into my head or hearty 
that the rightcoufnefs of Jesus Christ alone, could recom- 
mend me to the favour of a fin avenging God, and that I muft 
be born again of God, and have Christ formed in my heart, 
before I could have any well-grounded aflurance that I was a 
cbriftian indeed, or have any folid foundation whereon 1 mtghit 
build the fuperftruAure of a truly holy and pious life. 

Alas! I thought I had faith in Christ, becaufe I was bom 
in a chriftian country, and faid in my creed, that <' I believed 
on Jesus Christ his only Son our Lord." I thought I was 
certainly regenerate and born again, and was a real chriftiaa, 
becaufe I was baptized when I was young, and received the 
holy facrament in ndy adult age. But alas I little did I con* 
' fider that faith is fbmething more than the world generally 
thinks of; a work of the heart, and not merely of the head, 
and that I muft know and feel that there is no other name 
given under heaven whereby I can be faved, bur that of j£su» 

It is true indeed, you have frequently feen me at church ant 
the facrament; but alas, you little think wha^ remoife of 
confcience I now feel for fo frequently faying, ^< the remem- 
brance of our fins is grievous unto us, and the burden of tbem 
is intolerable/' when I never experienced the meaning of them 
in all my life. You have alfo feen me join with the miniiler 
when he faid, ^ we do not approach thy table trufiing on our 
own rightcoufnefs ;^ but all this while I was utterly ignorant 
of God's righteoufnels, which i» by faith in ChrIsT Jesus^ 
and was going about to eftabliih a righteoufnefs of my owQ. 
It is true indeed, I have kept the fafts and feafts of the church, 
and have called Christ, Lord, Lord ; but little did I think, 
that no one could call Christ truly Lord, but by the Holy 
Ghoft. I have attended upon ordinations, and heard the 
Bifhop afk the candidates, " whether they were called by the 
Holy Ghoft;" I have ferioufly attended to :he minifter, when 
he exhorted u$ to pray for true repentance and God's holy 

Spirit y 

[ 401. ] 
Spirit; But alas, I never enquired whether 1 mylelf had fe* 
ceived the Holy Ghoft to fan6lify and purify my hearty and 
worked a true evangelical repentance in my foul. I have prayed 
in the litany that I • might bring forth the fruits of the Spirit, 
but alas, my whole life has been nothing but a dead life, ar 
round of duiies, and model of performances, without any living 
faith for their foundation. I have profefled myfelf a member 
of the church of England-^ I have cried out, <* The temple of 
the Lord, the temple of the Lord," and in my zeal have 
exclaimed againft DiiTenters \ but little did I think, that I wa$ 
ignorant all this while of moft of her effential articles, and that 
my pradice, as well as the want of a real experience of a work 
of regeneration and true converfion, when I was ufing her 
offices, and reading her homilies, gave my confcience the 

O my friends ! a form of godlinefs without the power, and 
dead morality not founded on a living faith in the Lord Jfisus 
Christ, is fuch a dreadful delufion, fo contrary to the lively 
oracles of God, that did not I know (though alas how latel) 
that the righteoufnefs of Jesus Christ was revealed in them, 
and that there vas mercy to be found with God, if we venture 
by a real faith on that righteoufnefs, though at the eleventh 
hour, I muft now fink into total defpair. 

Penitens was here going on, but had his mouth ftopped by a 
coovulfion, which never fufFered him to fpeak any more. He 
lay convalfed about twelve hours, and then gave up the 

Now if every reader would imagine this Penitens to have 
beeii fome particular acquaintance or relation of his, and 
fancy that he faw and heard all which is here defcribed ; that 
be ftood by his bed-fide when his poor friend lay in fuch 
diftrefs and agony, lamenting the want of a living faith in 
Jesus Christ, as t^e caufe of ^ dead, lifelefs, indevout life: 
if befides this, he fliould confider, how often he himfelf might 
have been furprized in the fame formal dead ftate, and made 
an example to the reft of the world ; this double refie£lion, 
both upon the diftrefs of his friend, and the goodnefs of that 
Gqd, which ought to have led him to repentance, would in 
all likelihood fet him upon feeking and earneftly praying for 
fuch a faith, of which Penitens felt himfelf yoid, and conftrain 

Vol. IV. C c him 


C 40t ] 

him to let the Lord have no vcft, till he ihoukl be pleaftd to 
apply the rigbteoufnefs of his dear Son to his fia-fiek feuU awl 
cfiable him henceforward to ftudy, out of love, to glorifjr him 
in all the aflions of his futvre life, as the beft and happieft 
thing in the world. 

This therefore being fo ufefiil a meditation, I fliall bcie 
leave tfie teader, I hope, ferioully engaged ia it. 


Shewingy low the fear of being fingular^ and making thi ujsrld 
their rule of a^ion^ is a fccond gredt fayfej whyjofewdevok 
thewfelves to God. 

ANOTHER caufe why fo f(?w devote themfelv^s to 
GoD> is a fear of contempt from the world* and their 
making its modes and cuftoms the general ride of all their ac- 

The hiftory of the gofpel is chiefly the hifiory of Chj^ist's 
conqueft over the world. And th^ i^uqiber of true chriftianSy 
19 only the number of thoie who following the Spirit of 
Christ^ have livedo and do live^ contrary to this fpirit of the 

*' Whofoever is born of God, (fays the apoftle) overcome^ 
the world. Set your affefUons on things above, and npt on 
things on the earth ; for ye are dead, and your life is hid with 
Christ in Go©." 

This is the language of the whole New Teftameat } tUs 
13 the marlc of real chriftianity. We are to be dead to tl^. 
fpirit and temper of the world, and live a new life ip the Spirit 
©f Jesus Christ. 

It was this, that made Saint Paul fo paf^ioeately expreft 
himfelf, ^' God forbid, that I (hould glory, iave in the croTs 
of our Lord Jesus Christ." But why does he glory? bc- 
caufe his chriftian profefiion bad called him. to the honour of 
fufFering for Christ, and of dying to the worlds undef re- 
proach and contempt, as the Lord Jesus had died upon the 
crofs. Hence he immediately adds, ^^ by whQm (be world is 
cruci&ed unto me, and I unto the world." 

..Tl|a*wHi the crofe af CmnuTj itt S^int PduPstim^i the 
igler^. :«f .iciiriAia«6« For i» t\(6whcri tlferfi^, fpeaking of 
chriftians in general, that they are " to Aifler, to be Cnicifi^i, 
4t^dik^ mki tor riis wirbCrtitiaT;'' or ilft hn crucifixion, and 
•ddath^ ^aoidr refanredion, wiH profit chcm nothing. A^ to his 
iUfertep, (bjrs lie, f< if vie fugh- mOi hin^, we fhall alfo reign 
midtk h'lmJ* At to his crucifixion and death, " Knowing that 
-our oildman is crucified with hUm. If we are dead t^itti 
C^Eirr, wc believe that wefcall alfo Kve with him.'* And 
itiea fis to ttee rcfurreaion of Christ, feys he, " If ye be rifen 
nffidi CoRi^T, feck thofe chifigs which are above." Ffom all 
vAkhYk tbxts it plainly appears, that our Mefied Lord not only 
dJodaod YOk again 'm our ftead, and^s our federal head an^ 
repiwft*oati«e, but that alfo if we arc chriftians indeed, we are 
to be,ooRfoniiicd to all he did and fufFered for us. 

It Wii for this Kafon, that the holy Jesus fold of hts^Difci- 
pflea^ ani of atl true believers, ^^ they are not of this world, as 
I «ta h9««f this wprld." Becauic, ail true believers conform- 
ing to the fiifferings, (^nKifixion, deaMl, and refurre£lion df 
CmiirF, live no longer after the fpirit and temper of this 
world, but " their life is hid with Christ in God." 

Htvi^hi^ this life is placed above the ways of the world, is 
ll^ondlerfuHy defcribed by Saint Paul^ in thefe words : " Wberc- 
f3Pe, benooforth know we no man after the flefh^ yea, though 
w« iMve IcRown Christ after the flefii; yet hencdbrth know 
1M him no more. Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is 
a. nc^ir creative ; old things are paffed away 5 behold, all things 
are become new." 

fie tflat ftels the force and fpirit of thefe words, can hardly 
bear any human interpretation of them. ** Henceforth, &c." 
that 19^ feMZ« the death and nefurrefKon of Chrtst, the ftate of 
chriftianity is become fo glorious a ftate, thiar Wi do not evert 
ODnAdtr Christ himfelf as in i?he flefli upon'eacth, bift as a 
God of glory .in heaven ; we know and conflder ourfdves noi 
barely as men in the flefh, but as fellow members of a new*, 
facsetyy i^atare to have all oitr hearts, our tempoifs and con- 
TffrfatKm in- heaven. 

Saint John plainly declares thus much : «» They are of the^ 
wojAA, cherefiove fpeak they of ttie world, and the work! betireth 
ihem y%tii ttri9f GoD." This is^his defcripdcw of ifee fol-^" 

C c 2 lowers 

[ 404 1 
lowers of Christ ; and it is proof enough, that no people are 
to be reckoned cbriftians in reality^ who in their hearts and 
tempers belong to this world. 

Saint Paul takes it for a certainty fo well knovm to cbrifti- 
ans^ that they are no longer to be confldered as living in thii 
. world, that he thus argues from it, as from an undeniable 
.principle, concerning the abolifliing the rites of the Jiwifi 
law : " Wherefore, if ye be dead with Christ from die ru- 
diments of the world^ why as though living in the worlds are 
ye fubje£l to ordinances?" Here could be no argument in this, 
but in the Apoftl^'s taking it for undeniable, that cbriftians 
knew, their profeffion required them to have done with all the 
tempers and paffions of this world, and to live as citizens of 
.the New Jerufaleniy and to have their converfation in heaven. 

Our blefted Lord himfelf has fully determined this point, 
in thefe words, ^^ They are not of this world, as I am not 
of this world." This is the ftate of chriftianity with r^ard 
to this world. If you are not thus out of and contrary to. the 
world, you want the difiinguifhing mark of chriftianity : You 
,do not belong to Christ, but by being out of the world ai 
he was out of it. 

We may deceive ourfelves, if we pleafe, with train and 
foftening comments upon thefe words ; but they are and will 
be underftood in their firft fimplicity and plainnefs, by every 
one who reads them in, the fame fpirit that our bleiled Loan 
fpoke them. And to underftand them in aily lower, and le(s 
fignificant meaning, is to let carnal wifdom explain away that 
doftrine, by which itfelf was to be deftroyed. 
. 3ut notwithftanding the clearnefs and plainnefs of thefe 
do^lrines,, which teach us thus to renounce the world, yet 
what a great part of cbriftians do live and die ilaves to the 
cuftoms and temper of the world. 

How many people fwell wicb pride and vanity for fuch 
things as they would not know how to value at all I but that 
they are admired in the world. 

. Would a man take ten years more drudgery in bufinefs to 

add two horfes more to his coach, but that he. knows^ the 

'world moft of all admires a coach and fix i 

. To abound in wealth, to have fine houfes and rich cloaths, 

to be attended with fplendor and equipage, to be beautiful in 


[ 405 1" 
perfohs, to have titles of dignity, to be above our fellow- 
creatures^ to command the bows and obeifance of other peo« 
pie, 'to be looked pn with admiration, to purfue our enemies 
with revenge, to fubdue all that oppofe us, tofet ourfelves in 
as-ntaich fplendor as we can, to live •highly and magnificently, 
to eat and drink^ and delight our&lves in the moft coftly man-* * 
ner ; thefe are the great, the honourable, the defirable things^ v 
to which- the fpirit of the world turns the eyes of all people; v 
and'mahy a one is afraid of ftanding ftill, and not engaging in 
the pdrfuit of thefe things, left the fame world ihould take him : 

hLfaKf: a man would often drop a refentment, and forgive 
aii affitmty but that he is afraid the world would not forgive ' 
him. I 

How ofiany would pra£lice chriftian temperance and fobriety 
in its utmoft extent, were it not for the cenfure which the 
world pafles upon fuch a life ? 

Thus do the impreffions which we have received from living 
in the world enflave our minds, fo that we dare not attempt 
to be eminent in the fight of God, and holy angels, for fear 
o£ being little in the eyes of the world. 

You will perhaps fay, that the world is now become chrif- 
tian, at leaft that part of it wher^ we live ; and therefore the 
world is not now to be confidered in that ftate of oppofition 
ta chriftianity, as when it was heathen. 

Jt -is- granted, the world now profefieth chriftianity. Bat 
will any one fay, that thb chriftian world is of the fpirit of 
CnfeieT? are its general tempers the tempers of Christ? are 
the paffions of fenfuality, felf-love, pride, covetoufnefs, ambi- 
tion, and vain-glory, lefs contrary to the fpirit of the gofpel, 
now they are amongft chriftians, than when they were among . 
heathens ? Or will you fay, that the tempers and paffiooa of . 
the heathen world are loft and gone ? 

. The world is fully defcribed to our hands by Saint Jobtu 
<«:A11 that is in the worM, the hift of the flefti, the luft of the 
eyes, and the pride of life," &c.Now will you fay, that thia; 
world is becoeikexhriftiaa? But.if attthia ftill fubfiiU, then 
the fame ii^orldiis now in b^rig,. hand. the. faoie enemy to.. 
f briftianity that was in Saint Ji^'9 d9§%i . -r: 

Cc 3 . fM 

['406 ] 
H^l you Uvmi ^itb our Savioary as hu tntc difciple, jfm 
had tbeo been imtett at he was ; and if you jamw- Uva in JMf 
fjpirit^ the worU wiH be the fame enoni^ to yte HWW'y %bat it 
WM to bim thru. ■^''-: 

.^.If ye mtKc of the worlil, (faltk our bloflU Lc«;o) she 
worU would lovtf its own; b<it bccaufo yc zw bos of dM 
wprid, but I kayo dioiiBii you out of tb*^ world, ttiarelbni tinr 
wprld batetb yoo/' 

:We ai« apt to, loft the true Meaning' of tiidb wanfay^tqr 
confidering tbcia only as aa Uftorietil dijkriftkm of. fcmtthing 
that was the ftate of our Saviour and his difciples at that tXmc,, 
But' this is reading the fcripturc as a d$ad UU€r:.'fo9 they is 
cxa£ily dcfcrihe tho ftate of tru^icfariftiajis in tbisj^ and all 
other times, to the end of the world. 

For as true chrijiianity is nothing elf^ but thefpirit of 
Chsut,! fo whether that fpirit appear in the pcrfen of 
Christ himfelf, or in his apoftlds, or followers in any age» 
it 19 the fame -thing : whoever hath bis fpirit, will be halfid, 
dcfpifedv and condemned by the world, as be was. For the 
world WiclU always lore its own, and none but its own : this 
is as certain and unchangeable, as the eontrariety between 
light ^nd darkhe6. - 

When the! holy j£su6 faith, <^ If the world hate yoii,^' ht 
dfK^xiot add;by;way.of coniblationj that'it may ibQiB:tiai0.Qr 
ether ceafe its hatred, or that it will not always bate tbctt} 
bucbe onlytgtvea this as a;reafon for their bearing it, *' You 
l^novthat iH'haced nae, before it hated you :" fignifying, that 
it was he^ or bis fpirit, that by rc;ffon; o( its contrariety to the 
worid^ was tbeo, and always would* b^ hated by it. 

Whether, .tlierefore, the world outwardly profeflbtb, or 
openly perfecutech cbriftianity, it ife ilill in the fame ftaoe of 
cMtnriely to the trup fpirit and hplinefs of the go(j[>d. 

And indeed the world, ibypircifeffing chriiVianity, n fo far 
fpooT being a IcTs. ilQngeroiis enemy than i^ was befdce,. that it 
h:is by iss fatoufiidtAroydd more chnftiansi- tbao- evfr itdM 
by the. nioft violent Jiwfecution,' L-,; -:;: : 

> It is ^ greater ernd^moipo dangerous onemy, bccaufe it has 
greater {iO)v^r4iVepcbhAflfena bf Its lav^ars, ridHtOy^ honouri, 
rewards, and prote^i^^iy than it bad by-thei^le^-ttp^-'furf of 
itb ^irfecutions. c " - 

C 4C7 1 

It is ^ niorc dangerous enemy, by having loft its appear* 
Mcebf enmity. And the change that the world has under- 
gone, has only altered its methods, but not leiTened its power 
df deftroying religion, 

Chriftians had nothing to fear from the heathen worli^ but 
thfc lofs of their lives ; but the world become a friend, makes 
it difficult for them to fave their religion. 

Hovir many eonfcicnces arc kept at quiet, upon no other 
fbufidation, bat becaufc they Tin under the authority of the 
thrijtian world? How many dire£)ions of the gofpel lie by 
unregarded, and how unconcernedly do particular perfon^ 
read them ? for no other reafori, but becaufe they feem unre- 
garded by the thriftian world. So that there is hardly any 
poffibility of faving yourfelf from the prefent world, but by 
confidering it as the fame v^icked enemy to all true holiilefs, 
as it is reprefented in the fcriptures ; and by alluring yourfelf, 
thisit it is as dangerous to conform to its tempers and paffions^ 
now it is chrifiian, as when it was heathen. 

From this quarter, therefore, arifes a great obftruAion to a 
really devout life, becaufe it cannot fubfift in any perfon, but 
fo far as he is dead to the world. And though human pru- 
dence feems to talk mighty wifely about the neceiTity of avoid- 
ing pariicufaritiesj yet he that dares not be (o weak as to he 
particular, will be often obliged to avoid cbe moft fubftantiaji 
^iiticB of chrifttan piety. 


Sbnvsng that the education which men generally receive in thiir 
youtby nmits a devout Hfe difficult to be pra^ifed ; and the /pi" 
fit rf a better educaiioR repreferfteiin the chara^er ^^Paternus. 

ANOTHER obftruaioh to a Jevout life, arifes from 
6vir education. We are all of us, for the moft part, 
Corruptly educated, and then fent to take our couf fe in a cor- 
rupt World : fd that it is no wdhder, ff examples of true piety 
^e fo feldom feen. 

' NuiAbdrs are undone fey being born and bred in families 
that have no religion ; where they are made vicious arfd irre- 
gtllafr, becoming like thofe with whom they firft lived. 

C c 4 But 

.[ 408 .] 

But this IS not the thing I now mean ; the education ^tbat 
I here intend, is fuch as children generally receive from vjf- 
tuous and fober parents, and learned tutors and governors. 

The firft temper that we try to awaken in them is prUe: 
as dangerous a pafHon as that of lu/1^ We ftir chem up to 
vain thoughts of themfelves, and do every thing we can (o 
pufF up their minds with a fenfe of their own abilities. 

Whatever way of life we intend them for, we apply to the 
fire and vanity of their minds ^ and exhort them to every thi^g 
from corrupt motives. We ftir them up to a6lion from prin- 
ciples of ftrife and ambition ; from glory, envy, and a defire 
of diftin£lion, that they may overtop all others^ and (bine 
above their neighbours in the world. Nay, we repeat and 
inculcate thefe motives upon them, till they think it a part of 
their duty to be proud, envious, and vain*glorious of their 
own accomplilhments. , 

If children are intended for holy orders^ we fet before tbeai 
fdme eminent orator, whofe fine preaching has made him the 
admiration of the age, and carried htm through all xhtdigmtin 
and preferments of the church. We encourage them to have 
thefe honours in their eye, and to expeS the reward of their 
fiudies from them. 

If the youth is intended for a trade^ we bid him look at all 
the rich men of the fame trade, and to confider how many are 
carried about in their ftately coaches, who began in the f^nc 
low degree as he now does. We awaken his ambition, and 
endeavovvr to give his mind a right turn, by often telling him 
how very rich fuch and fuch a.tradefm^n died. 

If he is to be a lawyer ^ then we fet great counfellors, lords, 
judges, and chancellors, before his eyes. We tell- him whit 
great fees, and great applaufe, attend fine pleading \ we ejchort 
him to take fire at thefe things, and to be content with nothing 
lefs than the higheft honours of the long robe. 

That this is the nature of our beft education, is too plain to 
need any proofs and yet after all this, we complin of the 
cffeds of pride j we wonder to fee grown men ailed anj 
governed by ambition, envy, fcorn, and a defire of glory \ 
not confidering, that they were all the time of their youth, 
called upon to all their adion -and induftry upon the fame 


— How<lry and poor muft the doarines 6f fclf-deniai; an! 
deadnefs to the world, found to a youth, that has been fpurred 
up to all his induilriy, by ambition, envy, and a defire of glory 
and diftin£lion I And if he is not to a& by thefe principles 
when he is a man^ why do we call him to zSt by them in his 

1 know it is faid in defence of this method of education; 
that ambition, and a defire of glory, are necefiary to excite 
young people to induftry ; and that if we were to prefs upoa 
them the dodrines of felf-denial,' and renunciation of the 
world, we fhould deje^it their minds, and fink them into duU 
nefs and idlenefs. 

But fuch objeflors do not confider, that this reafon, if it 
has any ftrength, is full as ftrpng againft preffing the like doc« 
trines upon grown men, left we fhould deje<^ thek minds, and 
link them into dulnefs and idlenefs. 

For who does not fee, that ndddU-aged men want as much 
the affiftance of pride, ambition, and vain-glory, to fpur them 
vp to a&ion and induftry, as do children ? And it is very 
certain, that the precepts of humility are more contrary to the 
tiefigns of fuch men, and more grievous to their minds, when 
they are prefTed upon them, than they are to the minds of 
young perfons. 

But further : could fuch objectors think, that if any chil* 
dren had been educated by our blefied Lord, or his Apoftles, 
that their minds would have been funk into dulnefs and idle- 
pefs I Or could they think, that fuch children would not 
have been trained up in the profoundeft principles of felf-de« 
nial and true devotion ? Can they fay, that our blefled LoRo^ 
who, confidering him in his human nature, was the moft 
devout, felf-denying man that ever was on earth, was 
hindered by his devotion from doing the greatcft example of 
worthy and glorious actions that ever were done by man i 
Can they fay, that his Apofiles, who lived in the fame fpirit 
of their Mafter, did therefore ceafe to be laborious and aAiv^ 
i^ftruments of doing good to all the world ? 
, A few fuch reflections as thefe, are fufficient to expofe all 
the poor pretences for an education in pride and ambition. 

Pate&nus lived about two hundred years ago^ he had 
but one fon, whom he educated himfelf, in his own houfe. 
. • 5 "A. 

T 410 3 

At tbej were fitting CdgiHlher in the gardeft, when the child 
was tin ysars old, Patirtius thus addrefled him. 

** The litdc time that you hare been in the world, my chiM; 
yoii have fpent wildly with me ; and my love and teitderneft 
to you, bat made you k>ok upon me at your only friehd attd 
benefaAor, and the caure of all the comfort and pleafurvthtk 
you enjoy. Your hearf^ I know^ would be ready to brtak 
with grief, if you thought thit Was the laft day that I ftonid 
live with you. 

But, tny child, though you now think yourfefF tnightf 
happy, becaufe you have hold of my hand, you are now in tbft 
hands, and under the tender care of a much greater father and 
friend than I am, whofe love to you is far greater than mme, 
and from whom you receive fuch bleifings as no mortal ean 

That God, whom you have feen me daily to wt)r(bip$ 
whom I daily call upon to bfefs both you and me, and all 
mankindj whofe worrdrous a£ts are recorded in thofe fcrip^ 
tures which you conftantly read ; that GoD, who created tM 
heavens and the earth; who brought a flood upon the tU 
world y who faved Noah in the ark ; who was the God of 
j/britham^ Jftae, and Jacobs whom JoblAtSkd and praifed id 
the greateft afHi£lions y who delivered the IfraeRtes out of tiH 
hands of the Egyptians ; who was the proteAor of righteeus 
Jcfephr Mofesy Jf^jhua^ and \\oVf Daniel \ who fent fomany 
prophets into the world; and who fent his Son Jestts Christ 
to redeem mankind : this GoD, who has done all tttefe 
great things ; who has created the many millions of tdtti^ 
that lived arid died before you was born ; with Whom the fpi- 
ftts ^f good men that arc departed this life, now live ; wbotf! 
infihite numbers of angels now worfliip in heaven ; this great 
GoD» 'who i» the creator of Worlds, of angelis, and men, h 
yourlbving'fither and friend, your good creator and nourifheri 
from whom, and not from me, you received your being tcil 
years ago, at the time that I planted that little tint Which yoii 
there fee, 

I myfelf am not half the age of this fbady oak under which 
we fit ; matry of our fathers have fat under its boughs ; we 
have all ©f us calWd it ctMts in our turn ; it ftands'ji antf drops 
its mafiefi^ as it drops \\% leaves, * 

6 ^ You 

C 4it ] 
'' You frt!, ttif fen, tliis ^ide iin<J Urge firmament ov^r our 
hradB, whercf'the yzi/r and mo^/?, and ai! the ^^ttx, appear in 
tkeir turn : if 70a was to be carried up to any of thefe bodies, 
yiod WK>uld difcover others as much above you, as the ftars are' 
aboye.tbis /tfr/i&... Were jou to ^o up or do\vn, eaft or weft, 
north or fouth, you would find the fame height without any- 
t^9 and the iaoie depth without any bottom,. 

• Afid yet, my chili), fo great is God, that all tbefe bodies' 
added together, are but as a grain of fand in his fight. Ne*-^ 
Wfftbelefsv you are as much the care of this great God and 
£4^ar of all worlds, and of all fpirits^ as if there were no* 
creature for him to love and protect but you alone. He num* 
bfirathe bairs of your-head, watches over you fleeping and- 
wakiag^ and has preferved you from a thoufand dangers, of 
vyhicl>' neither you nor I know any thing. 

^ .How poor my power is, and how little I am able to do for 
ypv« yQu have oftien feen. Your late ficknefi has (hewn yoo' 
how little I could do for you in that flate ; and the frequent- 
pains of your bead are plain proofs, that I have no power to 
nrmove them. 

' I can bring you food and medicines, but have no power to 
turn them into your relief and liouriibment : it is G0J> alone 
tbut can do this for you. 

•Therefore, my child, fear, and worfliip, and love GoD. 
Secure an intereft in his favour, by feeking after a living faith- 
10 JSiBUS Christ bis dearly beloved Son ; and then He, wh6' 
bUfled my father before I was born, will blefs you when I 

1 (hall in a fliort time die, and leave you to God and jrotir-' 
ftlf ; and as I know that my Redeemer liveth, and tnift that 
Qoo has forgiven me my fins, I fhall go to my dear Saviour^ 
Qd^ist Jesus, and livfe amongft patriarchs and prophets, 
£»ints and martyrs, and wait for your fafe arrival at the fame' 

Therefore, my child, meditate on thefe great things, and' 
yc>i^r foul, through the influences of God's bleffed Spirit, will 
ii^on -grow great and noble, by fo meditating upon them. 

• I/Ct your thoughts often leave thefe gardens, tbefe fields,- 
9U^d farms, to contemplate, upon God, and Christ, and hea- 
vQSi, to meditate, upcin angels and the fpirits of good men 
\mnij^^ light ^nd glory. 


E 412 } 

As jrou have been ufed to look to me in all your actions, and 
have been afraid to do any thing unlefa you firft knew my will; 
fo let it now be a rule of your life, to look up to God, even a 
God in Christ, in all your actions ; to do every thing in his 
fear, and to abftain from every thing that is not according to 
his will. 

God keepeth a book of life, wherein all the anions of all 
men are written ; and when you dje, my child, this book will 
be laid open before men and angels ; and according as your 
actions are there found to have been done in, and proceeded 
ftom a living faith in Jesus Christ, you will either be re- 
ceived into the hsppinefs of thofe holy men who have died in 
faith, or be turned away among thofe wicked fpirits, chofe hy- 
pocr^es and unbelievers, that are never to fee God any more. 

Never forget this book, my fon, for it muft be opened, yoti' 
muft fee it, and you muft be tried by it according to the deeds 
done in the body, whether they have been good, or whether' 
they have been evil. 

But above all, my child, learn of Jesus Christ to be 
meek and lowly in heart, and never do any thing through 
firife or vain-glory. Refift, therefore, aiid look up to Christ 
for a conqueft over every thought of felf^pridi^ znAJelf'Sftm*' 
tioH', and accuftom yourfelf to rejoice in all the excellencieii 
and perfections of your fellow- creatures, and pray and fiitdy 
that you may be as glad to fee any of their good anions, ss 
jour own. For as God is as well pleafed with their well- 
doings, as with yours ; fo you ought to defire, that every thing 
that is wife, and holy, and good, may be performed in as high 
a manner by other people, as by yourfelf. 

When I am dead, my Ton, you will be mafier of all my 
eftate, which will be a great deal more th^ the neceffities of 
one £imily require. As you are, therefore, to be charitable 
to the fouls of men, and wifh them the fame happinefs with 
yourfelf, in heaven, fo be charitable to their bodies, and 
endeavour to make them as happy as you can upon earth. 

; Study to have your heart filled with the love of GoD, and 
the love of your neighbour, and then be contented to be no 
d^per a fchojar, no finer a gentleman, than thefe tempers 
will make you. I am teaching you Latin and Greeky not that 
you fliould defire a great critic, a fin« poet, or an ek>* 


{ 413 •] 
>iuent orator ; but, that you may at proper times look ftito 
the hiftocy of paft ages, and learn the methods of God'8 pro- 
vidence over the world ; and that by reading the writings of 
^the ancient fages, you may fee how wifdom and virtue have 
-been the praifeof great men of all ages, and fortify yoi^r min4 
,bjr their wife fayingSt 

Avoid all fuperfluous fhews of finery and equipage, and let 
your houfe be furnifhed with moderate convenicncies. Do 
not confider what your eftate can afford, but what right reafoa 
and! religion require. 

Let your drefs be decent, clean, and modefl y and as to 
•your meat and drink, in them obferve the highefl rules of 
chriflian temperance and fobriety ; confider your body only as 
«the fervant and minifler of your foul ; and only fo nourilh it, 
as it may beft perform an humble and obedient fervice to it. 
. . Biit, my fon, obferve as a principal thing, and which I (hall 
remind you of as long as I live with you. Hate and difpifi all 
Jmrnangkryi it is nothing elfe but human folly. Love hu* 
mility in all its inftances, prac^ife it in all its parts ; conde- 
icehd to all the weaknefs and infirmities of your fellow-crea- 
toreS) cover their frailties, love their excellencies, encourage 
their virtues, relieve their wants,' rejoice in their profperities, 
compaffionate their diftrefs, receive their friendfhip, overlook 
their unkindnefs, forgive their malice, be a fervant of fervants, 
and condefcend to do the loweft offices^ to the loweft of man- 
kind. . ' 

- 'Afpke after nothing but an intercft in the righteoufriefs of 
Jsstrs Christ; and as a confequence of that, your own 
purity and perfe^Siion. Remember, my dear child, remember, 
that there is but one man in the world, with whom you are 
to have perpetual contention, and whom you fhould be always 
ftriving to exceed, and that is yourfelf. 

The time of pradtifing thefe precepts, my fon, will foon be 
•ver with you ; the world will foon flip through your hands^ 
or rather you will foon flip through it, Itlfeems but the other 
day, fince I received the fame inftruftions from my dear father, 
that I am now leaving with you. And the God that gave 
me ears to hear, and a heart to receive what my father faid 
unto me, will, I hope, give you grace to love and follow the 
fatbe inftruAions.*' 

'Thus did Paternus educate his foa. 


[ 414 3 

CiA amy one thinks that fuch an e^lucation i^ ibis womU 
ivcaken and dejedl the mindg of young people^ aod.ifeprive cbe 
W^rld of any worthy and reaCociable labours? 

So far therefrom, that there is nothing faHkiely to ensile r 
Md exalt the mind, and prepare it for the oioft bcroiead caer- 
cife of ail virtues. And fatal experience eVrry dajr cviiicei) 
tfaiat a contrary way of educating youtb^ is nofmaOl. himkance 
49 their devoting themielves entirely to Goj), mii living up 
to the ilri(Sleft rules of the bWfled aad everUftiiig gofpel. 

An education which is not wholly intent vpon this, is as 
much tkcfide the poiiijt, as an art of p^yfic that Ibad Utile oi no 
SSgiKd to the reftoration of health : or rather, it is like dk 
moifteriflig poifon inftead of pb)rfic/ 

For aa the only end of the pbyikian^ is to rcftore nature -to 
it^own ftate ; (b the only end of educatioo. iil^ to refloreotr 
taiionai nature to ita proper ftate. ' And as phytic loay jtrfUy 
be caUed the art of reftoriog health, fo education Aoiifii: be 
cQiiridered in no other lights than as theact of nccording warn 
ta the iife of reafon and religion. 

The youths that attended upon Pythifgpras^ Sptnates^ Pht^ 
and Epi&etus^ were thus educated. And fuilce chriftiaarity 
bft&t as it were, new created the meral and rfSgiom werUy'w^ 
Set every thing chat is reafonable, wife, holy, and defiraUe^ia 
iisa t2ite point of light ; one may reaibnably expert, diat the 
education of youth (houU be as much bettened hj chiSfUanity^ 
as the faith and dodrines of religion are amended by it. ' X 
'■ Butfince bur modern edueition-ia not bf fibia Und, .a. de- 
ficiency in fuch an eileniial. point, may be juftly aAgriCKl asjcr 
ff\90LTufan why many men find it to exceedingly dificttka^ 
(teaoae tbemfehres wholly «atO' God« 


C 4t5 ) 

C H A P. VL 

Shewing Imv ihi method 9/ educfliing d^u^Ors^ main it difflcuH 
for them to enter into the fpirit of chri/lianily ; how rnkfertxbly 
they are injured andahufed hfucb Ofi education ; and thejpirii 
of a better educaUou reprefenud m the chara^r of Eiktttisi. 


THAT turn of mind which' is taught and cncbureg^ in 
th^ education of daugbiersj makes it pccecding difficult 
iMr.tbem to enter mto fuch a feoTeand pra^ice of true devo- 
tion, as the fpirit of chriftianity requires. 
: For if it were a virtue in a wdman^ to be proud and vain in 
k€rfelf> and fond of the world ; we could hardly «fe better 
i^lCJUia loiratfejliefe paffions, than tbofe that are AoW vfed in 
their education. 

Mahhia is a fin« woman, of goqd breeding, great fenfe, and 
has a great deal of regard for religion. : Ihe has three daugh- 
1BC3, educated by iierfelf ; flie will truft them to no one elfe, 
nor at any fchooU for fear they (bouldjearn any thing ill. She 
ftiays with the dandng'mq/kr all ihe time be is with them, 
becaufe (be will hear every thing that is faid to them. She 
kaa heard them read th^ fcrtptur^s fo often, that they can re- 
peat great part of them without book; and there i^fcarce a 
gcx)d book of dievation, but you may* find it in their clbfets. 

Her dai^hters fee her great zeal for religion, but then they 
fee an equal earneftnefs for all forc^ of finery. They are 
afraid to meet her, if they have miffed the church; but then 
they are more a£raid to fee ber, if Aey are not laced as flrait 
as they can poffibly be. 

Matilda is fo intent upon all the arts of improving their 
elrefij that Ihe has fome ne^ fancy almofl every day, and 
leaves no ornament untryed, from the richefl jewel to the 
poorcfl flower. She is fo nice and critical in her judgment, 
and fo fenfible of the fmalleft error, that her maid is often 
forced to d^refs and undrefs her daughters three or four times 
a day, before fhe can be fatisfied with it. 

As to the patchings fhe referves that to herfclf ; for fhe feys, 
if they are not Auck on with judgment, ihcy are rather a pre* 
judice, than an advantage to th« face. . 


C 4'6 ] 

The children fee To plainly the temper of their mother, that 
they even afFeA to be more pleafed with drefs, than they really 
are, merely to gain her favour. 

They faw the eldeft fifter onc(^ brought to her tqirs, and 
her perverienefs feverely reprimanded, for prefuming to fay^ 
that ihe thought it was better to cover the heck, than togofo 
far naked as the modern drefs requires. 

She flints them in their meals, and is very fcnipulous (^ 
v^hat they eat and drink ; and tells them how many finf 
ibapes {he has feen fpoiled in her time, for. want of fuch tarCt 
If a pimple rifes in their faces, (he is in a great fright, and 
Chey themfelves are as afraid to fee her witl^ it, as if they had 
committed fome great fin. 

Whenever they begin to look fanguine and healthy, (he 
calls in the affiftance of the dcHor \ and if phyfic and iffua 
will keep the complexion from inclining to coarfe or ruHii 
(he thinks them well employed. 

By this means they are pale,' (ickly, infirm creatures, ftf* 
poured through want of fpirits, crying at the fmalleft acdh 
dents, fwooning away at any thing that frightens them^ aad 
hardly able to bear the weight of their beft dbathsj 

The eldeft daughter lived as Iqng as (he could uxider-tbil 
difcipline, and died in the twentieth year of her age. When 
(he was opened, it appeared, that her ribs had grown into 
her liver, and that her other entrails were much hurt, by being 
eru(hed together with her ftays, which her mother had ordered 
tb be twitched fo ftrajt, that it often brought tears into her 
eyes, whilft the maid was dreffing her. 

Her youngeft daughter is run away with a gamefter, a oa» 
of great beauty, and who, in dreffing and dancing, has tM 

Matilda fays, (he (hould die with grief at this accident, but 
that her confcience tells her, (he has contributed nothing. ta 
it herfclf. She appeals to their clofets and their books of de- 
votion, to teftify what care (he has taken to eftabli(h her chil*. 
dren in a life of folid piety and devotion. 

Now, though I do not intend to fay, that no daughters are 
brought up in a better way than this (for I -hope many are) 
yet thus much, I believe, may be faid, that the much greater 
part of them are not brought up fo well, or accuftomed to fa 
i&uch religion, as in the prefent inftance* 


r 427 ) 

liifllfitlf idto ^'goedwind u any nmninffmman in the kfAgi 

I have been thus drcumftamiftl in fo m%t\j feoliffli ptrti- 
culan of this kind of life, becaufe I hope, that every psUti'^ 
c^r foily that you here iee and read of, will naturally tiirn 
itfelf into in argument for the wifdom and happinefs of a re^ 
ligftiua life. • * 

' fiur'you will perhaps fay, that the ridiculous, reffiefs life 
of Flatusy is not the common ftate of thofe, who refigrt tHeriPk« 
felfes up to live by their own humour, and negleft the ftrift 
niles of religion ; and that therefore it is not fo great a^ ar* 
g;«faicnt of the happinefs of a religious life, as I wouM make 
it; *• f- 

I ahfwer^ that I am afraid it is one of the moft geH^ai cila* 
rmOtrs in life; and that few people can read it, wrthoat fee-i 
ing fomething in it which belongs to them. But let it M 
gfUited, that the generality of. people are not of fuch rcftlefs, 
^tk\t tempers as Flatus ; the difference is only this, fiatut 
it continually changing and trying fomething new, but others 
ftfe intent with fome one ftate ; they do not leave gaming^ 
and then fall to hunting ; but they have fo much fteadinefs iit 
tiKir tempers, that fome feek after no other happinefs, but 
diac of heaping up riches ; others grow old in the fports of the 
Md ; and others are content to drink themfelves to death^ 
without the leaft enquiry after any other happinefs. 
^ Now is there any thing more happy or reafonable in fuch 
a life aa this, than in the life of Flatus f Is it not as great 
and defirable, as wife and happy, to be conftantly changing 
Aom one thing to another, as to be nothing elfe but a ga- 
^HBrcr of money, a hunter, a gamefter, or a drunkard all 
your life ? Shall religion be looked upon as a burden, or at 
a dull and melancholy ftate, for calling men from fuch a hap<* 
pinefs as this I 

But turn your eyes now another way, and let the glorious 
joys, the exquifite happinefs oi Feliciana^ teach you how 
miferable, and how dull they muft needs be, and what a 
delufion they are in, whofe hearts arc not wholly devoted 
unto God. 

If you was to live with Feliciana but one half year, you 
would fee all the happinefs that flic is to have as long as fho ' 
lives. She has no more to comt^ but the poor repetition of 


[ 428 ] 
that which could never have pleafed once, but through a 

wrong turn of mind, and want of thought. 

She it to be again drcfTed fine, and keep her vifiting days. 
She is again to change the colours of her cloaths, again ta 
have a new head, and again put patches on her face. She 
is again to fee who a6ts beft at the play-houfe, and who fingi 
fineft at the opera. She is again to make ten viiits in a day, 
and be ten times in a day trying to talk artfully, eafiljr, and 
politely about nothing. 

She is to be again delighted with fome new fafhion ; and 
iSgain angry at the change of fome old one. She is to be 
again at cards and gaming at midnight, and . again in bed 
at noon. She is to be again pleafed with hypocritical com- 
plmtnts^ and again difturbed with imaginary affronts* She is 
to be again pleafed with her good luck at gaming, and agaia 
tormented with the lofs of her money. 

She is again to prepare herfelf for a birth nightt' and. agaia 
fee the town full of good company. She is again to hear dK 
cabals and intrigues of the town, again to have fecret tnteUir 
genpe of private amours, and early notice of marriages, quai^ 
jrels, and partings. 

If you 4ee her come out of her chariot more brifldjr thaa 
jufual, converfe with more fpirit, and feem fuller of joy than 
ihe was laft week, it is becaufe there is fome furpriziog new 
(^refs, or new diverfion jufl come to town. 

Thefe ar^ all the fubAantial and regular parts of FiBcimuti 
happinefs ; and (he never knew a pleafant day in her lif(^ 
)>jut it was owing to fome one or more of thefe things. 

Jt is for this happinefs, that (be has been always deaf to 
the reafonings of religbn ; ^nd if you look into the world, 
and pbferve the Jives of thofe women, whom no arguments 
can prevail on to live wholly unto God ; you will find moft 
of them to be fuch, as lofe all the comforts of religion, with- 
out gaining the tenth part of Feliciana^s happinefs. They 
are fuch as fpend their time and fortunes only in mimicking 
the pleafures of richer people ; and rather look tind long after, 
than enjoy thofc dclufions, which are only to be purchafed by 
confiderable fortunes. 

Nor does a life only of fuch vanity and fenfuality as that 
of Flatus ox Feliciana $^ but even the moft regular kind of 
lj^e, that is not governed by great d.evotion, fufficienily (hews 


[ 429 1 
liowdull and uncomfortable their lives muft needs be, wfad 
are not wholly devoted unto God. 

O&aoiut is a learned, ingenious man, well verfed in mod 
parts of literature, and no firanger to any kingdom in Europe^ 
The other day, being juft recovered from a ikigcrrng fever, 
lie thus addrefled his friends. 

** My glafs^ fays he,^ is almoft run out ; and your eyes fee 
how many marks of 9ge and death I bear about me : But Z 
plainly feel myfelf fmking away fafter than any ftanders by 
do imagine. I fully believe, that one year more will conclude 
my reckoning.'" 

The attention of his friends was much raifed by focb a de^ 
clanftion, expeSing to hear fomething truly excellent from (o 
learned a man, who had but a year longer to live; when 
OSmfius proceeded in this manner : ^^ For thefe reafons, my 
friends, I have left off* all taverns, the wine of thofe places ia 
not good enough for me in this deoay of nature. I mufi now 
be nice in what I drink ; I cannot pretend to do as I have 
done; and therefore am refolved to furniih my own cellar 
with a little of the very beft, though it coil me ever fo much. 

I muft alfo tell you, my friends, that age forces a man to 
be wife in many other refpefis, and makes us change, ^any 
of our opinions and pradiices. 

You know how much I have liked a large acquaintance ; I 
now condemn it as an error* Three or four chearful, divert^ 
ing companions, is all that I now deAre ; becaufe I find, that 
in my prefent infirmities, if I am left alone, or to grave com- 
pany, I am not fo eafy to myfelf/* 

A few days after OSiavius had made this declaration to his 
friends, be relapfed into his former illnefs, and was committed 
to a nurfe, who clofed his eyes before his frefli parcel of wina 
came in. 

. Voung EugifiittSj who was prefent at this difcourfe, went 
home a new man, with full refolutions of devoting himfelf to 
God. ^' I never, fays Eugeniusy was fo deeply afFe£ted with 
the wifdom and importance of religion, as when I faw how 
poorly and meanly the learned Ocfavius was to leave the world, 
through the want of it. 

How often had I envied his great learning, his (kill in 
languages, his knowledge of antiquity, his addrefs, aod fine 


[ 43^ 1 
maaner of expreffipg bimfelf upon all fubje&i ! But ^h$0 1 
faw how poorly it all ended, vvbut was to be the laft yc^rof 
(ucb a life, and how fooii(hly the m^Qer of 4II thefe gccom- 
pliihments ws^ then fofced to ulk» I was then convinced that 
thefe muft be nothing fo happy and coiQfort^ble. as i life of 
true devotion ; nor any thing fo poor and comfortlcfs^ at dcatk 
without it." 

^ Look novy at tbat condition of life, which draws tbc envy 
Qf.all eyes. • 

NigQtiiif is a temperate honeft ipan : he ferved his tioM under 
a mafter of great trade, but has by his own management made 
it -^ more conGder^ble bufioefs than ever it was before. For 
;l^irty years pafl:, h^ has written fifty or fixty letters in a week, 
;^ is bufy in correfponding with all parta of Europe, The 
gci^eral gootJ of trade, feems to NegtUius to be the general good 
vf yihf whoipfoever he adnaircs, whatever be commendS) or 
condemns, either in church or ftate, is admired, coxnmendnly 
€»r condemned) with foqie regard to.tradc*. 

Aa money ia continually pouring in upon bim» fo he^oftCD 
lets it go in various kinds of e;KpenQe and gcneiofity, and 
fometioies in ways of charity. 

Ntgoiius is always ready to join in any public contribution : 
If a purfe is making at any place where he. happens to br^ 
fvheiber it be to buy a plate fur a borie-iracc, .or to ledoefb a 
pr ifoDer put of jail, you are always fure of having fometUog 
irom ium. 

He has given a fine ring of bells to a church in the cptinlryi 
and there is much expcdation^ that be will fame time orpthcr 
mak^a more beautiful front to the mafkat-koafe, than bl»s yet 
been feen in any plage. For it is the generous fpirit of NigftiMi 
to dp nothing in a mean. way. . , 

The generality of people, when they think of happtoe&f 
think upon Negotiuh ^n whofc life every inftance of happWs 
i^ fvippofed CO meet ^ fuber, prudent, rich, pro(perou3y genc^ 
xous, and as the world thinks, charitable. . 

I«et us now then look at this condition in another, but traei 

Let it be fuppofed, that this fame Negatsus was a painfull 
laborious man, every day deep in a variety of affairs y that 
he neither drank, nor was debauche4i but was fober and re- 

^irlar in *is bofincfs. Let it b« foppdfca A*!* grew M m 
tli« cotirfe of trading ; and that Hie end and defigh of "all tlhis 
labour, care, sMid- ^plication to hrufineft, vHtk bhiy'Uiit^ht 
night die pofleiTed of imore than a hundred thoufand pMir 5t 
boot»ahd fpurs, and as mtny-great-coafs. Now if^thfsWas 
Tcully tfcc cafe, I beKev« tt wdiHd' be readily grinted, riiatt k 
life of fuch bttfifieft was as poor and ridiculous,' ad ianythsK: 
can be invented. Bu* it would puzzle dny^e to ftew, that 
« nqan that has fpent alt his time and thoughts In bufineft and 
hurry, jthat he might die, as it H faid, Mror# a Ikiindr^d ttiou- 
£uul pounds, is any whit'Wifer than he, who' has tilken the 
iaok pains to harv€ as many pair of boots and i][kirs When be 
ieaves tbe world. 

For if when he has gotten his hundred thoufand pounds, 
or ail his boots, his foul tt to go to his own pl&ce, as every 
f€Hil needs muft that has not clofed with Jesus Christ, and 
•is not born again of God ; how can we fay, thatf he who has 
iwom out his life in raifing an hundred thoufiind pounds, has 
aAed a wiibr part for himfeif, howev«r his money may profit 
others^ ^ than he who has had the fame care to proWde « 
hundred thoufand pair of boots and fpurs, and as many great 
coats i 

It would be endlcfis to multiply exanaples of this kind, to 
(hew how little is loft, and how greatly they are miftaken, 
«rho imagine they Aiould render themfelvcs dult'knd- Comfort- 
ids by iajurpd4»di^ a ftrid piety into every condition'of human 

Examples of great piety are not now common in the world ; 
Ibut tbe-oaifery^d folly of worldly ined, and* vatn and trifiii|g 
4Woaien, is wbattfoeets your eyes in every place ; uod you need 
'fK>t look far to fee, how poorly, how vainly men dream away 
iibfiir lives iot want ef xeal demotion. 

* This ts the jeaion that. I have laid belbne you Co many 
ichitfAAers of the vaiaity of a umldly life, jto tetich you to 
4nake ibme beiie&t of the conruption of the age, dad 'that yon 
^snty be jnade wife, ihough set by the fighcof w^ac piety 
is, ytt by feeing what mi&ry and folly reigo where piety ie 

• « To meditate upon the perfedion of the divine attributes, 
toconfiemplijte the love of Goo iaOHRiar^^ithe.^oriea «f 


C 43i J 
beiTCii, the joys of Cnnts and angels^ Hiring for e^er In thM 
brigbtneff and glory of the divine prefence; cbefe are tbe oie- 
ditationt of fouls advanced in piety, and liot fo futted to every 

But to (ee and vonfider the emptineri and erixir of all 
worldly happinefii} to fee the groiTnefs of fenfuaiity^ tbe poor- 
nefs of pridc^ the ftupidity of coYetoufnefs^ the vanity of drefi^ 
the dehifion of honour^ the blindncfs of our paffions^ the un^^ 
certainty of our lives^ and the (bortnefs of all worldly pro^ 
jefis ; thefe are cneditations which are fuited to all capacitiar, 
and fitted to ftrike all minds : This is that ^' wifdom that 
crietb^ and putteth forth her voice in the ftreets/' that ftandeth 
at all our doors, that appealeth to all our fenfes, teaching u$ 
in every things and every where, by all that we fee^ and all 
that we bear, by births and burials, by flcknefs and healthy 
by life and death, by pains and poverty,* by mifery and vanity, 
and by all tbe changes and chances of life ; that there is no- 
thing elfe for man to look after, no other end in nature for 
him to drive at, but a happinefs, which is only to be found 
in t life devoted to God. 

CHAP. Vllt 

Shiwing tbe ixattency end greainefs of a devout fpirit^ anipr^ 
ing that a eontrary fpirit^ is an indUation of great ignorance and 

I Have now finiihed what was intendecl ; \ ba^e explained 
the nature of cbriftian devotion^ and (hewn that it belongi 
to all orders, and more efpecially to thofe wbofe fortunes fet 
them above the common level of mankind. I liave endear 
voured to point out to you, the chief caufet of the general in- 
devotion of the prefeffing cbriftian world ; and have (hewn in 
various chara&ersy bow poor, how miferable they live, who 
are ftrangers to a life wholly devoted to God. I ihall only 
add a word or two by way of concluiion, to prove that fer- 
vent devotion is the nobleft temper of the grcatcft and nobleil: 
fouls ; and that a want of devotion, wherever it is, eithrf 
amongft the learned 9r unlearned, is founded in grofs igno- 

i t33 ^ 
ranee, and in the greateft blindnefs and infcnfibility that caa 
happen to a rational creature. 

And here, I fuppofe it will be granted on all hands, that it 
is a Agn of a great and noble mind for a man to be full of 
reverence and duty to his parents, to have the trueft love and 
honour for his friend, and to excel in the higheft inftances of • 
gratitude to his benefa£lor. Are not thefe tempers, in the 
higheft dc^gree, figns of the moft exalted and perfeft minds f 

And yet what is devotion^ but the^ higheft excrcife of thefe 
tempers, of duty, reyerencey love^ honour^ and gratitude^ to the 
amiable, glorious ^i^r^;?/, friend and benefa£ior of all mankind? 
So long, therefore, as. duty to parents, love to friends, and 
gratitude to benefadors, are thought great and honourable 
tempers; devotion, which ia nothing elfe but duty, love, and 
gratitude to God, muft have the chief place amongft our 
Tiigheft virtues. 

Again ; we know how our blefled Lord a£ted in a human 
bodyi it was ^' his meat and drink to do the will of his Father 
w^hich is in heaven/' And if any number of heavenly fpirits 
were to leave their habitations in theiight of God, and be 
for a while united to human bodies, they would certainly tend 
towards God in all their a£tions, and be as heavenly as they 
could, in a ftate of flefti and blood. 

They would adl: in this manner, becaufe they know that 
God is the only good of all fpirits ; and that whether they 
were in the body or out of the body, in heaven or on earth, 
they muft have every degree of their greatnefs and happinefs 
from God alone. All human fpirits therefore, the more ex- 
alted they are, and the more they know their divine original, 
and the nearer they come to heavenly fpirits^ by fo much the 
more will they live to God in all their a£lions, aud make their 
whole life a ftate of devotion. 

A devout man makes a true ufe of his rcafon ; he fce$ 
through the. vanity of the world, difcovers the corruption of 
his nature, and the blindnefs of his paflions. He lives by $ 
law which is not vifible to vulgar eye? ; he enters into the 
world oi fpirits \ he compares the greateft things, fcts eternity 
againft time; and chufes rather to be forever great in th« 
prefence of God when he dies, than to have the greateft fliarf 
of worldly pJeafures whilft he lives. TJicre is nothings thercaw 
: Vol. IV. E e ' " ■ fore, 


t 43+ 1 
forCi that (hews fo great a genius, nothing that fo faifcs t^ 
above vulgar fpirits, nothing that fo plainly declares sxiberm 
greatncfs of mind, as great and fervent devotion^ ' 

When you fuppofe a man to be z faint j or all devotioft, yoa 
have raifed hiin as much above all other conditions of life, as 
Si phihfopher is above an animal. 

The greateft fpirits of the heathen world, fuch as Pytbagtraty 
Socrater^ PlatOj Epi^etus, and Marcus Antoninus^ owed all their 
greatnefs to fomething they poiTefled, that refembled devotion. 
Their wifdem and deep eontemplations, tended only to delivet 
men from the vanity of the world, and the flavery of bodily 
paffions ; and had they been endowed with the revelation ^ 
Jesus Christ, they might have juftly been filled great and 
devout men. For their main end of living, feemed to be, 
that they might a£t as fpirits that came from God, and were 
foon to return to him. 

But to proceed : Courage and bravery are words of a great 
found, and feem to fignify an heroic fpirit ; but yet humility, 
which feems to be the lowefi, meaneft part of devotion, is a 
more certain argument of a noble and courageous mind. A 
man that dares be poor and conterhptible in the eyes of the 
world, to approve himfelf to Jesus Ohrist ; that refifts and 
rejeds all human glory, that oppofes the clamour of his paf^^ 
fions^ that meekly puts up all injuries and wrongs, and dares 
flay for his reward^ till the invifible hand of Goi> gives to 
every one their proper places, endures a much greater trial, 
and exerts a nobler fortitude, than he that is bold and daring 
in the fire of battle. For the boldnefs of a foldier, if he h 
a ftranger to devotion, is rather weaknefs than fortrtttde^ it 
is at beft but mad paffion, and heated fpirits, and has no nsore 
true valour in it, than the fury of a tyger. For as we cannot 
lift up a hand, or ftir a foot, but by a power that is lent us 
from God ; fo bold actions that are not directed by the laws 
of God, and done with a regard to his glory, arc no more 
true bravery, than fedate malice is chriftian patience. 

Farther ; That part of devotion which expreflcs itfelf iri 
ibrrowful confei&ons, and penitential tears of a broken and 
contrite heart, which with fome feems likewife another of the 
pooreft and meaneft things ; is notwithftanding an indication 
•f, the moft great and noble mind* For who docs not acknow-* 


C 435 3 

Itdge it an inftance of an ingenuous^ gehefbus anS braW 
mind, to acknowledge a fault, and alk pardon for any offence? 
Are not the fineft and moft improved minds thpe moft remark- 
able for this excellent temper? Is it not alfo allowed, that thd 
ingenuity and excellency of a man's fpirit is much fbewn^ 
when his forrow and indignation at himfelf, rifes in pro- 
portion to the folly of his crime, and the goodnefs and great- 
nefs of the pcrfon he has offended ? Now if thefe things ar^ 
fo, then the greater any man's mind is, the mot-e he will be 
difpofed to proftrate himfelf, and confefs his faults beford 
God, in all the humbleft afts and expreflions of repentance. 
And the greater the ingenuity, the generbfity^ judgment, and 
penetration of his mind is^ the more will he exercife and in- 
dulge a pafiionate, tender fenfeof God's juft difpleafure; and 
the more he knows of the greathefs, the goodnefs, and per- 
feAion of the divine nature, the fuller of fhamc and cbnfufiort 
he will beat his own fins and ingratitude. 

From all which confiderations, it plainly ajipears^ that de- 
votion is a true elevation of the foul, and that a lively fenfe 
of honour, and great knowledge of ourfelves, are thfe bef? 
natural helps that devotion hath. And if this doeS not proves 
that p'edt devotion is the noblf/i temper of the greateft arid tioBleji 
faulsj wc have not an argument to prove, that there is any 
fuch thing as a wife man or a fool. 

On the other hand, it will as evidently appear that a t^ant 
of devotion^ wherever it is, amoQg the learned or unlearned^ 
h founded on grofs ignorance, and the greateft blindnefs and 
infenfibility that can happen to a rational creature. 

People indeed of fine parts and learnings or of great know- 
ledge in worldly matters, may perhaps think it hard to havd 
their want of devotion charged upon their ignorance; biit if 
tbey will be content to be tried by reafon and fcrlpture, it 
msiy foon be made appear. For were hot our Lonb and hi^ 
flpofties^ eraineilt inftahccs of great and exalted devotion ?. 
And if we will grant, (as all pfofeffed chriftians muft grant)' 
that their devotion was founded on a tiut knbwledge of the 
nature of devotion, the natufe of GoD, and the nature oj^ 
faan; then it is plain, that all thofe who are infenfible of 
devotion, neither know Gob, thehtfelves, nor devotion. 
Pray how comes It to paft, that moft people have recoarfi 

E c a t6^ 

X 436 ] 

to devotion, when they are under ficknefs, diftrefs, or in fear 
of death ? Is it not, becaufe this ftate flicws them more the 
want of God, and their own weaknefs, than they perceive at 
pther times ? And if devotion at thefe feafons, is the tffeSt of 
a better knowledge of God, and ourfclves, then the negleS 
and want of it at other times muft be always owing to igno- 
rance. Ignorance did I fay ? Yes, undoubtedly, and that the 
mofk fiameful ignorance: for it is an ignorance of thofe things, 
which are moll eflential to us as rational creatures ; I mean 
pur relation to God, and the obligations we lie under to live 
wholly to his glory. 

If a Judge had fine (kill in painting, architefturc, and 
mufic, but at the fame tii;je had grofs and confufed notions 
of equity^ and a poor, dull apprehenfion of the value of juflice, 
who would fcruplc to reckon him a poor ignorant Judge ? If 
a Bifhop (hould be a man of great addrefs and fkill in the 
art of preferment, and of a quick underftanding how to raife 
and enrich his family in the world, but {hould have no tafte 
or fenfe of the maxims and principles of the faints and fathers 
of the church j if he did not conceive the holy nature, and 
great obligations of his calling, and judge it better to be 
crucified to the world, than to live idly in pomp and fplendorj 
who would fcruple to charge fucU a Bifliop with want of 
underftanding ? 

But now, if a Judge is to be reckoned ignorant, nay 
fhamefully fo, if he does not feel and perceive the value and 
worth of jufticc; if a Bifhop is to be looked upon as void 
of underftanding, if he is more experienced in other things, 
than in the exalted virtues of his apoftolical calling ; then 
all common chriftians are to be looked upon as more or lefs 
Ihamefully ignorant, as they are more or lefs ignorant of 
thofe great things, which are the co.mmon, and ought to be 
the greatcft concern of all chriftians. 

If a man had eyes that could fee beyond the flairs, or pierce 
into the heart of the earth, but could not fee the things that 
were before him, or difcern any thing that was ferviceable to 
him, we fhoulJ reckon that he had but a very bad fight. 
And if another had ears that received founds from the world 
in the moon, but could hear nothing that was faid or done 
upon earth, we fhould lool^^pon biaci to be us bad as deaf. 
5 In 

[ 437 ] 

In like manner, if a man has a memory that can retain a 
great many things ; if he has a wit that is (harp and acute in 
arts and faiences, or an imagination that can wander agree- 
ably in fiftions ; but has a dull, poor apprchenfion of his 
.duty and relation to God, of the value of piety, or the worth 
of an intereft in the righteoufnefs of Jesus Christ, he may 
very juftly be reckoned to have a very bad underfianding. 
He is but like the man that can only fee or hear fuch things 
^s are of no benefit to him. 

If an human fpirit fliould imagine fome mighty Prince to be 
greater than God, we fhould take it for a poor, ignorant 
creature; all people would acknowledge fuch an imagination 
to be the height of ftupidity : But if this fame human fpirit 
£hould think it better to be devoted to fome mighty Prince, 
than to be devoted to God, would not this be a greater proof 
of a poor, ignorant, and blinded nature ? 

Yet this is what all people do, who think any thing 
greater, better, or wifer, than a devout life. So that which 
way foever we confider this matter, it plainly appears, that 
devotion is an inftance of great judgment, and of an 
elevated nature; and the want of devotion is a certain 
proof of the moft fhameful ignorance, and want of under- 

Would you therefore not incur the imputation of* the 
higheft folly, and moft (hameful ignorance ; would you be 
poffefled of the nobleft and moft exalted judgment; would 
you avoid the fenfelefs and vexatious miferies that attend a 
vain, fenfual, and indevout life ; would you a6t like a rational 
and redeemed creature; would you enjoy folid peace and hap- 
pinefs here, and have a well grounded hope and aflurance of 
being inverted with eternal joy and comfort in the blifsful 
fruition of the glorious and ever-blefled God hereafter ; let it 
be your higheft concern henceforward, to afk, feek, and 
knock at the door of divine grace, till you obtain a true 
living faith in the righteoufnefs of the once humbled but novtr 
exalted Redeemer, and as a proof of that, to devote yourfelf 
entirely, without referve, to his honour, and do all the good 
you poiTibly can to all your fellow-creatures, for his great 
name's fake. 

Ee3 PRE. 

C 446 ) 

Soon as we draw our infant breathy 
*rhi feeds of fin grow up for death % 
Thy law demands a perfeSi heart ^^^ 
But we* re defiled in evry part. 

Behold f we fall before thy facie j 
Our only refuge is thy grace ; 
No outward forms can make us clean^ 
The leprofy lies deep within. 

Jtsus, our God, thy blood alone 
Hath power fuffcient to atone ; 
Lord, kt us hear thy pardoning voice ^ 
jfnd make our downcajl hearts rejoice. 


A LMIGHTY God, father of our Lord Jesus Christ^ 
^^ maker of all things, judge of all men ; we acknowledge 
and bewail our manifold fins and wickednefs, which we from 
time to time moft grievoufly have committed, by thought, 
word and deed, againft thy divine Majefty, provoking moft 
juftly thy wrath and indignation againft us. We do carneftly 
repent, and are heartily forry for thefe our mifdoings; the 
remembrance of them is grievous unto us ; the burden of them 
is intolerable. Have mercy upon us, have mercy up^on us^ 
moft merciful Father ; for thy Son our Lord Jesus Christ's 
fake, forgive us all that is paft, and grant that we may ever 
hereafter fcrve and pleafe thee in newncfs pf life, to the 
honour and glory of thy name, through Jesus Christ ouf 
Lord. Amen ! 

The Homily on the Salvation of Mankind. 

Burfd injhadoius of the nighty 
We liey Uill Christ rejlores the light ; 
tVifdom defends to heal the blindy 
And chaie the daiknefs of the mind; 


t 447 1 

Lop guilty fouls are drowned in tears ^ 
*TilI the atoning. Hood appears ; 
Tien they awaiefrom deep di/irefs^ 
Andfing the LoRD our righteoufnefs. 

Jesus beholds where Satan reigns^ 
Binding his Jlaves in heavy chains '^ 
He fits the prisoner free j and breaks 
The iron bondage from our nech. 

Poor helplefs worms in Thee pojfefs 
Grace^ wifdom^ power and right eoufnefs : 
Thou art our mighty All ; may we 
Give our whole felves^ O Lord, to Thee ! 


A LMIGHTY and cverlafting God, who haft given unto 
us thy fervants, grace, by the confefHon of a true faith 
to acknowledge the glory of the eternal Tiinity, and in the 
power of the divine Majefty to worlhip the Unity ; we beieech 
thee, that thou wouldft keep us ftedfaft in this faith, and 
evermore defend us from all adverfities, who liveft and reigneft 
oiie God, world without end« Amen ! 

The Homily on Faith* 

Not all the blood of heajis^ 

On Jewifh altars flain^ 
Could give the guilty confciente peacif 

Or wajh away thejlain. 

But Christ, the heavenly Lamb^ 

Takes all our fins away ; 
A facrifce of nobler name^ 

And richer blood than they. 

My faith would lay her hand 

On that dear head of ihine^ 
While like a penitent I Jiand, 

And there confefs my fin* 


C 448 ] 

My foul looks baci ufi4 
The burdens thou £^ biOfj 

When hangwg m tbt eurfei trUf • 
And hopes her gusH was thefts 

Believingj wi refcice 

To fee the curft remove i 
We blefs the Lamb with chearfnl voice^ 
Andfmg his bleeding lave. 


T ORD, we pray thee, that thy grace may always prevent 
and follow us j and make us continually to be given to 
all good works, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen ! 

GRANT, we befeech thee, Almighty God, that the 
words which we have heard this day with our outward ear», 
may through thy grace be fo grafted inwardly in our hearts, 
^h'at they may bring forth in us the fruit of good living, to 
the honour and praife of thy name, through Jesus Christ 
out" Lord, Amen ! 

The Homily on Good Works. 

Zion'i a garden waWd aroundy 
Chofen^ and made peculiar ground j 
A little Jpot enclosed by grace. 
Out of the world^s wide wildernefs^ 

Like fpicy trees, believers Jland, 
Planted by hn Almighty hand; 
And all the fprings in Z'\Gt\ fioiu. 
To make the rich plantation grow, 

Aivake, O heav'nly wind, and come^ 
Blow on thy garden of perfume ; 
Spirit divine, defcend, and breathe 
^ gracious gale on plants beneath. 



JUaie thou our fpices JUiv abroad^ 
A grateful incenfe to our God ; 
Ltt faith mod kvf4mdfcy apfear^ .;; 
Jnd ivery grate be M&ive herti. 


LMIGH'tY Got), unto whom all hearts arc open, all 
defines known^ and from whom no (fecrcts arc hid; 
anfe the thoughts of out hearts by the infpiration of thy 
\\y Spirit, that we may perfeAly love thee, and worthily 
ignify thy holy Name, through Christ our Lord. 
nen ! 

O Lord, who haft taught us, that all our doings without 
irity are nothing worth ; fend thy Holy Choft^ and pour 

our hearts that moft excellent gift of charity, the very 
id of peace and of all virtiies, without which, whofoever 
sth is counted dead before tbee. Grant ibis^ for thy only 

1 Jesus Christ's fake. Amen ! 

The Homily on Charity. 

Come^ deareft Lord, defani and dwell^ 

By faith and love^ in nfry hreaft ; 
Then Jball we knowy andta/ie^ andfeel^ 

The joy i that cannot be exprefs*d» 

Come^ fill our hearts wifh inward Jirengtby 

Make our enlarged foul$ pojfefs 
And learn the height ^ and breadth and length 

Of thine unnuafuraUe grace. ^ 

Now to the God whofe power can do 
More than our thoughts or wijhes know^ 
Be everlajiing honours done^ 
By all. the churchy through Christ bis S^n ! 

^OL. IV. Ff VIL 


C 450 ) 


A LMIGHTYG©©, who baft given us thy only be- 
"^ gotten Son to take our nature upon Him^ and as at. 
this .time to be born of a pure virgin ; grant that we be- 
ing regenerate and made thy children by adoption and grace, 
may daily be renewed by thy Holy Spirit, through our Lori> 
Jesus Christ, v/ho liveth and reignetb with thee and the 
fame Spirit, ev^r one God, world without end. Amea ! 

The Homily for the Nativity, &c. 

Father^ our hearts we lift 

Up to thy gracious throne^ 
And blefs thee for the precious gift 

Of thine incarnate Son. 
The gift unfpeakable 

We thankfully receive^ 
And to the world thy goodnefs tell : 

Ob may we to thee live ! 

Jesus, the Holy Cbildy 

Doth by his birth declare. 
That God and man are reconciV dy 

And one in Him we are., 
Salvation, through his name^ 

To lojl mankind is giv^n. 
And loud his infant cries proclaim, 

A peace 'twixt earth and heaven, 

A peace on earth he brings, 

fyhich never more Jhall end; 
The Lord of hofts, the King of kingsy 

Declares himfelf our friend ^ 
AJfumes our fiejh and blood. 

Angels the wonder fian. 
The everlajling Son of GoD^ 

Tlje mortal Son of man. 

O way we all receive 

The new-born Prince of Peace, 

6 M 

t 451 3 

^nd meekly in bis Spirit lii/e^ 
And in his love iiicreafe ! 

Till He convey uS honied 
Cry ev*ryfiul dlfftid'^ 

Come^ thou dejire of nations^ corner 
And take us all to God. 


"itrrE are chiefly bound to praife thee for thy Son JesUjJ 
Christ our Lord : for he is the very Pafchal Lamb, 
tirhich was offered for us, and hath taken away the fin of th^ 
World ; who by his death hath deftrdyed deaths ind by hid 
rifing tcl lift: again, hatfe rerforcd tp us everlaftirig life. There- 
fore with angels and archangels, and with all the company 
of heaven, we laud and nSalgnify thy glorious name, ever- 

. more praiiing thee and faying. Holy, holy^ holy, Lord Goj3 
ofHofts, heaven and earth are full of thy glory; Glory bd 

^iothee^ O Lord mod high.* Amen ! 

The iiomily for Godd Friday. 

Te thai pafs by i heboid' tht Mani 

The man of griefs condgmtidfor you i 

The Lamb of Gov foKfi^iursJlaifii 
TVeeping to Calvary purfue. 

His f acred Limbs theyjiretch^ they tear 5 

With nails they fajfen to the Wood • 
Hisfacred LimbSy ^txpoid and bare^ 

Or only to^ir'd tuitb his blood; 

See there ! his temples crowned with thorns^ 

His bleeding hands extended widsy 
His fir earning feet trahsfixi and iorn^ 

The fountain gujhlngfrom his fide. 

Oh thou dear fuffering Son of GoT>^ • 

How doth thy heart toftnners move ! 
Help us to catch il)y precims bjoody 

Help us to t^Jie thy dying lovei 

' F f 2 fhi 

■[ 4*2 ;] 

TTje earth could t9 brr ^intfe quate^ " . > 

Convulsed whil/t hir crtatvr dfd^ 
O may our inmoft nature fl^ki^ 

And boWf with Jesus eruiifjfdl 

At thy lajl gajpy the graves difplay^d 

Their horrors to the upper Jkies ; 
O that our fouls might hurjl the Jhade^ 

Andy quickened fy thy deaths arife ! 

The rods could feel thy powerful deaths 

And tremble^ and ifunder part ; 
O rend with thy expiring breaibn, 

Tie harder marble of our heart f. 

r ■ ■ 

IX., ^ 

ALMIGHTY God, who thrwgk thine only begotten 
Son Jesus Ckliisr, hath overcome desth, &nd opened 
unto us the gate of everlafllflfg life $ we humbly befeech thee, 
that as by thy fpecUl grace preventing us, thou doft put 
into our minds good defires ; fo by thy continual help we 
may bring the fame to good efk&j through Jbsus Christ 
our Lord, who Ihrcth aAdieigneth with thee and the Holy 
Ghoft, ever one God, . worM without end. Amen ! 

The Homily for the Refurre£lion» 

Blefs^d mornings, whofefirfi dawning rays 

Beheld our rifing God i 
That f aw him triumph o^er the duft^ . 

And leave his lajl abode ! 

In the coldprifon of a tomb. 

The dead Redeemer lay ; 
^Till the revolving Jkies had brought 

The thirdy th* appointed day. 

Hell and the grave Mnite their force 

To hold our God in vain; 
The fleeping conqueror arofe^ 

And bur ft their feebk chain. 

C 453. } 
To thy great name^, jlmighty LoRP^ 

Thejifacred hours we pay \ 
And hud Hofan^ai Jhnti proclaim^ 

The triumfh of ^he day. 

Salvation and immortal praife 

To our viSforioui Khg; 
Let heaven y and earthy and rocks j and feaSj 

With glad Hofdnnaf ring. 


f^ OD, who as at Ais time Jidil teach the hearts of thy 
^^ faithful people, by fending to theni the light of thy Holy 
Spirit; grant us by the fame Spirit to taive a right judg- 
ment in all things, and evermore to rejoice in his holy com- 
fort, through the merits of Christ Jesus our Bavtpur, who 
liveth and reigneth with thcc, }p iht unity of the fame Spi- 
rit, one God, 'world without end. . Amen ! 

Homily on Whitfunday. 

IT is very meet, right, and our bounden duty, that we 
fhould at all times, and in atl places, give thanks unto thee, 
O Lord, Holy Father, Almighty, everlaftiqg Goo, through 
Jesus Christ our LoRii, according to whofe moft true 
promife, the Holy Ghoft came down as at this time from hea- 
ven with a fudden great found, as it had been a mighty wind. 
In the likenefs of fiery tongues, lighting upon the Apoftlcs, 
to teach them, and to lead them into all truth, giving them 
both the gift of divers languages, and alfo boldnefs with fer- 
vent zeal, conftantly to preach the gofpel to all nations, 
whereby we have been brought mit of darknefs and error into 
the clear light and true knowledge of thee, and of thy Son 
Jesus Christ, Therefore with angels and archangels, 
and with all the company of heaven, we laud and magnify 
thy glorious name, evermore praifing thee and faying. Holy, 
holy, holy. Lord God of Hods, heaven and earth are fuU^ 
of thy glory. Glory be to -thee, O LoRP moft ,high. 
Amen ! 

F f 3 Creator 

C 454 ] 

Creator Spirit y by whofe aid^ 

The world^s foundatioiyi firft were laid} 

Come^ vtjit ev'ry watting mind^ 

Come pour thy joys on human-kind | 

Fromfm and forro^j fet usfr^e^ 

And make us temples worthy thee^ 

O fource of uncreqfed heat^ 
The Father* s promised paraclete ! 
Thrice holy founts immortal fire ^ 
Our hearts with heavenly love infpire j 
Come, and thy facred unSlion hvug^ 
Tofan^ify us^ while we ftng. 

Create at new^ our wills controul^ 
Subdue the rebel in our foul ; 
Chafe from our minds th' infernal foe^ 
Jink peace^ the fruit of faithy beftow j 
Jnd lefl again we go ajlrayy ' * 

P rote Si and guide us in thy way* 

fmmortal honours^ endlefs fantey 

Attend th* Almighty Father's name\ 

The Saviour Son be glorifiedy 

Who for lofi Man's redemption dydy 

And equal adoration be^ 

Eternal Comforter^ to thee I 



O N 



[ 458 ] 

Lord, behold I pray, and blufb, ahd am confounded that 
X never prayed on this wife before. 

But I have looked upon myfelf as rich, not confideriog that 
I was poor, and blind, and naked. I have trufted ta ipy 
own righteovfnefs. I flattered myfelf I was whde, and there- 
fore blindly thought I had no need of thee, O great phyfi- 
cian of fouls, to heal my ficknefs. 

But being now convinced by tby free mercy, that my own 
righteoufnefs is as filthy rags ; and that he is only a true 
chriftian who is one inwardly ; behold with ftrong cryingt 
and tears, and groanings that cannot be uttered, I befeedi 
thee to vifit n>e with thy free Spirit^ and by unto thefe diy 
bones. Live. 

I confefs, O Lord, that thy grace is thy own, and that« 
tby Spirit bloweth where he lifteth. And waft thou to deal 
with me after my deferts, and reward me according to my 
wicked neifes, I had long fince been given over to a reprobate. 
mind, and had my confcience feared as with a red-hot iron. 

But, O Lord, fince, by fparing me fo long, tbou haft 
(hewn th^t thou wouldft not the death of a finner ; and finer 
thou haft promifed^ that thou wilt giv.e thy holy Spirit to 
thofe that afkj I hope thy goodnefs and )ong-fufiering is in- 
tended to lead me to repentance, and that thoiji wilt not turn, 
away thy face from me. 

Thou feeft, O Lord, thou feeft, that with the utmoft 
earneftnefs and humility of foul, I aflc thy holy Spirit of thee, 
^d am refolved in confidence of thy promife, whocanft not 
lye, to feek and knock, till I find a dopr of merfiy opened 
unto me. 

Lord, fave me, or I perifli j vifit, O vjfit me with thy fali^ 
vation. Lighten mine eyes that I fleep not in death. O let 
me no Ipnge^ continue a ftranger to myfelf, but (juicken me, 
quicken me with thy free Spirit, that I n^ay know myfelf, 
even as I am known. 

Behold, here I am. Let me do pr fufFer wbat feerneth good 
ifi thy fight, only renew me by thy Spirit in my mipd, and 
make me a partaker of the divine nature. So (hall I praife 
thee all the days of my life, and give thee thanks for ever 
lA the glories of thy kingdon), Q moft adorable Sedeeoier ;. 


[ 459 ] 
to whom, w!th the Father, and the Holy Ghoft, be afcribed 
a!l honour and praife,^ now and for evermore. Amen^ 

A Praytr for one newly awakened to a Senfe of the 
Divine Life* 

I . 

O Almighty and cverlafting Father, who in the begin-, 
ning fpake and it was done, faying, " Let thefe be 
lijght, and there was light j" O moft adorable Redeemer^ 
who, when Adam had eaten the forbidden fruit, waft 're-» 
veiled as the feed of the woman, and didft in the ful- 
pcfe of time die an accurfed death to favc us from the guilt 
and power of our fins, and thereby break the ferpent*s head ; 
Q blefled and etefnal Spirit, who didft once move upon 
tlic face of the great deep, who didft jbverthado\^ the bleile4 
virgin, who didft defcend on the Son of God at his baptifm, 
^rid didft come down after his afceiifiori in fiery tongues upoa 
the heads of each of his apoftles ; O holy, bleffed, and glo- 
rious Trinity, three perfons arid One God, by whofe joint 
eonfultation we were firft made, and into whofe name we 
hive been again baptized ; Accept my humble and hearty 
facrifice of praife and thankfgiving, for calling me out df 
darknefs into thy marvelous light: for quickening me when 
dead in trefpaflis and fins, and moving on the face of nyf 
jfoUutcd and difordered foul. 

Thou haft promifed, O Lord, that thou wilt not quench 
the fmoaking flax,- or break the bruifcd reed. And thoii 
baft told us, that thy Holy Spirit fhould be in us as a well 
of water' fpringing up unto eternal life. Finilh therefore, I 
bcfeech thee, the good work begun in my foul, and now 
thou haft called me, never let me lie down again in fin. 

Thou feeft, O Lord, the good feed fown in my heart, is 
b^t as yet as a very fmall grain of ipuftard-feed. O con- 
tinue to water, with the dew of thy heavenly bleffing, what 
thy own right-hand h^th planted^ aqd it (hall become ^ 
great tree. • 

' Thou haft touched the eye of my mind by thy divine power, 
and I fee men as trees walking. Let thy holy Spirit, by his 
blefled influences, more and more rcmoye the remaining fcales, 
^till I at length fee all things clearly. 


[, 46o ] 

With fhame and confufion of face, O Lord, I confefs, 
r am unworthy of this and all other thy mercies. For I. 
have long fince done defpite to the Spirit of grace, crucified 
the Son of God afrefh,. and put him to open fliame. But do 
thou, who art rich in mercy to all that call upon thee, in 
fiaithfulnefs forgive me what is paft, and grant I may from 
henceforward work out my falvation with fear and tremblings 
fince thou haft fo gracioufly wrought in me both to wfll \Ri 
to do, after thy good pleafure. 

I know, O Lord, that now thou haft begun to deliver me 
out of my natural, and ^orfe than Egyptian bond^e, I mufi 
expert to pafs through a barren and dry wildemef^, that .there 
are lions in the way, that the fons of Anak are to be grappled 
tvith, before I attain to the true fabbath of .the foul. ^ 

But thou, angel of the everlafting covenant^, who didft 
fend thy miniftring fpirits to lefcue righteous £9^,. who leddl 
thy flieep by the hands of Mofes and Aaron^ and didft ap- 
pear in a vifion to Ananiasj commanding him to go and lay 
his hands upon thy fervant &?»/; fend me always a faithful 
and experienced paftor, who may lead me by the hand, aod 
keep me from lingring in my fpiritual Sodom^ by his prudent 
dire£lions under thee j and preferve me from the fnar^ and 
fury of my fpiritual adverfaries, which otherwife .may overtakit 
and deftroy my foul. 

O make me teachable like a little child. Convert my Ibul 
and bring it low. Grant I may be willing to learn what 
things 1 ought to do, and alfo may have power faithfully to 
fulfil the fame. 

Strengthen me, I befeech thee, by the holy Spirit, to cut 
pfF a right-hand, to pluck out a right-eye, to lay afide every 
weight, efpecially the fin that doth moft eafily befct me j to 
forfake father and mother, brethren and fifters, yea, and my 
own life alfo, rather than not be thy difciple. 

O fufFer me not to deceive my own foul by a partial refor-r 
matioii. Search me and try me, and examine my heart, and 
let no fecret unmortified luft or paflion ever keep me from 
life everlafting. . 

Lord, I am not my own : Thou haft bought me with 
the price of thy Son's moft precious blood. 


t 4^ 3 

nrbou haft often required, mnd lo ! I now gtre thee my 
heart, to the bcft olF ihy knowledge, without fecretly keeping 
hkck the leaft part. For whom have I in heaven but thee^ 
and what is th^re- on earth that I can defire in comparifon of 
thee ! 

O mould me into thy own moft blefTed image, my Lord 
and my God. Fill me with thy grace here, lit me for thy 
glory hereafter. Even fo. Lord Jesus. Amen, and Amen, 

A Prayer for one under Spiritual Defertion^ 

GEVER: blefled and mofl compaffionaie Redeemer, 
who waft in all things tempted like at we are, tin 
only excepted. O thou lover of fouls, who in the days of 
thy ixSHx didft offer up ftrong cries and tears, and waft heard 
in that thou foaredft. O thou reftorer of mankind, who waft 
in fuch an agony in the garden, that thou didft fweat great 
drops of blood, falling to the ground* O thou Almighty 
High^Prieft, who, when through the eternal Spirit thou waft 
about to make thy foul an oflFering for fin, waff deferted 
of thy Father, and didft cry out, in the bitternefs of thy 
ibult ^^ My God, my God, why baft thou fprfaken me." 
O thou, who now fitteft at the right- hand of the Father, 
continually to make interceffion for us, look down, I be* 
feech thee, upon me, thy unworthy fervant ; for thou haft 
turned away thy face, and lo I I am troubled ; thou haft 
taken off my chariot-wheels, and I drive heavily ; thou haft 
permitted a cloud to overfliadow me, and an horrible darknefs, 
fearfttlnefs, and dread to overwhelm me, fo that my fpirit 
would utterly fmk within me, did I not believe thou wouldft 
yet turn again and vifit me. 

Father, if it be poffible, remove this horrible darknefs s 
but if my foul cannot be made perfect without it, thy vholy, 
thy blefled will be done. 

'••La here I^m I Deal with me as it feemeth good in thy 
light. Only let thy grace be fuflicient for me ; and in the 
midft of my agonies fend down, I befeech thee,* an sage} 
irom heaven to firengthen me. 

Lord, thou knoweft that Satan hath deiired to have me, tb^ 
ke may ilft me as wheat: O fill 'not.. . 


f 462 ] 

, Sufier, O fuficr him not to get an advantage over tnci fdt 
thou art not ignorant of his devices. O let him not fo pre- 
vail againft me,* as to make me entertain hard thoughts of 
ihee, my moft loving Mafter, and companionate Redeemer. 
For X knovir, thou of very faithfulnefs haft caufed me thus to 
be troubled, and doft afflifE me for no other reafon, but to 
inake nie partaker of thy hollnefs. 

Give me, O give me the (hield of faith, and enable me 
to repel all the fiery blafphemous thoughts, which that 
wicked one (hall, at any time, dart into my mind. Let 
me drive them off, as carefully as Abraham did the birds 
that came to devour his faqrifice. And oh ! let him never 
tchipt me to think, thou wilt impute them to me for fin. 

LoAD^ thou only knoweft the prefent drynefs and barren- 
nefs of my foul, and how liable I am to be tempted to fret 
againft thee, and to feek pleafure in the creature when I can 
find no fenfible fatisfaflion in thee, my great Redeemer, who 
9ut God, blefied for ever. 

But, I befeech thee, keep my foul quiet and compofed, 
and for thy mercy's fake, enable me only to take pleafure in 
thee, and to fit down folitary in the bitternefs of my foul^ 
and patiently wait till I can draw comfort from thee^ the 
fountain of living waters, rather than hew out to myfelf 
broken cifterns, that will hold no water. 

Never, never let me fall out with any of thy ordinances^ 
or think I do not pleafe thee in my holy duties^ becaufe I 
have no inward fenfible pleafure in them myfelf^ 

Enable me to walk by faith, and not by fight, and to 
feek thee in the ufe of all appointed means, though it be 
forrowing ; being aflured, that after three days I ihall find 
thee in the temple ; or that thou wilt make thyfelf known 
unto me, by breaking of bread, or in fome other way. 

Lord, I believe (help thou my unbelief) that I am now 
talking with thee, as certainly as Mary was, when thou 
didft converfe with her at the fepulchre ; though (he knew 
it not. In thy due time reveal thyfelf again to me, as thou 
didft to her, and let. me hear the voice of my beloved. 

Thou haft promifed, thou wilt not fuffer us to be tempted 
above what we are able to bear, but wilt, with the tempta- 
tion, make a way for us to efcape^ that we may be able to 


t 4^3 ] 
bear It. Fulfil, O Lord, this thy promire! And Jrftcr 1 
hare fufFcrcd a while, ftrcngthcn, eftablifl^ fettle, and vifit 
me, as thou didft thy fervant. Abraham^ when he returned 
from the (laughter of the five Kings. 

Lord, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon me; 
reftore to me the joy of thy falvation ; and when my heart is 
duly prepared, and humbled by thefe inward trials, grant me 
a feeling pofleffion of thee, my God, for the lake of thy dear 
Son Jejsus Christ our Lord* jtmen^ Amen. 

A Prayer for one under the Difpleafure of Relations y for being 

BLESSED Lord, who haft commanded us to call upon 
thee in the time of trouble, and thou wilt deliver us ; 
and haft always {hewn thyfelf to be a God hearing prayer, 
mighty and willing to fave \ hear me now, I pray thee, when 
I call upon thee, for trouble is at hand. 

Thou feeft, O Lord, how many of my brethren, accord- 
ing to the flefti, perfecute me for thy name's fake; fo that 
I muft renounce them, or decline openly profeffing thee be- 
fore men. 

But God forbid I (hould love father or mother, brethren 
or fifters, more than thee, and thereby prove myfelf not 
worthy of thee. No ! I haye long fince given thee my foul 
and my body; fo, lo ! I now freely give thee my friends alfo. 

I now find by experience, that as it was formerly, fo it is 
now. They that are born the fle(h, do perfecute thofe 
that are born after the fpirit. Thou cameft not to fend peace 
pn earth, but a fword. And unlefs.a man forfake all that he 
bath, he cannot be thy difciple. 

Lo ! I come to perform this part of thy will, O my God; 
being afliired, that whofoever forfaketh father or mother, bre* 
thren or fifters, houfes or lands^ for thy fake, or the gofpel, {hall 
receive a hundred-fold in this prefent life, with pcrfecution, 
and in the world to come life everlafting. 

I truft, O Lord, it is for thy fake alone, that I now make 
an offering of the favour of my friends to thee ; for thou 
l^noweft, O Lord, how continually they cry out againft 


[ 4^4 ] 
tne, though I am doin^ no more than thy ho\j v^rd Rtiedf 
requires me to d«. 

But do tbou, Q bleilSsd. Saviour, ^ho Taidft tthto PifO'^ 
*< Get thee behind me Satan," . enable mr td Hop iny ears to 
their fiUfe infinuatiooa, charm they never fo fweedy { for they 
favour, not the things that be of God, but tho things diat 
be of men. And unlefs, OLord, thou doft help, they will 
be an ofience unto me, and caufe 4ne to deny the Lord (hat 
bought me. .. .• ... 

Far be it from me, O Lord, to be Airpri:^ed, becaufe of 
thofe offences 3 for thou l)aft long fince denounced woe againft 
the world becaufe of oflfencea; and I fiitd it is- needful foi" 
my foul, that fuch ofiences (houM come, to try what is in 
my heart; and to try whether I love thee in deed and in 

Bkfled, therefore, for ever blefled be thy holy name^ that 
I am accounted worthy to fuffer for thy name's fake. O let 
me rejoice, and be exceeding glad, that my reward (hall be 
great in heaven. 

let me never regard any of their threatnings ; for wheii 
my father and mother forfake me, thou, O Lord, I aih 
aiTured, wilt take me up. 

Take me, O take me into the arms of thy mercy ; for 
henceforward know I no man after the fleih ; and whofeever 
doth the will of my heavenly Father, the fame fhall be mf 
brother, arid fifter, and mother. 

1 know, O Lord, I know that this v^lt expofe me to the 
derifion and perfecution of thofe that are round about me. 
But do thou, whodidft feel^ for the poor beggar, after Ke 
was caft out by the 'Jiwijh council, and dtdft reveal thyfeif 
unto him, reveal thyfeif to me alfo, when my name is caft 
out as evil by my friends and the world. Though they curfe, 
yet blefs thou mc, O Lord, and enable me, I moft humbly 
befeech thee, to pray for them, even when they moft defpite- 
fully ufe me, and perfecute me. *' Father, forgive them, for 
they know not what they do.*' 

It is owing, O Lord, to thy free mercy alone, that I 
have in any meafure been enlightened to know thee and- the 
power of thy refurredion. O let the fame grace be fufficient 

i 4B$ i 

Mr tietfa aiib; aiid mike tby almighty'powei' to l>e knowii 
iii their con? erfion. 

Thou dii& otiQCj O bkfled Sairiour^ in^gaify thy goodneis 
in ttirning thy (ti^iftrtt Paiilf from a bitter perfocittor^ to hi 
» sealous pteacber of thy gofpcl $ and madeft the trembling 
jailor cry out, even to tfaofe wbofe feet he had hurt in th« 
ftocks ^^ Sirsi what /hail I do to be faved V' 

Look down, therefore^ I befeech thee, iii pity and com» 
pzrfEon, on thofe of toy own houfhdd -, and after I am con^ 
verted myftilfi make ine or fome other pbthh inilrumental ti 
ftrengthen thefe my weak brethren ; that though #e are now 
divided amohgft ottrfelves, two agaioft thrfce, and three againfl 
two, yet we may at laft, ill with onfe heart and one mouthy 
gloHff thee, O LonH ; that thou niayeft come and abide with 
lis, and love its as thou didft LaTigrusi Mary^ and her fifter 
fdstrihA. Grant tbis^ O Saviour^ for tby infinite ttieritsi fake \ 
Amen and Amen. 

A Prajirfof' dni efiirujud wUb thi kducatioh of Children. 

OVkiiktcSk j£9t/s^whai gathereft thy lambs into thjr bofom^; 
and didft folemnly comm^hd th<f Arvadt Peteri to feed 
them ; grant I miy (Hew that I love thee more than all diings,' 
hj doihg aft thod Haft ^oMm^nded him: 

ix)tt^, i^ho ato }, ot #h^t is in me,' that thoti {boutd thu$ 
put honour upon me,- iri makidg fne any war inftruntental to' 
Ifc^ {irfcptflhg fduld fo* thee ? O thoa bleltett Satiour, I have 
fltilMd ^ttnft heav^n^ tihd am fio mortf worthy to be called thy 
fefi^ ihtich lefe ib be cmpioi^etl in the ferft^c 6f thy children. 

Stit (\tt^ thbti Haft been pleitftd m ttttj to ihe# fefrth all thy 
mercy^ and haft called tiie hy thy good providence to this 
\AtStA #ofk,N gr&ht I may aWays fediember, t%at tfie little 
Sdck eoMiftitted to my charge^ are bougKt with the price 6i 
tlijr o¥ffi moft preeiotis blood. Artd let it, therefore,- be mf 
iOHt aJKd drink, t6 feed therfi With the fincere fnilk of thy 
in^otd, that they may grtfw thereby; 

To ih\% eftd, I befeeth thee of thy free gratt, firft fo ton- 
^Vert tifty own foul^ ind caufe mfc t6 he<:omfe like a little diild, 
ifcat frdtli ari experimental knowledge of xHy own corruptions^ 
t ttttff \tky^ my fpifitual fenfe^ exefcifed^ to difcerh the Kift 
toiotioni of evil that may at any time arift in their hearts; 
r/yni. iVi C g Ogive 


[ 478 ] 

whilft I am in trouble. Sufier me to fin no more, left a wor& 
evil befal me : and as thou waft pleafed to reveal thyfclf in 
the temple to the poor man, whom thou didftcurein the 
days of thy fle(b, be pleafed, for thy mercy's fake, to reveal 
thyfelf to me. Then fbali I (hew forth my chankfulne(s, not 
only with my lips, but with my. life, by giving myfelf up to 
thy fervice, who didft die for our fins, and rife agaia for our 
juftification ; to whom with the Father, and the Holy Ghoftj 
be all honour and glory, now and for ever. Amen. 

A Pray it for a Woman lattfy marriid to a beUeving Hufiand^ 

EVERLASTING Father, who didft make jEw out of 
the rib of Adam^ and didft give her to him to wife, ac- 
cept my thanks for calling me to the marriage-ftate, and blef- 
fing me with a hufband fearing thee. O, for thy mercy's fake, 
make me a help meet for him. Grant, as Sariab called Abra- 
bamy fo I may call and honour him as my lord. Lei me al- 
ways remember, I am the weaker veflel, that toian was firft 
made, and not woman, and fufFer me not at any time to ufurp 
authority over him. O let me always take heed to reverence, 
and be in fubje£tion to my hufband ; and let not my adorning 
be the outward adorning of plaiting the hair, or^f wearing of 
gold, or of putting on fine apparel, but let it be the hiddeA 
maitbf the- heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the 
ornament of a meek and quiet fpirit, which is in the fight of 
thee, my God, of great price. O let me be grave, diJbreer, 
chafte, a keeper at home. Sufi^er me not to be a bufy-body, 
or to^wander about from houfe to houfe. Keep me from be- 
ing a tader, fpeaking the things which I ought not.* And if 
thou doft blefs me with children. Lord, teach me to guide 
them in the right way, and manage my houfe ■ with fuch 
meeknefs and wifdom, that I may give no oceafion to the 
adverfary tofpeak reproachfully* Though in the marrtage- 
ftate, enable me, O Lord, to ferve thee without diftradion, 
and let me never be fo cumbered about the many tbmgs of 
this life, as to negle£t the one thing needful.. May I with 
Maryi continually fit at thy feet^ and learn of thee,- O Jesu^, 
to be meek and lowly in heart. Keep me from being a fnare 
to my hufband. Make me willing to part with him whenfoi* 
ever thou (halt call him hoim me. Into thy hands, O Loan^ 

1 cona^ 

[ 479 1 
I commend both pur (pirits, fouls and bodies. OTandi/y^tf 
throughout, and let pur feed be blelled. > O let our nwrjiige^ 
bed be undefiled, and give us to live together. as heirs o( the 
grace of God, that pur prayers be not hindered. Help u» to 
love one another,, like thee and thy church. Give ;us freedom 
to pray with and for each other^ and grant I. may be the 
glory of my hulband, as the church is the glory of thee my 
Saviour. Hear me, O Lord, hear me, .according to the 
multitude of thy mercies in Jesus njy Redeemer j to whom, 
with the Father, and the Holy Ghoff, I defire here and here- 
after to afcribe'all power,' might, majefty, and dominion, for 
ever and ever. ]Amtn^ and Anun. - 

A Prayer for a Man^ comnnad thai it is bis Duty, to marry^ far 
Din^ion in the Cbna rf.a Wife. 

O Almighty,. ever-living GoD, who, after thou hadft made 
all things out of nothing, and man after, thy own divine 
image, didft fay, ^^ It is not good, that man (hould be alone, I 
will make him an help meet for him ;" look down, O Loud, 
on the work of thine ovi^n hands, and hearken to the voice of 
my humble requeft. O LokD, chufe a help meet for me^ Thou 
Lord, art acquainted with my wants. Thou didft once 
chufe a Rebecca for Ifaac. Thou art the fame to-day as thou 
.waft yefterday. Blefs me,, even, me alfo, in like manner, O 
my Saviour. Suffer me not, O Loiio, to be unequally yQke4 
wi^h an unbeliever. O let m.e nqt- be i|i: (he p\«mber of tbf 
fons of God, who faw the daughters of»n^^, th^c.^ey ly^re 
fair, and took them vyives of all which they c;^ofe. LoJip^^ 
do thou chufe for me, and dire£t,me ^o a; .child of tbiof pwn^ 
adorned with a meek and quiet fpirit* - Q fufF^ not ;to fall 
by the hand of a woman. For, Lord^ ,thpu knoweft I defire 
to take a wife, not for luft, but uprightly > therefore^ meici^ 
fully ordain, that I may have ,one after thy own heact.; When 
I marry, let it, be only in and, for thee, O Lord. Let no| 
luft or paffion pervert or' blind my eyes ; but. Lord, giye^me 
to watch unto prayer, and let thy providence ;poiiitg^t the 
perfon thou haft appointed for me. Thou didft dire£l: Abra^ 
hanCs fervant; Lord, for thy mercy's fake, direft me. Be- 
hold, I call thee, O blcflcd Jfisus, to my mafriagCi Direct 




MeVilfe, when I eonfulc my rriefi<i?> Ihy iiftipUs, O iUb 
their tdvid^ onto mc in this imporfant change of my Yift^ and 
let aA) kfiotr my marriage is ^ thee, my Goh« All ^liich I 
himibly beg in thy name, und through thy riief?fSj O bfeffed 
Lamb of God, thoa heavenly bridegroom of thy ehofch, to 
whom, with the Father, ahd the Holy Ghoftj be :ill hondtir 
dnd glory, now and for evtrthore. A/neftj and ^m^. 

A Prajer for a tVomanj dejiring DireSllon of GoD, after an 
Offer of Marriage is viade to her* 

FOUNTAIN of light and life, who haft promifed t6 
hear the petitions of them chat afk in thy dear Son's 
name, look down on ihe thy poor handmaid, and anfwer my 
requeft, for thy infinite mercy's fake. Lord Jesus, thou 
knoweft all things, thou knoweft that I love thee, and defire 
only to live unto thee. Shew mc, O LokD, (hew me^ foi' tfiy 
mercy^s fake, what thou wouldcft have me to do. I fe^j O 
Lord, the advantages of z fingle life, and that I can noW 
care only for the things of the Lord, and ferve thee without 
diftraflion. If thou fceft this ftatc beft for my foul, O give me 
power over my own will, and never futfer me to know man. 
But fmee thou baft declared that " Marriage is honoufable Jft 
nil ;*' if thou fecft that ftate beft for me, Lord, flicw ftic 
whom thou haft chofen for me. Behold, thy handmaid is noW 
invited to the marrfage^^ftate, and thou alone knowe^ the 
heart of him who offers to be my hufeand. O fuBtr me nrt 
to deceive my own foul 5 watch, O Loki>j| WaKh over and 
influence my deceitful heart. O let ftic fee the token9 of thy 
Willi biifore I give a detefiiiinate anfwer. Sufftt We /lOt tO 
fay, I will go with him, until I plainly fee this propoTal \% of 
ihee^ tny God. Influi^ce tny relations hearts, as thou did^ 
Influehcc the hearts of Jlebeciia*$ friends ; and if it be thy wilt 
I fhould be joined with this thy fcrvant, O l^t tt\t lote hiift 
€nly in thee, and for Ace^ to the glory of thy gtett nafne^ 
and the falvation tif both Oar immortal (buls, through Jxsir^r 
ICHkfthr our Lord. Eveft fo, Lord jEstx«,jf;fr^A, and ^m«i- . 


I 48» ] 

A Praytrfor Ptrfim in w» StBrm at Sea. 

DEAREST Lord, and alUpowerful Redecrncr, wTio 
waft praying on the mountain, whilft- thy difcfples 
were tolling and rowing all night, and the wind wascontrary; 
who didft alfo appear by night to thy fervant Paul in a (hip-^ 
wreck, faying, *' Fear not, Pauij for God has given thee 
all the fouls that fail with thee ;"- mercifully look upon us, 
who ^re now expofed to the fame danger. Say unto our fouls, 
" ** It is I; be not afraid :" and to the winds, " Foace^ be 
ftill;" and';iiiimediately there {ball ht a great calm. 

Save, Lord, or we perifb ; for the waves rage horribly. 
Thou haft fcnt forth thy word, and the waters flow. O let 
not the deep (hut her mouth upon us, and fuffer not the wa* 
ter^floods to fwallow us up ! > 

We know, O Lord, for what caufe this evil is come upon 
us. We have not feared thee, the God of heaven, who 
madeft the fea and dry land, as we ought. Therefore we 
are exceedingly afraid, left thou fhouldft not deliver us. in this 
needful tiitne of trouble. 

But O thou who didft once hear Jonah^ when he cried unto 
thee out of the belly of the fi(h> though he was fleeing ftom' 
thy prefence, hear us alfo for thy mercy's fake. For thou 
hstft caft us into the deep, into the nfidft of the feas, the floods 
are compafling us about, and thy billows and waves are pafling 
over us. Save our lives from dcftru£lion, O Lord our God, 
and let us yet lift up our hands unto thee in thy holy temple. 

But if the decree be gone forth, that our bodies muftnoW 
perifli and fee corruption, thy blefled will be done. Onlf 
-grant, O Lord, that our fouls may be precious in thy fighc^' 
and that we eiiay be preferved (iom the ftorm of thy everlaft* 
ixig' anger; fo that when the voice of the archangel (halt 
found, and the trump of God command the fea to give up 
Its dead, we may rife to life immortal, through him who 
liveth and reignedi with thee and the Holy Ghoft, one GoD^ 
pow and for ever* jimgn^ and Jbmin. 

Vol. IV. Bh ^ jnanli/i 


[ 482 ] 

A Tbankfgiving for a faft Arrival after a ^t^oyage. 

ALMIGHTY and gracious Lord God, who an good, 
and doeft good, who feodeft thy rain on the juftaod 
on the unjuft, and caufeft thy fun to (hine on the evil and on 
the good ; we thy unworthy fervants humbly befeech tbce, 
that thou wouldft open our lips, and enlarge our hearts, to 
(hew forth thy praife, for letting us fee thy wonders in the 
deep, and for leading us through the fea, as on dry land, and 
bringing us to the haven where we would be. 

O do thou, who did ft infpire Mofes and the children of 
Ifrael to fing a fong unto thee, when thou broughtefi them 
up out of the Red-i'ca, open our lips, O Lord, that our 
mouths may (hew forth thy praife ; for thqu^vt our ftrcngth 
and our fong, and art become our falvation. Thy right hand 
is become glorious in power. Who is like unto tbee, O God, 
glorious in holinefs, fearful in praifes, doing wonders ?* Praife 
the Lord, O our fouls, and may all that. is within os praife 
his holy name. 

We have feen thy paths in the great waters^ and thy pro* 
vidence and power hath alone preferred usy jotherwife the 
deep had long fince overwhelmed tts, and the waters gone 
over our fouls. It is thy arm, O Lqrd, alone bath brought 
us this falvation. O that we. may therefore praife thee for tby 
goodnefs,.and declare the wonder^ that thou baft ihewn tons, 
the unworthieft of the children of men. 

Lord, let U9 never be unmindful of thy manifold mercies, 
but enable us to pay thee the vows we made thee when we 
were in trouble^. O keep us, keep us, we befeech thee, uo- 
(jpottcd from the world into which thou art ftn'dmg us. Grant 
we may not turn thy grace into wanronnefs, but hencefor- 
ward walk fo hi)ly, r^nd unMameably in all matrner of conver- 
fation and godlinefs, that* after we have palled the waves of 
this troublefome world, we* may arrive at the haven of eternal 
^eft,, which thou haft prepared for all that love our LoRBf 
Jesus in fincerity. Grant this, O Father, for thy dear Son's 
fake Jesus Christ our Saviour. Amen^ and Amen. 


\ A Prayn for a Sailor. ; 

■^r\ Thou God- of the fca and^di-y land, who in thy ftrehgfH 
V-r fctt^ -faft th^ mountains, and art girded about witH 
power, 'who clafpeftthe winds in thy fift, arid- floldeft the 
t^srfers in th6 ht^low of thy hand, who declctft thyftlf witH 
light, as with d garihehtj who fpreadeft out th2 Heavetls likd 
a- curtain. Who tellcft the' number of the ftars, aiidTalleft thetfi 
all by their nafries, wtio^ haft fet 'bounds to the fea Which it 
tannot paf$v'''and haft faid, Hitherto fhall ye come and tto far- 
ther, and here (hall your proud waves be ft ayerf : O thouj 
who haft made PUiaits; Oriifty ahd Arffurus^ who laycft the 
beams of thy chambers in the waters, who ttiakeft the clouds 
thy charidt, ihd Walkeft on the wihgs of the Wind : O thou 
almighty Jehovah,: who haft called tat by thy proVidefice to 
go dowii to the fea 7n (hips, and t6 occupy my bufihefs in the 
great watery; grant, that sis I daily Tee^ (6 I may daily admire 
thy wonders in the deepj and learn from ftorm^ and winds td 
rt>ey thy word. They go, O LorbI, when tHdu biddcft theni 
go } they come, when thou commandeft them to come. But 
I have broken all thy commands : thou haft cdmmstnded me 
to go dfteif^ but alas ! t go hbt. Thdu requirdi irie tt come 
«[nd draw tiear unto' thee in prattet, but alas ! I coche hot. Of 
ifl do pray iirito thed at fucB ti^ ad a ftorih domes upon nie^ 
fht my devotion ceafes with tKe Itoitn^ it is but like ^ morh« 
ing cloud, and a^ the early dew that pafTeth away. 

Lord, I blu(h and am confounded j virhen I cohfider libW 
tifteh thoU haft ma'ghified thy 'pOWer in iny pfefervation, itid 
yet that I t6uld continue f6' 'fiiignftrful: Thou Kaft oft^ 
heard me when I have crieti liiitd the^, wh^fri 1 ffave beeri 
ftaggering to sind ftb, and been at mjr WitV end, when the! 
waves went up to the heiavens^ and doWrt to the bell beheath ^ 
srrtd my foul hath fainted for tefry trouble : but I hav6 forgot^if 
ten to praife thee, O LoilD, for thy goodnefs,^ and td thank 
ihee fbr the wonders thou haft (hc^n to me, the ilnworthieft' 
6f the fofts of mem 

Thou waft with Noah in the ark, and bis l?ttle family ; O 
do thou vouchfafe to guide atnd pfroted me. THoii wall withr 
Jmabi when he cried unto thee oat of the belly of hfell j heaf 

Hh 2 me 

f 484 J 

me alfo, now I cry unto thee out of the great deep. I would 
not behave more wifely in the things of this life, than in the 
things which belong to my cverlafting peace. Let me not be 
(b careful to fliun a ihipwreckj and never fear niaking Dripr 
wreck of fait^ and a good confcience. Let me noc be fo i^^ 
ful to eye my compais, and yet feldom eye thy moft kcJy md^ 
which alone can guide me through this world to the haswa^ 
cverl?fiing reft. Let me not every day i^ (bljqtpus to bea| 
^y wifliedi-for port, and never defire to fe^ 4nd enjoy thee. 
Let me not daily improve cvfry wind, ud goatimis^ly ncgle^ 
thofe glorious opportunities, which- 1 ei^y pf fitting myielf 
for thee. . Let me not fear a ftorm, and yet never fear tbaf 
fiery tempeft, which will c;ie long. come, upoa tbe.wk:ked^ 
from ^hy pre fence. 

Keep me, O God, &om impatience, wj^ea the winds ami 
icat axe contrary. Grant me a lively pcrfuaiion, that thf 
providence ruleth all things } that thou jintendeft every thing 
for my good, and enable me therefore patjently to Urry thy 
leifure, and to give thee thanks for all things that befal mC} 
fince it is thy will in Christ Jesus coipqen\^g nie. Let 
me not ^nxplain of th^. w.^aitber, .fince th^ is tacitly CQin-> 
plaining of thee, my G09.. ... 

Keep, O Loao, I befecch.thee, the door pf my lips, ihit 
I'.may not offend thee with my.tongue. O put away fweariog 
far from pie, and let me no longer, as I have done, cloath 
Oiyfclf with curfing as .with^s^iment, left, as I delight 19 
curfing, it (hould happen unto me, and as I loved not bleflingi 
(fi it may be far from me. 

O let me no longer deceive my own foul, by thinking i^ 
ynpo^ble thus to offiend thee, with my tongue. All things are 
polTiblc with thee, my Gpp ! Purify, therefore, I bcfecch 
thee, my heart : create in n\e a new heart j* renew a right 
fjpirit within me: for out of the abundant wickcdneis con- 
tained thereini my mouth hath fo often uttered profane things. 

Keep me, O Lord, I befeech thee, unfpot^d in my con- 
verfation, apd let not the evil communications, tp which I aai 
daily expofed, corrupt my good manners. O let me never 
have fellowihip with the unfruitful works of darknefs, but 
rather give me courage to reprove them ; and, as my life il 
always in thy hand, O let me not forget thy law. 

5 Grant 

C 4«5 ] 

Grant, O Lord, that the crofles I meet with, may not 
increafe, but rather break my paffions. Let me, in the hours 
of watching, watch unto prayer, and teach me to enduiv 
hardneft like a good foldier of Jesus Christ. 

Keep me, O Lord, from loving unrighteous gain, and 
giant I may render unto defar the things that are Cdfar\ 
add pay tribute tb-whom tributA is due : knowing that monej 
iiojuftly gotten, is but laid, up to the owner's hurt j and that 
kemfter it will pierce me through with many .forrowt, an^ 
cat my flefh as doth fire. May my one bufioefs be to lay up 
tecafurcs in heaven, and to fecure an interefl in thee, O blefled 
J&SUS, who liveft and reignefl with the Father and the Holjp 
Ghoft, one God^ blefled for evermore. Amen^ and Anun. 

Hh 3 •' Thi 

D 4»6, I 

The- Pious- Sokl longing' for Ikmtni 

LORD ! how have I Idved the habitation of tbjr Ymki 
and the place where thine honour- dwellechi • O ^kiri- 
ous feat; the refidence and the vorkmanfliip oflhcgrcat^liM 
mighiy 600 : let me continue, kt nDi incre^o in this kwe 
of thee more and more. . ; . 

' Let'this wtary pilgrimage be fpenf in advancing dailj to* 
ifard thee^ and may the breathing of my ibul after thee, fane-, 
tify and comfort the labours- of each daj^cWd lefreih my 
waking thoughts by night. 

Let my heart be always where my treafure is already 1 and 
in this dry and defolate wildernefs, may I fee! no other thirftf 
than that of arriving at my heavenly C^naan^ aDd par« 
taking in the fociety and the joys of th^t hapj;>y people, whQ 
have the Lord for their Gqd. 

Q may that Goi> who made me, pofleia me in his holy 
femple ! Not that I dare prefume to hope for tby beauty and 
blifs upon the account of any deferts of my own ; but yet, 
the humbleft fenfe of my own unworthinefs will not fink mt 
into defpair of it, when I refie£fc upon the blood of Him who 
^ied to purchafe this ma^fion for rpe. Let but his merits be ap« 
plied to me \ let his interceffions aflift my want of worth, and 
^hen I am fafe ; for thofe merits cannot be overbalanced by 
my fins, nor were, or can thofe prayers be ever offered up 
to God in vain. 

For my own part, I confefs with fliame and forrow, that I 
have gone aftray like a (heep that is loft, drawn out my 
wandrings and my miferies to a great length, and am caft 
put of the fight of my God, into the blindnefs and darknefi 
of a fpiritual banifbment. In this forlorn eftate I fadly be- 
wail the wretchednefs of my captivity, and fing mournful 
fongs when I remember thee, O yerufakm* As yet I am at 
^n uncomfortable diftance, aQd at b^ftmy feet ftand only ia 
the outer courts of Sion. The beauties of the f^nduary are 
behind the veil, and kept hid from my longing eyes ; b^t I 
^ full of hope, that the builder of this fan^uary, ^d the 
I grawm 

[ 48? 1 . 

gracious fliepherd of fouls,wiIl carry me in upon his (houldcrj, 
that I may there rejoice with that gladnefs unfpeakablc, 
which all thofe happy faints feel, who are already admittecf 
into the prefence of their God and Saviour ; the Saviour who 
hath opened his royal palace to all believers, by abolifhing tho' 
enmity in his fle(h, and reconciling all things in heaven and 
earth by his own blood. 

He is our peace, who hath made both one, and broken 
down the middle wall of partition, promifing to give^ us thcj 
fame degree of happinefs in his own due time, which is already 
enjoyed in thee. For thus he hath declared, that they who 
are worthy to obtain that world and the rcfurreftion from the 
dead, (hall be equal unto the angels. O Jerufakmy the 
eternal habitation of the eternal God ! may 'ft thou be the 
fecond darling of my foul, and only he be preferred before 
thee in my affeflion, who flied his blood to make me worthy of 
thee. Be thou the joy and comfort of my languiQiing mind, 
my great fupport in hardfhips and diftreffes ; may the remem- 
brance of thee be ever fweet, and the mention of thy name 
a holy means to drive away all forrow from my foul. 

jjn A£l ofPraife. 

BLESS the Lord, O my foul, and all that is within me 
blefs his holy name. Blefs the Lord, O rtiy foul, and 
forget not all his benefits. O praife the Lord, all ye woiks 
of his, in all places of his dominions \ praife the Lord, O 
niy foul. 

Let us magnify that great God, whom angels praife, 
whom dominions adore, whom powers fall down and tremble 
before; whofe excellent glory cherubim and feraphim pro- 
claim with loud inceflant voices : let us bear a part in this 
heavenly fong, and together with angels and archangels, and 
all the company of heaven, laud and magnify that glorious 
uame \ let us tune our voices with theirs, and though we 
cannot reach their pitch, yet will we exert the utmoft of our 
(kill and power, in this tribute to the fame common Lord \ 
and fay with them, as poor mortals are able. Holy, holy^ 
holy. Lord God of HqRs ; heaven and earth are full of thy 
glory ; glory be to thee, O Lord moft high* 

Hh 4 For 

[ 490 ] 

exalted) and^ like the eagle, builds its neft in ttie top of the 
rocks, and keeps its eye fteady upon the Sun of righteoufnefs ; 
for op beauty is fo charming, no pieafure fo tranfporting, as 
that with which our eyes and mind are feafted, when our 
greedy fight and eager afFe£lions arc determined to our God 
and Saviour, as to their only proper center; when, by a 
wondrous myftical, but true and fpiritual a£l of vtfion, we 
fee him who is invifible ; behold a light far different from 
this which chears our fenfes, and tafte a pieafure infinitely 
fweeter than any this world and its joys can afford ; for this is 
a ihort and infincere pieafure ; this is a dim .and feebly light, 
confined to a narrow fpace, always in motion from tis, and 
in few hours put out by confhint returns of darknefs : thefe 
aire enjoyments which the great Creator hath diftributed to 
bfutes, nay, to the vileft of infeds, in common with man- 
kind ; and therefore let us thirft and afpire after fuch as are 
truly divine ; for what even fwine and worms (hare with us, 
dinnot deferve the name of light and pieafure, but, in com- 
parifon of thofe more refined, are to be efleemed'hc^better 
than pain and night. Jr^ 

Now to Goo the Father, &c. f^< 



•• • • . • 


[ 49» 3 


T O T H E 


jNSWER to the Bijhop of London'i £4/? Pttjioral Utur. 

4 Lutqr U tbf Religietii S^ietus ^England, — * P* ^^ 

A Letter to the Inhabitant's of Maryland, Virginia, North ^»rf 
South-Carolina. — — ' -r- P» 37 

A Letter tofime Churcb^Members of the Prefifterian Pirjuafiony 
in Anfwer to certain Scruples lately propofed^ in frofor ^eries 
raifed on each Remark* — * -— — ■ pt 45 

^ Letter to the Rev. Mr. John Wefley : In Anfwer to Us &r« 
mif, ^/iZn/y Free-Grace. — ^ -^ P» S3 

A Vindication and Confirmation of the Remarkabk fVori of GoD 
in New*£ng1andf Bein^ fame Remarks on a late Pamphlet^ 
eftti(ledj " Tie State of Religion in New- England, fnce tbi 
Ret. Mr. George WhitefieldV Arrival there. InM Letter t§ 
a ^rtifter of the Church of Scotland, -— ^ W p.. 77 

JIbriefAcc&uni of the Otcafton^ Procefs^ and IJfue^ of a hteSrial 
ff the A^ bold at GloMceftcr, March 3, 1743. betwi^ 

f 49* ] 

Jqwu of ihi PiOpU called M^tboSftsy Plaintiffs^ and ariak 
Perfons of the Town tf/*Minchin- Hampton, in the faid Countj^ 
Difindants. — — — — p. 10 1 

An Anfimr to tbi Pirft Part of an Anonymous Pamphlet^ entkhi^ 
*' ObfiTvations upon the Conduct and Behaviour of a certain 
" SeSfy ufualfy dijlinguijhed by the Name of Methodijs" In 
4t Letter to the Right Reverend the Bijhop of London, and ibe 
other Right Reverend the Bijhops concerned in the Publication 
thereof — — — — P- 113 

A Letter to the Reverend Thomas Church, M. A. Vicar of 
Battcrfea, and Prebendary of St. Paul's ; in Anfwer to his Se^ 
rioutand Expoftulatory Letter to the Rev. George Wbitefield, 

/ j« OiCfffon of his late Lettir to fbi Bijkop of LondODj and 

. oikiT Bijhops. ' — — — — P. 12^ 

Jin Anftver-fo the Second Part of an Anonymous PampUety en* 
titlfdy <* Okfirvaiions. upon th^J^onduSt and Bebaviottr of a' 
** certain SeAy ufualfy diflinguijhed by the Name of Atetho* 
-«« difls.** ^In afeconk Letter to the Right jRwerend the Bijhop 
ef London, and the other the Right Reverihd the Bijhops con- 
termd in the Publication thereof — ?• -»- p. 143 

Some Remaris upon a late Charge againfl Enthujiafm, delivered 
by tie Right Roverend Father in God, Richartf, Lord BlJhop 

r ; ^Litchfield ^in^ Coventry, to the Reverend t/^ Clergy in^the 
feveral Parts of the Diocefe of Litchfield and Coventry, in a 
Triennial VtJitatloir of the fame in 1 741 \ andpubUJbed at their 

■ Roqueft in the prefent TeaTj 1 744. In a Letter to the Reverend 
^he Clergy of that Diocefe. — — P« '73 

ALefter n the Reverend the Prefident and PrrfeJ^^ Ttttns4ind 
HebreW'InJiru6iory of Harvard-College, /« Cambridge. In 
Anfwer' to a Tejtimony publijbei by them againjl the Reverend 

■^ A/r. George Whitefield, andhU Condu£i. -*- p. io3 



** and PapiJIs compared ;'• wherein feveral Miftakes in fiptg 

Parts ofmypqfi Writings andCondu^ are acknowledged^ and my 

frefent Sentiments concermng the Metbodijts explained. In a 

, .Letter to the Author. -f-w -r— ^--*- p. 22) 

An E^ojlulatory Lettfr^ addrejfed to Nicholas Lewis, CoeuM 
Zin5&cpdprflF, and Lord Advocate of the llni$as Fratrum^ 

^ Short Addrefs to Per Jons of all Denominations \ occajloned by the 
Alofm of an intended Invaftony in the Year i*]^^. P* 2$< 

A Preface to the Serious Reader ^ on Behalf cf the Rev: Samiwl 
Clafke'j Edition of the Bible. — . — p. 277 

Obfervations on fome Fatal Mtjlakesy in a Book lately publijhej^ 
end entitled,, ** The DoHrine of Graces or-j The OJfce ak(f 
** Operations of the Holy Spirit vindicated from the Infults oj^ 
*♦ Infidelity^ and the Abufes of Fanaticifm.^ By William, Lor^ 
Bijhop ^Gteuceftcr. ' — — — pi 285 

A Recmmendatory Preface to the Works ofJklr^]ohn Bunyan. 


A Letter to the Rev. Dr. Durcll, VicerChancelkr of the Univerjhi 
j/* Oxford. Occajicned by a lateExpulJion of Six Students from 
Edmund-Hall. "— — .«, p. 311 

Qbfervations on Sele^ Pajffages of Scrifture^ turned into Catechetical 
^e/lions -^ — — — p. 345 

Xaw Gofpelized: or^ An Addrefs to all Chri/lians^ conemning He* 
linefs of Heart and Life : Being an Attempt to render Mr. 
Law'i Serious Call more ufefkl to the Children of Gop^ by ex^ 
eluding whatever is not truly Evangelical^ and illuftrating 
the SubjeSf mere fully from the holy Scriptures. — p» 377 


f 494 ] 

Prtfaci to a New Edition of the Homilies ; as intended to have 
hen publijhed by Mr. WhitcfiM. — — p. 441 


For one deftring andfeeking after the New-Birth. — ; p. 457 
For one newly awhiened to a Senfe of the Divine Life. p, 45^ 
For (nu under Spiritual Defertion. «^ ' — *p. 46! 

For one under the Difpleafure of Relathns for being Religi^. 

p. 463, 
For one entrufted with the Education of Children. . P* 4&S 

For a Perfon in Want. —7 — --. p. ^67 

Before Singing of Pf alms, — — . -^ P- 468 

For one before he goes to bis Labour -^ ' — . ibii. 

For a Rich Man. — — -:— p. 470 

For a Servant. . — . --• —.«-.. p. ^yi 
For a Poor Negroe. — , . — . .— P* -47 3 

For a Perfon before he goes a Journey — — P» 4*75 
For a Perfon at the Beginning of a Sicinefs. ~ p, 476 

For a Woman lately married to a believing^ Hufband. p. 478 

For a Man^ convinced that it is his Duty to marry ^ for Dire6iiQn 

in the Choice of a Wife. --« . — **— • p. 4^^ 

For a Woman deftring Dire£Iion of God ^ after an Offer of Mar ^ 

is made to her. — ., tt -—r. -•— p. 4S0 

For Perfons in a Storm at Sea, — -— -— p. 481 
J Thankfgiving for afafe Arrival after a Voyage. p. 48^ 

A Prayer for aSaiUr/ — — , -^ p. 483 

Hjc Pious Soul longing for Heaven. — ^ — p. 488? 

An Aa of Pfaife, -- ^ ~ p. 4*7 

END of the Fourth VotUMt* 


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